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Lai C-Y CY Department of Emergency Medicine, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, - - 2014
Helicobacter pylori infection (HPI) imposes substantial social costs and is of major etiological importance in peptic ulcer disease, gastric cancer, and accelerated cardiovascular diseases. This study determined the risk of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) associated with HPI in a nationwide retrospective cohort study. By using the Taiwan National Health Insurance ...
Garabito M M IDIBAPS, Cardiology, Barcelona, - - 2014
Aging is a cardiovascular risk factor associated to an increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and Renin-Angiotensin System (RAS) activation, which in turn contributes to vascular dysfunction and remodelling. Both systems are known to be influenced by sex. In this regard, our study aims to determine whether sex-associated differences in ...
Pearcy Morgan M Evolutionary Biology and Ecology, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels 1050, Belgium - - 2014
In species where females mate promiscuously, competition between ejaculates from different males to fertilize the ova is an important selective force shaping many aspects of male reproductive traits, such as sperm number, sperm length and sperm-sperm interactions. In eusocial Hymenoptera (bees, wasps and ants), males die shortly after mating and ...
Champion Victoria L VL IU Simon Cancer Center, Indiana University, Indianapolis, - - 2014
Younger survivors (YS) of breast cancer often report more survivorship symptoms such as fatigue, depression, sexual difficulty, and cognitive problems than older survivors (OS). This study sought to determine the effect of breast cancer and age at diagnosis on quality of life (QoL) by comparing 3 groups: 1) YS diagnosed ...
Geisen Ulrich U Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, Freiburg, - - 2014
Ristocetin cofactor activity of Von Willebrand factor (VWF:RCo) and the ratio VWF:RCo to its antigen VWF:Ag are used as routine screening to estimate VWF function and to detect types of Von Willebrand disease (VWD) caused by loss of high molecular weight multimers. However, the VWF:RCo test is prone to analytic ...
Canepa Marco M Longitudinal Studies Section, Translational Gerontology Branch, NIA/NIH, Baltimore, MD, USA; Laboratory of Cardiovascular Sciences, Human Cardiovascular Studies Unit, NIA/NIH, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Internal Medicine, University of Genova, Genova, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a J-shaped relationship between body mass index (BMI) and cardiovascular outcomes in elderly patients (obesity paradox). Whether low BMI correlates with aortic calcification (AC) and whether this association is accounted for by bone demineralization is uncertain. Presence of AC was evaluated in 687 community-dwelling individuals (49% male, mean ...
Yoon Hye Eun HE Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Aging is associated with progressive functional deterioration and structural changes in the kidney. Changes in the activity or responsiveness of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) occur with aging. RAS changes predispose the elderly to various fluid and electrolyte imbalances as well as acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. Among the ...
Moatt Joshua P JP Department of Biology, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, - - 2014
Postcopulatory sexual selection arising from female multiple mating leads to the evolution of ejaculates that maximise a male's reproductive success under sperm competition. Where the risk of sperm competition is variable, optimal fitness may be achieved by plastically altering ejaculate characteristics in response to the prevailing sperm competition environment. In ...
Tsai Ming-Shian MS Department of Surgery, E-Da Hospital and I-Shou University, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
Patients with cholangitis may exhibit repeated and chronic inflammation of the biliary tract despite successful medical or surgical treatments. This nationwide cohort study examined the association between cholangitis and the subsequent development of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We identified a cohort of 37676 patients who were diagnosed with cholangitis between ...
Isnanta Rahmad R Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia-Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, - - 2014
Aim: to identify the difference between coronary angiography in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) aged 45 years and those aged >45 years. Methods: a total of 322 ACS patients who underwent coronary angiography in ICCU of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta between January 2008 and December 2012 were included in ...
Saad Ahmad N AN From the *Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, and†Department of Surgery, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, - - 2014
Several population-based epidemiologic studies have been conducted to evaluate the incidence of oral clefts in different ethnicities in the United States and other countries. The largest studies were performed in white (non-Hispanic) subjects. The highest incidence rates have been reported in Asians and Native Americans. We performed a retrospective longitudinal ...
Pippin Jeffrey W JW 1University of - - 2014
Aging nephropathy is characterized by podocyte depletion, accompanied by progressive glomerulosclerosis. Replacement of terminally differentiated podocytes by local stem/progenitor cells is likely a critical mechanism for their regeneration. Recent studies have shown that cells of renin lineage (CoRL), normally restricted to the kidney's extra-glomerular compartment, might serve this role following ...
Zaman M Justin MJ Department of Emergency Medicine, James Paget University Hospital, Lowestoft Road, Gorleston-on-Sea, Norfolk NR31 6LA, - - 2014
Older people increasingly constitute a large proportion of the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) population. We examined the relationship of age with receipt of more intensive management and secondary prevention medicine. Then, the comparative association of intensive management (reperfusion/angiography) over a conservative strategy on time to death was investigated by age. ...
Ramm Steven A SA Mammalian Behaviour and Evolution Group , Institute of Integrative Biology , University of Liverpool , Leahurst Campus , Chester High Road , Neston CH64 7TE , - - 2014
Male eagerness to mate is a central paradigm of sexual selection theory. However, limited sperm supplies mean that male sexual restraint might sometimes be favored under promiscuous mating. Here, we demonstrate dynamic plasticity in male mating effort when females are encountered sequentially under varying sperm competition risk. Rather than showing ...
Sawa Ryuichi R Department of Community Health Sciences, Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore whether FoF was associated with variability in both leg and trunk movements during gait in community-dwelling elderly. Ninety-three elderly people participated in this study. Each participant was categorized into either Fear or No-Fear group on the basis of having FoF. The participants ...
Van Hook Jennifer J Population Research Institute and Department of Sociology, The Pennsylvania State University, 601B Oswald Tower, University Park, PA, USA, - - 2014
The accuracy of counts of U.S. racial/ethnic and immigrant groups depends on the coverage of the foreign-born in official data. Because Mexicans constitute by far the largest single national-origin group among the foreign-born in the United States, we compile new evidence about the coverage of the Mexican-born population in the ...
Aronis Konstantinos N KN Section of Endocrinology, VA Boston Healthcare System, Harvard Medical School; Division of Endocrinology Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School; Department of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chemerin is a recently identified adipocytokine that has been positively correlated with the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, no studies have examined circulating chemerin levels as a predictor of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether chemerin levels predict the ...
Witham Miles D MD Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, - - 2014
Background: vascular disease has been postulated to contribute to muscle dysfunction in old age. Previous studies examining the effects of cardiovascular drugs on muscle function have shown conflicting results. We therefore examined the association of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, thiazide and statin use with decline in grip strength in ...
Grocott Hilary P HP Departments of Anesthesia & Perioperative Medicine and Surgery, St. Boniface Hospital, University of Manitoba, CR3008 - 369 Tache Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, R2H 2A6, Canada, - - 2014
Douglas B. Craig, W.M. Wahba, Hillary Don CITATION: Can Anaesth Soc J 1971; 18: 92-9. Surgery and anesthesia expose patients to moderate and sometimes extreme positioning changes that are often unphysiological. The purpose of this article is to highlight and contextualize a seminal study from the Journal archives that explores ...
Ngugi Anthony K AK From the KEMRI/Wellcome Trust Research Programme (A.K.N., G.F., E.C., R.O., E.B., C.R.N.), Centre for Geographic Medicine Research-Coast, Kilifi, Kenya; Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health (A.K.N., C.B., I.K.), London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom; Studies of Epidemiology of Epilepsy in Demographic Surveillance Systems (SEEDS)-INDEPTH Network (A.K.N., E.B., C.R.N.), Accra, Ghana; Research Support Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences (A.K.N.), Aga Khan University (East Africa), Nairobi, Kenya; MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health (C.B., I.K.), London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom; Nuffield Department of Medicine (G.F.), Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, United Kingdom; Neurosciences Unit (B.N., C.R.N.), UCL Institute of Child Health, London, United Kingdom; NIHR University College London Hospitals Biomedical Research Centre, Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy (J.W.S.), UCL Institute of Neurology, London, United Kingdom; Epilepsy Society (J.W.S.), Chalfont St Peter, United Kingdom; SEIN - Stichting Epilepsie Instellingen Nederland (J.W.S.), Heemstede, the Netherlands; Clinical Research Unit (C.R.N.), London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom; and Department of Psychiatry (C.R.N.), University of Oxford, United - - 2014
We estimated premature mortality and identified causes of death and associated factors in people with active convulsive epilepsy (ACE) in rural Kenya. In this prospective population-based study, people with ACE were identified in a cross-sectional survey and followed up regularly for 3 years, during which information on deaths and associated ...
Stasiak K - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of age and reproductive season on selected properties of semen from the arctic fox, Aloper lagopus L. The experiment used 40 ejaculates collected manually from 6 animals (3 foxes aged one year and 3 foxes older than three years). Statistically ...
de Santana Sarmento Dmitry José - - 2013
Actinic cheilitis (AC) is a potentially malignant disorder of the lip caused by exposure to solar radiation. This study was conducted to evaluate the clinicopathologic profile of cases of AC and to verify associations with the degree of dysplasia. This retrospective study analyzed data for 40 patients with AC. Demographic, ...
