Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1977
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Rice Kevin M - - 2008
Aging is now recognized as one of major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is well documented that elderly populations show increased incidence of CVD symptomology but whether these changes are directly related to aging is not well understood since the possibility exists that other age-associated pathologies in different ...
Gordon Christopher J - - 2008
The cardiovascular and thermoregulatory systems are considered to be susceptible in the aged population, but little is known about baseline cardiac and thermoregulatory homeostasis in rodent models of aging. Radiotransmitters were implanted in male, Brown Norway rats obtained at 4, 12, and 24 months to monitor the electrocardiogram (ECG), interbeat ...
Chen Zhen - - 2008
Epidemiologic studies have revealed that pollution by ambient particulates is associated with respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, particularly in older people. Toxicologic sensitivity of nanoparticles in different ages was investigated for the first time to demonstrate and explain an age-related difference in response to manufactured nanoparticles. Young, adult, and old rats ...
Fontana Paula Andrea - - 2009
Aging is a process associated with both anatomical changes and loss of expression of some cell markers. Intermediate filaments are known to impart mechanical stability to cells and tissues. Some of them are present in different cell populations of the central nervous system. In order to explore the impact of ...
Ajith T A - - 2009
Dysfunction of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, being direct intracellular source of reactive oxygen species (ROS), is important in the pathogenesis of number of ageing associated human disorders. Effect of ethanol extract of Ganoderma lucidum on the activities of mitochondrial dehydrogenases; complex I and II of electron transport chain have been ...
Campuzano O - - 2008
Microglial and inflammatory responses to acute damage in aging are still poorly understood, although the aged brain responds differently to injury, showing poor lesion outcome. In this study, excitotoxicity was induced by intrastriatal injection of N-methyl-D-aspartate in adult (3-4 months) and aged (22-24 months) rats. Cryostat brain sections were processed ...
Liu Ping - - 2008
We investigated regional variations and the effects of aging on the expression of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole (AMPA) receptor subunits in several memory-associated structures using Western blotting. In young adult rats, NR1, NR2A, and GluR2 levels varied between the hippocampus and parahippocampal region and between the subregions of the ...
Heinen Andre - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The noble gas helium induces cardiac preconditioning. Whether activation of mitochondrial K(+) channels is involved in helium preconditioning (He-PC) is unknown. The authors investigated whether He-PC (1) is mediated by activation of Ca(2+) -sensitive potassium channels, (2) results in mitochondrial uncoupling, and (3) is age dependent. METHODS: Anesthetized Wistar ...
Darmopil Sanja - - 2009
The hippocampus of aged rats shows marked age-related morphological changes that could cause memory deficits. Experimental evidence has established that environmental enrichment attenuates memory deficits in aged rats. We therefore studied whether environmental enrichment produces morphological changes on the dentate granule cells of aged rats. Fifteen male Sprague-Dawley rats, 24 ...
Li Zhen - - 2009
Recent evidence suggests that older adults may be a sensitive population with regard to environmental exposure to toxic compounds. One source of this sensitivity could be an enhanced variability in response. Studies on phenotypic differences have suggested that variation in response does increase with age. However, few reports address the ...
Lozza Facundo A - - 2009
Aging is a process where histochemical changes occur. Some of these may consist of age-dependent loss of expression of some cell markers. Conversely, cell markers not expressed in young animals may be detectable in their older counterparts. Histochemical age changes in carbohydrate profiles in the spinal cord have not been ...
Percy C J - - 2009
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in ageing is a burden on health systems worldwide. Rat models of age-related CKD linked with obesity and hypertension were used to investigate alterations in oxidant handling and energy metabolism to identify gene targets or markers for age-related CKD. Young adult (3 months) and old (21-24 ...
Mitov Mihail I - - 2009
The mechanical properties of triton-permeabilized ventricular preparations isolated from 4, 18 and 24-month-old F344 rats were analyzed to provide information about the molecular mechanisms that lead to age-related increases in diastolic myocardial stiffness in these animals. Passive stiffness (measured in solutions with minimal free Ca(2+)) did not change with age. ...
