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Mertens Lieze - - 2014
Previous studies have shown convincing evidence for positive relationships between transportation cycling in adults and macro-scale physical environmental factors. In contrast, relationships are less consistent for more changeable, micro-scale environmental factors. The majority of existing studies used observational study designs, which cannot determine causality. The present mixed-methods study used manipulated ...
Mielke Grégore I - - 2014
BackgroundDespite recent advances in surveillance of physical activity, data on time trends of physical activity in low and middle-income countries are lacking. This study describes time trends in physical activity and television viewing between 2006 and 2012 among Brazilian adults.MethodsData from 371,271 adult participants (18¿+¿years) in the Surveillance System for ...
Twisk Divera D SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, Bezuidenhoutseweg, 62, 2594 AW, The Hague, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Based on existing literature, a system thinking approach was used to set up a conceptual model on the interrelationships among the components influencing adolescent road mortality, distinguishing between components at the individual level and at the system level. At the individual level the role of risk behaviour (sometimes deliberate and ...
Kalache Sawsan M SM Division of Geriatric Psychiatry, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Life expectancy in individuals with schizophrenia continues to increase. It is not clear whether cognitive deficits associated with schizophrenia remain as strong predictors of function in older and younger individuals. Thus, we assessed the relationship between cognition and functional competence in individuals with schizophrenia across 7 decades of life. We ...
Compagnone Eliana E Scientific Institute I.R.C.C.S. "Eugenio Medea", "La Nostra Famiglia", Neurorehabilitation Unit 1 (Developmental Neurology and Functional Rehabilitation), Brindisi Research Centre, Brindisi, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate a possible correlation between the gross motor function classification system-expanded and revised (GMFCS-E&R), the manual abilities classification system (MACS) and the communication function classification system (CFCS) functional levels in children with cerebral palsy (CP) by CP subtype. It was also geared to verify whether there ...
Waugh Darryn W DW Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA - - 2014
Changes in the ventilation of the southern oceans over the past few decades are examined using ocean measurements of CFC-12 and model simulations. Analysis of CFC-12 measurements made between the late 1980s and late 2000s reveal large-scale coherent changes in the ventilation, with a decrease in the age of subtropical ...
Jones Robin M RM Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Vanderbilt University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate potential differences in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity to emotional stimuli between preschool-age children who do (CWS) and do not stutter (CWNS). Participants were 20 preschool-age CWS (15 male) and 21 preschool-age CWNS (11 male). Participants were exposed to two emotion-inducing video ...
Soulek Jaron J JJ Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Tulsa, OK, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate consistency/predictability of interfacility flight times (IFFTs) and accuracy of geographical information system (GIS) software packages for estimating IFFT. This retrospective study conducted by a program using a Bell 206 assessed the first 1000 IF transports occurring on 137 "runs" (ie, referring-receiving hospital pairings) made at ...
Cain Kelli L KL University of California, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ecological models of physical activity emphasize the effects of environmental influences. "Microscale" streetscape features that may affect pedestrian experience have received less research attention than macroscale walkability (e.g., residential density). The Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS) measures street design, transit stops, sidewalk qualities, street crossing amenities, and features impacting ...
Veitch Jenny - - 2014
Parks are important for providing opportunities for physical activity among youth. Apart from engaging in physical activity whilst visiting a park, active transportation (e.g. walking or cycling) to parks is potentially an additional source of physical activity. Previous research has shown that a major barrier to young people visiting parks ...
Canaku Dorina D Institute of Public Health, Tirana, - - 2014
Congenital Malformations (CMs) represent a challenge especially for developing countries. Data about CMs in Albania are rather scarce. In this context, our aim was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with CMs in Tirana, the capital of Albania. Information on all CMs at birth during 2011-2013 was retrieved from ...
Drza-Grabiec Justyna - - 2014
Involutional changes to the body in elderly patients affect the shape of the spine and the activity of postural muscles. The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of age-related changes in spinal curvature on postural balance in elderly women. The study population consisted of 90 women, with ...
Woodin Sarah Ann SA Department of Biological Sciences, University of South Carolina, 715 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intertidal populations of the ecosystem engineering polychaete, Diopatra biscayensis, were analyzed on the French Atlantic coast for three years with individual size estimated from tube-cap aperture. All but the northernmost population along the Bay of Biscay have yearly recruitment. Individuals live 3-5 years and are likely reproductive as one year ...
Hesse Swen S Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany; Leipzig University Medical Center, Integrated Research and Treatment Centre (IFB) Adiposity Diseases, Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Serotonin-mediated mechanisms, in particular via the serotonin transporter (SERT), are thought to have an effect on food intake and play an important role in the pathophysiology of obesity. However, imaging studies that examined the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and SERT are sparse and provided contradictory results. The aim ...
McLafferty Ella E School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2014
Sexual reproduction is the process in which a male sperm unites with a female ovum to permit fertilisation. Each fertilised cell contains a set of chromosomes from each parent, therefore both the male and female gametes contribute equally to the process of reproduction. This article provides an overview of the ...
Deitloff Jennifer J Department of Biological Sciences, 331 Funchess Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849; Department of Department of Biological Sciences, East Campus Science Center, Lock Haven University, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania 17745. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two of the most common mating tactics in vertebrates are mate guarding and territoriality, yet much of the research on these strategies has focused on mating systems in birds, despite novel insights gained from studying less traditional systems. North American stream salamanders that comprise the Eurycea bislineata complex represent an ...
Alkon Abbey A 1 School of Nursing, University of California , San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2014
Abstract Background: To understand whether the relationship between young children's autonomic nervous system (ANS) responses predicted their BMI, or vice versa, the association between standardized BMI (zBMI) at 2, 3.5, and 5 years of age and ANS reactivity at 3.5-5 years of age, and whether zBMI predicts later ANS reactivity ...
Liddle Jacki J School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Driving cessation has demonstrated impacts on well-being and lifestyle. Despite the recognized reluctance of older people to plan for driving cessation, this study has identified a new group who has a stated plan to stop driving within 12 months. Although gradual reduction of driving has been documented as ...
Chen Yunjiao Y Department of Food Science, College of Food Science, South China Agricultural University , Guangzhou 510642, - - 2014
The multicellular model organism Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) was used to identify the anti-aging effect of pentagalloyl glucose (PGG) isolated from Eucalyptus leaves at four different concentrations. For 160 μM PGG, the median lifespan of C. elegans was found to increase by 18%, and the thermal stress resistance was also ...
Gottschalk Paola P Servicio de Reumatología e Inmunología Clínica, Hospital Regional Universitario José María Cabral y Báez, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santiago, República - - 2014
Scleroderma is a rare disease with limited data in Latin America. Preliminary genetic studies suggest a strong African ascendance in the Dominican Republic, which could modulate the expression of the disease. The objective of this study is to describe the clinical and demographic characteristics of scleroderma in a series of ...
Akyer Sahika Pınar - - 2014
Objectives: The ventricular system is an essential part of the brain. Various pathologies directly or indirectly affect the size of this system. Morphometric analysis of the cerebral ventricular system is important for evaluating changes due to growth, aging, and intrinsic and extrinsic pathologies. The aim of this study was to ...
Shea Thomas B TB Center for Neuroscience, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, USA Departments of Biological Sciences, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, - - 2014
Nutrition exerts a pervasive impact on normal and pathological conditions of the nervous system throughout life. Maternal folate supplementation during pregnancy has reduced developmental disorders of the nervous system, but may have also fostered an increase in individuals harboring genetic polymorphisms that compromise folate usage. Such individuals may harbor a ...
Coda Andrea A The University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the repeatability and reproducibility of the HR Walkway system with regards to peak pressure values (PP) and pressure time integral (PTI) in healthy children, ranging between 5 and 18 years of age. Subjects recruited took part in two non-invasive clinical assessments, at baseline and 1 week later. ...
Serrano Juan P JP *Address correspondence to Juan P. Serrano, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Psicología, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Avda. Almansa no. 14, 02006-Albacete, Spain. E-mail: - - 2014
Spain is one of the European countries with the most significant societal changes in the 21st century contributing to an aging population, in particular, high life expectancy coupled with low fertility, which will result in a doubling of the old-age dependency ratio. Demographic aging implies important challenges that affect the ...
Heesch Kristiann C KC School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, Herston Road, Brisbane, Queensland 4049, Australia; Institute for Health and Biomedical Research, Queensland University of Technology, Herston Road, Brisbane, Queensland 4049, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Interest is growing in promoting utility cycling (i.e., for transport) as a means of incorporating daily physical activity (PA) into people's lives, but little is known about correlates of utility cycling. Our primary aim was to examine cross-sectional relationships between socio-economic characteristics, neighborhood environment perceptions and psychological disposition with utility ...
Liao Kung-Ching KC Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, 12 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 - - 2014
This paper compares rates of charge transport by tunneling across junctions with the structures Ag(TS) X(CH2 )2n CH3  //Ga2 O3  /EGaIn (n=1-8 and X= SCH2  and O2 C); here Ag(TS) is template-stripped silver, and EGaIn is the eutectic alloy of gallium and indium. Its objective was to compare the ...
Etman Astrid - - 2014
A residential area supportive for walking may facilitate elderly to live longer independently. However, current evidence on area characteristics potentially important for walking among older persons is mixed. This study hypothesized that the importance of area characteristics for transportational walking depends on the size of the area characteristics are measured, ...
- - 2014
Austere living conditions during deployment may put service members at greater risk for urinary tract infections (UTIs). During the 6-year surveillance period, 6.5 percent of females (n=7,214) and 0.3 percent of males (n=2,412) who were ever deployed had at least one UTI diagnosed while deployed to Southwest Asia and the ...
Hu Yujia Y Department of Interventional Radiology, Shanghai 10th People's Hospital, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Signaling and Disease Research, School of Life Science and Technology, Tongji University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Choices between 2 options, one liked and one disliked, are effortless for an animal, whereas those among 2 equally liked options are more difficult to determine and might depend on an unknown mechanism. Here, we report that in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, both younger virgin females and older ones ...
Barnett Anthony A School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood VIC, - - 2014
Walking is a suitable activity for older adults and has physical and mental health benefits. To devise interventions that impact on levels of walking it is necessary to first understand the purposes for which people walk and the destinations to which they walk. Using a 7-day diary and accelerometry, this ...
Badowski Michael M Department of Immunobiology, University of Arizona, PO Box 245221, Tucson, AZ 85724, United - - 2014
Sex and age-matched wild-type and TCR transgenic mice were infected with cytomegalovirus (CMV) at 6 months of age and followed for 12 additional months to examine aging of the immune system. It was found that viral infection of C57Bl/6 mice resulted in accelerated aging of the immune system as shown ...
Yang Xinyu - - 2014
Significant progress has been made in understanding the toxicity of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) under carefully controlled laboratory conditions. Natural organic matter (NOM) is omnipresent in complex environmental systems where it may alter the behavior of nanoparticles in these systems. We exposed the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to Ag NP suspensions ...
Brian Caleb W CW Department of Chemistry and School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, - - 2014
The effect of physical aging on surface diffusion has been determined for two organic glasses, Indomethacin and Nifedipine. The two systems exhibit similar aging kinetics typical of organic glasses. Surface diffusivity remains unchanged despite significant bulk aging that nearly equilibrates the systems and increases the bulk relaxation time by orders ...
Ulguim Rafael R RR ReproPel, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, 96010-900, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
This study evaluated female lifetime productivity in a swine integration system of Brazil that combines segregated gilt development units called fourth sites (4S) and sow farms (SF). Records of 5,013 culled females from 3 4S and 10 SF were evaluated. The most frequent culling reasons were locomotor problems, in 4S, ...
Mahoney Rebekah E RE Department of Physiology and Barshop Institute of Longevity and Aging Studies, University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas - - 2014
Homeostatic plasticity functions within the nervous system to maintain normal neural functions, such as neurotransmission, within predefined optimal ranges. The defined output of these neuronal processes is referred to as the set point, which is the value that the homeostatic system defends against fluctuations. Currently, it is unknown how stable ...
Calhim S S Division of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biology & Environmental Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland; Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku, - - 2014
Mimicry is a widespread phenomenon. Vertebrate visual mimicry often operates in an intraspecific sexual context, with some males resembling conspecific females. Pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) dorsal plumage varies from the ancestral black to female-like brown. Experimental studies have shown that conspecific and heterospecific (collared flycatcher, F. albicollis) individuals of both sexes ...
Mate Ianire - - 2014
The health maintenance depends on the preservation of the homeostatic systems, such as nervous, endocrine and immune system, and a proper communication between them. In this regard, the circadian system, which promotes a better functionality of physiological systems and thus well being, could be considered part of that homeostatic complex, ...
Klinker Charlotte D - - 2014
Knowledge on domain-specific physical activity (PA) has the potential to advance public health interventions and inform new policies promoting children's PA. The purpose of this study is to identify and assess domains (leisure, school, transport, home) and subdomains (e.g., recess, playgrounds, and urban green space) for week day moderate to ...
