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Results 301 - 350 of 4453
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Davanipour Zoreh Z Department of Neurology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, - - 2014
This report is the first study of the possible relationship between extremely low frequency (50-60 Hz, ELF) magnetic field (MF) exposure and severe cognitive dysfunction. Earlier studies investigated the relationships between MF occupational exposure and Alzheimer's disease (AD) or dementia. These studies had mixed results, depending upon whether the diagnosis ...
Lee Seon Ha SH Graduate Program in Speech and Language Pathology, Yonsei University, Seoul, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to investigate if performance in a 30-s verbal semantic fluency task (i.e. animal naming) across five elderly aged groups (60-64; 65-69; 70-74; 75-79; 80-84 years) would be reflective of aging effect. We analyzed differences in performance across 5-s phases and the moment of first ...
Pretorius K K Safety and Peace Promotion Research Unit, Medical Research Council-University of South Africa, Tygerberg, Western Cape, South - - 2014
In South Africa, injuries are the third leading cause of death and disability. Children are especially susceptible to unintentional injuries, especially pedestrian injuries, burns and drowning. Injury risk is informed by children's exposure to adverse environmental circumstances, and individual capacities dependent on developmental maturity. Boys are at greater risk than ...
Mauritz Walter W Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Trauma Hospital 'Lorenz Boehler' , Vienna , Austria - - 2014
Abstract Background: To investigate changes in TBI mortality in Austria during 1980-2012 and to identify causes for these changes. Methods: Statistik Austria provided data (from death certificates) on all TBI deaths from January 1980-December 2012. Data included year/month of death, age, sex, residency of the cases and mechanism of accident. ...
Drescher Marcus A - - 2014
In this study, we examined how the dynamics of shared leadership are related to group performance. We propose that, over time, the expansion of shared leadership within groups is related to growth in group trust. In turn, growth in group trust is related to performance improvement. Longitudinal data from 142 ...
Hammann-Kloss J S JS Department of Radiology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany; Ärztlicher Dienst, Evangelisches Geriatriezentrum Berlin gGmbH, Reinickendorfer Straße 61, 13347 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the physiological changes in breast composition with aging using volumetric breast composition measurement from digital mammograms and to assess the effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT). A total of 764 consecutive mammograms of 208 non-HRT using women and 508 mammograms of 134 HRT-using women were analyzed using a ...
Uefuji Atsuo A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) does not heal spontaneously after injury, and patients of different ages respond differently to treatment. CD34+ stem/progenitor cells derived from the ACL remnant and associated tissues contribute to tendon-bone healing, but the relationship between age and the ACL's healing potential has not been clarified. HYPOTHESIS:The ...
Hung Giun-Yi GY Division of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China, - - 2014
Primary bone cancer (BC) incidence by age has not been surveyed in Asia. The incidence patterns of nine subtypes of primary BCs registered between 2003 and 2010 were analyzed from Taiwan cancer registry data. More specific analyses were conducted within age groups (Group I: 0-24 years; Group II: 25-59 years; and Group ...
Temiz A A Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Çanakkale 18 Mart University, 17110, Çanakkale, Turkey, - - 2014
Hypertension (HTN) is common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Both HTN and RA have a negative impact on echocardiographically determined parameters including wall thickness, chamber diameter, diastolic function, epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and carotid intima media thickness (CIMT). We aimed to demonstrate the effect of HTN on these parameters in ...
Hernández-Velasco X X a Departamento de Medicina y Zootecnia de Aves, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia (FMVZ) , Universidad Nacional Autonóma de México (UNAM) , México , D. F ., - - 2014
Abstract 1. An experiment was designed to evaluate the effect of different doses of oocysts of E. acervulina on intestinal absorption and skin deposition of xanthophylls (XA) in broilers. 2. A total of 192 broiler chickens were randomly assigned to 4 groups: an uninfected control group and three groups inoculated ...
Callewaert Margot M a Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences , Ghent University , Ghent , - - 2014
Abstract This study aimed to determine indicators of sailing performance in 2 (age) groups of youth sailors by investigating the anthropometric, physical and motor coordination differences and factors discriminating between elite and non-elite male optimist sailors and young dynamic hikers. Anthropometric measurements from 23 optimist sailors (mean ± SD age ...
Miarka Bianca B a Martial Arts and Combat Sports Research Group - School of Physical Education and Sport , University of São Paulo , São Paulo , - - 2014
Abstract The aim of the study was to verify differences between age groups of female judo matches in time-motion and technical-tactical analysis. The sample was composed of pre-cadet (13-14 years, n = 148), cadet (15-16 years, n = 228), junior (17-19 years, n = 104) and senior (>20 years, n = 237) groups. The time-motion indicators consisted of ...
Alluwimi Muhammed S MS *MS †PhD, FAAO ‡OD, FAAO Indiana University School of Optometry, Bloomington, Indiana (all - - 2014
To investigate the use of asymmetry analysis to reduce between-subject variability of macular thickness measurements using spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Sixty-three volunteers (33 young subjects [aged 21 to 35 years] and 30 older subjects [aged 45 to 85 years]) free of eye disease were recruited. Macular images were gathered ...
Aylward Lesa L LL Summit Toxicology LLP, Falls Church, VA, USA; National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology (ENTOX), University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Australian national biomonitoring for persistent organic pollutants (POPs) relies upon age-specific pooled serum samples to characterize central tendencies of concentrations but does not provide estimates of upper bound concentrations. This analysis compares population variation from biomonitoring datasets from the US, Canada, Germany, Spain, and Belgium to identify and test patterns ...
De Marco Arianna A Fondazione Ethoikos, Radicondoli, Italy; Parco Faunistico di Piano dell'Abatino, Poggio San Lorenzo, Italy; Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie della Cognizione, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Rome, - - 2014
Males living in multi-male groups are both strong rivals and potential allies. In several primate species they regularly interact through ritualized exchanges known as greetings. We studied five captive groups of Tonkean macaques (Macaca tonkeana) to test five hypotheses regarding the social function of greetings. We found that greetings were ...
Heinen Andre A Department of Cardiovascular Physiology, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Universitätsstr. 1, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany; Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Düsseldorf, Moorenstr. 5, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The beneficial effects of many cardioprotective strategies including ischemic or pharmacological conditioning are reduced in the aged heart. The underlying reason(s) for the age-dependent loss of cardioprotection is unclear. Recently, we demonstrated that protein kinase A (PKA) dependent cardioprotection is lost in the aged heart. However, activation of large-conductance Ca(2+)-sensitive ...
Gavriel Haim H Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, 70300, Zerifin, Israel, - - 2014
The clinical presentation of peritonsillar abscess (PTA) in patients over 40 years is scarcely reported. Since older patients present differently than younger patients, our aim was to investigate possible correlation between illness severity in the older age group and their bacteriologic studies. A retrospective study on all cases of PTA admitted ...
Van Orden Kimberly A KA *Address correspondence to Kimberly A. Van Orden, Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, 300 Crittenden Blvd, Box PSYCH, Rochester, NY 14642. E-mail: - - 2014
Objectives: This study examines patterns of endorsements of active suicide ideation (SI), passive SI (synonymous with death ideation), and psychological distress (i.e., depressive and anxious symptomatology) in a sample of vulnerable older adults.Methods: Data were collected via in-home interviews with aging services care management clients aged 60 years and older ...
Baron Ida Sue - - 2014
Objective: To examine whether a one-factor executive function (EF) model fit data for three groups of children differing in birth criteria (extremely low birth weight [ELBW], late preterm [LPT], and Term) at each of two chronological ages, 3 and 6 years, and whether the latent mean amount of EF differed. ...
Arriola-Guillén Luis Ernesto LE a Associate Professor, Division of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad Científica del Sur-UCSUR, and Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, UNMSM, Lima, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare the anterior dentoalveolar and skeletal maxillary cephalometric factors involved in excessive upper incisor crown exposure (UICE) in subjects with skeletal open bite Class II (SOBCIIG) and Class III (SOBCIIIG) against an untreated control group (CG). Materials and Methods: Seventy pretreatment lateral cephalograms of orthodontic young adult ...
Kim Giyeon - - 2014
The present study examines the effect of race/ethnicity on measurement equivalence of the Everyday Discrimination Scale (EDS; Williams, Yu, Jackson, & Anderson, 1997). Drawn from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES; Alegría, Jackson, Kessler, & Takeuchi, 2008), adults aged 18 and older from four racial/ethnic groups were selected for analyses: ...
Copić Nemanja N 1University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Serbia 2Serbian Institute of Sport and Sports Medicine, Belgrade, Serbia 3Department of Kinesiology and Applied Physiology, and Biomechanics and Movement Science Graduate Program, University of Delaware, - - 2014
Studies of the role of various anthropometric, physiological and biomechanical variables in performance of rapid movements have generally revealed inconsistent findings. Within the present study we tested the hypotheses that (1) both body composition and leg extensor strength variables would reveal significant relationship with jumping performance, while (2) the same ...
Kopydlowski Nathan J NJ University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
This cadaveric study aimed to determine if acetabular retroversion demonstrates predictable changes with age that could inform understanding of factors that may contribute to the pathophysiology of femoroacetabular impingement. Two-hundred forty pelves were divided into young and old groups. Version was measured at the cranial (5mm below superior rim), central ...
Pan Ling-Yen LY Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Villa Grand-Montfleury, Chemin du Grand-Montfleury 48, 1290, Versoix, - - 2014
The significance of physical activity has been noticed. However, the dynamic change and the heterogeneity of physical activity patterns among older people are little explored. This study aimed to identify the trajectory patterns of engaging in physical activity over time and its related factors. Nationally representative four-wave panel data from ...
Persson Ingemar I Enheten för läkemedelssäkerhet, Medical Products - - 2014
'We thank Lars Andersson for his relevant and important query regarding the numbers of T1D cases observed from the Patient Registry in our study population. We probed the reasons for the discrepant numbers by age groups as compared with the SWEDIABKIDS registry and considered the possible consequences for the interpretation ...
Ma Jingbo J State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, - - 2014
Compared with dairy and beef cattle, few data are available on the occurrence and distribution of Cryptosporidium species in yaks, which live in a very different habitat. In this study, 327 fecal specimens were collected from yaks in 4 counties in Qinghai Province of China and screened for Cryptosporidium by ...
Fleckenstein Monika M Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bonn, Ernst-Abbe-Str. 2, Bonn, 53127, - - 2014
Purpose: To further characterize a subgroup of patients exhibiting the fundus autofluorescence (FAF) "diffuse-trickling" phenotype associated with geographic atrophy (GA). Methods: In the context of the Fundus Autofluorescence in Age related Macular Degeneration (FAM) Study, patients with "diffuse-trickling" GA were examined and characterized by FAF and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography ...
Richard Stephanie A SA Program in Global Disease Epidemiology and Control, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Heath, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, - - 2014
Diarrhea and linear growth faltering continue to burden low-income countries and are among the most important contributors to poor health during early childhood. Diarrhea is thought to adversely affect linear growth, but catch-up growth can occur if no additional insults are experienced. We sought to characterize catch-up growth in relation ...
Fraser Lorna K LK 1Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, - - 2014
Background:Numbers of children and young people with life-limiting conditions are rising, and increasing lifespans require young adults with life-limiting condition to transit to appropriate adult services.Aim:To describe the prevalence of life-limiting condition in children and young adults by age, sex, diagnostic group, ethnicity and deprivation.Design:A secondary analysis of the English ...
Dotzauer Mandy M a University Medical Center Groningen , Department of Neurology, Neuropsychology Unit , Hanzeplein 1, AB 60, 9700 RB Groningen, Netherlands . m.dotzauer@umcg.nl , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: An Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) provided information about speed limits, speed, speeding, and following distance. Information was presented to the participants by means of a head up display (HUD). Methods: Effects of the information on speed and headway control were studied in a longer-term driving simulator study ...
Okamura Takuma T Department of Gastroenterology, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, - - 2014
Eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) at a younger age is considered to be effective in preventing gastric cancer. This study assessed the characteristics of eradication therapy in young patients. We enrolled 1073 patients with H. pylori infection between 2000 and 2013. The subjects were divided into three groups according to age ...
Artis Monica L - - 2014
The African malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, needs surface water in order to lay their eggs. In many parts of Africa, there are dry periods varying from days to months in length when suitable larval sites are not available and female mosquitoes experience oviposition-site deprivation (OSD). Previous studies have shown that ...
Fukuda Hiroyuki H From the Gastroenterological Center (H.F., K.N., S. Moriya, Y.S., T.I., A.N., M.K., M.M., K.T.), Department of Gastroenterology (S. Maeda), Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology (K.S., S. Morita), and Clinical Research Coordinating Center (K.S., S. Morita, K.T.), Yokohama City University Medical Center, 4-57 Urafune-cho, Minami-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 232-0024, - - 2014
Purpose To retrospectively compare radiofrequency ablation (RFA) combined with the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib (hereafter, sorafenib-RFA) and RFA alone in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained. Between January 2007 and December 2011, 16 patients (mean age, 72.8 years; age ...
Sanchez-Salcedo Pablo P Clinica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), although frequent in older individuals, can also occur at younger age; this latter population has not been well described.We reviewed the functional progression of 1708 patients with COPD attending pulmonary clinics. Those with three or more annual spirometries were divided into those who, at enrolment, ...
Pinna A A Laboratory of Veterinary Bacteriology, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ 24210-130, - - 2014
The objective was to investigate potential differences between two Leptospira serovars, host-adapted (Bratislava) and incidental (Copenhageni), in causing reproductive disorders in mares. From August 2009 to March 2011, 608 adult recipient mares from eight studs located in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were screened for leptospirosis. These mares ...
Justice Jamie N JN 354 UCB, Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado Boulder, CO, 80309-0354, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Declines in neuromuscular function, including measures of mobility, muscle strength, steadiness, and patterns of muscle activation, accompany advancing age and are often associated with reduced quality of life and mortality. Paradoxically, older adults are less fatigable than young adults in some tasks. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Zaghal Zaid Ali ZA *Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, and †Department of Diagnostic Radiology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, - - 2014
To identify the relationship between the vertical portion of the facial nerve and the tympanic annulus, using computed tomographic (CT) scans of healthy adult and pediatric patients. A retrospective review of CT scans. The study was conducted in a tertiary referral medical center. After excluding ears with noted pathology, a ...
Matsui Yasumoto Y Department of Advanced Medicine (Orthopedic - - 2014
To investigate the association of grip strength and activities of daily living independence in older adults, using a newly-developed grip strength measuring device. Patients who visited the clinic for memory disorders at the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology (142 men and 205 women, mean age 74.8 ± 8.8 years) were included ...
Barry Lisa C LC 1Center on Aging, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, - - 2014
The prevalence of co-occurring mental illness and poor physical functioning among inmates, and whether there are differences according to age or gender, is largely unknown. Of the 315 new inmate admissions into Connecticut's jails with a current psychiatric diagnosis, 97 (30.9%) had poor physical function. Compared with inmates aged 18 ...
Loudon Janice K JK 1Division of Physical Therapy, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina; 2Sport and Spine, Overland Park, Kansas; and 3Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, University of Kansas, Kansas City, - - 2014
Loudon, JK, Parkerson-Mitchell, AJ, Hildebrand, LD, and Teague, C. Functional movement screen scores in a group of running athletes. J Strength Cond Res 28(4): 909-913, 2014-The purpose of this study was to determine the mean values of the functional movement screen (FMS) in a group of long-distance runners. The secondary ...
Saville Paul D PD Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Interpersonal feedback from coaches may be instrumental in the formation of children's self-efficacy to learn or perform sport skills. We report on two studies that explored perceived sources of self-efficacy and relation-inferred self-efficacy (RISE) in one-on-one interviews with sport camp participants (N = 61; ages 7-12) and focus groups with ...
Ponciano-Rodriguez Guadalupe G 1 Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Departamentos de Farmacología y Salud Pública, México, D.F., Mexico - - 2014
Abstract Aim: We aimed to examine the prevalence of early changes in some components of metabolic syndrome after smoking cessation. Methods: Forty-eight heavy smokers from the Tobacco Cessation Clinic (24 women/24 men), average age of 49.4 years, were included in this study. They smoked a mean of 19.92 cigarettes per ...
Mackay Megan M School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Wits, 2050, South - - 2014
Abstract Early separation from a family is stressful for young mammals, but might be more stressful for group-living than solitary species. Using juvenile males of three African striped mice Rhabdomys taxa that are either group (R. pumilio) or solitary (R. dilectus dilectus and R. d. chakae) living, we predicted greater ...
Kurita Kazuki K Department of Zoology, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwakecho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, - - 2014
We assessed the historical biogeography of the Ryukyu five-lined skink, Plestiodon marginatus, and related species (P. stimpsonii and P. elegans). Our specific aims were to reveal the origin, tim- ing, and route of the colonization to three volcanic islands in the northern Tokara Group of the northern Ryukyus: Kuchinoshima, Nakanoshima, ...
Shin Young-Chul YC From the Department of Psychiatry (YCS, SWL), Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; Department of Psychiatry, Gangnam Eulji Hospital, Eulji Addiction Institute, and Department of Addiction Rehabilitation and Social welfare (SWC), Eulji University, Korea; Department of Psychiatry (JH), Sejong General Hospital, Bucheon, Korea; Eulji Addiction Institute (JYM), Eulji University, Korea; Department of Psychiatry (JSC), SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, Korea; and Department of Psychiatry (DJK), Seoul St Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
This study examined differences in the clinical and treatment-related features of pathological gambling (PG) on the basis of the age of PG onset among pathological gamblers who sought treatment. A total of 702 male outpatients with a primary diagnosis of PG and who were treated in a clinical practice were ...
Son Hyung Min HM Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, Ulsan, - - 2014
This study was performed to evaluate occupational and fall injuries presenting to the ED, the risk factors associated with falls among all occupational injuries, and factors affecting prognosis. Data from ED-based Occupational Injury Surveillance System were analysed to investigate the occupational injuries. The 2147 occupational injury subjects were divided into ...
Barchetti F F Department of Radiology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. - - 2014
To assess bone density of kneecaps in subjects with femoro-tibial prothesis before and after surgery by means of DEXA examination. We examined 34 patients with unilateral femoro-tibial prosthesis, 20 healthy subjects of the same age and non-carriers of knee replacement and 14 healthy young adult subjects. All the data sets ...
Kosenko P M PM Far-Eastern State Medical University, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Khabarovsk, Russia, - - 2014
We studied age-specific features of peripheral electrogastroenterography (PEGEG) parameters and their influence on the assessment of findings. In 28 individuals divided into "young" (mean age 21.4 ± 2.7 years) and "elderly" (63.0 ± 7.2 years) subgroups, parameters of PEGEG were analyzed by comparing the group mean values (Mann-Whitney test) and ...
Miret Marta M Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM, Spain; Department of Psychiatry, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain; Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Universitario de La Princesa, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IP), Madrid, - - 2014
Little is known about whether the prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts has changed in the wake of the economic crisis. The aim of this study was to estimate current prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts in the general population in Spain, to compare it with the prevalence found before ...
Monaco Annalisa - - 2014
Recently, it has been proposed that obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is characterized by an imbalance in autonomic nervous tone. Pupil size has been considered a valid test for studying the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Pupillometry is a simple and non-invasive tool to assess the size and dynamics of the ...
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