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Castillo Daniela Laura Del DL Laboratorio de Ecología, Comportamiento y Mamíferos Marinos, División Mastozoología-Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" (CONICET), Av. Ángel Gallardo 470 (C1405DJR), Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Pectoral flippers of cetaceans function to provide stability and maneuverability during locomotion. Directional asymmetry (DA) is a common feature among odontocete cetaceans, as well as sexual dimorphism (SD). For the first time DA, allometry, physical maturity, and SD of the flipper skeleton-by X-ray technique-of Pontoporia blainvillei were analyzed. The number ...
Jacobson Seth A SA 1] Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Laboratoire Lagrange, Boulevard de l'Observatoire, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France [2] Universität Bayreuth, Bayerisches Geoinstitut, 95440 Bayreuth, - - 2014
According to the generally accepted scenario, the last giant impact on Earth formed the Moon and initiated the final phase of core formation by melting Earth's mantle. A key goal of geochemistry is to date this event, but different ages have been proposed. Some argue for an early Moon-forming event, ...
Räisänen A A Tampere Research Centre of Sports Medicine, Tampere, - - 2014
Knee valgus angles have been identified as important predictors of ACL injury risk. To screen for athletes with poor dynamic knee stability simple field tests are needed. Purpose of this study was to find out if the subjective assessment of knee control in the single-leg squat task correlates with the ...
Cusick Jason J 1Power Lift Strength and Conditioning Laboratory, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the track block start (BS), rhythm step (false step) (RS) and the forward step (FS) on sprint start ability in male Division I collegiate football linebackers. Although the blocks are not practical in the sport of football, they were used as a ...
Cipriani Daniel J DJ Associate Professor, Chapman University, One University Drive, Orange, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the opinions of experienced cyclists on perceived influence of a posture-cueing shirt with compressive properties on their comfort and recovery. Twenty experienced cyclists wore a compressive shirt during rides and as a postride recovery shirt; cyclists rated their perceived experiences during rides ...
Sedeaud Adrien A a IRMES, Institut de Recherche bioMédicale et d'Epidémiologie du Sport , Paris , - - 2014
In a context of morphological expansion of the general population, how do athletes follow such a pattern of anthropometric growth? Is there any relation to performance? Biometric data including mass, height, body mass index (BMI) and age were collected for 50,376 American athletes representing 249,336 annual performers playing in professional ...
Djallé Djibrine - - 2014
Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are the current complement to microscopy for ensuring prompt malaria treatment. We determined the performance of three candidate RDTs (ParacheckTM-Pf, SD Bioline malaria Ag-Pf and SD Bioline malaria Ag-Pf/pan) for rapid diagnosis of malaria in the Central African Republic. Blood samples from consecutive febrile patients who ...
Clark Emma M EM Musculoskeletal Research Unit, University of Bristol, - - 2014
There is an increasing body of research suggesting that low body weight is associated with scoliosis, but this is based on case-control studies which are prone to bias. No studies have investigated the components of body weight: fat and lean mass. We have therefore carried out the first population-based prospective ...
Hadley Craig C Department of Anthropology, Emory University, ATL, GA, - - 2014
Many studies have linked measures of adult body shape and mass in ancient and contemporary populations to ecogeographical variables such as temperature and latitude. These results tend to support Bergmann's rule, which posits that bodies will be relatively less slender for their height in colder climates and more slender in ...
Gholami Fesharaki M M Biostatistics Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran 1411713116, - - 2014
BackgroundIt has been suggested that shift work (SW) is associated with changes in blood pressure (BP). However, studies have reported contradictory results.AimsTo prospectively examine the association between SW and BP among male workers.MethodsA historical cohort study, involving workers of Esfahan's Mobarakeh Steel Company, in Iran, was conducted over 14 years. ...
Yu Yan Y Yan Yu is with the Australian Demographic and Social Research Institute, Australian National University, Canberra, - - 2014
In a recent article, Masters et al.(1) analyzed the National Health Interview Survey series to study the age patterns of the association between body mass and mortality. They cited a previous study(2) of mine as showing that "weaker associations between obesity and mortality at older ages likely reflect confounding from ...
