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Harrington D M - - 2013
Body mass index (BMI) percentiles have been routinely and historically used to identify elevated adiposity. The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) BMI percentile that predicts elevated visceral adipose tissue (VAT), fat mass and cardiometabolic risk in a biracial sample ...
Lovell Geoff P - - 2012
Research in sports science disciplines such as sport psychology has demonstrated that practitioner's physical characteristics influence clients' perceptions of their effectiveness, potentially mediating the efficacy of subsequent interventions. However, very little research has been directed towards this issue for sports dietitians (SDs'), the health professionals that athletes are likely to ...
Tafani Marion - - 2012
Sex-specific senescence has been commonly reported in highly dimorphic and polygynous species. However, whether between-sex differences in senescence occur in monogamous and monomorphic species is poorly known. In this study, we used an extensive dataset of 20 years of mass measurements on free-ranging male and female Alpine marmots (Marmota marmota), a ...
Tobin John J - - 2012
In their earliest stages, protostars accrete mass from their surrounding envelopes through circumstellar disks. Until now, the smallest observed protostar-to-envelope mass ratio was about 2.1 (ref. 1). The protostar L1527 IRS is thought to be in the earliest stages of star formation. Its envelope contains about one solar mass of ...
Rios-Touma Blanca - - 2012
The persistence of aquatic insect populations in streams depends on the recruitment of larval populations from egg masses deposited by adults, especially after disturbance. However, recruitment of aquatic populations by oviposition is a process that remains unstudied in streams and rivers. The objectives of our study were to document flying ...
Mitrus Cezary - - 2012
Older red-breasted flycatcher males (after the second year) have an orange patch on the throat and breast. To date, the occurrence of this ornament has been explained in terms of male-male interactions. In this paper, we show that badge size also influences the mating success of red-breasted-flycatcher males. In addition ...
Knechtle Beat - - 2012
Body Mass Index is associated with endurance performance in athletes. Reported and measured values of body mass and body height in 1,618 endurance athletes (1,358 men, 260 women) showed that men and women both underestimated their body mass and overestimated their body height, leading to an underestimation of Body Mass ...
Sipek Dolničar Alenka - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to investigate the incidence of scleroderma spectrum disorders (SDS) in Slovenia. METHODS: From 01.01.2007 to 31.12.2009 we prospectively examined all patients over 18 years of age suspected of suffering from SDS who were referred to our department, which is the only Rheumatology referral centre in the ...
Thomson W M - - 2012
Objective: To determine whether coronal caries experience through to the 30s predicts root surface caries experience by age 38. Method: Prospective study of a complete birth cohort (n = 1,037) born in 1972/73 in Dunedin, New Zealand. Dental examinations were conducted at ages 5, 9, 15, 18, 26, 32 and ...
Zhang Hongbing - - 2012
The purpose of this work is to investigate the age-related changes in body composition and their relationship with bone mineral density decreasing rates (BDR) in central south Chinese postmenopausal women. BDR is the percentage of bone mineral density (BMD) decreasing value relative to the peak bone mass. A cross-sectional study ...
Wachsmuth N B - - 2012
Aim of the study was to determine the influence of classic altitude training on hemoglobin mass (Hb-mass) in elite swimmers under the following aspects: (1) normal oscillation of Hb-mass at sea level; (2) time course of adaptation and de-adaptation; (3) sex influences; (4) influences of illness and injury; (5) interaction ...
Lem Annemieke J - - 2012
Context:Postponement of puberty by GnRH analog (GnRHa) in addition to GH treatment might increase adult height (AH) in short adolescents born small for gestational age (SGA). GnRHa treatment is thought to have negative effects on bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition.Objective:The objective of the study was to assess the ...
Lim Jung Sub - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Long-term survival of children with osteosarcoma has increased, but most suffer from osteoporosis in adulthood. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and identify the risk factors of osteoporosis. METHODS:: Forty long-term survivors of osteosarcoma and 55 controls were enrolled. The mean age of the survivors ...
Chuang Michael L - - 2012
The goal of this study was to assess the relationship of left ventricular (LV) trabeculae and papillary muscles (TPM) with clinical characteristics in a community-based, free-living adult cohort and to determine the effect of TPM on quantitative measures of LV volume, mass, and ejection fraction (EF). Hypertrabeculation has been associated ...
Kerr A A Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, 106 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NW, United Kingdom. - - 2013
Restoring movement fluency is a key focus for physical rehabilitation; it's measurement, however, lacks objectivity. The purpose of this study was to find whether measurable movement fluency variables differed between groups of adults with different movement abilities whilst performing the sit-to-walk (STW) movement. The movement fluency variables were: (1) hesitation ...
Jasuja Guneet Kaur GK Department of Mathematics, Boston University, Massachusetts, Boston, MA 02118, - - 2013
Age trends in estradiol and estrone levels in men and how lifestyle factors, comorbid conditions, testosterone, and sex hormone-binding globulin affect these age trends remain poorly understood, and were examined in men of the Framingham Heart Study. Estrone and estradiol concentrations were measured in morning fasting samples using liquid chromatography ...
Ostermann Marc M Institute for Geology and Palaeontology, University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, - - 2012
In the Obernberg valley, the Eastern Alps, landforms recently interpreted as moraines are re-interpreted as rock avalanche deposits. The catastrophic slope failure involved an initial rock volume of about 45 million m³, with a runout of 7.2 km over a total vertical distance of 1330 m (fahrböschung 10°). (36)Cl surface-exposure dating of boulders ...
Rider Oliver J OJ Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Oxford, UK. - - 2013
As obesity-related cardiovascular mortality, although elevated when compared with normal weight, is lower in females than in males at every body mass index (BMI) level, we aimed to investigate gender-specific differences in left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy in obesity, which themselves have been shown to have varying prognostic value. In total, ...
Brandenburg Jason P - - 2012
This study determined the fluid balance of elite female basketball players before and during competition. Before and during 2 international games, 17 national-level players (age 24.2 ± 3 yr, height 180.5 ± 6 cm, mass 78.8 ± 8 kg) were assessed. Fluid-balance assessment included pregame hydration level as determined by ...
Vaz Luís - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare physical exertion and game performance indicators of experienced and novice Rugby Union players when playing small-sided games. Forty male players (M age = 21.6 yr., SD = 3.6; M Height = 177.7cm, SD = 7.4; M body mass 81.2 kg, SD = ...
Tanaka Toshiaki - - 2012
The efficacy and safety of 8 yr of GH treatment was assessed in 44 Japanese children with small for gestational age (SGA) short stature who met the criteria for GH treatment initiation (height SD score (SDS) <-2.5 SD) of the Japanese guidelines. Height SDS in subjects improved throughout the study ...
Lee Mi Eun - - 2012
It has been proposed that the pro-inflammatory catalytic activity of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays a key role in the aging process. However, it remains unclear whether the COX-2 activity is a causal factor for aging and whether COX-2 inhibitors could prevent aging. We here examined the effect of COX-2 inhibitors on ...
Lek E - - 2012
The size and age data and patterns of growth of three abundant, reef-dwelling and protogynous labrid species (Coris auricularis, Notolabrus parilus and Ophthalmolepis lineolata) in waters off Perth at c. 32° S and in the warmer waters of the Jurien Bay Marine Park (JBMP) at c. 30° S on the ...
Al-Shamy George - - 2012
Object Lateral mass screws are routinely placed throughout the subaxial cervical spine in adults, but there are few clinical or radiographic studies regarding lateral mass fixation in children. The morphology of pediatric cervical lateral masses may be associated with greater difficulty in obtaining adequate purchase. The authors examined the lateral ...
Nikolaidis Pantelis Theodoros - - 2012
Adolescents are in increased risk for the development of obesity, while sport has been suggested as an effective means against adolescent obesity. The objectives of this study were to examine (a) the prevalence of overweightness/obesity, (b) the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and body fat percent (BF), and (c) ...
