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Simon Melissa A MA Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA - - 2014
We aimed to assess the representativeness of the demographic characteristics of the PINE study to the Chinese aging population in the Greater Chicago area. The PINE study is a population-based study of Chinese older adults aged 60 and over in the Greater Chicago area. In preparation of the PINE study, ...
Oxley J J Department of Cellular Pathology, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, - - 2014
There is increasing evidence of Gleason score (GS) drift in prostatic core biopsies over the last 2 decades. The ProtecT study is a randomised controlled study and it provides an excellent cohort to study the effect of time, PSA level, perineural invasion, tumour length and age on GS. The ProtecT ...
Sudyka J J Institute of Environmental Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, - - 2014
Telomeres have recently been suggested to play important role in ageing and are considered to be a reliable ageing biomarkers. The life history theory predicts that costs of reproduction should be expressed in terms of accelerated senescence, and some empirical studies do confirm such presumption. Thus, a link between reproductive ...
Billeter Jean-Christophe JC Behavioural Biology, Centre for Behaviour and Neurosciences, PO Box 11103, University of Groningen, Groningen, 9700 CC, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Male flies put on a multimedia show during courtship involving dance, song, perfume and even vibrations; if a female likes it, she pauses to let him know. Recent studies shed new light on how development and experience contribute to neural mechanisms of female sexual receptivity.
Matsukuma Susumu S Health Care Center, Japan Self-Defense Forces Central Hospital, Tokyo 154-0001, Japan ; Department of Pathology, Japan Self-Defense Forces Central Hospital, Tokyo 154-0001, - - 2014
To delineate the characteristics of nuclear artifacts associated with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), we examined 97 gastric ESD specimens from 79 patients. In 69 of the specimens (71%), multinucleated figures and/or atypical mitotic-like figures, including tripolar-like and bizarre spindles, were found in the peripheral portions close to the marking areas. ...
Matos Hugo H *Pediatric Hospital, Medical Imaging Department and Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital of Coimbra, PORTUGAL. Department Chairman Prof. Dr. Filipe Caseiro-Alves. †Sciency and Technology Faculty, University Nova of Lisbon, - - 2014
The objective was to obtain a normal value for liver shear wave velocities (SWV) in healthy pediatric patients and investigate variations concerning age, gender and different approaches, depths and lobes of measurements. 150 healthy children (2months to 17years) were examined with acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) technology by an experienced ...
Snoeren Eelke M S - - 2014
Intrasexual competition for access to a female mate is believed to be unusual in wild male rats, which suggests that female choosiness could be more important. It has been shown that females spend more time with one male than with others when tested in a multiple partner paradigm. The male ...
Evenson Kelly R KR 1University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Chapel Hill, NC; 2University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Biostatistics, Chapel Hill, NC; 3Department of Family & Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA; 4Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology & Population Health, Bronx, NY; 5School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, United - - 2014
This study described participant adherence to wearing the accelerometer and accelerometer performance in a cohort study of adults. From 2008-2011, 16,415 United States (US) Hispanic/Latino adults age 18-74 years enrolled in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Immediately following the baseline visit, participants wore an Actical accelerometer for one ...
Hershkovich Oded O Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel HaShomer, Israel; Medical Corps, Israeli Defense Forces, Tel HaShomer, - - 2014
Up to 40% of ankle sprains can result in chronic ankle instability (CAI). The prevalence of CAI and its association with body mass index (BMI) and height in the general young adult population has not been reported. The database records of young adults before recruitment into mandatory military service were ...
Chon Young Eun YE Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 250 Seongsanno, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-752, - - 2014
The controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) is a noninvasive method of assessing hepatic steatosis. We defined the normal range of CAP values in healthy subjects and evaluated the associated factors. CAP values were measured in a cohort of healthy subjects who were screened as living liver transplantation donors and those who ...
Siqueira Jb J Institute of Agricultural Science, Federal University of Vales do Jequitinhonha and Mucuri, UFVJM, Unaí, MG, - - 2014
The objective of this work was to verify that mothers classified as super precocious (M1) and precocious (M2) produce more precocious bulls than females classified as normal (M3). This study included 21 186 animals with an average age of 21.29 ± 1.77 months that underwent a breeding soundness evaluation from 1999 to 2008. Of ...
Hester P Y PY Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 - - 2014
Enriched cages, compared with conventional cages, allow egg laying strains of chickens to meet some behavioral needs, including a high motivation to perch. The objective of this study was to determine if perch availability during rearing affected perch use as adults and if perch presence affected eating and drinking in ...
Zhao Ruifu R Department of Cardiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
Deceleration capacity (DC) is a newly found predictor of mortality after myocardial infarction. Age-, gender-, and circadian rhythm-related differences in DC may limit its predictive value, which should be considered in clinical settings. DC, average heart rate, and HRV parameters, including 24 hours, awaking state (15:00-20:00) and sleeping mode (00:00-05:00) ...
Diniz Rachel D C A RD Division of EndocrinologyDiabetes and Metabolism, Federal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, BrazilDivision of EndocrinologyDiabetes and Metabolism, the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 East Monument Street Suite #333, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USADivision of HepatologyDivision of RadiologyFederal University of Sergipe, Aracaju, - - 2014
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is known to be associated with insulin resistance, atherosclerosis, and low serum IGF1 levels. We have described a large cohort of patients with isolated GH deficiency (IGHD) due to the c.57+1G→A mutation in the GHRH receptor gene. These subjects have increased insulin sensitivity (IS), delayed ...
Ackard Diann M DM Park Nicollet Melrose Center, St. Louis Park, Minnesota; Offices of Diann M Ackard, PhD, LP, LLC, Golden Valley, - - 2014
Eating disorders (EDs) present across a broad age range, yet little is known about the characteristics and outcome of midlife patients compared to younger patients. Among patients seeking ED treatment who were stratified by age at initial assessment (IA), this study aimed to (1) discern sociodemographic and clinical differences, (2) ...
Nakajima Yukiko Y Department of Periodontology and Endodontology, Institute of Health Biosciences, The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, 770-8504, - - 2014
Advanced glycation end-products (AGE) are involved in the progression of diabetic complications. Although our previous reports show that AGE increased dental pulp calcification, AGE accumulation is also associated with inflammation. This study examined AGE-effect on the expression of inflammation factors using rat dental pulp tissues and cell cultures. Receptor for ...
Edwards Alexander W AW Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York; Iowa State University, Ames, - - 2014
The mean age of first voluntary tobacco inhalation is 12.3years (DiFranza et al., 2004). 60% of smokers start smoking before the age of 14 and 90% are dependent before reaching age 19. Females are typically more sensitive to nicotine than males yet few studies examine the effects of nicotine on ...
Bullone Michela M Université de - - 2014
Morphometric analyses of endobronchial biopsies are commonly performed in asthma research but little is known concerning the technical and physiological parameters contributing to measurement variability. We investigated factors potenially affecting biopsy size, quality, and airway smooth muscle (ASM) content in heaves, an asthma-like disease of horses. Horses with heaves in ...
Metens Thierry T Department of Radiology, Hôpital Erasme, MRI Clinics, Bruxelles, Belgium, - - 2014
To investigate how normal liver parenchyma visibility on 3 T diffusion-weighted images (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) quantification are influenced by age, gender, and iron content. Between February 2011 and April 2013, 86 patients (52 women) with normal livers who underwent respiratory-triggered abdominal 3 T DWI (b = 0, 150, 600, 1,000 s/mm(2)) were ...
Barlett Christopher C Department of Psychology, Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, - - 2014
The current research used meta-analysis to determine whether (a) sex differences emerged in cyber-bullying frequency, (b) if age moderated any sex effect, and (c) if any additional moderators (e.g., publication year and status, country and continent of data collection) influenced the sex effect. Theoretically, if cyber-bullying is considered a form ...
Brodie Bekka S BS Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, V5A 1S6, - - 2014
When female blow flies Lucilia sericata and Phormia regina (Diptera: Calliphoridae) oviposit in aggregations on carrion, even-aged larval offspring reportedly develop faster, and fewer are parasitized or preyed upon. The benefits of aggregated oviposition equally affect con- and heterospecific larvae sharing a resource. The benefits imply that female blow flies ...
Weiss Wiesel Talia R TR Payne Whitney Manhattan, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY, - - 2014
In older men with prostate cancer, aging is associated with reduced anxiety and increased depression. The purpose of this study was to examine the association among age, anxiety, and depression in a cohort of older adults receiving chemotherapy. This is a secondary analysis of a prospective longitudinal study investigating chemotherapy ...
Baduel Christine C The University of Queensland, National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology (Entox), Coopers Plains, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
While the literature has reported a widespread occurrence of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in marine biota, very limited studies have been dedicated to the southern hemisphere. Hepatic concentrations of nine PFAAs were analysed in 49 stranded stingrays from eastern Australia using liquid chromatograph coupled with tandem mass spectrometry and relationships with ...
Chang Ming-Ling ML Liver Research Centre and Division of Hepatology, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, - - 2014
Alterations of adipocytokine levels and clinical parameters in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are crucial for the prognosis and complications of the diseases. However, the key adipocytokines independently associated with NAFLD have not been identified, and we aimed to investigate them. This study was conducted on a consecutive series of ...
Guglielmi Giuseppe G Department of Radiology, University of Foggia, Viale Luigi Pinto 1, 71100, Foggia, Italy, - - 2014
The aim of our study was to evaluate bone quality by quantitative ultrasound (QUS) at the phalanges in 129 monozygotic twin couples, outlining the differences between growing subjects and adults. A total of 129 healthy monozygotic twin couples (42 of children under 18 years of age and 87 of adults) were ...
Han Benjamin H BH Division of Geriatric Medicine and Palliative Care, Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, 550 1st Ave, New York, NY, 10016, USA, - - 2014
Statins are the cornerstone of lipid-lowering therapy for cardiovascular disease prevention. The 2013 American College of Cardiology (ACC) and American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines represent a fundamental shift in how statins will be prescribed. The new guidelines recommend statins for nearly all older patients up to age 75 years, including ...
Adamec Ivan I University Department of Neurology, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Kišpatićeva 12, 10000, Zagreb, - - 2014
Aims of the present study were: (1) to assess the incidence of vestibular neuritis (VN) in the adult population in two cities in Croatia, (2) to identify distribution of new VN cases in the different months and seasons by years, and (3) to identify comorbidities associated with VN. This is ...
Reis Leonardo O LO Urology Division, Faculty of Medicine, Center for Life Sciences, Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas (PUC-Campinas), Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, - - 2014
To evaluate whether core length impacts biopsy accuracy and Gleason score underestimation compared to radical prostatectomy (RP) specimens. From 2010 to 2011, 8,928 cores were trans-rectal obtained from 744 consecutive patients (178 RP, 24 %), 557 by an experienced performer (>250/year) and 187 (25 %) by in-training urology residents. Prospectively analyzed variables ...
Rijnbeek Peter R PR Department of Medical Informatics, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To establish an up-to-date and comprehensive set of normal values for the clinically current measurements in the adult ECG, covering all ages for both sexes. The study population included 13,354 individuals, taken from four population studies in The Netherlands, ranging in age from 16 to 90years (55% men) and cardiologically ...
Bianco V V Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health University School of Medicine V. Buzzi Hospital, Milan, Italy - - - 2014
The aim was to study prevalence of menstrual symptoms and their presenting patterns, and to assess nutrition and behaviours correlates. The study enrolled 108 women, who were prospectively assessed for menstrual symptoms; a 212 items questionnaire about lifestyle and nutrition was administered. Diagnosis and intensity of symptoms were separately compared ...
Schulz Uwe Horst UH 1 Laboratório de Ecologia de Peixes, Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, Av. Unisinos, 950 CEP 93022-00, São Leopoldo, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Differences in nest attendance between genders in seabirds may be related to morphological differences. Southern giant petrel is a dimorphic species with gender-specific foraging behavior. The objective of this study was to investigate sex-related differences in nest attendance during the breeding period of southern giant petrels by presence/absence patterns of ...
Daubs Michael D MD *University of California, Los Angeles, CA †University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT ‡Loyola University, Chicago, - - 2014
In vivo assessment of lumbar spinal fusion between a younger and older cohort of New Zealand white rabbits. Directly compare fusion within young and aged New Zealand white rabbits to establish an aged spinal fusion model translational research. Prior studies have utilized skeletally mature young rabbits (6-12 mo old) that ...
Diaz Alejandro A AA Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115. Electronic address: - - 2014
Computed tomography (CT) of the chest can be used to assess pectoralis muscle area (PMA) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) area. Adipose tissue content is associated with inflammatory mediators in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) subjects. Based on gender differences in body composition, we aimed to assess the hypothesis that ...
Li Xinjun X Centre for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University/Region Skåne, Malmö, - - 2014
Objectives: To examine whether there is an association between neighbourhood deprivation and diagnosed childhood obesity, after accounting for family- and individual-level socio-demographic characteristics. Methods: An open cohort of all children aged 0-14 years was followed between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2010. Childhood residential locations were geocoded and classified ...
Qin Bo B Departments of Nutrition and - - 2014
Modifiable lifestyle changes, including dietary changes, could translate into a great reduction in the global burden of cognitive impairment and dementia. Few studies evaluated the benefits of fish intake for delaying cognitive decline, and no studies were conducted in a Chinese population, which may differ with respect to types, amounts, ...
Dobbs Kyle B - - 2014
Physiology of the adult can be modified by alterations in prenatal development driven by the maternal environment. Developmental programming, which can be established before the embryo implants in the uterus, can affect females differently than males. The mechanism by which sex-specific developmental programming is established is not known. Here we ...
Loyd Andre Matthew AM Duke University, 5680 West 35th Street, Saint Louis Park, MN 55416, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Given the high incidence of TBI, head injury has been studied extensively using both cadavers and anthropomorphic test devices (ATDs). However, few studies have benchmarked the response of ATD heads against human data. Hence, the objective of this study is to investigate the response of adult and ATD heads in ...
Behringer V V Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Department of Primatology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Research on age-related changes in morphology, social behavior, and cognition suggests that the development of bonobos (Pan paniscus) is delayed in comparison to chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). However, there is also evidence for earlier reproductive maturation in bonobos. Since developmental changes such as reproductive maturation are induced by a number of ...
Zöller Bengt B Center for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; - - 2014
Preterm birth has been associated with increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in infancy, but the longer-term risk is unknown. Our aim was to examine this association from birth through young adulthood. National cohort study of 3 571 574 individuals who were live-born in Sweden from 1973 through 2008, including 206 844 born ...
Ocaña-Riola Ricardo R Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, Spain; Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada, Granada, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this article is to evaluate the age-period-cohort effects on mortality from cerebrovascular disease in Andalusia (southern Spain) as a whole and in each of its 8 provinces during the period 1981-2008. A population-based ecologic study was conducted. In all, 145,867 deaths were analyzed for individuals between the ...
Jeon Tae Joo TJ Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Nuclear Medicine , 712 Eonju-ro, Gangnam-gu , Seoul, Korea, Republic of , 135-720 , 82-2-2019-3740 ; - - 2014
Background: Rebound thymic hyperplasia (RTH) is not an uncommon finding after radiation or chemotherapy in patients with various malignancies. However, there are limited case reports of this phenomenon after radioactive iodine ablation therapy (RIAT) in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). The goal of this study was to evaluate the incidence, patterns, ...
Karyanti Mulya Rahma - - 2014
Increases in human population size, dengue vector-density and human mobility cause rapid spread of dengue virus in Indonesia. We investigated the changes in dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) incidence in Indonesia over a 45-year period and determined age-specific trends in annual DHF incidence. Using an on-going nationwide dengue surveillance program starting ...
Kim Shin-Hyuk SH Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 505 Banpo-dong, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 137-701, Republic of - - 2014
Epidemiological studies have shown that obesity is associated with an increased risk of thyroid cancer. However, the exact nature of the relationship, especially with respect to the behavior of the cancer, remains uncertain. The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the body mass index (BMI) and ...
Jensen Ls L Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark - - 2014
Methylphenidate (MPH) prescription rates for adults increase, but the extent of a parallel rise in toxic exposures and their causes and distribution between different MPH trade names are unexplored. We retrospectively analyzed adult MPH exposures reported to the Danish Poison Information Centre from January 2006 to July 2012 and the ...
Wu Jianwei J Department of Radiology, Nanjing Jingdu Hospital, Nanjing, Jiangsu, - - 2014
To determine if transit time for excretion of gadoxetate into major bile ducts and duodenum correlates with clinical models of hepatocellular function. This retrospective research was approved by the Institutional Review Board with waiver of informed consent. Search of the radiology database from January 1, 2013 to March 4, 2014 ...
Benetos Athanase A Département de Médecine Gériatrique, CHU de Nancy, Nancy, France, INSERM, U1116, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, France, Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark, Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel, Centre for Behaviour and Neurosciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands, Danish Twin Registry, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark, Department of Clinical Genetics and Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark, Center of Human Development and Aging, State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, USA and Institute of Regional Health Services Research, University of Southern Denmark and Odense Patient Data Explorative Network (OPEN), Odense University Hospital, Odense, DenmarkDépartement de Médecine Gériatrique, CHU de Nancy, Nancy, France, INSERM, U1116, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, France, Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark, Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel, Centre for Behaviour and Neurosciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands, Danish Twin Registry, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark, Department of Clinical Genetics and Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark, Center of Human Development and Aging, State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, USA and Institute of Regional Health Services Research, University of Southern Denmark and Odense Patient Data Explorative Network (OPEN), Odense University Hospital, Odense, DenmarkDépartement de Médecine Gériatrique, CHU de Nancy, Nancy, France, INSERM, U1116, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France, Université de Lorraine, Nancy, France, Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark, Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel, Centre for Behaviour and Neurosciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands, Danish Twin Registry, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark, Department of Clinical Genetics and Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Pharmacology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark, Center of Human Development and Aging, State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ, USA and Institute of Regional Health Services Research, University of Southern Denmark and Odense Patient Data Explorative Network (OPEN), Odense University Hospital, Odense, - - 2014
In eutherian mammals and in humans, the female fetus may be masculinized while sharing the intra-uterine environment with a male fetus. Telomere length (TL), as expressed in leukocytes, is heritable and is longer in women than in men. The main determinant of leukocyte TL (LTL) is LTL at birth. However, ...
Obuchi Aya A Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardio-Vascular Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, - - 2014
Fetuin-A, a protein exclusively secreted from the liver, is associated with insulin resistance and/or metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, few studies have examined this association in Japan. We investigated this issue in a Japanese general population. We performed an epidemiological survey in a small community in Japan. The participants consisted of ...
Petrović Zoran Z Institute of Meat Hygiene and Technology, Kacanskog 13, 11000, Belgrade, Serbia, - - 2014
A total of 63 European hares have been collected from five Serbian agricultural regions. The hares assayed were divided into four age groups (3-6 months, 12 months, 12-24 months, and 24-36 months) and investigated upon presence at cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg) in the kidney and liver. The positive significant correlation (Ps-Pearson's coefficient) between ...
Maia-Nader Marcela - - 2014
Non-nutritive sucking habits (NNSH) are very common during childhood. However, if these habits were maintained for 36 months of age or more, they are considered to be prolonged (PNNSH) and can cause occlusal, physiological and esthetic changes. There is controversy about their prevalence and whether perinatal, social, demographic and health ...
Carter Patrick M PM University of Michigan Injury Center, Ann Arbor, MI, United States; University of Michigan Department of Emergency Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI, United States; Addiction Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effects of age, body mass index (BMI) and gender on motor vehicle crash (MVC) injuries are not well understood and current prevention efforts do not effectively address variability in occupant characteristics. (1) Characterize the effects of age, BMI and gender on serious-to-fatal MVC injury. (2) Identify the crash modes ...
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