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Simon J J Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, United - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to quantify nerve conduction velocity differences in individuals with functional ankle instability compared to a "healthy" population. 38 participants ages 18-30 were recruited from a large university with approximately 43 000 students. 19 subjects (9 men and 10 women; age=21.0±1.4 years; height=172.0±9.3 cm; mass=74.4±1 2.4 kg) with ...
Daubs Michael D MD 1University of Nevada School of Medicine, Division of Orthopaedics 2University of Utah, Department of Orthopaedics 3Northwestern University, Department of - - 2014
Study Design: Cross sectional surveyObjective: The purpose of our study was to evaluate a large population of adolescents from a broad mix of racial/ethnic backgrounds and age groups to better establish baseline normative values for the SRS-22.Summary of Background Data: The SRS-22 instrument was developed to assess treatment outcomes in ...
Falk Mads Krüger - - 2014
Dysregulation of the CCR3/CCL11 pathway has been implicated in the pathogenesis of choroidal neovascularisation, a common feature of late age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of CCR3 and its ligand CCL11 in peripheral blood in patients with neovascular AMD. Patients with neovascular ...
Meirambayeva Aizhan A a Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry , The University of Western Ontario , London , Ontario , - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of this study was to conduct a process and outcome evaluation of the deterrent impact of Ontario's street racing and stunt driving legislation, introduced in September 2007, on extreme speeding convictions. It was hypothesized that because males are much more likely to engage in speeding, street racing ...
Roszkowska-Gancarz Malgorzata M Department of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Center of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, - - 2014
Aging is usually associated with hyperleptinemia and leptin resistance, both increasing the risk of age-related diseases. It was relevant to establish if healthily aging, non-obese individuals develop changes in leptin, the soluble leptin receptor (OB-Re), free leptin index (FLI), in methylation of the leptin receptor gene (LEPR) promoter, and in ...
Izawa Kazuhiro P KP Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine Hospital, Kawasaki, - - 2014
Nutrition is the focus of a new treatment target in older hospitalized cardiac patients. However, little is known about the differences in nutritional status in relation to physical performance in these inpatients. We determined the differences in physical performance based on the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) and physical performance ...
Korb Christina A CA Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Langenbeckstr.1, 55131, Mainz, Germany, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the sex- and age-specific prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and its correlation with urban or rural residence in a large and relatively young European cohort. We evaluated fundus photographs from participants in the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS), a population-based, prospective, observational, ...
Bezerra Bruna Martins BM Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Cidade Universitária, Av. Prof. Moraes Rego, 1235, Recife, PE, 50670-901, Brazil, - - 2014
Compassionate caretaking behaviour towards dying adult group members has been reported as being unique to humans and chimpanzees. Here we describe in detail the reaction of a wild dominant male common marmoset, a neotropical primate, to the accidental death of the dominant female of its group. The male exhibited behaviours ...
Chimenti Ruth L RL PhD Student, University of Rochester - School of Nursing, Ithaca College - Rochester Campus, Department of Physical Therapy, Center for Foot and Ankle Research, Rochester, - - 2014
Study Design Cross-sectional, laboratory study. Objective To compare single limb heel rise performance and foot/ankle kinematics between persons with stage II Adult-Acquired Flatfoot Deformity (AAFD) and healthy controls. Background The inability to perform a single limb heel rise is considered a functional diagnostic test for AAFD. However, it is unknown ...
Short Camille E - - 2014
People have different preferences on how health behaviour change interventions are delivered to them; intervention implementation, retention and effectiveness may be improved if preferences can be matched.Purpose: This study aims to explore factors related to preference of face-to-face, and group-, print- or web-based physical activity intervention delivery modes among adults ...
Hilz Max J MJ Department of Neurology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Schwabachanlage 6, 91054 Erlangen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Autonomic arousal-responses to emotional stimuli change with age. Age-dependent autonomic responses to music-onset are undetermined. To determine whether cardiovascular-autonomic responses to "relaxing" or "aggressive" music differ between young and older healthy listeners. In ten young (22.8±1.7years) and 10 older volunteers (61.7±7.7years), we monitored respiration (RESP), RR-intervals (RRI), and systolic and ...
Wink Logan K LK 1 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center , Cincinnati, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess change in body mass index (BMI) and age- and gender-adjusted BMI Z-score in subjects ages 2-20 years with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), who were treated longitudinally with risperidone or aripiprazole at a tertiary care ASD clinic. Method: As part of ...
Choi Hyuk-Jae HJ Korea Orthopedics & Rehabilitation Engineering Center, Incheon, - - 2014
Numerous elderly individuals use the four-wheeled walker (FWW) as a gait-assistive device. The walker's handgrip height is important for correct use. However, few clinical studies have investigated the biomechanical effects of the FWW's handgrip height on balance. Therefore, the present study assessed kinematic features of the gait, torso and pelvis ...
Blum Kenneth - - 2014
Various trials have been conducted on the management and treatment of androgenic alopecia (AGA) or male pattern hair loss using a variety of laser and light sources. For this feasibility study, the population was composed of males between the ages of 20 and 60 years who have been experiencing active ...
Kim Gene G From the John A. Moran Eye Center (Kim, Christiansen, Moshifar), University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, and the Ruiz Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science (Kim), University of Texas Medical School at Houston, and the Robert Cizik Eye Clinic (Kim), Houston, Texas, - - 2014
To compare the change in keratometry (K), spherical equivalent (SE), and visual acuity after myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Academic tertiary care center. Retrospective review. The postoperative K, SE, and uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuities were measured 6 months, 9 months, 1 year, 2 ...
Mehanna Raja R University of Texas Health Science center, 6410 Fannin Street, Suite 1014, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Parkinson's disease (PD) affects 1-2% of the population over 65 years. There is evidence that the clinical features differ with age at symptom onset, but published information is scarce. We reviewed the charts of 593 PD patients and divided them into young onset (≤49 years), middle onset (50-69 years) and ...
Rongo Roberto R a PhD Student, Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Science and Oral Science, University of Naples "Federico II,", Naples, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the relationship between mandibular divergence and vertical and transverse dimensions of the face. Materials and Methods: A sample was recruited from the orthodontic clinic of the University of Otago, New Zealand. The recruited participants (N  =  60) were assigned to three different groups based on the ...
Galán-Mercant Alejandro - - 2014
Physical conditions through gait and other functional task are parameters to consider for frailty detection. The aim of the present study is to measure and describe. Firstly, to measure and describe the variability of acceleration, angular velocity and trunk displacement in the ten meter Extended Timed Get-Up-and-Go test in two ...
Termorshuizen Fabian F Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, PO Box 85500, 3508 GA, Utrecht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Recent studies have shown increased incidence of non-affective psychotic disorders (NAPD) among ethnic minorities compared to the native population, but not, or less so, in areas with a high own-group proportion. The aim is to investigate this ethnic density effect in Utrecht and whether this effect is due to higher ...
Wade Kelly R KR Experimental Tissue Mechanics Laboratory, Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
Recent investigations using an ovine spine model have established that the disc nucleus contains a highly convoluted fibre network with endplate-to-endplate connectivity, this connectivity being achieved via distinctive nodal attachment points. The purpose of this study was to investigate how this nodal anchoring system might be influenced by maturation. Lumbar ...
Zimmermann Ruediger R Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, and Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, - - 2014
Changes in the concentrations of amyloid-β (Aβ) in the body fluids are the earliest alterations observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD), however, there is a lack of data about how early these alterations occur, before the onset of the clinical symptoms. APOE genotype is the most recognized genetic risk/protective factor of ...
Filler Guido - - 2014
Background: To determine the relationship between maternal and neonatal cystatin C (CysC) and β-trace protein (BTP), markers of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) on day 1 of life. Methods: Blood levels of CysC, BTP, and creatinine (Cr) were analyzed from 128 healthy term and preterm neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive ...
Aslam Muhammad Aamir - - 2014
In various studies chronic elevation of corticosterone levels in female birds under natural or experimental conditions resulted in female biased offspring sex ratios. In chicken, one study with injected corticosterone resulted in a male sex ratio bias. In the current study, we chronically elevated blood plasma corticosterone levels through corticosterone ...
Lu Chun-I CI Loma Linda University, Resident, Implant, Loma Linda - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study is to use cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) scans with oblique-transverse reconstruction modality to measure and compare the anterior loop length (AnLL) of the mental nerve between gender & age groups and to compare the difference between the right and left sides. 61 female and ...
Welk Gregory J GJ 1Department of Kinesiology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 2Department of Statistics, Iowa State University, Ames, - - 2014
The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of an interviewer-administered, 24-hour physical activity recall (PAR) compared to the SenseWear Armband (SWA) for estimation of energy expenditure (EE) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a representative sample of adults. A secondary goal was to compare measurement errors ...
Bowles D D University of Bielefeld, Faculty of Health Sciences, Health Economics and Health Care Management, - - 2014
Failure of closure of the neural tube often leads to serious malformations, including spina bifida, anencephaly and encephalocoele. Despite improvements in medical and surgical treatment, the burden associated with spina bifida is substantial but country-specific data are lacking outside North America. This study aims to improve understanding of the economic ...
Craciun Catrinel C Department of Education and Psychology, Qualitative Research on Human Development, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany; Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, - - 2014
Nowadays people are growing old in a context where youth culture is the norm and where self-initiative is required in order to prepare for a good old age. However, planning old age may be more difficult for certain social groups with insecure work and living conditions. Precariousness, defined as bad ...
Fisher D S DS Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Toxicology Unit, Bessemer Wing, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust , Denmark Hill, London , - - 2014
Context. Unintentional carbon monoxide poisoning remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in England and Wales. Methods. Study design: observational case series. Data on fatal carbon monoxide poisoning in England and Wales from 1979 to 2012 were obtained from coroner reports. Data on unintentional non-fire-related carbon monoxide poisoning were ...
Steck Nicole N Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel, Switzerland and Hospital of Psychiatry Muensingen and University Hospital of Psychiatry Bern, Bern, - - 2014
In Switzerland, assisted suicide is legal but there is concern that vulnerable or disadvantaged groups are more likely to die in this way than other people. We examined socio-economic factors associated with assisted suicide. We linked the suicides assisted by right-to-die associations during 2003-08 to a census-based longitudinal study of ...
Barr M M 1Center for Exercise and Sports Science Research, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Western Australia, AUSTRALIA 2Canadian Sport Institute, Victoria, British Columbia, - - 2014
Increasing lower body strength is often considered to be important for improving the sprinting speed of rugby players. This concept was examined in a group (n=40) of international rugby players in a two part study. The players were tested for body mass (BM), one repetition maximum power clean (PC) and ...
Ireland A A Institute for Biomedical Research into Human Movement and Health, Manchester Metropolitan University, John Dalton Building, Chester Street, Manchester, M1 5GD, UK, - - 2014
While tennis playing results in large bone strength benefits in the racquet arm of young players, the effects of tennis playing in old players have not been investigated. Large side asymmetries in bone strength were found in veteran players, which were more pronounced in men, younger players and childhood starters. ...
Lin Chueh-Ho CH Department of Physical Therapy and Assistive Technology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, (R.O.C.)Taiwan; Department of Physical Therapy, Hung-Kung University, Taichung, - - 2014
Degeneration in the neuromuscular system due to aging can affect daily activities that need to be controlled by bimanual coordination with both hands. However, little is known about the influence of aging on grip strength and bimanual coordination control between hands. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ...
Cibrian-Llanderal Tamara T Posgrado en Neuroetología. Universidad Veracruzana, Xalapa, VER Mexico. Electronic address: - - 2014
Male rats display a conditioned ejaculatory preference for females that bear olfactory cues associated with ejaculation+the postejaculatory interval (PEI), or with the PEI alone. This indicates that exposure to a partner during the PEI is necessary and sufficient for the development of conditioned sexual partner preference. In the present study ...
Rhee Connie M CM Harold Simmons Center for Kidney Disease Research and Epidemiology, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of California Irvine Medical Center, Orange, Calif., - - 2014
Background: Prior studies show that African-American and Hispanic dialysis patients have lower mortality risk than whites. Recent age-stratified analyses suggest this survival advantage may be limited to younger age groups, but did not concurrently compare Hispanic, African-American, and white patients, nor account for differences in nutritional and inflammatory status as ...
Loya-Carrera J J Centro de Investigación en Reproducción Caprina, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Torreón, Coahuila, - - 2014
We aimed to determine whether the daily exchange of photo-stimulated males among subgroups of females improved the reproductive response of anestrous goats exposed to males. Bucks were rendered sexually active during the rest season by exposure to 2.5 months of long days from November 1st. In April, males (n=3) were ...
Luyten Anke A Ghent University, Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, De Pintelaan 185, 2P1, 9000 Gent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Optimal timing of palatal repair is still subject of discussion. Although literature provides some evidence that palatal closure prior to 6 months positively influence speech outcome in children with clefts, only few studies verified this hypothesis. The purpose of this study was to describe and compare articulation and resonance characteristics ...
Wenger Elisabeth E Center for Lifespan Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, - - 2014
We compared hippocampal volume measures obtained by manual tracing to automatic segmentation with FreeSurfer in 44 younger (20-30 years) and 47 older (60-70 years) adults, each measured with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) over three successive time points, separated by four months. Retest correlations over time were very high for both ...
Tsili Athina C AC Department of Clinical Radiology, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, - - 2014
The usefulness of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) in the evaluation of scrotal pathology has recently been reported. A standard reference of normal testicular apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values and their variations with age is necessary when interpreting normal testicular anatomy and pathology. We evaluated 147 normal testes using DWI, ...
Bortkiewicz Alicja A Department of Work Physiology and Ergonomics, Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland, - - 2014
Epidemiological studies provide evidence that airborne particulate matter may contribute to the increased incidence and mortality rates due to pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases. Only some of them address the problem of occupational exposure to particulate air pollution. The aim of our study was to assess cardiovascular reaction and autonomic regulation ...
Ohana Irit I Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Psychache can and does co-exist alongside resilience and coping amongst trauma survivors. This has been the center of the a-integrative theory of aging demonstrating an attitude to life based on cognitive and emotional dimensions. Aging of Holocaust survivors (HS) is especially difficult when focus is brought to the ...
Hibberd Elizabeth E EE Sports Medicine Research Laboratories, Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:