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Sirvydis, Vytautas
Investigations were carried out in 2005 at the Research Laboratory of Biological Diversity and Technologies of Vilnius Pedagogical University and on the poultry farm “Petkus”. The object of the study was chicken broilers divided into two groups (control and trial) each containing 100 day-old chickens (50 male and 50 female). ...
Sirvydis, Vytautas
The investigations were carried out in 2003–2004 at the Research Laboratory of Biological Diversity and Technologies of Vilnius Pedagogical University, and on the poultry farm “AB Vilniaus paukštynas”. The subjects of the research - Ross chicken broilers - were assigned into two groups and fed dry not granulated commercial feed ...
Benjaminse A A University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Human Movement Science, Groningen, - - 2014
Neuropsychological capabilities in athletes may be associated with a predisposition to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Assess differences between male and female athletes in jump-landing technique in relation to their neuropsychological capabilities. Experimental. Laboratory. 31 recreational athletes, free from lower extremity injuries, participated (females: n=16, age=21.0±1.71 years, mass=65.1±5.6 kg, height=174.2±68.9 ...
Zhang Yulan - - 2014
Ag nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated using N,N-Dimethyl formamide (DMF) as a solvent and reducing agent together with polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) through a solvothermal method. The position of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) band of as-prepared Ag NPs changed with the chain length of PVP and red shifted with increasing the molecular ...
Madenjian Charles P CP U. S. Geological Survey, Great Lakes Science Center, 1451 Green Road, Ann Arbor, MI, 48105, USA, - - 2014
We examined the effect of sex on mercury elimination in fish by monitoring isotope-enriched mercury concentrations in the muscle tissue of three adult female and three adult male northern pike Esox lucius, which had accumulated the isotope-enriched mercury via a whole-lake manipulation and were subsequently moved to a clean lake. ...
Clifton Mark E ME Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, FL, - - 2014
The effect of male accessory gland substances on female reproductive physiology has been previously described as "activating" egg development. However, no mechanism has been described that can explain how male mosquitoes are able to influence egg development in female mosquitoes. To investigate how male mosquitoes are able to influence ovarian ...
Langan Robert - - 2014
Trauma is usually understood as reaction to an exceptional disorganizing event. Instead, it can be recognized as the underlying fabric of everyday experience, entailing reality's fundamental unpredictability, constant change, and the inevitable erosions wrought by sickness, aging, and death. This paper draws on Ferenczi's psychoanalytic thinking to develop this view ...
Chambon Nicolas N a Aix-Marseille University, CNRS , ISM UMR 7287, Marseille , - - 2014
Abstract This study investigates the effect of running shoes' aging on mechanical and biomechanical parameters as a function of midsole materials (viscous, intermediate, elastic) and ground inclination. To this aim, heel area of the shoe (under calcaneal tuberosity) was first mechanically aged at realistic frequency and impact magnitudes based on ...
Lee Pei-Yun PY Neuro-Otology Unit, Division of Brain Sciences, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Hospital, London, United Kingdom; Department of Physical Therapy, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, - - 2014
Protective steps are essential for fall avoidance. Most studies only examined forwards stepping despite considerable bio-mechanical and visual differences between the forwards and backwards directions. We assess forward-backward differences in protective steps in a young and elderly group. Protective stepping responses were elicited by a platform moving unpredictably either forwards ...
Ficker H H Research Institute for Limnology of the University of Innsbruck, Herzog Odilostrasse 101, 5310 Mondsee, - - 2014
The probability that a fish matures at a certain age and length (the so-called probabilistic maturation reaction norm, PMRN) was analysed for a European whitefish Coregonus lavaretus species complex population living in the Austrian pre-alpine Lake Irrsee. Fish length was found to be the only relevant determinant of maturation probability, ...
Dunn Jennifer A JA Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Musculoskeletal Medicine, University of Otago; the Burwood Spinal Unit, Canterbury District Health Board; and the Burwood Academy of Independent Living (BAIL), Burwood Hospital, Christchurch, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of aging on hand function among patients with tetraplegia who had forearm tendon transfer surgery between 1982 and 1990. The study used a longitudinal cohort design that compared hand function outcomes in 2012 with those obtained 11 years earlier. A digital analyzer was used to measure ...
Bodri Daniel D Kobe Motomachi Yume Clinic, Kobe, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
A 3-year, retrospective, single-centre cohort study was conducted in a private infertility centre to determine cumulative live birth rates (LBR) per scheduled oocyte retrieval following minimal ovarian stimulation/natural-cycle IVF in unselected infertile patients. A total of 727 consecutive infertile patients were analysed who underwent 2876 (median 4) cycles with scheduled ...
Fahy Geraldine E GE Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Department of Human Evolution, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103, Leipzig, Germany; Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Department of Primatology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103, Leipzig, - - 2014
Offspring provisioning is one of the most energetically demanding aspects of reproduction for female mammals. Variation in lactation length and weaning strategies between chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), our closest living relative, and modern human societies have been reported. When and why these changes occurred is frequently debated. Our study used stable ...
Marván Ma Luisa ML Institute of Psychological Research, Universidad Veracruzana, México. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the relationships between menarcheal timing and both menarcheal experience and attitudes toward menstruation in Mexican girls. Cross-sectional survey. Sample of adolescents attending 10 different public schools. Mexican postmenarcheal adolescents, aged 11-16 years. Participants answered 1 questionnaire about menarcheal experience and another about attitudes towards menstruation. Early maturers (menarche ...
Coats Rachel O RO School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, United - - 2014
We recently found that older adults show reduced learning rates when learning a new pattern of coordinated rhythmic movement. The purpose of this study was to extend that finding by examining the performance of all ages across the lifespan from the 20 s through to the 80 s to determine ...
Brase Gary L GL Department of Psychology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, - - 2014
To the extent that sex differences are mediated by mechanisms such as sex-roles and beliefs, individual differences in these more proximate traits should account for significant portions of relevant sex differences. Differences between women and men in reactions to sexual and emotional infidelity were assessed in a large sample of ...
Liu Hui H 1] State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Complex Systems, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China 100190 [2] University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 19A Yuquan Road, Beijing, China - - 2014
The usefulness of Pt-based nanomaterials for catalysis can be greatly enhanced by coupling morphology engineering to the strategic presence of a second or even third metal. Here we demonstrate the design and preparation of stellated Ag-Pt bimetallic nanoparticles where significant activity difference between the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) and the ...
Williams Allan F AF a LLC , Bethesda , - - 2013
Abstract Teenage driver fatal crash involvement rates were calculated for 1990-2011, and referenced to rates for 25-59-year-olds. The results indicated reductions in teen crash rates coincident with the economic downturn in 2008-2009, and reductions at ages 16 and 17 reflecting the introduction graduated driver licensing (GDL), but no effects positive ...
Rooney Alan D AD Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA - - 2013
After nearly a billion years with no evidence for glaciation, ice advanced to equatorial latitudes at least twice between 717 and 635 Mya. Although the initiation mechanism of these Neoproterozoic Snowball Earth events has remained a mystery, the broad synchronicity of rifting of the supercontinent Rodinia, the emplacement of large ...
Sherwood Owen A OA 1] Ocean Sciences Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA [2] Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, - - 2013
The North Pacific subtropical gyre (NPSG) plays a major part in the export of carbon and other nutrients to the deep ocean. Primary production in the NPSG has increased in recent decades despite a reduction in nutrient supply to surface waters. It is thought that this apparent paradox can be ...
Taylor Marcus K - - 2013
Abstract Evidence points to heightened physiological arousal in response to acute stress exposure as both a prospective indicator and core characteristic of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Since females may be at higher risk of PTSD development, it is important to evaluate sex differences in acute stress reactions. This study characterized ...
Ayliffe Linda K - - 2013
Recent studies have proposed that millennial-scale reorganization of the ocean-atmosphere circulation drives increased upwelling in the Southern Ocean, leading to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels and ice age terminations. Southward migration of the global monsoon is thought to link the hemispheres during deglaciation, but vital evidence from the southern sector ...
Abdel-Mohsen A M AM Central European Institute of Technology (CEITEC), Brno University of Technology, Brno Czech Republic; Textile Research Division, National Research Center, Dokki, P.O. 12622, Giza 12522, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) have been successfully prepared with a simple and "green" chemical reduction method. Triple helical schizophyllan (SPG) was used for the first time as reducing and stabilizing agents. The effect of temperature, silver nitrate/schizophyllan concentrations, pH of the reactions medium and the reaction time were investigated. The obtained ...
Ferreux L L CEA, LIST, Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel, PC 111, Gif-sur-Yvette F-91191, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
This study focuses on two radioisotopes of silver, (108m)Ag and (110m)Ag, characterized by a complex decay scheme. Each isotope has two disintegration modes, the isomeric transition leading to the daughter isotope ((108)Ag and (110)Ag, respectively) with a short half-life. The radioactive solution was obtained by neutron activation on silver powder ...
Guedes Luana Petruccio Cabral Monteiro - - 2013
To compare ideal PaO2 with PaO2 found, ideal PaO2/FiO2 of room air with the one found, and ideal FiO2 with FiO2 found in mechanically ventilated elderly patients. Cross-sectional study that evaluated elderly mechanically ventilated patients for at least 72 hours and who underwent three subsequent blood gas analyses. The sample ...
Zazzo Antoine - - 2013
In Oman, the presence of highly productive marine environments, coupled with relatively limited land resources, have led to intense exploitation of coastal resources, but the question of the seasonality of occupation of coastal sites remains open. Our aim is to evaluate the contribution of marine resources to the diet of ...
Sparto Patrick J - - 2013
Older adults have varied postural responses during induced and voluntary lateral stepping. The purpose of the research was to quantify the occurrence of different stepping strategies during lateral step initiation in older adults and to relate the stepping responses to retrospective history of falls. Seventy community-ambulating older adults (mean age ...
Mancini Giacomo - - 2013
The present study examined the development of recognition ability and affective reactions to emotional facial expressions in a large sample of school-aged children (n = 504, ages 8-11 years of age). Specifically, the study aimed to investigate if changes in the emotion recognition ability and the affective reactions associated with ...
Awrahman Z A - - 2013
Most insects harbour a variety of maternally inherited endosymbionts, the most widespread being Wolbachia pipientis that commonly induce cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) and reduced hatching success in crosses between infected males and uninfected females. High temperature and increasing male age are known to reduce the level of CI in a variety ...
Lacherez Philippe - - 2013
To establish whether sensorimotor function and balance are associated with on-road driving performance in older adults. The performance of 270 community-living adults aged 70-88 years recruited via the electoral roll was measured on a battery of peripheral sensation, strength, flexibility, reaction time, and balance tests and on a standardized measure ...
Wang Yanrong - - 2013
A facile microwave-assisted cation-exchange reaction route has been developed to synthesize a series of MS-Ag (M = Pb, Cd, Zn) heterostructure nanotubes (HSNTs) and MS nanotubes. As a demonstration, the as-prepared PbS-Ag HSNTs exhibit significantly enhanced photocatalytic activity for degradation of Congo red and reduction of Cr(VI).
Lemarchand Claire A - - 2013
We study chemical aging in "Cooee bitumen" using molecular dynamic simulations. This model bitumen is composed of four realistic molecule types: saturated hydrocarbon, resinous oil, resin, and asphaltene. The aging reaction is modelled by the chemical reaction: "2 resins → 1 asphaltene." Molecular dynamic simulations of four bitumen compositions, obtained ...
Masvawure Tsitsi B - - 2013
Although male partner cooperation is often essential for successful use of the female condom, only a few studies have directly assessed men's experiences of using the device. We examined barriers to and facilitators of female condom use via qualitative in-depth interviews with 38 young men (18 to 28 years) in ...
Burt Nicole M - - 2013
Rib collagen of 51 juveniles and 11 adult females from the late medieval Fishergate House cemetery site (York, UK) were analyzed using nitrogen and carbon stable isotope ratio analysis to determine the weaning age for this population and to reconstruct diet. The juveniles' ages ranged from fetal to 5-6 years, ...
Dietzel R - - 2013
Objectives: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the influence of age and sex on neuromuscular function of the lower limbs using mechanography. 704 adults aged 20-85 years from Germany participated in this study. Methods: Ground reaction force and power were assessed with countermovement jumps and the chair ...
Dietzel R - - 2013
Objectives: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the influence of age and sex on neuromuscular function of the lower limbs using mechanography. 704 adults aged 20-85 years from Germany participated in this study. Methods: Ground reaction force and power were assessed with countermovement jumps and the chair ...
Aggarwal Pradeep K - - 2013
Uptake of atmospheric CO2 during sample collection and analysis, and consequent lowering of estimated ages, has rarely been considered in radiocarbon dating of groundwater. Using field and laboratory experiments, we show that atmospheric CO2 can be easily and rapidly absorbed in hyperalkaline solutions used for the extraction of dissolved inorganic ...
Nath Krishna - - 2013
Photosynthetic complexes in the thylakoid membrane of plant leaves primarily function as energy-harvesting machinery during the growth period. However, leaves undergo developmental and functional transitions along aging and, at the senescence stage, these complexes become major sources for nutrients to be remobilized to other organs such as developing seeds. Here, ...
Haydock Hannah - - 2013
This study investigated stable-isotope ratio evidence of weaning for the late Anglo-Saxon population of Raunds Furnells, Northamptonshire, UK. δ(15) N and δ(13) C values in rib collagen were obtained for individuals of different ages to assess the weaning age of infants within the population. A peak in δ(15) N values ...
Ogaya Shinya S Division of Physical Therapy, Department of Comprehensive Rehabilitation, Osaka Prefecture University ; Division of Bioengineering, Department of Mechanical Science and Bioengineering, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka - - 2013
[Purpose] Accuracy in coordinating limb movements decreases with aging. The effect of aging on the variability of cyclic movements is not well known. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of aging on seated stepping variability. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-six healthy young adults and 15 healthy elderly ...
Kumar Sunil - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the influence of menstrual cycle on auditory and visual reaction times. Method: This study was conducted on thirty, healthy, regularly menstruating female subjects who were in the age group of 18-25 years. Influence of different phases of menstrual cycle on Auditory Reaction Time (ART) and Visual Reaction ...
Liu Xiaxia - - 2013
This paper describes a simple and convenient procedure to synthesize monodisperse silver (Ag) quasi-nanospheres with size tunable in a range of 19 to 140 nm through a one-step seeded growth strategy. Acetonitrile was employed as a coordinating ligand of a Ag (I) salt in order to achieve a low concentration ...
Sato Yukie Y Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam P.O. Box 94240, 1090GE, Amsterdam, The Netherlands ; National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences 3-1-3 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8604, Japan ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Tokyo, - - 2013
Theory predicts that when individuals live in groups or colonies, male-male aggression peaks at intermediate levels of local average relatedness. Assuming that aggression is costly and directed toward nonrelatives and that competition for reproduction acts within the colony, benefits of aggressive behavior are maximized in colonies with a mix of ...
Patel Dharmistha D Department of Pharmacology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College, Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research, Tamaka, Kolar, Karnataka, - - 2013
The objective of the following study was to assess the knowledge, practice, perception and adverse reactions among hair dye users. A cross-sectional study was conducted on patients, their attenders and staff of SDUMC. A questionnaire (28) pertaining to use of hair dyes and reactions to them was administered randomly. The ...
Beschorner Kurt E - - 2013
Multifocal lens glasses (MfLs) negatively affect vision, increase falling risk and contribute to gait changes during stepping. Previous studies on the effects of MfLs on gait have focused on experienced wearers. Thus, the initial response of first-time wearers, who may face significant challenges in adapting to these glasses, is not ...
Hou Wen-Che - - 2013
Photo-biogeochemical reactions involving metal species can be a source of naturally-occurring nanoscale materials in the aquatic environment. This study demonstrates that, under simulated sunlight exposure, ionic Ag is photo-reduced in river water or synthetic natural water samples that contain natural organic matter (NOM), forming Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) that transform in ...
Jaouen Klervia - - 2013
Recent isotopic observations of animal samples indicate body accumulation of heavy zinc and light copper throughout life. This hypothesis has never been tested for humans, but the existence of a relationship between blood isotopic composition and age could be promising for age assessment methodologies. Dietary habits can also influence the ...
Masi Shelly - - 2013
In primates, the perception of bitter taste may be an essential mechanism for avoiding the ingestion of bitter, and often toxic, substances. Bitterness sensitivity varies across the different primate species and, for bitter thioure substances (e.g., phenylthiocarbamide-PTC), within species. Primates respond to bitterness by displaying aversive affective reactions, and whether ...
Birditt Kira S - - 2013
Objectives.Negative social interactions are the most frequently reported daily stressors and most detrimental for well-being, yet we know little about older adults' efforts to regulate their emotional reactions to such encounters. This study examined age differences in emotional reactions to social encounters and the implications of these reactions for daily ...
Mille Marie-Laure - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Falls leading to disability are common occurrences with advancing age. Stepping is a natural protective option for maintaining balance and preventing falls. There are directionally dependent challenges for protective stepping associated with falls among older individuals. The aim of this study was to determine the stepping response patterns evoked ...
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