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Results 451 - 500 of 1943
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ANNONI, GIORGIO (6895)
Since there is still debate about the ability of the aged liver to regenerate, we compared some aspects of this response in young, adult and old rodents. 2, 6, 12 and 19-month-old rats were intraperitoneally injected with CCl4 (3 mg/kg) or left untreated (CT) and killed either 2 h (group ...
ANNONI, GIORGIO (6895)
Background/Aims: Morphofunctional studies suggest that the liver, compared with other organs, ages fairly well. Its success is ascribable to its lasting ability to regenerate, even if the potential of the cells to replicate progressively declines with age. The aim of this study was to analyze some aspects of the early ...
Siegenthaler Monica M - - 2008
Most spinal cord injuries (SCI) occur in young adults. In the past few decades however, the average age at time of SCI and the percentage of injuries in persons over the age of 60 have increased. Studies have shown that there is an age-associated delay in the rate of remyelination ...
Umegaki Hiroyuki - - 2008
Motor function declines with increasing adult age. Proper regulation of the balance between dopamine (DA) and acetylcholine (ACh) in the striatum has been shown to be fundamentally important for motor control. Although other factors can also contribute to this age-associated decline, a decrease in the concentration and binding potential of ...
Lam Ying Wai - - 2008
Incidence of prostatic diseases increases dramatically with age which may be related to a decline in androgen support. However, the key mechanisms underlying prostate aging remain unclear. In the present study, we investigated the aging process in the ventral prostate (VP) of Noble rats by identifying differentially expressed prostate proteins ...
Mansour Hussein - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate changes in astrocyte density, morphology, proliferation and apoptosis occurring in the central nervous system during physiological aging. Astrocytes in retinal whole-mount preparations from Wistar rats aged 3 (young adult) to 25 months (aged) were investigated qualitatively and quantitatively following immunofluorohistochemistry. Glial fibrillary ...
Wang Yong - - 2008
Neuronal activity underlying the pulsatile secretion of GnRH remains poorly understood, as does the endogenous generation of such activity. It is clear that changes at the level of the hypothalamus are taking place during reproductive aging, yet virtually nothing is known about GnRH neuronal physiology in aging and postreproductive animals. ...
Cowen Daniel S - - 2008
There has been ongoing controversy as to whether selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) exhibit the same antidepressant efficacy and risk profile within different age groups. Although the etiology of such potential differences is currently not clear, age-dependent differences in the rate of hippocampal neurogenesis offer one possibility. In the current ...
Fu Y - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pentobarbital and ketamine are commonly used in animal experiments, including studies on the effects of ageing on the central nervous system. The electroencephalogram is a sensitive measure of brain activity. The present study investigated, under anaesthesia induced by the two drugs, whether cortical electroencephalogram in aged rats ...
Liu P - - 2008
Polyamines putrescine, spermidine and spermine are positively charged aliphatic amines and have important roles in maintaining normal cellular function, regulating neurotransmitter receptors and modulating learning and memory. Recent evidence suggests a role of putrescine in hippocampal neurogenesis, that is significantly impaired during aging. The present study measured the polyamine levels ...
Martinez Gagliardo Karina - - 2008
The practice of regular exercise is indicated to prevent some motility disturbances in the gastrointestinal tract, such as constipation, during aging. The motility alterations are intimately linked with its innervations. The goal of this study is to determine whether a program of exercise (running on the treadmill), during 6 months, ...
Baylis Chris - - 2008
GFR falls with aging in humans and rats due to renal vasoconstriction and structural damage. The rate of deterioration is influenced by race/genetic background, environment, and sex, with females protected. Part of the female advantage relates to protective effects of estrogens. There is little information on impact of aging on ...
Caspary Donald M - - 2008
Aging and acoustic trauma may result in partial peripheral deafferentation in the central auditory pathway of the mammalian brain. In accord with homeostatic plasticity, loss of sensory input results in a change in pre- and postsynaptic GABAergic and glycinergic inhibitory neurotransmission. As seen in development, age-related changes may be activity ...
Maric Christine - - 2008
The incidence of chronic renal disease in women increases with aging, especially after menopause, suggesting that loss of sex hormones may contribute to the development and progression of renal disease. However, the mechanisms by which sex hormones, particularly estrogens, contribute to the disease process are unclear. The present study examined ...
Ren Yijin - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Age effects on orthodontically induced periodontal vascular reactions have not been studied. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that prolonged tooth movement induces age-related increases in periodontal vascularity. METHODS: A standardized orthodontic appliance was placed in 2 groups of 30 rats aged 6 weeks ...
Kodama Yuka - - 2008
We investigated developmental changes in myelin formation in the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus, and behavioral effects of early weaning in Wistar rats. Early-weaned rats showed decreased numbers of open-arm entries in an elevated plus-maze in both sexes at 4 weeks old; this effect persisted in males, but ceased in ...
Ihedioha, J I; ;
This study determined the haematological profiles of Sprague-Dawley (SD) outbred albino rats of both sexes and diferent age sets bred and maintained at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Laboratory Animal Unit, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. Erythrocyte counts (EC), packed cell volume (PCV), haemoglobin concentraton (Hb), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), ...
Krause Michael - - 2008
Glutamatergic transmission at central synapses undergoes activity-dependent and developmental changes. In the hippocampal dentate gyrus, the non-N-methyl d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor component of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) increases with age in Fischer-344 rats. This effect may not depend on the animal's activity or experience but could be part of the ...
De Britto Mari R - - 2008
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of regular physical activity on the morphology of the myenteric plexus of the duodenum in rats during the ageing process. To this end, 45 Wistar rats were divided into three groups: C (sedentary - 6 months old), S (sedentary - 12 months old) ...
Gant John C - - 2009
At hippocampal synapses, repetitive synaptic stimulation (RSS) in the theta frequency range (3-12Hz) is associated with robust EPSP frequency facilitation (FF) and consequently, enhanced action potential (spike) generation and throughput. A complex, synaptically induced hyperpolarization (SIHP) is also triggered by synaptic activation, and a Ca(2+)-dependent afterhyperpolarization (AHP) is triggered above ...
Nishijima Kazutoshi - - 2009
With the aim of clarifying the aging properties of an animal model, the progress of occlusal tooth wear (OTW) of molars in male F344/N rats was monitored. Dried maxilla and mandible specimens from 61 male F344/N rats, aged 7 to >30 months, were used. The levels of OTW of all ...
Xiao Nong - - 2008
Study the effect of ephedrine on neural plasticity of hypoxic ischemic brain damaged (HIBD) in neonatal rats, and explore the underlying molecular mechanism. 60 Sprats suffered from HIBD (7 days old) were randomly divided into ephedrine group, D-amphetamine (D-AMPH) group, cytidine triphosphate (CTP) group, ganglioside (GM1) group, and spontaneous recovery ...
Tecchio F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The increase of elderly population prompted growing research for the understanding of cerebral phenomena sustaining learning abilities, with inclusion of long-term potentiation (LTP)-like plasticity phenomena. Aim of the present study was to characterize LTP-like plasticity dependence on age and gender. METHODS: A LTP-like primary motor cortex plasticity inducing a ...
Berezan Dellice J - - 2008
Aging is associated with peripheral vascular dysfunction. In vascular smooth muscle, cytochrome P450 4A (CYP4A) enzymes form the vasoconstrictor 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE). 20-HETE acts as an intracellular messenger to modulate vasoconstriction induced by various agonists, including the alpha1-adrenergic agonist phenylephrine (PE) and endothelin-1 (ET-1). Eicosanoids produced by CYP4A contribute to ...
Adams Michelle M - - 2008
Caloric restriction (CR) is a daily reduction of total caloric intake without a decrease in micronutrients or disproportionate reduction of any one dietary component. CR can increase lifespan reliably in a wide range of species and appears to counteract some aspects of the aging process throughout the body. The effects ...
Tanaka Takehiko - - 2008
Age-related inhibition of salivary secretion has been demonstrated in rats, and the nitric oxide (NO) present in the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and the medial septal area has been reported to play an inhibitory role in the regulation of salivary secretion. In the present study, we investigated the age-related changes occurring ...
Burger Corinna - - 2008
We have previously described the transcriptional changes that occur in the hippocampal CA1 field of aged rats following a Morris Water Maze (MWM) training paradigm. In this report we proceed with the analysis of the dentate region from the same animals. Animals were first identified as age learning-impaired or age-superior ...
Costa Carla - - 2008
Introduction. Erectile dysfunction is a common problem in aged men; however, which vascular cavernosal alterations occur with age progression remain unclarified. Aim. Using cavernosal tissue from rats of various ages, we aimed to thoroughly assess erectile vascular-associated morphologic, immunohistological, and morphometric alterations during aging. Methods. Male Wistar rats were divided ...
Reenan Robert A - - 2008
General locomotor activity decreases with normal aging in animals and could be partially explained by decreases in neuronal function. Voltage-gated Na(+) channels are essential in initiating and propagating rapid electrical impulses underlying normal locomotor activity and behavior in animals. Isolation of mutations conferring temperature-sensitive (ts) paralysis has been an extremely ...
Ingraham Jeremy P - - 2008
The effect of aging on microvascular density and plasticity in the rodent hippocampus, a brain region critically important for learning and memory, was investigated in F344xBN rats. Capillary density and angiogenesis were measured in three regions of the hippocampus in young and old rats and in old rats administered growth ...
David-Jürgens Marianne - - 2008
Getting older is associated with a decline of cognitive and sensorimotor abilities, but it remains elusive whether age-related changes are due to accumulating degenerational processes, rendering them largely irreversible, or whether they reflect plastic, adaptational and presumably compensatory changes. Using aged rats as a model we studied how aging affects ...
Bimonte-Nelson Heather A - - 2008
The current study assessed neurotrophin protein levels in male and female rat brain tissues at four different ages ranging from postpuberty to senescence. In both sexes nerve growth factor (NGF) increased, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) decreased, from 4 to 24 months of age. Using a slightly older age for ...
Torres E M EM Department of Biosciences, Cardiff University, Cardif, UK. - - 2008
In rat models of Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases, embryonic neural cells obtained from embryos of specified ages can be implanted into the brain to partially restore both physiology and function. However, in litters produced using overnight mating protocols (often from commercial suppliers), the embryonic age can be difficult to determine ...
Caetano Leony Cristina - - 2008
The protective role of cyclophosphamide was studied in this work. Young male Calomys callosus were infected with Trypanosoma cruzi and allowed to age. Cyclophosphamide therapy was administered to animals during acute and late chronic phases of infection. Esophageal neurons were counted, displaying enhanced neuronal loss for the young and treated ...
Majdi Maryam - - 2007
Recent studies suggest that age-related cognitive decline is correlated with an excitatory-inhibitory imbalance in synaptic discharges on pyramidal neurons. This study focuses on whether ageing and cognitive status correlates with relative numbers of excitatory and inhibitory presynaptic boutons. We investigated the density of excitatory and inhibitory presynaptic inputs across several ...
Hsieh Yueh-Ling - - 2008
This study was to investigate the behavioral specificities of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and compare them with Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) controls using a 1-year longitudinal study of locomotor activity. Rat locomotor activity was examined every week at 4-12 weeks of age and every month at 4-12 months of age using an ...
Łochyński Dawid - - 2008
The influence of ageing on the regulation of force through the firing rate (force-frequency relationship) and motor unit contractile output were investigated in three types of motor unit (MU): FF, FR and S, in the medial gastrocnemius muscle. A control group of young (5-10 months) Wistar rats was compared to ...
Monasky Michelle M - - 2008
It is known that gender can affect susceptibility to development of various cardiomyopathies. However, it is unclear whether basic mechanical contractile function of the myocardium differs between genders, whether they respond differently to stressors, or both. To test for a possible gender factor, contractile parameters of healthy, isolated myocardium were ...
Oda S - - 2008
The safety of l-alanyl-l-glutamine (l-AG) derived by fermentation using a recombinant Escherichia coli strain containing the l-amino acid alpha-ligase gene from Bacillus subtilis, was assessed in acute and subchronic toxicity studies in the rat. l-AG was tested in vitro in a bacterial reverse mutation assay and in a chromosome aberration ...
Choi Jung Hoon - - 2008
Corticosteroids are important factors in the maintenance of homeostasis in the brain. They are regulated via the interaction with two corticosteroid receptor systems-the mineralocorticoid (MR) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR). In the present study, we observed age-related changes in serum cortisol levels, and immunoreactivities and protein levels of MR and GR ...
Snow LeAnn M - - 2007
One mechanism that may influence the quality of skeletal muscle proteins, and explain the age-related decline in contractility, is protein damage. Advanced glycation end-products (AGE) in vivo are useful biomarkers of damage. In this study, comparison of extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles from young (8 months), old (33 months), and ...
Cruz-Muros Ignacio - - 2009
Several studies report that the striatal dopamine (DA) uptake declines with age, but the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. The use of molecular, biochemical and morphological techniques, and antibodies which detect the glycosylated (80 kDa) and non-glycosylated (50 kDa) DA transporter (DAT) forms in the rat mesostriatal system, reveals that ...
Zhang Hongyu - - 2008
Normal aging is associated with both locomotor and orolingual motor deficits. Preclinical studies of motor function in normal aging, however, have focused primarily on locomotor activity. The purpose of this study was to measure age-related changes in orolingual motor function and compare these changes between two rat strains commonly used ...
Little S J - - 2007
The age-related decline in cognitive function has been associated with biochemical changes that can be attenuated following n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid treatment. Dietary supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) has been shown to reverse age-related changes in synaptic function. Here, lipidomic analyses were undertaken to examine changes in lipid classes and ...
Cañuelo A - - 2007
Aged individuals are more susceptible to hypoxic insults, but little is known about the response of the nitric oxide (NO) system to hypoxia in the senescent brain. We have analysed the effect of aging on the hypobaric hypoxia/reoxygenation NO synthase (NOS) expression and activity in the cerebral cortex. In aged ...
Rutkute Kristina - - 2007
The process of aging has recently been shown to substantially affect the ability of cells to respond to inflammatory challenges. We demonstrate that aging leads to hepatic hyperresponsiveness to interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta), and we examine the factors that could be responsible for this phenomenon. IL-1beta-induced phosphorylation of c-jun N-terminal kinase ...
Weisser-Thomas Jutta - - 2007
"Physiological" aging as well as early and progressive cardiac hypertrophy may affect action potential (AP) pattern, contractile function, and Ca(2+) handling. We hypothesize that contractile function is disturbed in hypertrophy from early stages and is differently affected in aged myocardium. In vivo function, cardiomyocyte contractile behavior and APs were compared ...
Varea Emilio - - 2009
Changes in the ability of neuronal networks to undergo structural remodeling may be involved in the age-associated cognitive decline. The polysialylated form of the neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM) declines dramatically during postnatal development, but persists in several regions of the young-adult rat telencephalon, where it participates, through its anti-adhesive ...
Kumar Ashok - - 2007
Several forms of log-term synaptic plasticity have been identified and the mechanisms for induction and expression of synaptic modifications change over development and maturation. The present study examines age-related changes in the induction of group I metabotropic receptor selective agonist (R,S)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) induced long-term synaptic depression (DHPG-LTD) at CA3-CA1 synapses. ...
Miller Steven J - - 2007
Recent studies have established that age is the major risk factor for vascular disease. Numerous aberrant changes occur in vascular structure and function during aging, and animal models are the primary means to determine the underlying mechanisms of age-mediated vascular pathology. The Fischer 344/Brown Norway F1 hybrid (F344xBN) rat thoracic ...
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