Maseroli E E Sexual Medicine and Andrology Unit, Department of Experimental, Clinical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 6, 50139, Florence, - - 2014
To analyze possible relationships between gynecomastia and clinical and biochemical parameters in a large cohort of subjects with sexual dysfunction (SD). A consecutive series of 4,023 men attending our Outpatient Clinic for SD was retrospectively studied. After excluding Klinefelter's syndrome patients, the prevalence of gynecomastia was 3.1 %. Subjects with gynecomastia ...
Wells J C K JC Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Child Health, University College London, - - 2014
Objective:Obesity is associated with rapid growth during childhood. There is uncertainty over how to adjust for body size, when using adiposity as a proxy for cardiovascular risk. We studied associations of height, body composition (by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) and cardiovascular risk markers (insulin resistance (IR), leptin) in children.Methods:Using partial correlations ...
Chowdhury Shahryar M SM Department of Pediatrics, Division of Cardiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Racial differences in carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) have been suggested to be associated with the disproportionally high prevalence of cardiovascular disease in black adults. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of cardiovascular risk factors on the racial differences seen in cIMT in obese children. Obese subjects ...
Kowal Małgorzata M Department of Anthropology, University School of Physical Education in Kraków , Jan Pawła II Kraków , - - 2014
Abstract Background: Body mass disorders are an increasing problem, especially in industrialized countries. Aim: Determination of time- and age-related differences in the prevalence of overweight, obesity and in body composition in girls from 1983, 2000 and 2010. Subject and methods: In 2010 an anthropological study was conducted on 1970 girls ...
Yamada Minoru M Department of Human Health Sciences, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
The age-dependent loss of skeletal muscle mass is highly concerning in diverse aging populations. However, age-dependent changes in muscle mass and the visceral fat area have not been well documented in Asian populations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the age-dependent changes in skeletal muscle mass and ...
Yu Ruby R Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, New Territories, Hong - - 2014
We examined the incidence and the reversibility of sarcopenia and their associated factors over a 4-year period using the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) criteria. A total of 4000 community-dwelling older adults aged ≥65 years were evaluated for which detailed information regarding demographics, socioeconomic, medical history, ...
Sampaio Ricardo Aurélio Carvalho RA Department of Human Health Sciences, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
To examine whether arterial stiffness, measured by the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), is associated with skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) in Japanese community-dwelling older adults. Data were collected from 175 participants through questionnaires and specific tests; the data included demographic, lifestyle and health characteristics, body mass index (BMI), and body ...
Rump Michael Clemens MC Sport Performance Research Institute New Zealand, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10% body mass load on resisted sled towing 30 meter sprint times in male youth athletes of different maturity status. A total of 35 athletes (19 prepeak-height-velocity (PHV) and 16 mid/post-PHV) sprinted three times in ...
Falsarella Gláucia R - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of muscle mass and bone mineral density on markers of mobility in dwelling elderly women. This cross-sectional study included 99 elderly women, who were 65 years old or above, in Campinas-SP, Brazil. To collect data, we used sociodemographic data, the ...
Debárbora Valeria N VN Centro de Ecología Aplicada del Litoral (CECOAL-CONICET), Ruta 5 Km 2.5, Corrientes, - - 2014
Natural infestation of Amblyomma dubitatum in relation to individual specific attributes of Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris such as sex, body mass and body condition was analyzed. The anatomical distribution of A. dubitatum on H. hyrochaeris was also evaluated. Prevalence of adults and nymphs were significantly higher than prevalence of larvae. Non-significant differences ...
Acosta Andres A Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research (C.E.N.T.E.R.), Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Charlton 8-110, 200 First St. S.W., Rochester, MN, 55905, - - 2014
Melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) has a major role in energy homeostasis. The rs17782313 polymorphism, mapped 188 kb downstream from MC4R, has been associated with satiety, higher body mass index (BMI) and total calorie intake in adults. To assess the association of rs17782313 with gastric functions, satiation, or satiety, we studied 178 ...
Amidu N N Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, - - 2014
Sexual dysfunction (SD) is devastating to a man's ego and its presence could defeat his purpose of masculinity. A number of studies have explored and reported on existing comorbidities between SD and medical conditions for which urological problems are no exception. However, in Ghana there is paucity of data exploring ...
Moon Seong-Su SS Department of Internal Medicine, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Dongdae-ro 87, Gyeongju, Gyeongbuk Province, 780-350, South Korea, - - 2014
We investigated association of lean body mass with bone mass (BM) and bone mineral density (BMD) according to gender and menopausal status in the general Korean population. Participants included 4,299 males and 5,226 females who were 20 years of age or older from the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and ...
Valente-Dos-Santos João J Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Coimbra , Coimbra , Portugal - - 2014
Abstract Background: Normalizing left ventricular mass (LVM) for inter-individual variation in body size is a central issue in human biology. During the adolescent growth spurt, variability in body size descriptors needs to be interpreted in combination with biological maturation. Aim: To examine the contribution of biological maturation, stature, sitting height, ...
Hart Nicolas H NH Centre for Exercise and Sport Science Research, Edith Cowan University , Perth, Australia ; Fremantle Dockers Football Club , Perth, - - 2014
Differential loading patterns during game-based participation may produce or exacerbate strength imbalances between the lower limbs. It is currently unknown whether such imbalances are functionally beneficial or detrimental to performance. This study assessed the influence of lower limb strength and lean mass symmetry on kicking accuracy in Australian Football. Thirty-one ...
Sinha Rajan Kumar RK Department of Urology, CNMCH, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2014
A case of a simple ureterocele, containing multiple calculi within, prolapsing through the urethra and presenting as a vulval mass in a woman aged 35 years with urinary retention. Following confirmation of diagnosis by plain X-ray and sonography, the calculi were extracted by incising the ureterocele, which was reduced in ...
Barboutis Christos C Natural History Museum of Crete, University of Crete , Iraklion , - - 2014
Garden Warblers Sylvia borin were studied during autumn stopover in Crete before crossing the barrier of the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert. Birds followed with transmitters show extensive stopover periods, which were longer in first-year birds, 16 days, compared with adult birds, 14 days. The distribution of body masses ...
Hillesheim Elaine E Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, - - 2013
This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the nutritional status and dietary intake of HIV-infected children and adolescents and the relationship between nutritional status and dietary intake and CD4(+) T-cell count and viral load. The sample was composed of 49 subjects aged 7-17 years and living in Florianópolis, Brazil. Nutritional status ...
Ghobadi Hamid H Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education & Sports Science, Kharazmi University, Tehran, - - 2013
Identifying the anthropometric measures of successful and less successful handball players may be helpful in developing a talent identification and development model, allowing for the determination of key physical capacities required for elite performance. The purpose of the study was to describe the anthropometric characteristics, including age, standing stature, body ...
Park Sung-Un SU Department of Population Medicine & Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, - - 2013
Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) delay sexual development when raised in short day (SD; 10 h light: 14 h dark) conditions, which leads to delayed onset of estrous cycles and ovulations as compared to females raised in long day (LD; 16 h light: 8 h dark) conditions. In addition to the absence of pre-ovulatory follicles ...
- - 2013
OBJECTIVEs: The aim of the study was to investigate secular trends in body mass index among the young military population. This involved a comparison of changes in the body mass index (BMI) and height among 19-year-old males from 11 successive birth cohorts. Samples of a total of 37,934 conscripts between ...
Thankamony Ajay - - 2013
Anogenital distance (AGD) in animals is a sensitive biomarker of fetal endocrine disruption and the associated testicular dysgenesis syndrome (TDS). However, AGD in human infants with cryptorchidism and hypospadias, which are potential manifestations of TDS during childhood, is not clearly described. Our aim was to compare AGD in boys with ...
Kazemi Mohsen M Associate Professor, Faculty of Clinical Education, Research and Graduate Studies, Sports Sciences Residency program coordinator, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, 6100 Leslie Street, Toronto, ON, M2H 3J1., Tel: 416-482-2340, - - 2013
Our study aims to identify trends in anthropomorphic attributes and competitive strategies of successful (medalists) versus non medalist young Olympic Taekwondo competitors by gender in terms of body mass, body-mass index (BMI) and fighting technique at the Youth Olympic Games 2010. Results were then compared to adult Taekwondo Olympic athletes ...
Stanula Arkadiusz - - 2013
This study characterizes the athletes participating in the 2010 Winter Olympic Games in terms of body height, body mass and BMI. The studied sample consisted of athletes in the top 20 places of each of 14 sports disciplines (1460 cases). Data on the athletes' age, height, body mass, and sports ...
Linder D - - 2013
Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that shares some features with psoriasis. Previous reports have demonstrated an association between hypertension and psoriasis. Chronic skin inflammation may plays a role in the aetiology of hypertension in both disorders. To evaluate the association between SD and hypertension in an ...
