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Paneni Francesco F *Cardiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, - - 2015
The incidence of stroke and myocardial infarction increases in aged patients and it is associated with an adverse outcome. Considering the aging population and the increasing incidence of cardiovascular disease, the prediction for population well-being and health economics is daunting. Accordingly, there is an unmet need to focus on fundamental ...
Fritzsche K K Department of Animal Evolutionary Ecology, Institute for Evolution and Ecology, University of Tübingen, Auf der Morgenstelle 28, 72076 Tübingen, - - 2014
Coevolution between the sexes is often considered to be male-driven: the male genome is constantly scanned by selection for traits that increase relative male fertilization success. Whenever these traits are harmful to females, the female genome is scanned for resistance traits. The resulting antagonistic coevolution between the sexes is analogous ...
Eaves Alexandra A AA a Stantec Consulting, Ltd. , 141 Kelsey Drive, St. John's , Newfoundland A1B 0L2 , - - 2014
Abstract A study conducted from August to October 2013 surveyed Threespine Sticklebacks Gasterosteus aculeatus (n = 822) for the presence of parasitic copepods in the vicinity of large sea-cage salmonid farms in Bay d'Espoir, Newfoundland. The majority of parasitic copepods surveyed were Ergasilus labracis (n = 4,684). Other parasitic copepods ...
Asci A A Hacettepe University, Faculty of Pharmacy Department of Toxicology, Ankara, Turkey - - - 2014
Recently, it was reported that the development of breast tissue and secondary sex characteristics in girls occurred at much younger age and the incidences of premature thelarce (PT) and central idiopathic precocious puberty (ICPP) are increasing. In this context, we wanted to evaluate the mycoestrogen exposure as triggering factor for ...
Zou Yuan-Feng YF Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1068, Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two pectic polysaccharides, 50WCP-II-I and 100WCP-II-I, were obtained from 50 and 100°C water extracts of Codonopsis pilosula roots by ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration. The study of the sub-fractions obtained after pectinase degradation showed that the complement fixation activities of these pectins are expressed mainly by their ramified regions. ...
Helle Samuli S Section of Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland - - 2014
A shift from nomadic foraging to sedentary agriculture was a major turning point in human evolutionary history, increasing our population size and eventually leading to the development of modern societies. We however lack understanding of the changes in life histories that contributed to the increased population growth rate of agriculturalists, ...
Dubuc Constance C Center for the Study of Human Origins, Department of Anthropology, New York University, 25 Waverly Place, New York, NY 10003, USA - - 2014
Sexual selection promotes the prevalence of heritable traits that increase an individual's reproductive rate. Despite theoretically strong directional selection, sexually selected traits can show inter-individual variation. Here, we investigate whether red skin ornamentation, a rare example of a male mammalian trait involved in mate attraction, influences fecundity and is heritable ...
Bonati Maria Teresa MT aIstituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Milan bDipartimento di Scienze del Sistema Nervoso e del Comportamento, Università di Pavia cDipartimento di Sanità Pubblica, Medicina Sperimentale e Forense, Università di Pavia dCentro di Medicina Preventiva, Gubbio eDipartimento di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università di Salerno fAssociation for Cardiac Research, Rome gDipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale, Università Federico II, Napoli hUniversità di Milano, Centro di Fisiologia Clinica e Ipertensione, - - 2014
Prospective investigations on cardiovascular risk factors in populations provide a unique opportunity to dissect time-dependent quantitative complex traits, such as arterial blood pressure (BP), into their polygenic and environmental components. BP heritability analyses were carried out on 2620 patients belonging to 711 nuclear pedigrees that could be followed up throughout ...
Huang Zeping Z Department of Medical Ultrasonics, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2014
Real-time shear wave elastography (SWE) is a novel two-dimensional elastographic method that is used to estimate the severity of liver fibrosis. However, the normal range of liver stiffness (LS) and the possible factors that influence SWE are not well understood. The aims of the current study are to define the ...
Max Andersen Marie Louise C ML Department of Pediatrics, Herlev Hospital, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To validate the partial remission (PR) definition based on insulin dose-adjusted HbA1c (IDAA1c). The IDAA1c was developed using data in 251 children from the European Hvidoere cohort. For validation, 129 children from a Danish cohort were followed from the onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) ...
Macrini Thomas E TE Department of Biological Sciences, St. Mary's University, San Antonio, - - 2014
Homology of turbinals, or scroll bones, of the mammalian ethmoid bone is poorly known and complicated by a varied terminology. Positionally, there are two main types of ossified adult turbinals known as endoturbinals and ectoturbinals, and their cartilaginous precursors are called ethmoturbinals and frontoturbinals, respectively. Endoturbinals are considered to be ...
Mach Ondrej O Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, - - 2014
In 2009, enhanced poliovirus surveillance was established in polio-endemic areas of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, India, to assess poliovirus infection in older individuals. In Uttar Pradesh, stool specimens from asymptomatic household and neighborhood contacts of patients with laboratory-confirmed polio were tested for polioviruses. In Bihar, in community-based surveillance, children and ...
Alleman Mary M MM Global Immunization - - 2014
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) experienced atypical outbreaks of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) infection during 2010-2011 in that they affected persons aged ≥15 years in 4 (Bandundu, Bas Congo, Kasaï Occidental, and Kinshasa provinces) of the 6 provinces with outbreaks. Analyses of cases of WPV1 infection with ...
Meunier-Salaün M C MC 1INRA,UMR1348 PEGASE,F-35590 - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of selection for residual feed intake (RFI) on the behavioural activity of lines divergently selected for RFI during seven generations. In all, six successive batches from the seventh generation of selection were raised in collective pens equipped with a single-place ...
Park Seon Cheol SC Department of Psychiatry, Yong-In Mental Hospital, Yongin, Korea.; Institute of Mental Health, Hanyang University, Seoul, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of age at onset of the first major depressive episode on the clinical features of individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) in a large cohort of Korean depressed patients. We recruited 419 MDD patients of age over 18 years from ...
Coyne Sarah M SM 1 Department of Radiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave, Cincinnati, OH - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purposes of this study were to determine whether age-related changes in appendiceal diameter identified on CT and pathology are apparent on sonography and to assess the relationship between normal appendiceal diameter and patient-specific factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Ultrasound examinations from 388 unique pediatric patients with normal appendixes, evenly ...
Bai Chyi-Huey CH Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
Body iron levels have recently been shown to be a strong predictor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of NAFLD in a general adult population, and to investigate the relationship between body iron levels, NAFLD and the metabolic syndrome (MetS). ...
Rivas-Marino Gabriela G University of Sydney, School of Public Health, Sydney Medical School, Sydney, - - 2014
The obesity epidemic in Mexico is increasing and represents a considerable public health challenge. The population aged 50 years and older is also increasing and is not exempt from the obesity rise. We aimed to determine the current prevalence of Body Mass Index (BMI) categories in a sample of Mexicans ...
Suresh Sadasivam - - 2014
Background:Poor fetal growth rate is associated with lower respiratory function; however there is limited understanding of the impact of growth trends and body mass index(BMI) during childhood on adult respiratory function. Methods:The present study data are from the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy birth cohort. Prospective data were available ...
Paloneva Juha J Department of Surgery, Central Finland Hospital, Keskussairaalantie 19 , 40620 Jyväskylä , - - 2014
Background and purpose - An increased incidence rate of acromioplasty has been reported; we analyzed data from the Finnish National Hospital Discharge Register. Patients and methods - During the 14-year study period (1998-2011), 68,877 acromioplasties without rotator cuff repair were performed on subjects aged 18 years or older. Results - ...
Kang Minsoo M Department of Health and Human Performance, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the minimum number of days needed to assess reliable estimates of step-count data for children based on age and gender. A total of 428 developing children (at least 30 boys and 30 girls in seven two-year intervals from 2-3 years to 14-15 years of ...
Ohlberger Jan J http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6795-240X Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1066 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway - - 2014
Climate-induced shifts in the timing of life-history events are a worldwide phenomenon, and these shifts can de-synchronize species interactions such as predator-prey relationships. In order to understand the ecological implications of altered seasonality, we need to consider how shifts in phenology interact with other agents of environmental change such as ...
Wagner A A Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, EA 3430, FMTS, University of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:The omega-3 index (the summed percentage content of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids in red blood cells) is associated with a lower risk of fatal coronary heart disease and sudden cardiac death. We aimed to determine which socio-demographic, behavioural or clinical factors are independently associated with the omega-3 index and the ...
Trigo Carmen - - 2014
Sorption of four herbicides and a metabolite of indaziflam on a fresh macadamia nut biochar and biochars aged one or two years in soil was characterized. On fresh biochar, the sorption was terbuthylazine (Kd = 595) > indaziflam (Kd = 162) > MCPA (Kd = 7.5) > fluoroethyldiaminotriazine (Kd = ...
Vanicek Thomas T Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) research has long focused on the dopaminergic system's contribution to pathogenesis, although the results have been inconclusive. However, a case has been made for the involvement of the noradrenergic system, which modulates cognitive processes, such as arousal, working memory, and response inhibition, all of which are typically ...
Shu Hao H Department of Neurology, Affiliated ZhongDa Hospital, Neuropsychiatric Institute and Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China Department of Biophysics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2014
The apolipoprotein E (APOE) ϵ4 allele is a confirmed genetic risk factor and the APOE ϵ2 allele is a protective factor related to late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). Intriguingly, recent studies demonstrated similar brain function alterations between APOE ϵ2 and ϵ4 alleles, despite their opposite susceptibilities to AD. To address this ...
Qian Xufang X Division of Materials and Manufacturing Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871 - - 2014
Metal-support interactions (MSIs) and particle size play important roles in catalytic reactions. For the first time, silver nanoparticles supported on CeO2 -SBA-15 supports are reported that possess tunable particle size and MSIs, as prepared by microwave (MW) irradiation, owing to strong charge polarization of CeO2 clusters (i.e., MW absorption). Characterizations, ...
Kajikawa Masato M Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, - - 2014
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their specific receptor, the receptor for AGEs (RAGE), play an important role in atherosclerosis. Recently, a soluble form of RAGE (sRAGE) has been identified in human serum. However, the role of sRAGE in cardiovascular disease is still controversial. There is no information on the ...
Cağlayan Fatma F From the *Faculty of Dentistry, Department of DentoMaxilloFacial Radiology, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey; and †Faculty of Dentistry, Department of DentoMaxilloFacial Radiology, Inonu University, Malatya, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the vertical and horizontal position, angle, and diameter of the mental foramen (MF) according to sex and age by cone beam computed tomography in a Turkish patient population. Cone beam computed tomography records of 192 consecutive patients consisting of 106 women and ...
Lucendo Alfredo J AJ aDepartment of Gastroenterology, Hospital General de Tomelloso, Tomelloso bDepartment of Gastroenterology, Hospital Virgen de Altagracia, Manzanares cDepartment of Gastroenterology dResearch Support Unit, Hospital General La Mancha Centro, Alcázar de San Juan eIBD Unit, Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital General Universitario de Ciudad Real, Ciudad Real fDepartment of Gastroenterology, Hospital Santa Bárbara, Puertollano, - - 2014
A growing incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been reported recently in southern Europe, with records of pediatric cases confirming these tendencies in Spain. Data on adult populations, however, have not been provided for over 10 years and need to be updated. A multicenter retrospective registry of all adult ...
Elfving Pia P Department of Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Finland. - - 2014
To determine the age- and sex-specific incidence rates of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Finland. The incident cases were identified through diagnostic register searches for SLE on the nationwide database of the Social Insurance Institution. During the 8-year study period 599 incident cases occurred (518 females, 81 males). The mean ...
Vandermolen Sebastian - - 2014
Currently a quarter of all patients treated with percutanous coronary intervention (PCI) are aged >75 years, with this proportion steadily growing. This subset of patients have a number of unique characteristics, such as a greater number of cardiovascular risk factors and frequently a larger burden of coronary artery disease, when ...
Benn Angela M L AM Southern District Health Board, Private Bag, 1921, Dunedin, New - - 2014
We investigated the prevalence, associations and impact of xerostomia in a nationally representative sample of dentate adult community-dwelling New Zealanders aged 18 years and above. The data were collected from a representative sample of 2209 adults, as part of the 2009 New Zealand Oral Health Survey (NZOHS). Data were collected ...
Jackson S E SE Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, - - 2014
Background:Despite a wealth of experimental studies on weight bias, little is known about weight discrimination at the population level. This study examined the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of perceived weight discrimination in a large population-based sample of older adults.Methods:Data were from 5307 adults in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing; ...
Sutin Angelina R AR Florida State University College of - - 2014
Research on personality and adiposity has focused primarily on middle-aged and older adults. The present research sought to (1) replicate these associations in a young adult sample, (2) examine whether sex, race, or ethnicity moderate these associations, and (3) test whether personality is associated with the subjective experience of body ...
Basnyat Buddha B Oxford University Clinical Research Unit-Nepal and Nepal International Clinic , Himalayan Rescue Association, Kathmandu, Nepal - - 2014
Abstract Religious pilgrims have been going to high altitude pilgrimages long before trekkers and climbers sojourned in high altitude regions, but the medical literature about high altitude pilgrimage is sparse. Gosainkunda Lake (4300 m) near Kathmandu, Nepal, and Shri Amarnath Yatra (3800 m) in Sri Nagar, Kashmir, India, are the two sites ...
Trinh Joanne J Djavad Mowafaghian Centre for Brain Health, Centre of Applied Neurogenetics, Department of Medical Genetics, University of British Columbia, - - 2014
Mutations in SNCA, LRRK2, VPS35, EIF4G1, and DNAJC13 have been implicated in late-onset familial parkinsonism. However, the estimated disease penetrance of these mutations varies widely. To compare penetrance of various mutations reported in published genetic studies to improve the understanding of late-onset parkinsonism. Forty-nine previously published studies, including 709 participants, ...
Mutagoma Mwumvaneza M Rwanda Biomedical Center, Ministry of Health, Kigali, Rwanda - - 2014
HIV prevalence is disproportionately high among female sex workers compared to the general population. Many African countries lack useful data on the size of female sex worker populations to inform national HIV programs. A female sex worker size estimation exercise using three different venue-based methodologies was conducted among female sex ...
Dong Xinqi X Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, Rush University Medical Center and - - 2014
Experiences of discrimination are detrimental to health and well-being. This study aimed to examine experiences of discrimination and responses to unfair treatment among community-dwelling U.S. Chinese older adults. Guided by a community-based participatory research approach, 3,159 community-dwelling Chinese older adults aged 60 years and older in the Greater Chicago area ...
Wei Juan J Department of Chemistry, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, - - 2014
The collisionally activated dissociation (CAD) and electron capture dissociation (ECD) of doubly charged tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate (TPGS) have been examined. Li(+), Na(+), K(+), Ag(+), and H(+) were selected in the study, and the competitive influence of each ion was investigated by fragmenting TPGS attached with two different cations, [M + X1 + X2](2+) ...
Bian Jiang-Hui JH Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining, 810001, - - 2014
1.The hypothesis that maternal effects act as an adaptive bridge in translating maternal environments into offspring phenotypes and thereby affecting population dynamics has not been studied in the well-controlled fields. 2.In this study, the effects of maternal population-density on offspring stress axis, reproduction and population dynamics were studied in root ...
Nagel Manuela M Genebank Department, Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK Gatersleben), - - 2014
Globally, over 7.4 million accessions of crop seeds are stored in genebanks, and conservation of genotypic variation is pivotal for breeding. We combined genetic and biochemical approaches to obtain a broad overview of factors that influence seed storability and ageing in barley (Hordeum vulgare). Seeds from a germplasm collection of ...
Falys Ceri G CG Department of Archaeology, School of Archaeology, Geography and Environmental Science, University of Reading, Reading, Berkshire, RG6 6AB, - - 2014
The sternal end of the clavicle has been illustrated to be useful in aging young adults, however, no studies have investigated what age-related changes occur to the sternal end post epiphyseal fusion. In this study, three morphological features (i.e., surface topography, porosity, and osteophyte formation) were examined and scored using ...
Amir Dorsa D Reproductive Ecology Laboratory, Department of Anthropology, Yale University, New Haven, - - 2014
Cortisol levels exhibit a diurnal rhythm in healthy men, with peaks in the morning and troughs in the evening. Throughout age, however, this rhythm tends to flatten. This diurnal flattening has been demonstrated in a majority of industrialized populations, although the results have not been unanimous. Regardless, little attention has ...
Schrader Sarah A SA Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz CA, - - 2014
Located 10 km south of the Third Cataract of the Nile River, the ancient city of Kerma was once capital to the second largest state in Africa. The Eastern Cemetery at Kerma (∼4 km east of city center) encompasses 80+ hectares and was used over a period of 1,500 years ...
Vorona Robert Daniel RD Department of Internal Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, - - 2014
Early high school start times (EHSST) may lead to sleep loss in adolescents ("teens"), thus resulting in higher crash rates. (Vorona et al., 2011). In this study, we examined two other adjacent Virginia counties for the two years subsequent to the above-mentioned study. We again hypothesized that teens from jurisdictions ...
Ran Yunxia Y Key Laboratory of Materials Physics and Anhui Key Laboratory of Nanomaterials and Technology, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China. slji@issp.ac.cn - - 2014
The synthesis of long and thin Ag nanowires is important to achieve high performance transparent conductive films. We report a one-step route to synthesizing Ag nanowires with an average diameter of ∼25 nm and an aspect ratio larger than 1000 by utilizing a mixture of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) with different molecular weights ...
Khalyfa Abdelnaby A Section of Pediatric Sleep Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Comer Children's Hospital, Biological Sciences Division, The University of Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Excessive sleep fragmentation (SF) is common in pregnant women. Adult-onset metabolic disorders may begin during early development and exhibit substantial sex dimorphism. We hypothesized that metabolic dysfunction induced by gestational SF in male mice would not be apparent in female littermates. Body weight and food consumption were measured weekly in ...
Cardoso Rodolfo C RC R Cardoso, Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, 77843, United - - 2014
Feeding a high-concentrate diet to heifers during the juvenile period, resulting in increased body weight (BW) gain and adiposity, leads to early onset of puberty. Herein, we tested the hypothesis that the increase in GnRH/LH release during nutritional acceleration of puberty is accompanied by reciprocal changes in circulating leptin and ...
Han Thang S TS T Han, Endocrinology, St Peter's NHS Foundation Trust, Chertsey, United Kingdom - - 2014
Background: Social and lifestyle influences on age-related changes in body morphology are complex because lifestyle and physiological response to social stress can affect body fat differently. Objective: We examined the associations of socioeconomic status (SES) and lifestyle factors with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in middle-aged and ...
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