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Results 201 - 250 of 4547
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McNamara Renae J RJ Clinical and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Department of Physiotherapy, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
The prevalence of physical comorbidities such as obesity, musculoskeletal or neurological conditions in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is high, yet little is known about the impact of these physical comorbidities on physical activity. The primary aim of the study was to compare the physical activity levels of ...
Jairam Pushpa M PM Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To establish age and gender specific reference values for incidental coronary artery and thoracic aorta calcification scores on routine diagnostic CT scans. These reference values can aid in structured reporting and interpretation of readily available imaging data by chest CT readers in routine practice. A random sample of 1572 (57% ...
Park Moon Soo MS Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Medical College of Hallym University, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of - - 2014
Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Objective To compare sagittal cervical range of motion (ROM) and alignment in young versus middle-aged adults. Methods One hundred four asymptomatic adults were selected randomly out of 791 subjects who underwent lateral cervical radiographs in neutral, flexion, and extension positions. They were divided into two groups: young (age ...
Shanee Sam S Neotropical Primate Conservation, 23 Portland Road, Stretford, Greater Manchester, M32 0PH, UK, - - 2014
Inter-individual spacing of primates and their use of forest strata depend on temporal and spatial changes in the environment and on predator avoidance, group demography, and social conditions. Greater proximity also increases the chances of agonistic and affinitive contact between individuals. I collected behavioral data for three groups of yellow-tailed ...
Falkensammer Frank F Department of Orthodontics, Bernhard Gottlieb University Clinic of Dentistry, Medical University of Vienna, Sensengasse 2a, 1090, Vienna, Austria, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of education on the perception of various male and female Caucasian profiles with respect to attractiveness and treatment need. Four hundred questionnaires were distributed among six groups of raters (nonacademic laymen, academic laymen, preclinical students, clinical students, orthodontists, and maxillofacial ...
Weber Kerstin K a Division of Liaison Psychiatry and Crisis Intervention , University Hospitals of Geneva and Faculty of Medicine of the University of Geneva , Geneva , - - 2014
Objectives: Beyond its well-documented association with depressive symptoms across the lifespan, at an individual level, quality of life may be determined by multiple factors: psychosocial characteristics, current physical health and long-term personality traits. Method: Quality of life was assessed in two distinct community-based age groups (89 young adults aged 36.2 ...
Liu Bo - - 2014
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of tooth wear in the aging population of northwest China and to investigate the factors associated with such tooth wear. Cross-sectional analytic clinical and questionnaire study was performed in 704 participants who had a mean age of 46.5 +/- 0.2 ...
Cooper Anthony A Department of Orthopedics, University of British Columbia, Faculty of Medicine, BC Children's Hospital, 1D 63, A203-4480 Oak Street, Vancouver, BC V6H 3V4, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The unilateral unaffected clubfoot has previously been used as a control in longitudinal studies of clubfoot outcomes. However, we have observed that the unaffected clubfoot does not necessarily exhibit the same pedobarographic measurements as seen in normal control subjects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the unaffected ...
Vercellotti Giuseppe G Department of Anthropology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
Adult stature variation is commonly attributed to differential stress-levels during development. However, due to selective mortality and heterogeneous frailty, a population's tall stature may be more indicative of high selective pressures than of positive life conditions. This article examines stature in a biocultural context and draws parallels between bioarchaeological and ...
Sinha P P Department of Anatomy,Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical - - 2014
Background: Head and face dimensions vary according to race and geographical zone. Hereditary factors also greatly affect the size and shape of the head. There are important medical applications of craniofacial data specific to different racial and ethnic groups. Methods: Various cranial and facial anthropometric parameters were assessed in singleton, ...
Lawrence Jean M JM Department of Research & Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena CA - - 2014
The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study prospectively identified youth less than 20 years with physician-diagnosed diabetes. Annual type 1 diabetes (T1D) incidence rate and 95 percent CI, overall, by age group and by sex, were calculated per 100,000 person-years at risk for 2002 through 2009 for non-Hispanic white (NHW) ...
Pieters Maria M Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to identify intra-farm risk factors that affected the colonization with Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae at weaning age. Three farrow-to-wean farms were visited at least 5 times each. An average of 54 piglets were sampled at each visit and assayed by means of real-time PCR in nasal ...
Soeters Nienke - - 2014
To compare the effect of corneal cross-linking (CXL) for keratoconus in various age groups and to investigate the influence of the topographic cone location on the outcome of CXL. This cohort study included 95 patients (119 eyes) diagnosed as having progressive keratoconus who underwent epithelium-off standard protocol CXL from January ...
Chávez-Almazán Luis A LA State Laboratory of Public Health, Health Department of Guerrero, Blvd. Vicente Guerrero Esq. J.R. Escudero, Col. Cd. Renacimiento, C.P. 39715, Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico, - - 2014
In Mexico, organochlorine pesticides were used in public health and agriculture programs, causing chronic exposure to the population. Human breast milk samples were collected from 171 mothers who were residents from Guerrero, Mexico. Analysis was carried out by gas chromatography. Median concentrations (mg/kg on fat basis) for the following pesticides ...
Kim Sanghyun S Department of Microbiology, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Hyoja 2-Dong, Chuncheon, Kangwon-Do, 200-701, South Korea, - - 2014
To investigate the prevalence of human bocavirus (HBoV) among people without gastroenteritis symptoms in South Korea between 2008 and 2010, an epidemiological study was performed on fecal samples of 320 people aged 2 months to 91 years. The prevalence of HBoV-1 was 12.5 % (40/320) of the study population by PCR. Co-infection with ...
Hendryx Michael M Department of Applied Health Science, School of Public Health, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study analyzed Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) discharges in association with covariate-adjusted total and cardiovascular mortality rates for males and females in US counties. Average annual county-level reported releases from TRI facilities measured in pounds per square mile which were calculated for the years1990-1999, and tested for associations with age-adjusted ...
Simić-Krstić Jovana B JB University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Biomedical Engineering, KraljiceMarije 16, 11120 Belgrade, - - 2014
A non-invasive bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) and Cole-Cole impedance model parameters (R0, R∞, τ and α) were used to analyze electrical properties of intact and stripped human skin for both gender subjects divided into younger and older age groups. R0, R∞ and τ significantly increased while α significantly decreased with age ...
Fischer D D Clinic for Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, and Fish, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many psittacine species are threatened in the wild and also rare in captivity. Therefore, successful conservation and breeding programs are important to save these species. Unfortunately, clutches in conservation programs are frequently infertile. Semen evaluation is beneficial to investigate the causes of infertility and is advisable before artificial insemination (AI). ...
Flynn Traci T *Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Division of Audiology, the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg; †Department of Audiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg; and ‡Division of Speech and Language Pathology, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, - - 2014
To define the age when the higher prevalence of abnormal middle ear dissipates in individuals with cleft lip and palate and to investigate how this may affect hearing sensitivity over time. Retrospective and prospective cohort study. University hospital. Three groups of individuals with unilateral cleft lip and palate from the ...
Chalmers David J DJ Children's Hospital Colorado, 13123 E. 16th Ave, 463 Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Female congenital abnormalities and concomitant ambiguous genitalia constitute the primary reason for female genital reconstruction, however, objective data describing normal female anatomy is lacking. The aim of this study is to describe the normal anatomical relationships and size of the external genital structures in prepubescent females. Data were collected prospectively ...
Con Jorge J Department of Surgery, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Falls from ladders account for a significant number of hospital visits. However, the epidemiology, injury pattern, and how age affects such falls are poorly described in the literature. Patients ≥18 y who suffered falls from ladders over a 5½-y period were identified in our trauma registry. Dividing patients into three age ...
Nishimatsu Hiroaki H Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo , Tokyo , Japan - - 2014
Abstract "LEOPIN ROYAL®" (LER), a non-prescription health-promoting medication in Japan, is a preparation containing six natural medicines, namely, aged garlic extract, ginseng, oriental bezoar, velvet antler, cuscuta seed and epimedium herb. To determine the effect of LER on symptoms of aging in males, we conducted an open-labeled, randomized clinical trial ...
Han Qunhua Q Chinese Academy of Sciences Dongting Lake Station for Wetland Ecosystem Research, Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture Changsha 410125 China Sichuan University College of Life Science Chendu 610064 - - 2014
Between December 2011 and March 2012, the reproductive characteristics of Microtus fortis reared in the laboratory at different population densities were assessed. In all, 258 male and female voles were randomly divided into 4 groups and reared at densities of 2, 4, 6, and 8 animals per cage (sex ratio: ...
Ha Yale Y Postgraduate student, Department of Oral Anatomy and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to investigate and compare the anterior facial heights of children with long, normal, and short faces during growth and to discover whether long-faced subjects have long dimensions in both the upper and lower anterior facial heights compared with the others. Longitudinal lateral cephalometric data ...
Ganse B B Division Space Physiology, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center, Cologne, - - 2014
Objectives: Recent studies have identified rates of injuries in young elite athletes during major athletic events. However, no such data exist on master athletes. The aim of this study was to assess incidence and types of injuries during the 2012 European Veteran Athletics Championships as a function of age, performance ...
Heredia Luisn L 32 Strawberry Hill Court, Stamford, CT 06901, USA. Tel 203-276-4777, fax 203-276-4778. - - 2014
The Orquesta Buena Vista Social Club® is a world-renowned group of Cuban musicians accomplished in a variety of musical styles. The musicians of the Orquesta Buena Vista Social Club and supporting musicians of their orchestras represent a cohort of musicians throughout Cuba who continue to play traditional genres and perform ...
Zhang Zhigang Z Department of Geriatric Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, - - 2014
Legionella is an important community-acquired pneumonia pathogen. Although the elderly are especially susceptible to Legionella, few studies have looked at comparative radiographic features of Legionella pneumonia in this population. The aim of this study was to explore the chest radiographic characteristics of community-acquired Legionella pneumonia in the elderly. Serial chest ...
Wolska Agnieszka A Department of Safety Engineering, Laboratory of Optical Radiation, Central Institute for Labour Protection - National Research Institute (CIOP-PIB), Warszawa, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to analyze discomfort glare sensation in subjects aged 50 years and more in comparison with younger subjects (i.e. younger than 35 years of age). The experiments were performed on a computer workstation placed in controlled lighting environment where 2 discomfort glare conditions were modeled. ...
Aronson Patricia P Lynchburg College, - - 2014
Context: Analyzing ligament stiffness between males and females at 3 maturational stages across the lifespan may provide insight into whether changes in ligament behavior with aging may contribute to joint laxity. Objective: To compare the stiffness of the medial structures of the tibiofemoral joint and the medial collateral ligament to ...
Okasha Samir S Department of Philosophy,University of Bristol,Bristol BS8 - - 2014
All group traits, "emergent" or otherwise, are ultimately dependent on the traits and behaviours of the individuals that constitute the group. Unless a process of "group reproduction" is envisaged, this means that the evolution of group traits can in principle be studied in an individualistic way, by studying the dynamics ...
Santana Carlos C Institute for Research in Cognitive Science, University of Pennsylvania,Philadelphia,PA - - 2014
We argue that Smaldino has not established that group-level traits constitute a unit of selection distinct from selection on individuals, as group-level traits are neither replicators nor interactors. Moreover, we argue that Wimsatt's analysis of emergence and aggregativity supports an understanding of group-level and other emergent traits as explanatorily reducible ...
Balasubramaniam M M 1Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka. - - 2014
To establish reference norms of lung function parameters for healthy Sri Lankan Tamil young adults. Cross sectional study of Tamil students at the Faculty of Medicine, Jaffna. Healthy non smoking students of Sri Lankan Tamil ethnic group were enrolled. Age, height, weight, BMI and spirometric measurements (Micro Quark) were recorded ...
Graudenz Gustavo Silveira GS Medical Sciences Department, Nove de Julho University, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Objective: the purpose of this study was to update and analyze data on mortality trend due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Brazil. Methods: initially, the specific COPD mortality rates were calculated from 1989 to 2009 using data collected from DATASUS (Departamento de Informática do SUS - Brazilian Health ...
Fernandes Antonio A University of Mogi Das Cruze, Mogi Das Cruzes, São Paulo, - - 2014
To evaluate the prevalence, reliability and severity of symptoms of urinary incontinence (UI) in adolescent female soccer players and the impact of those symptoms on quality of life. The present work is a cross-sectional study of 59 female adolescents divided into a group of athletes, which included 35 adolescent amateur ...
Lai Der-Chung DC Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chia-Yi Christian Hospital, Chia-Yi, TaiwanChia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan, - - 2014
Childhood hearing impairment (CHI) is a major developmental disability, but data at the national level are limited, especially those on the trends over time. We conducted a study to assess the time trend of CHI prevalence in Taiwan and explore its associated factors. The Taiwan government certifies disabled residents for ...
Tan T Y - - 2014
Fertility in women declines with increasing age. With the deferment of marriage and childbearing, couples are turning to assisted reproductive technology to counteract this decline. We aimed to evaluate the results of in vitrofertilisation (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in women of different age groups, and highlight the cost-effectiveness of IVF ...
Mody Bharat S BS Welcare Hospital, 1st floor, Akashganga Building, Race Course Circle, Baroda, 390007, Gujarat, India, - - 2014
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been established as a very successful and commonly performed procedure for primary and secondary osteoarthritis, and also for inflammatory arthropathies of the knee in all age groups and both genders. It has predominantly been used as a procedure in the age group of patients 65 years ...
Sharma A A Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Woolwich, London, - - 2014
To determine the variation in stillbirth rate in association with ethnicity and gestational age. A retrospective audit of all stillbirths from January 2009 to February 2013. A busy District General Hospital, London, catering to a high risk, multi ethnic population. 131 cases of stillbirth (SB) were identified.103 cases were analysed ...
Son Jeong-Hyun JH Department of Benefit Center, Chaum Hospital, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The present study aimed to determine the effect of an 8-week program of joint mobilization on changes in pelvic obliquity and pain level in seventeen female university students aged in their 20's with sacroiliac joint dysfunction by dividing them into two groups: a joint mobilization group (MWM) and a ...
Tantisuwat Anong A Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, - - 2014
[Purpose] The multi-directional reach test (MDRT) is a simple, inexpensive, reliable and valid screening tool for assessing the limits of stability in the anterorposterior and mediolateral directions. The aim of this study was to quantify the limits of stability of people aged between 20 and 79 years using the MDRT. [Subjects] ...
Duan Jian J - - 2014
Spathius galinae Belokobylskij & Strazanac is a recently described parasitoid of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, in the Russian Far East, and is currently being considered for biocontrol introduction in the United States. Using A. planipennis larvae reared with freshly cut ash (Fraxinus spp.) sticks, we investigated the ...
Giuliani Cristina C Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Laboratory of Molecular Anthropology and Centre for Genome Biology, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
(i) investigate the transmission of low level heteroplasmies in the elderly; (ii) explore the association of heteroplasmy with age and longevity and (iii) investigate heteroplasmy patterns in these three groups. We sequenced a 853 bp mtDNA fragment in 88 individuals to an average coverage of 49334-fold, using quality control filtering ...
Ozawa Glen Y GY *OD †PhD ‡OD, PhD, FAAO §PhD, RN ∥MD University of California, Berkeley School of Optometry, Berkeley, California (GO, MAB, KWB-C, MES, SB, AJA); and Midwestern University, Arizona College of Optometry, Glendale, Arizona - - 2014
To determine whether neuroretinal function differs in healthy adult males and females younger and older than 50 years. This study included one eye from each of 50 normal subjects (29 females and 21 males). Neuroretinal function was assessed using first-order P1 implicit times (ITs) and N1-P1 amplitudes (AMPs) obtained from ...
Jones Michael P - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to determine reference intervals, perform longitudinal analyses, and determine the index of individuality (IoI) of 8 hematologic, and 13 biochemical and electrophoretic variables for a group of captive bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus). Reference intervals were determined from blood samples collected during annual wellness examinations ...
Leffa Daniela Dimer DD 1 Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Biology (LABIM), Postgraduate Programme of Health Sciences, Department of Health Sciences, University of Southern Santa Catarina, Criciúma, SC, - - 2014
This study investigated the influence of ageing - in particular the decrease of gonadal hormone levels during the ageing process - on the memory and the levels of DNA damage in the hippocampus of female rats. Three groups of female Wistar rats were investigated: Group I consisted of non-ovariectomised, adult ...
Meirambayeva Aizhan A Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to conduct a process and outcome evaluation of the deterrent impact of Ontario's street racing and stunt driving legislation which came into effect on September 30, 2007, on collision casualties defined as injuries and fatalities. It was hypothesized that because males, especially young ones, ...
Kosalram K K Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Few prospective studies have investigated risk factors associated with severe tooth surface loss. This case-control study assessed the possible association between medical history, diet, psychological profile and salivary pH and flow [Delongis 1982, Johansson 1993] with the incidence of severe tooth surface loss. A total of 80 subjects (40 cases ...
Mizuno R R Department of Orthodontics, Matsumoto Dental University, Shiojiri, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to quantitatively evaluate the relationship between frontal craniofacial morphology and the horizontal balance of the lip-closing forces (LCF) generated during maximum voluntary pursing-like movements in patients with mandibular deviation. Thirty-one subjects (median age 25·4 ± 8·9 years) without a history of orthodontic treatment were randomly selected from ...
Fischer Mary E - - 2014
The relationship between taste-intensity patterns and 5-year change in adiposity-related health measures was determined. Participants were members of the Beaver Dam Offspring Study, a study of the adult children of participants in the population-based Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study. There were 1,918 participants (mean baseline age=48.8 years; range=22 to 84 ...
de Waroquier-Leroy L L Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine department, hôpital Swynghedauw, 59037 Lille cedex, - - 2014
The Functional Reach Test (FRT) is a clinical assessment of the risk of falls in elderly or disabled subjects. However, the FRT is complex (involving the leg, hip and trunk joints) and previous studies have shown that several different strategies can be used to complete the test. To describe the ...
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