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Results 451 - 500 of 2409
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Mor Z - - 2011
The incidence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) in Tel-Aviv district, Israel has increased since the mid-1990s. This study aimed to address behavioural attributes and identify the sources of NG infection. Of 1234 NG cases in men reported between 2000 and 2004, 379 (31%) were interviewed. Most were single, heterosexual and Israeli-born. ...
Magadum Sunil Bajarang - - 2012
Lateral proboscis is a rare craniofacial malformation characterized by a rudimentary tubular, nose-like structure located off-center from the vertical midline of the face, and occur in association with a wide spectrum of other anomalies, including heminasal aplasia spectrum,mental retardation, callosal agenesis, heminasal hypoplasia, microphthalmia, and atypical clefting syndrome. Evaluation of ...
Güler Volkan G - - 2011
This study aims to investigate the relationship between the risk for the development of osteoarthritis and Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX 2) -765G>C gene polymorphism. We included a total of 100 osteoarthritis patients (18 males, 82 females; mean age 60.4±8.4 years; range 41 to 81 years) who were treated in the Physical Therapy ...
Astrøm Anne Nordrehaug - - 2011
Abstract Objectives . This study aimed to assess the long-term effect of socio-behavioral characteristics on oral impacts on daily performances (OIDP) at age 65 and the influence on OIDP at age 65 of changes in socio-behavioral characteristics between age 50 and 65. Methods . In 1992, all 50-year-olds in two ...
Asher G W - - 2011
Reproductive failure of rising-two-year-old (R(2)) hinds and seasonal misalignment between calving and pastoral feed production are two factors limiting reproductive productivity of farmed red deer hinds in New Zealand. This study aimed to better understand processes around female puberty and breeding seasonality by describing the potential breeding season (i.e., oestrous ...
Cakur Binali - - 2011
Background Petrotympanic fissure (PTF) is a fissure in the temporal bone that runs from the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) to the tympanic cavity (TC). In PTF, the discomallear ligament (DML) connects the malleus in the tympanic cavity and the articular disc and capsule of the temporomandibular joint. PTF with the DML ...
Lemon Janine M - - 2011
Although autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect more males than females, it is not clear whether neurobehavioural correlates of ASD are equivalent across genders. This study examined gender differences in neurobehavioural functioning in boys and girls with ASD. Participants were males with ASD (n = 10), females with ASD (n = 13), typically developing males ...
Soucie J M - - 2011
Summary.  Although body adiposity and disease severity in haemophilia have been found in cross-sectional studies to be negatively associated with joint mobility, it is not clear how these two factors affect the rate of joint mobility loss over time. Over a 10-year period, repeated measures of joint range of motion ...
Khanna Dinesh - - 2011
Arthritis is the leading cause of disability in the United States. We assess the generic health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) among a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults with and without self-reported arthritis. The NHMS, a cross-sectional survey of 3,844 adults (35-89 years) administered EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D), Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI2) ...
Shepard K N - - 2011
Mouse models are increasingly contributing to our understanding of the neural genetics of sensory processing and memory. For example, strain differences have helped elucidate basic mechanisms of age-related hearing loss and auditory fear conditioning. Assessing sensory differences arising in acoustic communication contexts is also important for understanding natural audition. While ...
- - 2011
Significantly more young adults had temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD), if there was a discrepancy of more than 1 mm between centric relation and maximum intercuspation (CR-MI).
Dudash Michele R - - 2011
Controversy is ongoing regarding the importance of pollinator-mediated selection as a source of observed patterns of floral diversity. Although increasing evidence exists of pollinator-mediated selection acting on female reproductive success, there is still limited understanding of pollinator-mediated selection on floral traits via male reproductive success. Here we quantify potential selection ...
Cunningham Joan - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To examine socioeconomic disparities in arthritis among non-remote Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian adults aged 18-64. METHODS: Weighted data on self-reported arthritis and several socioeconomic measures from two nationally representative surveys conducted in 2004-2005 were analysed using logistic regression. RESULTS: Current diagnosed arthritis was more commonly reported by Indigenous than ...
Chaware Sachin - - 2011
Objectives: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among institutionalized geriatric individuals in Nashik city, Maharashtra, to assess their prosthetic status and needs. Materials and methods: The oral examination of the study subjects was carried out using Basic Oral Health Surveys, WHO 1997 criteria. Results: A total of 160 individuals were ...
Agrawal Anil - - 2011
Purpose: To assess the oral hygiene and periodontal status and analyse the influence of age, education, institutionalization, type of visit and oral health behaviour on oral hygiene and periodontal status among detainees in juvenile detention center in Udaipur city, Rajasthan, India. Materials and Methods: The total sample comprised 223 subjects ...
Cakur Binali - - 2011
There is an indisputable relationship between tooth decay and oral hygiene. Caries can only be prevented by keeping tooth decay at bay. In several prophylactic methods, brushing is the most important. Brushing efficiency is directly related to an individuals' manual dexterity. To investigate whether there were differences in oral hygiene ...
Menzel Lena - - 2011
Mesocletodes Sars, 1909a encompasses 37 species to date. Initial evidence on intraspecific variability and sexual dimorphism has been verified for 77 specimens of Mesocletodes elmari sp. n. from various deep-sea regions, and ontogenetic development has been traced for the first time. Apomorphies are a strong spinule-like pinna on the mx ...
Metzler Eric H - - 2011
Hippia packardii (Morrison) and Hippia insularis (Grote) are moved to the genus Elasmia Möschler as comb. n.Elasmia cave Metzler,sp. n. is described from New Mexico and Texas, and Elasmia mandela santaana Metzler & Knudson,ssp. n. is described from Texas and Oklahoma. A key to the species of Elasmia of southwestern ...
Chakraborty Partha - - 2011
Limited data is available from India regarding the distribution and profile of childhood obesity and hypertension. A population based cross-sectional study was conducted in the urban schools of Kolkata. Using stratified random sampling method, 979 participants were selected. Body mass index (BMI) status and blood pressure (BP) were estimated using ...
Winterton Shaun L - - 2011
The Neotropical window fly genus Heteromphrale Kröber, 1937 is revised. Two previously described species (Heteromphrale chilensis (Kröber, 1937) and Heteromphrale cyanops (Edwards, 1932)) are redescribed while a new species (Heteromphrale blancasp. n.) is described from Argentina. The male of Heteromphrale chilensis and female of Heteromphrale cyanops are described and figured ...
Engel Michael S - - 2011
A new species of Lasioglossum Curtis subgenus Dialictus Robertson (Halictinae, Halictini) is described and figured from a series of female and males collected on Sombrero Island, Anguilla; the northernmost island of the Lesser Antilles. Lasioglossum (Dialictus) sombrerensesp. n. is distinguished from its congeners and the name made available for a ...
Huang Shi - - 2011
Microbial communities inhabiting human mouth are associated with oral health and disease. Previous studies have indicated the general prevalence of adult gingivitis in China to be high. The aim of this study was to characterize in depth the oral microbiota of Chinese adults with or without gingivitis, by defining the ...
Sanghi Divya - - 2011
Body mass index (BMI) and knee osteoarthritis have a strong association, but other anthropometric measures lack such associations. To date, no study has evaluated non-obese knee osteoarthritis to negate the systemic and metabolic effects of obesity. This study examines the validity of the contention that BMI and other anthropometric measures ...
Stöckl Doris D Helmholtz Zentrum München, Institute of Epidemiology II, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany. - - 2011
The metabolic syndrome is a major public health challenge and identifies persons at risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to examine the association between age at menarche and the metabolic syndrome (IDF and NCEP ATP III classification) and its components. 1536 women aged 32 ...
Hamissi Jalaleddin - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to find out the dental caries status in six to nine years (6-9 years) old children. A total of 792 children including 396 girls and 396 boys were selected from several schools in Qazvin based on cluster sampling. Name, age, gender, address, and caries ...
Yudoh Kazuo - - 2010
Recent reports have shown that statin (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors) may have the potential to inhibit inflammatory arthritis. More recently, the idea that chondrocyte aging is closely associated with the progression of cartilage degeneration has been promulgated. Here, we demonstrate the potential of statin as protective agents against chondrocyte aging and ...
Xu Xiao - - 2010
We investigated sex-related morphological and physiological responses to enhanced UV-B radiation in the dioecious species Populus cathayana Rehd. Cuttings were subjected to two UV-B radiation regimes: ambient (4.5 kJ m(-2) day(-1)) and enhanced (12.5 kJ m(-2) day(-1)) biologically effective UV-B radiation for one growing season. Enhanced UV-B radiation was found to significantly decrease the shoot height ...
Maremmani Icro - - 2011
Over the past fifty years in the Western world the professions and activities that were once practised only by males, are now available to females, too. Affective temperaments, in line with their adaptive function, influence career choices. In general, males and females have proved to have different temperamental profiles. In ...
Chandran Swapna - - 2011
To determine whether different modalities of laryngeal examination produce differences in the assessment of the posterior glottic chink (PGC), and whether the prevalence of PGC differs by gender. The PGC has been described as a triangular laryngeal space between the posterior laryngeal wall and the vocal processes during glottic closure ...
Chelini M O M - - 2011
Nulliparous female Syrian hamsters were used to investigate the effect of two different breeding systems on the fertility of the female Syrian hamster. We hypothesized that females submitted to a harem system (HS) would deliver smaller and more female-biased litters than in a monogamic system. Ten female and 10 adult ...
Connor Richard C - - 2011
Male bottlenose dolphins in Shark Bay, Western Australia form two levels of alliances; two to three males cooperate to herd individual females and teams of greater than three males compete with other groups for females. Previous observation suggested two alliance tactics: small four to six member teams of relatives that ...
Lamatsch D K - - 2010
In a microchromosome-carrying laboratory stock of the normally all-female Amazon molly Poecilia formosa triploid individuals were obtained, all of which spontaneously developed into males. A comparison of morphology of the external and internal insemination apparatus and the gonads, sperm ploidy and behaviour, to laboratory-bred F(1) hybrids revealed that the triploid ...
El Ouezzani S - - 2011
The jerboa (Jaculus orientalis) has been described in the past as a hibernator, but no reliable data exist on the daily and seasonal rhythmicity of body temperature (T (b)). In this study, T (b) patterns were determined in different groups of jerboas (isolated males and females, castrated males and grouped ...
Kol-Maimon Hofit - - 2010
The vine mealybug (VM) females collected in Israel produce two sex pheromone compounds: lavandulyl senecioate (LS) and (S)-lavandulyl isovalerate (LI). The males display ambiguous behavior to LI: repulsion in the vineyard and attraction of laboratory-reared males. We addressed the question of individual male behavior, i.e., do males respond to both ...
Krause S - - 2010
This study aimed to quantify differences in response to stress between two strains of Syrian hamsters to evaluate the consequences of domestication in this species by measuring behavioural traits in the open-field, adrenal gland masses (ADR), and faecal and blood corticosterone concentrations (CC). We studied a laboratory (lab)- and a ...
Snowdon Charles T - - 2011
Conditioning of sexual arousal has been demonstrated in several species from fish to humans but has not been demonstrated in nonhuman primates. Controversy exists over whether nonhuman primates produce pheromones that arouse sexual behavior. Although common marmosets copulate throughout the ovarian cycle and during pregnancy, males exhibit behavioral signs of ...
Brock Olivier - - 2011
The neural mechanisms controlling sexual behavior are sexually differentiated by perinatal actions of gonadal hormones. We recently observed using female mice deficient in alpha-fetoprotein (AFP-KO) and which lack the protective actions of AFP against maternal estrogens, that exposure to prenatal estrogens completely defeminized their potential to show lordosis behavior in ...
Mastropaolo Mariano - - 2011
The fertility of hybrids from two distinct populations of Amblyomma cajennense from different ecological regions of Northern Argentina was analyzed. Two colonies of A. cajennense from El Rey National Park (RNP), Salta Province (24º41'S, 64º36'W), and Copo National Park (CNP), Santiago del Estero Province (25º55'S, 61º43'W) were established infesting rabbits ...
Piñero J C - - 2011
Ammonia-releasing substances are known to play an important role in fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) attraction to food sources, and this information has been exploited for the development of effective synthetic food-based lures and insecticidal baits. In field studies conducted in Hawaii, we examined the behavioural response of wild female oriental ...
Markovits Henry - - 2010
Research indicates that human males interact in groups, whereas females form one-on-one relationships. Whereas females excel in understanding intimate verbally-mediated social information, we hypothesized that males would be more sensitive to the spatial positions of friends within a group. In Study 1, we demonstrate that after a very brief exposure, ...
Eltz Thomas - - 2010
6,10,14-Trimethylpentadecan-2-one (Hexahydrofarnesyl acetone; HHA) previously has been found to be a major component in tibial fragrances of male orchid bees, Euglossa spp. HHA is a chiral molecule with four possible stereoisomers, (6R, 10R)-, (6R, 10S)-, (6S, 10R)-, and (6S, 10S)-6,10,14-trimethylpentadecan-2-one. In the present study, we characterized HHA extracted from Euglossa ...
Voigt Cornelia - - 2011
Castrated male quail display intense male-typical copulatory behavior in response to exogenous testosterone but ovariectomized females do not. The behavior of males is largely mediated by the central aromatization of testosterone into estradiol. The lack of behavioral response in females could result from a lower rate of aromatization. This is ...
Duval Emily H - - 2011
Though cooperative behavior has long been a focus of evolutionary biology, the proximate hormonal mechanisms underlying cooperative interactions remain poorly understood. Lance-tailed manakins (Chiroxiphia lanceolata) are tropical passerines that form long-term male-male partnerships and cooperate in paired male courtship displays. To elucidate patterns of natural hormonal variation in relation to ...
Narraway C - - 2010
Sexual selection is responsible for many of the most spectacular displays in nature, and female preference for certain males is central to much of this. However, female preference is relatively poorly understood, particularly the relative importance of a female's genes, the environment and their interaction on her preference. We investigated ...
Kongkiatkamon Suchada - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to examine gender disparities in prosthodontics by reviewing the trend of female authorship in prosthodontic journals and exploring the role of female leadership in prosthodontic organizations and Advanced Education in Prosthodontic (AEP) programs. Three journals representing the prosthodontic specialty were selected to analyze the ...
Butler Sarah M - - 2010
The number of adult male and female house flies, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae), near varying levels of (Z)-9-tricosene alone (5, 50, or 100 micdrol) or combined (50 microl) with sugar was determined using conical screened traps on a dairy in southern California. Overall, significantly more males than females were ...
Chen Fugui - - 2010
Responses of males and females to salinity were studied in order to reveal sex-specific adaptation and evolution in Populus cathayana Rehd cuttings. This dioecious tree species plays an important role in maintaining ecological stability and providing commercial raw material in southwest China. Female and male cuttings of P. cathayana were ...
Mendonça F Z - - 2010
Four substrata were offered to groups of adult Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (one male and two females) simultaneously: pure sand, a mixture of sand and shells, stones and no substratum. The results showed that males chose to dig nests in a lighter and more homogeneous substratum.
Ford Kevin R - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine whether biomechanical and neuromuscular risk factors related to abnormal movement patterns increased in females, but not males, during the adolescent growth spurt. A total of 315 subjects participated in two testing sessions approximately 1 yr apart. Male and female subjects were classified ...
Burattini Laura L Department of Biomedical, Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Polytechnic University of Marche, Ancona, Italy. - - 2010
T-wave alternans (TWA), a harbinger of sudden cardiac death, associates to a broad variety of pathologies. In a previous study, we observed the presence of unstable and low-amplitude TWA also in healthy subjects, and considered it as "physiological TWA." The possible existence of different TWA characteristics between males and female ...
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