Albo Maria J - - 2013
Polyandrous females are expected to discriminate among males through postcopulatory cryptic mate choice. Yet, there is surprisingly little unequivocal evidence for female-mediated cryptic sperm choice. In species in which nuptial gifts facilitate mating, females may gain indirect benefits through preferential storage of sperm from gift-giving males if the gift signals ...
Howarth Donald - - 2013
Case study The patient, a hypertensive man, 77 years of age, presented at a local rural hospital after noticing increasing swelling of his tongue, leading to difficulty talking and then difficulty breathing. These symptoms developed over about 2 hours and he had not noted any rash. He had been on ...
Orysiak J J Department of Nutrition Physiology, Institute of Sport, Warsaw, - - 2013
The aim of the study was to examine the possible relationship between I/D polymorphism of ACE gene and selected indices of aerobic capacity among male and female athletes practising winter endurance sports. Sixty-six well-trained athletes (female n = 26, male n = 40), aged 18.4 ± 2.8 years, representing winter ...
Ostchega Yechiam - - 2013
Accurately measuring blood pressure (BP) requires choosing an appropriate BP cuff size. This study examined trends in mid-arm circumference (mid-AC) and in the distribution of appropriate BP cuffs using 1999-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data. NHANES uses a complex multistage probability sample design to select participants who ...
Michalska Katarzyna - - 2013
Eriophyoid females store sperm either asymmetrically in one spermatheca, or symmetrically in both spermathecae. Previous studies have suggested that species in which females store sperm asymmetrically pick up sperm from only one spermatophore, while those with symmetrical sperm storage pick up sperm from two or more spermatophores during their lifetime. ...
Yim Hyung Eun - - 2013
Background:We evaluated the influence of postnatal early overnutrition on renal pathophysiological changes in aging rats.Methods:Three or 10 male pups per mother were assigned to either the small litter (SL) or normal litter (NL) control groups during the first 21 days of life. The effects of early postnatal overnutrition were determined ...
Young Brent B Molecular and Computational Biology, University of Southern California Ray R. Irani Building room 304A, 1050 Childs Way, Los Angeles, California, - - 2013
In a variety of taxa, males deploy alternative reproductive tactics to secure fertilizations. In many species, small "sneaker" males attempt to steal fertilizations while avoiding encounters with larger, more aggressive, dominant males. Sneaker males usually face a number of disadvantages, including reduced access to females and the higher likelihood that ...
Miyamoto Hideaki H From the Department of Diagnostic Radiology (H.M., M.K., G.M.F., W.R.J., A.S.K.), Department of Trauma Surgery and Sports Medicine (M.G., R.A.), and Department of Internal Medicine I, Clinical Immunology and Infectious Diseases (R.B.), Medical University Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan (H.M.); and Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pa - - 2014
Purpose To compare the elasticity of the median nerve (MN) between healthy volunteers and patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and to evaluate the diagnostic utility of sonoelastographic measurements of the elasticity of the MN. Materials and Methods This study was performed with institutional review board approval and written informed ...
Miyamoto Hideaki H From the Department of Diagnostic Radiology (H.M., C.S., M.K., W.R.J., A.S.K.) and Department of Trauma Surgery and Sports Medicine (M.G.), Medical University Innsbruck, Anichstrasse 35, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria; and Cattedra "R" di Radiologia-DICMI, Università di Genova, Genoa, Italy - - 2013
Purpose To define the stiffness of the intracarpal tunnel contents and to evaluate the effect of corticosteroid injection on the intracarpal tunnel contents by using sonoelastography. Materials and Methods This study was conducted with the approval of the institutional review boards, and all participants provided written, informed consent. Both hands ...
Ala-Honkola Outi - - 2013
Mating between relatives usually decreases genetic quality of progeny as deleterious recessive alleles are expressed by inbred individuals. Inbreeding degrades sperm traits but its effects on sperm storage and fate within females are currently unknown. We quantified the relationship between the degrees of inbreeding relevant to natural populations (f = ...
Price Holly - - 2013
To identify variables associated with myopia progression and to identify any interaction between accommodative function, myopia progression, age, and treatment effect in the Cambridge Anti-Myopia Study. Contact lenses were used to improve static accommodation by altering ocular spherical aberration, and vision training was performed to improve dynamic accommodation. One hundred ...
Rashid M - - 2013
The oriental armyworm Mythimna separata Walker is a serious threat to the production of cereals. Its control has largely relied on synthetic insecticides, which led to the decrease in their effectiveness. In China, cantharidin, a natural compound of insect origin with a mode of action different from a conventional insecticide, ...
Johnston Miriam S - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Previous studies have reported variation in stimulus accommodative convergence to accommodation (AC/A) ratio across differing accommodative stimuli. Response AC/A ratio was assessed across 4 accommodative demands to determine if these differences could be due to accommodative inaccuracies to stimuli. Methods: Twenty-three student participants aged 18 to 26 years ...
Benetos Athanase - - 2013
We examined the influence of the AGTR1 A1166C genotype on the 16-year evolution of pulse wave velocity (PWV) in a middle-aged population. In a cross-sectional study, we reported that the presence of the AGTR1 1166C allele was associated with higher aortic stiffness compared with the AGTR1 1166AA genotype. The study ...
Liu Hongxia - - 2013
The adult behavior and sex pheromone titers of Isoceras sibirica Alpheraky (Lepidoptera, Cossidae) were investigated to determine the diel periodicity of pheromone production during one scotophase and the effect of age on pheromone production. The results showed that females began to call on the first night after eclosion and called ...
McVeigh Terri P - - 2013
Ireland has an ageing population; with the proportion of people aged over 80years estimated to increase over the next 20 years from 1.1% to 2.1%. The aim of this study was to examine the demographics of the population served by the surgical department in a tertiary referral centre in the ...
Finseth F R - - 2013
Sperm competition is a powerful and widespread evolutionary force that drives the divergence of behavioural, physiological and morphological traits. Elucidating the mechanisms governing differential fertilization success is a fundamental question of sperm competition. Both sperm and nonsperm ejaculate components can influence sperm competition outcomes. Here, we investigate the role of ...
Egger Christina - - 2013
Acquired von Willebrand Syndrome (AvWS) is known as a frequent bleeding complication in patients on ventricular assist device (VAD) support. Clinicians demand that the requirements for VADs with regard to hemocompatibility should also include low susceptibility for AvWS. Clinical AvWS diagnosis is known to be a complex, high-price, and time-consuming ...
Yafi Faysal A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictors of successful sperm retrieval using percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration (PESA) in men with obstructive azoospermia (OA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from 255 patients with OA who underwent PESA between March 2007 and September 2012. Sperm retrieval outcomes were reported as motile sperm ...
Uller Tobias - - 2013
Female sperm storage can influence male reproductive success and may favour males that produce sperm that remain viable across several ovarian cycles. Here we show that sperm are viable in the female reproductive tract across ovarian cycles in the mallee dragon, Ctenophorus fordi. Based on experimental mating trials, we show ...
Urshila Shah - - 2013
Objective: The purpose of this review was to evaluate blood pressure (BP) reductions and adverse events between patients younger than 65 and older than 65 years of age receiving a combination of an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) and an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB).Design: A retrospective cohort study comparing the ...
Ahmed Emad E Department of Cardiology, Heart Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation, PO Box 3050, Doha, - - 2013
Elderly patients have more cardiovascular risk factors and a greater burden of ischemic disease than younger patients. To examine the impact of age on clinical presentation and outcomes in patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Collected data from the 2nd Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events (Gulf RACE-2), which ...
Bathgate R - - 2013
Successful sex-sorting of goat spermatozoa and subsequent birth of pre-sexed kids have yet to be reported. As such, a series of experiments were conducted to develop protocols for sperm-sorting (using a modified flow cytometer, MoFlo SX(®) ) and cryopreservation of goat spermatozoa. Saanen goat spermatozoa (n = 2 males) were (i) collected ...
Bopp Melissa - - 2013
The demonstrated health benefits of active commuting (AC) and low participation rates among older adults (OAs) indicates a need to examine the social-ecological correlates of AC by age category. An online survey of employed US adults examined AC participation, individual, employment-related, community and environmental variables. Participants were dichotomized by age ...
Fukami Kei - - 2013
Advanced glycation end products (AGE) formed at an accelerated rate under diabetes, could cause podocyte apoptosis, thereby being involved in the development and progression of diabetic nephropathy. Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a role in diabetic nephropathy as well. However, it remains unknown whether there exists a pathophysiological crosstalk between the ...
Wright Kelly - - 2013
Object The authors evaluated the rates of ventriculostomy-related infections (VRIs) after antibiotic-coated extraventricular drains (ac-EVDs) were introduced as the standard of care. Methods A retrospective chart review was conducted of adult patients admitted to NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital neurological intensive care unit in whom an EVD was placed between February 2007 and ...
Salomaa Veikko - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the incidence, mortality and case fatality of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Finland during 1993-2007 and to create forecasts of the absolute numbers of ACS cases in the future, taking into account the aging of the population. DESIGN: Community surveillance study and modelled forecasts of the future. ...
Schwartz Gary L - - 2013
Strategies for initial drug therapy of hypertension are a thiazide diuretic for all or drug selection based on age/race criteria or on plasma renin activity (PRA). It is uncertain which of these strategies will achieve the highest control rate among patients with stage 1 essential hypertension. We sought to compare ...
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