Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 5190
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Shuker David M DM School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY14 7AU, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
A study in spider mites confirms predictions that males and females come into conflict over optimal sex allocation when local mate competition affects sex allocation in haplodiploid species.
Aarhus Lisa L Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Division of Mental Health, Nydalen, Oslo, - - 2014
To study the extent to which otitis media (OM) in childhood is associated with adult hearing thresholds. Furthermore, to study whether the effects of OM on adult hearing thresholds are moderated by age or noise exposure. Population-based cohort study of 32,786 participants who had their hearing tested by pure-tone audiometry ...
Glad Camilla A M CA C Glad, Department of Endocrinology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden - - 2014
Objective: To test the hypothesis that the growth hormone (GH) receptor (GHR) d3/fl polymorphism influences anthropometry and body composition in the general population. Design and Setting: The Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) reference study is a cross-sectional population-based study, randomly selected from a population registry. A sub-group of the population-based Malmö ...
Hayes R P RP Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2014
The aim of this qualitative analysis was to establish the content validity of two new patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures: Sexual Arousal, Interest, and Drive Scale (SAID) and Hypogonadism Energy Diary (HED). Four separate qualitative studies were conducted with 125 men with hypogonadism (mean age: 53 years, 85% adult onset). Study 1 ...
Park Linda S LS School of Social Work, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1350 University Ave, Madison, WI, 53706, USA, - - 2014
This paper details a study on ethnic identity in midlife, illuminating identity formation as a complex life course phenomenon. The study addresses the importance of ethnic identity in understanding the experiences of racial and ethnic Baby Boomers as both recipients of care and as caregivers to their aging parents (first ...
Janura Miroslav M a Department of Natural Sciences in Kinanthropology , Palacky University , Olomouc , Czech - - 2014
Abstract This study assesses the longitudinal changes in anthropometric and motor parameters of ski jumpers. Male ski jumpers (n = 329) at various competitive levels participated in this study. These competitors were divided into two groups by age (18 years and younger, and over 18 years), and then divided into seven even intervals within ...
Ishimaru Masami M Department of Bone and Joint Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Ehime University, - - 2014
Previous anthropometric studies have reported gender differences in distal femoral morphology. However, to date, very few studies have investigated the knee morphology of Japanese adults and possible gender differences. The purpose of this study was to examine the distal femoral morphology of Japanese patients, to characterize anatomical differences between male ...
Evetovich Tammy K TK 1Wayne State College, Wayne, NE, Deparment of Health, Human Performance, and - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of Post Activation Potentiation (PAP)-inducing activities in four separate studies examining vertical (VJP) and horizontal (HJP) jump performance, shot put performance (SPP), and sprint performance (SP), in NCAA Division II athletes. Study One: Twelve male (mean±SD, age=20.2±2.0 y, height=178.1±6.2 ...
Wimble Christopher C Center for the Study of Biological Complexity, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Va., - - 2015
This chapter will introduce a few additional network concepts, and then it will focus on the application of the material in the previous chapter to the study of systems biology of aging. In particular, we will examine how the material can be used to study aging networks in two sample ...
Dori Guy G HaEmek Medical Center, Rabin Blvd., Afula 18101, Israel; Rappaport School of Medicine, Technion- Israel Institute of Technology, Efron St., P.O.B. 9649, Bat Galim, Haifa 31096, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ejection fraction (EF) slightly declines with age in healthy control (HC) subjects. Yet, studies of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) often report EF values which are surprisingly greater than those reported for HC of the same age. The goals of this study were to: (1) compare the EF, ...
Simon Melissa A MA Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA - - 2014
We aimed to assess the representativeness of the demographic characteristics of the PINE study to the Chinese aging population in the Greater Chicago area. The PINE study is a population-based study of Chinese older adults aged 60 and over in the Greater Chicago area. In preparation of the PINE study, ...
Raina Sunil Kumar SK Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, - - 2014
A relation between literacy and dementia has been studied in past and an association has been documented. This is in spite of some studies pointing to the contrary. The current study was aimed at investigating the influence of level of literacy on dementia in a sample stratified by geography (Migrant, ...
Agnihotri G G Dr Gaurav Agnihotri, Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India; E-mail: - - 2014
Indices and ratios are effective tools for defining balanced dimensions as they compensate for extremes in sizes and do not rely on absolute measurements for establishing normal values. The present study was designed to characterize patellar morphology in the form of useful 'patellar ratios' and 'patellar indices'. The study was ...
King Nigel S NS Community Head Injury Service, The Camborne Centre , Aylesbury, Bucks , UK - - 2014
Abstract Background: Older age and female gender are known factors in the development of persisting post-concussion symptoms (PCS) after mild head injury (MHI), i.e. at 3+ months. Very few studies have examined longer-term symptoms. A recent review, however, established the importance of these variables in permanent PCS (18+ months). The ...
Gobello C C Laboratory of Reproductive Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, National University of La Plata - CONICET, La Plata, - - 2014
Insufficient knowledge has been acquired regarding the prepubertal and pubertal periods of domestic canids. Until further information becomes available, a better standardization of the definitions, a careful and complete description of experimental variables and end points is necessary to diminish experimental bias in published trials. The aim of this report ...
Lieu Christopher H - - 2014
This study addressed whether age is prognostic for overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). A total of 20,023 patients from 24 first-line clinical trials in the ARCAD (Aide et Recherche en Cancérologie Digestive) database were analyzed. Primary age effects and interactions with ...
Irzmańska Emilia E Central Institute for Labour Protection, National Research Institute, Łódź 90-133, Wierzbowa 48, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2015
The paper presents ergonomic evaluation of footwear used with three types of textile liners differing in terms of design and material composition. Two novel textile composite liners with enhanced hygienic properties were compared with a standard liner used in firefighter boots. The study involved 45 healthy firefighters from fire and ...
Oxley J J Department of Cellular Pathology, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, - - 2014
There is increasing evidence of Gleason score (GS) drift in prostatic core biopsies over the last 2 decades. The ProtecT study is a randomised controlled study and it provides an excellent cohort to study the effect of time, PSA level, perineural invasion, tumour length and age on GS. The ProtecT ...
Sudyka J J Institute of Environmental Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, - - 2014
Telomeres have recently been suggested to play important role in ageing and are considered to be a reliable ageing biomarkers. The life history theory predicts that costs of reproduction should be expressed in terms of accelerated senescence, and some empirical studies do confirm such presumption. Thus, a link between reproductive ...
Billeter Jean-Christophe JC Behavioural Biology, Centre for Behaviour and Neurosciences, PO Box 11103, University of Groningen, Groningen, 9700 CC, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Male flies put on a multimedia show during courtship involving dance, song, perfume and even vibrations; if a female likes it, she pauses to let him know. Recent studies shed new light on how development and experience contribute to neural mechanisms of female sexual receptivity.
Matsukuma Susumu S Health Care Center, Japan Self-Defense Forces Central Hospital, Tokyo 154-0001, Japan ; Department of Pathology, Japan Self-Defense Forces Central Hospital, Tokyo 154-0001, - - 2014
To delineate the characteristics of nuclear artifacts associated with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), we examined 97 gastric ESD specimens from 79 patients. In 69 of the specimens (71%), multinucleated figures and/or atypical mitotic-like figures, including tripolar-like and bizarre spindles, were found in the peripheral portions close to the marking areas. ...
Kim Jong S JS Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, Seoul, - - 2014
Intracranial atherosclerosis (ICAS) is a major cause of stroke worldwide and is more common in Asians than Caucasians. The study results from the East and West are generally similar, but notable differences exist. For example, studies from the East have reported that ICAS is associated with young age, whereas ICAS ...
Mukherjee Priyanka - - 2014
The present study investigates: (i) differences in menstrual characteristics of athlete and non-athlete adolescents; (ii) relationship between menstrual characteristics, anthropometric variables, athletic status and socioeconomic status. The present study was conducted among 159 unmarried adolescents (80 non-athletes and 79 athletes) of age 15 to 19 years. The study participants belong ...
Boyle Christina P CP Imaging Genetics Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to use a novel imaging biomarker to assess associations between physical activity (PA), body mass index (BMI), and brain structure in normal aging, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's dementia. We studied 963 participants (mean age: 74.1 ± 4.4 years) from the multisite Cardiovascular Health ...
Matos Hugo H *Pediatric Hospital, Medical Imaging Department and Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital of Coimbra, PORTUGAL. Department Chairman Prof. Dr. Filipe Caseiro-Alves. †Sciency and Technology Faculty, University Nova of Lisbon, - - 2014
The objective was to obtain a normal value for liver shear wave velocities (SWV) in healthy pediatric patients and investigate variations concerning age, gender and different approaches, depths and lobes of measurements. 150 healthy children (2months to 17years) were examined with acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) technology by an experienced ...
Snoeren Eelke M S - - 2014
Intrasexual competition for access to a female mate is believed to be unusual in wild male rats, which suggests that female choosiness could be more important. It has been shown that females spend more time with one male than with others when tested in a multiple partner paradigm. The male ...
Evenson Kelly R KR 1University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Chapel Hill, NC; 2University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Biostatistics, Chapel Hill, NC; 3Department of Family & Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA; 4Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology & Population Health, Bronx, NY; 5School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United - - 2014
This study described participant adherence to wearing the accelerometer and accelerometer performance in a cohort study of adults. From 2008-2011, 16,415 United States (US) Hispanic/Latino adults age 18-74 years enrolled in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Immediately following the baseline visit, participants wore an Actical accelerometer for one ...
Hershkovich Oded O Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel HaShomer, Israel; Medical Corps, Israeli Defense Forces, Tel HaShomer, - - 2014
Up to 40% of ankle sprains can result in chronic ankle instability (CAI). The prevalence of CAI and its association with body mass index (BMI) and height in the general young adult population has not been reported. The database records of young adults before recruitment into mandatory military service were ...
Chon Young Eun YE Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 250 Seongsanno, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, - - 2014
The controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) is a noninvasive method of assessing hepatic steatosis. We defined the normal range of CAP values in healthy subjects and evaluated the associated factors. CAP values were measured in a cohort of healthy subjects who were screened as living liver transplantation donors and those who ...
Siqueira Jb J Institute of Agricultural Science, Federal University of Vales do Jequitinhonha and Mucuri, UFVJM, Unaí, MG, - - 2014
The objective of this work was to verify that mothers classified as super precocious (M1) and precocious (M2) produce more precocious bulls than females classified as normal (M3). This study included 21 186 animals with an average age of 21.29 ± 1.77 months that underwent a breeding soundness evaluation from 1999 to 2008. Of ...
Hester P Y PY Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 - - 2014
Enriched cages, compared with conventional cages, allow egg laying strains of chickens to meet some behavioral needs, including a high motivation to perch. The objective of this study was to determine if perch availability during rearing affected perch use as adults and if perch presence affected eating and drinking in ...
Zhao Ruifu R Department of Cardiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
Deceleration capacity (DC) is a newly found predictor of mortality after myocardial infarction. Age-, gender-, and circadian rhythm-related differences in DC may limit its predictive value, which should be considered in clinical settings. DC, average heart rate, and HRV parameters, including 24 hours, awaking state (15:00-20:00) and sleeping mode (00:00-05:00) ...
Diniz Rachel D C A RD Division of EndocrinologyDiabetes and Metabolism, Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, BrazilDivision of EndocrinologyDiabetes and Metabolism, the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 East Monument Street Suite #333, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USADivision of HepatologyDivision of RadiologyFederal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, - - 2014
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is known to be associated with insulin resistance, atherosclerosis, and low serum IGF1 levels. We have described a large cohort of patients with isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) due to the c.57+1G→A mutation in the GHRH receptor gene. These subjects have increased insulin sensitivity (IS), delayed ...
Ackard Diann M DM Park Nicollet Melrose Center, St. Louis Park, Minnesota; Offices of Diann M Ackard, PhD, LP, LLC, Golden Valley, - - 2014
Eating disorders (EDs) present across a broad age range, yet little is known about the characteristics and outcome of midlife patients compared to younger patients. Among patients seeking ED treatment who were stratified by age at initial assessment (IA), this study aimed to (1) discern sociodemographic and clinical differences, (2) ...
Nakajima Yukiko Y Department of Periodontology and Endodontology, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, 770-8504, - - 2014
Advanced glycation end-products (AGE) are involved in the progression of diabetic complications. Although our previous reports show that AGE increased dental pulp calcification, AGE accumulation is also associated with inflammation. This study examined AGE-effect on the expression of inflammation factors using rat dental pulp tissues and cell cultures. Receptor for ...
Edwards Alexander W AW Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York; Iowa State University, Ames, - - 2014
The mean age of first voluntary tobacco inhalation is 12.3years (DiFranza et al., 2004). 60% of smokers start smoking before the age of 14 and 90% are dependent before reaching age 19. Females are typically more sensitive to nicotine than males yet few studies examine the effects of nicotine on ...
Bullone Michela M Université de - - 2014
Morphometric analyses of endobronchial biopsies are commonly performed in asthma research but little is known concerning the technical and physiological parameters contributing to measurement variability. We investigated factors potenially affecting biopsy size, quality, and airway smooth muscle (ASM) content in heaves, an asthma-like disease of horses. Horses with heaves in ...
Metens Thierry T Department of Radiology, Hôpital Erasme, MRI Clinics, Bruxelles, Belgium, - - 2014
To investigate how normal liver parenchyma visibility on 3 T diffusion-weighted images (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) quantification are influenced by age, gender, and iron content. Between February 2011 and April 2013, 86 patients (52 women) with normal livers who underwent respiratory-triggered abdominal 3 T DWI (b = 0, 150, 600, 1,000 s/mm(2)) were ...
Barlett Christopher C Department of Psychology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, - - 2014
The current research used meta-analysis to determine whether (a) sex differences emerged in cyber-bullying frequency, (b) if age moderated any sex effect, and (c) if any additional moderators (e.g., publication year and status, country and continent of data collection) influenced the sex effect. Theoretically, if cyber-bullying is considered a form ...
Brodie Bekka S BS Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, - - 2014
When female blow flies Lucilia sericata and Phormia regina (Diptera: Calliphoridae) oviposit in aggregations on carrion, even-aged larval offspring reportedly develop faster, and fewer are parasitized or preyed upon. The benefits of aggregated oviposition equally affect con- and heterospecific larvae sharing a resource. The benefits imply that female blow flies ...
Weiss Wiesel Talia R TR Payne Whitney Manhattan, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY, - - 2014
In older men with prostate cancer, aging is associated with reduced anxiety and increased depression. The purpose of this study was to examine the association among age, anxiety, and depression in a cohort of older adults receiving chemotherapy. This is a secondary analysis of a prospective longitudinal study investigating chemotherapy ...
Baduel Christine C The University of Queensland, National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology (Entox), Coopers Plains, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
While the literature has reported a widespread occurrence of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in marine biota, very limited studies have been dedicated to the southern hemisphere. Hepatic concentrations of nine PFAAs were analysed in 49 stranded stingrays from eastern Australia using liquid chromatograph coupled with tandem mass spectrometry and relationships with ...
Chang Ming-Ling ML Liver Research Centre and Division of Hepatology, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, - - 2014
Alterations of adipocytokine levels and clinical parameters in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are crucial for the prognosis and complications of the diseases. However, the key adipocytokines independently associated with NAFLD have not been identified, and we aimed to investigate them. This study was conducted on a consecutive series of ...
Guglielmi Giuseppe G Department of Radiology, University of Foggia, Viale Luigi Pinto 1, 71100, Foggia, Italy, - - 2014
The aim of our study was to evaluate bone quality by quantitative ultrasound (QUS) at the phalanges in 129 monozygotic twin couples, outlining the differences between growing subjects and adults. A total of 129 healthy monozygotic twin couples (42 of children under 18 years of age and 87 of adults) were ...
Han Benjamin H BH Division of Geriatric Medicine and Palliative Care, Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, 550 1st Ave, New York, NY, 10016, USA, - - 2014
Statins are the cornerstone of lipid-lowering therapy for cardiovascular disease prevention. The 2013 American College of Cardiology (ACC) and American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines represent a fundamental shift in how statins will be prescribed. The new guidelines recommend statins for nearly all older patients up to age 75 years, including ...
Adamec Ivan I University Department of Neurology, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Kišpatićeva 12, 10000, Zagreb, - - 2014
Aims of the present study were: (1) to assess the incidence of vestibular neuritis (VN) in the adult population in two cities in Croatia, (2) to identify distribution of new VN cases in the different months and seasons by years, and (3) to identify comorbidities associated with VN. This is ...
Reis Leonardo O LO Urology Division, Faculty of Medicine, Center for Life Sciences, Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas (PUC-Campinas), Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, - - 2014
To evaluate whether core length impacts biopsy accuracy and Gleason score underestimation compared to radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens. From 2010 to 2011, 8,928 cores were trans-rectal obtained from 744 consecutive patients (178 RP, 24 %), 557 by an experienced performer (>250/year) and 187 (25 %) by in-training urology residents. Prospectively analyzed variables ...
Rijnbeek Peter R PR Department of Medical Informatics, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To establish an up-to-date and comprehensive set of normal values for the clinically current measurements in the adult ECG, covering all ages for both sexes. The study population included 13,354 individuals, taken from four population studies in The Netherlands, ranging in age from 16 to 90years (55% men) and cardiologically ...
Bianco V V Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health University School of Medicine V. Buzzi Hospital, Milan, Italy - - - 2014
The aim was to study prevalence of menstrual symptoms and their presenting patterns, and to assess nutrition and behaviours correlates. The study enrolled 108 women, who were prospectively assessed for menstrual symptoms; a 212 items questionnaire about lifestyle and nutrition was administered. Diagnosis and intensity of symptoms were separately compared ...
Schulz Uwe Horst UH 1 Laboratório de Ecologia de Peixes, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Av. Unisinos, 950 CEP 93022-00, São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Differences in nest attendance between genders in seabirds may be related to morphological differences. Southern giant petrel is a dimorphic species with gender-specific foraging behavior. The objective of this study was to investigate sex-related differences in nest attendance during the breeding period of southern giant petrels by presence/absence patterns of ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >