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Daegling David J - - 2013
Evidence is accumulating that bone material stiffness increases during ontogeny, and the role of elastic modulus in conditioning attributes of strength and toughness is therefore a focus of ongoing investigation. Developmental changes in structural properties of the primate mandible have been documented, but comparatively little is known about changes in ...
Wilson Benjamin - - 2013
Artificial grammars (AG) are designed to emulate aspects of the structure of language, and AG learning (AGL) paradigms can be used to study the extent of nonhuman animals' structure-learning capabilities. However, different AG structures have been used with nonhuman animals and are difficult to compare across studies and species. We ...
Dargie Emma - - 2013
Abstract Little is known about one common relationship type: long distance dating relationships (LDDRs). The purpose of this study was to investigate differences between LDDRs and geographically close relationships (GCRs) and to explore predictors of relationship quality. In total, 474 females and 243 males in LDDRs, and 314 females and ...
Rao Aparna - - 2013
Objective: The 2f2-f1 DPOAE is not as popular as the 2f1-f2 DPOAE in the clinical realm as it is not as robust. However, it does have an advantage of being a predominantly reflection emission. The reflection component has been found to be sensitive to cochlear damage. Our objective was to ...
Chen Chia-Yun - - 2013
Highly-sensitive, reliable and reproducible Raman-active substrates via a facile and organic-free method are reported. These intriguing hierarchical structures are formed through the uniform incorporation of silver (Ag) nanoflowers with aluminium (Al) micro-supporters. The underlying mechanism is systematically investigated, visualizing that the solvents used in galvanic displacement have a major effect ...
Cevikaslan Ahmet - - 2013
This study examined compulsive-like behaviors (CLBs) which are higher-order types of Repetitive Behaviors And Restricted Interests (RBRIs) in typically developing children in Turkey. Caregivers of 1,204 children between 8 and 72 months were interviewed with Childhood Routines Inventory (CRI) by trained interviewers in a cross-sectional survey. Factor analysis of the CRI ...
Beard J H - - 2013
Surgical conditions represent a significant source of global disease burden. Little is known about the epidemiology of inguinal hernia in resource-poor settings. We present a method to estimate inguinal hernia disease burden in Tanzania. Using data from the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) prospective cohort study ...
Hawkins C C Department of Physiotherapy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, - - 2013
To establish how sport, and access to an athletic identity, has been used when adjusting to a spinal cord injury. Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. Private athletic club. Eight (six males and two females) athletes from a wheelchair badminton club participated in the study. The individuals had finished rehabilitation, and ...
Gill Corey M - - 2013
The osteogenic relationship between the lateral plantar process and the peroneal tubercle has been an uncertainty for researchers over several decades. While some argue there to be no developmental relationship between these two calcaneal structures, others have suggested that there is an inverse relationship, the lateral plantar process forming from ...
Sforza Chiarella - - 2013
No current age- and gender-related normative data exist for the dimensions of facial structures in Northern Sudanese subjects. In the current study information about normal sex- and age-related linear distances is provided. The three-dimensional coordinates of 14 landmarks on the facial soft tissues were obtained using a hand-held laser scanner ...
Rogers Amelia - - 2013
The Amish culture is known for simple living, reluctance to use modern technology, and a heavy emphasis on church and family relationships. We hypothesized that the strong work ethic and social structure of the Amish would lead to improved outcome following trauma. Trauma registry was queried for all patients from ...
Romeo Rachel - - 2013
This study investigates the effect of age and gender on the internal structure, cross-category distance, and discriminability of phonemic categories for two contrasts varying in fricative place of articulation (/s/-/∫/) and stop voicing (/b/-/p/) in word-initial tokens spoken by adults and normally developing children aged 9-14 yr. Vast between- and within-talker ...
Zhang Menghua - - 2013
We report on the synthesis and characteristics of a holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal (H-PDLC) switchable grating based on nano-Ag particles. The influence of doping different concentrations of nano-Ag on the diffraction efficiency, driving voltage, and response time of the H-PDLC grating is investigated. The best grating characteristics were achieved ...
Martins Luciana Flaquer - - 2013
To determine the characteristics of facial soft tissues at rest and wide smile, and their possible relation to the facial type. We analyzed a sample of forty-eight young female adults, aged between 19.10 and 40 years old, with a mean age of 30.9 years, who had balanced profile and passive ...
Samaha Randa Radwan RR NCAC, The George Washington - - 2013
An overview NASS study of US frontal crashes was performed to investigate crash involvement, driver injury distributions and rates in airbag equipped vehicles by vehicle class and structural engagement. Frontal crash bins were based on taxonomy of structural engagement, i.e., Full Engagement, Offset, Between Rails and Corner impact crashes. A ...
Guého Ludivine - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to validate a new version of the Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) on a sample of French drivers in order to gain a better understanding of different driver behaviors, by differentiating two types of violations (aggressive and ordinary), three types of errors (dangerous, inattention and ...
Kinsella-Shaw Jeffrey M - - 2013
"Quiet standing" is standing without intended movement. To the naked eye, a person "quiet standing" on a rigid surface of support is stationary. In the laboratory quiet standing is indexed by behavior (at the millimeter scale) of the center of pressure (COP), the point location of the vertical ground reaction ...
Sargent-Cox Kerry A - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: The development of instruments to measure aging attitudes is an essential part of research into the role of individual differences in the aging process, giving clarification to the relationship between attitudes and behavior across the lifespan. Here we test the structural validity of Lasher and Faulkender's (1993) Anxiety ...
He Qinghua - - 2013
Overweight and obesity are rapidly becoming a central public health challenge around the world. Previous studies have suggested that elevated Body Mass Index (BMI) might be associated with structural changes in both gray and white matter, but this association is still not well understood. The present study aimed to investigate ...
Sundaram Venki V UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, London, UK; Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, - - 2014
To characterize retinal structure and function in achromatopsia (ACHM) in preparation for clinical trials of gene therapy. Cross-sectional study. Forty subjects with ACHM. All subjects underwent spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), microperimetry, and molecular genetic testing. Foveal structure on SD-OCT was graded into 5 distinct categories: (1) continuous inner ...
Rátkai L - - 2013
The structure of Ag-doped GeS3 glasses (0, 15, 20, 25 at.% Ag) was investigated by diffraction techniques and extended x-ray absorption fine structure measurements. Structural models were obtained by fitting the experimental datasets simultaneously by the reverse Monte Carlo simulation technique. It is observed that Ge has mostly S neighbours ...
Kumar Sachil - - 2013
Epidemiological and medicolegal, including forensic pathological, aspects of 456 cases of unnatural deaths of females aged 16 to 30 years were studied in Lucknow during the period of 1 year (May 2, 2011 to May 1, 2012). These constituted 62.5% of the total unnatural deaths autopsied from all ages in ...
Choi Won San - - 2013
Our study proposes a novel strategy for the synthesis of Ag derivatives (AgX@Ag (X = Cl and Br) or Ag nano/microtubes) using the controlled chemical reduction or electron-beam irradiation of AgX nanowires (NWs), which are formed from the controlled dewetting of a AgX thin film on colloidal particles. The size ...
de Rossi Guilherme - - 2013
Subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI) have been reported to present impaired left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in comparison with able-bodied ones. The present study investigated the effect of regular physical activity on the cardiac structure and function of SCI subjects. Fifty-eight SCI men [29 sedentary (SCI-S) and 29 athletes ...
Colitz Carmen M H - - 2013
A female South African fur seal (Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus) began having obvious clinical ophthalmologic problems by 8 weeks of age. The initial clinical sign was diffuse corneal edema, which progressed to bullae formation and ulcers; the underlying cause of corneal edema and bullous keratopathy was not identified antemortem. An ophthalmological evaluation ...
Hands Beth - - 2013
The importance of considering age and sex differences in the assessment of motor performance has been largely overlooked. This study examines the psychometric properties of the US developed McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND) using data from a longitudinal sample of 986 Australian youth at 10, 14 and 17years. A ...
Contractor Ateka A - - 2013
A substantial body of evidence documents that the frequency and intensity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are linked to such demographic variables as female sex (e.g., Kaplow et al., 2005) and age (e.g., Meiser-Stedman et al., 2008). Considerably less is known about relations between biological sex and age with ...
Yang Yu - - 2013
Although the antimicrobial capabilities of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are widely reported, their impacts on ecologically important microbial communities are not well understood. AgNPs released from consumer products will likely enter sewer systems and wastewater treatment plants, where they would encounter (and potentially upset) activated sludge (AS), a complex ecosystem containing ...
Zelić Ksenija - - 2013
It is considered that the shortage of space is the major cause of the third molar impaction. The aim of this study was to establish the frequency of insufficient lower third molar eruption space in Serbian population, to question the differences in this frequency in the subjects of different age, ...
Viveki R G - - 2013
A new trend of admitting more and more senior citizens hailing from the Indian middle class background to old age homes is being observed in recent times. The objectives of this study were to study sociodemographic dimensions and common health problems of inmates of old age homes and to know ...
Vogelsang Eric M EM University of Wisconsin, Madison, - - 2014
This study examines relationships between local-area age structure and health at older ages. We estimate random intercept models for two disability measures using four waves of data from a national panel study of 3,580 Japanese older adults. Elderly living in relatively older areas reported more difficulties with activities of daily ...
Shi Lin - - 2013
In quantifying glenoid bone loss and as a means to determine initial glenoid size, the abnormal glenoid is often compared with the contralateral normal glenoid. The assumption is that good symmetry exists between both glenoid surfaces with regard to size and shape. The purpose of this study is to critically ...
Gutteridge Adrian - - 2013
Unlike other elasmobranchs, batoids exhibit sexually dimorphic dentition. The functional implications of such dentition, however, remain understudied. For the present study ontogenetic and sexual dimorphism in tooth and jaw structure, together with the functional implications of this dimorphism, was determined in the eastern shovelnose ray, Aptychotrema rostrata (Shaw & Nodder, ...
Kunz Katrin - - 2013
Secondary sexual traits in males can extend to glandular structures that play a role during courtship and mating. In dwarf spiders (Linyphiidae, Erigoninae), glandular secondary sexual traits are particularly common. Males are characterized by cephalic modifications which produce secretions that females contact with their mouthparts during courtship and/or copulation. We ...
Dai Jun - - 2013
An Ag/ZnO microrod/Ag ultraviolet photodetector is fabricated, the ZnO microrod shows a hexagonal whispering gallery cavity structure. Upon a 325 nm ultraviolet illumination, the device shows a high sensitivity of 4 × 10(4)A/W and a high photocurrent gain of 1.5 × 10(5) at 5 V bias. Under different illumination power ...
Zöller B - - 2013
Seasonal variation in venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk in individuals with familial predisposition to VTE has not been explored. This nationwide study aimed to determine whether there are age- and sex-specific seasonal differences in risk of hospitalisation of VTE among individuals with and without a family history of VTE. The Swedish ...
Straccia Claudio - - 2013
The main aims of the present study were to examine the factor structure and the internal consistency of the factors in the French version of the Reiss Screen of Maladaptive Behavior in a French-speaking European sample. The prevalence of psychopathology and the influence of associated factors were also examined. The ...
van den Berg H - - 2013
Osteosarcoma of the cranio-facial structures and skull is rare. In children, only 5.6% of cases are localized in these areas. It is claimed that the mean age at presentation is at least 10-15 years higher than for osteosarcomas in other parts of the body. However these reports are based on ...
Li Linyang - - 2013
Using first-principle calculations, we show that germanene can attach on Ag(111) surface forming germanene/Ag superstructures via electrostatic interactions. In all the optimized superstructures, we found a kind of epitaxially grown germanene is similar to the isolated low-buckled germanene. The adsorption energy of germanene on Ag(111) surface is about -464 meV ...
Sicuro Fernando L - - 2013
The Paraguayan caiman (Caiman yacare) is the main Caimaninae species occurring in the Brazilian Pantanal Wetland. Despite the relative availability of works focused on biology and conservation of the Paraguayan caiman, almost nothing is known about its vocal structure and behavior. We recorded aggressive calls of adult caiman females guarding ...
Campbell Stefan - - 2013
Differentiating between benign occipital transients and epileptic discharges from the occipital lobes is imperative. Focal occipital spikes and sharp waves are not always associated with benign disorders. The occurrence of occipital spikes and spike and wave complexes depends on the child's age, the maturation of the occipital cortex, and the ...
Li Ye Y School of Business Administration, University of California, - - 2013
Fluid intelligence decreases with age, yet evidence about age declines in decision-making quality is mixed: Depending on the study, older adults make worse, equally good, or even better decisions than younger adults. We propose a potential explanation for this puzzle, namely that age differences in decision performance result from the ...
Goncharova Iryna - - 2013
Ag(I)-containing compounds are attractive as antibacterial and antifungal agents. The renewed interest in the application of silver(I) compounds has led to the need for detailed knowledge of the mechanism of their action. One of the possible ways is the coordination of Ag(I) to G-C pairs of DNA, where Ag(+) ions ...
Pham Thuy - - 2013
Objective: To characterize the mechanical properties of aged human anterior (AML) and posterior (PML) mitral leaflets. Materials and Methods: The AML and PML samples from explanted human hearts (n = 21, mean age of 82.62 ± 8.77 years old) were subjected to planar biaxial mechanical tests. The material stiffness, extensibility ...
Dakanalis Antonios - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the basic psychometric proprieties of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) and its measurement invariance across sex, BMI-status (normal weight/overweight), and age in a community sample of 990 Italian adults. The analysis of the dimensionality of the DEBQ using exploratory factor analysis ...
Kurby Christopher A - - 2013
ABSTRACT The perception of event structure in continuous activity is important for everyday comprehension. Although the segmentation of experience into events is a normal concomitant of perceptual processing, previous research has shown age differences in the ability to perceive structure in naturalistic activity, such as a movie of someone washing ...
Van Daele Caroline M - - 2013
Moderate to small heritability has been observed for left ventricular (LV) structure and function in genetic epidemiology and genomewide association studies. The aim of this study was to explore whether this would be mirrored in an independent association between LV structure and function and a family history (FH) of cardiovascular disease ...
Füllgrabe Christian - - 2013
To investigate if and when the ability to process temporal-fine-structure (TFS) cues deteriorates with age in adults with audiometrically normal hearing sensitivity. Using a cross-sectional design, TFS sensitivity was assessed in 102 normal-hearing adults sampled from across the entire adulthood (18-90 years), using two psychophysical tests for the assessment of ...
Guertler D - - 2013
Abstract An important step in Internet addiction research is to develop standardized instruments for assessing Internet addiction-related symptoms. The Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS) is a promising brief questionnaire. The aim of this study was to examine the factor structure of a German version of the CIUS with confirmatory factor ...
Kim Hack-Lyoung - - 2013
There has been a lack of research on further stratification of subjects who have pseudonormal pattern of mitral inflow. The study aim was to clarify 2 different groups with different diastolic function grades among these subjects using lateral tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). A total of 122 consecutive subjects showing pseudonormal ...
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