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Veldhuizen Scott S Centre for Addictions and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Family Medicine & Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada Department of Community Health Sciences, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, - - 2014
Screens for developmental delay generally provide a set of norms for different age groups. Development varies continuously with age, however, and applying a single criterion for an age range will inevitably produce misclassifications. In this report, we estimate the resulting error rate for one example: the cognitive subscale of the ...
Hasegawa Kohei K Department of Emergency Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Emergency department (ED) visits for opioid overdose provide an important marker of acute morbidity. We sought to evaluate national trends of ED visits for opioid overdose. The National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 1993-2010, was used to identify ED visits for opioid overdose. Outcome measures were national ED visit rates ...
Fradkin Chris - - 2014
Objective: This study examined the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity risk during early adolescence, ages 10-13 years, and whether this association is present in different racial/ethnic and gender groups during 2 time points in early adolescence. Method: Data were from the Healthy Passages study, which enrolled 4,824 African ...
Jordan Jillian J JJ Department of Psychology andDepartment of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 - - 2014
When enforcing norms for cooperative behavior, human adults sometimes exhibit in-group bias. For example, third-party observers punish selfish behaviors committed by out-group members more harshly than similar behaviors committed by in-group members. Although evidence suggests that children begin to systematically punish selfish behavior around the age of 6 y, the ...
Eijgelaar P N PN Human Movement Sciences, Groningen, The - - 2014
Idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is the most common spinal deformity in adolescents. Defective postural equilibrium may be a contributing factor. The information of the three sensory systems combined enables the formation of a central representation of head position and body posture. Comparison of head angles of girls with and without scoliosis ...
Payne Jennifer I JI Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada; Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada; Nova Scotia Breast Screening Program, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada; Department of Diagnostic Imaging, QEII Health Sciences Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care released recommendations for breast cancer screening, in part, based on harms associated with screening. The purpose of this study was to describe the rate of false-positive (FP) screening mammograms and to describe the extent of the investigations after an FP. A cohort ...
Peyvandi A A AA Department of ENT and Head and Neck Surgery,Shahid Beheshti University of Medical - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the relationship between conductive hearing loss and maxillary constriction. Method: A total of 120 people, aged from 7 to 40 years, who were referred to an audiologist when taking out health insurance or for school pre-registration check-up, were selected for this study. A total of 60 participants ...
Barroso Francisco R G FR Laboratório de Geologia Sedimentar e Ambiental/LAGESE, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco/UFPE, Recife, PE, - - 2014
This study reports the first known occurrence of the Ediacaran fauna in northeastern Brazil (at Pacujá Municipality, northwestern state of Ceará) and presents preliminary interpretations of its significance. Regional correlation indicates that the fossils originated in the Jaibaras Basin and that they may represent a new geological system. The depositional ...
Peng Xuwen X Department of Comparative Medicine, Penn State University Hershey College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, 17033, - - 2014
To investigate the occurrence of spontaneous cataracts in a breeding colony of the inbred EIII/JC strain of New Zealand White rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculi) and the congenic strain of EIII/JC-HLA-A2.1transgenic rabbits. A retrospective study was conducted by collecting and analyzing data from clinical records for individual rabbits filed between January 2011 ...
Vestergaard Sonja S a Danish Aging Research Center, Institute of Public Health , University of Southern Denmark , Odense , - - 2014
Objectives: Little is known about whether the feeling of happiness follows the age-related decline in physical and mental functioning. The objective of this study was to analyze differences with age in physical and mental functions and in the feeling of happiness among Danes aged 45 years and older. Method: Three Danish ...
Pliner Erika M EM a Department of Industrial Engineering , University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee , Milwaukee , WI , - - 2014
Ladder falls frequently cause severe injuries; yet the factors that influence ladder slips/falls are not well understood. This study aimed to quantify (1) the effects of restricted foot placement, hand positioning, climbing direction and age on slip outcomes, and (2) differences in climbing styles leading to slips versus styles leading ...
Maufrais Claire C Avignon University, LAPEC EA4278, Avignon, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to test the effect of endurance training on the age-related changes of left ventricular (LV) twist-untwist mechanics. Aging has been shown to induce a decline of diastolic function and more recently an impairment of twist-untwist mechanics, which constitutes an important factor for early diastolic suction ...
Perri Rita A RA Ludwig Engel Centre for Respiratory Research, Westmead Millennium Institute, Westmead, NSW, - - 2014
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is more common in men than women. Body size is greater in males (sexual dimorphism), but large body habitus is associated with OSA for both genders. We speculated that male-female phenotypical convergence (reduced sexual dimorphism via identical phenotype acquisition) occurs with OSA and tested hypotheses: (1) ...
Denizot Anne A Department of Endocrine Surgery, European Hospital, Marseille, - - 2014
To compare the feasibility, safety, and outcome of parathyroidectomy in the management of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in individuals aged 75 and older with that of those younger than 50. Retrospective chart review. Department of Endocrine Surgery, Hospital Paul Desbief (Marseille, France). Individuals who underwent surgery from June 2005 to February ...
Rebelo-Gonçalves Ricardo R Faculty of Sports Science and Physical Education, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, - - 2014
Studies focused on position-related characteristics of young soccer players often ignore the goalkeepers. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of playing position on anthropometry, physiological attributes, soccer skills and goal orientation across adolescence. One hundred and forty five soccer players aged 11-19 years who were assessed ...
León-Salas Beatriz B Alzheimer Disease Research Unit, CIEN Foundation, Carlos III Institute of Health, Alzheimer Center Reina Sofia Foundation, Madrid, - - 2014
Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in older adults is determined by personal conditions, as well as by the social and physical environment. The purpose of the present study was to describe the factors related to health conditions and residential environment that influence HRQOL of older adults. Data from 1815 cases ...
Sadek Mais M MM Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt - - 2014
Summary OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in alveolar and skeletal dimensions among subjects with different vertical facial dimensions using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). To date, this is the first study that investigates the relationship between facial type and posterior alveolar thickness in both ...
Lazzaretti Dieison Nardi DN Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM), Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
The forces applied during orthodontic treatment bring about effects on the teeth and surrounding tissues. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible changes in the human pulpal tissue resulting from orthodontic intrusion in a 21-day period using histologic examination. The sample consisted of 17 young individuals of ...
Monteiro de Almeida Rocha Juliana J Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
During play, primates may become more vulnerable to predation. Our goal was to examine the potential role of predation risk on the play behavior of 3 groups of golden-headed lion tamarin, Leontopithecus chrysomelas, in shaded cocoa agroforest (cabruca) of Southern Bahia, Brazil. We identified the preferred (and safer) locations on ...
Snopkowski Kristin K Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK - - 2014
Menopause remains an evolutionary puzzle, as humans are unique among primates in having a long post-fertile lifespan. One model proposes that intergenerational conflict in patrilocal populations favours female reproductive cessation. This model predicts that women should experience menopause earlier in groups with an evolutionary history of patrilocality compared with matrilocal ...
Kurz Eduard E Clinic for Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, Division of Motor Research, Pathophysiology and Biomechanics, Jena University Hospital, - - 2014
To judge a person's maximum trunk extension performance as either age-appropriate or deconditioned is challenging. The present study aimed at determining age and anthropometrically adjusted maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of back extensors considering the number and recovery time between trials. Thirty-one young (20-30 years) and 33 middle-aged (50-60 years) healthy ...
Hu Shaohua S Department of Mental Health, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, - - 2014
Neuroimaging studies have reported differences in brain structure and function between homosexual and heterosexual men. The neural basis for homosexual orientation, however, is still unknown. This study characterized the association of homosexual preference with measures of fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) and functional connectivity (FC) in the resting state. ...
Chieffi Sergio S Department of Experimental Medicine, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy, - - 2014
Using a bisection paradigm, we investigated age-related differences in susceptibility to distractor interference. Older and younger participants were asked to bisect a horizontal line flanked by a pair of distractors, placed in either left or right hemispace. The results showed that (1) in both groups the distractors interfered with line ...
Ren Jing J Department of Radiology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Changle West Road #127, Xi'an City, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of MRI in predicting prostate growth and development. A total of 1,500 healthy male volunteers who underwent MRI of the pelvis were included in this prospective study. Subjects were divided into five groups according to age (group A, 2-5 years; ...
Moreira Danna Mota DM a Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Comprehensive Dentistry, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To develop an antimicrobial orthodontic band cement for the prevention of white spot lesions using a novel process that generates silver nanoparticles (AgNP) in situ. Materials and Methods: Twenty-seven groups of AgNP-loaded Opal Band Cement (OBC) and two control groups were formulated with varying concentrations of additional benzoyl ...
Hong Wei-Hsin WH a Former Orthodontic Resident, Department of Orthodontics, University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: To examine the relationship between palatally displaced maxillary canines (PDC) and the maxillary transverse dimension using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: Thirty-three patients (11 males and 22 females, mean age 18.2 years) with PDC were matched to 66 patients (22 males and 44 females, mean age 18.1 years) ...
Armstrong Lawrence E LE University of Connecticut, - - 2014
Context :  The sensation of thirst is different from the complex behavior of drinking ad libitum. Rehydration recommendations to athletes differ, depending on the source, yet no previous researchers have systematically compared drinking to thirst (DTT) versus ad libitum drinking behavior (DAL). Objective :  To compare 2 groups of trained ...
Watts Christopher R CR Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to use spectral and cepstral analyses of speech to investigate whether underlying physiological changes in voice result in changes in acoustic estimates of dysphonia severity in continuous speech contexts within a single breath group. The effect of dysphonia on acoustic estimates of dysphonia severity, ...
Song Minkyo M Department of Preventive Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The incidence and mortality of gastric cancer have declined rapidly over the past few decades, but reverse trends in the young generation's differential between sexes in some races have been reported in recent years. To investigate whether this divergent trend can be observed in Korea, a country with the highest ...
Bereczky L-K LK University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology No. 1, County Emergency Hospital , Tîrgu-Mureş , - - 2014
This retrospective study evaluated gestational and delivery-related characteristics focusing on women aged 35 and above (≥ 35 years). Data were collected on maternal (n = 8,407) and newborn records during a 4-year admission period (2008-11) at the County Emergency Hospital, Tîrgu-Mureş, Romania. The prevalence of preterm deliveries increased in all ...
Mantell Joanne E JE HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 15, New York, NY, 10032, USA, - - 2014
Relatively few interventions have tested the efficacy of female condom promotion either alone or in combination with other barrier methods. We evaluated the efficacy of a two-session (enhanced) cognitive-behavioral intervention (EI) (n = 147) against a one-session control (minimal) educational intervention (MI) (n = 149) to promote female condom (FC) use among female students ...
Chan Jimmy J JJ Orthopaedic Hand and Upper Extremity Service, Massachusetts General Hospital - Harvard Medical School, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA, 02114, - - 2014
Triangular fibrocartilage complex abnormalities seem to be more common with age, but the degree to which this is so, and the degree to which the presence of an abnormality is associated with symptoms, are topics of controversy. We wished to perform a systematic review to determine the prevalence of triangular ...
Beckett Michael M Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Proper scapulothoracic and hip mechanics are essential aspects of the throwing kinetic chain. Little is known regarding these entities in preadolescent and adolescent baseball players. Scapular malposition and dyskinesis as well as hip dysfunction are highly prevalent in preadolescent and adolescent baseball players and may be identified by simple clinical ...
Schmitt Carol L CL Public Health Policy Research Program, RTI International, 701 13th Street NW, Suite 750, Washington, DC 20005-3967, USA - - 2014
This study uses focus group data to document consumer perceptions of powerwall and other point-of-sale (POS) tobacco displays, and support for a ban on tobacco displays. Four focus groups were conducted in 2012 by a trained moderator. The study comprised 34 adult residents of New York State, approximately half with ...
Sunderić Miloš M Institute for the Application of Nuclear Energy (INEP), University of Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aging is considered to be an adaptive mechanism to altered needs of an organism and/or to altered stimuli. Plasma concentrations of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 (IGFBP-2) increase with age and it is generally assumed that IGFBP-2 is a negative predictor of healthy aging. The aim of this study was ...
Dijkstra S Coosje SC 1Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences,VU University Amsterdam,De Boelelaan 1085,1081 HV Amsterdam,The - - 2014
We aimed to identify barriers for meeting the fruit, vegetable and fish guidelines in older Dutch adults and to investigate socio-economic status (SES) differences in these barriers. Furthermore, we examined the mediating role of these barriers in the association between SES and adherence to these guidelines. Cross-sectional. Longitudinal Aging Study ...
Forga Llenas Luis L Endocrinology Department, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Navarra, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine trends in the incidence of type 1 diabetes in Navarre (Spain) between 1975 and 2012 by age and sex. The study population comprised residents of Navarre under 15 years of age. A Poisson regression model was fitted to analyze changes in the incidence over time, adjusted by year ...
Izawa Kazuhiro P KP Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe University, 10-2 Tomogaoka 7-Chome Suma, Kobe, 654-0142, Japan, - - 2014
Little is known about differences in the risk of poor nutritional status as assessed by the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) in relation to physical performance in elderly female cardiac inpatients. The present study aimed to determine both differences in physical performance based on the GNRI and physical performance cut-off ...
Carlson Jordan A JA 1Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA; 2Department of Pediatrics and Psychiatry, Seattle Children's Research Institute and University of Washington, Seattle, WA; 3Department of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, CANADA; and 4Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University, Stanford, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate gender, race/ethnicity, education, and income as moderators of relations of perceived neighborhood crime, pedestrian, and traffic safety to physical activity. Participants were from two samples: adults (N = 2199, age = 25-65 yr) and older adults (N = 718, age = 66+ yr) from high- ...
Sanchez Paula C F PC *Department of Dermatology, Medical School, University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; †Department of General Pathology, Dental School, University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; and ‡Department of Surgical Pathology, Hospital Pbrero, La Paz, - - 2014
: Malignant melanoma in children, adolescents, and young adults is unusual, especially before puberty. In children (age, 0-14 years), most primary lesions are thick and atypical (amelanotic, simulating pyogenic granuloma). In the population of adolescents and young adults (age, 15-39 years), melanoma is the third most common cancer, only behind ...
Geissler Palmyra J PJ Dallas, Texas From the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical - - 2014
Fat grafting remains unpredictable in the clinical setting, and variables that influence adipocyte survival, such as age, body mass index, and specific donor sites, are still not well understood. Twenty-four female subjects were enrolled in this research after institutional review board approval and signed consent to participate was obtained. Subjects ...
Kurspahić-Mujčić Amira A Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, 2Pediatric Clinic, Clinical Center, University of Sarajevo; Sarajevo; 3Public Health Institute of Zenica-Doboj Canton, Zenica, 4Primary Health Care Center Travnik, Travnik; Bosnia and - - 2014
Aim To determine the amount of stress to which young and adult persons were exposed during the last twelve months and relationship between stress levels and risky health behavior. Methods The study was conducted from November 2011 until January 2012 in the Sarajevo Canton. The study included 700 respondents divided ...
Cohen Daniel D Instituto Masira, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical School, University of Santander, Bucaramanga, - - 2014
To determine whether active school travel is associated with muscular fitness, which is an emerging marker of youth health. Handgrip strength, vertical jump and vertical jump peak power were measured in n=6829 English schoolchildren (53% males, age 12.9±1.2years) between 2007 and 2011. Participants were grouped according to self-reported habitual school ...
Stodden David F DF Dept. of Physical Education & Athletic Training, University of South Carolina, Columbia, - - 2014
This cross-sectional study examined associations among motor skill competence (MSC) and health-related fitness (HRF) in youth. A convenient sample of 253 boys and 203 girls (aged 4-13 years) participated in the study. Associations among measures of MSC (throwing and kicking speed and standing long jump distance) and a composite measure ...
Bae Kwonho K Department of Urology, Daegu Catholic University Medical Center, Daegu, - - 2014
It has been reported that varicocele is found less frequently in obese men. Accordingly, we evaluated varicocele patients and statistically analyzed the correlation between varicocele and somatometric parameters. A total of 211 patients underwent surgery for varicoceles. All patients underwent history taking, physical examination, and scrotal ultrasound to determine the ...
Miyajima Eiichi E Department of Psychiatry, Clinic Omoromachi, Naha, Okinawa, Japan; Department of Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The present study aimed to investigate differences in personality traits among male-to-female (MtF), female-to-male (FtM) gender identity disorder (GID) subjects and non-transsexual male (M) and female (F) controls. Subjects were 72 MtF and 187 FtM GID subjects without psychiatric comorbidities together with 184 male and 159 female non-transsexual controls. Personality ...
Manuel Ari R - - 2014
IntroductionObesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) conventionally includes awake hypercapnia, but an isolated raised bicarbonate, even in the absence of awake hypercapnia, may represent evidence of 'early' OHS. We have investigated whether such individuals exhibit certain features characteristic of established obesity hypoventilation syndrome. MethodsObese subjects (BMI >30 kgs/m2) were identified from a ...
Van Dongen Josanne D M JD Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Institute of Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Several research groups have shown that people with schizophrenia who offend do not form a homogenous group. A three-group model claimed by Hodgins proposes distinguishing between people who start offending before the onset of psychosis (early starters), after psychosis onset but at age 34 years or under (late starters) and after ...
Demirkale Ibrahim I Department of Fish Diseases & Aquaculture, Faculty of Fisheries, University of Cukurova, 01330, Balcali, Adana, - - 2014
A new species of caligid copepod, Caligus solea n. sp., is described from the common sole Solea solea (Linnaeus) caught off the north-eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Both sexes of the parasite were collected from all over the upper body surface of its host. The new species belongs to the ...
Mehta Ranjana K RK Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to examine obesity and age effects on handgrip endurance across a range of relative workload levels. Forty-five non-obese and obese younger and older females performed fatiguing handgrip exercises at 20, 40, 60, and 80% of relative handgrip strength. The younger obese group demonstrated ∼7% ...
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