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Stankus, Svaj┼źnas
The abundance of flounder and turbot was studied in August 2005 at 17 stations sited along all the Lithuanian coastal zone and in October at 8 stations at the Curonian Spit. Catches were dominated by flounder and turbot in occurrence frequency. However, in August the prevalent species were juveniles of ...
Miller Ted R TR Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland; Centre for Population Health Research, Curtin University, Perth, Australia; - - 2014
We estimated the disability-adjusted life-year (DALY) burden of abusive head trauma (AHT) at ages 0 to 4 years in the United States. DALYs are computed by summing years of productive life that survivors lost to disability plus life-years lost to premature death. Surveying a convenience sample of 170 caregivers and ...
Borges Cláudio F CF Departament of Surgery, Federal University of Espirito Santo, UFES, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil, - - 2014
We performed a nationwide survey of Brazilian urologists to study behaviors toward radiation exposure and the use of protective and monitoring equipment. A 13-question e-mail questionnaire was sent to 4,526 Brazilian urologists; the questions addressed demographic characteristics, radiation exposure, and the utilization of shielding devices and dosimeters. The reasons why ...
Wigen Tove I TI Department of Paediatric Dentistry and Behavioural Science, Institute of Clinical Dentistry, University of Oslo , Oslo , - - 2014
Abstract Objective. The purpose was to study associations between tooth brushing frequency, use of fluoride lozenges and consumption of sugary drinks at 1.5 years of age and having caries experience at 5 years of age. Methods. This study was based on data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study ...
Mahoney Colin J CJ Dementia Research Centre, UCL Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, - - 2014
Objective: Novel biomarkers for monitoring progression in neurodegenerative conditions are needed. Measurement of microstructural changes in white matter (WM) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) may be a useful outcome measure. Here we report trajectories of WM change using serial DTI in a cohort with behavioural variant Frontotemporal Dementia (bvFTD). Methods: ...
Whitehead M T MT From the Departments of Radiology (M.T.W., C.O., A.R., A.F.C.) and Neurosurgery (A.F.C.), University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee; Department of Radiology (M.T.W., A.R., A.F.C.), Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee; and Department of Radiology (M.T.W.), Children's National Medical Center, Washington, - - 2014
Calcifications of the pineal, habenula, choroid plexus, and dura are often physiologic. In the modern CT era with thin-section images and multiplanar reformats, intracranial calcifications have become more conspicuous. We aimed to discover the CT prevalence of pineal region, choroid plexus, and dural calcifications in the first decade of life. ...
Coleman A Eugene AE University of Houston - Clear Lake, Department of Clinical, Health, and Applied Sciences, Human Performance Laboratory, Houston, - - 2014
The purpose of this paper was to compare times to first base in Major League Baseball games to determine if running velocity decreases to the foul line and first base among players with differing years of playing experience. From 1998 - 2012, 1,185 sprint times to first base were analyzed: ...
Gregório Luciano Lobato LL Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, UNIFESP-EPM, São Paulo, - - 2014
SNOT-22 is a disease-specific outcomes measure questionnaire that combines rhinologic issues with general health issues. These issues may have variable weight on quality of life perception and the influence of several factors such as gender, ethnicity, age, socio-cultural status and comorbidities is unknown. The aim of this study was to ...
Danière F F From the Departments of Neuroradiology (F.D., P.M., O.E., C.R., J.F.V., G.G., C.D., A.B., V.C.), Neurology (I.M., X.A., C.A.), and Anesthesiology (J.F.), CHU Montpellier, Montpellier, France; Imaging Department (K.L.), Imperial College Healthcare National Health Service Trust, Charing Cross Hospital, London, United Kingdom; Department of Medical Statistics (R.S.), CHU Montpellier, Arnaud de Villeneuve Hospital, University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France; and Department of Neuroradiology (H.B.), CHU Marseille, Hôpital La Timone, Marseille, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the benefits of endovascular intervention in large-vessel occlusion strokes, depending on age class. A clinical management protocol including intravenous treatment and mechanical thrombectomy was instigated in our center in 2009 (Prognostic Factors Related to Clinical Outcome Following Thrombectomy in Ischemic Stroke [RECOST] ...
Silagi Marcela Lima ML Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Universidade de São Paulo - USP, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To determine the effect of age and education on inferential comprehension from written texts in normal individuals. A total of 224 normal adults were stratified into nine groups according to age (young: 18-39 years, adults: 40-59 years, and elderly: 60-79 years) and educational level (low ≤4 years, medium: 5-8 years ...
Winickoff Jonathan P JP Jonathan P. Winickoff, Minghua L. Chen, and Emara Nabi-Burza are with the Center for Child and Adolescent Health Research and Policy, Division of General Academic Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston. Lester Hartman is with Westwood/Mansfield Pediatrics, Westwood, MA. Mark Gottlieb is with the Public Health Advocacy Institute, Northeastern University School of Law, Boston. Joseph R. DiFranza is with the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, - - 2014
The majority of tobacco use emerges in individuals before they reach 21 years of age, and many adult distributors of tobacco to youths are young adults aged between 18 and 20 years. Raising the tobacco sales minimum age to 21 years across the United States would decrease tobacco retailer and ...
den Hoed M A H MA Department of Paediatric Oncology/Haematology, Erasmus University Medical Center (Erasmus MC)-Sophia Children's Hospital, Dr. Molewaterplein 60, 3015 GJ, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
More than 45 % of long-term childhood cancer survivors (CCS) were diagnosed with osteopenia. Our data suggest that greater awareness for osteopenia is warranted in long-term CCS, especially in survivors who are older than 30 years, male, and underweight and were treated with cranial-spinal radiotherapy and/or steroids. Osteopenia is a potential complication ...
Jamil Kamal K Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Tibia vara and slipped upper femoral epiphysis (SUFE) share a common risk factor, but their relationship is unclear. In both conditions, the patients are usually obese. To the best of our knowledge, there have been only two previous reports in the literature that have described the occurrence of tibia vara ...
Hayes Don D Jr Departments of a?>Pediatrics; Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University College of Medicine; Section of Pulmonary Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital. Electronic address: - - 2014
No restrictions exist for allocating donor lungs according to age in the United States. A retrospective cohort study was performed of lung transplant recipients from 1987 to 2013 through a query of the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) thoracic database. Age thresholds used were recipients (R) aged 60 years ...
Martello Elisa E Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie, University of Torino, - - 2014
Immature ticks (Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor marginatus) were collected from small rodents (Apodemus spp. and Myodes glareolus), in the Northern Apennines, Italy, at an altitude up to 1650m above sea level (a.s.l.), from 2009 through 2012. While D. marginatus had been found at the same location in studies carried out ...
Major Rw R Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2014
Data suggest increased rates of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in those with undiagnosed hypertension (HTN). Our study aimed to determine the prevalence of CKD in undiagnosed hypertensives in a previously unreported subgroup of individuals of South Asian ethnicity. We analysed data from subjects in the ADDITION-Leicester study, a UK based ...
Wijnhoven Trudy Ma - - 2014
The World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe has established the Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative (COSI) to monitor changes in overweight in primary-school children. The aims of this paper are to present the anthropometric results of COSI Round 2 (2009/2010) and to explore changes in body mass index (BMI) ...
Weuve Celest C Lincoln Memorial University, Harrogate, - - 2014
Context :  Workplace bullying (WPB) is a series of persistent negative interactions that affect a clinician's ability to perform his or her role. Although WPB has been studied in other health professions, to date, no information exists pertaining to WPB in athletic training. Objective :  To determine the prevalence of ...
Sinno Hani H HH Montreal, Quebec, Canada; and Boston, Mass. From the Division of Plastic Surgery, McGill University; and the Division of Plastic Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical - - 2014
In aesthetic rhinoplasty, the described ideal nasolabial angle ranges from 90 to 120 degrees, with variable anthropologic differences. The authors sought to verify the most aesthetic nasolabial angle as specifically perceived by a random prospective sample of the general population and determine whether age, sex, race, and education were independent ...