Tartaruga Marcus P - - 2013
To identify the effect of allometric scaling on the relationship between running efficiency (REff) and middle-distance running performance according to performance level. Thirteen recreational middle-distance runners (male, mean ± SD - age: 33.3 ± 8.4 years; body mass: 76.4 ± 8.6 kg; maximal oxygen uptake - VO2max 52.8 ± 4.6 ...
McNarry M A - - 2013
To assess the relationship between asthma, body mass index (BMI) and aerobic performance, as indicated by a shuttle test. 20,577 participants (10,413 boys) from the SportsLinx serial cross-sectional study participated. Parental reports of asthma status and home postcode data were gathered from consent forms. Stature, sitting stature and body mass ...
Buchheit M - - 2013
To examine the effects of body size on locomotor performance, 807 15-year-old French and 64 Qatari soccer players participated in the present study. They performed a 40-m sprint and an incremental running test to assess maximal sprinting (MSS) and aerobic speeds, respectively. French players were advanced in maturity, taller, heavier, ...
Smith S - - 2013
The burden of childhood thinness in the UK is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and year-on-year trends of childhood thinness in a population born between 1970 and 2006 in North East Scotland. Measurements were routinely collected by school nurses as part of school ...
Harambat Jérôme - - 2013
Growth and final height are of major concern in children with ESRD. This study sought to describe the distribution of adult height of patients who started renal replacement therapy (RRT) during childhood and to identify determinants of final height in a large cohort of RRT children. A total of 1612 ...
Charles Luenda E - - 2013
To investigate associations between shiftwork and glomerular filtration rate among white/Hispanic (n = 273) and African American (n = 81) police officers. Analysis of variance/analysis of variance was utilized to compare mean values of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) across shiftwork categories. Shiftwork was significantly associated with eGFR among white/Hispanic ...
Losnegard Thomas - - 2013
Sprint (≤ 1.8 km) and distance skiing (≥ 15 km) performance rely heavily on the aerobic capacity. However, in sprint skiing, due to the ~ 20% higher speed, anaerobic capacity may contribute significantly. This study aimed to identify the possible anthropometric and physiological differences between elite male sprint and distance ...
Mueller Juliane - - 2013
Differences in trunk strength capacity due to gender and sports are well documented in adults. In contrast, data concerning young athletes is sparse. The purpose of this study was to assess the maximum trunk strength of adolescent athletes and to investigate differences between genders and age groups.A total of 520 ...
Melo Xavier - - 2013
Early detection of impairment in vascular structure is an important clinical pursuit. However, it is unknown which measure of body composition best predicts vascular wall changes. We assess the differences in body composition among intima-media thickness (IMT) tertiles and determined which measures of body composition are associated with IMT in ...
Fuchs Helmut - - 2013
Dual-energy X-ray absorption (DEXA) is commonly used to measure bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC), and body composition data (fat mass and lean mass) for phenotype assessment in mice. We were interested in the long-term development of BMD, BMC, lean mass, and fat mass of mice, also taking ...
Rodriguez-Tolrà Josep - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We evaluated the safety of testosterone treatment and its efficacy on body composition in males with testosterone deficiency syndrome (TDS) over 24 months. Methods: 50 males aged 50-65 years with TDS (Aging Males Symptoms Scale [AMS] > 26 and calculated free testosterone [cFT] 250 pmol/l) were administered 50 mg testosterone gel daily ...
Girard Danielle - - 2013
Indices of body composition and muscular strength were compared between men with prostate cancer (PCa) treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and asymptomatic matched men. Nine subjects aged 63-83 years with PCa who received ADT (PCa+ADT; duration 6-180 months) and 11 asymptomatic aged-matched eugonadal men (HM) aged 59-80 years were assessed for prostate-specific ...
Bezerra Natalia P A - - 2013
The reproduction of Blackfin tuna Thunnus atlanticus has been described for coastal regions, and for a long time, this species was considered to be a strictly continental spawner. Recently, this species was observed around a seamount habitat 500 nautical miles Northeast of Brazil, located between South America and Africa. In ...
Rumpf Michael Clemens - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10% body mass load on resisted sled towing 30 meter sprint times in male youth athletes of different maturity status. A total of 35 athletes (19 pre-peak-height-velocity (PHV) and 16 mid-/post-PHV) sprinted three times in ...
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