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Liddle Jacki J School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Driving cessation has demonstrated impacts on well-being and lifestyle. Despite the recognized reluctance of older people to plan for driving cessation, this study has identified a new group who has a stated plan to stop driving within 12 months. Although gradual reduction of driving has been documented as ...
Chen Yunjiao Y Department of Food Science, College of Food Science, South China Agricultural University , Guangzhou 510642, - - 2014
The multicellular model organism Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) was used to identify the anti-aging effect of pentagalloyl glucose (PGG) isolated from Eucalyptus leaves at four different concentrations. For 160 μM PGG, the median lifespan of C. elegans was found to increase by 18%, and the thermal stress resistance was also ...
Gottschalk Paola P Servicio de Reumatología e Inmunología Clínica, Hospital Regional Universitario José María Cabral y Báez, Santiago de los Caballeros, Santiago, República - - 2014
Scleroderma is a rare disease with limited data in Latin America. Preliminary genetic studies suggest a strong African ascendance in the Dominican Republic, which could modulate the expression of the disease. The objective of this study is to describe the clinical and demographic characteristics of scleroderma in a series of ...
Akyer Sahika Pınar - - 2014
Objectives: The ventricular system is an essential part of the brain. Various pathologies directly or indirectly affect the size of this system. Morphometric analysis of the cerebral ventricular system is important for evaluating changes due to growth, aging, and intrinsic and extrinsic pathologies. The aim of this study was to ...
Shea Thomas B TB Center for Neuroscience, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, USA Departments of Biological Sciences, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, - - 2014
Nutrition exerts a pervasive impact on normal and pathological conditions of the nervous system throughout life. Maternal folate supplementation during pregnancy has reduced developmental disorders of the nervous system, but may have also fostered an increase in individuals harboring genetic polymorphisms that compromise folate usage. Such individuals may harbor a ...
Coda Andrea A The University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the repeatability and reproducibility of the HR Walkway system with regards to peak pressure values (PP) and pressure time integral (PTI) in healthy children, ranging between 5 and 18 years of age. Subjects recruited took part in two non-invasive clinical assessments, at baseline and 1 week later. ...
Serrano Juan P JP *Address correspondence to Juan P. Serrano, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Psicología, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Avda. Almansa no. 14, 02006-Albacete, Spain. E-mail: - - 2014
Spain is one of the European countries with the most significant societal changes in the 21st century contributing to an aging population, in particular, high life expectancy coupled with low fertility, which will result in a doubling of the old-age dependency ratio. Demographic aging implies important challenges that affect the ...
Heesch Kristiann C KC School of Public Health and Social Work, Queensland University of Technology, Herston Road, Brisbane, Queensland 4049, Australia; Institute for Health and Biomedical Research, Queensland University of Technology, Herston Road, Brisbane, Queensland 4049, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Interest is growing in promoting utility cycling (i.e., for transport) as a means of incorporating daily physical activity (PA) into people's lives, but little is known about correlates of utility cycling. Our primary aim was to examine cross-sectional relationships between socio-economic characteristics, neighborhood environment perceptions and psychological disposition with utility ...
Liao Kung-Ching KC Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, 12 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 - - 2014
This paper compares rates of charge transport by tunneling across junctions with the structures Ag(TS) X(CH2 )2n CH3  //Ga2 O3  /EGaIn (n=1-8 and X= SCH2  and O2 C); here Ag(TS) is template-stripped silver, and EGaIn is the eutectic alloy of gallium and indium. Its objective was to compare the ...
Etman Astrid - - 2014
A residential area supportive for walking may facilitate elderly to live longer independently. However, current evidence on area characteristics potentially important for walking among older persons is mixed. This study hypothesized that the importance of area characteristics for transportational walking depends on the size of the area characteristics are measured, ...
- - 2014
Austere living conditions during deployment may put service members at greater risk for urinary tract infections (UTIs). During the 6-year surveillance period, 6.5 percent of females (n=7,214) and 0.3 percent of males (n=2,412) who were ever deployed had at least one UTI diagnosed while deployed to Southwest Asia and the ...
Hu Yujia Y Department of Interventional Radiology, Shanghai 10th People's Hospital, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Signaling and Disease Research, School of Life Science and Technology, Tongji University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Choices between 2 options, one liked and one disliked, are effortless for an animal, whereas those among 2 equally liked options are more difficult to determine and might depend on an unknown mechanism. Here, we report that in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, both younger virgin females and older ones ...
Barnett Anthony A School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood VIC, - - 2014
Walking is a suitable activity for older adults and has physical and mental health benefits. To devise interventions that impact on levels of walking it is necessary to first understand the purposes for which people walk and the destinations to which they walk. Using a 7-day diary and accelerometry, this ...
Badowski Michael M Department of Immunobiology, University of Arizona, PO Box 245221, Tucson, AZ 85724, United - - 2014
Sex and age-matched wild-type and TCR transgenic mice were infected with cytomegalovirus (CMV) at 6 months of age and followed for 12 additional months to examine aging of the immune system. It was found that viral infection of C57Bl/6 mice resulted in accelerated aging of the immune system as shown ...
Yang Xinyu - - 2014
Significant progress has been made in understanding the toxicity of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) under carefully controlled laboratory conditions. Natural organic matter (NOM) is omnipresent in complex environmental systems where it may alter the behavior of nanoparticles in these systems. We exposed the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to Ag NP suspensions ...
Brian Caleb W CW Department of Chemistry and School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, - - 2014
The effect of physical aging on surface diffusion has been determined for two organic glasses, Indomethacin and Nifedipine. The two systems exhibit similar aging kinetics typical of organic glasses. Surface diffusivity remains unchanged despite significant bulk aging that nearly equilibrates the systems and increases the bulk relaxation time by orders ...
Mahoney Rebekah E RE Department of Physiology and Barshop Institute of Longevity and Aging Studies, University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas - - 2014
Homeostatic plasticity functions within the nervous system to maintain normal neural functions, such as neurotransmission, within predefined optimal ranges. The defined output of these neuronal processes is referred to as the set point, which is the value that the homeostatic system defends against fluctuations. Currently, it is unknown how stable ...
Ulguim Rafael R RR ReproPel, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, 96010-900, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
This study evaluated female lifetime productivity in a swine integration system of Brazil that combines segregated gilt development units called fourth sites (4S) and sow farms (SF). Records of 5,013 culled females from 3 4S and 10 SF were evaluated. The most frequent culling reasons were locomotor problems, in 4S, ...
Calhim S S Division of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Department of Biology & Environmental Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland; Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku, - - 2014
Mimicry is a widespread phenomenon. Vertebrate visual mimicry often operates in an intraspecific sexual context, with some males resembling conspecific females. Pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) dorsal plumage varies from the ancestral black to female-like brown. Experimental studies have shown that conspecific and heterospecific (collared flycatcher, F. albicollis) individuals of both sexes ...
Mate Ianire - - 2014
The health maintenance depends on the preservation of the homeostatic systems, such as nervous, endocrine and immune system, and a proper communication between them. In this regard, the circadian system, which promotes a better functionality of physiological systems and thus well being, could be considered part of that homeostatic complex, ...
Klinker Charlotte D - - 2014
Knowledge on domain-specific physical activity (PA) has the potential to advance public health interventions and inform new policies promoting children's PA. The purpose of this study is to identify and assess domains (leisure, school, transport, home) and subdomains (e.g., recess, playgrounds, and urban green space) for week day moderate to ...
Knowlton A A AA The Department of Veteran's Affairs, Northern California VA, Sacramento, CA; Molecular & Cellular Cardiology, Departments of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of California, Davis. Electronic address: - - 2014
Estrogen has a plethora of effects in the cardiovascular system. Studies of estrogen and the heart span human clinical trials and basic cell and molecular investigations. Greater understanding of cell and molecular responses to estrogens can provide further insights into the findings of clinical studies. Differences in expression and cellular/intracellular ...
Ishibashi Kenji K Research Team for Neuroimaging, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo 173-0022, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report serial dopamine transporter (DAT) positron emission tomography (PET) scanning in a patient with Parkinson's disease (PD). Six months after motor symptom onset, the patient was diagnosed with PD, Hoehn-Yahr stage 1 at age 71, and underwent DAT PET scanning at ages 71, 72, 74, and 75. Volumes-of-interest were ...
Leung May May MM Nutrition Program, City University of New York School of Public Health, Hunter College, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether a single exposure to a Manga comic (Japanese comic art) with multiple messages promoting fruit intake influenced snack selection in minority urban youth. Fifty-seven youth (mean age 10.8 y; 54% female; 74% black/African American) attending after-school programs in Brooklyn, NY participated in a pilot study in which they ...
Heinrich K K Institute for Experimental Dermatology, DermaTronnier, University of Witten/Herdecke, Witten, - - 2014
The human skin barrier is an important part of the skin's intactness and its functionality is a precondition for healthy skin. Ingredients in cosmetic formulations, especially penetration enhancers, can influence this barrier function as they transport active agents into deeper skin layers. In this study different cosmetic formulations were tested ...
Cleland Verity V Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Tasmania, - - 2014
This study aimed to determine whether associations between the perceived environment and physical activity are moderated by urban-rural status among mid-older aged adults. Environmental (safety, aesthetics, physical activity environment) and physical activity (total, leisure, transport) data from 3888 adults (55-65 years) from urban and rural areas of Victoria, Australia, were ...
Korshøj Mette M a The National Research Centre for the Working Environment , Copenhagen Ø , - - 2014
The validity of inclinometer measurements by ActiGraph GT3X+ (AG) accelerometer, when analysed with the Acti4 customised software, was examined by comparison of inclinometer measurements with a reference system (TrakStar) in a protocol with standardised arm movements and simulated working tasks. The sensors were placed at the upper arm (distal to ...
Kolluri G G a Department of Poultry - - 2014
Abstract 1. The objective of the experiment was to determine the influence of age, sex and rearing system on Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) gene expression in gut, lung and lymphoid tissues and physiological responses to stress were determined in male and female indigenous ducks of Tamil Nadu, India. 2. A ...
Schoettle Brandon - - 2014
Objective: This survey examined why a substantial percentage of young adults currently do not have a driver's license and the future plans of this group concerning obtaining a license. Method: A questionnaire was developed to examine several issues related to an individual's decision not to obtain a driver's license. An ...
Aleksandrowicz Lukasz - - 2014
Verbal autopsy (VA) has been proposed to determine the cause of death (COD) distributions in settings where most deaths occur without medical attention or certification. We develop performance criteria for VA-based COD systems and apply these to the Registrar General of India's ongoing, nationally-representative Indian Million Death Study (MDS). Performance ...
Kienteka Marilson - - 2014
Bicycling is an important form of physical activity that can promote health benefits. The objective of this study was to analyze the association between personal and behavioral aspects in transportation bicycling and leisure time bicycling in adults. Data was drawn from a household survey involving 677 adults (53.1% female) in ...
Révész Dóra D Department of Psychiatry, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Institute, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2013
Exposure to chronic stressors is associated with accelerated biological aging as indicated by reduced leukocyte telomere length (LTL). This impact could be because of chronic overactivation of the body's physiological stress systems. This study examined the associations between LTL and the immune system, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and autonomic nervous system. LTL ...
Gardner William P WP Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM - - 2013
In this study, we use PFLOTRAN, a highly scalable, parallel, flow, and reactive transport code to simulate the concentrations of (3) H, (3) He, CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, SF6 , (39) Ar, and the mean groundwater age in heterogeneous fields on grids with an excess of 10 million nodes. We utilize ...
Lamb Michael P MP Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA - - 2013
Many bedrock canyons on Earth and Mars were eroded by upstream propagating headwalls, and a prominent goal in geomorphology and planetary science is to determine formation processes from canyon morphology. A diagnostic link between process and form remains highly controversial, however, and field investigations that isolate controls on canyon morphology ...
Govindaraju D R DR Division of Gerontology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, 330 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA, 02215, USA, - - 2013
Aging process or senescence affects the expression of a wide range of phenotypic traits throughout the life span of organisms. These traits often show modular, synergistic, and even antagonistic relationships, and are also influenced by genomic, developmental, physiological and environmental factors. The cardiovascular system (CVS) in humans represents a major ...
Farley K A - - 2013
We determined radiogenic and cosmogenic noble gases in a mudstone on the floor of Gale crater. A K-Ar age of 4.21 ± 0.35 Ga represents a mixture of detrital and authigenic components, and confirms the expected antiquity of rocks comprising the crater rim. Cosmic-ray-produced (3)He, (21)Ne, and (36)Ar yield concordant ...
Bergoug H - - 2013
This experiment studied the effect of transportation duration of 1-d-old chicks on dehydration, mortality, production performance, and pododermatitis during the growout period. Eggs from the same breeder flock (Ross PM3) were collected at 35, 45, and 56 wk of age, for 3 successive identical experiments. In each experiment, newly hatched ...
Pei-Pei Yan Y Department of Histology and Embryology, Jilin Medical College, Jilin 132013, - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a commonly used phenolic environmental estrogen. Long-term exposure of female mammalians to BPA can lead to endocrine disorders, followed by the morphological and functional changes in ovary, uterus, vagina, and oviducts. The interactions of BPA with various target molecules or tissues will cause different effects. To ...
Gebretsadik Zelealem Tesfay - - 2013
A study was conducted in Tigrai, Northern Ethiopia to describe the sheep breeds and their production system. The survey was done in selected districts known for their high sheep population density. The phenotype characterization identified distinct features for each breed. The breeds are Aberegelle, Ille, Begait, and the common Tigrai ...
Tangmose Sara S Section of Forensic Pathology, Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Frederik V Vej 11, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
As forensic age estimations in the living are performed without medical indication, there is a need for the development of non-ionizing methods. This study investigates the use of 1.0T MRI to visualize the ossification status of the medial end of the clavicle. T2 weighted 3D images were collected from a ...
Gray Daniel T - - 2013
Neurochemical changes in the expression of various proteins within the central auditory system have been associated with natural aging. These changes may compensate in part for the loss of auditory sensitivity arising from two phenomena of the aging auditory system: cochlear histopathologies and increased excitability of central auditory neurons. Recent ...
Yosef Reuven - - 2013
The proximal reasons and ultimal consequences of decisions made during foraging by breeding individuals is widely studied in numerous avian systems. However, the effects of these decisions is more pronounced in migratory birds because they spend more time and energy foraging than on the actual journey itself. The peak flowering ...
Ding Ding - - 2013
Some attributes of neighborhood environments are associated with physical activity among older adults. This study examined whether the associations were moderated by driving status. Older adults from neighborhoods differing in walkability and income completed written surveys and wore accelerometers (n=880, mean age=75 years, 56% women). Neighborhood environments were measured by ...
Wang George Sam - - 2013
To investigate national trends in unintentional pediatric exposures to 3 common alpha-2 agonists: clonidine, guanfacine, and tizanidine. Secondary objectives were to describe outcomes, symptoms, treatments, and death. Retrospective chart review from the American Association of Poison Control Centers National Poison Data System from January 2000 to December 2011 for unintentional ...
Bhat Geeta - - 2013
The U.S. population is shifting to become both older and more racially and ethnically diverse. Our current understanding of U.S. drivers' travel-related needs and concerns by race/ethnicity is limited. Data from the 2010 HealthStyles survey, an annual, cross-sectional, national mail-panel survey of persons ages 18years or older living in the ...
Albert Béatrice - - 2013
We investigated Fraxinus excelsior breeding system using field data collected in a natural population and in a seed orchard. First, we attested functional trioecy (co-occurrence of males, hermaphrodites and females), with males producing pollen, hermaphrodites producing both pollen and seeds simultaneously, and females producing seeds. Second, we found that the ...
Shi Huabin - - 2013
A numerical model based on the random walk particle tracking technique is developed to simulate the transport of the contaminants discharged into the coastal area of Guangxi, China from rivers. The model couples a 1D river flow module and a 2D coastal circulation module. Two transport timescales, i.e., the age ...
Gao Junyuan - - 2013
Age-related nuclear cataracts involve denaturation and aggregation of intracellular proteins. We have documented age-dependent changes in membrane transport in the mouse lens to see what might initiate changes in the intracellular milieu. Microelectrode-based intracellular impedance studies of intact lenses were used to determine gap junction coupling conductance, fiber and surface ...
Farmer A D - - 2013
Esophageal intubation is a widely utilized technique for a diverse array of physiological studies, activating a complex physiological response mediated, in part, by the autonomic nervous system (ANS). In order to determine the optimal time period after intubation when physiological observations should be recorded, it is important to know the ...
Alkmim Teixeira Ricardo - - 2013
To perform a comprehensive evaluation of heart rhythm disorders and the influence of disease/therapy factors in a large systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cohort.METHODS AND RESULTS: Three hundred and seventeen consecutive patients of an ongoing electronic database protocol were evaluated by resting electrocardiogram and 142 were randomly selected for 24 h ...
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