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Ram Pradhum P Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal University, - - 2014
Acute poisoning in children is a problem ubiquitous in distribution and is an important paediatric emergency. The present research was aimed to study the pattern and outcome of childhood poisoning under the age of 15 years at a tertiary care centre in South India to characterize the problem of acute ...
Mizuta Masanobu M Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, - - 2014
Objectives: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are associated with aging. Astaxanthin is a strong antioxidant and has been reported to prevent various ROS-induced diseases. In the current study, we investigated the effect of astaxanthin on age-associated histological and mRNA changes of vocal folds. Study design: Prospective animal experiment with control. Methods: ...
Ryu Seon Young SY From the Department of Neurology (S.Y.R.), Daejeon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Departments of Radiology (S.Y.R., J.-P.C., H.D.R., D.H.S.) and Neurology (H.D.R.), Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston; Harvard-Massachusetts Institute of Technology Division of Health Sciences and Technology (J.-P.C), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge; and VA Boston Healthcare System (D.H.S.), Boston, - - 2014
To investigate the potential relationship between insulin resistance (IR) and white matter (WM) microstructure using diffusion tensor imaging in cognitively healthy middle-aged and older adults. Diffusion tensor imaging was acquired from 127 individuals (age range 41-86 years). IR was evaluated by the homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR). Participants were ...
Skoglund Pontus P Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Prehistoric population structure associated with the transition to an agricultural lifestyle in Europe remains contentious. Population-genomic data from eleven Scandinavian Stone-Age human remains suggest that hunter-gatherers had lower genetic diversity than farmers. Despite their close geographical proximity, the genetic differentiation between the two Stone-Age groups was greater than that observed ...
Xing Deyin D Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL - - 2014
Osteosarcoma occurs most commonly in children and young adults, with a historic second incidence peak in the elderly. Most studies have focused on those occurring in adolescence. Detailed information on descriptive features and prognostic factors in patients of different age groups is lacking. We analyzed 381 osteosarcomas diagnosed between 1973 ...
Pan Sarah S Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Drexel University School of Public Health, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
Underserved minorities are vulnerable to diagnostic delays and under-treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to understand knowledge and attitudes about PD among a racially/ethnically diverse group of community members. In the qualitative arm, ten homogeneous focus groups of 6 to 8 White, African-American and ...
Zammit Andrea R - - 2014
Cognitive function, psychosocial wellbeing and health are important domains of function. Consistencies and inconsistencies in patterns of wellbeing across these domains may be informative about wellbeing in old age and the ways it is manifested amongst individuals. In this study we investigated whether there were groups of individuals with different ...
Hoteit Maha M Calcium Metabolism and Osteoporosis Program, WHO Collaborating Center for Metabolic Bone Disorder, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, - - 2014
The aim of the current study is to investigate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in Lebanese subjects, its robust predictors, evaluate the relationship between 25 hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] and parathyroid hormone levels, and derive desirable vitamin D levels, based on a large hospital laboratory database spanning all age groups. ...
Vande Voort Jennifer L JL Genetic Epidemiology Research Branch in the Intramural Research Program at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) in Bethesda, - - 2014
The present study aims to compare the prevalence and clinical correlates of DSM-IV versus DSM-5-defined attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and subtypes in a nationally representative sample of US youth based on the age-of-onset criterion. The sample includes 1,894 participants 12 to 15 years of age from cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination ...
Robert Maud M Department of Digestive Surgery, Specialized and Integrated Center for Obesity Management, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, 5, place d'Arsonval, 69437, Lyon, France, - - 2014
Obesity prevalence increases in elderly population. Bariatric surgery has been underused in patients over 60 because of fears of complications and lower weight loss. We postulated worse outcomes in the elderly in comparison to young and middle-aged population 1 year after gastric bypass. We retrospectively analyzed gastric bypass outcomes in young ...
Lee Choong Hyun CH Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Dankook University, Cheonan, 330-714, South - - 2014
Dynamin (DNM) plays roles in membrane dynamics, vesicle formation, and transport. In the present study, we compared DNM-1 and DNM-2 protein expressions between the adult (postnatal month 6) and aged (postnatal month 24) gerbil hippocampus using immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis. DNM-1 and DNM-2 immunoreactivities were primarily observed in hippocampal ...
Simard Julia F JF Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; Division of Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
Objective: Worldwide prevalence estimates of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) range from 3-207 per 100,000 depending on region and population, SLE definition, case sources and other methodological considerations. We aimed to determine the prevalence of SLE in Sweden on January 1, 2010 using population-based registers. Methods: Linking multiple national registers we ...
Shin Soojeong S Department of Neurology, Dementia Center, Stroke Center, Ilsan hospital, National Health Insurance Service, Goyang-shi, Republic of - - 2014
Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) are considered to have a high risk for Alzheimer dementia (AD). Even high positive predictive values, however, cannot be guaranteed even by tests with high sensitivity and specificity when disease prevalence is low. If we regard the clinical criteria for aMCI as a ...
Argyropoulos Vassilios V University of Thessaly, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
The research aims of the present study were: (a) to assess the hand preference of blind persons in everyday activities on the basis of gender, type of blindness, and age; and (b) to conduct the above analysis at both the item level and the latent trait level, after concluding the ...
Gras Laura Z LZ 1Department of Physical Therapy, Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York. 2Department of Rehabilitation, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan. 3Department of Psychology, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri. 4Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, The University of Kansas, Kansas City, Kansas. 5Department of Neurology and Alzheimer and Memory Program, The University of Kansas, Kansas City, - - 2014
Studies have shown that adults with Alzheimer disease (AD) have gait and balance deficits; however, the focus has been on those with mild to severe disease. The purpose of this study was to determine whether balance and gait deficits are present in those with very mild AD. Thirteen adults (72.9 ...
Alvim Ricardo Gonçalves RG *Department of Urology, São José University Hospital †Department of Surgery, Alpha Institute of Gastroenterology and Surgery of the Clinics Hospital ‡Department of Surgery, College of Medicine of the Minas Gerais Federal University (UFMG), Minas Gerais, - - 2014
This study assessed male sexual function using a specific and validated questionnaire, the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), in patients subjected to open total mesorectal excision (OTME) and laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (LTME) and compared it with a control group. The inclusion criteria consisted of male patients with an ...
Gahbauer Alice M AM School of Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2014
To describe patterns of outpatient antibacterial use among California Medicaid (Medi-Cal) fee-for-service system beneficiaries, and to investigate the influence of demographic factors-age, race/ethnicity, state county, and population density-on those patterns. Retrospective analysis of administrative claims data. Medi-Cal fee-for-service system claims database. All outpatient Medi-Cal fee-for-service system beneficiaries enrolled between 2006 ...
Hsu Tai-Yi TY *Department of Emergency Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan; †Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan; ‡Department of Emergency Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan; §Department of Emergency Medicine, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; ¶Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; ‖Department of Emergency, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; **Department of Occupation Medicine, Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan; ††Department of Emergency Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; ‡‡Department of Physical Education, National Taitung University, Taitung, Taiwan; and §§Department of Emergency Medicine, Taiwan Adventist Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
To examine the effect of ascent rate on the induction of acute mountain sickness (AMS) in young adults during a climb to Jiaming Lake (3350 m) in Taiwan. Prospective, nonrandomized. Climb from 2370 to 3350 m. Young adults (aged 18 to 26 years) (N = 91) chose to participate in ...
Staněk S S Department of Technology and Breeding Technique of Farm Animals, Přátelství 815, Institute of Animal Science, 104 00 Prague 10 - Uhříněves, Czech - - 2014
It is important to describe weaknesses in rearing calves not only to improve their welfare, but also to detect areas where current scientific knowledge is poorly integrated into practice. A survey of preweaning calf-rearing practices was conducted using a farmer questionnaire. The survey included 136 farms, representing 11.9% of all ...
Duce Celia C Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Universita' di Pisa, Via Risorgimento 35, 56127 Pisa, - - 2014
We propose ATR-FTIR spectroscopy for the characterization of the spectral changes in alkyd resin from the Griffin Alkyd Fast Drying Oil Colour range (Winsor & Newton), occurring over 550days (∼18months) of natural ageing and over six months of artificial ageing under an acetic acid atmosphere. Acetic acid is one of ...
Davanipour Zoreh Z Department of Neurology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, - - 2014
This report is the first study of the possible relationship between extremely low frequency (50-60 Hz, ELF) magnetic field (MF) exposure and severe cognitive dysfunction. Earlier studies investigated the relationships between MF occupational exposure and Alzheimer's disease (AD) or dementia. These studies had mixed results, depending upon whether the diagnosis ...
Lee Seon Ha SH Graduate Program in Speech and Language Pathology, Yonsei University, Seoul, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to investigate if performance in a 30-s verbal semantic fluency task (i.e. animal naming) across five elderly aged groups (60-64; 65-69; 70-74; 75-79; 80-84 years) would be reflective of aging effect. We analyzed differences in performance across 5-s phases and the moment of first ...
Pretorius K K Safety and Peace Promotion Research Unit, Medical Research Council-University of South Africa, Tygerberg, Western Cape, South - - 2014
In South Africa, injuries are the third leading cause of death and disability. Children are especially susceptible to unintentional injuries, especially pedestrian injuries, burns and drowning. Injury risk is informed by children's exposure to adverse environmental circumstances, and individual capacities dependent on developmental maturity. Boys are at greater risk than ...
Mauritz Walter W Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Trauma Hospital 'Lorenz Boehler' , Vienna , Austria - - 2014
Abstract Background: To investigate changes in TBI mortality in Austria during 1980-2012 and to identify causes for these changes. Methods: Statistik Austria provided data (from death certificates) on all TBI deaths from January 1980-December 2012. Data included year/month of death, age, sex, residency of the cases and mechanism of accident. ...
Drescher Marcus A - - 2014
In this study, we examined how the dynamics of shared leadership are related to group performance. We propose that, over time, the expansion of shared leadership within groups is related to growth in group trust. In turn, growth in group trust is related to performance improvement. Longitudinal data from 142 ...
Hammann-Kloss J S JS Department of Radiology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany; Ärztlicher Dienst, Evangelisches Geriatriezentrum Berlin gGmbH, Reinickendorfer Straße 61, 13347 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the physiological changes in breast composition with aging using volumetric breast composition measurement from digital mammograms and to assess the effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT). A total of 764 consecutive mammograms of 208 non-HRT using women and 508 mammograms of 134 HRT-using women were analyzed using a ...
Uefuji Atsuo A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) does not heal spontaneously after injury, and patients of different ages respond differently to treatment. CD34+ stem/progenitor cells derived from the ACL remnant and associated tissues contribute to tendon-bone healing, but the relationship between age and the ACL's healing potential has not been clarified. HYPOTHESIS:The ...
Hung Giun-Yi GY Division of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China, - - 2014
Primary bone cancer (BC) incidence by age has not been surveyed in Asia. The incidence patterns of nine subtypes of primary BCs registered between 2003 and 2010 were analyzed from Taiwan cancer registry data. More specific analyses were conducted within age groups (Group I: 0-24 years; Group II: 25-59 years; and Group ...
Temiz A A Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Çanakkale 18 Mart University, 17110, Çanakkale, Turkey, - - 2014
Hypertension (HTN) is common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Both HTN and RA have a negative impact on echocardiographically determined parameters including wall thickness, chamber diameter, diastolic function, epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and carotid intima media thickness (CIMT). We aimed to demonstrate the effect of HTN on these parameters in ...
Hernández-Velasco X X a Departamento de Medicina y Zootecnia de Aves, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia (FMVZ) , Universidad Nacional Autonóma de México (UNAM) , México , D. F ., - - 2014
Abstract 1. An experiment was designed to evaluate the effect of different doses of oocysts of E. acervulina on intestinal absorption and skin deposition of xanthophylls (XA) in broilers. 2. A total of 192 broiler chickens were randomly assigned to 4 groups: an uninfected control group and three groups inoculated ...
Callewaert Margot M a Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences , Ghent University , Ghent , - - 2014
Abstract This study aimed to determine indicators of sailing performance in 2 (age) groups of youth sailors by investigating the anthropometric, physical and motor coordination differences and factors discriminating between elite and non-elite male optimist sailors and young dynamic hikers. Anthropometric measurements from 23 optimist sailors (mean ± SD age ...
Miarka Bianca B a Martial Arts and Combat Sports Research Group - School of Physical Education and Sport , University of São Paulo , São Paulo , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of the study was to verify differences between age groups of female judo matches in time-motion and technical-tactical analysis. The sample was composed of pre-cadet (13-14 years, n = 148), cadet (15-16 years, n = 228), junior (17-19 years, n = 104) and senior (>20 years, n = 237) groups. The time-motion indicators consisted of ...
Aylward Lesa L LL Summit Toxicology LLP, Falls Church, VA, USA; National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology (ENTOX), University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Australian national biomonitoring for persistent organic pollutants (POPs) relies upon age-specific pooled serum samples to characterize central tendencies of concentrations but does not provide estimates of upper bound concentrations. This analysis compares population variation from biomonitoring datasets from the US, Canada, Germany, Spain, and Belgium to identify and test patterns ...
De Marco Arianna A Fondazione Ethoikos, Radicondoli, Italy; Parco Faunistico di Piano dell'Abatino, Poggio San Lorenzo, Italy; Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie della Cognizione, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Rome, - - 2014
Males living in multi-male groups are both strong rivals and potential allies. In several primate species they regularly interact through ritualized exchanges known as greetings. We studied five captive groups of Tonkean macaques (Macaca tonkeana) to test five hypotheses regarding the social function of greetings. We found that greetings were ...
Heinen Andre A Department of Cardiovascular Physiology, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Universitätsstr. 1, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany; Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Düsseldorf, Moorenstr. 5, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The beneficial effects of many cardioprotective strategies including ischemic or pharmacological conditioning are reduced in the aged heart. The underlying reason(s) for the age-dependent loss of cardioprotection is unclear. Recently, we demonstrated that protein kinase A (PKA) dependent cardioprotection is lost in the aged heart. However, activation of large-conductance Ca(2+)-sensitive ...
Gavriel Haim H Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, 70300, Zerifin, Israel, - - 2014
The clinical presentation of peritonsillar abscess (PTA) in patients over 40 years is scarcely reported. Since older patients present differently than younger patients, our aim was to investigate possible correlation between illness severity in the older age group and their bacteriologic studies. A retrospective study on all cases of PTA admitted ...
Van Orden Kimberly A KA *Address correspondence to Kimberly A. Van Orden, Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, 300 Crittenden Blvd, Box PSYCH, Rochester, NY 14642. E-mail: - - 2014
Objectives: This study examines patterns of endorsements of active suicide ideation (SI), passive SI (synonymous with death ideation), and psychological distress (i.e., depressive and anxious symptomatology) in a sample of vulnerable older adults.Methods: Data were collected via in-home interviews with aging services care management clients aged 60 years and older ...
Baron Ida Sue - - 2014
Objective: To examine whether a one-factor executive function (EF) model fit data for three groups of children differing in birth criteria (extremely low birth weight [ELBW], late preterm [LPT], and Term) at each of two chronological ages, 3 and 6 years, and whether the latent mean amount of EF differed. ...
Arriola-Guillén Luis Ernesto LE a Associate Professor, Division of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad Científica del Sur-UCSUR, and Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, UNMSM, Lima, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare the anterior dentoalveolar and skeletal maxillary cephalometric factors involved in excessive upper incisor crown exposure (UICE) in subjects with skeletal open bite Class II (SOBCIIG) and Class III (SOBCIIIG) against an untreated control group (CG). Materials and Methods: Seventy pretreatment lateral cephalograms of orthodontic young adult ...
Kim Giyeon - - 2014
The present study examines the effect of race/ethnicity on measurement equivalence of the Everyday Discrimination Scale (EDS; Williams, Yu, Jackson, & Anderson, 1997). Drawn from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES; Alegría, Jackson, Kessler, & Takeuchi, 2008), adults aged 18 and older from four racial/ethnic groups were selected for analyses: ...
Copić Nemanja N 1University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Serbia 2Serbian Institute of Sport and Sports Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia 3Department of Kinesiology and Applied Physiology, and Biomechanics and Movement Science Graduate Program, University of Delaware, - - 2014
Studies of the role of various anthropometric, physiological and biomechanical variables in performance of rapid movements have generally revealed inconsistent findings. Within the present study we tested the hypotheses that (1) both body composition and leg extensor strength variables would reveal significant relationship with jumping performance, while (2) the same ...
Kopydlowski Nathan J NJ University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
This cadaveric study aimed to determine if acetabular retroversion demonstrates predictable changes with age that could inform understanding of factors that may contribute to the pathophysiology of femoroacetabular impingement. Two-hundred forty pelves were divided into young and old groups. Version was measured at the cranial (5mm below superior rim), central ...
Pan Ling-Yen LY Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Villa Grand-Montfleury, Chemin du Grand-Montfleury 48, 1290, Versoix, - - 2014
The significance of physical activity has been noticed. However, the dynamic change and the heterogeneity of physical activity patterns among older people are little explored. This study aimed to identify the trajectory patterns of engaging in physical activity over time and its related factors. Nationally representative four-wave panel data from ...
Persson Ingemar I Enheten för läkemedelssäkerhet, Medical Products - - 2014
'We thank Lars Andersson for his relevant and important query regarding the numbers of T1D cases observed from the Patient Registry in our study population. We probed the reasons for the discrepant numbers by age groups as compared with the SWEDIABKIDS registry and considered the possible consequences for the interpretation ...
Ma Jingbo J State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, - - 2014
Compared with dairy and beef cattle, few data are available on the occurrence and distribution of Cryptosporidium species in yaks, which live in a very different habitat. In this study, 327 fecal specimens were collected from yaks in 4 counties in Qinghai Province of China and screened for Cryptosporidium by ...
Fleckenstein Monika M Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bonn, Ernst-Abbe-Str. 2, Bonn, 53127, - - 2014
Purpose: To further characterize a subgroup of patients exhibiting the fundus autofluorescence (FAF) "diffuse-trickling" phenotype associated with geographic atrophy (GA). Methods: In the context of the Fundus Autofluorescence in Age related Macular Degeneration (FAM) Study, patients with "diffuse-trickling" GA were examined and characterized by FAF and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography ...
Richard Stephanie A SA Program in Global Disease Epidemiology and Control, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Heath, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, - - 2014
Diarrhea and linear growth faltering continue to burden low-income countries and are among the most important contributors to poor health during early childhood. Diarrhea is thought to adversely affect linear growth, but catch-up growth can occur if no additional insults are experienced. We sought to characterize catch-up growth in relation ...
Fraser Lorna K LK 1Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, - - 2014
Background:Numbers of children and young people with life-limiting conditions are rising, and increasing lifespans require young adults with life-limiting condition to transit to appropriate adult services.Aim:To describe the prevalence of life-limiting condition in children and young adults by age, sex, diagnostic group, ethnicity and deprivation.Design:A secondary analysis of the English ...
Dotzauer Mandy M a University Medical Center Groningen , Department of Neurology, Neuropsychology Unit , Hanzeplein 1, AB 60, 9700 RB Groningen, Netherlands . m.dotzauer@umcg.nl , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: An Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) provided information about speed limits, speed, speeding, and following distance. Information was presented to the participants by means of a head up display (HUD). Methods: Effects of the information on speed and headway control were studied in a longer-term driving simulator study ...
Okamura Takuma T Department of Gastroenterology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, - - 2014
Eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) at a younger age is considered to be effective in preventing gastric cancer. This study assessed the characteristics of eradication therapy in young patients. We enrolled 1073 patients with H. pylori infection between 2000 and 2013. The subjects were divided into three groups according to age ...
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