Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 1982
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Debárbora Valeria N VN Centro de Ecología Aplicada del Litoral (CECOAL-CONICET), Ruta 5 Km 2.5, Corrientes, - - 2014
Natural infestation of Amblyomma dubitatum in relation to individual specific attributes of Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris such as sex, body mass and body condition was analyzed. The anatomical distribution of A. dubitatum on H. hyrochaeris was also evaluated. Prevalence of adults and nymphs were significantly higher than prevalence of larvae. Non-significant differences ...
Acosta Andres A Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research (C.E.N.T.E.R.), Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Charlton 8-110, 200 First St. S.W., Rochester, MN, 55905, - - 2014
Melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) has a major role in energy homeostasis. The rs17782313 polymorphism, mapped 188 kb downstream from MC4R, has been associated with satiety, higher body mass index (BMI) and total calorie intake in adults. To assess the association of rs17782313 with gastric functions, satiation, or satiety, we studied 178 ...
Amidu N N Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University for Development Studies, Tamale, - - 2014
Sexual dysfunction (SD) is devastating to a man's ego and its presence could defeat his purpose of masculinity. A number of studies have explored and reported on existing comorbidities between SD and medical conditions for which urological problems are no exception. However, in Ghana there is paucity of data exploring ...
Moon Seong-Su SS Department of Internal Medicine, Dongguk University College of Medicine, Dongdae-ro 87, Gyeongju, Gyeongbuk Province, 780-350, South Korea, - - 2014
We investigated association of lean body mass with bone mass (BM) and bone mineral density (BMD) according to gender and menopausal status in the general Korean population. Participants included 4,299 males and 5,226 females who were 20 years of age or older from the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and ...
Valente-Dos-Santos João J Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Coimbra , Coimbra , Portugal - - 2014
Abstract Background: Normalizing left ventricular mass (LVM) for inter-individual variation in body size is a central issue in human biology. During the adolescent growth spurt, variability in body size descriptors needs to be interpreted in combination with biological maturation. Aim: To examine the contribution of biological maturation, stature, sitting height, ...
Hart Nicolas H NH Centre for Exercise and Sport Science Research, Edith Cowan University , Perth, Australia ; Fremantle Dockers Football Club , Perth, - - 2014
Differential loading patterns during game-based participation may produce or exacerbate strength imbalances between the lower limbs. It is currently unknown whether such imbalances are functionally beneficial or detrimental to performance. This study assessed the influence of lower limb strength and lean mass symmetry on kicking accuracy in Australian Football. Thirty-one ...
Sinha Rajan Kumar RK Department of Urology, CNMCH, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2014
A case of a simple ureterocele, containing multiple calculi within, prolapsing through the urethra and presenting as a vulval mass in a woman aged 35 years with urinary retention. Following confirmation of diagnosis by plain X-ray and sonography, the calculi were extracted by incising the ureterocele, which was reduced in ...
Barboutis Christos C Natural History Museum of Crete, University of Crete , Iraklion , - - 2014
Garden Warblers Sylvia borin were studied during autumn stopover in Crete before crossing the barrier of the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert. Birds followed with transmitters show extensive stopover periods, which were longer in first-year birds, 16 days, compared with adult birds, 14 days. The distribution of body masses ...
Santos Diana A DA Exercise and Health Laboratory, CIPER, Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Universidade de Lisboa, Cruz-Quebrada, - - 2014
Despite the importance of body composition in athletes, reference sex- and sport-specific body composition data are lacking. We aim to develop reference values for body composition and anthropometric measurements in athletes. Body weight and height were measured in 898 athletes (264 female, 634 male), anthropometric variables were assessed in 798 ...
Strugnell C C Robin M. Daly, Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Melbourne, Australia 3125, Ph: +61-3-9244 6040; Fax: +61-3-9244-6017, E-mail: - - 2014
Background: Bioelectrical impedance (BIA) represents a simple, inexpensive and non-invasive method that is often used to assess fat-mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) in large population-based cohorts. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the reference ranges and examine the influence of age and gender on FM, FFM ...
Pisciottano M V C MV Charlles Heldan de Moura Castro, MD, PhD. Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Disciplina de Reumatologia, Rua Botucatu, 740 - 3o andar - Vila Clementino, CEP: 04023-900, Phone: 55 11 5576-4239, São Paulo - SP - Brazil, E-mail: - - 2014
Background/Objectives: The association between muscle mass, strength and physical performance has been established in the elderly with co-morbidities. In this study, lean and fat mass, bone mineral density, knee extension and flexion strength and physical ability tests in healthy independent elderly women were investigated. Main determinants of lean mass, strength ...
Sheikh Saba S Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Cystic Fibrosis Center, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, PA , USA ; Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, PA , - - 2014
Lower body mass index (BMI) is associated with worse pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis (CF). lean body mass (LBM) is more strongly associated with pulmonary function than BMI is. Anthropometrics, body composition by dual x-ray absorptiometry, and pulmonary function were determined in pancreatic insufficient CF (PI-CF) youth. Sex and age-adjusted ...
Hillesheim Elaine E Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, - - 2013
This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the nutritional status and dietary intake of HIV-infected children and adolescents and the relationship between nutritional status and dietary intake and CD4(+) T-cell count and viral load. The sample was composed of 49 subjects aged 7-17 years and living in Florianópolis, Brazil. Nutritional status ...
Ghobadi Hamid H Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education & Sports Science, Kharazmi University, Tehran, - - 2013
Identifying the anthropometric measures of successful and less successful handball players may be helpful in developing a talent identification and development model, allowing for the determination of key physical capacities required for elite performance. The purpose of the study was to describe the anthropometric characteristics, including age, standing stature, body ...
Park Sung-Un SU Department of Population Medicine & Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, - - 2013
Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) delay sexual development when raised in short day (SD; 10 h light: 14 h dark) conditions, which leads to delayed onset of estrous cycles and ovulations as compared to females raised in long day (LD; 16 h light: 8 h dark) conditions. In addition to the absence of pre-ovulatory follicles ...
Mosca Luciana Nunes LN Department of Pediatrics, Adolescent Medicine Course, Graduate Program in Gynecology, Obstetrics, and Mastology, Botucatu School of Medicine, São Paulo State University, UNESP, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of excess body fat on bone mass in overweight, obese, and extremely obese adolescents. This study included 377 adolescents of both sexes, ages 10 to 19 y. Weight, height, body mass index (BMI), bone age, bone mineral content (BMC), and ...
Thankamony Ajay - - 2013
Anogenital distance (AGD) in animals is a sensitive biomarker of fetal endocrine disruption and the associated testicular dysgenesis syndrome (TDS). However, AGD in human infants with cryptorchidism and hypospadias, which are potential manifestations of TDS during childhood, is not clearly described. Our aim was to compare AGD in boys with ...
Kazemi Mohsen M Associate Professor, Faculty of Clinical Education, Research and Graduate Studies, Sports Sciences Residency program coordinator, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College, 6100 Leslie Street, Toronto, ON, M2H 3J1., Tel: 416-482-2340, - - 2013
Our study aims to identify trends in anthropomorphic attributes and competitive strategies of successful (medalists) versus non medalist young Olympic Taekwondo competitors by gender in terms of body mass, body-mass index (BMI) and fighting technique at the Youth Olympic Games 2010. Results were then compared to adult Taekwondo Olympic athletes ...
Stanula Arkadiusz - - 2013
This study characterizes the athletes participating in the 2010 Winter Olympic Games in terms of body height, body mass and BMI. The studied sample consisted of athletes in the top 20 places of each of 14 sports disciplines (1460 cases). Data on the athletes' age, height, body mass, and sports ...
Linder D - - 2013
Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that shares some features with psoriasis. Previous reports have demonstrated an association between hypertension and psoriasis. Chronic skin inflammation may plays a role in the aetiology of hypertension in both disorders. To evaluate the association between SD and hypertension in an ...
Tartaruga Marcus P - - 2013
To identify the effect of allometric scaling on the relationship between running efficiency (REff) and middle-distance running performance according to performance level. Thirteen recreational middle-distance runners (male, mean ± SD - age: 33.3 ± 8.4 years; body mass: 76.4 ± 8.6 kg; maximal oxygen uptake - VO2max 52.8 ± 4.6 ...
McNarry M A - - 2013
To assess the relationship between asthma, body mass index (BMI) and aerobic performance, as indicated by a shuttle test. 20,577 participants (10,413 boys) from the SportsLinx serial cross-sectional study participated. Parental reports of asthma status and home postcode data were gathered from consent forms. Stature, sitting stature and body mass ...
Buchheit M - - 2013
To examine the effects of body size on locomotor performance, 807 15-year-old French and 64 Qatari soccer players participated in the present study. They performed a 40-m sprint and an incremental running test to assess maximal sprinting (MSS) and aerobic speeds, respectively. French players were advanced in maturity, taller, heavier, ...
Smith S - - 2013
The burden of childhood thinness in the UK is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and year-on-year trends of childhood thinness in a population born between 1970 and 2006 in North East Scotland. Measurements were routinely collected by school nurses as part of school ...
Harambat Jérôme - - 2013
Growth and final height are of major concern in children with ESRD. This study sought to describe the distribution of adult height of patients who started renal replacement therapy (RRT) during childhood and to identify determinants of final height in a large cohort of RRT children. A total of 1612 ...
Charles Luenda E - - 2013
To investigate associations between shiftwork and glomerular filtration rate among white/Hispanic (n = 273) and African American (n = 81) police officers. Analysis of variance/analysis of variance was utilized to compare mean values of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) across shiftwork categories. Shiftwork was significantly associated with eGFR among white/Hispanic ...
Losnegard Thomas - - 2013
Sprint (≤ 1.8 km) and distance skiing (≥ 15 km) performance rely heavily on the aerobic capacity. However, in sprint skiing, due to the ~ 20% higher speed, anaerobic capacity may contribute significantly. This study aimed to identify the possible anthropometric and physiological differences between elite male sprint and distance ...
Mueller Juliane - - 2013
Differences in trunk strength capacity due to gender and sports are well documented in adults. In contrast, data concerning young athletes is sparse. The purpose of this study was to assess the maximum trunk strength of adolescent athletes and to investigate differences between genders and age groups.A total of 520 ...
Melo Xavier - - 2013
Early detection of impairment in vascular structure is an important clinical pursuit. However, it is unknown which measure of body composition best predicts vascular wall changes. We assess the differences in body composition among intima-media thickness (IMT) tertiles and determined which measures of body composition are associated with IMT in ...
Fuchs Helmut - - 2013
Dual-energy X-ray absorption (DEXA) is commonly used to measure bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC), and body composition data (fat mass and lean mass) for phenotype assessment in mice. We were interested in the long-term development of BMD, BMC, lean mass, and fat mass of mice, also taking ...
Rodriguez-Tolrà Josep - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We evaluated the safety of testosterone treatment and its efficacy on body composition in males with testosterone deficiency syndrome (TDS) over 24 months. Methods: 50 males aged 50-65 years with TDS (Aging Males Symptoms Scale [AMS] > 26 and calculated free testosterone [cFT] 250 pmol/l) were administered 50 mg testosterone gel daily ...
Girard Danielle - - 2013
Indices of body composition and muscular strength were compared between men with prostate cancer (PCa) treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and asymptomatic matched men. Nine subjects aged 63-83 years with PCa who received ADT (PCa+ADT; duration 6-180 months) and 11 asymptomatic aged-matched eugonadal men (HM) aged 59-80 years were assessed for prostate-specific ...
Bezerra Natalia P A - - 2013
The reproduction of Blackfin tuna Thunnus atlanticus has been described for coastal regions, and for a long time, this species was considered to be a strictly continental spawner. Recently, this species was observed around a seamount habitat 500 nautical miles Northeast of Brazil, located between South America and Africa. In ...
Rumpf Michael Clemens - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10% body mass load on resisted sled towing 30 meter sprint times in male youth athletes of different maturity status. A total of 35 athletes (19 pre-peak-height-velocity (PHV) and 16 mid-/post-PHV) sprinted three times in ...
Meylan C Marius Philippe - - 2013
Adjustment for body mass and maturation of strength, power and velocity measures of young athletes is important for talent development. Seventy-four youth male athletes performed a ballistic leg press test at five loads relative to body mass. The data were analyzed in maturity groups based on years from peak height ...
Mohr Magni - - 2013
Abstract The study examined Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 2 (YYIR2) and submaximal YYIR1 test performances in 172 male semi-professional football players (age; 25.8 ± 4.1 years) representing all teams in a top league at pre-season, start-season, mid-season and end-season. YYIR2 performance was 847 ± 227 m (±SD) at pre-season and rose (P < 0.05) by 128 ± 113 m to ...
