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Kanehisa Hiroaki - - 2014
This study examined whether the age-related change in power, calculated from the score of a sit-to-stand (STS) test, corresponds to those in knee extension torque and leg lean tissue mass in Japanese women aged 50 years or older. Time for a 10-times-repeated STS test and knee extension torque were determined ...
Kikuchi Y Y Division of Human Anatomy and Biological Anthropology, Department of Anatomy and Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga, 849-8501, - - 2014
The present study focused on the sexual dimorphism of yellow baboon (Papio cynocephalus) to clarify its relationship with social behaviour. The degree of sexual dimorphism in the endocranial volume is the lowest among the investigated measurements. Among the facial measurements, the degree value of sexual dimorphism was the maximum (38.4%) ...
Nakajima Motohiro M University of Minnesota Medical School, 1035 University Drive, Duluth, Minnesota, USA 55812. Electronic address: - - 2014
The escalating use of khat (Catha edulis) in East Africa and Arabia is a major concern for public health. Yet little is known about the impact of khat on behaviour. To that end, there has been no study in the region to assess the extent to which dependence syndrome is ...
Walker S S Department of Biology of Physical Activity and Neuromuscular research Center, University of Jyväskylä, - - 2014
The present study investigated whether differences in neuromuscular performance and muscle hypertrophy occur between young and older men. Twenty-three young (29 ± 9 yr) and 26 older men (64 ± 8 yr) completed 10 weeks of high volume, medium load "hypertrophic" resistance training with low frequency (twice per week) with ...
Liu Gang - - 2014
Poor vitamin D status can increase age-related muscle mass loss. However, existing prospective evidence is limited and controversial. This study aimed to investigate the association of plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] with muscle mass loss in middle-aged and elderly Chinese individuals over 6 years. We conducted a prospective cohort study. This community-based ...
Lo Peter L PL The New Zealand Institute for Plant & Food Research Limited, Havelock North, New - - 2014
Apple leaf midge, Dasineura mali (Kieffer), poses quarantine issues for some apple export markets because larvae occasionally pupate in the stem end and calyx of fruit. Pheromone-baited oil-filled containers in 1-ha orchard plots trapped adult male D. mali to test the potential for mass trapping to reduce populations. Mass trapped ...
Borovinskaya Olga - - 2014
This work investigated the potential of a high temporal resolution inductively coupled plasma time-of-flight mass spectrometer (ICPTOFMS) in combination with a microdroplet generator (MDG) for simultaneous mass quantification of different nanoparticles (NPs) in a mixture. For this purpose a test system containing certified Au NPs, well characterized Ag NPs and ...
Rioux Paquette Sébastien S Département de biologie, Université de Sherbrooke, 2500 boulevard de l'Université, Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada J1K 2R1 - - 2014
Migratory bird species that feed on air-borne insects are experiencing widespread regional declines, but these remain poorly understood. Agricultural intensification in the breeding range is often regarded as one of the main drivers of these declines. Here, we tested the hypothesis that body mass in breeding individuals should reflect habitat ...
Bonato M M Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy - - - 2014
This study aims at investigating the possible relationships between anthropometric and functional parameters and maximal serve speed in professional tennis players. Eight professional male tennis players (age 23±4 [mean±SD] years;; height 181±4 cm; body mass 80±4 kg;; playing experience 14±4 years;; weekly training practice 29±6 hours) were recruited. Anthropometric parameters ...
Beets Lex L Department of Pediatrics, Emma's Children's Hospital/Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by variable degrees of intellectual disability, an unusual face, distal limb anomalies including broad thumbs and broad halluces, a large group of variable other major and minor anomalies, and decreased somatic growth. The aim of the present study was to construct ...
Marwaha Raman K RK Scientific Advisor (Projects), ILSI-India, Flat No 17, Gautam Apartments, Gautam Nagar, New Delhi, 110049, India, - - 2014
Mean appendicular lean mass increased from the second decade to reach maximum in the fourth decade in Indian women. Post-menopausal females with LMM were significantly older, leaner, and had lower bone mineral density (BMD). Lean mass and ASMI were negatively correlated with age and positively with BMI and BMD at ...
Pourtaghi G G Health Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
In most armies, clothes, equipment and weapons are designed according to the physical characteristics and anthropometric data of soldiers. To study the anthropometric characteristics of Iranian army force and their changes over recent years. 12 635 Iranian military personnel aged between 18 and 30 years with tenure of <10 years ...
Craparo Giuseppe G Kore University of Enna, Enna, - - 2014
Internet addiction (IAD) is one of the most diffuse mental disorders among adolescents. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationships between shame, self-efficacy and Internet addiction. We recruited a total of 670 college students (males = 164, 24.5%; females = 506, 75.5%). The subjects were aged between ...
