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Butali A - - 2013
Orofacial clefts are the most common malformations of the head and neck. In Africa, orofacial clefts are underascertained, with little or no surveillance system in most parts for clefts and other birth defects. A Nigerian craniofacial anomalies study, NigeriaCRAN, was established in 2006 to support cleft research specifically for epidemiological ...
Leung Bonnie O BO Department of Chemistry, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, - - 2013
The complex formation between silver(I) and cysteine (H2Cys), penicillamine (H2Pen), and glutathione (H3Glu) in alkaline aqueous solution was examined using extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and (109)Ag NMR spectroscopic techniques. The complexes formed in 0.1 mol dm(-3) Ag(I) solutions with cysteine and penicillamine were investigated for ligand/Ag(I) (L/Ag) mole ...
Benítez Hugo A - - 2013
Insects in many species vary greatly in the expression of secondary sexual traits, resulting in sexual dimorphism, which has been proposed to be a consequence of differences in sexual selection. In this study, we analyze the occurrence of sexual shape dimorphism and the correlation between geometric body size in males ...
Chen Ying - - 2013
We apply for the first time the sample entropy (SampEn) and regularity dimension model for measuring signal complexity to quantify the structural complexity of the brain on MRI. The concept of the regularity dimension is based on the theory of chaos for studying nonlinear dynamical systems, where power laws and ...
Fávaro Carla F - - 2013
This work describes the structural elucidation of the sex pheromone of the soybean stink bug, Pallantia macunaima . The biological activity of the synthetic pheromone was demonstrated by behavioral and EAD experiments. Furthermore, the absolute configuration of the natural pheromone was determined as (6R,10S)-6,10,13-trimethyltetradecan-2-one. This is the first ketone identified ...
Shavit Amit A Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, - - 2013
At temperatures moderately below their glass transition temperature, the properties of many glass-forming materials can evolve slowly with time in a process known as physical aging whereby the thermodynamic, mechanical, and dynamic properties all drift towards their equilibrium values. In this work, we study the evolution of the thermodynamic and ...
Kenyon C - - 2013
Sexual partner homophily is the tendency of individuals to choose partners similar to themselves. The extent and nature of partner homophily influences the structure of sexual networks and hence the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In this paper, we compare homophily by ethnicity, age and educational status in representative ...
Bergman Ingvar - - 2013
The present study investigated the extent to which the effect of age on cognitive ability is predicted by individual differences in physical health. The sample consisted of 118 volunteer subjects who were healthy and ranging in age from 26 to 91. The examinations included a clinical investigation, magnetic resonance imaging ...
Aradhya Sriharsha V - - 2013
We measure simultaneously force and conductance of Ag metal point-contacts under ambient conditions at room temperature. We observe the formation of contacts with a conductance close to 1G0, the quantum of conductance, which can be attributed to a single-atom contact, similar to those formed by Au. We also find two ...
Al-Hajoj Sahal - - 2013
Data are scarce on demographical factors related to the population structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Saudi Arabia. A study was conducted on 902 clinical isolates to explore current trends in the phylogeography and associated demographical factors of tuberculosis by using spoligotyping and 24 loci based MIRU-VNTR typing. Young male patients ...
Tremblay Pascale - - 2013
The ability to perceive and produce speech undergoes important changes in late adulthood. The goal of the present study was to characterize functional and structural age-related differences in the cortical network that support speech perception and production, using magnetic resonance imaging, as well as the relationship between functional and structural ...
Gannotti Mary E - - 2013
There is a paucity of information on long-term outcomes of adults with cerebral palsy (CP) who received orthopedic interventions in childhood. Clinical effectiveness research requires assessment of outcomes that account for personal and environmental factors that may mediate the effects of treatment, in addition to body structures & function, activity, ...
Chetverikov Philipp E - - 2013
A new pentasetacine mite Loboquintus subsquamatus n. gen. & n. sp. was found living under scale-like leaves of 2-3 years old twigs of Cupressus sempervirens in Montenegro. This mite species possesses a number of morphological features (uncommon teardrop-shaped body, traits of prosoma, atypical primitive anatomy of the genital apparatus and morphological ...
McCullough Erin L EL Division of Biological Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA. - - 2013
Sexually selected ornaments and weapons are among nature's most extravagant morphologies. Both ornaments and weapons improve a male's reproductive success; yet, unlike ornaments that need only attract females, weapons must be robust and functional structures because they are frequently tested during male-male combat. Consequently, weapons are expected to be particularly ...
Chin A - - 2013
This study examined the characteristics of a blacktip reef shark Carcharhinus melanopterus population in turbid coastal habitats through a multi-year fishery-independent sampling and tag-recapture programme. Results revealed a highly structured population comprised almost entirely of juveniles and adult females with individuals between 850 and 1050 mm total length effectively absent. Mature ...
Galetta Fabio - - 2013
We investigated the effect of physical activity on heart rate variability (HRV) and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in elderly subjects and the relationship between HRV and IMT. Thirty-two elderly sedentary subjects and 32 age-matched endurance athletes underwent ultrasonography of the carotid wall for measuring IMT, and 24-h ECG monitoring for ...
Lee Chin-Hwa - - 2013
In order to minimize pollution problems and to conserve limited natural resources, a hydrometallurgical procedure was developed in this study to recover the valuable resources of silicon (Si), silver (Ag) and aluminum (Al) from scrap silicon solar battery cells. In this study, several methods of leaching, crystallization, precipitation, electrolysis and ...
Kim Hee-Sun - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship among male age, strict morphology, and sperm chromatin structure and condensation. Sperm samples from a total of 100 men underwent semen analysis, and sperm chromatin structure and condensation were assessed with toluidine blue (TB) and aniline blue (AB) tests. ...
Personick Michelle L - - 2013
The direct growth of planar-twinned Au nanoparticles (NPs) in high yield remains a challenge in shape-controlled NP synthesis largely because suitable planar-twinned seeds for Au NP growth have not been identified to date. Herein we describe the use of planar-twinned Ag triangular nanoprisms as a means to dictate Au NP ...
Milić Mirjana - - 2013
A set of 18 test for assessing anthropometric characteristics and 12 tests for assessing motor abilities was used on a sample of 183 young female volleyball players (average age of 13.11 +/- 1.07 years). The main goal of this research was to determine the latent structure of biomotor status, as ...
Bello Ajediran I - - 2013
This study examined Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) among leprosy-affected elderly people at three leprosoria located in South Ghana. Seventy elderly people who have been cured of leprosy but were undergoing socio-economic rehabilitation at three selected Leprosaria in the southern part of Ghana, were involved in this study. They ...
Escoto Consuelo - - 2013
This study refers to the evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Drive for Muscularity Scale among Mexican population. The exploratory factor analysis was carried out with 369 university males (mean age = 20.93 years). A three-factor structure that explains 45.64 % of the variance was found for the scale: 31.10 % by attitudes (α = 0.87), ...
Tsampalieros Anne A Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, - - 2013
The impact of glucocorticoids (GC) on skeletal development has not been established. The objective of this study was to examine changes in volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and cortical structure over 1 year in childhood nephrotic syndrome (NS) and to identify associations with concurrent GC exposure and growth. Fifty-six NS ...
Sánchez-Niubò Albert - - 2013
AIM: This study estimates lifetime incidence trends of cannabis and cocaine use over 38 years from general population surveys of drug use (GPSDU) in Spain, taking into account changes of population age structure. DESIGN: Periodic cross-sectional studies. SETTING: Eight biennial GPSDU from 1995 to 2009 in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Interviewees aged ...
Russell Selena M - - 2013
We have utilized conditions of very low temperature (4.7 K) and very low sulfur coverage to isolate and identify Ag-S complexes that exist on the Ag(111) surface. The experimental conditions are such that the complexes form at temperatures above the temperature of observation. These complexes can be regarded as polymeric ...
Oluboyede Yemi - - 2013
AIM: The aim of this study is to explore the dimensionality of the CASP-19-a quality-of-life measure for early old age-and to assess the stability of the item locations over time and changes in person measures. METHODS: The Rasch partial credit model was applied to the CASP-19 data obtained from Waves ...
Ito Hisatoshi - - 2013
Although the quest for Earth's oldest rock is of great importance, identifying the youngest exposed pluton on Earth is also of interest. A pluton is a body of intrusive igneous rock that crystallized from slowly cooling magma at depths of several kilometers beneath the surface of the Earth. Therefore, the ...
Ustuner E - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aim is to examine the common extensor tendon (CET) thicknesses at three locations in the normal population with ultrasound (US), to determine changes related to dominancy, age, gender, body mass index and to evaluate structural changes in normal tendons. METHODS: The study included 100 normal volunteers (200 elbows). ...
Habata Yoichi - - 2013
Seven double-armed cyclens bearing two aromatic side-arms, at the 1- and 7-positions of the cyclens, were prepared via three steps from dimethyl 2,2'-iminodiacetate. The X-ray structures of the Ag(+) complexes and Ag(+)-ion-induced (1)H NMR spectral changes suggest that the two aromatic side-arms cover the Ag(+) ions incorporated in the ligand ...
Dombrowski Stefan C - - 2013
During its development, the Woodcock-Johnson, Third Edition Cognitive (WJ-III Cognitive; McGrew & Woodcock, 2001) was never subjected to structural analysis using exploratory and higher order factor analyses. Instead, confirmatory factor analyses were conducted on separate sets of WJ-III correlation matrices, yielding a seven-factor model across all age ranges. To see ...
Mourier J - - 2013
During a survey of the population of blacktip reef shark Carcharhinus melanopterus in Moorea (French Polynesia) between 2007 and 2011, population structural characteristics were estimated from 268 individuals. Total length (L ) ranged from 48 to 139 cm and 48 to 157 cm for males and females, respectively, demonstrating that the average ...
Mandić Predrag - - 2013
Aging is one of the most complex biological processes which probably affect structure and function of the enteric nerve system. However, there is not much available information on this topic, particularly in humans. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of aging on the structure of the ...
Donohue Kathleen M KM Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, - - 2013
The potential consequences of asthma in childhood and young adulthood on lung structure in older adults have not been studied in a large, population-based cohort. The authors hypothesized that a history of asthma onset in childhood (age 18 years or before) or young adulthood (age 19-45 years) was associated with ...
Dai Kai - - 2013
In this paper, a plasmonic Ag/AgBr heterostructure was reduced by AgBr, which was successfully synthesized by a facile hydrothermal process at a temperature as low as 90 °C. The morphological and structural observation, crystallinity and optical performance of the products grown were carried out by using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray ...
Dombrowski Stefan C - - 2013
Development of the Woodcock-Johnson (3rd ed.; WJ-III; Woodcock, McGrew & Mather, 2001a) was guided in part by Carroll's (1993) 3-stratum theory of cognitive abilities and based on confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), even though Carroll used exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to derive his theory. Using CFA, McGrew and Woodcock (2001) found ...
Burkovitz Anat - - 2013
Determining which parts of the Ab are essential for Ag recognition and binding is crucial for understanding B cell-mediated immunity. Identification of fragments of Abs that maintain specificity to the Ag will also allow for the development of improved Ab-based therapy and diagnostics. In this article, we show that structural ...
Lim Poon Nian - - 2013
The long-term success of a biomaterial used during surgery may be compromised by infection. A possible effective solution is to make the biomaterial osteoconductive and antibacterial. A range of silver-substituted hydroxyapatite (AgHA) of up to 1.1 wt. % of Ag was synthesized. AgHA displayed a rod-like morphology of dimensions ∼50 ...
Dos Santos Viviane Gularte Tavares - - 2013
Sixty specimens of the "cururu" toad, Rhinella icterica (Spix 1824) (Bufonidae), were collected in Campo Belo do Sul, State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, between May 2009 and January 2011, and were examined for the presence of helminth parasites. Nine species of adult helminths were found: Catadiscus cohni, Rudolphitrema rudolphii, Cylindrotaenia ...
Danzig Allison P - - 2013
The current study examined the effects of preschool psychopathology on peer functioning around school entry. Children (N = 211) were assessed at ages 3 and 6. A semi-structured diagnostic interview, the Preschool Age Psychiatric Assessment, was administered to a parent at both time points to assess psychopathology. The peer functioning constructs examined ...
Jast John - - 2013
Three-dimensional hierarchical structure of female Sprague-Dawley rat tibia cortical bone was characterized as a function of age (3, 12, 32, 42, 60, and 72 weeks) using a high resolution micro-computed tomography. At the whole bone level, 3 week samples exhibited statistically significant differences in a mean total tissue volume, mean ...
Feng Ningdong - - 2013
The origin of the exceptionally high activity of (B, Ag)-codoped TiO2 catalysts under solar-light irradiation has been investigated by XPS and 11B solid-state NMR spectroscopy in conjunction with density functional theory (DFT) calculations. XPS experimental results demonstrated that a portion of the dopant Ag (Ag3+) ions were implanted into the ...
McBride Orla - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Population surveys report that anxiety and depressive disorders are less common in older people. It has been suggested this may be accounted for by measurement errors. We analysed 2007 English Psychiatric Morbidity Survey data to explore whether the reduced prevalences of anxiety and depression in older people might be ...
Cope Heidi H Center for Human Genetics, Duke University Medical Center, 905 S. LaSalle St., Box 3445, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2013
Myelomeningocele (MMC) commonly causes impairments in body structure and functions as well as cognitive disabilities that can have an adverse effect on adult life. Improved medical care has resulted in increased numbers of individuals with MMC surviving to adulthood, however little is known about the impact of MMC on the ...
Bolton Douglas K - - 2013
The structure and productivity of boreal forests are key components of the global carbon cycle and impact the resources and habitats available for species. With this research, we characterized the relationship between measurements of forest structure and satellite-derived estimates of gross primary production (GPP) over the Canadian boreal. We acquired ...
Bigoni Lucie - - 2013
The socioeconomic structure of an early medieval society from the Mikulčice settlement (Czech Republic) was studied on the basis of an evaluation of the fluctuating and directional asymmetry (DA) of skulls. Two distinct inhabited regions, castle and sub-castle, were compared. Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) was used as a bioindicator of environmental ...
Xu Jinxia - - 2013
TiO2-SiO2-Ag composites are fabricated by depositing TiO2 films on silica substrates embedded with Ag nanoparticles. Enhancement of light absorption of the nanostructural composites is observed. The light absorption enhancement of the synthesized structure in comparison to TiO2 originated from the near-field enhancement caused by the plasmonic effect of Ag nanoparticles, ...
Albay S - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the absence of the palmaris longus, the proportion of the lengths of tendon and muscle belly, the development of the tendon and the belly during the fetal period, look for any difference between sides and gender. Fifty-eight spontaneously aborted human fetuses (26 ...
Fernández-Juricic Esteban - - 2013
BACKGROUND: MALE AND FEMALE AVIAN BROOD PARASITES ARE SUBJECT TO DIFFERENT SELECTION PRESSURES: males compete for mates but do not provide parental care or territories and only females locate hosts to lay eggs. This sex difference may affect brain architecture in some avian brood parasites, but relatively little is known ...
Palacios Adrian G - - 2013
The Octodon degu is a native rodent species from South America, which lives in colonies with a well-structured social organization grouping of 5-10 young and 2-5 adult animals sharing a burrow system. They show a temperature-dependent diurnal-crepuscular activity pattern. In nature they rarely survive 2 yr, mostly because of predation. ...
Tijms Betty M - - 2013
Coordinated patterns of cortical morphology have been described as structural graphs and previous research has demonstrated that properties of such graphs are altered in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, it remains unknown how these alterations are related to cognitive deficits in individuals, as such graphs are restricted to group-level analysis. In ...
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