Bowling C Barrett CB Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center (CBB), Birmingham/Atlanta Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, Atlanta, Georgia; Division of General Medicine and Geriatrics, Department of Medicine (CBB), Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia; and Department of Epidemiology (PM, PS), School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
The prevalence of reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) among U.S. adults aged 80 years and older increased between 1988 to 1994 and 2005 to 2010. Trends in the prevalence of albuminuria over this time period have not been reported in this population. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of U.S. ...
Vasavid Pataramon P Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2014
To report gastric emptying scintigraphy, normal values should be established for a specific protocol. The aim of this study was to provide normal gastric emptying values and determine factors affecting gastric emptying using Asian rice-based meal in healthy volunteers. One hundred and ninety-two healthy volunteers were included at 7 tertiary ...
Heudorf U U Amt für Gesundheit, Breite Gasse 28, 60313, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, - - 2014
Following the heat wave of August 2003 that caused over 70,000 fatalities in Western Europe, heat-health action plans (HHAP) and heat warning systems were implemented in many European countries, including Germany. The effect of these preventive measures (informing the population as well as nursing and medical personnel) on excess mortality ...
Zhou Mai Geng - - 2014
Many studies have investigated heat wave related mortality, but less attention has been given to the health effects of cold spells in the context of global warming. The 2008 cold spell in China provided a unique opportunity to estimate the effects of the 2008 cold spell on mortality in subtropical ...
Kimura Atsushi A Department of Orthopaedics, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0498, - - 2014
The authors recently developed a screening tool, the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS-25), for the early detection of locomotive syndrome (LS). However, the nationwide prevalence of LS based on the GLFS-25 remains unknown. A nationwide, cross-sectional Internet survey was conducted to estimate sex- and age-specific mean values of the ...
Schaefer Lee L Faculty of Education, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, - - 2014
To determine whether time spent outdoors was associated with increased moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and related health benefits in youth. We performed a cross-sectional study of 306 youth aged 13.6 ± 1.4 years. The exposure of interest was self-reported time spent outdoors after school, stratified into three categories: none, some, and most/all of ...
Nakayoshi Makoto M Department of Civil Engineering, Tokyo University of Science, 2641, Yamasaki, Noda city, Chiba Prefecture, 278-8510, Japan, - - 2014
An outdoor summer study on thermal physiology along subjects' pathways was conducted in a Japanese city using a unique wearable measurement system that measures all the relevant thermal variables: ambient temperature, humidity, wind speed (U) and short/long-wave radiation (S and L), along with some physio-psychological parameters: skin temperature (T skin), ...
Polyzois Gregory G From the *Department of Prosthodontics, Dental School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece; and †Department of Oral Rehabilitation, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of natural aging after storage in the dark for 1 year and material type on Shore A hardness of 2 silicone prosthetic elastomers. The silicone elastomers tested were low- and high-temperature vulcanizing materials, namely, Premium and Silasto 30, respectively. Ten ...
Can Ismail Ozgur IO From the *Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey; and †Departments of Forensic Medicine, ‡Radiology, and §Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
The analysis of ossification points plays a considerable role in forensic age estimation. Although traditional methods are still in use, researchers are working on different age estimation procedures especially within the development of radiologic methods. One of these methods is to define spheno-occipital synchondrosis fusion degree. Spheno-occipital synchondrosis, an important ...
Purim Kátia Sheylla Malta KS Universidade Positivo, Curitiba, PR, - - 2014
Road running is a growing sport. To determine the prevalence of sports-related dermatoses among road runners. Cross-sectional study of 76 road runners. Assessment was performed by means of a questionnaire, interview, and clinical examination. The chi-square and linear trend tests were used for analysis. Most athletes were men (61%), aged ...
Isaacsson Viviane Christina Siena VC Universidade Católica de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, - - 2014
Acne vulgaris has high prevalence, disturbing quality of life during adolescence. To measure dissastifaction and acne in 18-year-old male individuals and its associated factors. A questionnaire was applied by trained interviewers to all boys during selection for the military service. Dissatisfaction and acne was evaluated using a self-administered face scale. ...
Vionnet Julien J Division de Physiopathologie Clinique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois and University of Lausanne, - - 2014
The present study was undertaken to investigate how aging affects dermal microvascular reactivity in skin areas differentially exposed to sunlight, and therefore to different degrees of photoaging. We assessed, in young (18 - 30 y., n = 13) and aged males (≥ 60 y., n = 13), the thigh, forearm ...
Pundir J J Assisted Conception Unit, Guy's and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust , London , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the long-term reproductive outcome following abdominal myomectomy in women with very large fibroid uteri. It is a retrospective study of 90 subfertile women with the main outcome measure of live-birth rate following spontaneous and assisted conception. Mean age of the study population ...
Jentzsch Thorsten T Division of Trauma Surgery, Department of Surgery, University Hospital Zürich, Zürich, - - 2014
There is a lack of studies on obesity measured by outer abdominal fat (OAF), which describes abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue thickness with regard to spino-pelvic parameters. We investigated OAF and its physiologic values on computed tomography (CT) scans with regard to age, gender, facet joint (FJ) arthritis, FJ orientation, lumbar ...
Nakakubo Sho S Section for Health Promotion, Department for Functioning Activation, Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu, Japan; Department of Community Health Sciences, Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine whether trunk stability while walking changes when arm swing is deliberately altered in elderly individuals. Participants included 21 community-dwelling elderly individuals (7 men and 14 women; age, 81.8±5.0 years). We measured trunk acceleration by using a wireless miniature sensor unit containing a ...
Tong H B HB Poultry Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 225125 Yangzhou, Jiangsu, P. R. China tonghb@163.com - - 2014
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of free-range days on growth performance, carcass yield, meat quality, and lymphoid organ index of a local chicken breed. In total, 1,000 one-day-old male Suqin yellow chickens were raised for 21 d. On d 21, 720 birds with similar BW (536 ± ...
Pradhan Mukul M Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, Kharagpur-721302 - - 2014
Redox transformation reaction between aqueous AgNO3 and Mn(CH3 COO)2 at low temperature (∼80 °C) has been adopted for industrial-scale production of uniform Ag-MnOOH composite nanowires for the first time. Varying amounts of incorporated Ag in the composite retain the 1D morphology of the composite. Nanowires upon annealing evolve Ag-MnO2 nanocomposites, once ...
Linseman Mark E ME Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, - - 2014
Research in "stop-and-go" sports has demonstrated that carbohydrate ingestion improves performance and fatigue, and that dehydration of ∼1.5%-2% body mass (BM) loss results in decreased performance, increased fatigue, and increased core temperature. The purpose of this investigation was to assess the physiological, performance, and fatigue-related effects of maintaining hydration with ...
Svendsen Morten B MB Department of Renal Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, - - 2014
Large artery stiffness and small artery structural changes are both cardiovascular risk factors. Arterial stiffness increases with age and blood pressure (BP), but it is unclear in which way large artery pulse wave velocity (PWV) and peripheral vascular resistance are related and whether age has any influence. In a cross-sectional ...
Part C E CE School of Biological Sciences, Queen's University Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast BT7 9BL, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) housed in kennelling establishments are considered at risk of suffering poor welfare. Previous research supporting this hypothesis has typically used cortisol:creatinine ratios (C/Cr) to measure acute and chronic stress in kennelled dogs. However, the value of C/Cr as a welfare indicator has been questioned. This study ...
Tucker Larry A LA Larry A. Tucker, PhD; Peter J. Arens, MS; James D. LeCheminant, PhD; and Bruce W. Bailey, PhD, are with the Department of Exercise Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . This study assessed the relationship between television viewing time and measured cardiorespiratory fitness and the influence of various potential confounders. Design . Cross-sectional. Setting . Intermountain West. Subjects . The sample was composed of 302 nonsmoking women aged 40.2 ± 3.0 years, with ∼90% Caucasian and 82% ...
Perry Elise C EC From the *Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland; and †Baltimore City Fire Department, - - 2014
Residential fires, while constituting a small fraction of fire incidents, are responsible for the majority of civilian fire-related injuries. This study investigates census tract neighborhood socioeconomic factors as correlates of civilian injuries occurring during residential fires in Baltimore, Maryland, between 2004 and 2007. Civilian residential fire related injuries were geocoded ...
Petkova Elisaveta P EP From the aDepartment of Environmental Health Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY; and bDepartment of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United - - 2014
Heat is recognized as one of the deadliest weather-related phenomena. Although the impact of high temperatures on mortality has been a subject of extensive research, few previous studies have assessed the impact of population adaptation to heat. We examined adaptation patterns by analyzing daily temperature and mortality data spanning more ...
Dubuc Constance C Junior Research Group of Primate Kin Selection, Department of Primatology, Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology , Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig , Germany , ; Center for the Study of Human Origins, Department of Anthropology, New York University , 25 Waverly Place, New York, NY 10003 , USA - - 2014
The degree of polygyny is predicted to influence the strength of direct male-male competition, leading to a high variance in male lifetime reproductive success and to reproduction limited to the prime period of adulthood. Here, we explore the variance in male lifetime reproductive success and reproductive time in an anthropoid ...
Alan Nima N Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2014
To assess in a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database, the impact of increased age on 30-day postoperative outcomes of surgery for intracranial aneurysms (ICAs). 721 adult patients who underwent surgery for ICA were identified in the 2006-2012 American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Baseline characteristics ...
Lee Hyun Mi HM Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, Ansan, Kyonggi 426-744, South - - 2014
The polonium-210 in the sea and its radiological consequences have been widely studied. Current processes for (210)Po recovery from seawater vary significantly. We compared selected processes to determine optimal conditions for recovery in modestly equipped laboratories. Plating (210)Po onto a Ag planchet with constant stirring for 15h at room temperature ...
Ezaldein Harib H HH Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, 330 Cedar St, BB 3rd Floor, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2014
Metopic synostosis is characterized by trigonocephaly, lateral supraorbital retrusion, and hypotelorism. Most phenotypic evaluations have focused on the forehead without much emphasis on the orbits. The study seeks to explore differences in orbital dysmorphology for metopic and control patients, along with different degrees of metopic synostosis. Demographic and craniometric data ...
Kim Min M *MD Department of Ophthalmology, Human Barrier Research Institute, Gangnam Severance Hospital (MK, HJK); and Institute of Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, Severance Eye and ENT Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine (SSK, SCL), Seoul, - - 2014
To investigate choroidal thickness (CT) in healthy Korean subjects measured by enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography and its association with age, axial length, and refractive error. Choroidal scans using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography in each eye of 286 healthy eyes were obtained at the macula. Choroidal thickness ...
Mitsuzuka Koji K 1Department of Urology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, - - 2014
To compare oncological outcomes of patients aged ≥70 years treated with radical prostatectomy with those of a clinically matched younger cohort. Data from 1268 patients undergoing radical prostatectomy between 2000 and 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were classified according to age (<70 or ≥70 years) at the time of prostatectomy. ...
Chow Patsy P Agency for Integrated Care, - - 2014
To determine the factors for rehabilitation effectiveness (REs) and efficiency (REy) among newly disabled older persons and if there is any trade-off between REs and REy. Retrospective cohort study. 4 sub-acute rehabilitation hospitals in Singapore. 8828 patients aged >65 years admitted for inpatient rehabilitation from 1996 to 2005. Not applicable ...
Liao H J HJ Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Crop Diseases and Pests, Ministry of Education, Department of Entomology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, - - 2014
Temperature is a key environmental factor in determining the population size of Cnaphalocrocis medinalis in summer. High temperatures inhibit survival, development and fecundity of this insect. However, biological responses of female and male adults to heat shock, and physiological mechanism of high temperature suppressing population development are still ambiguous. We ...
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