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Snopkowski Kristin K Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK - - 2014
Menopause remains an evolutionary puzzle, as humans are unique among primates in having a long post-fertile lifespan. One model proposes that intergenerational conflict in patrilocal populations favours female reproductive cessation. This model predicts that women should experience menopause earlier in groups with an evolutionary history of patrilocality compared with matrilocal ...
Carlson Jordan A JA 1Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA; 2Department of Pediatrics and Psychiatry, Seattle Children's Research Institute and University of Washington, Seattle, WA; 3Department of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, CANADA; and 4Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University, Stanford, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate gender, race/ethnicity, education, and income as moderators of relations of perceived neighborhood crime, pedestrian, and traffic safety to physical activity. Participants were from two samples: adults (N = 2199, age = 25-65 yr) and older adults (N = 718, age = 66+ yr) from high- ...
Scheer Justin K - - 2014
The sagittal plane is the primary driver of disability in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD), and spinopelvic radiographic thresholds have been established for pelvic tilt (PT), pelvic incidence (PI) and lumbar lordosis mismatch (PI-LL), and C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA) in which disability occurs based on an Oswestry Disability ...
Sanchez Paula C F PC *Department of Dermatology, Medical School, University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; †Department of General Pathology, Dental School, University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; and ‡Department of Surgical Pathology, Hospital Pbrero, La Paz, - - 2014
: Malignant melanoma in children, adolescents, and young adults is unusual, especially before puberty. In children (age, 0-14 years), most primary lesions are thick and atypical (amelanotic, simulating pyogenic granuloma). In the population of adolescents and young adults (age, 15-39 years), melanoma is the third most common cancer, only behind ...
Cardenas-Blanco Arturo A German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), Leipziger Strasse 44, 39120, Magdeburg, Germany, - - 2014
Previous studies using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) have examined for differences between bulbar- and limb-onset amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Findings between studies have been markedly inconsistent, though possibly as a consequence of poor matching for confounding variables. To address this problem, this study contrasted the DTI profiles of limb-onset (ALS-L) ...
Quanjer Philip H PH Dept of Pulmonary Diseases, Division of Respiratory Medicine, Erasmus University Medical Centre - Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands Dept of Paediatrics, Division of Respiratory Medicine, Erasmus University Medical Centre - Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
The objective of the present study was to establish multiethnic, all-age prediction equations for estimating stature from arm span in males and females. The arm span/height ratio (ASHR) from 13 947 subjects (40.9% females), aged 5-99 years, from nine centres (in China, Europe, Ghana, India and Iran) was used to ...
Brothers Allyson A Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Colorado State University, Fort Collins. - - 2014
Despite calls for the consideration of future time perspective (FTP) as a multidimensional construct, mostly unidimensional measurement instruments have been used. This study had two objectives: (a) to develop a brief multidimensional questionnaire for assessing FTP in adulthood and evaluate its psychometric properties; and (b) to examine age associations and ...
Pan M M Prenatal Diagnostic Center, Guangzhou Women and Children Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University , Guangzhou, Guangdong , - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of the 1st-trimester combined screening test for trisomy 21 in different maternal age groups in a Chinese population. In this retrospective study, data on the 1st-trimester combined screening test (maternal age, fetal nuchal translucency, free β-human chorionic gonadotrophin, pregnancy-associated plasma ...
Kim Kew-Wan KW Division of Sports Science, University of Incheon, 119 Academy-Ro, Yeonsu-Gu, Incheon, - - 2014
Although numerous studies have demonstrated the relationship between maturation and lower extremity biomechanics during landing in team sport athletes, we are presently uninformed of any research that examined the single-legged drop landing biomechanics of gymnasts. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of the menarcheal age on ...
Bonis Marc M 1 School of Public Health, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center , New Orleans, - - 2014
Abstract Background: The aim of the study was to objectively determine whether the Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) program improved physical activity levels during the school day. Methods: The study compared the physical activity levels of subjects from 26 daycare centers, randomized into treatment (N=13) ...
Yang Yujing Y Ophthalmology, Fudan University, Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital, School of Shanghai Medicine, 83 Fenyang Road, Shanghai, 200031, - - 2014
Purpose: To measure corneal and limbal epithelial thickness (ET) in normal subjects and to evaluate its variation with age by using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT). Methods: 180 normal subjects (180 healthy eyes) were enrolled and divided into four groups according to age: A (0-20 years), B (21-40 years), ...
Batista Fernanda Sotello FS Municipal Health Department, Santos, São Paulo, - - 2014
Muscle strength and functional independence are considered to be determinants of frailty levels among elderly people. The aim here was to compare lower-limb muscle strength (LLMS) with functional independence in relation to sex, age and number of frailty criteria, and to ascertain the influence of these variables on elderly outpatients' ...
Morin D D Psychology, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, - - 2014
The Attitudes Toward Intellectual Disability Questionnaire (ATTID) has demonstrated good psychometric qualities for measuring the attitudes of different groups of adults in the general population toward intellectual disability (ID). A significant advantage of the ATTID is that it addresses the concept of attitudes using a three-dimensional model (affective, cognitive and ...
Noriega-Sánchez Saúl A SA 1Department of Sport and Informatics, Section of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport, University Pablo de Olavide, Seville, Spain. 2Department of Physiatry and Nursing, Section of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Health and Sport Science, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, - - 2014
The purposes of this study were to determine the extent to which specific anthropometric, conditional, and pulmonary function variables predict 100-m front-crawl performance in national swimmers and compare anthropometric, conditional, and pulmonary function variables between both genders. Two groups (male, n=8 and female, n=9) of sprint swimmers (mean age ± ...
Rouis M M CeRSM (E.A. 2931), Equipe de Physiologie et de Biomécanique du Mouvement, UFR STAPS, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre - La Défense, Nanterre, - - 2014
The hypothesis that ethnicity and sport practice influence the relationship between maximal power in cycling (Pmax ) and countermovement jump (CMJ) has been studied by relating CMJ and Pmax in two groups (volleyball players, VB, and physical education students, PES) including subjects with Caucasian (67 C) or West African (39 ...
Tal Saban Miri M School of Occupational Therapy, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current research aimed at examining the executive function (EF) of young adults with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) in comparison to young adults without DCD. The study used a randomized cohort (N=429) of young adults with DCD (n=135), borderline DCD (n=149) and control (n=145), from a previous study. This initial ...
Wysokiński Adam A Department of Old Age Psychiatry and Psychotic Disorders, Medical University of Lodz, Czechosłowacka 8/10, 92-216, Łódź, Poland, - - 2014
Aim: Agouti-related peptide (AgRP) is one of the hypothalamic hormones that works by increasing appetite and decreasing metabolism, thus leading to weight gain. The aim of the study was to find out if AgRP level in subjects with schizophrenia on clozapine monotherapy is higher compared with healthy controls. Methodology: We ...
Robertson Andrew A Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter, Cornwall Campus, Penryn, TR10 9EZ, Cornwall, UK, - - 2014
Individual specialisation has been identified in an increasing number of animal species and populations. However, in some groups, such as terrestrial mammals, it is difficult to disentangle individual niche variation from spatial variation in resource availability. In the present study, we investigate individual variation in the foraging niche of the ...
Tagliafico Alberto - - 2014
Tennis is believed to be potentially harmful for the shoulder, therefore the purpose of this study is to evaluate the anatomy of the rotator cuff and the coraco-humeral ligament (CHL) in a-symptomatic non-elite junior tennis players with high-resolution ultrasound (US). From August 2009 to September 2010 n = 90 a-symptomatic ...
Teng Minhua M State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China; Department of Oral Implantology, National Clinical Key Specialty, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, - - 2014
To measure the distances between the medial and lateral sinus wall (sinus width [SW]) at different levels on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and apply those SW values to formulate a new sinus classification. Edentulous sites adjacent to maxillary sinuses with inadequate residual bone height (RBH) were included from the ...
de Jesus Guirro Rinaldo Roberto RR Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil; Post-Graduation Program in Rehabilitation and Functional Performance, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (ES) is a therapeutic procedure used in rehabilitation. However, the effectiveness of it depends on sensory responses to pain and motor control in neuromuscular recruitment, considering the differences related to gender and age of the subjects treated, as well as the intensity and frequency of ES. To ...
Kumara Honnavalli Nagaraj HN Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Anaikatty Post, Coimbatore, 641108, - - 2014
Between-group encounters are an obvious outcome of intergroup competition. Between-group encounters in primates range from avoidance to fatally aggressive. The prevailing hypotheses explain such encounters as mate defense strategy by males and resource defense strategy by females. However, the rate and nature of between-group encounters may also be influenced by ...
Iizuka Yoichi Y Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa, Maebashi, Gunma, 371-8511, Japan, - - 2014
The concept of "locomotive syndrome" (LS) was proposed by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) in 2007 to refer to the risk of elderly individuals becoming bedridden because of reduced function of locomotive organs, for example muscles, bones, and joints. The purpose of this study was to clarify the association between ...
Roongsitthichai Atthaporn A Department of Veterinary Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham, 44000, Thailand, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the influence of growth rate and onset of boar contact on age at first observed estrus of the replacement gilts raised in Thailand. In total, 766 gilts were measured for body weight and backfat thickness prior to insemination. Body weight was further calculated for growth ...
Zingmark Magnus M Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Division of Occupational Therapy, Umeå University , Umeå , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The aim of this exploratory randomised controlled trial (RCT) was to evaluate three different occupation-focused interventions for well older people by estimating effect sizes for leisure engagement and ability in activities of daily living (ADL) and thereby identifying the most effective interventions. Methods: One hundred and seventy seven ...
Carson Valerie V Faculty of Physical Education & Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to describe self-reported levels of sitting, moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA), television viewing, and computer use in a representative sample of US adolescents and to make comparisons between sex, race/ethnicity, weight status, and age groups. Results are based on 3556 adolescents aged 12-19 ...
Israeli Moshe M Department of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, building 1, L-03-032a, 2300 RC, Leiden, Netherlands, - - 2014
Approximately three million people have immigrated to the state of Israel since it was founded. Consequently, the immunogenetic profile of the younger generation may consist of a genetic mixture of formerly distinct population groups. We aimed to investigate whether HLA profiles in the Israeli population are age dependent and how ...
Saling Lauren L LL School of Psychology, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia. - - 2014
Elderly adults demonstrate a reduced ability to produce increasingly concise and coherent discourse with repetition when compared with their younger counterparts. We explored whether discourse efficiency and quality would increase with story retelling in a dialogic context. Participants were 30 elderly adults aged between 65 and 91 years (M = ...
Wang Yiying - - 2014
BackgroundRecent advances suggest fallopian tube as the main cellular source for women¿s pelvic serous carcinoma (PSC). In addition to TP53 mutations, many other genetic changes are involved in pelvic serous carcinogenesis. IMP3 is an oncofetal protein which has recently been observed to be overexpressed in benign-looking tubal epithelia. Such findings ...
Lione Roberta R *Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", - - 2014
Summary OBJECTIVE : To compare the anatomical characteristics of the maxillary arch, identified as palatal surface area and volume, between mouth-breathing and nose-breathing subjects using a three-dimensional (3D) analysis of digital dental casts. Twenty-one Caucasian subjects (14 females and 7 males) with a mean age of 8.5 years [standard deviation ...
Shimmura Tsuyoshi T Division of Seasonal Biology, National Institute for Basic Biology, Okazaki, Japan; Department of Basic Biology, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, Miura, Japan; Graduate School of Bioagricultural Science, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan; School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University, Sagamihara, - - 2014
We reported previously that behavioral development of chicks was promoted remarkably by the presence of a broody hen. Here we report that these effects at an early age persist after maturity. A total of 60 female chicks were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: six pens with five ...
Cremer Marta J MJ Projeto Toninhas, Universidade da Região de Joinville, São Francisco do Sul, SC, - - 2014
On October 2011, a newborn franciscana dolphin with an anomalously coloration was sighted in Babitonga Bay, southern Brazil. The calf was totally white. Besides the potential mother and newborn, the group also had the presence of another adult, who always was swimming behind the pair. Both adults had the typical ...
Reste Jelena J Institute of Occupational Safety and Environmental Health, Riga Stradins University, Dzirciema Street 16, Riga, LV-1007, Latvia Centre of Occupational and Radiological Medicine, Pauls Stradins Clinical University Hospital, Pilsonu Street 13, Riga, LV-1002, Latvia - - 2014
The outcome of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant (CNPP) accident was that a huge number of people were exposed to ionizing radiation. Previous studies of CNPP clean-up workers from Latvia revealed a high occurrence of age-associated degenerative diseases and cancer in young adults, as well as a high mortality as ...
Lee Chong S CS Department of Neurology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 88 Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736, - - 2014
Dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging shows age-related decline of ligand binding in the normal striatum, a decline attributed to regulatory changes. We investigated if similar changes occur in the striatum of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, using PET and [(18)F]FP-CIT, a ligand for DAT. We performed [(18)F]FP-CIT PET in 39 drug-naïve, de ...
Chu Chun Hung - - 2014
Purpose: To compare toothbrushing habits, unstimulated salivary flow rates and oral health status of elderly Hong Kong Chinese with and without dementia. Materials and Methods: A sample size calculation was performed and a sample of 82 elderly Chinese with dementia were invited who were aged 60 or above, fit for ...
Diwakar Rohan - - 2014
Aims :  The aim of the present study was to evaluate pharyngeal airway in cleft individuals and normally growing individuals using cone beam computed tomography. Materials and Methods :  Cone beam computed tomography scans of 22 individuals were obtained from the Department of Orthodontics and divided in two groups. Group ...
Butcher Lindsay D LD Institute of Biomedical Studies; Baylor University; Waco, TX USA; Gastrointestinal Cancer Research Laboratory; Baylor Research Institute and Charles A. Sammons Cancer Center; Dallas, TX - - 2014
JC virus (JCV) is a polyomavirus that infects approximately 75% of the population and encodes a T antigen (T-Ag) gene, which is oncogenic and inactivates the p53 and pRb/p107/p130 protein families. Previous work in our lab has identified the presence of T-Ag in colorectal neoplasms. While JCV remains in a ...
Sari Umut U Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Acibadem Levent Medical Center, Istanbul, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients have an increased rate of subclinical inflammation, which plays a role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an inflammatory mediator which belongs to the same family as the well-established cardiovascular biomarker C-reactive protein (CRP). The present study was performed to investigate ...
Grigoroiu-Serbanescu Maria M Biometric Psychiatric Genetics Research Unit, Alexandru Obregia Clinical Psychiatric Hospital, 10, Sos. Berceni, R-041914 Bucharest, Romania. Electronic address: - - 2014
Age-of-onset (AO) is increasingly used in molecular genetics of bipolar I disorder (BP-I) as a phenotypic specifier with the goal of reducing genetic heterogeneity. However, questions regarding the cut-off age for defining early onset (EO), as well as the number of onset groups characterizing BP-I have emerged over the last ...
Dai Y Y Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of - - 2014
Objective:We aimed to evaluate the current status of sexual maturation of Chinese children, to examine the association between obesity and early sexual maturation in boys and compare it with girls, and to test the hypothesis that the associations differ by gender.Study design:cross-sectional study.Subjects:A representative sample involving 9812 boys and 8895 ...
Krane Line - - 2014
Sickness absence is a growing public health problem in Norway and Denmark, with the highest absence rates being registered in Norway. We compared time trends in sickness absence patterns of municipal employees in the health and care sectors in Norway and Denmark. Data from 2004 to 2008 were extracted from ...
Kadoya Manabu M Health Service Station, Eco Solutions Company, Panasonic Corporation, - - 2014
Objectives: Specific Health Examinations and Guidance (Tokutei kenko shinsa/Tokutei hoken shido) are provided for people over 40 years of age to reduce the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). In the present study, we evaluated the importance of weight control in people below 40 years of age. Methods: Male subjects (n=877), ...
Deprez Dieter D a Movement and Sports Sciences , Ghent University , Ghent , - - 2014
Abstract The present study aimed to investigate positional differences in 744 high-level soccer players, aged 8 to 18 years. Players were assigned to six age groups (U9-U19) and divided into four playing positions (goalkeeper (GK), defender (DEF), midfielder (MF) and attacker (ATT)). MANOVA and effect sizes were used to examine anthropometrical ...
Yamamoto Maria Emilia ME Graduate Program in Psychobiology, Department of Physiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.Av. Sen. Salgado Filho, 3000, Caixa Postal 1511, Campus Universitário, Lagoa Nova, 50978-970, Natal, RN, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Marmosets are cooperative breeders organized as extended family groups, but breeding is generally restricted to a single pair. Breeding competition is fierce in female marmosets; males, on the other hand, show low levels of intragroup aggression. We investigated male and female breeding strategies and the resulting reproductive output in 9 ...
Kumaran Nagalingam N School of Earth, Environmental and Biological Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
In tephritid fruit flies of the genus Bactrocera Macquart, a group of plant derived compounds (sensu amplo 'male lures') enhance the mating success of males that have consumed them. For flies responding to the male lure methyl eugenol, this is due to the accumulation of chemicals derived from the male ...
Winkler Angela A Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, - - 2014
Background: Several studies reported on the association of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) with dementia. Studies on the association of T2DM and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are rare. Objective: To evaluate the gender-specific association of T2DM with MCI and MCI subtypes (amnestic MCI (aMCI) and non-amnestic MCI (naMCI)) in a middle-aged ...
Masucci C C Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, The University of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
To assess the effects of a modified alternate rapid maxillary expansion and constriction (Alt-RAMEC) protocol in combination with facemask (FM) in Class III growing patients. Thirty one Class III patients (17 males, 14 females) were treated with a modified Alt-RAMEC/FM protocol at the Department of Orthodontics of the University of ...
Brook Judith S JS Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY - - 2014
This longitudinal study examined the association between trajectories of cigarette smoking and unemployment across a 29-year time period from mean age 14 to mean age 43. Participants came from a community-based random sample of residents in 2 upstate New York counties. Data were collected at 7 timepoints. Using growth mixture ...
Zhang Xinan X Department of Sports Medicine, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, 200438, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to explore the effects of different fitness sports on cognitive function and emotion of the aged people. A total of 150 subjects aged between 60 and 70 were recruited from Shenyang Aged University and elderly activity center. All subjects reported no fitness before this ...
Holstiege Jakob - - 2014
To describe the utilisation of antibiotics in children and adolescents across 5 European countries based on the same drug utilisation measures and age groups. Special attention was given to age-group-specific distributions of antibiotic subgroups, since comparison in this regard between countries is lacking so far. Outpatient pediatric prescriptions of systemic ...
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