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Kegel Peter P University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Institute of Occupational, Social, and Environmental Medicine, , Mainz, - - 2013
To analyse differences in uptake of the insecticide permethrin in wearers of non-impregnated and permethrin impregnated battle dress uniforms (BDU) in Afghanistan and Germany. In two separate studies, in April 2003-January 2004 (study I, n=549) and in February-April 2005 (study II, n=195), healthy female and male members of the German ...
Roberts Gehan G aPremature Infant Follow-up Program at the Royal Women's Hospital bDepartment of Paediatrics cDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Melbourne dMurdoch Children Research Institute, Melbourne, - - 2013
Adult preterm survivors from the 1980s have higher blood pressure (BP) than term controls. Survival rates of extremely preterm (gestational age < 28 weeks; EP) infants born after 1990 have increased, but whether they still have higher BP than term controls is unknown. This study compared the BP of contemporary EP survivors ...
Riegert Jan J Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 31, CZ-370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2013
Several sunbird species (Nectariniidae) exhibit group display, but the function of this behaviour still remains unclear. We test two hypotheses (reproductive tactic and joint territory defence) to explain the function of this behaviour using data gathered on Northern Double-collared Sunbirds (Cinnyris reichenowi) from the Cameroon Mountains. Sunbirds exhibited group display ...
Pryor J Luke JL 1Korey Stringer Institute and Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA 2The New York Football Giants, East Rutherford, NJ 07073, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to document the physical profiles of players on the 2011 New York Giants team (NYG) and to make comparisons with the historical literature on previous NFL player profiles. In this study height, body mass (BM), body fat percentage (BF%) using skin fold measurements, and ...
Bullen Ryan Newell RN Former Orthodontic Resident, Postgraduate Orthodontic Program, Arizona School of Dentistry & Oral Health, A. T. Still University, Mesa, - - 2013
To investigate the difference between the self-perception of the facial profile and analogous measurements of profile photographs in 2 age groups, adolescents and young adults, and adults. A prototypical Caucasian profile was constructed for each gender by averaging the profiles of 28 subjects with normal occlusion. Each prototypical profile was ...
Profant Oliver O Department of Auditory Neuroscience, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic; Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 1st Medical Faculty of Charles University, University Hospital Motol, Prague, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2013
Age-related hearing loss (presbycusis) is caused mainly by the hypofunction of the inner ear, but recent findings point also toward a central component of presbycusis. We used MR morphometry and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with a 3 T MR system with the aim to study the state of the central ...
Sayers M G L GL School of Health and Sport Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, QLD, - - 2013
This project assessed dynamic balance and stability in aged lawn bowlers during the deliver stride. Participants were divided into two groups: aged 65 years or less (n=14), and aged over 65 years (n=16). Standard balance based centre of pressure (CoP) and ground reaction force variables were recorded and a Dynamic ...
Kwon Yong-Kook YK Biological Resource Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), Daejeon, Korea ; Seoul Center, Korea Basic Science Institute, Seoul, - - 2014
To determine whether Fourier transform (FT)-IR spectral analysis combined with multivariate analysis of whole-cell extracts from ginseng leaves can be applied as a high-throughput discrimination system of cultivation ages and cultivars, a total of total 480 leaf samples belonging to 12 categories corresponding to four different cultivars (Yunpung, Kumpung, Chunpung, ...
Desai Neel - - 2013
To investigate and analyse outcomes of patients over the age of 40 who had undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and to compare them to their younger counterparts. We analysed patient-reported outcomes measured using the knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS) as well as aetiology of injury, concomitant intra-articular ...
Lazorick Suzanne - - 2013
Abstract Background: The Motivating Adolescents with Technology to CHOOSE Health™ (MATCH) intervention integrates lifestyle behavior change curriculum within academic subjects taught in seventh grade. This study assesses obesity prevention in participants into high school. Methods: The study compares four- to five-year longitudinal data from a single-site cohort (N=106, 54% retained ...
Ahdab Rechdi R Division of Neurology, University Medical Center Rizk Hospital, Beirut, - - 2013
Objective: Investigate the added value of hyperventilation (HV) and intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) to the routine electroencephalogram (EEG). Method: This is a retrospective review of 1,172 successive EEGs. The records with evidence of epileptogenic activity were identified and further analyzed to identify if the activation techniques could trigger the expression ...
Pecks U U Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, - - 2013
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a multifactorial condition in that the fetus does not reach its genetically given growth potential. Besides its contribution to perinatal mortality, it is a risk factor for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases later in life. The diagnosis is based on antenatal sonography, which allows differentiating between ...
Lee Ji-Eun JE Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, - - 2014
This study evaluates offending allergens in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) according to age that establish a minimal panel for skin prick test (SPT) allergens required to identify if a patient is sensitized. We retrospectively analyzed SPT results according to age to determine the minimum test battery panel necessary to ...
Arya Swati - - 2013
Young adult patients (pts) with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) remain at risk for arrhythmias (Ar) and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Based on past studies with earlier pt subsets, Ar/SCD events were associated with right ventricular (RV) systolic pressures >60 mm Hg, outflow tract gradients >20 mm Hg, and QRS duration >180 ms. However, there ...
Otani Yosuke - - 2013
To expand our understanding of fission-fusion behavior and determine its variability among primates, studies of both individual-based and group-based fission-fusion are necessary. We conducted a parallel tracking study of male and female Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata yakui) during the non-mating season to clarify the general features of separate ranging by ...
Persson Andreas - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The graft choice for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is controversial. Hamstring tendon (HT) autografts and patellar tendon (PT) autografts are the most common grafts used and have shown similar subjective and objective outcomes. PURPOSE:To compare the revision rate between HT and PT autografts used in ACLR in Norway and ...
Wyon Matthew A - - 2013
It is recognized that there is a high esthetic demand in ballet, and this has implications on dancers' body mass index (BMI) and eating behaviors. The objective of this study was to examine the association between BMI, eating attitudes, and nutritional knowledge of elite student and professional ballet dancers. Observational ...
Vingilis-Jaremko Larissa - - 2013
We examined how recent biased face experience affects the influence of averageness on judgments of facial attractiveness among 8- and 9-year-old children attending a girls' school, a boys' school, and a mixed-sex school. We presented pairs of individual faces in which one face was transformed 50% toward its group average, ...
Guo Wenbin - - 2013
Neuroimaging studies in unaffected siblings of schizophrenia patients can provide clues to the pathophysiology for the development of schizophrenia. However, little is known about the alterations of the interhemispheric resting-state functional connectivity (FC) in siblings, although the dysconnectivity hypothesis is prevailing in schizophrenia for years. In the present study, we ...
Karbeyaz Kenan - - 2013
The aim was to evaluate the demographic data of dog-bite cases organized from criminal and forensic reports. This study evaluated 328 cases admitted to the Director of Forensic Medicine, Eskisehir, as a result of dog bites between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2010. It was found that those in ...
Harris-Love Michael O - - 2013
BackgroundRepeated heel raises have been proposed as a method of ankle plantar flexor strength testing that circumvents the limitations of manual muscle testing (MMT). ObjectiveTo examine the relationship among ankle plantar flexor isometric maximum voluntary contraction (MVC), repeated single-limb heel raises (SLHR), and MMT in participants with myositis.DesignA cross-sectional study ...
Corbacioglu Esmer Aytul A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2013
Aim: To determine a cutoff age for endometrial evaluation in premenopausal abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB). Methods: Histopathology reports of endometrial sampling performed due to AUB in women aged 50 years or less were reviewed retrospectively. Histopathological findings were categorized into three groups as follows: group 1: hyperplasia without atypia + ...
Piscione P Janine - - 2013
BackgroundSurvival rates for children diagnosed with posterior fossa brain tumors (PFBTs) have improved significantly over the past several decades, and long-term functioning assessments have become priorities. These evaluations have occurred frequently in adults but only rarely in children. This study describes a cross-sectional assessment of physical functioning in pediatric survivors ...
Höglund Åberg Carola - - 2013
To assess the progression of attachment loss (AL) during a two-year period according to the presence of JP2 and non-JP2 genotypes of A. actinomycetemcomitans in a Ghanaian adolescent population. A total of 500 adolescents (mean age 13.2 years, SD± 1.5) were enrolled in the study. After two years, 397 (79.4%) ...
Marinovich Sergio - - 2013
Background: A significant increase in the number of patients starting chronic hemodialysis (HD) with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)&ge;10mL/min/1.73m2 was observed in Argentina between 2004 and 2009. Methods: In order to study this topic, we calculated the mortality hazard ratios (HR) in a cohort of incident HD individuals from ...
Monda Maureen K MK UCL Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Science, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Middlesex, United - - 2013
In order to study mobility in older populations, it can be advantageous to use portable gait analysis systems, such as inertial measurement units (IMUs), that can be used in the community. In order to define a normal range, 136 active subjects were recruited with an age range of 18 to ...
Hussain Shokit - - 2013
We used an aqueous leaf extract of Camellia sinensis to synthesize Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs). A layer of ca. 6 nm around a group of the AgNPs in which the inner layer is bound to the AgNPs surface via the hydroxyl groups of catechin has been observed. TEM analysis of AgNPs showed ...
Tokuda Marcos - - 2013
Although well documented in matrilocal primate species, group fission is still a poorly known phenomenon among patrilocal primates. In this paper we describe in detail a group fission event in the population of northern muriquis at the Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural-Feliciano Miguel Abdala in Caratinga, Minas Gerais, Brazil, using ...
Nikitovic Dejana - - 2013
Human growth data from Guatemalan school children were analyzed to test the hypothesis that the degree of sexual size dimorphism (SSD) in height is reduced for people living under more adverse environmental quality. The sample consists of 2,560 girls and 3,262 boys, 6-16.99 years of age, from the two major ...
Saragat Bruno - - 2013
To obtain specific bioelectrical impedance vector reference values for the healthy elderly Italian population, and to study age- and sex-related differences in body composition. The study group consisted of 560 healthy individuals (265 men and 295 women) aged 65 to 100y, whose anthropometric (height, weight, and calf, arm and waist ...
Mansourvar Marjan M Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, determination of skeletal age, defined as the assessment of bone age, has rapidly become an important task between forensic experts and radiologists. The Greulich-Pyle (GP) atlas is one of the most frequently used methods for the assessment of skeletal age around the world. After presentation of the GP approach ...
Nelson Priscilla - - 2013
Clinical characteristics of malignant hyperthermia (MH) in pediatric patients have not been elucidated. In this study, we used the North American Malignant Hyperthermia Registry to determine differences in clinical characteristics of acute MH across pediatric age groups. We hypothesized that there are differences in clinical presentation, clinical course, and outcomes, ...
Smith Jessica W JW Department of Bioengineering, University of Utah; Department of Physical Therapy, University of - - 2013
The ability to control submaximal muscle forces has been shown to be associated with age-related decreases in physical function, such as increased tendency to fall. This study compared quadriceps muscle force steadiness (MFS) in individuals with knee OA before and after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) to an age-matched group of ...
Kassebaum Nicholas J NJ Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
Previous studies of anemia epidemiology have been geographically limited with little detail about severity or etiology. Using publicly available data, we estimated mild, moderate, and severe anemia from 1990 to 2010 for 187 countries, both sexes, and 20 age groups. We then performed cause-specific attribution to 17 conditions using data ...
Cosse Mariana - - 2013
The most endangered subspecies of pampas deer Ozotoceros bezoarticus uruguayensis is an endemic cervidae of the Uruguayan temperate grasslands. The aim of our study was to assess the demographic trends, grouping structure and dynamic of this small and isolated population. We surveyed the population during seven years and detected an ...
Singh Nirbhay Kumar - - 2013
To determine the epidemiology of ixodid ticks in bovines of different agro-climatic zones of Punjab state, India. A total of 4 459 cattle of all age groups and sex were examined from eighteen districts of five major agro-climatic zones of Punjab state, India. The overall prevalence of ixodid ticks, Rhipicephalus ...
Barreira Tiago V - - 2013
Peak cadence (steps/minute) has been presented as an indicator of children's and adolescents' best natural daily effort. The goal of the study was to determine the relationship between peak walking cadence and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in children and adolescents. Data from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination ...
Esco M R - - 2013
Aim:This investigation examined the association between aerobic fitness, race, and heart rate recovery. Methods: Forty white and 40 black subjects participated in the study and were group matched based on age and maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) which was determined via a maximal graded exercise test on a treadmill. Heart rate ...
Miao M - - 2013
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine disruptor with potentially harmful effects on humans. However, epigenetic mechanisms that modulate the effects of BPA remain unclear. Methylation of long interspersed nucleotide elements (LINE-1) is a marker of genome-wide methylation status. This study aims to examine whether BPA exposure was associated with LINE-1 ...
Padilla Sabino G SG - - 2013
The Philippine "negrito" groups comprise a diverse group of populations speaking over 30 different languages, who are spread all over the archipelago, mostly in marginal areas of Luzon Island in the north, the central Visayas islands, and Mindanao in the south. They exhibit physical characteristics that are different from more ...
Shen Jian - - 2013
To analyze the development and innervation of bladder smooth muscle and lesions of the spinal cord in fetal rats with meningomyelocele (MMC) at different gestational ages and to investigate interactions between spinal cord lesions and bladder. Each fetus was assigned to the MMC group or the normal group. Each group ...
Ervin R Bethene RB Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics 3311 Toledo Road, Hyattsville, Maryland 20782, - - 2013
Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, National Youth Fitness Survey. There were no significant differences by sex in core, lower, or upper body measures of strength for younger boys and girls. In contrast, adolescent boys had higher values than adolescent girls on all measures of strength. Adolescent ...
Liiv Helena H Faculty of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Tartu, Jakobi 5, Tartu 51014, Estonia. Tel +372 5291059, +372 737 5372, fax +372 737 5373. - - 2013
This study compared anthropometric variables, somatotypes, and aerobic capacity between three groups of dancers: classical ballet dancers (M 33, F 56), contemporary dancers (M 28, F 109), and dancesport dancers (M 30, F 30). The assumption was that different functional requirements should produce differences in the anthropometric and aerobic capacity ...
Mac Cobb Siobhan S Lecturer in Disability Studies and the Study of Occupation in the Discipline of Occupational Therapy, Trinity College - - 2013
A review of data presented in a national study of perceptions and experiences of mobility with an age-stratified sample of 564 Irish adults with vision impairment found that mobility was a significant issue. Comorbidity is a factor with 97 (29.5%) of the under-65 age group and 135 (59%) of the ...
Wu Li-Tzy LT Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
The racial/ethnic composition of the US population is shifting, with the nonwhite population growing faster than whites. We examined cannabis use disorder (CUD) prevalences and correlates in seven racial/ethnic groups. We included cannabis use (CU) prevalence as a comparison. Data were from the 2005-2011 National Surveys on Drug Use and ...
Liu Zhijin Z Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Biological Conservation, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, - - 2013
We collected fecal samples of white-headed langurs from 3 of the 4 remaining habitat fragments (Fa, Fb and CZ) located in southwestern Guangxi, China in Nov 2005, and used 5 microsatellite loci and the SRY gene to assess the relatedness between 46 langurs within and between groups. We observed 2 ...
Wang Xiaowei X Institute of Zoology, Shaanxi Academy of Sciences, Xi'an, - - 2013
Group living provides various advantages to individuals in regards to protection avoidance, intergroup competition, productive success and social information. Stable one-male units (OMUs) consist of relationships between the adult females and the resident male as well as the relationships among adult females. Based on continuous observation of a reproductive group ...
Huang Bei B State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan, China; Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, - - 2013
Black crested gibbons (Nomascus concolor) are 1 of only 3 gibbon species that have been observed in long-term polygynous groups, but their mating behavior and reproductive characters have never been reported. Based on population monitoring over 7 years and direct observation for 26 months of the study groups in Wuliang ...
Zhao Dapeng D Tianjin Key Laboratory of Animal and Plant Resistance, College of Life Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, China; College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, Xi'an, - - 2013
Inter-group conflicts are common among many group-living animals and involve potentially complex motivations and interactions. Mammals living in multilevel societies offer a good opportunity to study inter-group conflicts. This study is the first to explore the function of sex-specific participation during inter-group conflicts within a multilevel society at the individual ...
Sciandra Matthew M National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, - - 2013
Using data from a randomized experiment, to examine whether moving youth out of areas of concentrated poverty, where a disproportionate amount of crime occurs, prevents involvement in crime. We draw on new administrative data from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's Moving to Opportunity (MTO) experiment. MTO families ...
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