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Hands Beth - - 2013
The importance of considering age and sex differences in the assessment of motor performance has been largely overlooked. This study examines the psychometric properties of the US developed McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND) using data from a longitudinal sample of 986 Australian youth at 10, 14 and 17years. A ...
Im Jino - - 2013
For a material to be a good p-type transparent conducting oxide (TCO), it must simultaneously satisfy several design principles regarding its bulk and defect phase thermochemistry, its optical absorption spectrum, and its electric transport properties. Recently, we predicted Ag3VO4 to be p-type but with low conductivity and an optical band ...
Hahn Allison H - - 2013
In temperate songbirds, song has traditionally been considered a vocalization mainly produced by males. However, in many temperate species, it is now recognized that both males and females produce song. The function and structure of male black-capped chickadee (Poecile atricapillus) fee-bee song has been well-studied, but female song, although briefly ...
Marcus Sonya - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the effects of sex (male/female) that have been demonstrated in the pathology literature using 0.1mm histopathologic slices are measurable and statistically significant using high-resolution (0.625mm slice) computed tomography (CT). METHODS: IRB-approved retrospective analysis of high-resolution "normal" CT temporal bone images in pediatric subjects (0-18 years) using ...
Thorpe Chavaunne T - - 2013
The predominant function of tendon is to position the limb during locomotion. Specific tendons also act as energy stores. Energy storing (ES) tendons are prone to injury, the incidence of which increases with age. This is likely related to their function; ES tendons are exposed to higher strains and require ...
Theodorou P - - 2013
The response of age 0+ year juvenile Atlantic cod Gadus morhua to the presence of age 1+ and age 3+ year conspecifics was measured with and without cover available. Juveniles reacted by aggregating more closely and maintaining distance from older conspecifics in an experimental setting without cover but only to ...
Pouradier Florence - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ageing of the skin, being chronological or sun induced is highly documented. Scalp, as a specific skin site, has, however, received little attention. This work attempted to describe functional and structural alterations that occur in scalp skin with ageing. METHODS: Two different age groups (N = 15 each; 30 ± 3 and 62 ± 2 ...
Marečková Klára - - 2013
In our previous work, we described facial features associated with a successful recognition of the sex of the face (Mareckova et al. 2011). These features were based on landmarks placed on the surface of faces reconstructed from magnetic resonance (MR) images; their position was therefore influenced by both soft tissue ...
Pedersen Trine Pagh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Health and risk behaviours tend to be maintained from adolescence into adulthood. There is little knowledge on whether meal frequencies in adolescence are maintained into adulthood. We investigated whether breakfast, lunch and evening meal frequencies in early adolescence predicted meal frequencies in late adolescence and in early adulthood. Further, ...
Rodríguez-Fernández Arantzazu - - 2013
Background: The aim of this study is to analyze the four-factor structure (advertising, information, family environment and friendship setting) of the Cuestionario de Influjos Socioculturales sobre el Autoconcepto F&iacute;sico (CIAF) [Sociocultural Influences on Physical Self-concept Questionnaire] and its invariance in relation to sex, age and physical activity. Method: Participants were ...
Toobaie A - - 2013
The diel activity patterns of fishes in a temperate New Brunswick stream were studied during the summer over 5 years. Young-of-the year Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and blacknose dace Rhinichthys atratulus were more active during the day than at night, whereas lake chub Couesius plumbeus, brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis and ...
Yoo Ja-Young - - 2013
It is well known that facial beauty is dictated by facial type, and harmony between the eyes, nose, and mouth. Furthermore, facial impression is judged according to the overall facial contour and the relationship between the facial structures. The aims of the present study were to determine the optimal criteria ...
Lee Geon Joon - - 2013
In this paper, we investigated the optical and structural properties of the Ag:Ta2O5 nanocomposites. The nanocomposite films were prepared by magnetron co-sputtering of Ta2O5 with Ag chips. The transmission electron microscopy images clearly revealed that Ag nanoparticles were successfully produced by post-thermal annealing of the deposited films. The reflection spectra ...
Pavić Renata - - 2013
Sex is one of major factors of individual variability. In kinesiology, we explore and record changes brought on by growth and development, so we will use a sample of 1020 subjects, at the age of powerful changes caused by sexual maturation, to investigate differences in morphological characteristics of children and ...
Shah Naman K - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the epidemiology of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytemia and determine the prevalence, age structure and the viability of a predictive model for detection. METHODS: We collected data from 21 therapeutic efficacy trials conducted in India during 2009-2010 and estimated the contribution of each age group to the reservoir of ...
Guler Ferhat - - 2013
Abstract This prospective study was conducted to determine the prevalence of absence of flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS)-V tendon and to investigate the clinical usefulness of symmetry patterns, differences between sex, laterality, and dexterity in a Turkish population. Four hundred randomly-selected adult patients were examined for the absence of FDS-V function. ...
Tseng Wan-Ling - - 2013
This short-term longitudinal study examined the associations among relational aggression, physical aggression, and peer status (i.e., acceptance, rejection, and perceived popularity) across three time points, six months apart, in a Taiwanese sample. Participants were 198 fifth grade students (94 girls and 104 boys; Mean age = 10.35 years) from Taipei, Taiwan. Study ...
Tsugita Tetsuya - - 2013
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: A number of studies of the internal structure of Japanese woman's skin are now performed by means of optical coherence tomography (OCT) as a technique capable of visualizing the internal structure in a non-invasive manner. METHODS: We measured the epidermal and corneous thicknesses at 11 sites in 116 healthy ...
Graves David W - - 2013
Abstract Helminth community structure (prevalence and abundance) and patterns (associations and distributions) of gizzard worms were examined in blue-winged teal (Anas discors) migrating through south Texas to their wintering grounds (n = 50) and as they migrated back to their breeding grounds (n = 50). Three species of nematodes (Amidostomum ...
Adesina Bola Ayodele - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Tongue size, posture and pressure are considered to have significant influences on the positioning of dentoalveolar structures. Based on the equilibrium theory, forward resting posture of the tongue with light force and long duration could have both a horizontal and vertical effect on teeth. Bimaxillary proclination, a malocclusion trait ...
Primozic Jasna - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Prematurely born children show significant delay in many areas of physical development, including the orofacial structures. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of premature birth on the prevalence of functional and morphological characteristics of malocclusion in the deciduous dentition phase, considering also confounding variables, such ...
Gyawali Gobinda - - 2013
Ag°-PbMoO4 photocatalysts were synthesized by facile sonochemical method with different mol.% of Ag nanoparticles dispersed on the surface of PbMoO4. The synthesized powders were characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD) Spectroscopy, X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and Diffuse Reflectance Spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS) to investigate the crystal structure, morphology, ...
Lalley Peter M - - 2013
Pulmonary structure and function change significantly between young adulthood and old age. Elastic elements of the lung degenerate, parenchymal tissue is lost, alveolar ducts and bronchioles dilate, chest wall compliance decreases, intercostal muscle mass and force are reduced and gas exchange surface lessens. Disturbances of innate immunity predispose the elderly ...
Kirzioglu Z - - 2013
AIM: To determine the changes in the molar and canine relationships in transition from the primary to the mixed dentition in 98 subjects selected among Turkish children living in the Erzurum city centre. METHODS: This study is based on a 3-year follow-up of 98 children (46 girls, 52 boys) between ...
Butali A - - 2013
Orofacial clefts are the most common malformations of the head and neck. In Africa, orofacial clefts are underascertained, with little or no surveillance system in most parts for clefts and other birth defects. A Nigerian craniofacial anomalies study, NigeriaCRAN, was established in 2006 to support cleft research specifically for epidemiological ...
Leung Bonnie O BO Department of Chemistry, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, - - 2013
The complex formation between silver(I) and cysteine (H2Cys), penicillamine (H2Pen), and glutathione (H3Glu) in alkaline aqueous solution was examined using extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and (109)Ag NMR spectroscopic techniques. The complexes formed in 0.1 mol dm(-3) Ag(I) solutions with cysteine and penicillamine were investigated for ligand/Ag(I) (L/Ag) mole ...
Richardson Angelle A Drexel UniversityThomas Jefferson - - 2013
Using a feminist postmodern perspective and the sensitizing concept of split loyalties from Contextual Theory, the primary purpose of this qualitative study was to develop a better understanding of how adult female adoptees from closed adoptions negotiate relationships with their adoptive and biological mothers post-reunion. We conducted semi-structured individual interviews ...
Benítez Hugo A - - 2013
Insects in many species vary greatly in the expression of secondary sexual traits, resulting in sexual dimorphism, which has been proposed to be a consequence of differences in sexual selection. In this study, we analyze the occurrence of sexual shape dimorphism and the correlation between geometric body size in males ...
Chen Ying - - 2013
We apply for the first time the sample entropy (SampEn) and regularity dimension model for measuring signal complexity to quantify the structural complexity of the brain on MRI. The concept of the regularity dimension is based on the theory of chaos for studying nonlinear dynamical systems, where power laws and ...
Fávaro Carla F - - 2013
This work describes the structural elucidation of the sex pheromone of the soybean stink bug, Pallantia macunaima . The biological activity of the synthetic pheromone was demonstrated by behavioral and EAD experiments. Furthermore, the absolute configuration of the natural pheromone was determined as (6R,10S)-6,10,13-trimethyltetradecan-2-one. This is the first ketone identified ...
Shavit Amit A Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, - - 2013
At temperatures moderately below their glass transition temperature, the properties of many glass-forming materials can evolve slowly with time in a process known as physical aging whereby the thermodynamic, mechanical, and dynamic properties all drift towards their equilibrium values. In this work, we study the evolution of the thermodynamic and ...
Kenyon C - - 2013
Sexual partner homophily is the tendency of individuals to choose partners similar to themselves. The extent and nature of partner homophily influences the structure of sexual networks and hence the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In this paper, we compare homophily by ethnicity, age and educational status in representative ...
Bergman Ingvar - - 2013
The present study investigated the extent to which the effect of age on cognitive ability is predicted by individual differences in physical health. The sample consisted of 118 volunteer subjects who were healthy and ranging in age from 26 to 91. The examinations included a clinical investigation, magnetic resonance imaging ...
Aradhya Sriharsha V - - 2013
We measure simultaneously force and conductance of Ag metal point-contacts under ambient conditions at room temperature. We observe the formation of contacts with a conductance close to 1G0, the quantum of conductance, which can be attributed to a single-atom contact, similar to those formed by Au. We also find two ...
Al-Hajoj Sahal - - 2013
Data are scarce on demographical factors related to the population structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Saudi Arabia. A study was conducted on 902 clinical isolates to explore current trends in the phylogeography and associated demographical factors of tuberculosis by using spoligotyping and 24 loci based MIRU-VNTR typing. Young male patients ...
Tremblay Pascale P Centre de Recherche de l'Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Québec, Department of Rehabilitation, Université Laval, Québec City, Québec, Canada. - - 2013
The ability to perceive and produce speech undergoes important changes in late adulthood. The goal of the present study was to characterize functional and structural age-related differences in the cortical network that support speech perception and production, using magnetic resonance imaging, as well as the relationship between functional and structural ...
Gannotti Mary E - - 2013
There is a paucity of information on long-term outcomes of adults with cerebral palsy (CP) who received orthopedic interventions in childhood. Clinical effectiveness research requires assessment of outcomes that account for personal and environmental factors that may mediate the effects of treatment, in addition to body structures & function, activity, ...
Chetverikov Philipp E - - 2013
A new pentasetacine mite Loboquintus subsquamatus n. gen. & n. sp. was found living under scale-like leaves of 2-3 years old twigs of Cupressus sempervirens in Montenegro. This mite species possesses a number of morphological features (uncommon teardrop-shaped body, traits of prosoma, atypical primitive anatomy of the genital apparatus and morphological ...
McCullough Erin L EL Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA. - - 2013
Sexually selected ornaments and weapons are among nature's most extravagant morphologies. Both ornaments and weapons improve a male's reproductive success; yet, unlike ornaments that need only attract females, weapons must be robust and functional structures because they are frequently tested during male-male combat. Consequently, weapons are expected to be particularly ...
Chin A - - 2013
This study examined the characteristics of a blacktip reef shark Carcharhinus melanopterus population in turbid coastal habitats through a multi-year fishery-independent sampling and tag-recapture programme. Results revealed a highly structured population comprised almost entirely of juveniles and adult females with individuals between 850 and 1050 mm total length effectively absent. Mature ...
Galetta Fabio - - 2013
We investigated the effect of physical activity on heart rate variability (HRV) and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in elderly subjects and the relationship between HRV and IMT. Thirty-two elderly sedentary subjects and 32 age-matched endurance athletes underwent ultrasonography of the carotid wall for measuring IMT, and 24-h ECG monitoring for ...
Lee Chin-Hwa - - 2013
In order to minimize pollution problems and to conserve limited natural resources, a hydrometallurgical procedure was developed in this study to recover the valuable resources of silicon (Si), silver (Ag) and aluminum (Al) from scrap silicon solar battery cells. In this study, several methods of leaching, crystallization, precipitation, electrolysis and ...
Kim Hee-Sun - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship among male age, strict morphology, and sperm chromatin structure and condensation. Sperm samples from a total of 100 men underwent semen analysis, and sperm chromatin structure and condensation were assessed with toluidine blue (TB) and aniline blue (AB) tests. ...
Personick Michelle L - - 2013
The direct growth of planar-twinned Au nanoparticles (NPs) in high yield remains a challenge in shape-controlled NP synthesis largely because suitable planar-twinned seeds for Au NP growth have not been identified to date. Herein we describe the use of planar-twinned Ag triangular nanoprisms as a means to dictate Au NP ...
Milić Mirjana - - 2013
A set of 18 test for assessing anthropometric characteristics and 12 tests for assessing motor abilities was used on a sample of 183 young female volleyball players (average age of 13.11 +/- 1.07 years). The main goal of this research was to determine the latent structure of biomotor status, as ...
Bello Ajediran I - - 2013
This study examined Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) among leprosy-affected elderly people at three leprosoria located in South Ghana. Seventy elderly people who have been cured of leprosy but were undergoing socio-economic rehabilitation at three selected Leprosaria in the southern part of Ghana, were involved in this study. They ...
Escoto Consuelo - - 2013
This study refers to the evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Drive for Muscularity Scale among Mexican population. The exploratory factor analysis was carried out with 369 university males (mean age = 20.93 years). A three-factor structure that explains 45.64 % of the variance was found for the scale: 31.10 % by attitudes (α = 0.87), ...
Tsampalieros Anne A Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, - - 2013
The impact of glucocorticoids (GC) on skeletal development has not been established. The objective of this study was to examine changes in volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and cortical structure over 1 year in childhood nephrotic syndrome (NS) and to identify associations with concurrent GC exposure and growth. Fifty-six NS ...
Sánchez-Niubò Albert - - 2013
AIM: This study estimates lifetime incidence trends of cannabis and cocaine use over 38 years from general population surveys of drug use (GPSDU) in Spain, taking into account changes of population age structure. DESIGN: Periodic cross-sectional studies. SETTING: Eight biennial GPSDU from 1995 to 2009 in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Interviewees aged ...
Russell Selena M - - 2013
We have utilized conditions of very low temperature (4.7 K) and very low sulfur coverage to isolate and identify Ag-S complexes that exist on the Ag(111) surface. The experimental conditions are such that the complexes form at temperatures above the temperature of observation. These complexes can be regarded as polymeric ...
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