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Blijdorp Karin K Department of Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Medicine - Section Endocrinology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Although obesity is associated with gonadal dysfunction in the general population, gonadotoxic treatment might diminish the impact of obesity in childhood cancer survivors (CCS). The aim was to evaluate whether altered body composition is associated with gonadal dysfunction in male CCS, independent of gonadotoxic cancer treatment. Three hundred fifty-one male ...
Yoshioka Tsubasa T Kyoto University, - - 2014
The two-spotted spider mite Tetranychus urticae usually lives in kin groups under common webs. Since only the first mating results in fertilisation in female T. urticae, adult males guard quiescent deutonymph females, those at the stage immediately before maturation, to ensure paternity. Therefore, the cost of precopulatory guarding time seems ...
Foong Yi Chao YC Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 23, Hobart, Tasmania, 7000, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between accelerometer-determined physical activity (PA) and adiposity in community-dwelling older adults. In addition, we were interested in comparing the extent of correlation between questionnaire and accelerometer determined PA. 636 community-dwelling older adults (66±7years) were studied. Adiposity was measured using dual-energy ...
Hadjkacem Loukil L L Unité Cibles pour le Diagnostic et la Thérapie, Centre de Biotechnologie de Sfax, Sfax, - - 2014
Obesity is associated with significant disturbance in the hormonal milieu that can affect the reproductive system. Male infertility affects approximately 6% of reproductive-aged men. It has been suggested that overweight men or men with obese body mass index (BMI) experience prolonged time to pregnancy, although the influence of male BMI ...
Lidove Olivier O Service de Médecine Interne-Rhumatologie, Hôpital de la Croix Saint Simon, 125 rue d'Avron, 75020, Paris, France, - - 2014
Acid sphingomyelinase-deficient Niemann-Pick disease (ASMD) includes the severe neuronopathic type A, the non-neuronopathic type B, and rare intermediate cases. Here we report on such an atypical type B patient who died at 31 years of age from liver failure. This male subject was first seen in a paediatric department at ...
Woo Namhyun N College of Nursing, Kyungpook National University, South - - 2014
This study aimed to determine the relationship between sarcopenia and fall-related injuries in community-dwelling older adults in Korea. The study population comprised 2848 subjects aged 65 years or older who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys during 2010-2011. Sarcopenia was considered to be present if the ...
Sharpton Suzanne R SR 1 Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA. 2 Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, CA. 3 Address correspondence to: Jennifer C. Lai, M.D., M.B.A., 513 Parnassus Avenue, S-357, Box 0538, San Francisco, CA - - 2014
The proportion of older patients awaiting liver transplantation (LT) is rising. Although increased age and LT-MELD are known to increase the risk of graft loss, no studies have explored whether there is a synergistic effect between LT-age and LT-MELD. All US adult, non-Status 1 recipients of primary deceased donor LT ...
Zhang Wei W Department of Radiology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, 139 Ziqiang Road, Shijiazhuang, 050000, Hebei, China, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore the association between fat distribution and volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) in Chinese Adults. Using a cross-sectional investigation of 867 participants including 521 women and 346 men from China, vBMD and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) or visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were measured ...
Abraham S S Laboratorio de Investigaciones Ecoetológicas de Moscas de la Fruta y sus Enemigos Naturales (LIEMEN), PROIMI, Tucumán, - - 2014
The South American fruit fly, Anastrepha fraterculus, is a complex of cryptic species composed of at least seven morphotypes. Some of them, such as the Peruvian and Brazilian 1 morphotypes (which include Argentinean populations), exhibit strong pre-copulatory isolation, yet it is possible to obtain heterotypic crosses when forcing copulation of ...
O'Brien Mauria A MA Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, - - 2014
To determine the reference interval for various venous analyte concentrations using a point-of-care (POC) analyzer in healthy, 4-84-day-old puppies and identify any age-specific variations in the values as compared with adults. A prospective cohort study. University teaching hospital. Clinically healthy dogs; 68 puppies and 30 adults. Samples were collected by ...
