Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 3996
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Müller T R TR Department of Animal Reproduction and Radiology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science-FMVZ, São Paulo State University-UNESP, Rubião Júnior District, Botucatu, São Paulo, - - 2014
The thyroid gland was assessed by ultrasound in healthy euthyroid mixed-breed medium size dogs in different age groups. The objective was to verify ultrasonographic imaging patterns in these groups, as well as to identify possible changes in imaging features resulting from ageing. Thirty dogs - 10 young (<1 year), 10 adult ...
Zheng Dong-Mei DM College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, 210016, - - 2014
To study the differences in a special region (SR) corresponding to five internal organs between the young and the elderly and to verify the effectiveness of a developed system for objectifying research in colour inspections of Chinese medicine (CICM). An image acquisition device imitating daylight to meet the requirement of ...
Foo Marcus M Division of Radiation Oncology and Cancer Imaging, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre , Melbourne, Victoria , - - 2014
Background. Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for squamous cell carcinoma of the anus (SCCA) may cause significant toxicity, and concerns exist about its tolerability in the elderly. The authors compared tolerability and outcomes across the age groups following CRT for SCCA. Methods. Single-institution retrospective analysis of patients with localized SCCA treated with CRT. ...
Silva Danilo R DR a Faculty of Psychology, University of Lisbon , - - 2014
The effect of color on the production of responses to the Rorschach task has been considered by investigators from 2 different positions: (a) that color has little effect on the production of responses, and (b) that color increases the number of responses. Some previous results found by the current investigators ...
Chao Ting-Ting TT Medical Research Center, Cardinal Tien Hospital, School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University , New Taipei , Taiwan - - 2014
Abstract Background: The white blood cell (WBC) count was one of the first inflammatory markers associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Recently, two longitudinal studies have demonstrated a cause and effect relationship between MetS and WBC counts among middle-aged adults. However, no study has used WBC cutoff values to predict MetS ...
Bosman E E Medfem Clinic, Bryanston, South - - 2014
The IVF outcome of a group of hyperinsulinaemic men (group B) was compared with a group of IVF males with normal insulin levels (group A). The participating females in the study groups were younger than 38 years old, had blocked Fallopian tubes and/or endometriosis, had normal insulin levels and produced five ...
Yum Hae Ri HR Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate changes in ocular factors according to the binocular disparity in three-dimensional (3D) images and age after watching 3D display. A total of 38 volunteers were enrolled, and they watched a 3D display with a 1° or 3° disparity for 30 min at an interval of 1 week. The ...
Detti Laura L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate whether administration of goserelin, a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist, could prevent acute or chronic ovarian insufficiency from cyclophosphamide (CTX) administration to prepubertal mice. Animal study. University center. C57BL/6J mouse strain. Goserelin administered on day 13 of life, CTX on day 18 of life, euthanasia on day 20 (prepubertal), ...
Dalton Brian H BH Canadian Centre for Activity and Aging, School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada; School of Kinesiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Department of Human Physiology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon. Electronic address: - - 2014
Human adult aging is associated with a loss of strength, contractile velocity and hence, power. The principal plantar flexors, consisting of the bi-articular gastrocnemeii and the mono-articular soleus, appear to be affected differently by the aging process. However, the age-related effect of knee joint angle on the torque-angular velocity relationship ...
Healey Natasha N University of Ulster, Coleraine, UK; The Royal Group of Hospitals, Belfast, UK; Altnagelvin Area Hospital, Altnagelvin, - - 2014
To explore the onset and progression of spherical refractive error in a population with infantile nystagmus syndrome. Retrospective refractive error data were obtained from 147 medical records of children with infantile nystagmus syndrome (albinism n = 98; idiopathic infantile nystagmus n = 49), attending a low vision clinic in Northern Ireland, over a 24 year ...
Ito Tsuyoshi T Department of Evolution and Phylogeny, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Inuyama, Aichi, 484-8506, - - 2014
The widespread and complex ecogeographical diversity of macaques may have caused adaptive morphological convergence among four phylogenetic subgroups, making their phylogenetic relationships unclear. We used geometric morphometrics and multivariate analyses to test the null hypothesis that craniofacial morphology does not vary with ecogeographical and phylogenetic factors. As predicted by Bergmann's ...
Taylor B M BM School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, - - 2014
Fishery-independent sampling was used to determine growth patterns, life span, mortality rates and timing of maturation and sex change in 12 common parrotfishes (Labridae: tribe Scarinae) from five genera (Calotomus, Cetoscarus, Chlorurus, Hipposcarus and Scarus) in Micronesia. Interspecific variation in life-history traits was explored using multivariate analysis. All species displayed ...
van Dommelen Paula P Department of Life Style, TNO, Leiden, The - - 2014
It is known that height and body mass index (BMI) are correlated in childhood. However, its impact on the (trend of) national prevalence rates of overweight and obesity has never been investigated. The aim of our study is to investigate the relation between height and national prevalence rates of overweight ...
Carazo Pau P 1] Edward Grey Institute, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK - - 2014
To resolve the mechanisms that switch competition to cooperation is key to understanding biological organization. This is particularly relevant for intrasexual competition, which often leads to males harming females. Recent theory proposes that kin selection may modulate female harm by relaxing competition among male relatives. Here we experimentally manipulate the ...
Soltani Majid M Department of Speech Therapy, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
This study was designed to investigate changes in fundamental frequency (F0) across the life span in Persian speakers. Four hundred children and adults were asked to produce a sustained phonation of vowel /a/ and their voice samples were studied in 10 age groups. F0 was analyzed using the software Praat ...
Sun Hai-Tao HT Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100038, China; Beijing Stomatological Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, - - 2014
The present study was designed to investigate (1) whether the non-human primate would be an appropriate animal model for the study of spontaneous periodontitis and its association with metabolic syndrome (MetS), and (2) whether microRNAs (miRNAs) play roles in the co-development of metabolic disorders and periodontitis. Rhesus monkeys (aged 12-29 ...
Sineshaw Helmneh M HM Surveillance and Health Services Research, American Cancer Society, Inc., 250 Williams Street NW, Atlanta, GA, 30303, USA, - - 2014
Previous studies documented significant increase in overall survival for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) since the late 1990s coinciding with the introduction and dissemination of new treatments. We examined whether this survival increase differed across major racial/ethnic populations and age groups. We identified patients diagnosed with primary metastatic colorectal cancer during ...
Berg Johanna - - 2014
Deaths from coronary heart disease (CHD) have been decreasing in most Western countries over the last few decades. In contrast, a flattening of the decrease in mortality has been recently reported among younger age groups in some countries. We aimed to determine whether the decrease in CHD mortality is flattening ...
Park Sang Woo SW Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Sungkyunkwan University Changwon Samsung Medical Center, Changwon, Republic of - - 2014
The nasal septum plays an important role in nasal growth, but there have been few reports on the relationship between the septum and nasal growth. The authors investigated the relationship between septa and external noses using computed tomography during the growth period. One hundred and ninety-eight patients under the age ...
Zidverc-Trajkovic Jasna J Neurology Clinic, Clinical Center of Serbia, - - 2014
The age of onset of cluster headache (CH) attacks most commonly is between 20 and 40 years old, although CH has been reported in all age groups. There is increasing evidence of CH with early or late onset and a different course of the disorder. The aim of the study ...
O'Kane John W JW University of Washington Sports Medicine Clinic, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Despite recent increased awareness about sports concussions, little research has evaluated concussions among middle-school athletes. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the frequency and duration of concussions in female youth soccer players and to determine if concussions result in stopping play and seeking medical care. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Prospective cohort study ...
Findik Yavuz Y From the Departments of *Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, †Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta, - - 2014
The authors analyzed the anatomic location differences of the mandibular foramen (MF) and lingula in a cone beam computed tomography study, aiming to obtain information that could be used when performing mandibular osteotomies and the inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB). Three-dimensional mandibular computed tomography images were reconstructed from data for ...
Willershausen Brita - - 2014
Extended exposure to high-speed handpieces and other noise-intensive devices might put dentists at risk for possible hearing impairment. The aim of this study was to determine the hearing ability of dentists and other scientists for comparison. After approval by the ethics committee, 115 subjects (dentists and other academic professionals as ...
Wang Wenqiao W Department of Respiratory Medicine, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University. Electronic address: - - 2014
We enrolled 1772 subjects who underwent pulmonary function test before preoperative examination in our study. Pre-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), vital capacity (VC) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were measured as primary data. According to the numerical relationship between VCmax and FVC, two groups were divided: VCmax>FVC; ...
Wild Michael M Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Klinikum Darmstadt, Darmstadt, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate age differences in the response of the spine and pelvis to simulated leg length inequalities (LLIs). A total of 107 subjects, separated into three age groups (group 1: 20-39 years, group 2: 40-59 years, group 3: >60 years), were used to evaluate for any age effects ...
Best Stuart S 1 Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, United - - 2014
We compared the effect of age- and sex-related differences in haemodynamics, blood volume (BV) and left ventricular (LV) size and mass on resting muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in healthy, normotensive adults. Twenty young men (19-47yrs) and 20 young women (21-46yrs) as well as 15 older men (62-80yrs) and 15 ...
Favre Julien J Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare age-related patterns of gait with patterns associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA), the following hypotheses were tested: H1) The sagittal-plane knee function during walking is different between younger and older asymptomatic subjects; H2) The age-related differences in H1 are increased in patients with knee OA. Walking trials were collected ...
Davari Tanha F F Associate professor of OBS&GYN,Department of endocrinology and reproductive medicine,Women's hospital, Tehran university of medical sciences, Women hospital, Karimkhan avenue, Tehran, - - 2014
Infertility is a distressing health condition that has diverse effects on couples' lives. One of the most affected aspects of life in infertile women is sexual function, which is a key factor in physical and marital health. The goal of this study was to evaluate sexual function according to the ...
Walsh Karin S KS a Children's National Medical Center & The George Washington University Medical Center , Washington , DC , - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate parent-rated executive function (EF) in pediatric standard risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (SR-ALL) survivors compared to a healthy comparison (HC) group. We hypothesized that SR-ALL survivors would have greater reported executive dysfunction compared to HC, and that those younger at the time of treatment would demonstrate greater ...
Ikeda Kazumi K Private Practice, Tokyo, - - 2014
There has been no study on the prevalence of disc displacement (DD) of different levels in children and adolescents with adequate sample size using magnetic resonance images (MRIs). This retrospective cross-sectional study was designed to investigate the relationship between increasing age and the prevalence of DD of various severities in ...
Langergraber Kevin E KE Department of Anthropology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Primatology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, - - 2014
Chimpanzees are frequently used to illustrate the relationship between sex differences in dispersal and sex differences in cooperation in primates and other group-living mammals. Male chimpanzees are highly philopatric, typically remaining in their natal communities for their entire lives to cooperate with related males in competition against less related males ...
Jiang Xuejin - - 2014
Elevated blood pressure (BP) in childhood was a predictor of hypertension in adulthood and contributes to the current epidemic of cardiovascular disease. It is necessary to identify abnormal BP in children and adolescents with accurate BP tables based on several crucial factors. The purpose of this study was to identify ...
Xue Jianping J U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Exposure Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, - - 2014
Studies have shown that the US population continues to be exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), despite their ban more than three decades ago, but the reasons are not fully understood. The objectives of this paper are to characterize patterns of PCBs in blood by age, gender, and ethnicity, and identify ...
Janssen I I Biomechanics Research Laboratory, Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia; AIS Movement Science, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, - - 2014
Patellar tendinopathy is the most common overuse knee injury in volleyball, with men reporting more than twice the injury prevalence than women. Although high patellar tendon loading is thought to be a causative factor of patellar tendinopathy, it is unknown whether between-sex variations in landing technique account for differences in ...
Nilsson Charlotte Juul CJ Section of Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, , Copenhagen, - - 2014
Mobility-related fatigue and low socioeconomic position predicts mobility limitations and disability in old age, but the interplay between these two factors is unknown. To evaluate whether mobility-related fatigue is a stronger risk factor for mobility limitations in certain socioeconomic groups, the aim of this study was to examine the combined ...
Dólleman M M Department of Reproductive Medicine and Gynaecology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
In the prediction of time to menopause (TTM), what is the added value of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) when mother's age at natural menopause (ANM) is also known? AMH is a more accurate predictor of individual TTM than mother's age at menopause. Mother's ANM is considered a proxy for daughter's ANM ...
Ahmed Sohail S Darlington Memorial Hospital, Hollyhurst Road, Darlington DL3-6HX, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated factors associated with post-operative mortality rates in those aged ≥60, and in particular, the relative survival of age bands within this group. Secondary analysis of a large comprehensive cohort of the elderly treated for colorectal cancer in the North of England during 1998-2003. We investigated seven risk factors ...
Kim Young-Min - - 2014
Human skin properties have been used as an important diagnostic component in traditional medicine as they change with health conditions. Sasang constitutional medicine (SCM) puts emphasis on the recognition of the constitution-specific skin features prior to the diagnostic decision of health. In this work, in search of skin-characteristics effectively reflecting ...
Norval M M Biomedical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, - - 2014
Data regarding basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma of the skin (SSCC) and cutaneous melanoma (CM) in multiracial populations are sparse. Here the incidence and body site of these tumours in the South African population in 2000-2004 were analysed. Annual age-standardised incidences and body sites of BCC, SSCC and ...
Haysom L L Adolescent Health, Justice Health & Forensic Mental Health Network, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Intellectual disability (ID) is known to be more common in incarcerated groups, especially incarcerated youth. Aboriginal young people have higher rates of ID, and make up half of all youth in juvenile custody in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. We aimed to describe the prevalence of possible ID and borderline ...
Wang Tze-Fang TF School of Nursing, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate factors associated with tooth loss in older Taiwanese adults with different numbers of remaining teeth. This study evaluated oral health status and tooth loss among 2286 adults aged over 65. Subjects were classified according to number of teeth (Group 1 <20 teeth ...
Su Shaobing S a Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatric Prevention Research Center , Wayne State University School of Medicine , Detroit , MI , - - 2014
HIV risk and mental health problems are prevalent among female sex workers (FSWs) in China. The purpose of this research was to study age group differences in HIV risk and mental health problems in this population. In the current study, we divided a sample of 1022 FSWs into three age ...
Teixeira Miriam S MS Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Test the hypothesis that active Eustachian tube opening efficiency as measured by sonotubometry is higher in adults with no extant middle-ear disease and no history of previous otitis media (Group-1) when compared to adults with no middle-ear disease but a positive history for otitis media (Group-2). Eustachian tube function for ...
Kurioka Sumiko S aDepartment of Health Policy and Management, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences bDepartment of Mental Health, Institute of Industrial Ecological Sciences cThe Second Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, - - 2014
Prehypertension is a known risk factor for hypertension in individuals aged less than 20 or more than 35 years, but no large studies have investigated this risk in individuals aged 20-34 years. This study investigated progression to hypertension in nonhypertensive individuals aged 20-34 years and compared this group with individuals ...
Gallagher Nancy Ambrose NA University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
This cross-sectional study examined the association of self-efficacy with neighborhood walking in older adult (M age = 76.1, SD = 8.34) fallers (n = 108) and nonfallers (n = 217) while controlling for demographic characteristics and mobility. Hierarchical multiple regression indicated that the full model explained 39% of the variance ...
Adamo Diane Elizabeth DE Institute of Gerontology, Wayne State University, Detroit, - - 2014
Age-related changes in physical abilities, such as strength and flexibility, contribute to functional losses. However, older individuals may be unaware of what specific physical abilities compromise independent functioning. Three groups of women, aged 60-69, 70-79, 80-92 years, were administered the Senior Fitness Test (SFT) to determine age differences in physical ...
Rauchenzauner Markus M Department of Paediatrics, Saint Vincent Hospital Zams, Zams, - - 2014
Objectives Although previous studies suggest that valproate (VPA) may induce reproductive endocrine disorders, the effects of newer antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) on reproductive endocrine health have not been widely investigated and compared with those of older AEDs. Therefore, this multicenter cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of reproductive endocrine dysfunctions in ...
Miloyan Beyon B School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Little is known about the effects of age on the symptoms of anxiety disorder. Accordingly, this study sought to investigate age-related differences in the number and kind of symptoms that distinguish between individuals with and without a diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Methods: A sample of 3,486 ...
Kimura Tomokazu T Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, - - 2014
To elucidate whether the disease characteristics and prognosis of stage IV prostate cancer treated with primary androgen deprivation therapy differ between young and elderly patients. A total of 3006 patients identified from the database of the Japan Study Group of Prostate Cancer were included in the analysis according to the following ...
Sterclova Martina M Department of Respiratory Diseases, Thomayer Hospital, Videnska 800, Prague 4, 140 00, Czech Republic. - - 2014
Immune response probably changes during human life, being influenced by cummulative exposure to environmental factors and individual genetic background. Patients investigated for suspected interstitial lung disease were prospectively enrolled. After completing the diagnostic process, 121 patients were diagnosed extrinsic allergic alveolitis (EAA) and 136 sarcoidosis. Three groups according to age ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >