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Results 301 - 350 of 4613
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Taylor Lee L Zoetis, Level 6, 5 Rider Boulevard, Rhodes, NSW 2138, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Results from worm egg counts (WECs) of cattle from across Australia over an 11 year period have been analysed to provide contemporary data on WEC and worm genus distribution in Australian cattle. A sampling kit consisted of ten sample containers. Faecal samples were collected into each sampling kit from groups ...
Vaughan Alison A Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, PO Box 1000, Agassiz, BC, V0M 1A0 Canada; Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5B4 Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
A better understanding of when and where group-housed calves are most likely to defecate or urinate might permit improved housing design or more efficient use of cleaning routines. However, this is the first study to address the urination and defecation habits of calves. The primary aims of this study were ...
Jeong Hwal Rim - - 2014
Abstract Background: Idiopathic short stature (ISS) is short stature of unknown cause. In 2003, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of growth hormone (GH) for ISS. Several studies have evaluated the effect of GH in children with ISS, in whom improved growth velocities and height standard deviation ...
Gérardin Marie M 1Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital of Nantes, Nantes, - - 2014
We have compared two groups of chronic benzodiazepines (or zolpidem/zopiclone) users: "Seniors," aged 65 years or more, and "Adults," aged less than 65 years. The study took place in the Pays de Loire region. The questionnaire assesses dependence based on items from the DSM-IV. The analysis was based on 176 Senior questionnaires ...
Larose Joanie J 1University of - - 2014
This study examined the progression of impairments in heat dissipation as a function of age and environmental conditions. Sixty males (n=12/group; 20-30, 40-44, 45-49, 50-54 and 55-70 years) performed four intermittent exercise/recovery cycles for a duration of 2-h in dry (35ºC/20%RH) and humid (35ºC/60%RH) conditions. Evaporative heat loss (HE) and ...
Lo Celia C CC University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, - - 2014
This study sought the factors associated with race/ethnicity disparities in the age at which homicide deaths tend to occur. We used the multiple disadvantage model to take race into account as we evaluated associations between age at time of homicide victimization and several social structural, mental health-related, and lifestyle factors. ...
Skuladottir Hildur - - 2014
Objective :  Children with cleft lip and palate or cleft palate only have a high incidence of conductive hearing loss from otitis media with effusion. Studies demonstrating longitudinal results are lacking. This study was undertaken to investigate long-term longitudinal hearing outcomes of children with cleft lip and/or cleft palate and ...
Guay Manon M School of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Qué., - - 2014
Background: As most studies generally treat all 85+ year-olds as a homogeneous group, little is known about the specific disabilities of the oldest old population, those aged 90 and older. Objective: To estimate age-specific prevalence of disability in activities of daily living for older Canadians, including the oldest old, those ...
Besen Elyssa E Center for Disability Research, Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, 71 Frankland Road, Hopkinton, MA 01748, USA. - - 2014
We investigated multiple trajectories of the probability of reporting health-related productivity loss over a 20-year period among adults aged 25-44 years and explored differences among the trajectories in demographic and personal characteristics and employment outcomes in midlife. A latent class growth analysis of health-related productivity loss was estimated on 12 ...
Lin Ching-Hung CH Departments of Oncology, Internal Medicine, and Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Health Care Administration, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Taiwan Cancer Registry, Taiwan; Center for Comparative Effectiveness Research, National Center of Excellence for Clinical Trial and Research, Taipei, Taiwan; Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Public Health, Fu-Jen Catholic University, New Taipei, - - 2014
A rapid surge of young-female breast cancer (YFBC) has been observed in Taiwan and other East Asian countries. We recently reported that these cases of YFBC, in contrast to their Western counterparts, are predominantly luminal A subtype. YFBC in Asia may have distinct clinicopathological features and outcomes.Methods.Data collected prospectively by ...
Amorim César Augusto CA César Augusto Amorim, Antonio José Carneiro, Homero Soares Fogaça, Celeste Elia, Heitor Siffert Pereira de Souza, Serviço de Gastroenterologia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, Hospital Universitário, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21941-913, - - 2014
To investigate the geographic distributions and time trends of gastric cancer (GC) incidence and mortality in Brazil. An ecological study of the DATASUS registry was conducted by identifying hospitalizations for GC between January 2005 and December 2010. The data included information on the gender, age, and town of residence at ...
Wang Yu Y Electric Power Test Research Institute, Guangdong Power Grid Company, Guangzhou, 510080, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
The study was undertaken to evaluate the environmental exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in subjects living in the area of recycling electronic garbage in Southern China and research the influence of environment smoke tobacco (EST) to people through active and passive smoking. Urinary concentrations of 2-hydroxynaphthalene, 2-hydoxyfluorene, 9-hydroxyphenanthrene, and 1-hydroxypyrene ...
Marin R H RH Neiker-Tecnalia, Arkaute Agrifood Campus, Department of Animal Production, PO Box 46, 01080 Vitoria-Gasteiz, - - 2014
Alterations of birds' phenotypic appearance (PA) may lead to unwanted behaviors, potentially impairing poultry welfare, health, and productive performance. Likewise, group size may play an important role modulating the expression of adaptive behaviors. This study evaluates whether changes in the PA of Hy-line Brown laying hens may affect their BW ...
Sinding Charlotte C Smell and Taste Clinic, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Technical University of Dresden, Fetscherstrasse 74, 01307 Dresden, - - 2014
The process of aging affects olfaction quite early and can lead to a major handicap. One may ask whether olfactory loss is general or if it affects some odors more specifically? We investigated whether an age-related increase in olfactory threshold could be more or less specific to heavy or light ...
Veldhuizen Scott S Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addictions and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Department of Health Sciences, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, - - 2014
When individuals of different ages are combined into a single group and an ability that varies with age is measured, younger individuals are disadvantaged. This phenomenon is known as a relative age effect (RAE) and has been shown to be widespread in sport and education. In this article, we examine ...
Raffalt Peter C PC Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200, Copenhagen N, - - 2014
Introduction: To explore the effect of aging on stretch reflex modulation during walking, soleus H-reflexes obtained in 15 middle-aged (mean age 56.4 ± 6.9) and 15 young (mean age 23.7 ± 3.9) subjects were compared. Methods: The H-reflex amplitude, muscle activity (EMG) of the soleus and tibialis anterior muscles, and ...
Laganović Mario M aDepartment for Nephrology, Hypertension, Dialysis and Transplantation, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Croatia bDanish Aging Research Center, University of Southern Denmark, Aarhus and Copenhagen, Denmark cDepartment for Molecular Biology, Ruđer Bošković Institute dDepartment of Cardiovascular Diseases, University Hospital Center eDepartment for Molecular Medicine, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Zagreb, Croatia fDepartment of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, - - 2014
The mechanisms that increase cardiovascular risk in individuals born small for gestational age (SGA) are not well understood. Telomere shortening has been suggested to be a predictor of disease onset. Our aim was to determine whether impaired intrauterine growth is associated with early signs of vascular aging and whether telomere ...
Van de Ven Annenienke A A Van de Ven, Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE THE AIM OF THIS STUDY WAS TO INVESTIGATE THE INFLUENCE OF AGE ON THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THYROID FUNCTION AND MORTALITY.DESIGN THE NIJMEGEN BIOMEDICAL STUDY IS A POPULATION-BASED STUDY COMPRISING 5.816 RANDOMLY SELECTED ADULTS OF ALL AGE GROUPS WITHOUT PREVIOUSLY KNOWN THYROID DISEASE.METHODS THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE (TSH), FREE THYROXINE (FT4) ...
Shook Robin P RP Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, LA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether moderate cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) or moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is associated with elevations in resting metabolic rate (RMR) similar to findings previously observed in endurance athletes. Using a cross-sectional design, we measured CRF, RMR, body composition, energy expenditure, and time in MVPA via an arm-based ...
Yu Chin-Yi CY Section of Neurology, Department of Internal Medicine, Taipei Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei, - - 2014
Olfactory dysfunction is a non-motor feature of Parkinson's disease (PD) that appears at an early stage. The University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) is the most widely used test for olfactory dysfunction, with multiple language versions available, including one in Traditional Chinese (UPSIT-TC). However, the UPSIT-TC has rarely been ...
Pardo Berta Murillo BM Departamento de Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal, Universidad de Zaragoza, Huesca C.P. 22002 España. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the effects of a school-based intervention called Sigue la Huella (Follow the Footstep) on adolescents' daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). This quasi-experimental, cohort study took place in four secondary schools in Huesca (Spain) during the 2009-2010, 2010-2011, and 2011-2012 academic years (students aged 12-15 years). Two schools were ...
Engelina S S Division of Biomedical Sciences (Anatomy), St. George's, University of London, SW17 0RE, United - - 2014
There is thought to be a link between vastus medialis oblique (VMO) architecture and patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Historical data are largely derived from older populations, whereas PFPS commonly affects younger populations. The aim of this study was to gather data on VMO architecture in young asymptomatic adults, to provide ...
Salthouse Timothy A - - 2014
Objective: Prior research has found that within-person standard deviations across different neuropsychological domains are larger in various clinical groups than in healthy control groups, but little is known about the specificity of these measures to clinical conditions. Method: Within-person standard deviations were computed across composite scores representing episodic memory, perceptual ...
Katsuta Eriko E Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, - - 2014
Age-related differences of clinicopathologic features, outcomes, and molecular properties of hepatocellular carcinoma remain unclarified.. We classified patients who underwent hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma into 3 groups by age bracket; younger group (<50 years), middle-aged group (50 to 79 years), and elderly group (≥80 years) and compared age-related features. Hepatitis viral infection was dominant ...
Izawa Kazuhiro P KP Graduate School of Health Sciences, Kobe University, 10-2 Tomogaoka 7-chome Suma, Kobe, 654-0142, Japan, - - 2014
Little is known about the differences in the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) status in older patients and their relationship to accelerometer-derived measures of physical activity (PA) levels. We determined both differences in daily measured PA based on the GNRI and related cut-off values for PA in elderly cardiac inpatients. ...
Marklund Marie M Department of Orthodontics, Umeå University, 901 87, Umeå, Sweden, - - 2014
The simplicity of oral appliance therapy in the treatment of adult patients with snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has resulted in a worldwide interest for this treatment modality. Mandibular advancement devices (MADs) that hold the lower jaw forward during sleep are mainly indicated for patients with milder OSA and ...
Takaoka Hiroyuki - - 2014
Simulium (Gomphostilbia) leparense sp. nov. is described from females, males, and pupae collected from Peninsular Malaysia. This new species is assigned to the ceylonicum species-group of the subgenus Gomphostilbia, and is characterized by the female and male scuta covered with dark-brown short hairs, smaller number of male upper-eye facets, presence ...
Lane Steven J SJ Department of Biology, Central Michigan University, Mt Pleasant, MI 48858, - - 2014
The effects of flight behavior on physiology and senescence may be profound in insects because of the extremely high metabolic costs of flight. Flight capacity in insects decreases with age; in contrast, limiting flight behavior extends lifespan and slows the age-related loss of antioxidant capacity and accumulation of oxidative damage ...
Sadr Seyed Jalil - - 2014
This study was aimed to evaluate the effect of steam sterilization on the accuracy (within 10%) of friction-style mechanical torque limiting devices (F-S MTLDs) to achieve their target torque values. Fifteen new F-S MTLDs were selected from Astra Tech (25 Ncm, Hader SA, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland), BioHorizons (30 Ncm, Dynatorq ...
Brabo Natalia Casagrande NC Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of occurrence and to characterize the typology of dysfluencies in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD), including the variables age, gender, schooling, disease duration, score on the Hoehn and Yahr scale and cognitive status (score on Mini-Mental State Examination). A cross-sectional ...
Alluwimi Muhammed S MS *MS †PhD, FAAO ‡OD, FAAO Indiana University School of Optometry, Bloomington, Indiana (all - - 2014
To investigate the use of asymmetry analysis to reduce between-subject variability of macular thickness measurements using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Sixty-three volunteers (33 young subjects [aged 21 to 35 years] and 30 older subjects [aged 45 to 85 years]) free of eye disease were recruited. Macular images were gathered ...
Al-Salem Khalil M KM *Department of Ophthalmology, University of Mutah, Al-Karak, Jordan; and †Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, - - 2014
To compare Mini-Cognitive (Mini-Cog) Screening test results between patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and age-matched controls. Two hundred and twenty-nine patients were included in the study. Patients were divided into 3 groups: 56 patients with exudative AMD, mean age of 76 ± 8 years; 82 patients with dry AMD, ...
Habig Christin - - 2014
The objective of the present investigation was to assess the level of stress imposed on two different layer lines kept in a small group housing system Eurovent German with two group sizes and three tiers. A total of 615 Lohmann Selected Leghorn (LSL) and 633 Lohmann Brown (LB) hens were ...
Cho Misuk M Department of Physical Therapy, Korea Nazarene University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pelvic adjustment using Gonstead techniques on posture in female university students. [Subjects] In this study, 30 female university students were selected and divided into a pelvic adjustment group of 15 subjects as an experimental group and a stretching ...
Kim Sunmi S Department of Family Medicine, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, - - 2014
Numerous studies have identified that physical activity (PA) has positive influences on quality of life. However, there has been little domestic research about the relation of PA to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among the general population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of PA on ...
Ungerfeld Rodolfo R Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay. Electronic address: - - 2014
Male homosexual behavior is observed in many ruminant species; seasonality and isolation from females may affect the display of male-male sexual behavior. Our objectives were to determine whether: 1) homosexual behavior has a seasonal pattern in male goats (Capra hircus); 2) isolation from female goats influences the frequency of the ...
Halicioglu Koray - - 2014
The primary purpose was to evaluate condylar and ramal vertical asymmetry in adolescent patients displaying unilateral posterior (UCB) and bilateral posterior crossbite (BCB) malocclusions. A secondary aim was to compare the findings with a matched control group exhibiting normal occlusion (CG) using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The study groups ...
Moshfeghi Mahkameh M Department of Oral and Maxillofacial, Shahid-Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
This study sought to assess symphyseal morphology in adolescents with different mandibular growth patterns (MGPs) in order to see if a relation exists. In this study the symphyseal parameters (height, depth, and ratio) of normal subjects were compared with four groups with malocclusion (cl III vertical, cl II vertical, cl ...
Huang Shu-Hung SH Shu-Hung Huang, MD, is a Plastic Surgeon at the Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; a Student at the Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; an Assistant Professor at the Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; and a Plastic Surgeon at the Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Cen-Hun Lin, MD, is a Surgical Resident at the Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Kao-Ping Chang, MD, PhD, is a Chief of the Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; and Associate Professor at the Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Sheng-Hua Wu, MD, is a Student at the Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; and an Anesthesiologist at the Department of Anesthesia, Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiao-Kang Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Sin-Daw Lin, MD, is a Plastic Surgeon at the Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; and a Professor at the Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Chung-Sheng Lai, MD, PhD, is a Plastic Surgeon at the Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; and a Professor at the Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine whether using Aquacel Ag (ConvaTec, Skillman, New Jersey) with Vaseline (Unilever, London, England) gauze instead of silver sulfadiazine cream (SSD) as the wound care protocol to treat toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) can improve wound healing, pain control, and reduction of labor costs. ...
Novak Melinda A MA Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA; Neuroscience and Behavior Graduate Program, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2014
Hair loss is a common problem in captive macaque colonies. A potential factor is the possible influence of stressful environments in the development of hair loss. We examined the relationship between hair loss and chronic hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity by measuring cortisol in hair. Adult male and female rhesus macaques ...
Caroprese M M Department of the Sciences of Agriculture, Food and Environment (SAFE), University of Foggia, Via Napoli, 25, 71122 Foggia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of supplementation with polyunsaturated fatty acids from different sources on immune regulation and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation in heat-stressed sheep. The experiment was carried out during the summer 2012. Thirty-two Comisana ewes were divided into 4 groups (8 sheep/group): (1) ...
Azarbayejani Saeed S Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Isfahan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, - - 2014
Caucasian norms are still used in the orthodontic treatment of Iranian patients, despite the different ethnic backgrounds of Iranians. The aims of this study were to evaluate the cephalometric features of an Iranian population and to establish cephalometric norms for Iranian living in the central region of Iran (Isfahan). A ...
Ksv Ramesh R Senior Lecturer, Department of Periodontics, Vishnu Dental College , Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India - - 2014
Periodontitis is a multifactorial inflammatory disease which leads to alveolar bone loss, followed by exposure of root surfaces, which results in an unaesthetic appearance. Palatal masticatory mucosa is widely used as a donor tissue for root coverage procedures, to achieve an aesthetic appearance and to meet patient's needs. Obtaining sufficient ...
Owoeye Oluwatoyosi B A OB Orthopaedic/Sports Physiotherapy, Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Lagos , - - 2014
The FIFA 11+ is a structured warm-up programme specially designed to prevent injuries among football players from age 14 years and above. However, studies to prove its efficacy are generally few and it is yet to be tested in male youth footballers and among African players. The purpose of the ...
Arabatzi Fotini F Dept. of Physical Education and Sport Science at Serres, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, - - 2014
This study examined the post-activation potentiation (PAP) effects on squat jump (SJ) performance and on peak rate of force development (RFDpeak) in preadolescent (10-12 y), adolescents (14-15 y) and adults (20-25 y) males and females. All participants performed a SJ with and without prior conditioning stimulus (PAP and control protocol, ...
Abade Eduardo A EA Research Center in Sports, Health Sciences and Human Development, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, - - 2014
Purpose: To provide the time-motion and physiological profile of regular training sessions (TS) performed during the competitive season by under-15 (U15), under-17 (U17), and under-19 (U19) elite-level Portuguese soccer players. Methods: One hundred fifty-one elite players of U15 (age 14.0 ± 0.2 y, n = 56), U17 (age 15.8 ± ...
Jin Bo - - 2014
This paper describes a walking-age pattern analysis and identification system using a 3-D accelerometer and a gyroscope. First, a walking pattern database from 79 volunteers of ages ranging from 10 to 83 years is constructed. Second, using feature extraction and clustering, three distinct walking-age groups, children of ages 10 and below, ...
Fleckenstein Monika M Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bonn, Bonn, - - 2014
To further characterize a subgroup of patients exhibiting the fundus autofluorescence (FAF) "diffuse-trickling" phenotype associated with geographic atrophy (GA). In the context of the Fundus Autofluorescence in Age-Related Macular Degeneration (FAM) Study, patients with diffuse-trickling GA were examined and characterized by FAF and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography imaging. Age, sex ...
Mpakama T - - 2014
The objective of the study was to determine the effects of animal related factors on bruising in slaughter cattle, creatine kinase (CK) and beef quality. Three hundred and twenty one cattle from three breeds (108 Bonsmara, 130 Beefmaster and 83 Brahman) were used in this study. The animals were grouped ...
Eroglu M M Department of Emergency Medicine, Haydarpasa Teaching Hospital, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Istanbul, Turkey. - - 2014
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning leads to cardiac dysrhythmia. Increased heterogeneity in ventricular repolarisation on electrocardiogram (ECG) shows an increased risk of arrhythmia. A number of parameters are used to evaluate ventricular repolarisation heterogeneity on ECG. The aim of our study is to investigate the effect of acute CO poisoning on ...
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