Shinozaki Keiko K Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamaguchi University, - - 2014
The effect of the fat-mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene minor allele on the change of adiposity from childhood to adolescence among Asians remains unclear, and is expected to differ among the developmental stages from childhood to adolescence. We assessed the relationship between a FTO variant and changes in body mass ...
Canan Fatih - - 2013
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate Internet use patterns and Internet addiction among adolescents and to examine the correlation between Internet addiction and eating attitudes and body mass index (BMI). The study was conducted among 1,938 students, aged between 14 and 18 years. The Internet Addiction Test ...
Telford R D - - 2013
The index of body mass related to stature, (body mass index, BMI, kgm(-2) ), is widely used as a proxy for percent body fat (%BF) in cross-sectional and longitudinal investigations. BMI does not distinguish between lean and fat mass and in children, the cross-sectional relationship between %BF and BMI changes ...
Till Kevin - - 2013
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the anthropometric and physical characteristics of English academy rugby league players by annual-age category (Under 16s - Under 20s) and between backs and forwards. Data was collected on 133 academy players over a 6 year period (resulting in a total of ...
Cheng Hoi Lun - - 2013
To comprehensively describe anthropometric characteristics of Australian junior elite rugby league players and assess potential anthropometric dissimilarities between players of varying positional groups, ethnicity (Polynesian vs. non-Polynesian) and playing level (junior vs. professional; using published data from Australian professional players). Cross-sectional study. Height, body mass, eight skinfolds, five girths and ...
Marina M - - 2013
Aim: The aim of this study was to establish a more precise jumping performance profile of elite gymnasts than that published in previous studies. Methods: Seventy-six elite male and female competitive gymnasts and 91 moderately active subjects volunteered for the study. The jumping tests performed on a contact mat were: ...
Douhard Mathieu - - 2013
There is increasing evidence that environmental conditions experienced early in life can markedly affect an organism's life history, but the pathways by which early environment influences adult phenotype are poorly known. We used long-term data from two roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) populations (Chizé and Trois-Fontaines, France) to investigate the direct ...
Sims Stacy T ST Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5411, USA. - - 2013
Higher physical activity (PA) has been associated with greater attenuation of body fat gain and preservation of lean mass across the lifespan. These analyses aimed to determine relationships of change in PA to changes in fat and lean body mass in a longitudinal prospective study of postmenopausal women. Among 11,491 ...
Gough Aisling - - 2013
More infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) now survive to adulthood but little is known regarding persisting respiratory impairment. We report respiratory symptoms, lung function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adult BPD survivors compared with preterm (non-BPD) and full term (FT) controls.Respiratory symptoms (European Community Respiratory Health Survey) and ...
Mueller Noel T NT Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2013
There is biological crosstalk between insulin signaling and bone remodeling pathways, and wrist circumference and bone area were recently found to associate with insulin resistance independent of body mass index (BMI) in overweight/obese children. We aimed to expand on this work by using more specific measures of adiposity for adjustment ...
Plachta-Danielzik S - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Adiposity rebound (AR) is defined as the nadir or the inflexion point of body mass index (BMI) percentiles between the age of 3 and 7 years. An early rebound is seen as a risk of obesity and, thus, AR is considered as a suitable time period for prevention. As BMI ...
Duncan Michael J - - 2013
This study sought to compare the utility of either inverted body mass index or body mass index to optimise the relationship with body esteem in young adolescents Design: The study was cross sectional in design and assessed body esteem and weight status in756 young adolescents (394 boys, 362 girls, mean ...
Rossoni de Oliveira Vanessa - - 2013
Background: Studies seeking to establish an association between migraine and anthropometric parameters have thus far been inconclusive. Furthermore, drugs used for migraine prophylaxis may be associated with changes in body weight. Objective: To investigate the potential association of anthropometric parameters and body fat percentage with attack patterns and use of ...
Islam M S - - 2013
This prospective, cross-sectional population based survey was carried out in the Respiratory wing, Department of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh to see the prevalence and risk factors of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among Dhaka City Population in Bangladesh. The total sample size was 900 at the ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >