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Results 451 - 500 of 2511
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Brophy Sinead S Swansea University, Wales, UK. Electron. - - 2012
To examine if people with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are at higher risk of acute myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke compared to those without AS. Primary care records were linked with all hospital admissions and deaths caused by MI or stroke in Wales for the years 1999-2010. The linked data were ...
Kim Nan Hee - - 2012
The aim of our study was to assess the relationship between serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) level within the normal range and incident hypertension according to drinking and obesity status in nonhypertensive individuals. We followed up 4783 normotensive adults (mean age = 44 years) who had serum GGT levels within the ...
Zheng Xi - - 2012
To investigate the prevalence, self-awareness, and treatment of hypertension in Lhasa, Tibet, a total of 1370 native Tibetan aged ≥18 years were selected, using stratified proportional sampling. The study showed that the prevalence of hypertension was 51.2%, significantly higher in men (56.0%) than in women (48.0%) (P = .004). The ...
Kotliar Konstantin E - - 2012
It was demonstrated previously that retinal pulse wave velocity (rPWV) as a measure of retinal arterial stiffness is increased in aged anamnestically healthy volunteers compared with young healthy subjects. Using novel methodology of rPWV assessment this finding was confirmed and investigated whether it might relate to the increased blood pressure ...
Lee Yu-Ji - - 2012
The temporal relationship between simple renal cysts and incident hypertension is unknown. In this study, we assessed the time-dependent relationship between simple renal cysts and incident hypertension in a cohort of healthy middle-aged men. A cohort study was conducted with data for 4516 healthy men with no evidence of hypertension ...
Shu K-H - - 2012
Kidney transplantation (KT) is associated with increased incidence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, metabolic syndrome, and posttransplant diabetes mellitus that promote the development of coronary artery calcification (CAC). The aim of the current study was to elucidate the extent of CAC and its risk factors among KT patients. A cross-sectional study was ...
Bhupatiraju Charita - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Essential hypertension is known to be associated with growth, development, and aging of humans. Telomeres are specialized nucleoprotein complexes consisting of tandem repeats of DNA sequences (TTAGGG)n that serve as protective caps of human chromosomes. Telomere length is considered as a biomarker of aging in somatic cells. In the ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2012
Aim. We sought to investigate the prevalence and correlates of severe left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in relation to age in a large cohort of essential hypertensives referred to a single outpatient hypertension clinic. Methods. A total of 3752 (mean age 53 ± 13 years, 53% men) untreated (29.5%) and treated hypertensive patients ...
Palatini P - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To examine the impact of overweight and obesity on development of target organ damage in the early stage of hypertension.SUBJECTS:Participants were 727 young-to-middle-age subjects screened for stage 1 hypertension and followed for 8 years.MEASUREMENTS:Ambulatory blood pressure (BP), albumin excretion rate and echocardiographic data were obtained at entry, every 5 years ...
Javed Fahad - - 2012
Recent studies have shown that hypertension is inversely correlated with bone mineral density (BMD) as determined by dual energy x-ray absorptiometery (DXA) in different ethnic groups. But in most published studies, either the sample size was small or the study was limited by different measurement methods. These limitations leave this ...
Chen Chang-Hung - - 2012
Introduction: Silent brain infarctions (SBI) commonly go unnoticed due to the subtlety of their neurological signs. However, there is the risk of subsequent symptomatic stroke and dementia. A better understanding of the risk factors of SBI may help accurately predict those who will require treatment. Methods: This one-year retrospective study ...
Andrade Fabíola Bof de - - 2012
The scope of this study was to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity and its association with socio-economic status in a sample of non-institutionalized elderly people from Vitória-ES, Brazil. This was a cross-sectional survey with a sample of 882 elderly people aged 60 and over. Obesity and overweight were ...
Osuji Charles U - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease risk factors have a tendency to cluster. The presence of such a cluster in an individual has been designated the metabolic syndrome (MetS). There is a paucity of reports of the prevalence of MetS in hypertensive patients in south east Nigeria. This study was undertaken to determine the ...
Lyra Rüy - - 2012
The objectives of this study are to estimate the prevalence of arterial hypertension (AH) in an adult population with a predominance of families with low education and income levels, in the hinterlands of Pernambuco, Brazil, and to analyze its association with other factors related to cardiovascular diseases (CVD). A cross-sectional ...
Doshi Shrenik R SR All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. - - 2012
Acromegaly has several cardiovascular manifestations of which cardiomyopathy (CMP) and hypertension (HTN) are important and contribute to the increased mortality associated with the disease. Both these manifestations are reversible with treatment. However, very advanced CMP with severe systolic dysfunction has low likelihood of reversal. The reversibility is higher in young ...
Merillou N - - 2012
Salt-based aging plays an important part in the realism of scenes featuring stone structures and monuments. A proposed model, based on physical behaviors and principles, replaces the simulation of complex physical formulations with ad hoc algorithms. It leads to plausible results, ultimately helping designers create aging patterns on affected objects.
Breitsameter Guilherme G Unidade de Hemodiálise do Hospital São Lucas da Pontifícia Universidade católica do rio Grande do Sul – HSL-PUC/RS; Unidade de Hemodiálise do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. guilhermebreit@ - - 2012
The quality of delivered dialysis can be measured by the Kt/V ratio, which can be calculated in various ways. To compare the Kt/V ratio obtained with the formulas of Lowrie (L) and Daugirdas (D) with the results measured by an Online Clearance Monitor (OCM). Observational, cross-sectional study of 59 patients ...
Cao Zhong-Qiang - - 2012
BackgroundThere is little information regarding the obesity epidemical situation and risk factors of childhood hypertension (HTN) in China. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of HTN/prehypertension (PHTN), as well as the associated risk factors, among adolescents in Changsha city, China.MethodsA total of 88,974 adolescents from 49 middle schools ...
Yang Song - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are produced by non-enzymatic glycation or glycoxidation of proteins, lipids and nucleic acids. The bond of AGEs and the receptor of AGE (AGER) in a pro-oxidant environment could induce immune and inflammation reaction involved in progress of microvascular disease. Accumulated evidence warrant further study ...
Curtis S L - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:IAs are found in 2.3% of adults; the mean age at detection is 52 years. Prevalence is <0.5% in young adults. Early studies suggest that 10%-50% of patients with aortic coarctation have IAs. Screening recommendations are variable. We sought to examine the prevalence of IAs through screening with ...
Pausova Zdenka - - 2012
Excess body fat deposited viscerally rather than elsewhere in the body is associated with higher risk for hypertension; this relationship is stronger in men than in women. Here we investigated whether similar sex dimorphism exists already in adolescence. A population-based sample of adolescent boys (n=237) and girls (n=262), age 12 ...
Juutilainen Auni - - 2012
We evaluated the temporary trend in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of subjects aged from 25 to 74 years between two cross-sectional population surveys in 2002 and in 2007. The mean eGFR across age-groups, the prevalences of eGFR categories, and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3-5 defined by ...
Erceg Marijan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to establish a five-year cumulative incidence of arterial hypertension (hereinafter 5-CIAH) and its dependence on initial prehypertension, body weight, age and gender "Croatian Adult Health Cohort Study (CroHort)" data collected during 2003 and 2008 for the 1383 subjects aged 18 + with initially normal ...
Wang Zhen - - 2012
We study the evolution of cooperation in evolutionary spatial games when the payoff correlates with the increasing age of players (the level of correlation is set through a single parameter, α). The demographic heterogeneous age distribution, directly affecting the outcome of the game, is thus shown to be responsible for ...