Novotny Jennifer L - - 2009
The effects of estrogen deficiency on the loss of cardioprotection with advancing age are complex and poorly understood. A major focus of the current study was to uncover a cardioprotective role for rapid, nongenomic estrogen receptor (ER) signaling in the aged female myocardium. We hypothesized that selective ERalpha activation in ...
Farrell Spring R - - 2008
This study determined whether reduced sensitivity to catecholamines in aged myocytes resulted from deficits in the beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) signaling pathway. Contractions and intracellular Ca(2+) were measured simultaneously in field-stimulated (2Hz, 37 degrees C, fura-2) ventricular myocytes isolated from young adult ( approximately 3 months) and aged ( approximately 24 ...
Donoso Verónica - - 2008
Aging results in a general decline in the response to external insults, including acute inflammatory challenges. In young animals, the inflammatory response requires activation of the sympathetic system, including neurotransmitters such as ATP, and catecholamines (epinephrine and norepinephrine). To test whether aging affects activation of this axis, and whether this ...
Burianova Jana - - 2009
Changes in the levels of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) are known to occur in different parts of the brain during aging. In our study we attempted to define the effect that aging has on glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), the key enzyme in the synthesis of GABA, in the central parts of the ...
Fong Angelina Y - - 2008
We examined the effect of age, mass and the presence of the pons on the longevity (length of time spontaneous respiratory-related activity is produced) of brainstem-spinal cord preparations of neonatal rodents (rats and hamsters) and the level of oxygenation in the medulla respiratory network in these preparations. We found the ...
Wasserman Jason K - - 2008
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) usually affects older humans but almost no experimental studies have assessed aged animals. We address how aging alters inflammation, neuron death and lesion resolution after a hemorrhage in the rat striatum. In the normal aged brain, microglia displayed a 'dystrophic' phenotype, with shorter cellular processes and large ...
Di Nardo Francesco - - 2009
The evolution with ageing of insulin resistance, body weight (BW) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) was studied in a group of Zucker fatty rats (ZFRs, n = 22), between 7 and 16 weeks of age, compared with an age-matched control group of Zucker lean rats (ZLRs, n = 22). The ...
Capece B P S - - 2009
The kinetics of albendazole metabolites and albendazole sulphoxide enantiomers were studied in 2- and 14-month-old female and male goats, after a single oral dose administration (10mg/kg) of an albendazole formulation. Blood samples from the jugular vein were collected at 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20, 24, ...
Serebryakova I Yu - - 2008
The aim of the present work was to obtain a quantitative evaluation of post-traumatic regeneration of nerve cells in the superior cervical ganglion (SCG) by measuring the ratio of the number of neurons (N) in the ganglion to the number of preganglionic myelinated fibers (F) in the cervical sympathetic trunk ...
O'Brien William D WD - - 2009
Age-dependent threshold and superthreshold behaviors of ultrasound-induced lung hemorrhage were investigated with one hundred ten 12.6 +/- 0.8-d-old rats, one hundred ten 22.9 +/- 0.8-d-old rats, and one hundred 57.7 +/- 3.9-d-old rats. Exposure conditions were: 2.8 MHz, 10-s exposure duration, 1-kHz pulse repetition frequency and 1.3-mus pulse duration. The ...
Hwang In Koo - - 2008
Astrocytes perform neuron-supportive tasks, repair and scarring process in the central nervous system. In this study, we observed glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), a marker for astrocytes, immunoreactivity in the dentate gyrus and hippocampus proper (CA1-3 region) of adult (2-3 years of age) and aged (10-12 years of age) dogs. ...
Gao Z Q - - 2008
Evidence suggests that ageing is a major risk factor for cardiac dysfunction. Interactions between advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) and the receptor for AGEs (RAGE) are known to cause chronic cellular activation, including activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), which has been implicated as a causal factor in the ageing process. To ...
Li Dongpei - - 2008
Age-related and aged memory deficit changes in Nestin-immunoreactive (Nestin-IR) neurons were studied following recent evidence of distinct Nestin-IR neurons within adult rat basal forebrain. Morris water maze task assessed spatial learning capacity of 3- and 24-month rats (aged-impaired and aged-unimpaired groups). Nestin-IR neuron distributional and morphological features were investigated by ...
Glenn Melissa J - - 2008
Supplemental choline in the maternal diet produces a lasting enhancement in memory in offspring that resists age-related decline and is accompanied by neuroanatomical, neurophysiological and neurochemical changes in the hippocampus. The present study was designed to examine: 1) if prenatal choline supplementation alters behaviors that contribute to risk or resilience ...
Ali B H - - 2008
A multi-age rat model was evaluated to identify a potential age-related difference in kidney injury following administration of cisplatin (CP). Different age groups of Wistar rats (aged 3, 7, 11 and 24 weeks) were given CP intraperitoneally (6 mg/kg) and sacrificed 6 days thereafter. CP-induced nephrotoxicity caused significant decreases in ...
Jacobson Laura - - 2008
We describe neuronal density, neuroplasticity and vascular remodelling and their association with spatial memory in young (4-6 months), middle-aged (9-11 months) and aged (18-20 months) rats of both genders. The neuronal density was reduced in the hippocampus of middle-aged and aged rats, particularly in male rats. However the loss of ...
Topic Bianca - - 2008
In the search for animal models of human geriatric depression, we found that operant extinction of escape from water results in the expression of immobility in different age groups, indicative of behavioral "despair", which was also associated with the resistance-to-extinction (RTE) expressed by these animals. With respect to the neurotrophin ...
Boric Katica - - 2008
Age-dependent alterations in the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) are well documented, providing a likely neural basis for memory decline associated with aging. Studies of neural plasticity are also important to understand the neural basis of individual differences in aging, ranging from significant cognitive impairment to preservation of function on ...
Simon Nicholas W NW Department of Psychology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-4235, - - 2010
The ability to make advantageous choices among outcomes that differ in magnitude, probability, and delay until their arrival is critical for optimal survival and well-being across the lifespan. Aged individuals are often characterized as less impulsive in their choices than their young adult counterparts, demonstrating an increased ability to forgo ...
Sametsky Evgeny A - - 2010
Synaptic dysfunction is thought to contribute to age-related learning impairments. Detailed information regarding the presence of silent synapses and the strength of functional ones through advanced aging, however, is lacking. Here we used paired-pulse minimal stimulation techniques in CA1 stratum radiatum to determine whether the amplitude of spontaneous and evoked ...
ANNONI, GIORGIO (6895)
Since there is still debate about the ability of the aged liver to regenerate, we compared some aspects of this response in young, adult and old rodents. 2, 6, 12 and 19-month-old rats were intraperitoneally injected with CCl4 (3 mg/kg) or left untreated (CT) and killed either 2 h (group ...
ANNONI, GIORGIO (6895)
Background/Aims: Morphofunctional studies suggest that the liver, compared with other organs, ages fairly well. Its success is ascribable to its lasting ability to regenerate, even if the potential of the cells to replicate progressively declines with age. The aim of this study was to analyze some aspects of the early ...
Siegenthaler Monica M - - 2008
Most spinal cord injuries (SCI) occur in young adults. In the past few decades however, the average age at time of SCI and the percentage of injuries in persons over the age of 60 have increased. Studies have shown that there is an age-associated delay in the rate of remyelination ...
Umegaki Hiroyuki - - 2008
Motor function declines with increasing adult age. Proper regulation of the balance between dopamine (DA) and acetylcholine (ACh) in the striatum has been shown to be fundamentally important for motor control. Although other factors can also contribute to this age-associated decline, a decrease in the concentration and binding potential of ...
Lam Ying Wai - - 2008
Incidence of prostatic diseases increases dramatically with age which may be related to a decline in androgen support. However, the key mechanisms underlying prostate aging remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated the aging process in the ventral prostate (VP) of Noble rats by identifying differentially expressed prostate proteins ...
Mansour Hussein - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate changes in astrocyte density, morphology, proliferation and apoptosis occurring in the central nervous system during physiological aging. Astrocytes in retinal whole-mount preparations from Wistar rats aged 3 (young adult) to 25 months (aged) were investigated qualitatively and quantitatively following immunofluorohistochemistry. Glial fibrillary ...
Wang Yong - - 2008
Neuronal activity underlying the pulsatile secretion of GnRH remains poorly understood, as does the endogenous generation of such activity. It is clear that changes at the level of the hypothalamus are taking place during reproductive aging, yet virtually nothing is known about GnRH neuronal physiology in aging and postreproductive animals. ...
Cowen Daniel S - - 2008
There has been ongoing controversy as to whether selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) exhibit the same antidepressant efficacy and risk profile within different age groups. Although the etiology of such potential differences is currently not clear, age-dependent differences in the rate of hippocampal neurogenesis offer one possibility. In the current ...
Fu Y - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pentobarbital and ketamine are commonly used in animal experiments, including studies on the effects of ageing on the central nervous system. The electroencephalogram is a sensitive measure of brain activity. The present study investigated, under anaesthesia induced by the two drugs, whether cortical electroencephalogram in aged rats ...
Liu P - - 2008
Polyamines putrescine, spermidine and spermine are positively charged aliphatic amines and have important roles in maintaining normal cellular function, regulating neurotransmitter receptors and modulating learning and memory. Recent evidence suggests a role of putrescine in hippocampal neurogenesis, that is significantly impaired during aging. The present study measured the polyamine levels ...
Martinez Gagliardo Karina - - 2008
The practice of regular exercise is indicated to prevent some motility disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract, such as constipation, during aging. The motility alterations are intimately linked with its innervations. The goal of this study is to determine whether a program of exercise (running on the treadmill), during 6 months, ...
Baylis Chris - - 2008
GFR falls with aging in humans and rats due to renal vasoconstriction and structural damage. The rate of deterioration is influenced by race/genetic background, environment, and sex, with females protected. Part of the female advantage relates to protective effects of estrogens. There is little information on impact of aging on ...
Caspary Donald M - - 2008
Aging and acoustic trauma may result in partial peripheral deafferentation in the central auditory pathway of the mammalian brain. In accord with homeostatic plasticity, loss of sensory input results in a change in pre- and postsynaptic GABAergic and glycinergic inhibitory neurotransmission. As seen in development, age-related changes may be activity ...
Maric Christine - - 2008
The incidence of chronic renal disease in women increases with aging, especially after menopause, suggesting that loss of sex hormones may contribute to the development and progression of renal disease. However, the mechanisms by which sex hormones, particularly estrogens, contribute to the disease process are unclear. The present study examined ...
Ren Yijin - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Age effects on orthodontically induced periodontal vascular reactions have not been studied. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that prolonged tooth movement induces age-related increases in periodontal vascularity. METHODS: A standardized orthodontic appliance was placed in 2 groups of 30 rats aged 6 weeks ...
Kodama Yuka - - 2008
We investigated developmental changes in myelin formation in the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus, and behavioral effects of early weaning in Wistar rats. Early-weaned rats showed decreased numbers of open-arm entries in an elevated plus-maze in both sexes at 4 weeks old; this effect persisted in males, but ceased in ...
Ihedioha, J I; ;
This study determined the haematological profiles of Sprague-Dawley (SD) outbred albino rats of both sexes and diferent age sets bred and maintained at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Laboratory Animal Unit, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. Erythrocyte counts (EC), packed cell volume (PCV), haemoglobin concentraton (Hb), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), ...
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