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Results 401 - 450 of 4613
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Kopydlowski Nathan J NJ University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
This cadaveric study aimed to determine if acetabular retroversion demonstrates predictable changes with age that could inform understanding of factors that may contribute to the pathophysiology of femoroacetabular impingement. Two-hundred forty pelves were divided into young and old groups. Version was measured at the cranial (5mm below superior rim), central ...
Ma Jingbo J State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, - - 2014
Compared with dairy and beef cattle, few data are available on the occurrence and distribution of Cryptosporidium species in yaks, which live in a very different habitat. In this study, 327 fecal specimens were collected from yaks in 4 counties in Qinghai Province of China and screened for Cryptosporidium by ...
Persson Ingemar I Enheten för läkemedelssäkerhet, Medical Products - - 2014
'We thank Lars Andersson for his relevant and important query regarding the numbers of T1D cases observed from the Patient Registry in our study population. We probed the reasons for the discrepant numbers by age groups as compared with the SWEDIABKIDS registry and considered the possible consequences for the interpretation ...
Pan Ling-Yen LY Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Villa Grand-Montfleury, Chemin du Grand-Montfleury 48, 1290, Versoix, - - 2014
The significance of physical activity has been noticed. However, the dynamic change and the heterogeneity of physical activity patterns among older people are little explored. This study aimed to identify the trajectory patterns of engaging in physical activity over time and its related factors. Nationally representative four-wave panel data from ...
Okamura Takuma T Department of Gastroenterology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, - - 2014
Eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) at a younger age is considered to be effective in preventing gastric cancer. This study assessed the characteristics of eradication therapy in young patients. We enrolled 1073 patients with H. pylori infection between 2000 and 2013. The subjects were divided into three groups according to age ...
Fraser Lorna K LK 1Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, - - 2014
Background:Numbers of children and young people with life-limiting conditions are rising, and increasing lifespans require young adults with life-limiting condition to transit to appropriate adult services.Aim:To describe the prevalence of life-limiting condition in children and young adults by age, sex, diagnostic group, ethnicity and deprivation.Design:A secondary analysis of the English ...
Dotzauer Mandy M a University Medical Center Groningen , Department of Neurology, Neuropsychology Unit , Hanzeplein 1, AB 60, 9700 RB Groningen, Netherlands . m.dotzauer@umcg.nl , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: An Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) provided information about speed limits, speed, speeding, and following distance. Information was presented to the participants by means of a head up display (HUD). Methods: Effects of the information on speed and headway control were studied in a longer-term driving simulator study ...
Artis Monica L - - 2014
The African malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, needs surface water in order to lay their eggs. In many parts of Africa, there are dry periods varying from days to months in length when suitable larval sites are not available and female mosquitoes experience oviposition-site deprivation (OSD). Previous studies have shown that ...
Richard Stephanie A SA Program in Global Disease Epidemiology and Control, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Heath, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, - - 2014
Diarrhea and linear growth faltering continue to burden low-income countries and are among the most important contributors to poor health during early childhood. Diarrhea is thought to adversely affect linear growth, but catch-up growth can occur if no additional insults are experienced. We sought to characterize catch-up growth in relation ...
Fukuda Hiroyuki H From the Gastroenterological Center (H.F., K.N., S. Moriya, Y.S., T.I., A.N., M.K., M.M., K.T.), Department of Gastroenterology (S. Maeda), Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology (K.S., S. Morita), and Clinical Research Coordinating Center (K.S., S. Morita, K.T.), Yokohama City University Medical Center, 4-57 Urafune-cho, Minami-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 232-0024, - - 2014
Purpose To retrospectively compare radiofrequency ablation (RFA) combined with the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib (hereafter, sorafenib-RFA) and RFA alone in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained. Between January 2007 and December 2011, 16 patients (mean age, 72.8 years; age ...
Sanchez-Salcedo Pablo P Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), although frequent in older individuals, can also occur at younger age; this latter population has not been well described.We reviewed the functional progression of 1708 patients with COPD attending pulmonary clinics. Those with three or more annual spirometries were divided into those who, at enrolment, ...
Pinna A A Laboratory of Veterinary Bacteriology, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ 24210-130, - - 2014
The objective was to investigate potential differences between two Leptospira serovars, host-adapted (Bratislava) and incidental (Copenhageni), in causing reproductive disorders in mares. From August 2009 to March 2011, 608 adult recipient mares from eight studs located in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were screened for leptospirosis. These mares ...
Justice Jamie N JN 354 UCB, Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado Boulder, CO, 80309-0354, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Declines in neuromuscular function, including measures of mobility, muscle strength, steadiness, and patterns of muscle activation, accompany advancing age and are often associated with reduced quality of life and mortality. Paradoxically, older adults are less fatigable than young adults in some tasks. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Grygorowicz M M Rehasport Clinic, Poznan, Poland, Poznan, - - 2014
However the isokinetic strength is well described in the literature, there is still little know about the relative isokinetic strength values in sub-elite and elite soccer players of both sexes. One has to remember that this value should be regarded as one of critical sport-return criteria in case of the ...
Halicioglu Koray K Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, - - 2014
The objective of the following study is to investigate the mandibular vertical asymmetry in a group of patients with early unilateral mandibular first molar extractions. Mandibular asymmetry index measurements (condylar, ramal and condylar-plus-ramal) were performed on the panoramic radiographs of a study group including 51 patients (mean age: 18.60 ± ...
Hodder Joanne N JN Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Coactivation of the knee extensors and flexors increases knee joint contact forces, which may lead to degradation of the articular surfaces. This study investigated the effect of neuromuscular fatigue induced by submaximal, repetitive, dynamic contractions on coactivation of knee musculature in young and middle-aged women. Data from 10 young women ...
Rosa Luana Araujo Cruz LA Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
To study the absolute latencies of waves I , III and V and interpeak I-III , III-V and I-V of Auditory brainstem responses obtained in preterm newborns in relation to post-conceptual age, term newborns and six months of age infants, establishing reference values ​​for each age group. Retrospective study realized ...
Rost M M Linköping University, Linköping, - - 2014
Knowledge is lacking about the associations between sport injuries and components of the female athlete triad. To assess the prevalence of amenorrhea in elite female athletics athletes and if athletes with history of amenorrhea are at higher injury risk than athletes with regular menstrual cycles or on combined oral contraceptives. ...
Benton Melissa J MJ Beth-El College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Colorado Colorado Springs, Colorado Springs, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of age on quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors after resistance training, 20 women were assigned to 1 of 2 groups based on age (YRT 40-59 yr, ORT 60-80 yr). Both groups completed 3 sets of 8 exercises twice a week for 8 wk. ...
Gautrey C C University College Birmingahm, Birmingham, United - - 2014
Centre of pressure (COP) excursions have been repeatedly investigated in sufferers of functional ankle instability (FAI). No study to date has analysed COP excursions in a subconscious time frame. The average fastest reaction time in young males has been identified as 200 ms, therefore anything prior to this would be ...
Saville Paul D PD Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Interpersonal feedback from coaches may be instrumental in the formation of children's self-efficacy to learn or perform sport skills. We report on two studies that explored perceived sources of self-efficacy and relation-inferred self-efficacy (RISE) in one-on-one interviews with sport camp participants (N = 61; ages 7-12) and focus groups with ...
Mackay Megan M School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Wits, 2050, South - - 2014
Abstract Early separation from a family is stressful for young mammals, but might be more stressful for group-living than solitary species. Using juvenile males of three African striped mice Rhabdomys taxa that are either group (R. pumilio) or solitary (R. dilectus dilectus and R. d. chakae) living, we predicted greater ...
Canigur Bavbek N N Department of Orthodontics Faculty of Dentistry, Gazi University, Ankara, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare the soft tissue changes influenced by reverse headgear therapy with (RHg+RME) or without (RHg) rapid maxillary expansion with each other and with an untreated Class III control group (C). Study design: RHg group (10 girls, 6 boys, mean chronological age 11.1 years), ...
Esparza-Ros F F Chair of Sport Traumatology. University of San Antonio of Murcia, Murcia, - - 2014
Kyphotic postures in both thoracic and lumbar curves have been associated to increased shear and compressive forces in the intervertebral joints. Hamstring extensibility influences pelvic, thoracic and lumbar curvatures when trunk bending movements are performed. Some studies have found higher hamstring muscle extensibility in dancers than other athletes. To classify ...
Dingenen B B KU Leuven Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Group, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, Leuven, - - 2014
Despite recent advances in rehabilitation and secondary prevention strategies after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), re-injury rates remain high and long-term outcomes are often disappointing. Deficits in postural stability are shown to be important. To evaluate postural stability during the transition from double-leg stance to single-leg stance in ACLR and ...
Kosenko P M PM Far-Eastern State Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Khabarovsk, Russia, - - 2014
We studied age-specific features of peripheral electrogastroenterography (PEGEG) parameters and their influence on the assessment of findings. In 28 individuals divided into "young" (mean age 21.4 ± 2.7 years) and "elderly" (63.0 ± 7.2 years) subgroups, parameters of PEGEG were analyzed by comparing the group mean values (Mann-Whitney test) and ...
Walker M M Sports Cardiology Centre, St George's Hospital, London, United - - 2014
Despite the growing popularity of triathlon, very few studies have assessed the casualty incidence and profile during races. The World Triathlon Championships in London offered the opportunity to observe this at the largest triathlon ever held. This study describes the profile of casualties sustained across a five day triathlon event. ...
Monaco Annalisa - - 2014
Recently, it has been proposed that obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is characterized by an imbalance in autonomic nervous tone. Pupil size has been considered a valid test for studying the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Pupillometry is a simple and non-invasive tool to assess the size and dynamics of the ...
Sharma Era R ER Department of Psychiatry, Bharati Vidyapeeth University Medical College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
The quest to unravel the mysteries of schizophrenia has led to immense research in this area over the years. Previously schizophrenia was considered to strictly be an early onset disorder. However, the heralding of baby boomers, with a subsequent surge in the elderly population, has led to growing curiosity in ...
Al Taki Amjad A Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, Ajman University of Science and Technology, Ajman, United Arab - - 2014
The objective of this study is to assess the differences in facial profile preference among different layers of people in the United Arab Emirates. Facial profile self-awareness among the different groups was also evaluated. A total sample of 222 participants (mean [standard deviation] age = 25.71 [8.3] years, almost 80% ...
Loudon Janice K JK 1Division of Physical Therapy, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina; 2Sport and Spine, Overland Park, Kansas; and 3Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, University of Kansas, Kansas City, - - 2014
Loudon, JK, Parkerson-Mitchell, AJ, Hildebrand, LD, and Teague, C. Functional movement screen scores in a group of running athletes. J Strength Cond Res 28(4): 909-913, 2014-The purpose of this study was to determine the mean values of the functional movement screen (FMS) in a group of long-distance runners. The secondary ...
Miret Marta M Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM, Spain; Department of Psychiatry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain; Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitario de La Princesa, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IP), Madrid, - - 2014
Little is known about whether the prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts has changed in the wake of the economic crisis. The aim of this study was to estimate current prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts in the general population in Spain, to compare it with the prevalence found before ...
Cho Kang Hee KH Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of asymptomatic back muscle weakness and spinal deformity on low back pain (LBP). Sixty healthy subjects without LBP participated in this study. Radiography and an isokinetic/isometric dynamometer were used to respectively measure spinal scoliosis/lordosis and the strength of the trunk flexors/extensors. After 2 years, 48 subjects ...
Crisco Joseph J JJ Bioengineering Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedics, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the batting cage performance of wood and nonwood baseball bats used at the youth level. Three wood and ten nonwood bats were swung by 22 male players (13 to 18 years old) in a batting cage equipped with a 3-dimensional motion capture ...
Zaghal Zaid Ali ZA *Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, and †Department of Diagnostic Radiology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, - - 2014
To identify the relationship between the vertical portion of the facial nerve and the tympanic annulus, using computed tomographic (CT) scans of healthy adult and pediatric patients. A retrospective review of CT scans. The study was conducted in a tertiary referral medical center. After excluding ears with noted pathology, a ...
Schuth G G Semmelweis University Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Budapest, - - 2014
The strength profile of the hamstrings is reported to be important to prevent strain and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. There is little information about the functional state of muscles around the knee in young soccer players. To determine the differences in the characteristics of knee extensors and flexors in ...
Ponciano-Rodriguez Guadalupe G 1 Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Departamentos de Farmacología y Salud Pública, México, D.F., Mexico - - 2014
Abstract Aim: We aimed to examine the prevalence of early changes in some components of metabolic syndrome after smoking cessation. Methods: Forty-eight heavy smokers from the Tobacco Cessation Clinic (24 women/24 men), average age of 49.4 years, were included in this study. They smoked a mean of 19.92 cigarettes per ...
Barry Lisa C LC 1Center on Aging, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, - - 2014
The prevalence of co-occurring mental illness and poor physical functioning among inmates, and whether there are differences according to age or gender, is largely unknown. Of the 315 new inmate admissions into Connecticut's jails with a current psychiatric diagnosis, 97 (30.9%) had poor physical function. Compared with inmates aged 18 ...
Sarkar S R SR Dr Santana Rani Sarkar, Thesis Part Student of M Phil Microbiology, Mymensingh Medical College (MMC), Mymensingh, - - 2014
Childhood diarrhea represents a major public health problem in developing countries, where campylobacteriosis is widespread and causes significant morbidity and mortality in infants and children. Despite the increasing importance of campylobacteriosis, most developing countries and even many developed countries do not have surveillance systems to measure the health and economic ...
Son Hyung Min HM Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, Ulsan, - - 2014
This study was performed to evaluate occupational and fall injuries presenting to the ED, the risk factors associated with falls among all occupational injuries, and factors affecting prognosis. Data from ED-based Occupational Injury Surveillance System were analysed to investigate the occupational injuries. The 2147 occupational injury subjects were divided into ...
Shin Young-Chul YC From the Department of Psychiatry (YCS, SWL), Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Department of Psychiatry, Gangnam Eulji Hospital, Eulji Addiction Institute, and Department of Addiction Rehabilitation and Social welfare (SWC), Eulji University, Korea; Department of Psychiatry (JH), Sejong General Hospital, Bucheon, Korea; Eulji Addiction Institute (JYM), Eulji University, Korea; Department of Psychiatry (JSC), SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea; and Department of Psychiatry (DJK), Seoul St Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
This study examined differences in the clinical and treatment-related features of pathological gambling (PG) on the basis of the age of PG onset among pathological gamblers who sought treatment. A total of 702 male outpatients with a primary diagnosis of PG and who were treated in a clinical practice were ...
Rahman M A MA Dr Mohammad Ashfaqur Rahman, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Jahirul Islam Medical College, Bajitpur, Kishoregonj, - - 2014
Appendicitis is the most common clinical condition of the appendix. Many cases of acute appendicitis result from obstruction of the lumen of the appendix by lymphoid hyperplasia. The vermiform appendix is a worm-like, closed-ended, narrow, small tubular structure, projecting from posteromedial wall of cecum. It is an integral part of ...
Kurita Kazuki K Department of Zoology, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwakecho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, - - 2014
We assessed the historical biogeography of the Ryukyu five-lined skink, Plestiodon marginatus, and related species (P. stimpsonii and P. elegans). Our specific aims were to reveal the origin, tim- ing, and route of the colonization to three volcanic islands in the northern Tokara Group of the northern Ryukyus: Kuchinoshima, Nakanoshima, ...
Bilaniuk Jaroslaw W JW Department of Surgery, Morristown Medical Center, Morristown, New Jersey, - - 2014
Patients with equestrian injuries were identified in the trauma registry from 2004 to 2007. We a priori divided patients into three groups: 0 to 18 years, 19 to 49 years, and 50 years old or older. There were 284 patients identified with equestrian-related trauma. Injury Severity Score for the three ...
Stretch R R Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth, South - - 2014
Injury surveillance is fundamental to understanding, preventing and reducing the risk of injury. The objective was to determine the incidence of injuries sustained by elite schoolboy cricketers over five-seasons in order to identify risk factors. Ethics approval for this study was obtained. Participants were required to complete questionnaires relating to ...
Sannicandro I I Degree Course in Motor and Sport Science, University of Foggia, - - 2014
Functional asymmetries of the lower limbs(FA) have been recognised as a potential source of injury risk of in soccer players;moreover a difference in strength performance between the lower limbs exceeding 15% is considered an injury risk factor. Preventative strategies should be integrated into young football player training regimes. Table 1.Young ...
Barchetti F F Department of Radiology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. - - 2014
To assess bone density of kneecaps in subjects with femoro-tibial prothesis before and after surgery by means of DEXA examination. We examined 34 patients with unilateral femoro-tibial prosthesis, 20 healthy subjects of the same age and non-carriers of knee replacement and 14 healthy young adult subjects. All the data sets ...
Weihing Jeffrey J University of Louisville, Department of Surgery, Division of Communicative Disorders, Louisville, - - 2014
Auditory-evoked potentials (EPs) provide a more objective assessment of central auditory nervous system (CANS) dysfunction when compared to behavioral measures because they do not require a behavioral response (Anderson and Kraus, 2010). In this regard, the middle latency response (MLR) has been considered an important component of CANS assessment (Jerger ...
Matsui Yasumoto Y Department of Advanced Medicine (Orthopedic - - 2014
To investigate the association of grip strength and activities of daily living independence in older adults, using a newly-developed grip strength measuring device. Patients who visited the clinic for memory disorders at the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology (142 men and 205 women, mean age 74.8 ± 8.8 years) were included ...
Boralevi Franck F Pediatric Dermatology Unit, Hôpital Pellegrin-enfants, Bordeaux University Hospital, Bordeaux, - - 2014
Scabies has a clinical presentation that seems to vary according to age. We conducted a prospective study with the goal of delineating the clinical presentation of the disease into 3 groups of age: infants, <2 years; children, 2 to 15 years; and adults, >15 years. This trial was a prospective, ...
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