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Mueller S S Haptic Research Laboratory, Medical Faculty, Paul-Flechsig-Institute for Brain Research, University of Leipzig, Johannisallee 34, 04103, Leipzig, - - 2014
Extensive use of sensorimotor properties has been shown to lead to use-dependent plasticity in the human motor cortex as well as sensory areas. The sensory consequences of these cortical changes, however, remain widely unclear. We were interested whether job-related long-term haptic training is measurable in terms of changes in haptic ...
Merola Jf J 1Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2014
ObjectivesThe objective of this paper is to determine the effect of clinical and laboratory manifestations, and medication prescribing, on survival according to patient age at diagnosis in a large academic systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cohort.MethodsWe identified SLE patients with a diagnosis at age ≥18, seen between 1970 through 2011, and ...
Lei Ting T Department of Ultrasonic Medicine, Fetal Medical Centre, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
To assess the fetal conus medullaris (CM) position with three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography and its use in detecting and diagnosing spina bifida occulta (SBO). We examined 150 normal fetuses (gestational age, 20-38 weeks) and 14 fetuses with SBO. All fetuses underwent prenatal 3D ultrasonography and the CM position in relation to the ...
Huang Jennifer T JT Dermatology Program, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Ichthyoses comprise a heterogeneous array of skin conditions resulting from impairment of cornification. Although ear structures can be affected, ear-related symptoms have never been investigated in patients with ichthyosis. In this pilot survey study, our aim was to determine the frequency of ear symptoms, hearing loss, and related medical interventions ...
Sato N N Biological Science Laboratories, Kao Corporation, Ichikai, Tochigi, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Despite our understanding that the care of back and buttock skin is important for elderly nursing patients, the stratum corneum (SC) functions of the skin on the trunk of elderly patients have not been well investigated. Methods: Overall, 41 elderly subjects (average age: 75.9 years, 20 male and 21 ...
Oh Jiwon J Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins - - 2014
Spinal cord (SC) pathology is common in multiple sclerosis (MS), and measures of SC-atrophy are increasingly utilized. Normalization reduces biological variation of structural measurements unrelated to disease, but optimal parameters for SC volume (SCV)-normalization remain unclear. Using a variety of normalization factors and clinical measures, we assessed the effect of ...
Kawabe Yuri Y Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Kyoto Women's - - 2014
Aim: To examine the relationship between the type of work and the number of metabolic syndrome diagnostic components(MetS-DC), as well as the risk of MetS, with adjustment for lifestyle habits in Japanese workers. Methods: We examined the baseline data from 4,427 participants(81.4% male) aged 19 to 69 years old. The ...
Barclay Ruth R Department of Physical Therapy, School of Medical Rehabilitation, University of Manitoba, R106-771 McDermot Ave, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E 0T6. Electronic address: - - 2014
To prospectively consider evidence for response shift (RS) in health-related quality of life (HRQL) in older men who experienced stroke or remained stroke free. RS is a change in the meaning of self-evaluation; this includes recalibration, reprioritization, and reconceptualization. A cohort of 3,983 male World War II Royal Canadian Air ...
Cao Xu-Sheng XS Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Lab, Beijing, - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate choroidal thickness in patients with idiopathic choroidal neovascularization. Methods: The observational case series study included patients who were consecutively diagnosed with idiopathic unilateral choroidal neovascularization as demonstrated by ophthalmoscopy, fluorescein angiography and enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). Using EDI-OCT, choroidal thickness was measured at the ...
Durmaz Erdem E Mersin State Hospital, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Mersin, Turkey. E-ma-il: - - 2014
Objective: Bisphenol A (BPA) is an industrial chemical, particularly used to harden plastics. BPA is thought to have negative health effects on both laboratory animals and humans. Consider ing the decline in age of onset of puberty noted in recent years, particularly among girls, the importance of BPA as an ...
Stam Mariska M * Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, section Audiology, VU University Medical Center and EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research , Amsterdam , The - - 2014
Objectives: To investigate the occurrence of 27 chronic medical conditions in a cohort of adults with and without hearing impairment, and to examine the association between these conditions and hearing ability. Design: The National Longitudinal Study on Hearing (NL-SH study) is a large prospective study among adults aged 18 to ...
Johnstone John J CIS, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 125 Campbell, 1300 University Blvd, Birmingham, 35213, United - - 2014
Purpose: This study explores variation in the axial location of Bruch's membrane opening (BMO) to determine if this reference plane varies with age and race. Participants: 168 SDOCT optic nerve head volumes obtained from healthy subjects were manually delineated within twenty-four axial slices to develop point clouds for Bruch's membrane ...
Aspinall P J PJ University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Smoking is the leading risk factor for disability-adjusted life-years, yet evidence with which to establish the smoking rates of people with different ethnic backgrounds and how they are changing in relation to recent migration is lacking. The objective is to provide current information on the changing risk profiles of the ...
O Dea Jennifer A - - 2014
The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity increased during the 1980s to the late 1990s. The prevalence of obesity is higher in socially and economically disadvantaged communities in most Westernised countries. The purpose of this study was to examine how the socioeconomic gradient in weight status, namely thinness, overweight and ...
Pearce Alan John AJ Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia ; - - 2014
This study investigated corticomotor excitability and inhibition, cognitive functioning and fine motor dexterity in retired elite and amateur Australian football (AF) players, who had sustained concussions during their playing careers. Forty male AF players who played at the elite level (n=20; mean age 49.7 ± 5.7 years) or amateur level ...
Robertson Janet - - 2014
People with intellectual disability have significantly higher age-adjusted rates of mortality and morbidity (including obesity) than their non-disabled peers. They are also significantly less likely to be physically active. Secondary analysis of de-identified cross-sectional data from the first two waves of Understanding Society, a new longitudinal study focusing on the ...
Orishimo Karl F KF Nicholas Institute of Sports Medicine and Athletic Trauma, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, New York, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:The incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries among dancers is much lower than among team sport athletes, and no clear disparity between sexes has been reported in the dance population. Although numerous studies have observed differences in landing biomechanics of the lower extremity between male and female team sport ...
Lin Jean-Pierre JP Complex Motor Disorders Service, Evelina London Children's Hospital, Guy's & St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, , London, - - 2014
The impact of dystonia in childhood is poorly understood. We report our experience of referrals between 2005 and 2012. Of 294/315 assessable children, 15/294 had pure spasticity, leaving 279/294 with dystonia classified as primary (30/279: 10.7%); primary-plus (19/279: 6.8%) and secondary (230/279: 82.4%) dystonia, including heredodegenerative dystonia (29/279: 10.3%); 150/279 (53.7%) with cerebral palsy ...
Camilon P Ryan PR Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, - - 2014
Objective: To determine if elderly patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) are receiving less treatment and to evaluate the benefit of aggressive therapy in this population. Study Design: Retrospective analysis of a large population database Methods: Patients in the SEER database with OPSCC diagnosed from 2004 to 2009 were ...
Patil Yashwant Pandharinath YP 1J.D.M.V.P. Cooperative Samaj's Arts, Commerce and Science College, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate zonal and state-wise prevalence and risk factors of undernutrition among Indian men in the age-group of 15 to 54 years based on sampled data of 74,369 respondents from the National Family Health Survey-3. A common anthropometric measure, body mass index, is used ...
Kar Taner T Department of Ophthalmology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Uskudar - - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the effect of chronic cigarette smoking on lens density by Pentacam HR lens densitometry in young adults.Methods: Sixty chronic smokers who smoked at least 10 cigarettes per day for at least 2 years and 60 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects were included in this prospective cross-sectional, ...
Han Benjamin H BH Division of Geriatric Medicine and Palliative Care, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, BCD612, New York, NY, 10016, USA, - - 2014
Falls are common events that threaten the independence and health of older adults. Studies have found a wide range of fall statistics in different ethnic and racial groups throughout the world. These studies suggest that fall rates may differ between different racial and ethnic groups. Studies also suggest that the ...
Funaki Yukiha Y Orthodontic Science, Department of Orofacial Development and Function, Division of Oral Health Science, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8549, - - 2014
Nasal obstruction during growth changes craniofacial morphology and function. However, the etiological mechanisms of these changes are unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of nasal obstruction during growth on the maturation of the jaw-opening reflex (JOR) using an electrophysiological technique. We focused on the ...
Fumagalli Stefano S ICU, Geriatric Cardiology and Medicine Unit, University of Florence and AOU Careggi, Florence, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heart failure (HF) is a common condition in elderly patients. Despite great improvements in medical therapy, HF mortality remains high. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) significantly lengthens the survival rate of subjects with severe HF, but little evidence exists on its effect in elderly persons. Aim of this study was to ...
Zimmer Zachary Z Correspondence should be addressed to Zachary Zimmer, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California San Francisco, Laurel Heights Campus, Box 0612, San Francisco, CA 94143-0612. E-mail: - - 2014
Objectives. Identify common trajectories of physical functional limitation and mortality among Taiwanese 50 and older as they age, link these to underlying transitions in onset, recovery, and mortality, and assess associations between trajectories and a set of risk factors. Method. Longitudinal data from 4 waves of the Survey of Health ...
Bauer Corinna M CM Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Boston University School of Medicine, 700 Albany St W701, Boston, MA, 02118, USA, - - 2014
The contrast between gray and white matter in MRI is critical for accurately measuring cortical thickness. The gray/white matter intensity ratio (GWIR) has been proposed to be an important adjustment factor for cortical thickness measures in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This study examined the GWIR and ...
Stewart Tanya Charyk TC From the Trauma Program (T.C.S.), London Health Science Centre; Departments of Surgery (T.C.S.) Geography (J.G.), Pediatrics (J.G., D.D.F.), and Physiology and Pharmacology (D.D.F.), and School of Health Studies (J.G.), The University of Western Ontario; Children's Health Research Institute (J.G., D.D.F.); and Centre for Critical Illness Research (D.D.F.), London, Ontario, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of concussions presenting to the emergency department (ED). A retrospective cohort of concussions for pediatric (age < 18 years) patients treated in the ED of a regional pediatric Level 1 trauma center from 2006 to 2011 was examined. Descriptive and ...
Shiraj Sahar S 1 Department of Radiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave, Cincinnati, OH - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the T2 spatial variation of patellar cartilage is different between children and young adults with open and closed physes. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Fifty-two subjects in two age ranges were included; 13 girls and 13 boys from 5 to 11 years ...
Strauss S S * Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, University of Pretoria , South - - 2014
Abstract Objective and design: This retrospective cohort study aimed to describe the differential effect of noise exposure and age-related hearing loss in a large sample of gold miners in South Africa. Study sample: Audiological data of 40 123 South African mine workers were investigated. Data of a non-noise-exposed control group ...
Swinkels Raymond A H M RA *Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Zuyd University of Applied Sciences, Heerlen, the Netherlands †Zuyd University of Applied Sciences, Centre of Research Autonomy and Participation for People with Chronic Illnesses, Heerlen, the Netherlands and ‡Centre for Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Geldrop, the - - 2014
Cohort study. To generate normal values for active range of motion (ACROM) of the cervical spine in asymptomatic persons. There is a lack of normal values for ACROM based on large groups and stratified for different age categories. Four hundred asymptomatic persons were included, 100 for each decade of age ...
Meyer Anna H AH Private practice, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
This study was designed to assess the influence that the buccal corridor might have on the frontal facial attractiveness of subjects who had received orthodontic treatment with or without 4 premolar extractions. Posttreatment full-face frontal smiling photographs of 30 premolar extraction and 27 nonextraction patients were evaluated by 20 orthodontists, ...
Caperell Kerry K From the *Department of Pediatrics, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY; and †University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Headache is a common pediatric complaint. Our experience indicated that there was a seasonal variation in children seeking emergency department (ED) care for headache. We hypothesized that visits to the ED would be more common during the school year compared with that during the summer months. Electronic medical record data ...
Middleton Paul Macconachie PM Discipline of Emergency Medicine, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, 2006, - - 2014
Since their emergence from the operating theatre over a decade ago, supra-glottic airways (SGA) have become increasingly common in the management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOHCA) with laryngeal masks (LM) the most common SGA. The proliferation of LMs in the prehospital setting has occurred despite lower than expected rates of ...
Besenyi Gina M GM Department of Health Promotion, Education and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to explore the spatial relationship between park availability and chronic health conditions (CHCs) across age groups in Kansas City, MO. Multinomial logistic regression examined the association between having a park within one-half mile from home and the likelihood of having 0, 1, or 2 ...
Alba Marco A MA From Department of Autoimmune Diseases (MAA, GE) and Department of Epidemiology Medicine (CV), Hospital Clínic, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Barcelona, Catalonia; Department of Internal Medicine (CPS, VF), Hospital Vall d´Hebron, Barcelona; Department of Internal Medicine (LT), Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Asturias; Department of Internal Medicine (MVE), Hospital de Cruces, Barakaldo, Vizcaya; Department of Internal Medicine (LS), Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza; Department of Collagenosis and Pulmonary Hypertension (MJC), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocio, Sevilla; Department of Internal Medicine (JLC), Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada; Department of Internal Medicine (MTC), Hospital Regional Universitario Carlos Haya, Málaga; Department of Internal Medicine (CT), Corporacíon Sanitaria Universitaria Parc Taulí, Sabadell, Barcelona; Department of Internal Medicine (JJR), Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid; Department of Internal Medicine (MF), Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Vigo, Vigo, Pontevedra; Department of Internal Medicine (JAV), Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, - - 2014
Peak age at onset of systemic sclerosis (SSc) is between 20 and 50 years, although SSc is also described in both young and elderly patients. We conducted the present study to determine if age at disease onset modulates the clinical characteristics and outcome of SSc patients. The Spanish Scleroderma Study ...
Guedes Maryse M Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, - - 2014
Recent studies have reported that primiparous women of advanced maternal age (AMA) appear to constitute a heterogeneous group, emphasizing the need to revise stereotyped views. The aims of this study were the following: 1) to describe the sociodemographic and marital characteristics of Portuguese couples who experienced first childbirth at advanced ...
Li Wei W Department of Immunology and Pathogenic Biology, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Yanta West Road No. 76, 710061 Xi'an, - - 2014
To determine whether the composition and structure of skin microbiota differ with age, cutaneous bacteria were isolated from the axillary fossa of 37 healthy human adults in two age groups (old people and young adults). Bacterial genomic DNA was extracted and characterized by nested PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) with ...
Krampe Ralf T RT Department of Psychology, University of - - 2014
To determine potential benefits of intensive leisure sports for age-related changes in postural control, we tested 3 activity groups comprising 70 young (M = 21.67 years, SD = 2.80) and 73 older (M = 62.60 years, SD = 5.19) men. Activity groups were martial artists, who held at least 1st ...
Pagán-Collazo Grace J - - 2014
To estimate the prevalence of hypodontia in a group of 10- to 14-year-olds from a group of orthodontic clinics in Puerto Rico. A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of hypodontia in 10- to 14-year-olds from orthodontic clinics located in each of 9 regions (as determined by the ...
Salomão Roberta R University of São Paulo (USP-RP), Ribeirão Preto, - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease (CVD), specifically from atherosclerosis, is one of major cause of morbidity and mortality in SLE. Given their lifelong exposure to atherogenic risk factors, children and adolescents with SLE are at particularly high risk of developing premature atherosclerosis and are therefore ideal candidates for primary prevention. Nutritional and metabolic ...
Birch Rebecca J RJ Cancer Epidemiology Group, University of Leeds , Leeds, United Kingdom - - 2014
Purpose: Little is known about the factors that influence the place of inpatient care for teenage and young adult (TYA) cancer patients. Recent guidelines have recommended centralization of care for this group to a small number of specialized centers. This study aimed to investigate the influence of geography and travel ...
Geijer Justin R - - 2014
Abstract Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) or Down syndrome (DS) may be at greater risk of osteoporosis. The purpose of this study was to compare bone mineral density (BMD) of DS, ID, and non-intellectually disabled (NID) populations. In each group, 33 participants between the ages of 28 and 60 years were ...
Barriuso-Lapresa Laura M LM Consejería de Sanidad y Política Social. Región de - - 2014
Introduction: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is one of the most frequently used screening test for children and adolescents mental health (MH). In 2006, the Spanish National Health Survey included the child&#8217;s MH section through the SDQ version for parents. Objective: To obtain reference values of the SDQparents Spanish ...
Takaoka Hiroyuki - - 2014
Simulium (Gomphostilbia) piroonae sp. nov. is described on the basis of females, males, pupae, and mature larvae collected in Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand. This new species is placed in the chumpornense subgroup of the varicorne species-group in the subgenus Gomphostilbia by having the antenna with eight flagellomeres, the pleural ...
Abe Yota Y Graduate School of Health Sciences, Gunma University, Japan ; Department of Rehabilitation, Gunma University Hospital, - - 2014
[Purpose] This study aimed to validate the postural control characteristics of individuals with a history of ankle sprain during single leg standing by using a gravicorder and head and foot accelerometry. [Subjects] Twenty subjects with and 23 subjects without a history of ankle sprain (sprain and control groups, respectively) participated. ...
Seo Su Ra SR Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. ; Health Insurance Policy Research Institute, National Health Insurance Service, Seoul, - - 2014
To date, studies have not comprehensively demonstrated the relationship between stroke incidence and socioeconomic status. This study investigated stroke incidence by household income level in conjunction with age, sex, and stroke subtype in Korea. Contributions by the head of household were used as the basis for income levels. Household income ...
Carnaghi Andrea - - 2014
According to the Spatial Agency Bias (SAB), more agentic groups (men) are envisioned to the left of less agentic groups (women). This research investigated the role of social status in shaping the spatial representation of gender couples. Participants were presented pairs consisting of one male and one female target who ...
Kohli Monika V MV Private Practitioner, The Cure Orthodontic Clinic , Sama, Vadodara, Gujarat, India - - 2014
Background: Feeding mode during infancy and its effect on deciduous tooth appearance in oral cavity in two generations and among genders. Aim and Objective: Study aimed to compare and correlate times and patterns of deciduous tooth eruption in breastfeeding (OBF), partial breastfeeding (PBF) and spoon feeding (SF) infants and initiation ...
Govindraju Poornima P Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital , India - - 2014
Introduction: Osteoporosis is a regressive change which occurs in the bone and it is seldom diagnosed before the occurrence of fractures. Hence, determination of mandibular bone density is of paramount importance for the detection of this silent disease. Aims and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ...
Celik Murat M Murat Celik, Department of Cardiology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, School of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2014
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and QT dispersion (QTd) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Sixty patients(mean age 62.72 ± 12.48 years) included 46 male, (mean age 60.89 ± 12.70 years)and 14 female (mean age 68.71± 9.86 years) were enrolled ...
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