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Results 201 - 250 of 3987
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Sellami Maha M Movement, Sport, Health and Sciences laboratory (M2S). UFR-APS, University of Rennes 2/ENS-Rennes, Avenue Charles Tillon, CS 24414, 35044, Rennes Cedex, - - 2014
The purpose of this research is to study the effects of aging and combined training (sprint and strength) on catecholamine responses [adrenaline (A) and noradrenaline (NA)]. Thirty-two male subjects voluntarily participated in this study. They were randomly divided into four groups: A young trained group (age 21.4 ± 1.2 years, YT, n = 8), a ...
Giuca Maria Rita - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the level of salivary immunoglobulins and periodontal status in smokers and non-smokers.Materials and methods: Unstimulated saliva of 30 subjects (mean age 24.2 +/- 3.5 years) who were smokers (test group) and of 30 subjects (mean age 25.3 +/- 3.8 years) who were ...
Johnston Rich D RD School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined the influence of physical qualities on markers of fatigue and muscle damage following rugby league match-play. Between subjects design. Twenty-one male youth rugby league players (age 19.2±0.7 years; height 180.7±5.6cm; body mass 89.9±10.0kg) participated in the study. Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test (level 1), 3 repetition maximum back ...
Gur Ruben C RC Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Psychosis-risk studies have examined help-seeking adolescents and young adults. Population-based studies evaluating psychotic symptoms and neurocognitive performance across childhood are needed for "growth charting" cognitive development. We hypothesized that psychosis spectrum youths have delayed neurocognitive age relative to chronological age. We expected larger lags with increased symptom severity and ...
Randall Melinda M Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic., - - 2014
This study investigated the internal construct validity and dimensionality of the Melbourne Assessment of Unilateral Upper Limb Function (Melbourne Assessment), a widely-used measure of quality of upper limb movement, valid for children aged 2 years 6 months to 15 years with cerebral palsy. Rasch analysis was used to assess of Melbourne Assessment raw ...
Arnold Michael B MB CRA-Roche Research Studentship, Joint Motion Program, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada, School of Medicine & Medical Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, Department of Rheumatology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada, Rheumatology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA, Rheumatology Division, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Rheumatic Disease Unit, Institut de Rhumatologie de Montreal, Montreal, QC, Arthritis Centre, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Southlake Regional Health Centre, Newmarket and Department of Rheumatology, St. Joseph's Health Care, School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, - - 2014
Objective. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of age on disease and remission in suspected early RA (ERA).Methods. Data from the Canadian Early Arthritis Cohort (CATCH) were examined at baseline, 6 and 12 months. Patients were divided into three groups based on age. Analysis of variance ...
Pei Zhengcun Z Institute of Epidemiology I, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany; Faculty of Medicine, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, - - 2014
To investigate whether birth by cesarean delivery rather than vaginal delivery is a risk factor for later childhood obesity. Healthy, full-term infants were recruited. Overweight and obesity were defined using measured weight and height according to World Health Organization reference data. Associations between cesarean delivery and being overweight or obese ...
Lopez Janice M S JM Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC, Raritan, New Jersey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is the most common form of diabetes. Risk factors for its development include older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose metabolism, physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity. The purpose of this study was to characterize T2DM burden, from a patient perspective, ...
Cabrera López Carlos C Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Universitario de Gran Canaria Dr. Negrín, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) varies significantly among the different geographical areas reported. In Spain, two epidemiological studies have shown a prevalence of 9-10% in the population aged over 40. However, neither of these studies included the Canary Islands, which are of interest due to their climatic ...
Xiong Chang-Hui - - 2014
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an autoimmune disease that typically follows a monophasic course and may affect any age group. The precise population-based incidence of ADEM is still unknown in most countries. In China, there is no ADEM surveillance system. The exact incidence of ADEM is difficult to estimate, and ...
Sabia Séverine - - 2014
The correlation between objective and self-reported measures of physical activity varies between studies. We examined this association and whether it differed by demographic factors or socioeconomic status (SES). Data were from 3,975 Whitehall II (United Kingdom, 2012-2013) participants aged 60-83 years, who completed a physical activity questionnaire and wore an ...
Lopez-Gonzalez Angel A AA Prevention of Occupational Risks in Health Services, GESMA, Balearic Islands Health Service, Palma de Mallorca, - - 2014
To test whether communicating cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk using a novel risk assessment tool (Heart Age) will be able to motivate a population to adopt healthier lifestyles and improve CVD risk profile over the use of a traditional percentage-based tool. A single-blind randomized intervention study was carried out in a ...
Kozu Ryo R Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki, 1-7-1 Sakamoto, Nagasaki 852-8501, Japan; Physiotherapy Department, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Perth, Hospital Ave, Perth, Western Australia 6009, Australia; School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia 6845, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate relationships between Medical Research Council (MRC) dyspnea grade and peripheral muscle force, activities of daily living (ADL) performance, health status, lung function and exercise capacity in subjects with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Prospective cross-sectional observational study. University hospital, Japan PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-five subjects with IPF (46 males) in a ...
Ogun Oluwaseye Ayoola OA From the 1Boys Town National Research Hospital, Omaha, NE; and 2Department of Otolaryngology, County Hospital, Krems, - - 2014
This study was designed to examine the age and sex distribution and the effects of menopause in a large cohort of participants diagnosed with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). We analyzed 1,377 BPPV patients and surveyed 935 women from this group-all diagnosed at the Boys Town National Research Hospital in ...
Mehraein Fereshteh F Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Olive oil and olive leaf extract are used for treatment of skin diseases and wounds in Iran. The main component of olive leaf extract is Oleuropein. This research is focused on the effects of Oleuropein on skin wound healing in aged male Balb/c mice. In this experimental study, Oleuropein was ...
Meng Ping P Department of Health Care Nanlou, PLA General Hospital, Beijing, - - 2014
Sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity are significant associative factors for functional impairment related to aging. The main aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity, and their associations with functional status among men aged 80 years and older in Beijing. A total of 75 ...
Liu Li-Kuo LK Aging and Health Research Center, National Yang Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
Sarcopenia is a well-recognized geriatric syndrome, which is associated with a variety of adverse outcomes. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of sarcopenia and its associative clinical characteristics in Taiwan. Data of the I-Lan Longitudinal Aging Study (ILAS) were retrieved for this study. Sarcopenia was defined according to ...
Assantachai Prasert P Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
To define quadriceps strength cut-off points for both sexes to be used in the working diagnosis of sarcopenia in older Asian people, and to investigate the age-related declines of sarcopenia-related variables and correlations between those variables among community-dwelling older adults. The present 3-year prospective study was a part of the ...
Radovanović Snežana S 1School of Medicine, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, 2Institute of Public Health, Kragujevac, 3Health Center Aranđelovac, Aranđelovac, 4Institute of Occupational Health Kragujevac, Kragujevac; - - 2014
Aim To determine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and predicted values of VO2max estimated by UKK test for the first degree of obesity. Methods The participants were included in three groups of ten male subjects each, of different ages and different physical condition, randomly selected from the general ...
Mandić-Puljek Mirna M 1University Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Centre, Zagreb, 2Department of Food and Nutrition Research, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, University of Osijek, Osijek, 3World Health Organisation Office in Croatia, Zagreb; - - 2014
Aim Adequate nutrition supports optimal bone development and prevents later metabolic bone diseases. The aim of this study was to assess calcium dietary intake and measure calcaneal bone mineral density and based on the obtained values to evaluate gender and age impact on the values itself as well as on ...
Li Kin-Kit KK Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon Tong, Hong - - 2014
This study compared message-framing effects on physical activity (PA) across age and gender groups. Participants included 111 younger and 100 older adults (68% were women), randomly assigned to read gain-framed or loss-framed PA messages in promotion pamphlets, and who wore accelerometers for the following 14 days. Using regression analyses controlling ...
Giugno Silvina S Laboratorio de Microbiología, Hospital Sor María Ludovica, La Plata, Buenos - - 2014
Introduction. Vulvovaginitis accounts for 25% of all pediatric gynecology consultations. Objective. To assess the etiology of vulvovaginitis based on age and Tanner staging of breast development. Material and Methods. Descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted between January 1st and December 31st, 2011. Patients with vulvovaginitis were assessed based on two outcome measures: ...
- - 2014
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common among young adults, especially women. During the 14-year surveillance period, 30.4 percent of females and 3.5 percent of males who served in the active component had a least one UTI diagnosed during a medical encounter. The incidence rate of first-time UTIs was 70.4 per ...
De Asmundis Carlo - - 2014
Early repolarization (ERP) is a common electrocardiographic finding. Its potential to cause cardiac arrhythmias has been hypothesized from experimental studies, but it is not known whether there is a clinical association with sudden cardiac arrest. 122 subjects (100% males; mean age: 13.5 +/- 2.7 years) were included from a local ...
Lee Sang-Heon SH Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medical Science, Soon Chun Hyang University: 646 Eupnae-ri, Shinchang-myeon, Asan-si, Chungnam 336-745, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the activity engagement of the retiree population in South Korea. [Methods] The Korean-Activity Card Sort (K-ACS) was used to collect research data. A One-way ANOVA and post-hoc comparisons showed significant group effects among three age groups. The independent t-tests was used ...
Cote Mark P - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine reference physical performance values in older aging workers. Cross-sectional physical performance measures were collected for 736 manufacturing workers to assess effects of work and nonwork factors on age-related changes in musculoskeletal function and health. Participants underwent surveys and physical testing that included ...
Eid Hossam A HA Department of Oral Medicine & Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt; Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Background: During fixed orthodontic therapy, adolescents tend to have higher chances of gingivitis and gingival enlargement (GE) compared to adults. A cross sectional study was undertaken to evaluate the above hypothesis, by assessing GE in patients of different age groups receiving fixed orthodontic therapy. Materials & Methods: Patients undergoing orthodontic ...
Song Young-Hwan YH Department of Pediatrics, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Overweight can be defined by the body mass index (BMI) and is likely associated with an increased cardiovascular disease risk. However, waist circumference (WC), a central adiposity index, may be a better indicator of cardiovascular disease risk. Studies comparing the effects of BMI and WC on cardiovascular risk factors, such ...
Shetty Ashwini K AK Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, MVJ Medical College & Research Institute , Hoskote, Bangalore, India - - 2014
Introduction: Bimanual hand coordination is very important in carrying out day to day activities like buttoning the shirt, driving, picking up objects. It depends on various factors like age, gender, education, intactness of central and peripheral nervous system, Occupation and lifestyle. Aim: The aim of the study was to compare ...
Mello Jaqueline Medeiros de JM Faculdade Ingá, Maringá, PR, - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate the cochlear function of parents of individuals with autosomal recessive gene Gap Junction Protein Beta-2 hearing loss by ultra-high frequencies distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs), compared with responses of a control group matched for age and gender. Methods: We studied 56 subjects aged from 20 to 58 years, ...
Oliveira Letícia Neves de LN Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Purposes: To compare the speechreading between individuals with hearing impairment and with normal hearing levels to verify the factors that influence the speechreading among hearing impaired patients. Methods: Forty individuals with severe-to-profound hearing loss aged between 13 and 70 years old (study group) and 21 hearing individuals aged between 17 ...
Le Cam Sabrina S the UPMC Univ Paris 06, Adaptation & Diversity in the Marine Environment, UMR 7144 and CNRS, UMR 7144, Team Diversity & Connectivity in Coastal Marine Landscapes, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Place Georges Teissier, CS 90074, 29688 Roscoff, - - 2014
In sex-changing animals with internal fertilization, gregarious behavior may increase mating opportunities and the frequency of multiple paternity, thus increasing maternal reproductive success. Crepidula convexa is a direct-developing protandrous gastropod characterized by only modest gregarious behavior compared with previously studied members of the genus: females are frequently found isolated. Using ...
Lavara R R Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Animal, Camino de Vera, s/n, 46071-Valencia, Spain; Departamento de Producción Animal, Sanidad Animal, Salud Pública Veterinaria y Ciência y Tecnología de los Alimentos, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad CEU-Cardenal Herrera, Alfara del Patriarca, Valencia, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The short-term effects of cryopreservation and embryo transfer are well documented (reduced embryo viability, changes in pattern expression), but little is known about their long-term effects. We examined the possibility that embryo vitrification and transfer in rabbit could have an impact on the long-term reproductive physiology of the offspring and ...
Deprez Dieter D a Movement and Sports Sciences , Ghent University , Ghent , - - 2014
Abstract The present study investigated the test-retest reliability from the Yo-Yo IR1 (distance and heart rate responses), and the ability of the Yo-Yo IR1 to differentiate between elite and non-elite youth soccer players. A total of 228 youth soccer players (11-17 years) participated: 78 non-elite players to examine the test-retest ...
Huntjens Byki B Optometry and Visual Science, City University London, Northampton Square, London, EC1V 0HB, United - - 2014
Purpose: Variability in central macular pigment optical density (MPOD) has been reported amongst healthy individuals. These variations seem to be related to risk factors of age-related macular degeneration, such as female gender, smoking, and ethnicity. This study investigates the variations in MPOD spatial profiles amongst ethnicities. Methods: Using heterochromatic flicker ...
Tebbens Radboud J - - 2014
Global efforts to eradicate wild polioviruses (WPVs) continue to face challenges due to uninterrupted endemic WPV transmission in three countries and importation-related outbreaks into previously polio-free countries. We explore the potential role of including older children and adults in supplemental immunization activities (SIAs) to more rapidly increase population immunity and ...
Núñez Javier J Economics Department, University of Chile, Diagonal Paraguay 257, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper studies the trends in height-by-age across socioeconomic groups of Chilean boys aged 5-18 born between 1880 and 1997, by performing a meta-analysis of 38 studies reporting height-by-age published since 1898. We estimate the trends using quantile regressions and by analyzing detailed height data from five selected studies. Both ...
Goodrich Zachary J ZJ Department of Veterinary Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Texas A&M University College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, College Station, - - 2014
To report thoracic limb alignment values in healthy dogs; to determine if limb alignment values are significantly different when obtained from standing versus recumbent radiographic projections. Prospective cross-sectional study. Labrador Retrievers (n = 45) >15 months of age. Standing and recumbent radiographs were obtained and limb montages were randomized before analysis by ...
Baños Rosa M RM Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment of the University of Valencia, Spain; CIBER Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto Salud Carlos III, - - 2014
Eating styles have been studied in both obesity (OB) and eating disorders (ED), but they have not been examined in these two weight conditions together. The present study explores differences in eating styles in an Anorexia Nervosa (AN) and OB sample, compared to healthy controls (HC), and it analyses their ...
Ancillotto Leonardo L Dipartimento di Biologia e Biotecnologie "Charles Darwin", Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Rome, - - 2014
Bats are highly social mammals that often form large groups and represent good models to test the role played by individual status in shaping social relationships. Social cohesion relies on the ability of group and individual recognition, which is mediated by a range of sensorial cues. In this study, we ...
Doshi Hitendra K HK Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, National Health Group, 11, Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore, 308433, Singapore, - - 2014
The aging population is growing rapidly in Asia resulting in an increased number of hip fractures being managed surgically. Though there is evidence of improved quality of patient care and outcomes with well-established models of care, we do not know if the functional recovery in activities of daily living among ...
Viitasalo Anna A Department of Physiology, Institute of Biomedicine, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio Campus, PO Box 1627, FIN-70211, Kuopio, - - 2014
We validated the metabolic syndrome (MetS) score by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in children, middle-aged men, and older women and men and by investigating the relationships of the MetS score to incident type 2 diabetes, myocardial infarction, and cardiovascular and overall death in middle-aged men. We assessed the core features ...
Müller T R TR Department of Animal Reproduction and Radiology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science-FMVZ, São Paulo State University-UNESP, Rubião Júnior District, Botucatu, São Paulo, - - 2014
The thyroid gland was assessed by ultrasound in healthy euthyroid mixed-breed medium size dogs in different age groups. The objective was to verify ultrasonographic imaging patterns in these groups, as well as to identify possible changes in imaging features resulting from ageing. Thirty dogs - 10 young (<1 year), 10 adult ...
Zheng Dong-Mei DM College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, 210016, - - 2014
To study the differences in a special region (SR) corresponding to five internal organs between the young and the elderly and to verify the effectiveness of a developed system for objectifying research in colour inspections of Chinese medicine (CICM). An image acquisition device imitating daylight to meet the requirement of ...
Foo Marcus M Division of Radiation Oncology and Cancer Imaging, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre , Melbourne, Victoria , - - 2014
Background. Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for squamous cell carcinoma of the anus (SCCA) may cause significant toxicity, and concerns exist about its tolerability in the elderly. The authors compared tolerability and outcomes across the age groups following CRT for SCCA. Methods. Single-institution retrospective analysis of patients with localized SCCA treated with CRT. ...
Silva Danilo R DR a Faculty of Psychology, University of Lisbon , - - 2014
The effect of color on the production of responses to the Rorschach task has been considered by investigators from 2 different positions: (a) that color has little effect on the production of responses, and (b) that color increases the number of responses. Some previous results found by the current investigators ...
Chao Ting-Ting TT Medical Research Center, Cardinal Tien Hospital, School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University , New Taipei , Taiwan - - 2014
Abstract Background: The white blood cell (WBC) count was one of the first inflammatory markers associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Recently, two longitudinal studies have demonstrated a cause and effect relationship between MetS and WBC counts among middle-aged adults. However, no study has used WBC cutoff values to predict MetS ...
Bosman E E Medfem Clinic, Bryanston, South - - 2014
The IVF outcome of a group of hyperinsulinaemic men (group B) was compared with a group of IVF males with normal insulin levels (group A). The participating females in the study groups were younger than 38 years old, had blocked Fallopian tubes and/or endometriosis, had normal insulin levels and produced five ...
Yum Hae Ri HR Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Science, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate changes in ocular factors according to the binocular disparity in three-dimensional (3D) images and age after watching 3D display. A total of 38 volunteers were enrolled, and they watched a 3D display with a 1° or 3° disparity for 30 min at an interval of 1 week. The ...
Detti Laura L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate whether administration of goserelin, a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist, could prevent acute or chronic ovarian insufficiency from cyclophosphamide (CTX) administration to prepubertal mice. Animal study. University center. C57BL/6J mouse strain. Goserelin administered on day 13 of life, CTX on day 18 of life, euthanasia on day 20 (prepubertal), ...
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