Knowlton A A AA The Department of Veteran's Affairs, Northern California VA, Sacramento, CA; Molecular & Cellular Cardiology, Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of California, Davis. Electronic address: - - 2014
Estrogen has a plethora of effects in the cardiovascular system. Studies of estrogen and the heart span human clinical trials and basic cell and molecular investigations. Greater understanding of cell and molecular responses to estrogens can provide further insights into the findings of clinical studies. Differences in expression and cellular/intracellular ...
Ishibashi Kenji K Research Team for Neuroimaging, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo 173-0022, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report serial dopamine transporter (DAT) positron emission tomography (PET) scanning in a patient with Parkinson's disease (PD). Six months after motor symptom onset, the patient was diagnosed with PD, Hoehn-Yahr stage 1 at age 71, and underwent DAT PET scanning at ages 71, 72, 74, and 75. Volumes-of-interest were ...
Leung May May MM Nutrition Program, City University of New York School of Public Health, Hunter College, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether a single exposure to a Manga comic (Japanese comic art) with multiple messages promoting fruit intake influenced snack selection in minority urban youth. Fifty-seven youth (mean age 10.8 y; 54% female; 74% black/African American) attending after-school programs in Brooklyn, NY participated in a pilot study in which they ...
Heinrich K K Institute for Experimental Dermatology, DermaTronnier, University of Witten/Herdecke, Witten, - - 2014
The human skin barrier is an important part of the skin's intactness and its functionality is a precondition for healthy skin. Ingredients in cosmetic formulations, especially penetration enhancers, can influence this barrier function as they transport active agents into deeper skin layers. In this study different cosmetic formulations were tested ...
Cleland Verity V Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Tasmania, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine whether associations between the perceived environment and physical activity are moderated by urban-rural status among mid-older aged adults. Environmental (safety, aesthetics, physical activity environment) and physical activity (total, leisure, transport) data from 3888 adults (55-65 years) from urban and rural areas of Victoria, Australia, were ...
Korshøj Mette M a The National Research Centre for the Working Environment , Copenhagen Ø , - - 2014
The validity of inclinometer measurements by ActiGraph GT3X+ (AG) accelerometer, when analysed with the Acti4 customised software, was examined by comparison of inclinometer measurements with a reference system (TrakStar) in a protocol with standardised arm movements and simulated working tasks. The sensors were placed at the upper arm (distal to ...
Kolluri G G a Department of Poultry - - 2014
Abstract 1. The objective of the experiment was to determine the influence of age, sex and rearing system on Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) gene expression in gut, lung and lymphoid tissues and physiological responses to stress were determined in male and female indigenous ducks of Tamil Nadu, India. 2. A ...
Schoettle Brandon - - 2014
Objective: This survey examined why a substantial percentage of young adults currently do not have a driver's license and the future plans of this group concerning obtaining a license. Method: A questionnaire was developed to examine several issues related to an individual's decision not to obtain a driver's license. An ...
Aleksandrowicz Lukasz - - 2014
Verbal autopsy (VA) has been proposed to determine the cause of death (COD) distributions in settings where most deaths occur without medical attention or certification. We develop performance criteria for VA-based COD systems and apply these to the Registrar General of India's ongoing, nationally-representative Indian Million Death Study (MDS). Performance ...
Kienteka Marilson - - 2014
Bicycling is an important form of physical activity that can promote health benefits. The objective of this study was to analyze the association between personal and behavioral aspects in transportation bicycling and leisure time bicycling in adults. Data was drawn from a household survey involving 677 adults (53.1% female) in ...
Abba Yusuf Y 0000-0001-7888-9004 Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, PMB 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria ; Department of Veterinary Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, - - 2014
The study of pathological conditions of the male reproductive system is paramount to understanding reproductive inefficiency in the Sahel goat. In this study, 1048 Sahel bucks presented for slaughter at the Maiduguri metropolitan abattoir were evaluated for the presence of various pathological abnormalities of the reproductive system. A total incidence ...
Chiang Shang-Lin SL Department of Physical Therapy and Assistive Technology, National Yang Ming University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong Street, Beitou, Taipei City 112, Taiwan ; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, School of Medicine, National Defense Medical Center, No. 325, Sec. 2, Chenggong Road, Neihu District, Taipei City 114, Taiwan ; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tri-Service General Hospital, No. 325, Sec. 2, Chenggong Road, Neihu District, Taipei City 114, - - 2014
We developed a mobility detection system to analyze pressure changes over time during side-turns in 29 healthy volunteers (17 males and 12 females) with a mean age of 46.1 ± 19.64 years (ranging from 23 to 86 years) in order to determine the effect of gender, age, and BMI on ...
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