Kim Yea Ji YJ Department of Pediatrics, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, - - 2014
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex genetic disorder that results from the lack of paternally expressed genes in the chromosome 15q11-q13 region. This study was performed to delineate the clinical features of PWS infants and toddlers and the effects of two-year growth hormone (GH) treatment according to gender and age ...
Camargo Cristiane Teixeira Amaral CT a Faculdade de Ciências Médicas (FCM), Departamento de Pediatria , Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP) , Campinas , - - 2014
Abstract The aim was to analyse the physical growth and body composition of rhythmic gymnastics athletes relative to their level of somatic maturation. This was a cross-sectional study of 136 athletes on 23 teams from Brazil. Mass, standing height and sitting height were measured. Fat-free and fat masses, body fat ...
Quintal Virginia S VS Human Milk Bank, Hospital Universitário, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
to longitudinally assess bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density (BMD), and whole-body lean mass obtained through bone densitometry by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in preterm newborns (PTNs) and compare them with full-term newborns (FTNs) from birth to 6 months of corrected postnatal age. a total of 28 adequate for ...
Long J J School of Public Health of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, - - 2014
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder. Its prevalence appears inconsistent in different regions of China; thus, we conducted this meta-analysis to estimate the prevalence of schizophrenia in mainland China. Studies on the prevalence of schizophrenia in mainland China were identified from electronic databases up to July 2013. Meta-analysis was used ...
Weeda J J Radboud University, Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, - - 2014
The purpose of the current study was to determine the relationships between lifetime physical activity participation, neuromuscular performance and body composition in men at musculoskeletal maturity. 50 healthy men (age 25.2±4.5 years) volunteered to participate. Lifetime physical activity was determined from the Bone-specific Physical Activity Questionnaire. Impulse generated during a ...
de la Rica-Escuín Marisa M Geriatrics Department, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Albacete, Albacete, - - 2014
Little is known about frailty in institutionalized older adults, and there are few longitudinal studies on this topic. To determine the association between frailty and mortality or incident disability in basic activities of daily living (BADL) in institutionalized Spanish older adults. Concurrent cohort study. Two nursing homes, Vasco Núñez de ...
Leclercq E E School of Natural Sciences, Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, Scotland, - - 2014
In wild ballan wrasse Labrus bergylta, mass-length relationships were not different between genders, and positive allometry was found in the mixed-gender population. Male-biased sexual size dimorphism was significant and the most effective morphometric method for sexing L. bergylta outside of the species spawning window used body mass (MB in g), ...
Montagnese C C Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, UK; Institute of Genetics and Biophysics, "A. Buzzati-Traverso" CNR, Napoli, - - 2014
Whereas adult weight or body mass index (BMI) are directly associated with blood pressure (BP), birth weight is inversely associated with BP. The scenario for height is more complex, as both tall and short stature have been associated with higher BP. We used a theoretical model treating sitting height (SH) ...
de Boer Michiel P MP Department of Internal Medicine, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Institute for Cardiovascular Research - ICaR-VU, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
obesity-related microvascular dysfunction, including alterations in rhythmic changes in vascular diameter, so-called 'vasomotion', may be important in the clustering of obesity with other cardiovascular risk factors. Adipokines have been suggested to play a role in obesity-related vascular dysfunction. Alterations in vasomotion have been found using extreme body mass index (BMI) ...
Kakinami Lisa L Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, - - 2014
Although dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is the preferred method to estimate adiposity, body mass index (BMI) is often used as a proxy. However, the ability of BMI to measure adiposity change among youth is poorly evidenced. This study explored which metrics of BMI change have the highest correlations with different ...
Yeon Susan B SB Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division), Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
To determine normative values for left ventricular (LV) volumes, mass, concentricity, and ejection fraction (EF) and investigate associations between sex, age, and body size with LV parameters in community-dwelling adults. In all, 1794 Framingham Heart Study Offspring cohort members underwent LV short-axis oriented, contiguous multislice cine steady-state free precession MR ...
Dowd Kieran P KP 14i Centre, Graduate Entry Medical School, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland; 2Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland; 3Diabetes Research Centre, University of Leicester, Leicester, United - - 2014
Sedentary Behavior (SB) research has relied on accelerometer thresholds to distinguish between sitting/lying time (SLT) and light intensity physical activity (LIPA). Such methods may misclassify SLT, standing time (StT) and LIPA. This study examines the association between inclinometer-determined SB, physical activity (PA) and adiposity in an adolescent female sample. Female ...
Abe Takashi T Indiana University, Department of Kinesiology, 1025 East 7th Street, Room 104, Bloomington, Indiana, United States, 47405 ; - - 2014
It is unknown whether or not the daily swim training distances of master swimmers (MS) affects the observed changes in skeletal muscle mass (SM) and physical function commonly associated with the aging process. Twenty-two male master swimmers aged 52-82 years were divided into two groups based upon training distance: High-MS ...
Kim Jung-Hwan JH Department of Family Medicine, IS Hallym Hospital, Incheon, - - 2014
The prevalence of gallstone disease is increasing in Korea. Gallstone disease and atherosclerosis share common risk factors. Ultrasonographic carotid intima-media thickness is an independent predictor of atherosclerosis. We measured the carotid intima-media thickness among men who had gallstones to establish the association between atherosclerosis and gallstones. A total of 330 ...
Brannsether Bente B Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Department of Pediatrics, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, - - 2014
To answer the questions: how does body mass index (BMI) correlate to five overweight related anthropometric variables during different ages in childhood, and which anthropometric variables contribute most to variation in BMI during childhood? Data on BMI, height (H), sitting height (SH), waist circumference (WC), waist to height ratio (WHtR), ...
Tomlinson D J DJ Institute for Performance Research, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Crewe Green Road, Crewe, CW1 5DU, - - 2014
This study aimed to establish the interplay between body mass, adiposity, ageing and determinants of skeletal muscle strength. One hundred and two untrained healthy women categorised by age into young (Y) (mean ± SD, 26.7 ± 9.4 years) vs. old (O) (65.1 ± 7.2 years) were assessed for body fat, lean mass, plantar flexion and dorsiflexion maximum voluntary ...
Castillo Daniela Laura Del DL Laboratorio de Ecología, Comportamiento y Mamíferos Marinos, División Mastozoología-Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" (CONICET), Av. Ángel Gallardo 470 (C1405DJR), Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Pectoral flippers of cetaceans function to provide stability and maneuverability during locomotion. Directional asymmetry (DA) is a common feature among odontocete cetaceans, as well as sexual dimorphism (SD). For the first time DA, allometry, physical maturity, and SD of the flipper skeleton-by X-ray technique-of Pontoporia blainvillei were analyzed. The number ...
Jacobson Seth A SA 1] Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Laboratoire Lagrange, Boulevard de l'Observatoire, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France [2] Universität Bayreuth, Bayerisches Geoinstitut, 95440 Bayreuth, - - 2014
According to the generally accepted scenario, the last giant impact on Earth formed the Moon and initiated the final phase of core formation by melting Earth's mantle. A key goal of geochemistry is to date this event, but different ages have been proposed. Some argue for an early Moon-forming event, ...
Amonette William E WE Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Clinical, Health, and Applied Sciences, University of Houston - Clear Lake, Houston, - - 2014
Relationships between sprinting speed, body mass, and vertical jump kinetics were assessed in 243 male soccer athletes ranging from 10-19 years. Participants ran a maximal 36.6 meter sprint; times at 9.1 (10 y) and 36.6 m (40 y) were determined using an electronic timing system. Body mass was measured by ...
Cusick Jason J 1Power Lift Strength and Conditioning Laboratory, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the track block start (BS), rhythm step (false step) (RS) and the forward step (FS) on sprint start ability in male Division I collegiate football linebackers. Although the blocks are not practical in the sport of football, they were used as a ...
Bårdsen Bård-Jørgen BJ Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), Arctic Ecology Department, Fram Centre Tromsø, NO-9296, - - 2014
For long-lived organisms, the fitness value of survival is greater than that of current reproduction. Asymmetric fitness rewards suggest that organisms inhabiting unpredictable environments should adopt a risk-sensitive life history, predicting that it is adaptive to allocate resources to increase their own body reserves at the expense of reproduction. We ...
Cipriani Daniel J DJ Associate Professor, Chapman University, One University Drive, Orange, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the opinions of experienced cyclists on perceived influence of a posture-cueing shirt with compressive properties on their comfort and recovery. Twenty experienced cyclists wore a compressive shirt during rides and as a postride recovery shirt; cyclists rated their perceived experiences during rides ...
Sedeaud Adrien A a IRMES, Institut de Recherche bioMédicale et d'Epidémiologie du Sport , Paris , - - 2014
In a context of morphological expansion of the general population, how do athletes follow such a pattern of anthropometric growth? Is there any relation to performance? Biometric data including mass, height, body mass index (BMI) and age were collected for 50,376 American athletes representing 249,336 annual performers playing in professional ...
Djallé Djibrine - - 2014
Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are the current complement to microscopy for ensuring prompt malaria treatment. We determined the performance of three candidate RDTs (ParacheckTM-Pf, SD Bioline malaria Ag-Pf and SD Bioline malaria Ag-Pf/pan) for rapid diagnosis of malaria in the Central African Republic. Blood samples from consecutive febrile patients who ...
Clark Emma M EM Musculoskeletal Research Unit, University of Bristol, - - 2014
There is an increasing body of research suggesting that low body weight is associated with scoliosis, but this is based on case-control studies which are prone to bias. No studies have investigated the components of body weight: fat and lean mass. We have therefore carried out the first population-based prospective ...
Hadley Craig C Department of Anthropology, Emory University, ATL, GA, - - 2014
Many studies have linked measures of adult body shape and mass in ancient and contemporary populations to ecogeographical variables such as temperature and latitude. These results tend to support Bergmann's rule, which posits that bodies will be relatively less slender for their height in colder climates and more slender in ...
Gholami Fesharaki M M Biostatistics Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran 1411713116, - - 2014
BackgroundIt has been suggested that shift work (SW) is associated with changes in blood pressure (BP). However, studies have reported contradictory results.AimsTo prospectively examine the association between SW and BP among male workers.MethodsA historical cohort study, involving workers of Esfahan's Mobarakeh Steel Company, in Iran, was conducted over 14 years. ...
Yu Yan Y Yan Yu is with the Australian Demographic and Social Research Institute, Australian National University, Canberra, - - 2014
In a recent article, Masters et al.(1) analyzed the National Health Interview Survey series to study the age patterns of the association between body mass and mortality. They cited a previous study(2) of mine as showing that "weaker associations between obesity and mortality at older ages likely reflect confounding from ...
Maseroli E E Sexual Medicine and Andrology Unit, Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139, Florence, - - 2014
To analyze possible relationships between gynecomastia and clinical and biochemical parameters in a large cohort of subjects with sexual dysfunction (SD). A consecutive series of 4,023 men attending our Outpatient Clinic for SD was retrospectively studied. After excluding Klinefelter's syndrome patients, the prevalence of gynecomastia was 3.1 %. Subjects with gynecomastia ...
Wells J C K JC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, University College London, - - 2014
Objective:Obesity is associated with rapid growth during childhood. There is uncertainty over how to adjust for body size, when using adiposity as a proxy for cardiovascular risk. We studied associations of height, body composition (by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) and cardiovascular risk markers (insulin resistance (IR), leptin) in children.Methods:Using partial correlations ...
Chowdhury Shahryar M SM Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Racial differences in carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) have been suggested to be associated with the disproportionally high prevalence of cardiovascular disease in black adults. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of cardiovascular risk factors on the racial differences seen in cIMT in obese children. Obese subjects ...
Kowal Małgorzata M Department of Anthropology, University School of Physical Education in Kraków , Jan Pawła II Kraków , - - 2014
Abstract Background: Body mass disorders are an increasing problem, especially in industrialized countries. Aim: Determination of time- and age-related differences in the prevalence of overweight, obesity and in body composition in girls from 1983, 2000 and 2010. Subject and methods: In 2010 an anthropological study was conducted on 1970 girls ...
Yamada Minoru M Department of Human Health Sciences, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
The age-dependent loss of skeletal muscle mass is highly concerning in diverse aging populations. However, age-dependent changes in muscle mass and the visceral fat area have not been well documented in Asian populations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the age-dependent changes in skeletal muscle mass and ...
Yu Ruby R Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, New Territories, Hong - - 2014
We examined the incidence and the reversibility of sarcopenia and their associated factors over a 4-year period using the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) criteria. A total of 4000 community-dwelling older adults aged ≥65 years were evaluated for which detailed information regarding demographics, socioeconomic, medical history, ...
Sampaio Ricardo Aurélio Carvalho RA Department of Human Health Sciences, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
To examine whether arterial stiffness, measured by the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), is associated with skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) in Japanese community-dwelling older adults. Data were collected from 175 participants through questionnaires and specific tests; the data included demographic, lifestyle and health characteristics, body mass index (BMI), and body ...
Rump Michael Clemens MC Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10% body mass load on resisted sled towing 30 meter sprint times in male youth athletes of different maturity status. A total of 35 athletes (19 prepeak-height-velocity (PHV) and 16 mid/post-PHV) sprinted three times in ...
Falsarella Gláucia R - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of muscle mass and bone mineral density on markers of mobility in dwelling elderly women. This cross-sectional study included 99 elderly women, who were 65 years old or above, in Campinas-SP, Brazil. To collect data, we used sociodemographic data, the ...
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