Blaser Martin J MJ Department of Medicine, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, USA. - - 2013
The human skin harbors complex bacterial communities. Prior studies showing high inter-individual variation focused on subjects from developed countries. We therefore compared cutaneous bacterial communities of Amerindians in the Venezuelan Amazon with subjects in the United States. Forearm skin specimens were studied from healthy Amerindians in Platanillal village in Amazonas ...
Reicks Cassie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Novel, blue fluorescent solids referred to as Wild Plum compounds can camouflage skin imperfections when incorporated into cosmetic products. We evaluated the relationship between sun exposure and skin fluorescence and determined if the application of Wild Plum formulations could restore lost fluorescence without harming the skin. METHODS: The forehead ...
Gall Brian G - - 2012
We investigated the presence of tetrodotoxin (TTX) in the eggs of wild-caught newts (Taricha granulosa) at capture and again after one, two, and three years in captivity. Females initially produced eggs that contained quantities of TTX similar to previous descriptions of eggs from wild-caught adults. After the first year in ...
Alexis Andrew F - - 2012
Racial and ethnic differences in the age of onset, severity, and anatomical features of facial aging have been described. In addition, increased melanocyte lability and fibroblast reactivity are functional features that are characteristic of skin of color. These differences should be considered when treating patients with soft tissue fillers in ...
Tsukahara Kazue - - 2012
OBJECTIVE To identify whether there is a relationship between solar elastosis and the development of wrinkles in human skin. DESIGN Wrinkle depth was measured on the forehead and lateral canthus of human cadavers using image analysis. The thickness of the dermis was measured in skin sections obtained around wrinkles and ...
Adachi Takeki - - 2012
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: This study demonstrated decreased serum carnitine levels and elevated skin AGEs in hemodialysis patients, and provides a possible novel marker of cardiovascular outcomes in this group of patients. ABSTRACT: Background and Aims:   There is accumulating evidence that advanced glycation end products (AGEs) play a role ...
Leavens Teresa L - - 2012
Nanomaterials increasingly are playing a role in society for uses ranging from biomedicine to microelectronics; however, pharmacokinetic studies, which will be necessary for human health risk assessments, are limited. Currently the most widely used nanoparticle in consumer products is silver (Ag). The objective of the present study was to quantify ...
Millet Claire - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Elderly patients are susceptible to skin ulcerations on the supramedial malleolar area of the leg. Our aim was, using local thermal hyperaemia, to study microvascular function on the gaiter area skin of elderly, but otherwise healthy volunteers, because abnormal microvascular reactivity could contribute to ulcerations in this region. METHODS: ...
Ekiz O - - 2012
Background.  Skin ageing is a continuous process, with intrinsic factors determining which extrinsic factors (chronic sun exposure and other environmental factors, particularly smoking) have the greatest effect. Aim.  To investigate the effects of lifestyle and environmental factors on skin ageing in a Mediterranean population from Ankara, Turkey. Methods.  In total, ...
Vybohová D - - 2012
The present study focuses on the quantitative changes of the capillary bed in aging human skin. Forty-five skin samples were excised from the anterior thoracic region of cadavers of caucasian origin in the age range 33-82 years. The immunohistochemical method with anti-human CD34 was used for the detection of the ...
Crisan Diana - - 2012
Background: High-frequency ultrasound is a noninvasive tool that offers characteristic markers, quantifying the cutaneous changes of the physiological senescence process. Aims: The aim was to assess the changes in skin thickness, dermal density and echogenicity, as part of the ageing process, with different age intervals. Methods : The study was ...
Telenga Eef D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Inhaled glucocorticosteroids reduce airway inflammation in asthma patients, thereby improving lung function and reducing airway hyperresponsiveness and symptoms. The response to glucocorticosteroids can be measured with the glucocorticosteroid skin-blanching test. We investigated if asthmatics have a lower skin-blanching response to glucocorticosteroids than non-asthmatic subjects and if asthmatics with airway ...
Shlivko I L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the described study was complex assessment of age-specific morphofunctional features of skin of different anatomic localization using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: Forty-three healthy volunteers aging from 4 to 74 years were enrolled in the study. Optical and functional skin parameters were studied in 18 areas of ...
Watfa G - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and pulse wave velocity (PWV) are pivotal indices of the processes of arterial ageing and damage accumulation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of AGEs, as measured by a non-invasive skin autofluorescence method, on arterial stiffness, estimated by PWV, in ...
Castilho Silvia D - - 2012
Abstract Background: Excessive increases in percentage body fat (%BF) according to sex may pose greater risks of chronic diseases. Objective: To evaluate trends of body composition according to sexual maturation stage and body mass index (BMI) of adolescents. Method: Data about weight, height, lean mass, fat mass, %BF, BMI and ...
Longo Caterina - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Many instrumental devices have been testing in analysing and quantifying the skin aging signs. However, histopathology still remains the only methods that allow a microscopic assessment of the skin. However, a skin biopsy is not feasible in aesthetically critical areas such as the face. Recently, confocal microscopy has been ...
Arce-Lopera Carlos - - 2012
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Recent research on the age-dependent changes of facial skin has analyzed their correlation with changes in image and colorimetric properties using mainly first- and second-order statistics. The aim of this study is to reveal the importance of third-order statistics and relate those image properties to skin age perception. METHODS: ...
Choi Jae Woo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Various skin parameters including skin visco-elasticity and hydration level affect the formation of wrinkles. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the comprehensive and objective relationship between age, skin visco-elasticity, hydration level, and the occurrence of wrinkles using bioengineering equipments for the first time. METHODS: A total ...
Osborne R - - 2012
The use of global gene expression profiling, also known as transcriptomics or genomics, provides a means to identify key pathways affected in ageing skin that can be improved with appropriate cosmetic compounds. Aspects of skin ageing that can be addressed include matrix production, barrier, lipid synthesis, antioxidant capacity and hyperpigmentation. ...
Marsella Rosanna - - 2012
Background -  Cutaneous impairment plays a crucial role in atopic dermatitis (AD). Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) measurement is an indirect assessment of skin barrier function and correlates with disease severity in humans. Skin impairment also exists in canine AD; however, concerns exist regarding variability and reliability of TEWL measurements in dogs. ...
Kircik Leon H - - 2012
Background: Although reliable prevalence data are not available, adult acne is thought to be somewhat common, and it is not unusual for patients to have acne as well as early signs of skin aging. A novel anti-acne/anti-aging formulation (Treatment A) has been developed for daily use by patients to address ...
Hughes Maria Celia MC Cancer and Populations Studies, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Qld, Australia. - - 2012
Evidence suggests that skin surface microtopography is a valid measure of photoaging among young adults, but whether this applies to older adults is unknown. We investigated the association between degree of photoaging as measured by histological dermal elastosis and skin microtopography grades by decade of age from 40 to 89 ...
Ohshima Hiroshi - - 2012
BACKGROUND/AIM: The decrease of skin elasticity on the cheek is a major concern to woman. The Cutometer(®) has been widely used to evaluate skin elasticity and its change with aging. Cutometer parameters derived from one suction have been traditionally used to evaluate skin elasticity, and few reports describe the use ...
Kim Da-Hee - - 2012
In February 2010, dermatitis characterized by scale and self-trauma due to puritis was recognized in a group of 22 four-toed hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris Wagner, 1841) from a local pet shop in Gwangju, Korea. Microscopic examinations of skin scraping samples showed numerous mites of all developmental stages. Morphologically, pedicels of adult ...
Angelova-Fischer I - - 2012
Background:  The barrier perturbation pattern and molecular markers of inflammation upon tandem repeated irritation in chronologically aged skin have not been previously studied. Objectives:  We aimed to investigate the barrier impairment kinetic and in vivo cytokine profile following sequential irritation with sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) and undiluted toluene in aged ...
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