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Results 201 - 250 of 4455
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Lahner Matthias M Department of Orthopaedic Sports Surgery, St. Josef-Hospital, Ruhr-University Bochum, Gudrunstr. 56, 44791, Bochum, Germany, - - 2014
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) represents a novel approach to the mechanical etiology of hip osteoarthritis. The cam-type femoroacetabular impingement deformity occurs frequently in young male athletes. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of FAI in male semiprofessional soccer players using clinical examination and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ...
Zoungas Sophia S aSchool of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne bThe George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, - - 2014
A strong potential exists for greater promotion of statin therapy among the over-70 age group on the basis of their high absolute cardiovascular risk. However, the evidence for this approach is currently unclear. Meta-analysis of trials highlights the uncertainty about the efficacy of statins in the prevention of major vascular ...
Izumi Kentaro K Department of Gastroenterology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, - - 2014
We examined the incidence of and factors associated with fever, as well as the frequency of bacteremia, in patients who had undergone endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for colorectal tumor. A total of 199 patients (120 male and 79 female) were included. The patients were classified into two groups based on ...
Chen Xiang-Jun XJ Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, No. 253 Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To retrospectively analyze the epidemiological characteristics of pediatric bedside stove burns (PBSB) in China and to explore prevention and control measures. Data on pediatric burns from three hospitals located in the epidemic area were collected from January 1996 to December 2010 and were divided into the PBSB group and the ...
Van Lierde Kristiane M KM Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Facial appearance and speech outcome may affect psychosocial functioning in girls and boys. Several studies reported dissatisfaction with facial appearance and more specifically the lip and mouth profile in children with cleft lip and palate (CLP). The purpose of this controlled study was to measure the tongue and lip strength ...
Wu Yu-Tzu YT Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, - - 2014
There have been dramatic societal changes in East Asia over the last hundred years. Several of the established risk factors could have important period and cohort effects. This study explores temporal variation of dementia prevalence in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan taking study methods into account. Seventy prevalence studies ...
El-Kassabi Rasha M RM Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Prince Sultan Military Medical City , Riyadh , Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Objective. The aims of this study were to obtain normative nasalance scores for a normal Saudi population with different ages and genders, to develop nasometric Arabic speech materials, and to make cross-linguistic comparison. Subjects. Participants included 219 normal Saudi native monolingual Arabic speakers of different ages. Subjects were classified into ...
Fu Kai-Ming G KM Cornell University School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, New York, NY; Rocky Mountain Hospital for Children, Presbyterian/St Luke's Medical Center, Denver, CO; University of Virginia School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Charlottesville, VA; New York University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, New York, NY University of Kansas School of Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kansas City, KS San Diego Center for Spinal Disorders, La Jolla, CA Hospital for Special Surgery, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, New York, NY University of California San Francisco, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA University of Oregon Health Sciences Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Portland, OR Baylor Scoliosis Center, Plano, TX University of California Davis, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Sacramento, CA Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Baltimore, MD San Diego Center for Spinal Disorders, La Jolla, CA University of California San Francisco, Department of Neurosurgery, San Francisco, CA; and the International Spine Study - - 2014
Study Design. Multi-center, prospective analysis of consecutive adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients.Objective. Identify age related radiographic parameters associated with poor health related quality of life (HRQOL) and treatment preferences for ASD.Summary of Background Data. ASD patients report discrepant severities of disability. Understanding age associated differences for reported disability and treatment ...
Jeng Karen W KW *Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, New Jersey; †Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, Florida; and ‡NJ Retina, New Brunswick, New - - 2014
To evaluate the presence of cognitive biases among retina physicians when recommending treatment options for exudative age-related macular degeneration. Two random samples of retina specialists were surveyed regarding their treatment and dosing regimen choices among three anti-vascular endothelial growth factor biologics (aflibercept, bevacizumab, and ranibizumab). One group was asked to ...
Del Brutto Oscar H OH School of Medicine, Universidad Espíritu Santo, Ecuador; Department of Neurological Sciences, Hospital-Clínica Kennedy, Guayaquil, Ecuador. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess whether the anthropometric index used by the American Heart Association (AHA) to evaluate cardiovascular health (CVH) status, i.e., the body mass index (BMI), could also be of value in ethnic groups phenotypically different than Whites. CVH status was evaluated in 616 Ecuadorian natives/mestizos aged ≥40 years with the ...
Ando E E Department of Fixed Prosthodontic Dentistry, School of Dental Medicine, Tsurumi University, Yokohama, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to observe the variations of cervical curvature in patients with infraocclusion, and to compare this with the controls. In this study, the infraocclusion criteria were defined with the Pr-id as <17 mm on the cephalometric image. The subjects were 32 patients with infraocclusion, and 28 ...
Carvajal Manuel J MJ Department of Sociobehavioral and Administrative Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Age diversity poses challenges to pharmacy employers and managers. A life-cycle argument has been presented to explain pharmacists' age-related differences at work. Explore responses of pharmacists' wage-and-salary earnings in three age groups (younger than 40, 40-54 years, and 55 years plus) to labor input and human-capital variables. A survey questionnaire ...
Widhalm H K HK Department of Trauma Surgery, Center for Joints and Cartilage, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria, - - 2014
Main objective of this study was to investigate the association of pain and early cartilage lesions in morbidly obese children and adolescents. A total of 57 subjects were included in the study. Morbidly obese patients (n = 39) were subdivided into two groups: Group A: (11 males and 9 females, 14.2 ± 2.7 years) with ...
Seichi Atsushi A Department of Orthopedics, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0498, Japan, - - 2014
To establish the cutoff time for the one-leg standing (OLS) test (with eyes open) to use when screening elderly people for locomotive syndrome. Patients visiting orthopedic clinics and healthy volunteers, all ≥65 years old, were recruited. Participants were asked to complete the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS-25) and then underwent ...
Rembach Alan A The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3052, - - 2014
Inflammation is a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Whether directly involved in the pathogenesis, or a downstream consequence of neuronal death, the blood neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is reported to be a putative, non-invasive peripheral biomarker for AD. The aim of this study was to re-evaluate the diagnostic utility of longitudinal ...
Meylan C M P CM Sport Performance Research Insitute New Zealand, AUT University, Auckland, New - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess the possible contribution of 1RM leg-press strength and jump peak power to 20-m sprint time in young athletes in three maturity groups based on age relative to predicted age of peak height velocity (PHV): Pre (- 2.5 to -1.0 years; n=25), Mid (- 1.0 ...
Chang Ching-Mei CM Department of Nursing, Tungs' Taichung Metro Habor Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; School of Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Nursing, Central Taiwan University of Sciences and Technology, Taichung, - - 2014
Falls are the most frequently reported adverse hospital events. How to prevent inpatients from falling has become an important issue of patient safety in hospitals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between age and inpatient falls. A retrospective study design was used. This study, which extracted ...
Chung Ho Seok HS Department of Ophthalmology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
To evaluate the characteristics and relationship between peripapillary choroidal thickness (pCT), lamina cribrosa thickness (LCT), and peripapillary outer retinal layer thickness (pORT) as determined using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) enhanced depth imaging (EDI). In total, 255 participants were included (87 healthy subjects, 87 glaucoma suspects (GS), and 81 ...
Tunås Paula P Department of Sports Medicine, Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre, Norwegian School of Sports Sciences, PB 4014, Ullevål Stadion, 0806, Oslo, Norway, - - 2014
The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to compare the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) among female elite football and handball players to a matched non-professional active control group. The participants were requested to answer a questionnaire based on standardized Nordic questionnaires for musculoskeletal symptoms to assess the prevalence ...
Gaardbo Kuhn Katrin K From the Antimicrobial Resistance Reference Laboratory and Surveillance Unit, Department of Microbiology and Infection Control, Statens Serum Institut , Copenhagen , - - 2014
From 2001 to 2010, the consumption of antibiotics in Denmark increased by 32%. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential demographic factors associated with this increase. Defined daily doses (DDD) per 1000 inhabitant-days for the leading antibiotic groups and substances in primary health care in 2001 and ...
Takeshita Rafaela S C RS Department of Ecology and Social Behavior, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Inuyama, Aichi, - - 2014
The ability to determine hormonal profiles of primate populations using non-invasive techniques can help to monitor physical fitness, stress, and physiological responses to environmental changes. We investigated fecal glucocorticoids (fGC) and DHEAS concentrations in captive Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) in relation to environmental, biological, and social factors. The subjects were ...
Kim Hui Taek HT Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, - - 2014
Within the lateral pillar classification of the Legg-Calvé-Perthes (LCP) disease, hips seem quite variable in the pattern of fragmentation as seen in radiographs. The purpose of this study was to determine: if it is possible to reliably subdivide the lateral pillar groups into femoral head fragmentation patterns, and if such ...
Carlisle Thomas T Academic Unit of Sleep and Breathing, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, London, UK National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, Royal Brompton and Harefield Foundation Trust, London, UK Both authors contributed - - 2014
The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) increases with age, yet the risk factors for OSA in older people remain poorly understood. This study aimed to define the age-related changes in upper airway morphology in carefully matched groups of healthy older (>60 years, n = 11) and younger (<40 years, ...
Yamauchi Akihito A Department of Otolaryngology, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Glottal area waveform (GAW) analysis is widely used in the assessment of vocal fold vibration by high-speed digital imaging (HSDI). Because normative GAW data obtained from a large number of subjects have not been reported, we conducted a prospective study to obtain normative results for GAW analysis of HSDI findings ...
Halilaj Eni E Center for Biomedical Engineering and School of Engineering, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, - - 2014
The high prevalence of thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint osteoarthritis (OA) in women has been previously linked to the articular morphology of the trapezium. Studies report conflicting results on how the articular shapes of male and female trapezia compare to one another, however, mainly because their findings are based on data ...
Pinhas-Hamiel Orit O Maccabi Juvenile Diabetes Center, Raanana, Israel; Pediatric Endocrine and Diabetes Unit, The Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital, Israel; Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, - - 2014
We aimed to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children, adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), and to assess the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components. The study cohort comprised 326 (168 females) consecutive patients aged 5 to 30 years diagnosed with ...
Beaven Robert R aDepartment of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Chester, Parkgate Road, Chester, England, UK. bDepartment of Health Professions, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK. cDepartment of Health Sciences, Huddersfield University, Huddersfield, UK. dEngland Touch Association, - - 2014
This study compared the internal and external match demands imposed on international and regional standard male touch rugby players. The study adopted a cohort design with independent groups. Twelve international players (mean age 27.8 ± 6.2 y, body mass 72.8 ± 3.7 kg, stature 174.5 ± 5.4 cm) and nine ...
Robbins Andrew M AM Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103, Leipzig, - - 2014
Using 30 years of demographic data from 15 groups, this study estimates how harem size, female fertility, and offspring survival may contribute to variance in the siring rates of dominant male mountain gorillas throughout the Virunga Volcano Region. As predicted for polygynous species, differences in harem size were the greatest source ...
Schmidt S E SE Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station - - 2014
The objective of this study was to estimate the heritability of 3 measures of temperament in Brahman and Brahman-influenced calves (n = 1,209). Individual animal pen scores (PS) were determined by a trained observer who evaluated groups of 5 or 4 calves at a time for willingness to be approached ...
Jordan Matthew J MJ 1Human Performance Laboratory, The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada 2Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, SDU Muscle Research Cluster, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, - - 2014
Due to the importance of hamstrings (HAM) and quadriceps (QUAD) strength for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention, and the high incidence of ACL injury in ski racing, HAM and QUAD maximal and explosive strength was assessed in ski racers with and without ACL reconstruction (ACL-R). Uninjured (n=13 males; n=8 ...
Kajikawa Masato M Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Institute of Biomedical & Health - - 2014
Background: An ankle-brachial index (ABI) value of 0.91-0.99 is considered borderline and associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. However, there is no information on the relationship between borderline ABI and endothelial function. Methods and Results: We measured ABI and assessed vascular function by flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and nitroglycerin-induced vasodilation in ...
Taylor Lee L Zoetis, Level 6, 5 Rider Boulevard, Rhodes, NSW 2138, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Results from worm egg counts (WECs) of cattle from across Australia over an 11 year period have been analysed to provide contemporary data on WEC and worm genus distribution in Australian cattle. A sampling kit consisted of ten sample containers. Faecal samples were collected into each sampling kit from groups ...
Vaughan Alison A Pacific Agri-Food Research Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, PO Box 1000, Agassiz, BC, V0M 1A0 Canada; Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5B4 Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
A better understanding of when and where group-housed calves are most likely to defecate or urinate might permit improved housing design or more efficient use of cleaning routines. However, this is the first study to address the urination and defecation habits of calves. The primary aims of this study were ...
Jeong Hwal Rim - - 2014
Abstract Background: Idiopathic short stature (ISS) is short stature of unknown cause. In 2003, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of growth hormone (GH) for ISS. Several studies have evaluated the effect of GH in children with ISS, in whom improved growth velocities and height standard deviation ...
Gérardin Marie M 1Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University Hospital of Nantes, Nantes, - - 2014
We have compared two groups of chronic benzodiazepines (or zolpidem/zopiclone) users: "Seniors," aged 65 years or more, and "Adults," aged less than 65 years. The study took place in the Pays de Loire region. The questionnaire assesses dependence based on items from the DSM-IV. The analysis was based on 176 Senior questionnaires ...
Larose Joanie J 1University of - - 2014
This study examined the progression of impairments in heat dissipation as a function of age and environmental conditions. Sixty males (n=12/group; 20-30, 40-44, 45-49, 50-54 and 55-70 years) performed four intermittent exercise/recovery cycles for a duration of 2-h in dry (35ºC/20%RH) and humid (35ºC/60%RH) conditions. Evaporative heat loss (HE) and ...
Lo Celia C CC University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, - - 2014
This study sought the factors associated with race/ethnicity disparities in the age at which homicide deaths tend to occur. We used the multiple disadvantage model to take race into account as we evaluated associations between age at time of homicide victimization and several social structural, mental health-related, and lifestyle factors. ...
Wang Yu Y Electric Power Test Research Institute, Guangdong Power Grid Company, Guangzhou, 510080, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
The study was undertaken to evaluate the environmental exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in subjects living in the area of recycling electronic garbage in Southern China and research the influence of environment smoke tobacco (EST) to people through active and passive smoking. Urinary concentrations of 2-hydroxynaphthalene, 2-hydoxyfluorene, 9-hydroxyphenanthrene, and 1-hydroxypyrene ...
Amorim César Augusto CA César Augusto Amorim, Antonio José Carneiro, Homero Soares Fogaça, Celeste Elia, Heitor Siffert Pereira de Souza, Serviço de Gastroenterologia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, Hospital Universitário, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21941-913, - - 2014
To investigate the geographic distributions and time trends of gastric cancer (GC) incidence and mortality in Brazil. An ecological study of the DATASUS registry was conducted by identifying hospitalizations for GC between January 2005 and December 2010. The data included information on the gender, age, and town of residence at ...
Besen Elyssa E Center for Disability Research, Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, 71 Frankland Road, Hopkinton, MA 01748, USA. - - 2014
We investigated multiple trajectories of the probability of reporting health-related productivity loss over a 20-year period among adults aged 25-44 years and explored differences among the trajectories in demographic and personal characteristics and employment outcomes in midlife. A latent class growth analysis of health-related productivity loss was estimated on 12 ...
Skuladottir Hildur - - 2014
Objective :  Children with cleft lip and palate or cleft palate only have a high incidence of conductive hearing loss from otitis media with effusion. Studies demonstrating longitudinal results are lacking. This study was undertaken to investigate long-term longitudinal hearing outcomes of children with cleft lip and/or cleft palate and ...
Lin Ching-Hung CH Departments of Oncology, Internal Medicine, and Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Health Care Administration, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; Graduate Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Taiwan Cancer Registry, Taiwan; Center for Comparative Effectiveness Research, National Center of Excellence for Clinical Trial and Research, Taipei, Taiwan; Genomics Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Public Health, Fu-Jen Catholic University, New Taipei, - - 2014
A rapid surge of young-female breast cancer (YFBC) has been observed in Taiwan and other East Asian countries. We recently reported that these cases of YFBC, in contrast to their Western counterparts, are predominantly luminal A subtype. YFBC in Asia may have distinct clinicopathological features and outcomes.Methods.Data collected prospectively by ...
Marin R H RH Neiker-Tecnalia, Arkaute Agrifood Campus, Department of Animal Production, PO Box 46, 01080 Vitoria-Gasteiz, - - 2014
Alterations of birds' phenotypic appearance (PA) may lead to unwanted behaviors, potentially impairing poultry welfare, health, and productive performance. Likewise, group size may play an important role modulating the expression of adaptive behaviors. This study evaluates whether changes in the PA of Hy-line Brown laying hens may affect their BW ...
Guay Manon M School of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Qué., - - 2014
Background: As most studies generally treat all 85+ year-olds as a homogeneous group, little is known about the specific disabilities of the oldest old population, those aged 90 and older. Objective: To estimate age-specific prevalence of disability in activities of daily living for older Canadians, including the oldest old, those ...
Van de Ven Annenienke A A Van de Ven, Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE THE AIM OF THIS STUDY WAS TO INVESTIGATE THE INFLUENCE OF AGE ON THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THYROID FUNCTION AND MORTALITY.DESIGN THE NIJMEGEN BIOMEDICAL STUDY IS A POPULATION-BASED STUDY COMPRISING 5.816 RANDOMLY SELECTED ADULTS OF ALL AGE GROUPS WITHOUT PREVIOUSLY KNOWN THYROID DISEASE.METHODS THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE (TSH), FREE THYROXINE (FT4) ...
Raffalt Peter C PC Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200, Copenhagen N, - - 2014
Introduction: To explore the effect of aging on stretch reflex modulation during walking, soleus H-reflexes obtained in 15 middle-aged (mean age 56.4 ± 6.9) and 15 young (mean age 23.7 ± 3.9) subjects were compared. Methods: The H-reflex amplitude, muscle activity (EMG) of the soleus and tibialis anterior muscles, and ...
Sinding Charlotte C Smell and Taste Clinic, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Technical University of Dresden, Fetscherstrasse 74, 01307 Dresden, - - 2014
The process of aging affects olfaction quite early and can lead to a major handicap. One may ask whether olfactory loss is general or if it affects some odors more specifically? We investigated whether an age-related increase in olfactory threshold could be more or less specific to heavy or light ...
Veldhuizen Scott S Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addictions and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Department of Health Sciences, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario, - - 2014
When individuals of different ages are combined into a single group and an ability that varies with age is measured, younger individuals are disadvantaged. This phenomenon is known as a relative age effect (RAE) and has been shown to be widespread in sport and education. In this article, we examine ...
Laganović Mario M aDepartment for Nephrology, Hypertension, Dialysis and Transplantation, University Hospital Center Zagreb, Croatia bDanish Aging Research Center, University of Southern Denmark, Aarhus and Copenhagen, Denmark cDepartment for Molecular Biology, Ruđer Bošković Institute dDepartment of Cardiovascular Diseases, University Hospital Center eDepartment for Molecular Medicine, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Zagreb, Croatia fDepartment of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, - - 2014
The mechanisms that increase cardiovascular risk in individuals born small for gestational age (SGA) are not well understood. Telomere shortening has been suggested to be a predictor of disease onset. Our aim was to determine whether impaired intrauterine growth is associated with early signs of vascular aging and whether telomere ...
Salthouse Timothy A - - 2014
Objective: Prior research has found that within-person standard deviations across different neuropsychological domains are larger in various clinical groups than in healthy control groups, but little is known about the specificity of these measures to clinical conditions. Method: Within-person standard deviations were computed across composite scores representing episodic memory, perceptual ...
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