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Results 251 - 300 of 4443
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Ungerfeld Rodolfo R Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay. Electronic address: - - 2014
Male homosexual behavior is observed in many ruminant species; seasonality and isolation from females may affect the display of male-male sexual behavior. Our objectives were to determine whether: 1) homosexual behavior has a seasonal pattern in male goats (Capra hircus); 2) isolation from female goats influences the frequency of the ...
Caroprese M M Department of the Sciences of Agriculture, Food and Environment (SAFE), University of Foggia, Via Napoli, 25, 71122 Foggia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of supplementation with polyunsaturated fatty acids from different sources on immune regulation and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation in heat-stressed sheep. The experiment was carried out during the summer 2012. Thirty-two Comisana ewes were divided into 4 groups (8 sheep/group): (1) ...
Jin Bo - - 2014
This paper describes a walking-age pattern analysis and identification system using a 3-D accelerometer and a gyroscope. First, a walking pattern database from 79 volunteers of ages ranging from 10 to 83 years is constructed. Second, using feature extraction and clustering, three distinct walking-age groups, children of ages 10 and below, ...
Owoeye Oluwatoyosi B A OB Orthopaedic/Sports Physiotherapy, Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Lagos , - - 2014
The FIFA 11+ is a structured warm-up programme specially designed to prevent injuries among football players from age 14 years and above. However, studies to prove its efficacy are generally few and it is yet to be tested in male youth footballers and among African players. The purpose of the ...
Brabo Natalia Casagrande NC Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of occurrence and to characterize the typology of dysfluencies in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD), including the variables age, gender, schooling, disease duration, score on the Hoehn and Yahr scale and cognitive status (score on Mini-Mental State Examination). A cross-sectional ...
Habig Christin - - 2014
The objective of the present investigation was to assess the level of stress imposed on two different layer lines kept in a small group housing system Eurovent German with two group sizes and three tiers. A total of 615 Lohmann Selected Leghorn (LSL) and 633 Lohmann Brown (LB) hens were ...
Takaoka Hiroyuki - - 2014
Simulium (Gomphostilbia) leparense sp. nov. is described from females, males, and pupae collected from Peninsular Malaysia. This new species is assigned to the ceylonicum species-group of the subgenus Gomphostilbia, and is characterized by the female and male scuta covered with dark-brown short hairs, smaller number of male upper-eye facets, presence ...
Kim Sunmi S Department of Family Medicine, Kangwon National University Hospital, Chuncheon, - - 2014
Numerous studies have identified that physical activity (PA) has positive influences on quality of life. However, there has been little domestic research about the relation of PA to health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among the general population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of PA on ...
Cho Misuk M Department of Physical Therapy, Korea Nazarene University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pelvic adjustment using Gonstead techniques on posture in female university students. [Subjects] In this study, 30 female university students were selected and divided into a pelvic adjustment group of 15 subjects as an experimental group and a stretching ...
Halicioglu Koray - - 2014
The primary purpose was to evaluate condylar and ramal vertical asymmetry in adolescent patients displaying unilateral posterior (UCB) and bilateral posterior crossbite (BCB) malocclusions. A secondary aim was to compare the findings with a matched control group exhibiting normal occlusion (CG) using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The study groups ...
Eroglu M M Department of Emergency Medicine, Haydarpasa Teaching Hospital, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Istanbul, Turkey. - - 2014
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning leads to cardiac dysrhythmia. Increased heterogeneity in ventricular repolarisation on electrocardiogram (ECG) shows an increased risk of arrhythmia. A number of parameters are used to evaluate ventricular repolarisation heterogeneity on ECG. The aim of our study is to investigate the effect of acute CO poisoning on ...
Ksv Ramesh R Senior Lecturer, Department of Periodontics, Vishnu Dental College , Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India - - 2014
Background: Periodontitis is a multifactorial inflammatory disease which leads to alveolar bone loss, followed by exposure of root surfaces, which results in an unaesthetic appearance. Palatal masticatory mucosa is widely used as a donor tissue for root coverage procedures, to achieve an aesthetic appearance and to meet patient's needs. Obtaining ...
Mpakama T - - 2014
The objective of the study was to determine the effects of animal related factors on bruising in slaughter cattle, creatine kinase (CK) and beef quality. Three hundred and twenty one cattle from three breeds (108 Bonsmara, 130 Beefmaster and 83 Brahman) were used in this study. The animals were grouped ...
Mondini Sara S Department of General Psychology, University of Padua, Via Venezia 8, 35131, Padua, Italy, - - 2014
Cognitive reserve could be defined as the accumulation of experiences, abilities, knowledge and changes that occur throughout the lifespan. One of the most difficult changes in life is the experience of emigrating to a foreign country. The present investigation aimed to compare the cognitive reserve of two paired groups of ...
Geist James R JR University of Detroit Mercy School of - - 2014
Objectives. To determine the prevalence and pathogenesis of ponticulus posticus (PP) and ponticulus lateralis (PL) in children and adolescents. Methods. Cone beam CT scans of 576 patients were examined for PP and PL. The patients were divided into three age groups: 10 years and younger, 11 to 13 years, and ...
El Mouzan Mohammad I MI 1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 3Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 4Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Dhahran Health Center, Saudi Aramco Medical Services Organization, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia; 5Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 6Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; 7Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 8Department of Gastroenterology, Al-Mofarreh Polyclinic, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 9Division of Gastroenterology, King Fahad Medical City, Children's Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 10Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, King Fahd Hospital of the University, University of Dammam, Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia; 11Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Al-Noor Specialist Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; 12Division of Gastroenterology, Maternity and Children's Hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia; 13Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 14Division of Gastroenterology, Maternity and Children's Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; 15Division of Gastroenterology, Makkah Maternity and Children's Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia; and 16Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Prince Sultan Military Medical City. Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is increasingly recognized in developing countries; however, the incidence and trend over time have not been reported. This retrospective study included children diagnosed with IBD in gastroenterology centers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between 2003 and 2012. The date of birth, date and age ...
Lee Kathy Y S KY Institute of Human Communicative Research and Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, The Chinese University of Hong Kong , HKSAR , PR - - 2014
This study aimed at investigating (1) tone perception development among typically-developing Cantonese speakers and (2) the hierarchy of tone perception difficulty among the 15 tone contrasts. Two-hundred typically-developing children aged 3-10 and a group of 25 normal hearing adults were recruited. They were tested on a pool of 75-item calibrated ...
Csermely Gyula G RMC Fetal Medicine - - 2014
Abstract Objective. To analyze the possible association of maternal age with the risk of all congenital abnormalities (CAs) in a population-based large case-matched control data set. Methods. The Hungarian Case-Control Surveillance of Congenital Abnormalities included 21494 cases with isolated CA and their 34,311 matched controls. First the distribution of maternal ...
Shiramoto Masanari M Medical Co. LTA PS Clinic; Fukuoka, - - 2014
This open-label study was designed to assess immunogenicity and safety of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) when administered to Japanese adults aged ≥50 years not previously vaccinated with 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine; and to compare this Japanese study population with similar study populations in the United States (US; 50-64 years ...
Austin Amy E AE From the *Discipline of Anatomy and Pathology, The University of Adelaide; and †Pathology, Forensic Science SA, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
It has been suggested that there is a connection between depression and an increased body mass index (BMI). As depression is related to suicide, a South Australian cohort study was performed to test whether a high BMI may also characterize victims of suicide. Body mass indexes from 100 consecutive cases ...
Li Keqiu K Tianjin Medical University, 22 Qixiangtai Road, Tianjin 300070, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Electronic waste (e-waste) disposal is a growing problem in China, and its effects on human health are a concern. To determine the concentrations of pollutants in peripheral blood and genetic aberrations near an e-waste disposal area in Jinghai, China, blood samples were collected from 30 (age: 41±11.01 years) and 28 ...
Celik Salih S Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Akdeniz University, - - 2014
Age-related legal problems are especially common in underdeveloped parts of Turkey. In terms of civil and criminal law, the ages from 13 years to 18 years are critical in our country. Estimation of age is a very significant in aspect of accordance with laws. The aims of this study were ...
Ram Pradhum P Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal University, - - 2014
Acute poisoning in children is a problem ubiquitous in distribution and is an important paediatric emergency. The present research was aimed to study the pattern and outcome of childhood poisoning under the age of 15 years at a tertiary care centre in South India to characterize the problem of acute ...
Mizuta Masanobu M Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, - - 2014
Objectives: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are associated with aging. Astaxanthin is a strong antioxidant and has been reported to prevent various ROS-induced diseases. In the current study, we investigated the effect of astaxanthin on age-associated histological and mRNA changes of vocal folds. Study design: Prospective animal experiment with control. Methods: ...
Ryu Seon Young SY From the Department of Neurology (S.Y.R.), Daejeon St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Departments of Radiology (S.Y.R., J.-P.C., H.D.R., D.H.S.) and Neurology (H.D.R.), Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston; Harvard-Massachusetts Institute of Technology Division of Health Sciences and Technology (J.-P.C), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge; and VA Boston Healthcare System (D.H.S.), Boston, - - 2014
To investigate the potential relationship between insulin resistance (IR) and white matter (WM) microstructure using diffusion tensor imaging in cognitively healthy middle-aged and older adults. Diffusion tensor imaging was acquired from 127 individuals (age range 41-86 years). IR was evaluated by the homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR). Participants were ...
Skoglund Pontus P Department of Evolutionary Biology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, - - 2014
Prehistoric population structure associated with the transition to an agricultural lifestyle in Europe remains contentious. Population-genomic data from eleven Scandinavian Stone-Age human remains suggest that hunter-gatherers had lower genetic diversity than farmers. Despite their close geographical proximity, the genetic differentiation between the two Stone-Age groups was greater than that observed ...
Xing Deyin D Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL - - 2014
Osteosarcoma occurs most commonly in children and young adults, with a historic second incidence peak in the elderly. Most studies have focused on those occurring in adolescence. Detailed information on descriptive features and prognostic factors in patients of different age groups is lacking. We analyzed 381 osteosarcomas diagnosed between 1973 ...
Pan Sarah S Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Drexel University School of Public Health, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
Underserved minorities are vulnerable to diagnostic delays and under-treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to understand knowledge and attitudes about PD among a racially/ethnically diverse group of community members. In the qualitative arm, ten homogeneous focus groups of 6 to 8 White, African-American and ...
Zammit Andrea R - - 2014
Cognitive function, psychosocial wellbeing and health are important domains of function. Consistencies and inconsistencies in patterns of wellbeing across these domains may be informative about wellbeing in old age and the ways it is manifested amongst individuals. In this study we investigated whether there were groups of individuals with different ...
Hoteit Maha M Calcium Metabolism and Osteoporosis Program, WHO Collaborating Center for Metabolic Bone Disorder, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, - - 2014
The aim of the current study is to investigate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in Lebanese subjects, its robust predictors, evaluate the relationship between 25 hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] and parathyroid hormone levels, and derive desirable vitamin D levels, based on a large hospital laboratory database spanning all age groups. ...
Vande Voort Jennifer L JL Genetic Epidemiology Research Branch in the Intramural Research Program at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) in Bethesda, - - 2014
The present study aims to compare the prevalence and clinical correlates of DSM-IV versus DSM-5-defined attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and subtypes in a nationally representative sample of US youth based on the age-of-onset criterion. The sample includes 1,894 participants 12 to 15 years of age from cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination ...
Robert Maud M Department of Digestive Surgery, Specialized and Integrated Center for Obesity Management, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, 5, place d'Arsonval, 69437, Lyon, France, - - 2014
Obesity prevalence increases in elderly population. Bariatric surgery has been underused in patients over 60 because of fears of complications and lower weight loss. We postulated worse outcomes in the elderly in comparison to young and middle-aged population 1 year after gastric bypass. We retrospectively analyzed gastric bypass outcomes in young ...
Lee Choong Hyun CH Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Dankook University, Cheonan, 330-714, South - - 2014
Dynamin (DNM) plays roles in membrane dynamics, vesicle formation, and transport. In the present study, we compared DNM-1 and DNM-2 protein expressions between the adult (postnatal month 6) and aged (postnatal month 24) gerbil hippocampus using immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis. DNM-1 and DNM-2 immunoreactivities were primarily observed in hippocampal ...
Simard Julia F JF Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; Division of Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
Objective: Worldwide prevalence estimates of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) range from 3-207 per 100,000 depending on region and population, SLE definition, case sources and other methodological considerations. We aimed to determine the prevalence of SLE in Sweden on January 1, 2010 using population-based registers. Methods: Linking multiple national registers we ...
Shin Soojeong S Department of Neurology, Dementia Center, Stroke Center, Ilsan hospital, National Health Insurance Service, Goyang-shi, Republic of - - 2014
Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) are considered to have a high risk for Alzheimer dementia (AD). Even high positive predictive values, however, cannot be guaranteed even by tests with high sensitivity and specificity when disease prevalence is low. If we regard the clinical criteria for aMCI as a ...
Argyropoulos Vassilios V University of Thessaly, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
The research aims of the present study were: (a) to assess the hand preference of blind persons in everyday activities on the basis of gender, type of blindness, and age; and (b) to conduct the above analysis at both the item level and the latent trait level, after concluding the ...
Gras Laura Z LZ 1Department of Physical Therapy, Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York. 2Department of Rehabilitation, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan. 3Department of Psychology, University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri. 4Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, The University of Kansas, Kansas City, Kansas. 5Department of Neurology and Alzheimer and Memory Program, The University of Kansas, Kansas City, - - 2014
Studies have shown that adults with Alzheimer disease (AD) have gait and balance deficits; however, the focus has been on those with mild to severe disease. The purpose of this study was to determine whether balance and gait deficits are present in those with very mild AD. Thirteen adults (72.9 ...
Alvim Ricardo Gonçalves RG *Department of Urology, São José University Hospital †Department of Surgery, Alpha Institute of Gastroenterology and Surgery of the Clinics Hospital ‡Department of Surgery, College of Medicine of the Minas Gerais Federal University (UFMG), Minas Gerais, - - 2014
This study assessed male sexual function using a specific and validated questionnaire, the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), in patients subjected to open total mesorectal excision (OTME) and laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (LTME) and compared it with a control group. The inclusion criteria consisted of male patients with an ...
Gahbauer Alice M AM School of Pharmacy, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2014
To describe patterns of outpatient antibacterial use among California Medicaid (Medi-Cal) fee-for-service system beneficiaries, and to investigate the influence of demographic factors-age, race/ethnicity, state county, and population density-on those patterns. Retrospective analysis of administrative claims data. Medi-Cal fee-for-service system claims database. All outpatient Medi-Cal fee-for-service system beneficiaries enrolled between 2006 ...
Hsu Tai-Yi TY *Department of Emergency Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan; †Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan; ‡Department of Emergency Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan; §Department of Emergency Medicine, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; ¶Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; ‖Department of Emergency, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; **Department of Occupation Medicine, Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan; ††Department of Emergency Medicine, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; ‡‡Department of Physical Education, National Taitung University, Taitung, Taiwan; and §§Department of Emergency Medicine, Taiwan Adventist Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
To examine the effect of ascent rate on the induction of acute mountain sickness (AMS) in young adults during a climb to Jiaming Lake (3350 m) in Taiwan. Prospective, nonrandomized. Climb from 2370 to 3350 m. Young adults (aged 18 to 26 years) (N = 91) chose to participate in ...
Staněk S S Department of Technology and Breeding Technique of Farm Animals, Přátelství 815, Institute of Animal Science, 104 00 Prague 10 - Uhříněves, Czech - - 2014
It is important to describe weaknesses in rearing calves not only to improve their welfare, but also to detect areas where current scientific knowledge is poorly integrated into practice. A survey of preweaning calf-rearing practices was conducted using a farmer questionnaire. The survey included 136 farms, representing 11.9% of all ...
Duce Celia C Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Universita' di Pisa, Via Risorgimento 35, 56127 Pisa, - - 2014
We propose ATR-FTIR spectroscopy for the characterization of the spectral changes in alkyd resin from the Griffin Alkyd Fast Drying Oil Colour range (Winsor & Newton), occurring over 550days (∼18months) of natural ageing and over six months of artificial ageing under an acetic acid atmosphere. Acetic acid is one of ...
Davanipour Zoreh Z Department of Neurology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, - - 2014
This report is the first study of the possible relationship between extremely low frequency (50-60 Hz, ELF) magnetic field (MF) exposure and severe cognitive dysfunction. Earlier studies investigated the relationships between MF occupational exposure and Alzheimer's disease (AD) or dementia. These studies had mixed results, depending upon whether the diagnosis ...
Lee Seon Ha SH Graduate Program in Speech and Language Pathology, Yonsei University, Seoul, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to investigate if performance in a 30-s verbal semantic fluency task (i.e. animal naming) across five elderly aged groups (60-64; 65-69; 70-74; 75-79; 80-84 years) would be reflective of aging effect. We analyzed differences in performance across 5-s phases and the moment of first ...
Pretorius K K Safety and Peace Promotion Research Unit, Medical Research Council-University of South Africa, Tygerberg, Western Cape, South - - 2014
In South Africa, injuries are the third leading cause of death and disability. Children are especially susceptible to unintentional injuries, especially pedestrian injuries, burns and drowning. Injury risk is informed by children's exposure to adverse environmental circumstances, and individual capacities dependent on developmental maturity. Boys are at greater risk than ...
Mauritz Walter W Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Trauma Hospital 'Lorenz Boehler' , Vienna , Austria - - 2014
Abstract Background: To investigate changes in TBI mortality in Austria during 1980-2012 and to identify causes for these changes. Methods: Statistik Austria provided data (from death certificates) on all TBI deaths from January 1980-December 2012. Data included year/month of death, age, sex, residency of the cases and mechanism of accident. ...
Drescher Marcus A - - 2014
In this study, we examined how the dynamics of shared leadership are related to group performance. We propose that, over time, the expansion of shared leadership within groups is related to growth in group trust. In turn, growth in group trust is related to performance improvement. Longitudinal data from 142 ...
Hammann-Kloss J S JS Department of Radiology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117 Berlin, Germany; Ärztlicher Dienst, Evangelisches Geriatriezentrum Berlin gGmbH, Reinickendorfer Straße 61, 13347 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the physiological changes in breast composition with aging using volumetric breast composition measurement from digital mammograms and to assess the effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT). A total of 764 consecutive mammograms of 208 non-HRT using women and 508 mammograms of 134 HRT-using women were analyzed using a ...
Uefuji Atsuo A Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) does not heal spontaneously after injury, and patients of different ages respond differently to treatment. CD34+ stem/progenitor cells derived from the ACL remnant and associated tissues contribute to tendon-bone healing, but the relationship between age and the ACL's healing potential has not been clarified. HYPOTHESIS:The ...
Hung Giun-Yi GY Division of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China, - - 2014
Primary bone cancer (BC) incidence by age has not been surveyed in Asia. The incidence patterns of nine subtypes of primary BCs registered between 2003 and 2010 were analyzed from Taiwan cancer registry data. More specific analyses were conducted within age groups (Group I: 0-24 years; Group II: 25-59 years; and Group ...
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