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Choi Jeongdong - - 2014
Partial nitritation is an essential first step in anaerobic ammonium oxidation. This study compared the performance of air-lift partial nitritation reactors with attached growth (AG) and suspended growth (SG) without biomass retention using ammonium-rich recirculated liquor produced from the dewatering of anaerobically digested sludge. The steady-state results showed that the ...
Jang Ki Hyuk KH Department of Advanced Organic Materials and Textile System Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, South - - 2014
The cellulose acetate nanofibers containing Ag ions [CA(as-spun)] were fabricated by electrospinning a CA solution with 0∼5 wt% AgNO3. The CA(as-spun) was UV-irradiated to produce CA nanofibers containing Ag ions/nanopaticles (NPs) [CA(UV)], and the CA(UV) was deacetylated to cellulose nanofibers with Ag NPs [CA(UV+DA)]. When the CA(UV) was deacetylated with ...
Sun Xiaojie - - 2014
In a sequencing batch bioreactor landfill system which combined a fresh and an aged refuse bioreactor, blockage occurred frequently in the aged refuse bioreactor during the treatment of leachate from the fresh refuse bioreactor. To overcome this problem, another aged refuse bioreactor was added, when blockage occurred, the two aged ...
Masaka Lawrence L Department of Livestock and Wildlife Management, Midlands State University, P. Bag 9055, Gweru, Zimbabwe, - - 2014
A study was carried out at a 2,200 sow farrow-finisher facility in Zimbabwe to determine the main reasons for sow removal and the season when removal was most common. Data on the number of sows culled and the reasons for culling as well as mortalities was recorded weekly for a ...
Gopinath Bamini B Centre for Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology and Westmead Millennium Institute, University of Sydney, Westmead Hospital, Hawkesbury Road, Westmead, NSW 2145, - - 2014
Habitual consumption of dairy products has been shown to play an important role in the prevention of several chronic diseases. We aimed to prospectively assess the relationship between the change in dairy product consumption (both regular fat and low/reduced fat) and the 15-year incidence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In ...
Lee C C Department of Animal Science, Pennsylvania State University, University Park - - 2014
This study investigated the usefulness of acid-detergent fiber-bound (15)N [acid detergent insoluble (ADI)-(15)N] as a solid digesta passage marker in dairy cows compared with chromium (Cr) and ytterbium (Yb) (as labeled fiber or forage, respectively). Intrinsically (ADI-(15)N) or extrinsically (Cr, Yb) labeled alfalfa hay was pulse-dosed intraruminally to 7 lactating ...
Hamady Li Ling LL Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America ; Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program in Oceanography/Applied Ocean Science and Engineering, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2014
Conservation and management efforts for white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) remain hampered by a lack of basic demographic information including age and growth rates. Sharks are typically aged by counting growth bands sequentially deposited in their vertebrae, but the assumption of annual deposition of these band pairs requires testing. We compared ...
Amneklev Jennie J Department of Biology and Environmental Science, Linnaeus University, SE - 391 82 Kalmar, Sweden E-mail: - - 2014
Silver (Ag) can be a problem for wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) and their capability to use sewage sludge as a soil fertilizer. Due to a high accumulation rate in soils, the levels of Ag in the incoming water at the WWTP must be reduced. This study aims to identify major ...
Yu Dapao D State Key Laboratory of Forest and Soil Ecology, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, - - 2014
Accurate estimates of forest carbon storage and changes in storage capacity are critical for scientific assessment of the effects of forest management on the role of forests as carbon sinks. Up to now, several studies reported forest biomass carbon (FBC) in Liaoning Province based on data from China's Continuous Forest ...
Alito Christina L - - 2013
Consumer products such as clothing and medical products are increasingly integrating silver and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) into base materials to serve as an antimicrobial agent. Thus it is critical to assess the effects of AgNPs on wastewater microorganisms essential to biological nutrient removal. In the present study, pulse and continuous ...
Cacciotti Ilaria I University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Department of Industrial Engineering, INSTM RU "Tor Vergata", Via del Politecnico 1, 00133 Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The fabrication of ternary fibrous mats based on poly(lactic) acid (PLA), cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs, both pristine (p-CNCs) and modified with a commercial surfactant (s-CNCs)) and silver (Ag) nanoparticles by electrospinning is reported. Amounts of 1 and 5wt.% were selected for Ag and CNCs, respectively. Neat PLA and binary PLA/Ag, PLA/p-CNCs ...
Braña D V - - 2013
This study evaluated the effects of gender and feeding of ractopamine on growth performance, carcass, and meat quality characteristics of pigs reared under commercial conditions. The study was performed as a randomized complete block design (blocking factor date of start on test) with a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement of ...
Tanner Susan - - 2014
Stunting, or linear growth retardation, has been documented in up to half of all children in rural indigenous populations of South America. Stunting is well understood as a signal of adverse conditions during growth, and has been associated with developmentally induced modifications to body composition, including body fat and muscularity, ...
Tomczyk Jacek - - 2014
There are many reports in the literature concerning pulp stones in contemporary living populations, but there are no descriptions of cases of pulp stones and their prevalence in populations of the past. Here we present a study of pulp stones in a series of archaeologically derived samples from the Middle ...
Jang Ki Hyuk KH Department of Advanced Organic Materials and Textile System Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764, South - - 2014
Cellulose acetate (CA) nanofibers with 5wt% AgNO3 were fabricated by electrospinning. The Ag ions in as-spun CA nanofibers were photo-reduced to Ag nanoparticles (NPs) using a UV irradiation, and the UV-irradiated CA nanofibers were then transformed to cellulose nanofibers containing Ag NPs by deacetylation reaction. The size and content of ...
Bodrumlu Emre E Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare the size of the pulp chamber in mandibular second molars with the gender and age by means of panoromic radiographs. Materials and Methods: In this study, 200 panoromic radiographs of patients were randomly selected from the archives of the Faculty of ...
Michel Julien - - 2013
Ellagitannins are extracted from oak wood during wine aging in oak barrels. This research is based on the NIRS (Oakscan®) oak wood classification according to their index polyphenolic (IP) (between 21.07 and 70.15). Their level in wood is very variable (between 5.95 to 32.91 mg by g of dry wood) ...
Couchoux Christelle C Metapopulation Research Group, Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, PO Box 65, Viikinkaari 1, 00014 Helsinki, - - 2014
In a context where hosts are distributed in patches and susceptible to parasitism for a limited time, female parasitoids foraging for hosts might experience intraspecific competition. We investigated the effects of host and parasitoid developmental stage and intraspecific competition among foraging females on host-searching behaviour in the parasitoid wasp Hyposoter ...
Crisco Joseph J - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine the batting cage performance of wood and non-wood baseball bats used at the youth level. Three wood and ten non-wood bats were swung by 22 male players (13-18 yr.) in a batting cage equipped with a 3-D motion capture (300 Hz) system. ...
Funck J Arce - - 2013
The functioning of forested headwater streams is intimately linked to the decomposition of leaf litter by decomposers, mainly aquatic hyphomycetes, which enables the transfer of allochthonous carbon to higher trophic levels. Evaluation of this process is being increasingly used as an indicator of ecosystem health and ecological integrity. Yet, even ...
Behbod B - - 2013
While fungal exposures are assumed to provoke wheeze through irritant or allergenic mechanisms, little is known about the differential effects of indoor and outdoor fungi on early-life wheeze. In a Boston prospective birth cohort of 499 at-risk infants, culturable fungi in bedroom air and dust and outdoor air were measured ...
Fernández de Simón B - - 2014
The wood-related volatile profile of wines aged in cherry, acacia, ash, chestnut and oak wood barrels was studied by GC-MS, and could be a useful tool to identify the wood specie used. Thus, 2,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde in wines aged in acacia barrels, and ethyl-2-benzoate in cherry barrels could be used as chemical ...
Koyanagi Takashi - - 2013
The processing of archetypal Japanese sushi involves microbial fermentation. The traditional sushi kaburazushi, introduced in the middle ages, is made by fermenting salted yellow tail, salted turnip, and malted rice, and is distinguished from the ancient sushi narezushi, made from fish and boiled rice. In this study, we examined changes ...
Clark Heather M - - 2013
The current study examined mean volumes of discrete sips performed by healthy adults from straws varying in internal diameter. Methods Forty healthy adults sipped water from each of seven straws varying in internal diameter (.65mm to 5mm). Bolus volumes associated with three discrete sips were recorded under each sip condition. ...
Heinrichs A J - - 2013
During November and December 2011, data were collected from 44 dairy operations in 13 Pennsylvania counties. Researchers visited each farm to collect information regarding management practices and feeding, and costs for labor, health, bedding, and reproduction for replacement heifers from birth until first calving. Costs per heifer were broken up ...
Wei Siye - - 2013
Field measurements were conducted to measure emission factors of particulate matter (EFPM), organic carbon (EFOC), elemental carbon (EFEC), 28 parent polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (EF28pPAHs), and 4 oxygenated PAHs (EF4oPAHs) for four types of crop straws burned in two stoves with similar structure but different ages. The average EFPM, EFOC, EFEC, ...
Kaufmann Christian C Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA; lfkelly@bu.edu (L.F.C.); mrbrown@uga.edu (M.R.B.) ; Swiss National Centre for Vector Entomology, Institute of Parasitology, University of Zürich, CH-8057 Zürich, - - 2013
The Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, is a competent vector for arboviruses and recently was implicated as the vector of the first autochthonous cases of dengue and chikungunya in southern Europe. The objective of this study was to analyze the flight performance of female Ae. albopictus of different ages that ...
Carbone Mariah S - - 2013
The allocation of nonstructural carbon (NSC) to growth, metabolism and storage remains poorly understood, but is critical for the prediction of stress tolerance and mortality. We used the radiocarbon ((14) C) 'bomb spike' as a tracer of substrate and age of carbon in stemwood NSC, CO2 emitted by stems, tree ...
Nergiz Humeyra H Department of Biology, Bitlis Eren University, Faculty of Science and Art, Bitlis, - - 2013
Diurnal time-activity budgets of White-headed Ducks were investigated with respect to sex and temporal environmental variables to document behavioral responses to winter conditions and nutritional requirements at Burdur Lake where the largest winter concentrations occur. Behaviors of males and females were recorded separately in randomly selected focal flocks during 1140 ...
Prato M - - 2013
Queen, worker, and male production was studied for 1 year in three queenright colonies of Tetragonisca angustula (Latreille). We sampled brood combs monthly and noticed that the number of brood cells and production of individuals were similar among colonies. Although the production of queens did not vary significantly, the frequencies of ...
Fernández de Simón B - - 2014
The nonanthocyanic phenolic composition of four red wines, one white, and one rosé aged using barrels and chips of cherry, chestnut, false acacia, ash and oak wood was studied by LC-DAD-ESI/MS, to identify the phenolic compounds that woods other than oak contribute to wines, and if some of them can ...
Bergman Robert T - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To study the longitudinal changes in 19 soft tissue cephalometric traits (according to the Bergman cephalometric soft tissue facial analysis). Materials and Methods: Cephalograms and photographs of 40 subjects (20 male, 20 female, from the Burlington Growth Centre) that were obtained at ages 6, 9, 12, 14, 16, ...
Fabani María P - - 2013
We studied the VOCs profile of three red wine varieties, produced in the Valley of Tulum (San Juan-Argentina), over 4 consecutive years. Our main goal was to verify if different wine varieties could be differentiated from their VOCs profile, considering changes induced by their age, the yeast inoculated and the ...
Jiang Tianjia - - 2013
The effect of a novel alginate/nano-Ag coating material on the preservation quality of shiitake mushroom (Lentinus edodes) during 4±1°C storage was investigated. The results showed that the alginate/nano-Ag coating had quite a beneficial effect on the physicochemical and sensory quality, compared to the control treatment. After a 16-day storage, mushroom ...
Moncaz Adi - - 2013
Female phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) transmit leishmaniasis as they engorge on vertebrate blood required for egg production. Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus) papatasi (Scopoli, 1786), the vector of Leishmania major (Yakimoff & Schokhor, 1914), the causative agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) were not attracted to large horizontal sticky traps (LHSTs) unless these ...
Karcher D M - - 2013
Commercial poultry production management practices have been under increased public scrutiny driven by concerns for food safety and animal welfare. Within the United States, wood shavings and raised plastic floors are common flooring systems used in duck production. It is intuitive that each flooring type would present different management challenges ...
Snoddy Edward T - - 2013
Mulch preferences of the Asian cockroach, Blattella asahinai Mizukubo, were determined in a series of laboratory experiments. Because this species is a peridomestic pest, mulch preferences may be a key part of an integrated pest management program for homeowners. Five mulches were used: cypress, oak leaf litter, pine straw, rubber, ...
Loira I - - 2013
Ageing on lees involves ageing the wine in contact with yeast cells after fermentation. If combined with the addition of oak chips, it can soften the wood flavour and increase the aromatic complexity of wine. The aim of the present work is to optimise both ageing techniques through selection of ...
Serrano Daniel - - 2013
To quantify the cost differences and predictors of lost productive time (LPT) in persons with chronic migraine (CM) and episodic migraine (EM). The American Migraine Prevalence and Prevention (AMPP) study is a US national longitudinal survey of severe headache. Cost estimates were obtained via U.S. Census income data. To elucidate ...
Wang Shuo - - 2013
To achieve a quick start-up and stable operation, aerobic granular sludge (AGS) was cultivated in a sequencing batch airlift reactor (SBAR) with the addition of bone glue augmentation. Adding an amount of bone glue (40 mg L(-1)) can accelerate granulation, which advanced by 10 d on average. Aerobic granules of ...
Hamner Heather C - - 2013
The Institute of Medicine set a tolerable upper intake level (UL) for usual daily total folic acid intake (1,000 µg). Less than 3% of US adults currently exceed the UL. The objective of this study was to determine if folic acid fortification of corn masa flour would increase the percentage ...
Azizi Susan - - 2013
Synthesis of ZnO-Ag heterostructure nanoparticles was carried out by a precipitation method with cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) as a stabilizer for antimicrobial and thermal studies. ZnO-Ag nanoparticles were obtained from various weight percentages of added AgNO3 relative to Zn precursors for evaluating the best composition with enhanced functional properties. The ZnO-Ag/CNCs ...
Chaudhuri P S - - 2013
A comparative analysis of earthworm communities was carried out in the rubber plantations (Hevea brasiliensis) of different age groups in West Tripura to understand the impact of such exotic and monoculture plantation in biodiversity conservation. Earthworm communities were studied on monthly basis over a period of one year (2006-2007) in ...
Zhao Zhiwei - - 2013
The quick recovery process of contaminants removal of aerobic granular sludge (AGS) is complex, and the influencing factors are still not clear. The effects of dissolved oxygen (DO, air intensive aeration rate), organic loading rate (OLR), and C/N on contaminants removal characteristics of AGS and subsequently long-term operation of AGS ...
Moubarac Jean-Claude - - 2013
To examine the associations between consumption of sweetened products, daytime sleepiness (DS) and psychological distress (PD) in a Catholic Middle-Eastern Canadian community, and to test the hypothesis that the association between DS and consumption of sweetened products is mediated by PD. A cross-sectional study. A Catholic Middle-Eastern Canadian community. 186 ...
Buhl Christof C Institute of General Practice and for Health Services Research, University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2013
The change in swim performance over time has been investigated for freestyle, but not for other strokes, such as in the medley. The aim of the study was to examine changes in 200 m and 400 m swim performances in medley swimmers at national (Switzerland) and international level (world championship ...
Glibowski PaweĊ‚ - - 2013
At present, there are many types of milk fermented drinks/beverages on the market that often contain added probiotic microflora. Numerous studies indicate that such products are frequently consumed by adolescents. Within this group, symptoms of respiratory illness feature prominently as well as various and frequent disorders of the gastro-intestinal system ...
Maniania Nguya K - - 2013
The transfer of conidia of Metarhizium anisopliae between tsetse flies Glossina morsitans and the effects of fungal inoculation on mating and blood meal feeding behaviors were investigated in the laboratory. Male or female flies were inoculated with fungal conidia ("donors") and allowed to pair with fungus-free mate of opposite sex ...
Saki N - - 2012
Background: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of otomycosis and aetiological agents in Khouzestan province, south-west Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study examined and cultured 881 swabs from suspected external otitis cases, collected from throughout Khouzestan province. Fungal agents were identified by slide culture and complementary tests when necessary. Results: ...
Casatta Nadia - - 2012
Yeast chronological aging is regarded as a model for aging of mammalian post-mitotic cells. It refers to changes occurring in stationary phase cells over a relatively long period of time. How long these cells can survive in such a non-dividing state defines the chronological lifespan. Several factors influence cell survival ...
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