Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1987
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Mueller Noel T NT Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2013
There is biological crosstalk between insulin signaling and bone remodeling pathways, and wrist circumference and bone area were recently found to associate with insulin resistance independent of body mass index (BMI) in overweight/obese children. We aimed to expand on this work by using more specific measures of adiposity for adjustment ...
Plachta-Danielzik S - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Adiposity rebound (AR) is defined as the nadir or the inflexion point of body mass index (BMI) percentiles between the age of 3 and 7 years. An early rebound is seen as a risk of obesity and, thus, AR is considered as a suitable time period for prevention. As BMI ...
Duncan Michael J - - 2013
This study sought to compare the utility of either inverted body mass index or body mass index to optimise the relationship with body esteem in young adolescents Design: The study was cross sectional in design and assessed body esteem and weight status in756 young adolescents (394 boys, 362 girls, mean ...
Rossoni de Oliveira Vanessa - - 2013
Background: Studies seeking to establish an association between migraine and anthropometric parameters have thus far been inconclusive. Furthermore, drugs used for migraine prophylaxis may be associated with changes in body weight. Objective: To investigate the potential association of anthropometric parameters and body fat percentage with attack patterns and use of ...
Islam M S - - 2013
This prospective, cross-sectional population based survey was carried out in the Respiratory wing, Department of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh to see the prevalence and risk factors of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among Dhaka City Population in Bangladesh. The total sample size was 900 at the ...
Embong Muhammad Fadli - - 2013
Hippocampal volume is affected by several psychiatric illnesses of old age, as well as by normal aging. It is important to have a normal data in a population to assist in diagnosis. The aim of this study is to determine hippocampal volume in normal Malay people aged 50 years old ...
Bardsley Martha Zeger MZ Division of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA; Department of Pediatrics, Nemours and duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, - - 2013
To describe auxologic, physical, and behavioral features in a large cohort of males with 47,XYY (XYY), ages newborn to young adult. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study of male subjects with XYY who were evaluated at 1 of 2 specialized academic sites. Subjects underwent a history, physical examination, laboratory testing, ...
Di Michele Rocco - - 2013
Running economy is a key determinant of endurance performance, and understanding the biomechanical factors that affect it is of great theoretical and applied interest. This study aimed to analyse how the ground-contact time and strike pattern used by competitive runners concurrently affect running economy. Cross-sectional. Fourteen sub-elite male competitive distance ...
Scheermeyer Elly - - 2013
AIM: The Australian Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) database was established to monitor the efficacy and safety of growth hormone (GH) treatment in PWS. This study aims to compare response to GH based on eligibility criteria. METHODS: Comparative study: 72 children received GH on the basis of short stature or evidence of ...
Griffiths Paula L - - 2013
Despite the strongly established link between socio-economic status (SES) and health across most stages of the life-course, the evidence for a socio-economic gradient in adolescent health outcomes is less consistent. This paper examines associations between household, school, and neighbourhood SES measures with body composition outcomes in 16 year old South ...
Groves S E - - 2013
Early Medieval England is described historically as a time when people migrated from the Continent to English shores. This study tests the hypothesis that those buried in the Bowl Hole cemetery, Bamburgh, Northumberland were nonlocally born, because of its royal status. Ninety-one male and female adult, and nonadult, skeletons were ...
Yassin Aa - - 2013
Hypogonadism is associated with increased fat mass and reduced muscle mass, which contributes to obesity and health risks, such as cardiovascular disease.Testosterone treatment of hypogonadal men improves muscle mass and reduces fat mass; however, many of these studies are of short duration.Thus, the long-term effects of testosterone on body anthropometry ...
Abe Takashi - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of severe sarcopenia detected by total skeletal muscle mass (SM) index and of site-specific thigh sarcopenia for differing age groups in men and women. Japanese nonobese men and women aged 20 to 85 (n = 1,994, 55 % women) had muscle thickness (MTH) ...
Goodman Michael J - - 2013
Skeletal muscle mass declines after the age of 50. Loss of skeletal muscle mass is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. This study aims to identify predictors of low skeletal muscle mass in older adults toward development of a practical clinical assessment tool for use by clinicians to identify patients ...
Buehring Bjoern - - 2013
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is widely used to evaluate body composition in athletes. Knowledge of measurement precision is essential for monitoring body composition changes over time. This study begins characterizing DXA body composition precision in 60 (30 males and 30 females) Division 1 athletes focusing on gender, regional, and tissue ...
Kiffner Christian - - 2013
The distribution of parasites among individual hosts is characterised by high variability that is believed to be a result of variations in host traits. To find general patterns of host traits affecting parasite abundance, we studied flea infestation of nine rodent species from three different biomes (temperate zone of central ...
Muraru Denisa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Recent European Association of Echocardiography and American Society of Echocardiography guidelines on three-dimensional echocardiography state that normal values of left ventricular (LV) parameters for age and body size remain to be established. METHODS: In 226 consecutive healthy subjects (125 women; age range, 18-76 years), comprehensive three-dimensional echocardiographic analyses of ...
Coin Alessandra - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify the mean values and percentiles for ASMM (appendicular skeletal muscle mass) and the prevalence of sarcopenia, in terms of muscle mass reduction, using different cutoffs in a European population. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis on the dataset from a multicenter study on apparently healthy Italian adults conducted between ...
Kerasnoudis Antonios - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound measurements of the cross sectional area (CSA) variability have been recently introduced to quantify pathological changes in peripheral nerves (PN). METHODS: Reference values from 75 healthy subjects and their correlation to age, height, weight and sex are reported. RESULTS: The mean values in PN were: (1) intranerve CSA-variability: ...
Andrew Michael E - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study examines cross-sectional associations of indices of adiposity, lean body mass, and physical activity, with heart rate variability (HRV), a marker for parasympathetic cardiac vagal control. METHODS: The study population consists of 360 officers from the Buffalo New York Police Department. Indices of adiposity include body mass index, ...
Valente-Dos-Santos João - - 2013
Peak oxygen uptake (V̇O2peak) is routinely expressed in litres per minute and by unit of body mass (mL·kg(-1)·min(-1)) despite the theoretical and statistical limitations of using ratios. Allometric modeling is an effective approach for partitioning body-size effects in a performance variable. The current study examined the relationships among chronological age ...
Carrascosa A - - 2013
Background: GH release after stimuli classifies short children as severe idiopathic isolated GH deficiency (IIGHD), mild IIGHD, dissociated GH release (DGHR) and normal GH release (NGHR) and anthropometric birth data as adequate for gestational age (AGA) or small for gestational age (SGA). GH release after stimuli classifies AGA patients as ...
Marwaha Raman K - - 2013
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) assessment of body fat mass is precise and highly correlated with under water weighing. In view of ethnic differences, we undertook this study to prepare normative data for body fat mass in apparently healthy adult Indians and correlate it with body mass index (BMI). This cross-sectional ...
Gordon Adam D - - 2013
Previous work in primates has shown that body size often covaries with ecological parameters related to resource or energy availability in the environment. This relationship may differ for males and females as access to resources has greater importance for reproductive success in females. We test the hypotheses that (1) female ...
Holm-Denoma Jill - - 2013
Little is known about the psychosocial circumstances under which children develop excessive body mass. A community sample was followed up from age 2-10 years to determine which early problems were predictive of increased body mass index. Hypothesized mediators (i.e. eating habits, physical activity, and "screen time") were also examined. After ...
Tanimoto Yoshimi - - 2013
AIM: The present study aimed to determine the association of sarcopenia, defined by muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance, with functional disability from a 2-year cohort study of community-dwelling elderly Japanese people. METHOD: Participants were 743 community-dwelling elderly Japanese people aged 65 years or older. We used bioelectrical impedance ...
Mohr Magni - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Mohr, M and Krustrup, P. Heat stress impairs repeated jump ability after competitive elite soccer games. J Strength Cond Res 27(3): 683-689, 2013-This study examined the effect of environmental heat stress on repeated jump performance after elite competitive soccer games. Male elite soccer players (n = 19) from 2 ...
Kim Kyung Sook - - 2013
The effects of scalp dermatitis (seborrheic dermatitis (SD), psoriasis, and atopic dermatitis (AD)) on chemical properties of hair keratin were investigated by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Hairs were collected from lesional regions affected by SD, psoriasis, and AD and non-lesional regions separately. The hairs with SD were taken from ...
Sen Jaydip - - 2013
Background: The composition of fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) are now considered to be important indicators of body composition. Aim: This cross-sectional study determines the body composition using FM and FFM among children. Subjects and methods: The study was conducted among 1248 children (619 boys; 629 girls) aged ...
Becker K K Paediatric Surgery Clinic Bonn, Prinz-Albert-Str. 26, 53113 Bonn, Germany. - - 2013
Lichen sclerosus (LS) is a sclerosing skin disease of presumably autoimmune origin affecting mainly the anogenital area. The aetiology is not completely understood. Comorbidity between genital LS and atopy in girls has been described but so far no controlled study has been performed. A prospective epidemiological case-control study was designed ...
Valente-Dos-Santos João - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To examine the contribution of chronological age (CA), skeletal age (SA), stature, sitting stature, fat-free mass (FFM), and fat mass (FM) to interindividual variability in left ventricular mass (LVM) in male adolescent roller hockey players using allometric models. DESIGN:: Cross sectional. SETTING:: Training and competitive sport during adolescence. PARTICIPANTS:: ...
Busso J M - - 2013
Photoperiod is the most important "noise-free" seasonal environmental cue for synchronizing physiological states (such as reproductive activity) in birds. However, in photoperiodic birds such as Japanese quail, the effect of photoperiod on adrenocortical activity remains unclear, particularly in males with differences in cloacal gland photoresponsiveness. At 8 wk of age, ...
Burton Tim T Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Graham Kerr Building, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK. - - 2013
We investigated whether among-sibling differences in the phenotypes of juvenile fish were systematically related to the position in the egg mass where each individual developed during oogenesis. We sampled eggs from the front, middle and rear thirds of the egg mass in female brown trout of known dominance rank. In ...
Prendergast Brian J BJ Department of Psychology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2013
Sex differences in ultradian activity rhythms (URs) and circadian rhythms (CRs) were assessed in Siberian hamsters kept in long day (LD) or short day (SD) photoperiods for 40 weeks. For both sexes URs of locomotor activity were more prevalent, greater in amplitude and more robust in SDs. The UR period ...
Pucic Bakovic Maja - - 2013
Age- and sex-dependence of subclass specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) Fc N-glycosylation was evaluated for 1709 individuals from two isolated human populations. IgGs were obtained from plasma by affinity purification using 96-well protein G monolithic plates and digested with trypsin. Fc N-glycopeptides were purified and analyzed by negative-mode MALDI-TOF-MS with 4-chloro-α-cyanocinnamic ...
Eyal Ori - - 2013
AIM: To determine whether non-classical 21-hydroxylase deficiency (NC21OHD) compromises adult height (AH), and to establish the clinical parameters affecting AH in subjects with NC21OHD. METHODS: A multicenter, retrospective review of medical records for clinical and biochemical parameters. The corrected height (CH) standard deviation score (SDS), defined as AH SDS minus ...
Michalsky Marc P - - 2013
Baseline cardiovascular characteristics and longitudinal changes following weight loss surgery (WLS) in adolescents are not well defined. Recent data suggest that the use of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for preoperative cardiac assessment may provide suboptimal imaging fidelity secondary to excessive upper body adiposity. High fidelity imaging using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) ...
Greve Júlia Maria D'Andréa - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the anthropometric factors of height, body mass, body mass index and postural balance and to compare the balance indices between genders in the upright standing position, in healthy adult subjects under conditions of instability. Forty individuals were subjected to ...
Vintzileos Anthony M - - 2013
: To estimate the degree of association between body mass index (BMI) and some of the most common adverse outcomes and conditions in obstetrics and gynecology, and to compare it with the traditional descriptors such as age, gravidity, parity, history of preterm births, history of abortions or miscarriages, and race ...
Kaplowitz Paul B - - 2013
Models assessing characteristics contributing to response to recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) response rarely address growth extremes in both years 1 and 2 or examine how children track from year to year. Using National Cooperative Growth Study (NCGS) data, we determined characteristics contributing to responsiveness to rhGH and the pattern ...
Roitberg Evgeny S - - 2013
The European common lizard, Zootoca vivipara, is the most widespread terrestrial reptile in the world. It occupies almost the entire Northern Eurasia and includes four viviparous and two oviparous lineages. We analysed how female snout-vent length (SVL), clutch size (CS), hatchling mass (HM), and relative clutch mass (RCM) is associated ...
Jintaridth Pornrutsami - - 2013
A decrease in genomic methylation commonly occurs in aging cells; however, whether this epigenetic modification leads to age-related phenotypes has not been evaluated. Alu elements are the major interspersed repetitive DNA elements in humans that lose DNA methylation in aging individuals. Alu demethylation in blood cells starts at approximately 40 ...
Ratcliffe Norman - - 2013
Intra-specific foraging niche partitioning can arise due to gender differences or individual specialisation in behaviour or prey selection. These may in turn be related to sexual size dimorphism or individual variation in body size through allometry. These variables are often inter-related and challenging to separate statistically. We present a case ...
Murakami Keisuke K Division of Reproductive Health, Clinical Science Research Laboratories, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom ; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2013
The mechanisms of obesity associated reproductive complications remain poorly understood. Endometrial mesenchymal stem-cells are critical for cyclic renewal and uterine function. Recently, W5C5(+) cells, with high clonogenicity, capable of producing endometrial stroma in vivo, have been described. We sought to investigate the abundance and cloning efficiency of W5C5(+) and W5C5(-) ...
Gültekin Levent L Atatürk University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection, 25240 Erzurum, - - 2013
A new species, Larinus berti sp. n. is described from Morocco and assigned to subgenus Cryphopus Petri, 1907 (Curculionidae: Lixinae; Lixini). Diagnostic characters of the new species are large size, elongate-ovate body, bisulcate sub-quadrangular rostrum, triangularly raised dorsum of rostrum, flat subgena and submentum, Y-shaped apodeme of sternite VIII of ...
Svobodová Tamara T Department of Pediatrics, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Motol, Charles University, 150 06 Prague, Czech - - 2013
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) leads to recurrent/chronic respiratory infections, resulting in chronic inflammation and potentially in chronic pulmonary disease with bronchiectasis. We analyzed longitudinal data on body length/height and body mass index (BMI) for 29 children and young adults with PCD aging 1.5-24 years (median, 14.5) who had been diagnosed ...
Raikkonen Katri K Institute of Behavioral Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2013
To examine whether the adverse effects of slow prenatal and postnatal growth on cognitive function persist to old age and predict age related cognitive decline. A longitudinal birth cohort study of men born in Helsinki, Finland 1934-44. Nine-hundred-thirty-one men of the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study, with detailed data on growth ...
Berraho M M M. Berraho, Department of Epidemiology, Clinical Research and Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Fez - Morocco. Univ. Bordeaux, ISPED, Centre INSERM U897-Epidemiologie-Biostatistique, F-33000 Bordeaux, - - 2013
To determine the association between dyspnea at entry into the PAQUID cohort and 13-year mortality, taking into consideration BMI and other mortality-related factors. Longitudinal study. In Dordogne and Gironde, South Western France. A total of 3646 French community dwellers aged 65 years old and over from the PAQUID study were ...
Binkowska-Bury Monika M Institute of Public Health, Medical Department, University of Rzeszów, Rzeszów, Poland Voivodeship Military Staff, Rzeszów, - - 2013
The aim of the study was to investigate secular trends in body mass index among the young military population. This involved a comparison of changes in the body mass index (BMI) and height among 19-year-old males from 11 successive birth cohorts. Samples of a total of 37,934 conscripts between 2000 ...
Wada Keiko - - 2012
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the associations of sex, age, body mass, sex steroid hormones, and lifestyle factors with the levels of melatonin in young children. METHODS: This study followed a cross-sectional design and was conducted two preschools in Japan. Subjects were 235 boys and 203 girls, aged 3-6 years. ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >