Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 3988
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Norris Pauline P School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, PB 56, Dunedin, New Zealand. - - 2014
Preventive medications such as statins are used to reduce cardiovascular risk. There is some evidence to suggest that people of lower socioeconomic position are less likely to be prescribed statins. In New Zealand, Maori have higher rates of cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to investigate statin utilisation by socioeconomic position ...
Stockard Jean J a Department of Planning, Public Policy and Management , University of Oregon , Eugene , Oregon , - - 2014
Background/Study Context: The "age stability" hypothesis suggests that adults have significant continuities in values over time, whereas the "situational influence" hypothesis suggests that change continues, especially in response to new events and experiences. Deeply ingrained, terminal values may be more stable than other, more instrumental, values. Less research examines changing ...
Steen David A DA Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of - - 2014
Freshwater turtles may ingest baited fish hooks because many are opportunistic scavengers. Although the ingestion of fish hooks is known to be a source of mortality in multiple vertebrate groups, the prevalence of hook ingestion by freshwater turtles has not been well studied. We trapped turtles from five rivers in ...
Santos Nadine C NC Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Health Sciences, University of Minho Braga, Portugal ; ICVS/3B's, PT Government Associate Laboratory Braga/Guimarães, Portugal ; Clinical Academic Center - Braga Braga, - - 2014
It is relevant to unravel the factors that may mediate the cognitive decline observed during aging. Previous reports indicate that education has a positive influence on cognitive performance, while age, female gender and, especially, depressed mood were associated with poorer performances across multiple cognitive dimensions (memory and general executive function). ...
Mielke Grégore I GI Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, - - 2014
There is rapidly-emerging evidence on the harmful health effects of sedentary behaviors. The aim of this paper was to quantify time in sedentary behaviors and document socio-demographic variations in different life domains among adults. A population-based survey was carried out in 2012 through face-to-face interviews with Brazilian adults aged 20+ ...
Schmitt Juliano Vilaverde JV Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu, Department of Dermatology and Radiation Therapy, BotucatuSP, Brasil, PhD - Assistant Professor of the Department of Dermatology and Radiation Therapy of Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu - Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (FMB-UNESP) - Botucatu (SP), - - 2014
Acne vulgaris has an important genetic predisposition, as well as keratosis pilaris. Clinical observations suggest that patients with keratosis pilaris have less frequent or less severe acne breakouts; however, we found no studies on this regard To determine if the presence of keratosis pilaris is associated with lower prevalence and ...
Shmuly Tom - - 2014
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the association between black extrinsic tooth discoloration and caries prevalence in an adult population. This association has been previously shown in children and adolescents but has never been examined in an adult population. Method and Materials: Young adults, aged 18 to ...
Vanderlaan Doug P DP Gender Identity Service, Child, Youth and Family Services, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, - - 2014
In adult male samples, homosexuality is associated with a preponderance of older brothers (i.e., the fraternal birth order effect). In several studies comparing gender dysphoric youth, who are likely to be homosexual in adulthood, to clinical or non-clinical control groups, the findings have been consistent with the fraternal birth order ...
Suboc Tisha B TB Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
Age-related endothelial dysfunction and vascular stiffening are associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) risk. Many groups have encouraged goals of ≥10 000 steps/day or ≥30 min/day of moderate intensity physical activity (MPA) to reduce age-related CV risk. The impact of MPA on the vasculature of older adults remains unclear. We randomized ...
Paletta Guedes Ricardo Augusto RA Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil ; Paletta Guedes Ophthalmological Center, Juiz de Fora, Brazil ; Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital, Juiz de Fora, - - 2014
We sought to identify the utility values in a group of Brazilian patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), and to assess its impact on visual acuity (VA) and mean deviation index values. This was a cross-sectional study of consecutive patients with POAG, who were interviewed using three methods for obtaining ...
Manfredini Daniele - - 2014
The aim of this investigation was to compare the pattern of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) diagnoses in clenching patients with different occlusal features, the null hypothesis being that no between-group differences exist. Two groups of subjects receiving a jaw clenching diagnosis and having large overjet or anterior open bite (Group A; ...
Reeder A I AI Cancer Society of New Zealand Social & Behavioural Research Unit, Department of Preventive & Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, P.O. Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New - - 2014
Background. Sun-tanning perceptions are monitored to identify changes and help refine targeting of skin cancer prevention messages. Aim. To investigate associations between perceptions of sun-tanning and demographic factors among a New Zealand urban population, 1994-2006. Methods. A telephone survey series was conducted during summer in 1994, 1997, 1999/2000, 2002/2003, and ...
Lönnqvist Jan-Erik - - 2014
We examined Finns' and bilingual Swedish-Finns' stereotypes regarding personality differences between Finns and Swedish-Finns and compared them with their respective self-ratings. Stereotype ratings by both groups converged on depicting Swedish-Finns as having a more desirable personality. In-group bias also influenced stereotypes. Contrary to predictions based on the Stereotype Content Model, ...
Schaer C C University Children's Hospital, CH-8032, Zurich, SWITZERLAND; - - 2014
Is there an association between the presence of nucleated red blood cells (NRBCs) in the peripheral blood and outcomes in critically ill children? Prospective observational study conducted in 2008 (January to December) in a multidisciplinary paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a tertiary children's hospital. We provide univariate analysis, stratified ...
Barwais Faisal A FA School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. - - 2014
An increasing body of evidence associates a high level of sitting time with poor health outcomes. The benefits of moderate to vigorous-intensity physical activities to various aspects of health are now well documented; however, individuals may engage in moderate-intensity physical activity for at least 30 minutes on five or more days ...
Hokkanen Laura L Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki , Helsinki , - - 2014
Background. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (HB) may cause severe neurological damage, but serious consequences are effectively controlled by phototherapy and blood exchange transfusion. HB is still a serious health problem in economically compromised parts of the world. The long term outcome has been regarded favorable based on epidemiological data, but has not ...
Milutinovic Jovana J Jovana Milutinovic, Nenad Nedeljkovic, Clinic of Orthodontics, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, - - 2014
The improvement of a patient's facial appearance is one of the main goals of contemporary orthodontic treatment. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the difference in facial proportions between attractive and anonymous females in order to establish objective facial features which are widely considered as beautiful. The study ...
Ilgüy Dilhan D Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Yeditepe University, Bağdat Caddesi No. 238, Göztepe Kadıköy, 34728 Istanbul, - - 2014
Aim. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between articular eminence inclination, height, and thickness of the roof of the glenoid fossa (RGF) according to age and gender and to assess condyle morphology including incidental findings of osseous characteristics associated with osteoarthritis (OA) of the temporomandibular ...
Huang Yan-Ping YP Department of Urology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai Institute of Andrology, Shanghai, - - 2014
To assess erectile function in middle-aged and older men with asexuality status and further analyze their specific reasons for this condition. Men who had regular sexual intercourse attempts (sex frequency≥1 time per month) were classified into mild erectile dysfunction (ED), moderate to severe ED and non-ED according to International Index ...
Kwon Hyeok Gyu HG Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University Daegu, South - - 2014
Transcallosal motor fiber (TCMF) plays a role in interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) between two primary motor cortices. IHI has been an important concept in development of the motor system of the brain. Many studies have focused on the research of the topography of TCMF, however, little is known about development of ...
Saikoski Luciano Zilio - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the dentoskeletal effects of Class II malocclusion treatment performed with the Twin Block appliance. The experimental group comprised 20 individuals with initial mean age of 11.76 years and treated for a period of 1.13 years. The control group comprised 25 individuals with ...
Papa Michela M Department of Internal Medicine, Surgical, Neurological, Metabolic Disease and Geriatric Medicine, Second University of Naples, Naples, - - 2014
Previous studies identified comorbidities as predictors of older driver performance and driving pattern, while the direct impact of comorbidities on road crash risk in elderly drivers is still unknown. The present study is a cross-sectional aimed at investigating the association between levels of comorbidity and crash involvement in adult and ...
Liu Wenbin W College of Life Science, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, - - 2014
The Rheocricotopus (Psilocricotopus) chalybeatus species group from China is reviewed. Three new species, R. (P.) brochus sp. n., R. (P.) rotundus sp. n. and R. (P.) serratus sp. n. are described as adult males. R. (P.) imperfectus Makarchenko & Makarchenko, 2005, R. (P.) robacki (Beck & Beck, 1964) and R. ...
Mukhopadhyay Santanu S Department of Pedodontics, Burdwan Dental College and Hospital, Burdwan, - - 2014
Enamel hypoplasia is a unique lesion showing wide variations in prevalence among populations. The present study aimed to evaluate frequency and degree of expression of enamel hypoplasia of primary canine in populations living in the eastern part of India. A prospective cross sectional study was performed in randomly selected 3539 ...
Lin Chia-Wei CW Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Prospective data on the association between ischemic stroke and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in the young are sparse. The purpose of this population-based, age- and sex-matched longitudinal follow-up study was to investigate the risk of developing ischemic stroke in young patients with AS. A total of 4562 patients aged 18- to ...
Barden Phillip P Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of America; Richard Gilder Graduate School, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of - - 2014
A new collection of 24 wingless ant specimens from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (Albian-Cenomanian, 99 Ma) comprises nine new species belonging to the genus Sphecomyrmodes Engel and Grimaldi. Described taxa vary considerably with regard to total size, head and body proportion, cuticular sculpturing, and petiole structure while all species are unified ...
Kwok Lai-Yu LY Key Laboratory of Dairy Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Education Ministry of P. R. China, Department of Food Science and Engineering, Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, P. R. - - 2014
The human gut microbiota consists of complex microbial communities, which possibly play crucial roles in physiological functioning and health maintenance. China has evolved into a multicultural society consisting of the major ethnic group, Han, and 55 official ethnic minority groups. Nowadays, these minority groups inhabit in different Chinese provinces and ...
Mathew Reeba R University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX ; Memorial Hermann Hospital-Texas Medical Center Sleep Disorders Center, Houston, - - 2014
The study was performed to evaluate the hypothesis that the extremely obese manifest sleep disordered breathing with a preponderance of hypopneas and relative paucity of obstructive apneas. Retrospective review of 90 adults with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) matched for age and gender, comparing two groups, Group A: body mass ...
Michels Kevin S KS Division of Ophthalmology, Section Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ohio University/Doctor's Hospital, 50 Old Village Road, Columbus, OH 43228, USA ; Department of Ophthalmology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Grant Medical Center, 111 S. Grant Avenue, Columbus, OH 43215, - - 2014
Purpose. To analyze the clinical findings associated with involutional entropion and ectropion and compare them to each other and to age-matched controls. Methods. Prospective, age-matched cohort study involving 30 lids with involutional entropion, 30 lids with involutional ectropion, and 52 age-matched control lids. Results. The statistically significant differences associated with ...
Fordyce Geoffry G Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, Centre for Animal Science, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Normal range for scrotal circumference in Australian beef bulls was established using more than 300,000 measurements of breed, management group, age, liveweight, and scrotal circumference. The data used were derived from Australian bull breeders and two large research projects in northern Australia. Most bulls were within 250 to 750 kg liveweight ...
Fellahi J-L JL Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, CHU de Caen, Faculty of Medicine EA4650, Université de Caen, 14000 Caen, France. Electronic address: - - 2013
The aim of the study was to compare NIRS parameters in combination with a vascular occlusion test (VOT) at a proximal (leg) and a distal (foot) site in male and female. A prospective experimental study in healthy subjects. Twenty volunteers (10 male, 10 female, 28±4 years) were investigated during 4 ...
Siennicki-Lantz Arkadiusz - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine in elderly men a relationship between depressive symptoms, peripheral vascular disease and cerebral blood flow (CBF). Population-based cohort study started with an examination of 809 men at age 55, followed by the first (age 68ys) and second follow up (age 82ys). 128 ...
Rumpf Hans-Jürgen HJ Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Lübeck, Research Group S:TEP, Lübeck, - - 2013
Background: Prevalence studies of Internet addiction in the general population are rare. In addition, a lack of approved criteria hampers estimation of its occurrence. Aims: This study conducted a latent class analysis (LCA) in a large general population sample to estimate prevalence. Methods: A telephone survey was conducted based on ...
Wu Wenqi W Department of Urology, Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Urology, 1# Kangda Road, Haizhu District, Guangzhou, 510230, - - 2013
We reported a retrospective review of the urinary stone compositions in 12,846 patients. Data on urinary stone compositions analyzed between January 2003 and December 2012 in our center were collected. Infrared spectroscopy was used for stone analysis. Predominant stone component was recorded. Patients were divided into four age groups: 0-18, ...
Fu Xiangwei X Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction, Ministry of Agriculture and National Engineering Laboratory for Animal Breeding, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, - - 2013
The present study examined the effect of aging on female reproductive potential. Six-week-old and 9-month-old CD1 mice were referred to as the 'young' and 'aged' groups, respetively. Oocytes were collected after superovulation, and their viability were compared using parthenogenetic activation. The aneuploidy of the oocytes (MII) was assessed using chromosome ...
Morales-Avalos Rodolfo R Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo León, - - 2013
Transpedicular spinal fusion is the most commonly used fixation technique for the surgical treatment of vertebral disorders. However, the instrumentation of the thoracic spine using this technique continues to be controversial. The objective of the present study was to determine the morphometric characteristics of the thoracic pedicle and to establish ...
Bala Miklosh - - 2013
The incidence of geriatric trauma is rising with an increased life expectancy and a more active lifestyle among the elderly. The aim of this study was to describe the different patterns of injury with increased age in severely injured elderly patients and to identify predictors of in-hospital mortality. The Trauma ...
Zhu Xiaoling X Department of Pathology, Basic Medical Science College, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence, epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic features of patients with pemphigus vulgaris in China. We retrospectively investigated a total of 221 patients with pemphigus vulgaris. The parameters including age at diagnosis/onset, sex, diagnostic methods, hospitalizations, side-effects with different treatments, pemphigus vulgaris-associated ...
Auffan Melanie M CNRS, Aix-Marseille Université , CEREGE UM34, UMR 7330, Aix en Provence , France - - 2013
Abstract We assessed the biodistribution and in situ speciation of sub-lethal concentrations of citrate-coated silver nanoparticles and dissolved silver within Fundulus heteroclitus embryos. Using a thorough physico-chemical characterization, we studied the role of salinity on both uptake and in situ speciation. The Ag uptake or adsorption on the chorion was ...
Oudegeest-Sander Madelijn H MH 1 Radboud university medical center, - - 2013
With aging cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) decreases. However, to what extent dynamic cerebral autoregulation and cerebrovascular carbon dioxide (CO2) reactivity are influenced by aging is unknown. The aim was to examine the dynamic responses of CBFV and cortical oxygenation to changes in blood pressure (BP) and arterial CO2 across ...
Thøgersen-Ntoumani Cecilie C School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2013
A 16-week lunchtime walking intervention was designed to increase physical activity in physically inactive University employees. The programme was delivered and monitored twice over seven months to examine feasibility across different seasons. Seventy-five participants (n= 69 females, n= 6 males; M age = 47.68) were randomly allocated into a Winter ...
Bleuze Michele M MM Department of Anthropology, The University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY, - - 2013
Several studies have shown that the human body generally conforms to the ecogeographical expectations of Bergmann's and Allen's rules; however, recent evidence suggests that these expectations may not hold completely for some populations. Egypt is located at the crossroads of Sub-Saharan Africa, Southern Europe, and the Near East, and gene ...
Demirkol S S Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, - - 2013
Although the origin of cardiac syndrome X (CSX) is still debated, endothelial dysfunction leading to reduced coronary microvascular dilatory response and increased coronary resistance is thought to have an important role in the pathogenesis. Erectile dysfunction (ED) is associated with risk factors resulting in endotelial dysfunction. Although the relationship between ...
Mutz-Dehbalaie Irene I Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, - - 2013
Objective: To investigate the impact of advanced maternal age on the rate of perinatal mortality. Design: Retrospective cohort study including all 56,517 singleton hospital deliveries between 1999 and 2008. Methods: Data were analyzed according to maternal age at delivery in 3 groups of women, 25-34 years, 35-39 years and ≥40 ...
Wang Wei W Department of Neurology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 139 Renmin Road, Changsha, Hunan 410011, People's Republic of - - 2013
We explored the association between the Arg972 insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS1) polymorphism and the risk and severity of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We genotyped the Arg972 IRS1 (rs1801278) polymorphism in 1123 pairs of age, sex, body mass index, residence area and education level-matched Han Chinese AD patients and controls. AD severity ...
Salisbury Claire M A CM a Department of Psychology , Western - - 2013
This study explored gender differences in young adult heterosexual men's and women's experiences, beliefs, and concerns regarding the occurrence or nonoccurrence of orgasm during sexual interactions, with emphasis on the absence of female orgasm during intercourse. Qualitative reports were obtained from five female focus groups (N = 24, M age = 19.08) and five ...
Peters Paul A PA Health Analysis Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A - - 2013
This study quantifies differences in life expectancy between residents of Inuit Nunangat and people in the rest of Canada; estimates the contribution of specific causes of death to the differences; and examines these differences over time, by sex and by age group. A geographic approach was used to decompose differences ...
Prunas Antonio A Department of Psychology, Milan-Bicocca State University, Milan, Italy; Italian Association for Sexuology and Applied Psychology (Associazione Italiana Sessuologia e Psicologia Applicata, AISPA), Milan, Italy; Personality Disorders Lab, Parma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
In spite of the potential clinical utility of defense mechanisms in the assessment of gender identity disorder patients as candidates to sex reassignment surgery, there is paucity of research in this field. The aim of the present study is therefore to ascertain whether the defensive profile of MtF and FtM ...
Lee Kyu An KA Department of Periodontology, Research Institute for Periodontal Regeneration, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, South - - 2013
The objective of this study was to reveal the topography of the mandibular symphysis according to gender and age in the Korean population using computed tomography (CT) to provide a mean anatomical database for the safety zone during block bone harvesting. The following parameters were measured in CT images taken ...
Cayir Atilla A Ankara Children's Diseases and Hematology Oncology Hospital, Ankara, - - 2013
Hemophilic arthropathy due to recurrent joint bleeding leads to physical, psychological and socioeconomic problems in children with hemophilia and reduces their quality of life. The purpose of this study was to evaluate joint damage through various parameters and to determine functional deterioration in the musculoskeletal system during walking using kinetic ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >