Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 2485
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Zhang Menghua - - 2013
We report on the synthesis and characteristics of a holographic polymer dispersed liquid crystal (H-PDLC) switchable grating based on nano-Ag particles. The influence of doping different concentrations of nano-Ag on the diffraction efficiency, driving voltage, and response time of the H-PDLC grating is investigated. The best grating characteristics were achieved ...
Martins Luciana Flaquer - - 2013
To determine the characteristics of facial soft tissues at rest and wide smile, and their possible relation to the facial type. We analyzed a sample of forty-eight young female adults, aged between 19.10 and 40 years old, with a mean age of 30.9 years, who had balanced profile and passive ...
Samaha Randa Radwan RR NCAC, The George Washington - - 2013
An overview NASS study of US frontal crashes was performed to investigate crash involvement, driver injury distributions and rates in airbag equipped vehicles by vehicle class and structural engagement. Frontal crash bins were based on taxonomy of structural engagement, i.e., Full Engagement, Offset, Between Rails and Corner impact crashes. A ...
Guého Ludivine - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to validate a new version of the Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) on a sample of French drivers in order to gain a better understanding of different driver behaviors, by differentiating two types of violations (aggressive and ordinary), three types of errors (dangerous, inattention and ...
Kinsella-Shaw Jeffrey M - - 2013
"Quiet standing" is standing without intended movement. To the naked eye, a person "quiet standing" on a rigid surface of support is stationary. In the laboratory quiet standing is indexed by behavior (at the millimeter scale) of the center of pressure (COP), the point location of the vertical ground reaction ...
Sargent-Cox Kerry A - - 2013
ABSTRACT Background: The development of instruments to measure aging attitudes is an essential part of research into the role of individual differences in the aging process, giving clarification to the relationship between attitudes and behavior across the lifespan. Here we test the structural validity of Lasher and Faulkender's (1993) Anxiety ...
He Qinghua - - 2013
Overweight and obesity are rapidly becoming a central public health challenge around the world. Previous studies have suggested that elevated Body Mass Index (BMI) might be associated with structural changes in both gray and white matter, but this association is still not well understood. The present study aimed to investigate ...
Sundaram Venki V UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, London, UK; Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, - - 2014
To characterize retinal structure and function in achromatopsia (ACHM) in preparation for clinical trials of gene therapy. Cross-sectional study. Forty subjects with ACHM. All subjects underwent spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), microperimetry, and molecular genetic testing. Foveal structure on SD-OCT was graded into 5 distinct categories: (1) continuous inner ...
Rátkai L - - 2013
The structure of Ag-doped GeS3 glasses (0, 15, 20, 25 at.% Ag) was investigated by diffraction techniques and extended x-ray absorption fine structure measurements. Structural models were obtained by fitting the experimental datasets simultaneously by the reverse Monte Carlo simulation technique. It is observed that Ge has mostly S neighbours ...
Kumar Sachil - - 2013
Epidemiological and medicolegal, including forensic pathological, aspects of 456 cases of unnatural deaths of females aged 16 to 30 years were studied in Lucknow during the period of 1 year (May 2, 2011 to May 1, 2012). These constituted 62.5% of the total unnatural deaths autopsied from all ages in ...
Choi Won San - - 2013
Our study proposes a novel strategy for the synthesis of Ag derivatives (AgX@Ag (X = Cl and Br) or Ag nano/microtubes) using the controlled chemical reduction or electron-beam irradiation of AgX nanowires (NWs), which are formed from the controlled dewetting of a AgX thin film on colloidal particles. The size ...
de Rossi Guilherme - - 2013
Subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI) have been reported to present impaired left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in comparison with able-bodied ones. The present study investigated the effect of regular physical activity on the cardiac structure and function of SCI subjects. Fifty-eight SCI men [29 sedentary (SCI-S) and 29 athletes ...
Colitz Carmen M H - - 2013
A female South African fur seal (Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus) began having obvious clinical ophthalmologic problems by 8 weeks of age. The initial clinical sign was diffuse corneal edema, which progressed to bullae formation and ulcers; the underlying cause of corneal edema and bullous keratopathy was not identified antemortem. An ophthalmological evaluation ...
Hands Beth - - 2013
The importance of considering age and sex differences in the assessment of motor performance has been largely overlooked. This study examines the psychometric properties of the US developed McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND) using data from a longitudinal sample of 986 Australian youth at 10, 14 and 17years. A ...
Contractor Ateka A - - 2013
A substantial body of evidence documents that the frequency and intensity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are linked to such demographic variables as female sex (e.g., Kaplow et al., 2005) and age (e.g., Meiser-Stedman et al., 2008). Considerably less is known about relations between biological sex and age with ...
Yang Yu - - 2013
Although the antimicrobial capabilities of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are widely reported, their impacts on ecologically important microbial communities are not well understood. AgNPs released from consumer products will likely enter sewer systems and wastewater treatment plants, where they would encounter (and potentially upset) activated sludge (AS), a complex ecosystem containing ...
Zelić Ksenija - - 2013
It is considered that the shortage of space is the major cause of the third molar impaction. The aim of this study was to establish the frequency of insufficient lower third molar eruption space in Serbian population, to question the differences in this frequency in the subjects of different age, ...
Viveki R G - - 2013
A new trend of admitting more and more senior citizens hailing from the Indian middle class background to old age homes is being observed in recent times. The objectives of this study were to study sociodemographic dimensions and common health problems of inmates of old age homes and to know ...
Vogelsang Eric M EM University of Wisconsin, Madison, - - 2014
This study examines relationships between local-area age structure and health at older ages. We estimate random intercept models for two disability measures using four waves of data from a national panel study of 3,580 Japanese older adults. Elderly living in relatively older areas reported more difficulties with activities of daily ...
Shi Lin - - 2013
In quantifying glenoid bone loss and as a means to determine initial glenoid size, the abnormal glenoid is often compared with the contralateral normal glenoid. The assumption is that good symmetry exists between both glenoid surfaces with regard to size and shape. The purpose of this study is to critically ...
Gutteridge Adrian - - 2013
Unlike other elasmobranchs, batoids exhibit sexually dimorphic dentition. The functional implications of such dentition, however, remain understudied. For the present study ontogenetic and sexual dimorphism in tooth and jaw structure, together with the functional implications of this dimorphism, was determined in the eastern shovelnose ray, Aptychotrema rostrata (Shaw & Nodder, ...
Kunz Katrin - - 2013
Secondary sexual traits in males can extend to glandular structures that play a role during courtship and mating. In dwarf spiders (Linyphiidae, Erigoninae), glandular secondary sexual traits are particularly common. Males are characterized by cephalic modifications which produce secretions that females contact with their mouthparts during courtship and/or copulation. We ...
Dai Jun - - 2013
An Ag/ZnO microrod/Ag ultraviolet photodetector is fabricated, the ZnO microrod shows a hexagonal whispering gallery cavity structure. Upon a 325 nm ultraviolet illumination, the device shows a high sensitivity of 4 × 10(4)A/W and a high photocurrent gain of 1.5 × 10(5) at 5 V bias. Under different illumination power ...
Zöller B - - 2013
Seasonal variation in venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk in individuals with familial predisposition to VTE has not been explored. This nationwide study aimed to determine whether there are age- and sex-specific seasonal differences in risk of hospitalisation of VTE among individuals with and without a family history of VTE. The Swedish ...
Straccia Claudio - - 2013
The main aims of the present study were to examine the factor structure and the internal consistency of the factors in the French version of the Reiss Screen of Maladaptive Behavior in a French-speaking European sample. The prevalence of psychopathology and the influence of associated factors were also examined. The ...
van den Berg H - - 2013
Osteosarcoma of the cranio-facial structures and skull is rare. In children, only 5.6% of cases are localized in these areas. It is claimed that the mean age at presentation is at least 10-15 years higher than for osteosarcomas in other parts of the body. However these reports are based on ...
Li Linyang - - 2013
Using first-principle calculations, we show that germanene can attach on Ag(111) surface forming germanene/Ag superstructures via electrostatic interactions. In all the optimized superstructures, we found a kind of epitaxially grown germanene is similar to the isolated low-buckled germanene. The adsorption energy of germanene on Ag(111) surface is about -464 meV ...
Sicuro Fernando L - - 2013
The Paraguayan caiman (Caiman yacare) is the main Caimaninae species occurring in the Brazilian Pantanal Wetland. Despite the relative availability of works focused on biology and conservation of the Paraguayan caiman, almost nothing is known about its vocal structure and behavior. We recorded aggressive calls of adult caiman females guarding ...
Campbell Stefan - - 2013
Differentiating between benign occipital transients and epileptic discharges from the occipital lobes is imperative. Focal occipital spikes and sharp waves are not always associated with benign disorders. The occurrence of occipital spikes and spike and wave complexes depends on the child's age, the maturation of the occipital cortex, and the ...
Li Ye Y School of Business Administration, University of California, - - 2013
Fluid intelligence decreases with age, yet evidence about age declines in decision-making quality is mixed: Depending on the study, older adults make worse, equally good, or even better decisions than younger adults. We propose a potential explanation for this puzzle, namely that age differences in decision performance result from the ...
Goncharova Iryna - - 2013
Ag(I)-containing compounds are attractive as antibacterial and antifungal agents. The renewed interest in the application of silver(I) compounds has led to the need for detailed knowledge of the mechanism of their action. One of the possible ways is the coordination of Ag(I) to G-C pairs of DNA, where Ag(+) ions ...
Pham Thuy - - 2013
Objective: To characterize the mechanical properties of aged human anterior (AML) and posterior (PML) mitral leaflets. Materials and Methods: The AML and PML samples from explanted human hearts (n = 21, mean age of 82.62 ± 8.77 years old) were subjected to planar biaxial mechanical tests. The material stiffness, extensibility ...
Dakanalis Antonios - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the basic psychometric proprieties of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) and its measurement invariance across sex, BMI-status (normal weight/overweight), and age in a community sample of 990 Italian adults. The analysis of the dimensionality of the DEBQ using exploratory factor analysis ...
Kurby Christopher A - - 2013
ABSTRACT The perception of event structure in continuous activity is important for everyday comprehension. Although the segmentation of experience into events is a normal concomitant of perceptual processing, previous research has shown age differences in the ability to perceive structure in naturalistic activity, such as a movie of someone washing ...
Van Daele Caroline M - - 2013
Moderate to small heritability has been observed for left ventricular (LV) structure and function in genetic epidemiology and genomewide association studies. The aim of this study was to explore whether this would be mirrored in an independent association between LV structure and function and a family history (FH) of cardiovascular disease ...
Füllgrabe Christian - - 2013
To investigate if and when the ability to process temporal-fine-structure (TFS) cues deteriorates with age in adults with audiometrically normal hearing sensitivity. Using a cross-sectional design, TFS sensitivity was assessed in 102 normal-hearing adults sampled from across the entire adulthood (18-90 years), using two psychophysical tests for the assessment of ...
Guertler D - - 2013
Abstract An important step in Internet addiction research is to develop standardized instruments for assessing Internet addiction-related symptoms. The Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS) is a promising brief questionnaire. The aim of this study was to examine the factor structure of a German version of the CIUS with confirmatory factor ...
Kim Hack-Lyoung - - 2013
There has been a lack of research on further stratification of subjects who have pseudonormal pattern of mitral inflow. The study aim was to clarify 2 different groups with different diastolic function grades among these subjects using lateral tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). A total of 122 consecutive subjects showing pseudonormal ...
Chiapponi Chiara - - 2013
Using the Pubmed database, we performed a detailed literature search for structural magnetic resonance imaging studies on patients with schizophrenia, investigating the relationship between macroscopic and microscopic structural parameters and age, to delineate an age-related trajectory. Twenty-six studies were considered for the review, from January 2000 to June 2012. Research ...
Roemmich Ryan T - - 2013
Essential tremor (ET) is a common tremor disorder affecting postural/action tremor of the upper extremities and midline. Recent research revealed a cerebellar-like deficit during tandem gait in persons with ET, though spatiotemporal variability during normal gait in ET has been relatively ignored. The first purpose of this study was to ...
Ao Hong - - 2013
The Nihewan Basin in North China has a rich source of Early Pleistocene Paleolithic sites. Here, we report a high-resolution magnetostratigraphic dating of the Shangshazui Paleolithic site that was found in the northeastern Nihewan Basin in 1972. The artifact layer is suggested to be located in the Matuyama reversed polarity ...
Amado Yulien - - 2013
Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) is a chronic, widespread skin condition, which is considered a multifactorial disease influenced, in part, by Malassezia spp. opportunistic activities, as well as various endogenous and exogenous factors. Malassezia species are lipophilic, lipid-dependent yeasts that are members of the normal mycobiota of the human skin. Their isolation ...
Zhang Weiqing - - 2013
Au@Ag core-shell nanorods with tunable end facets are obtained by coating Au bipyramids (BPs) with Ag. The resultant nanorods exhibit a pentatwinned crystal structure with tips terminated with either {110} or {111} facets. The control over the end facets is achieved by varying the capping agents and tuning the reduction ...
Salami Alireza - - 2013
Functional neuroimaging studies demonstrate age-related differences in recruitment of a large-scale attentional network during interference resolution, especially within dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC). These alterations in functional responses have been frequently observed despite equivalent task performance, suggesting age-related reallocation of neural resources, although direct evidence for ...
Chen Delphic - - 2013
In this study, bicrystals of silver (Ag) and aluminum (Al) were used to investigate the physical spatial resolution of the electron backscatter diffraction system combining a digital image correlation method. Furthermore, the effect of the accelerating voltage and probe current was investigated on the physical spatial resolution of the lateral ...
Rodriguez Gabriel E - - 2013
Temporal variation in primary producer biomass has profound effects on the structure and function of the surrounding ecological community. The giant kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) exhibits strong intra-annual variation in biomass density, which is better explained by the demographic rates of fronds than by those of whole plants. To better understand ...
Richardson Arlan A Barshop Institute for Longevity and Aging Studies, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, Texas 78229-3900, USA. - - 2013
The discovery that rapamycin increased the lifespan of mice was recognized by Science as one of the top 10 scientific breakthroughs of 2009. In addition to increasing lifespan, Neff and colleagues show that while rapamycin improves several functions/pathologies that change with age, it has little effect on the majority of ...
Stergiotou Iosifina - - 2013
To assess vascular structure and function in early and late-onset preeclampsia (PE) at the time of diagnosis. We evaluated 100 PE subdivided in 50 early and 50 late-onset cases according to gestational age at onset (below/above 34 weeks), and 100 controls paired by maternal age and gestational age at scan ...
Wang Qi - - 2013
Host-parasites interaction is a common phenomenon in nature. Diffusive coevolution might maintain stable cooperation in a fig-fig wasps system, in which the exploiter might diversify their genotype, phenotype, or behavior as a result of competition with pollinator, whereas the figs change flower syconia, fruits thickness, and syconia structure. In functionally ...
Kamler Jan F JF Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, The Recanati-Kaplan Centre, University of Oxford Tubney House, Abingdon Road, Tubney, Abingdon, OX13 5QL, - - 2013
We incorporated radio-telemetry data with genetic analysis of bat-eared foxes (Otocyon megalotis) from individuals in 32 different groups to examine relatedness and spatial organization in two populations in South Africa that differed in density, home-range sizes, and group sizes. Kin clustering occurred only for female dyads in the high-density population. ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >