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Thorpe Chavaunne T CT Institute of Bioengineering, School of Engineering and Materials Science, Queen Mary University of London, , Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, - - 2014
Some tendons, such as the human Achilles and equine superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT), act as energy stores, stretching and recoiling to increase efficiency during locomotion. Our previous observations of rotation in response to applied strain in SDFT fascicles suggest a helical structure, which may provide energy-storing tendons with a ...
Schmitt Axel K AK Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of - - 2014
A mural excavated at the Neolithic Çatalhöyük site (Central Anatolia, Turkey) has been interpreted as the oldest known map. Dating to ∼6600 BCE, it putatively depicts an explosive summit eruption of the Hasan Dağı twin-peaks volcano located ∼130 km northeast of Çatalhöyük, and a birds-eye view of a town plan ...
Sogbohossou Etotépé A EA Laboratory of Applied Ecology, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, - - 2014
Lion populations have undergone a severe decline in West Africa. As baseline for conservation management, we assessed the group structure of lions in the Pendjari Biosphere Reserve in Benin. This reserve, composed of one National Park and two Hunting Zones, is part of the WAP transboundary complex of protected areas. ...
Lahaye Stefanie E P SE Research Group Ethology, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, - - 2014
Whereas several studies have shown that experimentally increased levels of the androgenic steroid testosterone can affect female behavior, fewer studies have focused on the activational effects of exogenous testosterone on female morphology. With respect to colorful displays in birds, almost exclusively the effects of testosterone manipulation on female carotenoid-based colorations ...
Iacovino Juliette M JM Washington University in St. Louis, Psychology Department, Campus Box 1125, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, - - 2014
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with obesity, a major risk factor for a number of chronic illnesses (e.g., cardiovascular disease). We examined whether impulsivity and affective instability mediate the association between BPD pathology and body mass index (BMI). Participants were a community sample of adults ages 55-64 and their ...
Harshaw Christopher C Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of - - 2014
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a thermogenic effector abundant in most mammalian infants. For multiparous species such as rats and mice, the interscapular BAT deposit provides both an emergency "thermal blanket" and a target for nestmates seeking warmth, thereby increasing the cohesiveness of huddling groups. Sex differences in BAT regulation ...
Han Seimin S Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term changes in the pharyngeal airway dimensions after functional appliance treatment in adolescents with skeletal Class II malocclusions. Pharyngeal airway dimensions were compared between subjects with skeletal Class II malocclusions (n = 24; mean age: 11.6 ± 1.29 years) treated with a ...
Kuitunen Katja K Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland ; Department of Functional Morphology and Biomechanics, Zoological Institute, University of Kiel, Kiel, - - 2014
Numerous sex-related morphological adaptations are connected to reproductive behavior in animals. For example, females of some insect species can submerge during oviposition, which may lead to sex-related adaptations in the hydrophobicity (water-repellency) due to specialization of certain morphological structures. On the other hand, ageing can cause changes in hydrophobicity of ...
Rocha Júnior Paulo Roberto PR Faculdades Adamantinenses Integradas, Via de Acesso Francisco Bellusci, 1000, Adamantina, SP 17800-000, Brazil. - - 2014
We aimed to analyze the effect of a physical therapy protocol on unilateral vestibular hypofunction and overall balance in elderly with vertigo. The study included nine subjects, four male subjects (68.5 ± 11.09 years old) and five females (72.4 ± 7.09 years old). It was used the performance-oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA), to evaluate the balance and ...
Pleson Eryn E Centre for Health Promotion Studies, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, 3-300 Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, Avenue 11405-87, Edmonton, AL T6G 1C9, Canada. - - 2014
As the world's population ages, there is an increasing need for community environments to support physical activity and social connections for older adults. This exploratory study sought to better understand older adults' usage and perceptions of community green spaces in Taipei, Taiwan, through direct observations of seven green spaces and ...
Obata Ryo R Department of Ophthalmology, University of Tokyo School of Medicine, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, - - 2014
It has not been clarified whether early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is associated with cone photoreceptor distribution. We used adaptive optics fundus camera to examine cone photoreceptors in the macular area of aged patients and quantitatively analyzed its relationship between the presence of early AMD and cone distribution. Sixty cases ...
Sankoh Osman O INDEPTH Network, Accra, Ghana; School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Faculty of Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Vietnam; - - 2014
Crude rates such as the crude death rate are functions of both the age-specific rates and the age composition of a population. However, differences in the age structure between two populations or two time periods can result in specious differences in the corresponding crude rates making direct comparisons between populations ...
Price Tabitha T Cognitive Ethology Laboratory, German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany ; Courant Research Centre for the Evolution of Social Behaviour, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany ; Applied Behavioural Ecology and Ecosystem Research Unit, UNISA, Preller St, Pretoria, 0002 South - - 2014
The global diversity of human languages is a remarkable feature of our species, which requires a capacity for rapid vocal learning. Given that primate alarm calling systems have played an important role in the language origin debate, identifying geographic variation in primate alarm calls and understanding the underlying causal mechanisms ...
Gottlieb D D Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653, Beer Sheva, 84105 Israel ; Mitrani Department of Desert Ecology, Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Midreshet Ben-Gurion, Israel ; School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Woodland Road, Bristol, BS8 1UG - - 2014
In haplodiploid insects, males develop from unfertilized eggs; consequently, unmated females can reproduce. In a patchy, highly structured population, where brothers compete for mates and the reproductive return through sons is lower, females should minimize the number of male offspring. Consequently, unmated females are likely to have a reduced fitness ...
Kiyama Sachiko S Neuroimaging and Informatics Lab, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology Ohbu, - - 2014
Although bimanual finger coordination is known to decline with aging, it still remains unclear how exactly the neural substrates underlying the coordination differ between young and elderly adults. The present study focused on: (1) characterization of the functional connectivity within the motor association cortex which is required for successful bimanual ...
Farley Jessica H JH Wealth from Oceans Flagship, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Hobart, Tasmania, - - 2014
The demographics of the southern bluefin tuna (SBT) Thunnus maccoyii spawning stock were examined through a large-scale monitoring program of the Indonesian longline catch on the spawning ground between 1995 and 2012. The size and age structure of the spawning population has undergone significant changes since monitoring began. There has ...
Gámez-Guadix Manuel - - 2014
The first objective of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Cyberbullying Questionnaire (CBQ), an instrument for measuring the perpetration and victimization of bullying via new technologies for adolescents. The second objective was to analyze gender differences in the prevalence of cyberbullying. The study sample consisted of ...
Yadav Suryakant S International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India; - - 2014
Background: Omran's theory explains changing disease patterns over time predominantly from infectious to chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). India's epidemiological transition is characterized by dual burden of diseases. Kumar addressed low mortality and high morbidity in Kerala, which seems also to be true for India as a country in the current ...
Dominiak Patrycja P Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Parasitology, University of Gdańsk, Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308 Gdańsk, Poland; Email: - - 2014
Two new distinctive species of predaceous biting midges of the tribe Ceratopogonini are described and illustrated from the Middle East. Brachypogon freidbergi sp. nov., with a unique Y-shaped gonostylus, is recorded from Israel. We also provide the first records of Brachypogon vitiosus (Winnertz) and B. aethiopicus (Clastrier, Rioux & Descous) ...
M Osvaldo Villarreal OV Departamento de Invertebrados, Museu Nacional, UFRJ, Quinta da Boa Vista, São Cristóvão, 20.940-040, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, BRAZIL.; Email: - - 2014
A new species belonging to the schizomid genus Piaroa Villarreal, Giupponi and Tourinho, 2008 is described from north-western Venezuela. A complementary description of Piaroa guipongai Villarreal and Garcia, 2012 is provided including SEM pictures of relevant structures of both sexes. A key for males of Piaroa and Colombiazomus Armas and ...
Ovtshinnikova O G OG Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg 199034, Russia; Email: - - 2014
Unmixed colonies of larval antlions and wormlions in similar pits were found in the Xiaolongmen National Forest Park in the Taihang Shan, China. A male of Vermiophis taihangensis Yang & Chen, 1993 was reared from a larva and a morphological description of the third instar larval wormlion is presented. The ...
Shenkin Susan D SD Department of Geriatric Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom; Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Edinburgh, Scotland, United - - 2014
Hierarchical scales are useful in understanding the structure of underlying latent traits in many questionnaires. The Attitudes to Ageing Questionnaire (AAQ) explored the attitudes to ageing of older people themselves, and originally described three distinct subscales: (1) Psychosocial Loss (2) Physical Change and (3) Psychological Growth. This study aimed to ...
Valmalette Jean-Christophe JC 1] Université de Toulon, BP 20132, F-83957 La Garde Cedex, France [2] CNRS, IM2NP (UMR 7334), BP 20132, F-83957 La Garde Cedex, - - 2014
We compare the Raman scattering properties of hybrid nanostructures consisting of Ag nanoparticles (NPs) in disordered and aligned arrangements on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) as a result of chemical and photoreduction methods. In the latter case, the unique structure of the very small Ag NP (from 4 to 7 nm) chains ...
Li Shaoyuan S State Key Laboratory of Complex Nonferrous Metal Resources Clear Utilization/Silicon Metallurgy and Silicon Material Engineering Research Center of Universities in Yunnan Province, Kunming 650093, China ; Faculty of Metallurgical and Energy Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, - - 2014
In this paper, the moderately and lightly doped porous silicon nanowires (PSiNWs) were fabricated by the 'one-pot procedure' metal-assisted chemical etching (MACE) method in the HF/H2O2/AgNO3 system at room temperature. The effects of H2O2 concentration on the nanostructure of silicon nanowires (SiNWs) were investigated. The experimental results indicate that porous ...
Ye Zhen Z Institute of Entomology, College of Life Sciences, Nankai University, 94 Weijin Road, Tianjin, 300071,China; Email: - - 2014
The genus Baptista Distant, 1903, is recorded for the first time from China. Four species are treated in this paper, with B. digitata Andersen, 1989 and B. hoedli Zettel, 2004 newly recorded from China and two additional species, B. curvicornis sp. n. and B. obtusa sp. n., described as new ...
Ng Peter K L PK Tropical Marine Science Institute and Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum, National University of Singapore, Kent Ridge, Singapore 119260, Republic of Singapore.; Email: - - 2014
A new genus and new species of eumedonine crab, Cebudonus poppeorum, is described from the central Philippines. Superficially similar to Eumedonus H. Milne Edwards, 1834, Gonatonotus White, 1847, Zebrida White, 1847, Zebridonus Chia, Ng & Castro, 1995, and Tiaramedon Chia & Ng, 1998, Cebudonus n. gen. is easily characterised by ...
Zhang Junming J State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, - - 2014
Au and Ag hybrid hexagonal nanodisks were synthesized on ZnO nanorods' (0002) surface via a new two-step deposition-annealing method. The structural, compositional, as well as optical investigations were carried out systematically to find out the nanodisks' formation mechanism and optical enhancement effect. It was shown that the core-shell Au/Ag nanodisk ...
Ponirou Paraskevi P Department of Nursing University of Athens - - 2014
The consequences of demographic ageing, demographic and social-economic changes, changes in the structure of family, in the shrinkage of Welfare state, influenced the lifestyle of the older people and their social relations. The institution of Open Care Centers for the Elderly (KAPI) was created in the context of these conditions. ...
Kuriakose Sini S School of Basic and Applied Sciences, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Dwarka, New Delhi 110078, - - 2014
We report the synthesis of Ag-ZnO hybrid plasmonic nanostructures with enhanced photocatalytic activity by a facile wet-chemical method. The structural, optical, plasmonic and photocatalytic properties of the Ag-ZnO hybrid nanostructures were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), photoluminescence (PL) and UV-visible ...
DeFaveri Jacquelin J Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
Variation in age and size of mature nine-spined sticklebacks (Pungitius pungitius) within and among 16 Fennoscandian populations were assessed using skeletochronology. The average age of individuals in a given population varied from 1.7 to 4.7 years. Fish from pond populations were on average older than those from lake and marine ...
Santos Carlos D CD Department of Migration and Immuno-ecology, Max Planck Institute for Ornithology, Am Obstberg 1, Radolfzell, Germany; Departamento de Biologia, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, Campus do Bacanga, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil; Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Departamento de Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, Aveiro, - - 2014
Organized flight of homing pigeons (Columba livia) was previously shown to rely on simple leadership rules between flock mates, yet the stability of this social structuring over time and across different contexts remains unclear. We quantified the repeatability of leadership-based flock structures within a flight and across multiple flights conducted ...
- - 2014
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0094761.].
Vanhoutte Bram B Cathie Marsh Institute for Social Research, School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
Subjective well-being can be measured in different ways, depending on the conceptual perspective one adopts. Hedonic well-being, emphasising emotions and evaluation, is often contrasted with eudemonic well-being, stressing self-actualisation and autonomy. In this paper we investigate the background, structure and compatibility of empirical measures of hedonic and eudemonic well-being in ...
Masood Mohd M Centre of Studies for Community Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2013
This study sought to assess the impact of posterior cross-bite on OHRQoL in young people aged 15-25 and to determine whether the impact on higher domains of Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (physical disability, psychological disability, social disability and handicap) is a direct function of the cross-bite or mediated through the ...
Liu Xueqin X Engineering Research Center of Nano-Geomaterials of Ministry of Education, China University of Geosciences, PR China; Faculty of Material Science and Chemistry, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, PR - - 2014
CuO nanowires were grown on Cu foil via a simple cost-effective wet-chemical route in large scales and used as templates for making silver-coated CuO (CuO/Ag) core-shell nanowires. The coverage of Ag shells on CuO nanowires was controlled by varying the concentration of Ag precursor. The structure, composition, morphology and optical ...
Ilankovan V V Maxillofacial Unit, Poole Hospital NHS Trust, Poole, Dorset BH15 2JB, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2013
Ageing is a biological process that results from changes at a cellular level, particularly modification of mRNA. The face is affected by the same physiological process and results in skeletal, muscular, and cutaneous ageing; ligamentous attenuation, descent of fat, and ageing of the appendages. I describe these changes on a ...
Maruyama Yuko Y Department of Ophthalmology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
To analyze age-related morphological changes of the iridocorneal angle in normal subjects and glaucomatous cases, using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). This study involved 58 eyes of 58 open-angle glaucoma cases and 72 eyes of 72 age-matched normal-open-angle control subjects. Iridocorneal angle structures in nasal and temporal regions and ...
Kim Yonghwan Y Department of Biomaterials Science, Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577, - - 2014
The age-hardening behavior of the dental-casting Ag-20Pd-12Au-14.5Cu alloy subjected to aging treatment at around 673K is well known, and this hardening has been widely employed in various applications. To date, the age-hardening of this alloy has been explained to attribute to the precipitation of a β phase, which is a ...
Frappart Sören S URI Octogone-ECCD, Pavillon de la recherche, Université de Toulouse-Le Mirail, 31 058 Toulouse Cedex 1, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
Children's understanding of universal gravitation starts at an early age but changes until adulthood, which makes it an interesting topic for studying the development and structure of knowledge. Children's understanding of gravitation was tested for a variety of contexts and across a wide age range (5-18years, N=144). We analyzed children's ...
Tsao Yu-Chi YC Department of Chemistry, National Tsing Hua University , Hsinchu 30013, - - 2013
In this study, rhombic dodecahedral gold nanocrystals were used as cores for the generation of Au-Ag core-shell nanocrystals with cubic, truncated cubic, cuboctahedral, truncated octahedral, and octahedral structures. Gold nanocrystals were added to an aqueous mixture of cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) surfactant, AgNO3, ascorbic acid, and NaOH to form the core-shell ...
Chen Yi-Hong YH Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, No. 101, Section 2, Kuang-Fu Road, Hsinchu, 30013, - - 2013
In this work microcavity-capped colour-tuneable SMOSCs are evaluated. By adopting a microcavity-structured cathode with optical spacer layers of different thicknesses fabricated in a Ag/NPB/Ag structure, the transmission spectra of complete devices can be tuned over the entire visible-light region (400-750 nm). The fabricated semitransparent colour-tuneable solar cells show an average ...
Tatsumi Shinsui S From the Department of Neuropathology, Institute for Medical Science of Aging, Aichi Medical University, Aichi (ST, MM, YI, MY); Department of Neurology, Kyoto University, Kyoto (RT); and Department of Pathology, Brain Research Institute, Niigata University, Niigata (AK, HT), - - 2013
Argyrophilic grains are discrete punctate structures that bind to silver stains; they can be observed within the neuropil of the limbic system, particularly in the elderly. It has been reported that argyrophilic grains are more frequent in patients with corticobasal degeneration (CBD) compared with the elderly population in general. To ...
Sheehan Katie J - - 2013
The global population is becoming older and more overweight. The inter-relationship between frailty and falls is often seen in the older adult and is associated with poor health outcomes. Little is known about this relationship for those with excess body mass. This study aimed to assess the relationships between BMI, ...
Crespo Cuaresma Jesús - - 2013
The effect of changes in age structure on economic growth has been widely studied in the demography and population economics literature. The beneficial effect of changes in age structure after a decrease in fertility has become known as the "demographic dividend." In this article, we reassess the empirical evidence on ...
Schaan Barbara B GESIS - Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences, P.O. Box 12 21 55, 68072 Mannheim, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study assesses the interaction between personal education and family background during childhood on depressive symptoms in later life by applying Ross & Mirowsky's resource substitution and structural amplification theory of health and education. OLS regression models are estimated using data from the "Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in ...
Garrett Eva C - - 2013
This study investigates the vomeronasal organ in extant nocturnal strepsirhines as a model for ancestral primates. Cadaveric samples from 10 strepsirhine species, ranging from fetal to adult ages, were studied histologically. Dimensions of structures in the vomeronasal complex, such as the vomeronasal neuroepithelium (VNNE) and vomeronasal cartilage (VNC) were measured ...
Arshad Abdul Rehman - - 2013
Alkaptonuria is a rare cause of backache. A 55 years old gentleman, a retired army personal had been having pain and stiffness in the spine for the last 15 years, accompanied by bluish black discolouration of face and hands. Kyphosis and reduced movement of spine were present. Other joints were ...
Leite Marcos de Miranda Leão Mde M Programa de Pós-Gradução em Ecologia e Recursos Naturais, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil. - - 2013
The mangrove crab Ucides cordatus is an important resource of estuarine regions along the Brazilian coast. U. cordatus is distributed from Florida, U.S.A., to the coast of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The species plays an important role in processing leaf litter in the mangroves, which optimizes the processes of energy transfer ...
Daegling David J - - 2013
Evidence is accumulating that bone material stiffness increases during ontogeny, and the role of elastic modulus in conditioning attributes of strength and toughness is therefore a focus of ongoing investigation. Developmental changes in structural properties of the primate mandible have been documented, but comparatively little is known about changes in ...
Wilson Benjamin - - 2013
Artificial grammars (AG) are designed to emulate aspects of the structure of language, and AG learning (AGL) paradigms can be used to study the extent of nonhuman animals' structure-learning capabilities. However, different AG structures have been used with nonhuman animals and are difficult to compare across studies and species. We ...
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