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Results 301 - 350 of 2509
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Sánchez-Niubò Albert - - 2013
AIM: This study estimates lifetime incidence trends of cannabis and cocaine use over 38 years from general population surveys of drug use (GPSDU) in Spain, taking into account changes of population age structure. DESIGN: Periodic cross-sectional studies. SETTING: Eight biennial GPSDU from 1995 to 2009 in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Interviewees aged ...
Russell Selena M - - 2013
We have utilized conditions of very low temperature (4.7 K) and very low sulfur coverage to isolate and identify Ag-S complexes that exist on the Ag(111) surface. The experimental conditions are such that the complexes form at temperatures above the temperature of observation. These complexes can be regarded as polymeric ...
Oluboyede Yemi - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study is to explore the dimensionality of the CASP-19-a quality-of-life measure for early old age-and to assess the stability of the item locations over time and changes in person measures. METHODS: The Rasch partial credit model was applied to the CASP-19 data obtained from Waves ...
Ito Hisatoshi - - 2013
Although the quest for Earth's oldest rock is of great importance, identifying the youngest exposed pluton on Earth is also of interest. A pluton is a body of intrusive igneous rock that crystallized from slowly cooling magma at depths of several kilometers beneath the surface of the Earth. Therefore, the ...
Ustuner E - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim is to examine the common extensor tendon (CET) thicknesses at three locations in the normal population with ultrasound (US), to determine changes related to dominancy, age, gender, body mass index and to evaluate structural changes in normal tendons. METHODS: The study included 100 normal volunteers (200 elbows). ...
Habata Yoichi - - 2013
Seven double-armed cyclens bearing two aromatic side-arms, at the 1- and 7-positions of the cyclens, were prepared via three steps from dimethyl 2,2'-iminodiacetate. The X-ray structures of the Ag(+) complexes and Ag(+)-ion-induced (1)H NMR spectral changes suggest that the two aromatic side-arms cover the Ag(+) ions incorporated in the ligand ...
Dombrowski Stefan C - - 2013
During its development, the Woodcock-Johnson, Third Edition Cognitive (WJ-III Cognitive; McGrew & Woodcock, 2001) was never subjected to structural analysis using exploratory and higher order factor analyses. Instead, confirmatory factor analyses were conducted on separate sets of WJ-III correlation matrices, yielding a seven-factor model across all age ranges. To see ...
Mourier J - - 2013
During a survey of the population of blacktip reef shark Carcharhinus melanopterus in Moorea (French Polynesia) between 2007 and 2011, population structural characteristics were estimated from 268 individuals. Total length (L ) ranged from 48 to 139 cm and 48 to 157 cm for males and females, respectively, demonstrating that the average ...
Mandić Predrag - - 2013
Aging is one of the most complex biological processes which probably affect structure and function of the enteric nerve system. However, there is not much available information on this topic, particularly in humans. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of aging on the structure of the ...
Donohue Kathleen M KM Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2013
The potential consequences of asthma in childhood and young adulthood on lung structure in older adults have not been studied in a large, population-based cohort. The authors hypothesized that a history of asthma onset in childhood (age 18 years or before) or young adulthood (age 19-45 years) was associated with ...
Dai Kai - - 2013
In this paper, a plasmonic Ag/AgBr heterostructure was reduced by AgBr, which was successfully synthesized by a facile hydrothermal process at a temperature as low as 90 °C. The morphological and structural observation, crystallinity and optical performance of the products grown were carried out by using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray ...
Dombrowski Stefan C - - 2013
Development of the Woodcock-Johnson (3rd ed.; WJ-III; Woodcock, McGrew & Mather, 2001a) was guided in part by Carroll's (1993) 3-stratum theory of cognitive abilities and based on confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), even though Carroll used exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to derive his theory. Using CFA, McGrew and Woodcock (2001) found ...
Burkovitz Anat - - 2013
Determining which parts of the Ab are essential for Ag recognition and binding is crucial for understanding B cell-mediated immunity. Identification of fragments of Abs that maintain specificity to the Ag will also allow for the development of improved Ab-based therapy and diagnostics. In this article, we show that structural ...
Lim Poon Nian - - 2013
The long-term success of a biomaterial used during surgery may be compromised by infection. A possible effective solution is to make the biomaterial osteoconductive and antibacterial. A range of silver-substituted hydroxyapatite (AgHA) of up to 1.1 wt. % of Ag was synthesized. AgHA displayed a rod-like morphology of dimensions ∼50 ...
Dos Santos Viviane Gularte Tavares - - 2013
Sixty specimens of the "cururu" toad, Rhinella icterica (Spix 1824) (Bufonidae), were collected in Campo Belo do Sul, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, between May 2009 and January 2011, and were examined for the presence of helminth parasites. Nine species of adult helminths were found: Catadiscus cohni, Rudolphitrema rudolphii, Cylindrotaenia ...
Jast John - - 2013
Three-dimensional hierarchical structure of female Sprague-Dawley rat tibia cortical bone was characterized as a function of age (3, 12, 32, 42, 60, and 72 weeks) using a high resolution micro-computed tomography. At the whole bone level, 3 week samples exhibited statistically significant differences in a mean total tissue volume, mean ...
Feng Ningdong - - 2013
The origin of the exceptionally high activity of (B, Ag)-codoped TiO2 catalysts under solar-light irradiation has been investigated by XPS and 11B solid-state NMR spectroscopy in conjunction with density functional theory (DFT) calculations. XPS experimental results demonstrated that a portion of the dopant Ag (Ag3+) ions were implanted into the ...
McBride Orla - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Population surveys report that anxiety and depressive disorders are less common in older people. It has been suggested this may be accounted for by measurement errors. We analysed 2007 English Psychiatric Morbidity Survey data to explore whether the reduced prevalences of anxiety and depression in older people might be ...
Cope Heidi H Center for Human Genetics, Duke University Medical Center, 905 S. LaSalle St., Box 3445, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2013
Myelomeningocele (MMC) commonly causes impairments in body structure and functions as well as cognitive disabilities that can have an adverse effect on adult life. Improved medical care has resulted in increased numbers of individuals with MMC surviving to adulthood, however little is known about the impact of MMC on the ...
Bolton Douglas K - - 2013
The structure and productivity of boreal forests are key components of the global carbon cycle and impact the resources and habitats available for species. With this research, we characterized the relationship between measurements of forest structure and satellite-derived estimates of gross primary production (GPP) over the Canadian boreal. We acquired ...
Bigoni Lucie - - 2013
The socioeconomic structure of an early medieval society from the Mikulčice settlement (Czech Republic) was studied on the basis of an evaluation of the fluctuating and directional asymmetry (DA) of skulls. Two distinct inhabited regions, castle and sub-castle, were compared. Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) was used as a bioindicator of environmental ...
Xu Jinxia - - 2013
TiO2-SiO2-Ag composites are fabricated by depositing TiO2 films on silica substrates embedded with Ag nanoparticles. Enhancement of light absorption of the nanostructural composites is observed. The light absorption enhancement of the synthesized structure in comparison to TiO2 originated from the near-field enhancement caused by the plasmonic effect of Ag nanoparticles, ...
Albay S - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the absence of the palmaris longus, the proportion of the lengths of tendon and muscle belly, the development of the tendon and the belly during the fetal period, look for any difference between sides and gender. Fifty-eight spontaneously aborted human fetuses (26 ...
Fernández-Juricic Esteban - - 2013
BACKGROUND: MALE AND FEMALE AVIAN BROOD PARASITES ARE SUBJECT TO DIFFERENT SELECTION PRESSURES: males compete for mates but do not provide parental care or territories and only females locate hosts to lay eggs. This sex difference may affect brain architecture in some avian brood parasites, but relatively little is known ...
Palacios Adrian G - - 2013
The Octodon degu is a native rodent species from South America, which lives in colonies with a well-structured social organization grouping of 5-10 young and 2-5 adult animals sharing a burrow system. They show a temperature-dependent diurnal-crepuscular activity pattern. In nature they rarely survive 2 yr, mostly because of predation. ...
Yassin Amir - - 2013
In contrast to male genitalia that typically exhibit patterns of rapid and divergent evolution among internally fertilizing animals, female genitalia have been less well studied and are generally thought to evolve slowly among closely-related species. As a result, few cases of male-female genital coevolution have been documented. In , female ...
Tammaro A - - 2013
In human genital skin the majority of superficial sensory corpuscles is represented by glomerular corpuscles. These corpuscles show an own morphology. Our aim is to compare the ultra-structure of superficial sensory corpuscles in the penis skin of younger and older subjects. In this report the ultra-structure of the sensitive corpuscle ...
Yin Zi-Wei - - 2013
Two new species of the tyrine genus Megatyrus Hlaváč & Nomura, Megatyrus schuelkei Yin & Li, sp. n. (based on two males) and Megatyrus tengchongensis Yin & Li, sp. n. (based on one female), from Yunnan, Southwest China are described, illustrated and distinguished from allied species. The body size, form ...
Angell Ruth L - - 2013
Social structure evolves from a trade-off between the costs and benefits of group-living, which are in turn dependent upon the distribution of key resources such as food and shelter. Males and females, or juveniles and adults, may have different priorities when selecting habitat due to differences in physiological or behavioural ...
Dubey Sylvain - - 2013
Information on the age structure within populations of an endangered species can facilitate effective management. The Blue Mountains Water Skink (Eulamprus leuraensis) is a viviparous scincid lizard that is restricted to < 40 isolated montane swamps in south-eastern Australia. We used skeletochronology of phalanges (corroborated by mark-recapture data) to estimate ...
Sarmugam Rani - - 2013
Discretionary salt use varies according to socio-demographic factors. However, it is unknown whether salt knowledge and beliefs mediate this relationship. This study examined the direct and indirect effect of socio-demographic factors on salt knowledge and discretionary salt use in a sample of 530 Australian adults. An internet based cross-sectional survey ...
Yamaoka Arao - - 2013
The electrocardiogram of nonhuman primates is similar to that of humans because of similar intrathoracic heart position and structure. Despite the frequent use of nonhuman primates in biologic studies, few electrocardiographic studies of Japanese monkeys (Macaca fusucata) have been reported, and no reference data are available for this species. We ...
Randrianambinintsoa Fano José - - 2013
An identification key of the Phlebotomus in Madagascar is proposed as well as the description of the male and female Phlebotomus (Anaphlebotomus) vaomalalae n. sp. from Mikea Forest in the south-west of Madagascar. The assignation of this new species to the genus Phlebotomus is based on the presence of mesanepisternal ...
Tange Chikako - - 2013
Aim: The purpose of this study was to construct a scale that measures multidimensional attitudes regarding death in the middle-aged and elderly, using scale items for adolescents, and to examine its reliability and validity. Methods: Twenty-nine items which were selected from the scale of Attitudes toward Death (Tange, 1999) were ...
Bouwknegt Martijn - - 2013
A demographic shift towards a larger proportion of elderly in the Dutch population in the coming decades might change foodborne disease incidence and mortality. In the current study we focused on the age-specific changes in the occurrence of foodborne pathogens by combining age-specific demographic forecasts for 10-year periods between 2020 ...
Monson Daniel H - - 2013
During Arctic summers, sea ice provides resting habitat for Pacific walruses as it drifts over foraging areas in the eastern Chukchi Sea. Climate-driven reductions in sea ice have recently created ice-free conditions in the Chukchi Sea by late summer causing walruses to rest at coastal haulouts along the Chukotka and ...
Roudaia Eugenie - - 2013
The ability to extract contours in cluttered visual scenes, which is a crucial step in visual processing, declines with healthy aging, but the reasons for this decline are not well understood. In three experiments, we examined how the effect of aging on contour discrimination varies as a function of contour ...
Deng Lei - - 2013
The present article is on Metropolis Monte Carlo simulations coupled with semiempirical potentials to obtain the thermodynamically preferred configurations of Ag-Pt nanoalloys. The effects of particle size, morphology or alloy composition on the surface segregation and the chemical ordering patterns were investigated. Surface segregation of Ag is observed in all ...
Wang Ying - - 2013
We compared sexual and reproductive health (SRH)-related knowledge, attitude and behavior among unmarried rural-urban female migrants in Shanghai coming from different regions of China. A total of 944 unmarried rural-urban female migrants were recruited from three districts of Shanghai. We used an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire to collect information from each ...
Huang Wenhui - - 2013
A middle-aged Chinese woman presented with a slowly enlarging mass over the right side of her face that was later proven histologically to be a plexiform neurofibroma. This was associated with a localised depression over her right temple. There were no other features of neurofibromatosis-1. The presentation and biological behaviour ...
Crooks Neil - - 2013
The dermal layers of several elasmobranch species have been shown to be sexually dimorphic. Generally, when this occurs the females have thicker dermal layers compared to those of males. This sexual dimorphism has been suggested to occur as a response to male biting during mating. Although male biting as a ...
Sanín María José - - 2013
Wax palms are an important element of the cloud forests in the tropical Andes. Despite heavy deforestation, the density of adults seems to be similar in deforested pastures as in forests. We aimed to infer the mechanisms responsible for this apparent resilience in pastures and we tested two hypotheses to ...
Defaveri Jacquelin - - 2013
Average age and maximum life span of breeding adult three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) were determined in eight Fennoscandian localities with the aid of skeletochronology. The average age varied from 1.8 to 3.6 years, and maximum life span from three to six years depending on the locality. On average, fish from ...
Iwasaki Mai - - 2013
A critical function of singing by male songbirds is to attract a female mate. Previous studies have suggested that the anterior forebrain system is involved in this courtship behavior. Neural activity in this system, including the striatal Area X, is strikingly dependent on the function of male singing. When males ...
Borrell Asunción - - 2013
In pelagic species inhabiting large oceans, genetic differentiation tends to be mild and populations devoid of structure. However, large cetaceans have provided many examples of structuring. Here we investigate whether the sperm whale, a pelagic species with large population sizes and reputedly highly mobile, shows indication of structuring in the ...
Raddatz Günter - - 2013
Altered DNA methylation patterns represent an attractive mechanism for understanding the phenotypic changes associated with human aging. Several studies have described global and complex age-related methylation changes, but their structural and functional significance has remained largely unclear. We have used transcriptome sequencing to characterize age-related gene expression changes in the ...
Maestripieri Dario D Institute for Mind and Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of - - 2013
We investigated variation in baseline cortisol levels in relation to relationship status (single or in a relationship), relationship characteristics (length, stability, presence or absence of clear dominance), or individual attributes (dominant or subordinate status, relative physical attractiveness, relationship worries). Study participants were 77 men and 75 women aged between 18 ...
Pond Stephen S ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders, School of Psychology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, - - 2013
Many aspects of faces derived from structural information appear to be neurally represented using norm-based opponent coding. Recently, however, Zhao, Seriès, Hancock, and Bednar (2011) have argued that another aspect with a strong structural component, namely face gender, is instead multichannel coded. Their conclusion was based on finding that face ...
Trukhina Antonina V AV Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg 199034, - - 2013
The review deals with features of sex determination in vertebrates. The mechanisms of sex determination are compared between fishes, amphibians, reptilians, birds, and mammals. We focus on structural and functional differences in the role of sex-determining genes in different vertebrates. Special attention is paid to the role of estrogens in ...
Wanke Eileen M EM Institute of Occupational Medicine, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Thielallee 69, 14195 Berlin, Germany. - - 2013
Classical dance comprises gender specific movement tasks. There is a lack of studies which investigate work related traumatic injuries in terms of gender specific differences in detail. To define gender related differences of occupational accidents. Basis for the evaluation were occupational injuries of professional dancers from three (n = 785; f: n = 358, ...
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