Low Joe J University College London, - - 2014
Chronic kidney disease stage 5 is a global health challenge in the context of population ageing across the world. The range of treatment options available to patients at all ages has increased and includes transplantation and dialysis. However, these options are often seen as inappropriate for older frailer patients who ...
Riedel Christina C Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich, Institute of Social Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Munich, - - 2014
Offspring of smoking mothers during pregnancy have a lower birth weight but have a higher chance to become overweight during childhood. We followed children longitudinally to assess the age when higher BMI z-scores became evident in the children of mothers who smoked during pregnancy, and evaluate the trajectory of changes ...
Gosk Jerzy - - 2014
Deficiency in upper limb development is a sequel of the perinatal brachial plexus palsy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of brachial plexus birth lesion on upper limb development. Forty-four patients with unilateral obstetric brachial plexus palsy underwent measurements of both upper extremities. The average age ...
Dreval Alexander V AV A Dreval, Moscow Regional Scientific Research Clinical Institute, Moscow, Russian - - 2014
Early carbohydrate metabolism disorders (ECMD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are frequently associated with acromegaly. We aimed to assess the prevalence of ECMD in patients with acromegaly and to compare the results with those in adults without acromegaly using two population-based epidemiologic surveys. We evaluated 97 patients with acromegaly in several ...
Pirkle Catherine M - - 2014
Early maternal age at first birth and elevated parity may have long-term consequences for the health of women as they age. Both are known risk factors for obstetrical complications with lifelong associated morbidities. They may also be related to diabetes and cardiovascular disease development. We examine the relationship between early ...
Shulman Elizabeth P EP Brock University, St. Catharines, ON, Canada, - - 2014
It has been proposed that high rates of risk-taking in adolescence are partly attributable to patterns of neurobiological development that promote an increase in sensation-seeking tendencies at a time when impulse control is still developing. It is not known, however, whether this pattern is the same for males and females. ...
Vogels Chantal B F CB Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University and Research centre, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, 6708 PB, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Entomopathogenic fungi have shown to be effective in biological control of both larval and adult stages of malaria mosquitoes. However, a small fraction of mosquitoes is still able to emerge after treatment with fungus during the larval stage. It remains unclear whether fitness of these adults is affected by the ...
Wesley R L RL 1 SRP-McGinley Ranch, Gordon, NE 69343, - - 2014
We conducted an experiment to determine whether early-life social learning of feeding site selection in lambs was sex-specific. Sixteen ewes and their new born lambs were used in a controlled experiment. Eight ewe-lamb pairs included a male lamb and the remaining eight a female lamb. All pairs were individually exposed ...
Waldner Cheryl L CL Departments of Large Animal Clinical Sciences (Waldner), Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, - - 2014
The primary objective of the current study was to describe micronutrient concentrations in livers collected during postmortem examination from 501 beef calves and fetuses in western Canada. The most frequently identified deficiencies based on reported ranges for aborted fetuses were magnesium, copper, and vitamin E. For stillborn, neonatal, and postnatal ...
Lloyd Jennifer T JT Doctoral Program in Gerontology, University of Maryland, Baltimore and Baltimore County, USA, - - 2014
Literature has been conflicting as to whether obesity is protective against osteoporosis. Understanding the relationship is particularly important in light of the increasing prevalence of obesity among older adults. Study results confirm a protective association between obesity and osteoporosis in a recent, nationally representative sample of US older adults. Currently, ...
Rivas M P MP Department of General Biology, Institute of Biology, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil, - - 2014
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a disease that occurs during fetal development and can lead to virilization in females or death in newborn males if not discovered early in life. Because of this there is a need to seek morphological markers in order to help diagnose the disease. In order ...
Péneau Sandrine S Research Team Nutritional Epidemiology, Center of Research in Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Paris 13, Sorbonne-Paris, Paris, France; Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, U1153, Bobigny, France; National Institute of Health and Medical Research; National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts, Bobigny, France; University of Paris 5, Sorbonne-Paris, Surveillance Unit and Nutritional Epidemiology, Bobigny, France; University of Paris 7, Sorbonne-Paris, Surveillance Unit and Nutritional Epidemiology, Bobigny, - - 2014
To examine the association between breastfeeding and adult body fatness, adjusting for nutritional intake in early childhood. Nutritional intakes of 73 healthy infants born in 1984 who participated in the 2-decade-long Longitudinal Study of Nutrition and Growth in Children (Etude Longitudinale Alimentation Nutrition Croissance des Enfants [ELANCE]) were estimated at ...
Alperin Brittany R BR Center for Brain/Mind Medicine, Division of Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, Department of Neurology, Brigham, Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
An age-related "anterior shift" in the distribution of the P3b is often reported. Temporospatial principal component analysis (PCA) was used to investigate the basis of this observation. ERPs were measured in young and old adults during a visual oddball task. PCA revealed two spatially distinct factors in both age groups, ...
Mirhosseini M A MA Department of Crop Protection, Agriculture College, Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan, Rafsanjan, - - 2014
Components of male seminal fluids are known to stimulate fecundity and fertility in females of numerous insect species and paternal effects on offspring phenotype are also known, but no studies have yet demonstrated links between male effects on female reproduction and those on progeny phenotype. In separate laboratory experiments employing ...
Ferrándiz María Luisa ML Department of Pharmacology, and IDM, University of Valencia, Av. Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, 46100 Burjasot, Valencia, - - 2014
The anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) model of osteoarthritis (OA) in young rats is widely used to study the pathogenesis of OA and possible treatment approaches. As ageing is a key factor in the progression of this condition, it is hypothesised that animals may vary in their response to ACLT ...
Bernstein Lori R LR Pregmama, LLC, Gaithersburg, MD - - 2014
Women experience a series of specific transitions in their reproductive function with age. Shortening of the menstrual cycle begins in the mid to late 30s, and is regarded as the first sign of reproductive aging. Other early changes include elevation and increased variance of serum FSH levels, increased incidences of ...
Singh-Manoux Archana A INSERM, U1018, Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, Hôpital Paul Brousse Villejuif Cedex, France; Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK; Centre de Gérontologie, Hôpital Ste Périne, AP-HP, Paris, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
We examined the effect of salivary cortisol on cognitive performance and decline in 3229 adults (79% men), mean age 61 years. Six saliva samples over the day along with a cognition test battery were administered twice in 5 years. In fully-adjusted cross-sectional analyses from 2002 to 2004, higher waking cortisol was associated ...
Meakin L B LB School of Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford, Bristol, BS40 5DU, - - 2014
Bones adjust their mass and architecture to be sufficiently robust to withstand functional loading by adapting to their strain environment. This mechanism appears less effective with age resulting in low bone mass. In male and female young adult (17 week) and old (19 month) mice we investigated the effect of ...
Carroll Chapman Shawna L SL Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Perceived safer than tobacco cigarettes, prevalence of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use is increasing. Analyses of cartridges suggest that e-cigarettes may pose health risks. In light of increased use and the potential for consequences, we searched Google Scholar and Pubmed in July of 2013 using keywords, such as e-cigarette and vaping, ...
Patzak Monika M Department of Internal Medicine I, Center for Internal Medicine, University Medical Center Ulm, Albert-Einstein-Allee 23, 89081, Ulm, - - 2014
To determine liver span sonographically in a randomly selected population sample and identify factors that affect liver size. A total of 1,789 subjects (963 females, 826 males; mean age 41.8 ± 12.8 years) underwent sonographic examination of the liver in the midclavicular line to determine liver span. Subjects underwent physical examination and ...
Madenjian C P CP Great Lakes Science Center, United States Geological Survey, 1451 Green Road, Ann Arbor, MI, 48105, USA, - - 2014
Total polychlorinated biphenyl concentrations (ΣPCBs) in whole fish were determined for 18 ripe female burbot Lota lota and 14 ripe male burbot from Great Slave Lake, a lake with no known point sources of PCBs. In addition, ΣPCBs were determined in both somatic tissue and gonads for a randomly selected ...
Lubelczyk Charles C Maine Medical Center Research Institute, Vector-borne Disease Laboratory, 75 John Roberts Road Suite 9B, South Portland, ME 04106, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ticks collected from mustelids from four counties in Maine and one in New Hampshire were identified after harvest. Of the 18 fishers Martes pennanti Erxleben, two mink Neovison vison Schreber, and one long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata Lichtenstein, 589 ticks were collected and identified. They were identified as, in order of ...
Nobili Valerio V Unit of Hepato-Metabolic Diseases, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Piazza S. Onofrio 4, 00165, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
Evidence relating dietary patterns to obesity and related disorders such as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is limited in pediatric age. Aim of this study was to analyze the association between dietary patterns, obesity and development of severe steatosis and the metabolic syndrome in a series of children and adolescents ...
Jiang Youzhao Y Department of Endocrinology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, - - 2014
The red blood cells count is closely associated with insulin resistance (IR), which is origin of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study aimed to investigate the correlation of red blood cells (RBC) indices with NAFLD. A total of 977 cases including 446 NAFLD patients and 531 controls were enrolled ...
Durmus Büsra B Generation R Study Group (BD, DHMH, OG, RG, and VWVJ) and the Departments of Pediatrics (DHMH, OG, LD, RG, and VWVJ) and Epidemiology (BD, DHMH, OG, AH, LD, RG, and VWVJ), Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands; the Department of Radiology, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands (RM); and Nutricia Research, Utrecht, Netherlands (MA-B and - - 2014
Breastfeeding may have a protective effect on the development of obesity in later life. Not much is known about the effects of infant feeding on more-specific fat measures. We examined associations of breastfeeding duration and exclusiveness and age at the introduction of solid foods with general and abdominal fat outcomes ...
Picca Anna A Department of Aging and Geriatric Research, Institute on Aging, Division of Biology of Aging, University of Florida, 2004 Mowry Rd, Gainesville, FL 32611, - - 2014
Mitochondrial Transcription Factor A (TFAM) is regarded as a histone-like protein of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), performing multiple functions for this genome. Aging affects mitochondria in a tissue-specific manner and only calorie restriction (CR) is able to delay or prevent the onset of several age-related changes also in mitochondria. Samples of ...
Audrey Suzanne - - 2014
To objectively examine the contribution to adult physical activity levels of walking to work. Employees (n = 103; 36.3 +/- 11.7 years) at 17 workplaces in south-west England, who lived within 2 miles (3.2 km) of their workplace, wore Actigraph accelerometers for seven days during waking hours and carried GPS ...
O'Shea T Michael TM Department of Pediatrics, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North - - 2014
Background:Extremely preterm birth is associated with subsequent behavioral problems. We hypothesized that perinatal systemic inflammation, a risk factor for cerebral white matter injury and cognitive impairment, is associated with behavior problems observed at 2 years.Methods:In a cohort of 600 children born before 28 weeks gestation, we measured 25 inflammation-related proteins ...
Postawa Tomasz T Institute of Systematics and Evolution of Animals, Polish Academy of Science, S┼éawkowska 17, 31-016, Kraków, Poland, - - 2014
The risk of parasite infection grows with the size of host aggregations, which, in turn, may also depend on host sex and age and the quality of environmental resources. Herein, we studied the relationship between ectoparasitic infections with the wing mite (Spinturnix myoti) and the size of the breeding colonies, ...
Lundervold Astri J AJ Department of Biological and Medical Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Center for research on Aging and Dementia, Haraldsplass Deaconal Hospital, Bergen, Norway; K. G. Jebsen Centre for Research on Neuropsychiatric Disorders, University of Bergen, Bergen, - - 2014
Age-related change in episodic memory function is commonly reported in older adults. When detected on neuropsychological tests, it may still be difficult to distinguish normal from pathological changes. The present study investigates age-and sex-related changes in a group of healthy middle-aged and older adults, participating in a three-wave study on ...
Katoh Shuichi S Jikei University Harumi Triton Clinic, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
To examine the association between glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and fatty liver markers. This cross-sectional analysis stratified subjects into quintiles based on HbA1c. Fatty liver using ultrasonography scores (FLUS) were assigned as follows: 2 points, moderate or severe fatty liver; 1 point, mild fatty liver; and 0 points, normal liver. Subjects ...
Zwoinska Martyna M Department of Animal Ecology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 18D, Uppsala, SE-752 36, - - 2014
Males and females have different evolutionary interests resulting in sexual conflict over optimal life histories. A new study in Caenorhabditis elegans shows that males hijack female physiology after mating to cause body shrinking and, ultimately, death. But how do males benefit from female demise?
Nitta Kosaku K International Kidney Evaluation Association Japan (IKEAJ), Tokyo, - - 2014
A recent report has dealt with geriatric nephrology, including epidemiology and pathophysiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD), attempting to get nephrologists to pay more attention to elderly CKD patients. The aims of this article are to summarize the morphological and functional properties of the aging kidney, and to better understand ...
Kojima Wataru W 1 Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, - - 2014
Male sexually-selected traits often impose an increased risk of predation on their bearers, causing male-biased predation. We investigated whether males of the sap-feeding Japanese rhinoceros beetle Trypoxylus dichotomus were more susceptible to predation than females by comparing the morphology of beetles caught in bait traps with the remains of beetles ...
Ross Evan E Pediatric Surgery, Children's Medical Center Dallas, Dallas, TX USA; Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75235, - - 2014
While obesity is associated with increased mortality and decreased functional outcomes in adult burn patients, the ramifications of larger than average body size in the pediatric burn population are less well understood. The present study examines whether obesity was associated with poor outcomes following pediatric burn injuries. Thermal injury data ...
Kunzmann Ute U Institute of - - 2014
Age differences in anger and sadness were explored, focusing on the intensity and frequency of these experiences in everyday life and their implicit associations with the self. Ninety-six young and older adults participated in the Day Reconstruction Method, in which emotional experiences on a typical day were recorded, and in ...
Gurney J G JG Department of Epidemiology and Cancer Control, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee; School of Public Health, University of Memphis, Memphis, - - 2014
The prevalence of low bone mineral density (BMD) in adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and the degree of recovery or decline, are not well elucidated. Study subjects (age ≥ 18 years and ≥10 years post-diagnosis) participated in an institutional follow-up protocol and risk-based clinical evaluation based on Children's Oncology ...
Loprinzi Paul D - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . The purpose of this study was to examine the association of objectively measured lifestyle light-intensity physical activity (LLPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with various biological markers and chronic diseases among a nationally representative sample of U.S. older adults (65+ years). Design . A cross-sectional design was ...
Hernandez C J CJ Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cornell University, 219 Upson Hall, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA, - - 2014
It has been suggested that some patients undergoing prolonged treatment for osteoporosis with anti-resorptive agents may benefit from discontinuing treatment. Here we use a computer simulation of bone cell activity to estimate changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and tissue age when treatment is discontinued. Although anti-resorptive agents are effective ...
Chu Fenfen F Department of Nephrology, Second Xiangya Hospital, Renal Research Institute of Central South University , Hunan , People's Republic of - - 2014
Abstract Background: The pathological patterns underlying PNS in adult are poorly studied in Central China. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of the clinical and pathologic data involving 627 adult patients with PNS who have been finished the renal biopsies from January 2009 to September 2012 in XiangYa 2nd Hospital ...
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