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Results 451 - 500 of 2485
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Jancso Z - - 2012
Background: Treatment and care of elderly patients with diabetes and hypertension means a hard task in primary care. Patients with these two components of metabolic syndrome are often overweight or obese. Although some parameters of metabolic syndrome are usually measured in a medical setting, checking body weight is usually done ...
Erceg Marijan - - 2012
The aim of this study was to explore how the association of 5-year cumulative incidence of arterial hypertension (further 5-CIAH) and education varies according to body weight, age and sex. The study was conducted on cohort of 1383 subjects aged 18+ with initially normal blood pressure (systolic < 140 mmHg ...
Yao Xiao-Ying - - 2012
Background. Evidences are accumulating that age and gender have great impact on the distribution of stroke risk factors. Such data are lacking in Chinese population. Methods. 1027 patients with first-ever ischemic stroke (IS) were recruited and divided into young adult (<50 years), middle-aged (50∼80 years), and very old (>80 years) ...
Gao Junfeng - - 2012
Using ab initio methods, we have investigated the structures and stabilities of Si(N) clusters (N ≤ 24) on Ag(111) surface as the initial stage of silicene growth. Unlike the dome-shaped graphene clusters, Si clusters prefer nearly flat structures with low buckling, more stable than directly deposition of the 3D freestanding ...
Haas Gerda-Maria - - 2012
Although childhood overweight and obesity are increasing worldwide, some countries report trends for stabilization. However, the trend for the potentially atherogenic components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children and adolescents is not well understood. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze the trend of the five components ...
Mirea Oana - - 2012
Aging is associated with changes in arterial wall structure and function that exceed physiological adaptation, with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. The most consistent structural changes are luminal enlargement (dilatation), wall thickening (remodeling), and a reduction of elastic properties. Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in the functional changes ...
McAuley Paul A - - 2012
Cardiorespiratory fitness as an explanation for the obesity paradox warrants further examination. We evaluated independent and joint associations of cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity with all-cause mortality in 811 middle-aged (age, 53.3 ± 7.2 years) male never smokers without documented cardiopulmonary disease or diabetes from the Veterans Exercise Testing Study (VETS). ...
Lee Choong-Hyung - - 2012
Migrant health is becoming public health issues, as the migrant populations are increasing and their length of stay is prolonged. This study aims to analyze the differences in prevalence of chronic diseases among migrants according to length of stay and residential status. An initial population pool were 3,024 who were ...
Jafari A - - 2012
Radiographic evaluation of the third molar tooth to determine its position and degree of development is an important part in diagnosis and treatment planning, as well as in forensic dentistry procedures. The objective was to investigate the developmental stages of third molars in relation to chronologic age, gender and location ...
El-Menyar Ayman - - 2012
Low serum vitamin (vit) D levels are common even in sunny countries. We assessed the prevalence and relationship of low vit D with cardiovascular risk factors in Qatar. Data were collected retrospectively from January 2008 and November 2009. In patients who had low vi t D (< 30 ng/ml ) ...
Kesavachandran Chandrasekharan Nair - - 2012
Several studies have raised the suspicion that the body mass index (BMI) cut-off for overweight as defined by the WHO may not adequately reflect the actual overweight status. The present study looked at the relationship between BMI and body fat per cent (BF %) / health risks (hypertension and type ...
O'Dwyer Laurence - - 2012
The E4 allele of the ApoE gene has consistently been shown to be related to an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The E4 allele is also associated with functional and structural grey matter (GM) changes in healthy young, middle-aged and older subjects. Here, we assess volumes of deep grey ...
Li Ting - - 2012
The interaction of the association of dopamine genes, impulsivity and childhood trauma with substance abuse remains unclear. To clarify the impacts and the interactions of the Catechol -O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene, impulsivity and childhood trauma on the age of onset of heroin use among heroin dependent patients in China. 202 male ...
Fava Cristiano - - 2012
Renalase (gene name RNLS), a recently discovered enzyme with monoamine oxidase activity, is implicated in the degradation of catecholamines. Recent studies delineate a possible role of this enzyme in blood pressure (BP) maintenance and cardiac protection and two single nucleotide polymorphisms, RNLS rs2576178 A > G and rs2296545 C > ...
Weiss Michael - - 2012
Differences in individual male birds' singing may serve as honest indicators of male quality in male-male competition and female mate choice. This has been shown e.g. for overall song output and repertoire size in many bird species. More recently, differences in structural song characteristics such as the performance of physically ...
Ben-Tzvi Ofer - - 2012
As with many marine species, the vast majority of coral-reef fishes have a bipartite life cycle consisting of a dispersive larval stage and a benthic adult stage. While the potentially far-reaching demographic and ecological consequences of marine dispersal are widely appreciated, little is known of the structure of the larval ...
Sakai Hiroyuki - - 2012
Although low executive functioning is a risk factor for vehicle crashes among elderly drivers, the neural basis of individual differences in this cognitive ability remains largely unknown. Here we aimed to examine regional frontal gray matter volume associated with executive functioning in normal aging individuals, using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). To ...
Pieramico Valentina - - 2012
Aging is a major co-risk factor in many neurodegenerative diseases. Cognitive enrichment positively affects the structural plasticity of the aging brain. In this study, we evaluated effects of a set of structured multimodal activities (Combination Training; CT) on cognitive performances, functional connectivity, and cortical thickness of a group of healthy ...
Terada Kentaro K Department of Earth and Space Science, Osaka University ; Institute for Interdisciplinary Science (IIS), Hiroshima - - 2012
The Sensitive High Resolution Ion MicroProbe (SHRIMP) is the first ion microprobe dedicated to geological isotopic analyses, especially in-situ analyses related to the geochronology of zircon. Such a sophisticated ion probe, which can attain a high sensitivity at a high mass resolution, based on a double focusing high mass-resolution spectrometer, ...
Jensen Olga - - 2011
Jensen O, Gabre P, Sköld UM, Birkhed D. Is the use of fluoride toothpaste optimal? Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour concerning fluoride toothpaste and toothbrushing in different age groups in Sweden. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2011; 00: 000-000. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S Abstract -  Objectives:  The most effective method ...
Lundegren Nina - - 2011
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to describe the oral health in the adult population of Skåne by clinical factors with special reference to age, gender, ethnicity and education. Materials and methods. Clinical examinations were performed on 451 randomly selected individuals, 20-89 years old, living in Skåne, Sweden. ...
Murphy Timothy F - - 2011
Sex selection of children by pre-conception and post-conception techniques remains morally controversial and even illegal in some jurisdictions. Among other things, some critics fear that sex selection will distort the sex ratio, making opposite-sex relationships more difficult to secure, while other critics worry that sex selection will tilt some nations ...
Dutta S - - 2011
What is known and Objective:  ABT-594 is a non-opioid, non-NSAID analgesic. The objective of this work was to characterize the population pharmacokinetics of ABT-594 in subjects with neuropathic pain. Methods:  Efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics of ABT-594 in subjects with painful diabetic polyneuropathy were evaluated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, ...
Makris Michael P - - 2011
Allergic rhinitis and asthma share common epidemiological features and inflammatory processes. The aim of the present study was to document the influence of natural allergen exposure in exhaled NO (eNO) and in spirometric parameters of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis(SAR) and to investigate the differences among subjects with positive versus ...
Pitak-Arnnop Poramate - - 2011
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Recovery after third-molar surgery: the effects of age and sex. Phillips C, Gelesko S, Proffit WR, White RP Jr. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 2010;138(6):700.e1-8 REVIEWERS: Poramate Pitak-Arnnop, DDS, PGDipClinSc (OMS), MSc, PhD, DSc Niels Christian Pausch, MD, DMD, PhD. PURPOSE/QUESTION: To assess the effects ...
Souto Kcfl - - 2011
The aim of this study was to comparatively characterize the monthly variation and the sex ratio of Euxesta stigmatias (Loew) and Euxesta sororcula (Wiedermann) populations from a natural reserve and from a guava orchard. It was also investigated whether density and the climate factors affected the individuals' size and fluctuating ...
Okeigbemen Sunny A - - 2011
Gerodontology 2011; doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011.00466.x A preliminary assessment of the periodontal status of elderly pensioners in Benin City, Nigeria Aim:  This study was to assess the periodontal status of pensioners in Benin City and obtain baseline data. Materials and methods:  The cross-sectional descriptive study involved 250 subjects selected by systematic random ...
Fabbrocini Gabriella - - 2011
The aim of this study was to estimate the efficacy of skin needling in the treatment of the aging neck. Eight patients with aging necks were included in the study. Each patient was treated with 2 sessions of needling. The evaluation of treatment effectiveness was based on changes from baseline ...
Delmas M-C - - 2011
Most admissions for asthma are preventable. The objective of this study was to describe readmissions for asthma. We used the nationwide hospital database to identify readmissions for asthma in patients aged two to 44 years recorded in metropolitan France between 2002 and 2005. We selected patients having a main diagnosis ...
Herkrath Ana Paula Queiroz - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the relationship between parental age and the occurrence of non-syndromic oral clefts. The questions addressed if younger or older mothers and fathers have an increased risk of having a child with non-syndromic oral clefts. DATA: Data from cohort studies, case-control, cross-sectional and prevalence ...
Zeigler Cecilia C - - 2012
To test the hypothesis whether microbiota in oral biofilm is linked with obesity in adolescents we designed this cross-sectional study. Obese adolescents (n = 29) with a mean age of 14.7 years and normal weight subjects (n = 58) matched by age and gender were examined with respect to visible ...
Philbrook Nicola A - - 2011
In the last two decades, nanoparticles (NPs) have found applications in a wide variety of consumer goods. Titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) and silver (Ag) NPs are both found in cosmetics and foods, but their increasing use is of concern due to their ability to be taken up by biological systems. While ...
Efremova Kseniya O - - 2011
In goitred gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa), sexual dimorphism of larynx size and position is reminiscent of the case in humans, suggesting shared features of vocal ontogenesis in both species. This study investigates the ontogeny of nasal and oral calls in 23 (10 male and 13 female) individually identified goitred gazelles from ...
Ozawa Tsukasa - - 2011
A 38-year-old woman underwent atriopulmonary Fontan surgery at age 18 years and subsequently successfully delivered a girl by cesarean section at age 34. Her condition later deteriorated due to atrial tachyarrhythmia and progressed to New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV heart failure. Her treatment, at age 36, comprised total ...
Nzegwu M A - - 2011
We present a case of dilated alcoholic cardiomyopathy occurring in a 56-year-old Nigerian male. He admitted to taking alcoholic beverage, approximately 2-3 bottles of different brands of beer per day for about 30 years, but stopped three years ago on medical advise. He had a history of progressively worsening dyspnoea ...
Doerge Daniel R - - 2011
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an important industrial chemical used in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastic products and epoxy resin-based food can liners. The presence of BPA metabolites in urine of >90% of Americans aged 6-60 suggests ubiquitous and frequent exposure at levels largely below 1μg/kg bw/d. The current study used ...
Gosálvez Jaime - - 2011
To evaluate the relationship between duration of sexual abstinence and sperm selection on sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF). Prospective study based on normozoospermic individuals. Fertility and IVF unit and university unit for research. Two cohorts of normozoospermic individuals: 21 men (aged 25-35 years) attending a clinic and with clearly adverse female ...
Nazliel Haviye Erverdi - - 2011
Gerodontology 2011; 00; doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2011.00556.x Oral health status in a group of the elderly population residing at home Objectives:  To determine the oral health status and treatment needs of subjects aged 65 years and older residing in different districts of Ankara. Materials and methods:  A total of 1300 patients, 751 females ...
Matthews Debora C - - 2012
To examine predictors of participation and to describe the methodological considerations of conducting a two-stage population-based oral health survey. An observational, cross-sectional survey (telephone interview and clinical oral examination) of community-dwelling adults aged 45-64 and ≥65 living in Nova Scotia, Canada was conducted. The survey response rate was 21% for ...
Hesketh Therese - - 2011
Son preference remains common in countries from East Asia through South Asia to the Middle East and North Africa. Where sex selective technology and abortion are readily available, such as in China, South Korea and India, this has led to a marked excess in male births. Worst excesses are seen ...
Slade G D - - 2011
We analyzed data from the 2004-06 Australian National Survey of Adult Oral Health to investigate the paradoxical relationship of better subjective oral health in older adults compared with young or middle-aged adults. In interviews with 14,092 adults, prevalence of problems with eating or appearance was not significantly associated with age ...
Sadamori Shinsuke - - 2012
To determine the relationship between denture wearing and nutritional status in the elderly with dementia. There could be a correlation between nutrition, oral health, dietary habits, patients' satisfaction, and their socio-economic status in the elderly, and the relationship between compromised oral status and nutritional status in the elderly with dementia. ...
Albersen Maarten - - 2011
Before the 20th century, individuals often did not live beyond the reproductive years, and sexuality of the elderly was not an issue. However, in the current era it is known that as life expectancy improves, both men and women are seeking to preserve their sexuality into old age. While the ...
Yonekura Syuji - - 2011
Background: The natural history of allergic rhinitis has been examined in a few longitudinal studies. The purpose of the study was to investigate the course, development and remission of seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) over 10 successive years in middle-aged subjects. Methods: An annual questionnaire survey on allergic rhinitis symptoms combined ...
Arya Kundendu - - 2011
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children under 15 years of age and rare among persons older than 45 years of age. It is considered to result from malignant transformation of primitive mesenchymal cells. Although it has a relative predominance for head and neck region, it ...
Hilal Yildiran - - 2011
Few studies have associated anthropometric measurements and lipid profile with hypertension in adult populations and to the best of our knowledge none has been done in Turkey To relate anthropometric derivatives of overweight/obesity with hyperlipidemia status in a group of Turkish hypertensive adults. Six hundred forty nine (307 male, 342 ...
Pham Annalise N - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of oral bisphosphonate therapy for osteoporosis in women at different ages and life expectancies. DESIGN: A Markov model was used to analyze oral bisphosphonate treatment for 5 years compared to no intervention. Women at each age were divided into life expectancy quartiles: the lowest 1% ...
Schorkopf Dirk Louis P - - 2011
Male neotropical orchid bees (Euglossini) collect volatile chemicals from their environment, store them in tibial pouches, and later expose their "perfumes" during a courtship display. Here, we showed that enantiomeric selectivity plays an important role in the choice of volatiles by male Euglossa cyanura in southern Mexico, and that behavioral ...
Cardinale Massimiliano - - 2012
Bacterial communities colonize the surfaces of lichens in a biofilm-like manner. The overall structure of the bacterial communities harboured by the lichens shows similarities, in particular the dominance of not yet cultured Alphaproteobacteria. Parameters causing variation in abundance, composition and spatial organization of the lichen-associated bacterial communities are so far ...
Lees John J - - 2012
Little is known regarding the physiological consequences of the behavioural and morphological differences that result from sexual selection in birds. Male and female Svalbard rock ptarmigans (Lagopus muta hyperborea) exhibit distinctive behavioural differences during the breeding season. In particular, males continuously compete for and defend territories in order to breed ...
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