Albin Björn - - 2012
Background. Regional variations in mortality and morbidity have been shown in Europe and USA. Longitudinal studies have found increased mortality, dissimilarities in mortality pattern, and differences in utilization of healthcare between foreign- and native-born Swedes. No study has been found comparing mortality among foreign-born and native-born Swedes in relation to ...
Newman Jamie - - 2012
Background. Very little is known about older adults accessing HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa. Materials and Methods. Data were obtained from 18,839 HIV-positive adults at 10 treatment programs in Burundi, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. We compared characteristics of those aged 50+ with those aged 18-49 using chi-square ...
Jancso Z - - 2012
Background: Treatment and care of elderly patients with diabetes and hypertension means a hard task in primary care. Patients with these two components of metabolic syndrome are often overweight or obese. Although some parameters of metabolic syndrome are usually measured in a medical setting, checking body weight is usually done ...
Erceg Marijan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to explore how the association of 5-year cumulative incidence of arterial hypertension (further 5-CIAH) and education varies according to body weight, age and sex. The study was conducted on cohort of 1383 subjects aged 18+ with initially normal blood pressure (systolic < 140 mmHg ...
Yao Xiao-Ying - - 2012
Background. Evidences are accumulating that age and gender have great impact on the distribution of stroke risk factors. Such data are lacking in Chinese population. Methods. 1027 patients with first-ever ischemic stroke (IS) were recruited and divided into young adult (<50 years), middle-aged (50∼80 years), and very old (>80 years) ...
Gao Junfeng - - 2012
Using ab initio methods, we have investigated the structures and stabilities of Si(N) clusters (N ≤ 24) on Ag(111) surface as the initial stage of silicene growth. Unlike the dome-shaped graphene clusters, Si clusters prefer nearly flat structures with low buckling, more stable than directly deposition of the 3D freestanding ...
Haas Gerda-Maria - - 2012
Although childhood overweight and obesity are increasing worldwide, some countries report trends for stabilization. However, the trend for the potentially atherogenic components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children and adolescents is not well understood. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the trend of the five components ...
Mirea Oana - - 2012
Aging is associated with changes in arterial wall structure and function that exceed physiological adaptation, with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. The most consistent structural changes are luminal enlargement (dilatation), wall thickening (remodeling), and a reduction of elastic properties. Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in the functional changes ...
McAuley Paul A - - 2012
Cardiorespiratory fitness as an explanation for the obesity paradox warrants further examination. We evaluated independent and joint associations of cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity with all-cause mortality in 811 middle-aged (age, 53.3 ± 7.2 years) male never smokers without documented cardiopulmonary disease or diabetes from the Veterans Exercise Testing Study (VETS). ...
Lee Choong-Hyung - - 2012
Migrant health is becoming public health issues, as the migrant populations are increasing and their length of stay is prolonged. This study aims to analyze the differences in prevalence of chronic diseases among migrants according to length of stay and residential status. An initial population pool were 3,024 who were ...
Jafari A - - 2012
Radiographic evaluation of the third molar tooth to determine its position and degree of development is an important part in diagnosis and treatment planning, as well as in forensic dentistry procedures. The objective was to investigate the developmental stages of third molars in relation to chronologic age, gender and location ...
El-Menyar Ayman - - 2012
Low serum vitamin (vit) D levels are common even in sunny countries. We assessed the prevalence and relationship of low vit D with cardiovascular risk factors in Qatar. Data were collected retrospectively from January 2008 and November 2009. In patients who had low vi t D (< 30 ng/ml ) ...
Kesavachandran Chandrasekharan Nair - - 2012
Several studies have raised the suspicion that the body mass index (BMI) cut-off for overweight as defined by the WHO may not adequately reflect the actual overweight status. The present study looked at the relationship between BMI and body fat per cent (BF %) / health risks (hypertension and type ...
O'Dwyer Laurence - - 2012
The E4 allele of the ApoE gene has consistently been shown to be related to an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The E4 allele is also associated with functional and structural grey matter (GM) changes in healthy young, middle-aged and older subjects. Here, we assess volumes of deep grey ...
Li Ting - - 2012
The interaction of the association of dopamine genes, impulsivity and childhood trauma with substance abuse remains unclear. To clarify the impacts and the interactions of the Catechol -O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene, impulsivity and childhood trauma on the age of onset of heroin use among heroin dependent patients in China. 202 male ...
Fava Cristiano - - 2012
Renalase (gene name RNLS), a recently discovered enzyme with monoamine oxidase activity, is implicated in the degradation of catecholamines. Recent studies delineate a possible role of this enzyme in blood pressure (BP) maintenance and cardiac protection and two single nucleotide polymorphisms, RNLS rs2576178 A > G and rs2296545 C > ...
Weiss Michael - - 2012
Differences in individual male birds' singing may serve as honest indicators of male quality in male-male competition and female mate choice. This has been shown e.g. for overall song output and repertoire size in many bird species. More recently, differences in structural song characteristics such as the performance of physically ...
Ben-Tzvi Ofer - - 2012
As with many marine species, the vast majority of coral-reef fishes have a bipartite life cycle consisting of a dispersive larval stage and a benthic adult stage. While the potentially far-reaching demographic and ecological consequences of marine dispersal are widely appreciated, little is known of the structure of the larval ...
Sakai Hiroyuki - - 2012
Although low executive functioning is a risk factor for vehicle crashes among elderly drivers, the neural basis of individual differences in this cognitive ability remains largely unknown. Here we aimed to examine regional frontal gray matter volume associated with executive functioning in normal aging individuals, using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). To ...
Pieramico Valentina - - 2012
Aging is a major co-risk factor in many neurodegenerative diseases. Cognitive enrichment positively affects the structural plasticity of the aging brain. In this study, we evaluated effects of a set of structured multimodal activities (Combination Training; CT) on cognitive performances, functional connectivity, and cortical thickness of a group of healthy ...
Terada Kentaro K Department of Earth and Space Science, Osaka University ; Institute for Interdisciplinary Science (IIS), Hiroshima - - 2012
The Sensitive High Resolution Ion MicroProbe (SHRIMP) is the first ion microprobe dedicated to geological isotopic analyses, especially in-situ analyses related to the geochronology of zircon. Such a sophisticated ion probe, which can attain a high sensitivity at a high mass resolution, based on a double focusing high mass-resolution spectrometer, ...
Jensen Olga - - 2011
Jensen O, Gabre P, Sköld UM, Birkhed D. Is the use of fluoride toothpaste optimal? Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour concerning fluoride toothpaste and toothbrushing in different age groups in Sweden. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2011; 00: 000-000. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S Abstract -  Objectives:  The most effective method ...
Lundegren Nina - - 2011
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to describe the oral health in the adult population of Skåne by clinical factors with special reference to age, gender, ethnicity and education. Materials and methods. Clinical examinations were performed on 451 randomly selected individuals, 20-89 years old, living in Skåne, Sweden. ...
Murphy Timothy F - - 2011
Sex selection of children by pre-conception and post-conception techniques remains morally controversial and even illegal in some jurisdictions. Among other things, some critics fear that sex selection will distort the sex ratio, making opposite-sex relationships more difficult to secure, while other critics worry that sex selection will tilt some nations ...
Dutta S - - 2011
What is known and Objective:  ABT-594 is a non-opioid, non-NSAID analgesic. The objective of this work was to characterize the population pharmacokinetics of ABT-594 in subjects with neuropathic pain. Methods:  Efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics of ABT-594 in subjects with painful diabetic polyneuropathy were evaluated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, ...
Makris Michael P - - 2011
Allergic rhinitis and asthma share common epidemiological features and inflammatory processes. The aim of the present study was to document the influence of natural allergen exposure in exhaled NO (eNO) and in spirometric parameters of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis(SAR) and to investigate the differences among subjects with positive versus ...
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