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Paneni Francesco F *Cardiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, - - 2015
The incidence of stroke and myocardial infarction increases in aged patients and it is associated with an adverse outcome. Considering the aging population and the increasing incidence of cardiovascular disease, the prediction for population well-being and health economics is daunting. Accordingly, there is an unmet need to focus on fundamental ...
Eaves Alexandra A AA a Stantec Consulting, Ltd. , 141 Kelsey Drive, St. John's , Newfoundland A1B 0L2 , - - 2014
Abstract A study conducted from August to October 2013 surveyed Threespine Sticklebacks Gasterosteus aculeatus (n = 822) for the presence of parasitic copepods in the vicinity of large sea-cage salmonid farms in Bay d'Espoir, Newfoundland. The majority of parasitic copepods surveyed were Ergasilus labracis (n = 4,684). Other parasitic copepods ...
Zou Yuan-Feng YF Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1068, Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two pectic polysaccharides, 50WCP-II-I and 100WCP-II-I, were obtained from 50 and 100°C water extracts of Codonopsis pilosula roots by ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration. The study of the sub-fractions obtained after pectinase degradation showed that the complement fixation activities of these pectins are expressed mainly by their ramified regions. ...
Helle Samuli S Section of Ecology, Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014 Turku, Finland - - 2014
A shift from nomadic foraging to sedentary agriculture was a major turning point in human evolutionary history, increasing our population size and eventually leading to the development of modern societies. We however lack understanding of the changes in life histories that contributed to the increased population growth rate of agriculturalists, ...
Dubuc Constance C Center for the Study of Human Origins, Department of Anthropology, New York University, 25 Waverly Place, New York, NY 10003, USA - - 2014
Sexual selection promotes the prevalence of heritable traits that increase an individual's reproductive rate. Despite theoretically strong directional selection, sexually selected traits can show inter-individual variation. Here, we investigate whether red skin ornamentation, a rare example of a male mammalian trait involved in mate attraction, influences fecundity and is heritable ...
Bonati Maria Teresa MT aIstituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, Milan bDipartimento di Scienze del Sistema Nervoso e del Comportamento, Università di Pavia cDipartimento di Sanità Pubblica, Medicina Sperimentale e Forense, Università di Pavia dCentro di Medicina Preventiva, Gubbio eDipartimento di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università di Salerno fAssociation for Cardiac Research, Rome gDipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale, Università Federico II, Napoli hUniversità di Milano, Centro di Fisiologia Clinica e Ipertensione, - - 2014
Prospective investigations on cardiovascular risk factors in populations provide a unique opportunity to dissect time-dependent quantitative complex traits, such as arterial blood pressure (BP), into their polygenic and environmental components. BP heritability analyses were carried out on 2620 patients belonging to 711 nuclear pedigrees that could be followed up throughout ...
Huang Zeping Z Department of Medical Ultrasonics, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2014
Real-time shear wave elastography (SWE) is a novel two-dimensional elastographic method that is used to estimate the severity of liver fibrosis. However, the normal range of liver stiffness (LS) and the possible factors that influence SWE are not well understood. The aims of the current study are to define the ...
Max Andersen Marie Louise C ML Department of Pediatrics, Herlev Hospital, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To validate the partial remission (PR) definition based on insulin dose-adjusted HbA1c (IDAA1c). The IDAA1c was developed using data in 251 children from the European Hvidoere cohort. For validation, 129 children from a Danish cohort were followed from the onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) ...
Macrini Thomas E TE Department of Biological Sciences, St. Mary's University, San Antonio, - - 2014
Homology of turbinals, or scroll bones, of the mammalian ethmoid bone is poorly known and complicated by a varied terminology. Positionally, there are two main types of ossified adult turbinals known as endoturbinals and ectoturbinals, and their cartilaginous precursors are called ethmoturbinals and frontoturbinals, respectively. Endoturbinals are considered to be ...
Mach Ondrej O Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, - - 2014
In 2009, enhanced poliovirus surveillance was established in polio-endemic areas of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, India, to assess poliovirus infection in older individuals. In Uttar Pradesh, stool specimens from asymptomatic household and neighborhood contacts of patients with laboratory-confirmed polio were tested for polioviruses. In Bihar, in community-based surveillance, children and ...
Alleman Mary M MM Global Immunization - - 2014
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) experienced atypical outbreaks of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) infection during 2010-2011 in that they affected persons aged ≥15 years in 4 (Bandundu, Bas Congo, Kasaï Occidental, and Kinshasa provinces) of the 6 provinces with outbreaks. Analyses of cases of WPV1 infection with ...
Meunier-Salaün M C MC 1INRA,UMR1348 PEGASE,F-35590 - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of selection for residual feed intake (RFI) on the behavioural activity of lines divergently selected for RFI during seven generations. In all, six successive batches from the seventh generation of selection were raised in collective pens equipped with a single-place ...
Park Seon Cheol SC Department of Psychiatry, Yong-In Mental Hospital, Yongin, Korea.; Institute of Mental Health, Hanyang University, Seoul, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of age at onset of the first major depressive episode on the clinical features of individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD) in a large cohort of Korean depressed patients. We recruited 419 MDD patients of age over 18 years from ...
Bai Chyi-Huey CH Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan, Republic of - - 2014
Body iron levels have recently been shown to be a strong predictor for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of NAFLD in a general adult population, and to investigate the relationship between body iron levels, NAFLD and the metabolic syndrome (MetS). ...
Ohlberger Jan J http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6795-240X Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biosciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1066 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway - - 2014
Climate-induced shifts in the timing of life-history events are a worldwide phenomenon, and these shifts can de-synchronize species interactions such as predator-prey relationships. In order to understand the ecological implications of altered seasonality, we need to consider how shifts in phenology interact with other agents of environmental change such as ...
Dong Xinqi X Rush Institute for Healthy Aging, Rush University Medical Center and - - 2014
Experiences of discrimination are detrimental to health and well-being. This study aimed to examine experiences of discrimination and responses to unfair treatment among community-dwelling U.S. Chinese older adults. Guided by a community-based participatory research approach, 3,159 community-dwelling Chinese older adults aged 60 years and older in the Greater Chicago area ...
Wei Juan J Department of Chemistry, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, - - 2014
The collisionally activated dissociation (CAD) and electron capture dissociation (ECD) of doubly charged tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate (TPGS) have been examined. Li(+), Na(+), K(+), Ag(+), and H(+) were selected in the study, and the competitive influence of each ion was investigated by fragmenting TPGS attached with two different cations, [M + X1 + X2](2+) ...
Vorona Robert Daniel RD Department of Internal Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, - - 2014
Early high school start times (EHSST) may lead to sleep loss in adolescents ("teens"), thus resulting in higher crash rates. (Vorona et al., 2011). In this study, we examined two other adjacent Virginia counties for the two years subsequent to the above-mentioned study. We again hypothesized that teens from jurisdictions ...
Ran Yunxia Y Key Laboratory of Materials Physics and Anhui Key Laboratory of Nanomaterials and Technology, Institute of Solid State Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, China. slji@issp.ac.cn - - 2014
The synthesis of long and thin Ag nanowires is important to achieve high performance transparent conductive films. We report a one-step route to synthesizing Ag nanowires with an average diameter of ∼25 nm and an aspect ratio larger than 1000 by utilizing a mixture of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) with different molecular weights ...
Khalyfa Abdelnaby A Section of Pediatric Sleep Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Comer Children's Hospital, Biological Sciences Division, The University of Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Excessive sleep fragmentation (SF) is common in pregnant women. Adult-onset metabolic disorders may begin during early development and exhibit substantial sex dimorphism. We hypothesized that metabolic dysfunction induced by gestational SF in male mice would not be apparent in female littermates. Body weight and food consumption were measured weekly in ...
Cardoso Rodolfo C RC R Cardoso, Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, 77843, United - - 2014
Feeding a high-concentrate diet to heifers during the juvenile period, resulting in increased body weight (BW) gain and adiposity, leads to early onset of puberty. Herein, we tested the hypothesis that the increase in GnRH/LH release during nutritional acceleration of puberty is accompanied by reciprocal changes in circulating leptin and ...
Han Thang S TS T Han, Endocrinology, St Peter's NHS Foundation Trust, Chertsey, United Kingdom - - 2014
Background: Social and lifestyle influences on age-related changes in body morphology are complex because lifestyle and physiological response to social stress can affect body fat differently. Objective: We examined the associations of socioeconomic status (SES) and lifestyle factors with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in middle-aged and ...
Satariano William A WA School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley . - - 2014
Mobility disability is associated with poor lower body function among older adults. This study examines whether specific types of neighborhood characteristics moderate that association. This study is based on a cross-sectional sample of 884 people aged ≥ 65 years identified through service organizations in Alameda County, CA; Cook County, IL; ...
Van Etten Megan L ML Institute of Agriculture and Environment, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand - - 2014
Gynodioecy, the co-occurrence of female and hermaphroditic individuals, is thought to be an intermediate step between hermaphroditism and separate sexes, a major transition in flowering plants. Because retaining females in a population requires that they have increased seed fitness (to compensate for the lack of pollen fitness), factors that affect ...
Levy Becca R BR Social and Behavioral Sciences Division, School of Public Health, Yale University - - 2014
Negative age stereotypes that older individuals assimilate from their culture predict detrimental outcomes, including worse physical function. We examined, for the first time, whether positive age stereotypes, presented subliminally across multiple sessions in the community, would lead to improved outcomes. Each of 100 older individuals (age = 61-99 years, M ...
Singh Jasvinder A JA Medicine Service, Birmingham VA Medical Center, Birmingham, AL, USA, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare patient characteristics, utilization rates, and outcomes after total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) by sex. We used the nationwide inpatient sample from 1998 to 2011 to study sex-related time trends in patient characteristics, comorbidity, and outcomes after TEA. We used chi-squared test, analysis of ...
Kong Wei-Na WN Laboratory of Molecular Iron Metabolism, College of Life Science, The Key Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Hebei Province, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, 050016, Hebei Province, P.R. China; Bioreactor and Protein Drug Research and Development Center of Hebei Universities, Hebei Chemical and Pharmaceutical College, Shijiazhuang, 050026, Hebei Province, P. R. - - 2014
The body's requirement for iron is different at different developmental stages. However, the molecular mechanisms of age-dependent iron metabolism are poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the expression of iron transport proteins in the duodenum of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats at five different age stages. Male SD rats at ...
Leung Cindy W CW Cindy W. Leung is with the Center for Health and Community, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco. Barbara A. Laraia is with the School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley. Belinda Needham is with the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. David H. Rehkopf is with the Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA. Nancy E. Adler and Elissa S. Epel are with the Center for Health and Community and the Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco. Jue Lin and Elizabeth H. Blackburn are with the Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San - - 2014
Objectives. We tested whether leukocyte telomere length maintenance, which underlies healthy cellular aging, provides a link between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and the risk of cardiometabolic disease. Methods. We examined cross-sectional associations between the consumption of SSBs, diet soda, and fruit juice and telomere length in a nationally representative sample ...
Mangialasche Francesca F Section of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Department of Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy Aging Research Center, Karolinska Institutet-Stockholm University, Stockholm, - - 2014
Background: Specific mechanisms behind the role of oxidative/nitrosative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis remain elusive. Mitochondrial aconitase (ACO2) is a Krebs cycle enzyme sensitive to free radical-mediated damage. Objective: We assessed activity and expression of ACO2 extracted from blood lymphocytes of subjects with AD, mild cognitive ...
Nau Claudia C Johns Hopkins Global Obesity Prevention Center, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
Longitudinal studies of the role of community context in childhood obesity are lacking. The objective of this study was to examine associations of community socio economic deprivation (CSD) with trajectories of change in body mass index (BMI) in childhood and adolescence. Data came from electronic health records on 163,473 children ...
Sardinha Luís B LB Exercise and Health Laboratory, CIPER, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, Cruz-Quebrada, Portugal. - - 2014
Physical function is a key determinant that corresponds to the physiological capacity of older adults to perform normal everyday activities, safely and independently, without undue fatigue. We examined the associations of sedentary behavior (SB), breaks in sedentary time (BST), and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) with physical function in older adults. ...
Smith Emily J EJ Department of Sociology, University of California, - - 2014
This study examines the association of age and other sociodemographic variables with properties of personal networks; using samples of individuals residing in the rural western United States and the City of Los Angeles, we evaluate the degree to which these associations vary with geographical context. For both samples, we test ...
Song In-Uk IU Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
Background: Microglia in the brain are the counterpart of macrophages and it functions as a first defense in the brain. The double-edged feature of microglia has explained that the inflammatory state of microglia in aged brains induces them to over-respond to small stimuli that are otherwise well controlled in young ...
Mölter Anna A For a list of the authors affiliations see the Acknowledgements section - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of six traffic-related air pollution metrics (nitrogen dioxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter <10 μm (PM10), PM2.5, coarse particulate matter and PM2.5 absorbance) on childhood asthma and wheeze prevalence in five European birth cohorts: MAAS (England, UK), ...
Lehtonen Jussi J Evolutionary Biology, Zoological Institute, University of Basel, Vesalgasse 1, Basel CH-4051, Switzerland - - 2014
Males and females are a fundamental aspect of human reproduction, yet procreation is perfectly possible without this division into two sexes. Biologically, males are defined as the sex that produces the smaller gametes (e.g. sperm), implying that the male and female sexes only exist in species with gamete dimorphism (anisogamy). ...
Amoafo E E Imperial College Business School, London, - - 2014
Burnout syndrome is well established as a condition that affects a significant proportion of practising doctors. Although much literature exists on the prevalence of burnout, only specific variables associated with this condition have been analysed. To identify and categorize key factors that are associated with burnout across various medical specialities ...
Patterson Cc C Centre of Excellence for Public Health Northern Ireland, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, - - 2014
The month of diagnosis in childhood type 1 diabetes shows seasonal variation. We describe the pattern and investigate if year-to-year irregularities are associated with meteorological factors using data from 50 000 children diagnosed under the age of 15 yr in 23 population-based European registries during 1989-2008. Tests for seasonal variation in monthly ...
Wang Yu - - 2014
MCL (mantle cell lymphoma) is a rare subtype of NHL (non-Hodgkin lymphoma) with mostly poor prognosis. Different races have different etiology, presentation, and progression patterns. Data were analyzed on MCL patients in the United States reported to the SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results) database between 1992 and 2009. SEER ...
Holz Nathalie E NE Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim / Heidelberg University, Mannheim, - - 2014
Converging evidence has highlighted the association between poverty and conduct disorder (CD) without specifying neurobiological pathways. Neuroimaging research has emphasized structural and functional alterations in the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) as one key mechanism underlying this disorder. The present study aimed to clarify the long-term influence of early poverty on OFC ...
Wrobel Goldberg Stephanie S Headache Center, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 900 Walnut Street, Suite 200, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, USA, - - 2014
Tension-type headache (TTH) is the most prevalent headache type in all age groups worldwide, including patients with advanced age. Because of its high prevalence and possible association with medical and psychiatric co-morbidities, TTH has a major socioeconomic impact. The lifetime prevalence of TTH ranges between 30 and 78 %, and the ...
Baumgart Mario M Biology of Aging, Leibniz Institute for Age Research, Fritz Lipmann Institute, Jena, - - 2014
Nothobranchius is a genus of annual fish broadly distributed in South-Eastern Africa and found into temporary ponds generated during the rain seasons and their lifespan is limited by the duration of their habitats. Here we compared two Nothobranchius species from radically different environments: N. furzeri and N. korthausae. We found ...
Nepple Jeffrey J JJ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, One Barnes-Jewish Hospital Plaza, Campus Box 8233, St. Louis, MO 63110. E-mail address for J.J. Nepple: - - 2014
Cam-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is generally described as being more common in males, with pincer-type FAI being more common in females. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of sex on FAI subtype, clinical presentation, radiographic findings, and intraoperative findings in patients with symptomatic FAI. We compared ...
Elsherbiny Hisham E HE Division of Nephrology and - - 2014
The relationship of kidney function and CKD risk factors to structural changes in the renal parenchyma of normal adults is unclear. This study assessed whether nephron hypertrophy and nephrosclerosis had similar or different associations with kidney function and risk factors. From 1999 to 2009, 1395 living kidney donors had a ...
Shankar S S Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, Erode, Tamilnadu, - - 2014
The occurrence of specific low back pain (LBP) due to workplace factors has not been well described among kitchen industry workers. This study would claim various risk factors that contributing LBP among kitchen workers. The purpose of the study was to examine the risk factors and the prevalence of LBP ...
Gong Huan H Department of Cell Biology, The Key Laboratory of Geriatrics, Beijing Hospital and Beijing Institute of Geriatrics, Ministry of Health, Dongcheng, Beijing 100730, P.R. - - 2014
Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) has a range of molecular functions and has emerged as an important protein in aging and metabolic regulations. Studies have reported a correlation between disturbance of Sirt1 activity and the onset of aging‑ or obesity‑associated diseases, including diabetes, cardiovascular disease and neurodegenerative disorders. However, a systematic investigation to examine the ...
Durvasula Seeta S Sydney Medical School Northern, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the vitamin D response to sunlight ultraviolet radiation in older people. Increases in vitamin D depended on the season of exposure, but the changes were small. Natural sun exposure is not a practical intervention for vitamin D deficiency in this population. The ...
Coura Fernanda Morcatti FM Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, Escola de Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av. Antônio Carlos, 6627, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, 31270-010, - - 2014
This prospective longitudinal study investigated the epidemiology of enteric disease associated with infections in calves aging up to 70 days. A total of 850 fecal samples were collected from 67 calves. Seventeen isolates of Salmonella spp. were recovered from feces of 11 calves (16.4 %), and statistical analysis revealed no association between ...
Gómez-Flores M M Dermatology Division, "Dr. José E. González" University Hospital. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo León, - - 2014
Background: The clinical epidemiology of acanthosis nigricans (AN) has not been entirely studied. Most studies mention only its prevalence taking any "typical site" as a whole. These studies were carried out at different ages, races, anthropometries, and skin phototypes without analyzing the comparative clinical connotation of different sites. Furthermore, it ...
Watanabe Kentaro K Department of Neurology, Hematology, Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetology (DNHMED), Yamagata University Faculty of Medicine, Yamagata, - - 2014
The present study aimed to evaluate the relationship between the change of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and clinical characteristics in Japanese patients without a history of cardiovascular disease. The study participants were 149 Japanese patients without a history of cardiovascular disease treated in our outpatient department. The in all participants ...
Swagerman Suzanne S Department of Biological Psychology, VU University Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Subcortical brain structures are involved in a variety of cognitive and emotional functions and follow different trajectories of increase and decrease in volume from childhood to adulthood. The heritability of development of subcortical brain volumes during adolescence has not been studied comprehensively. In a longitudinal twin study, we estimated to ...
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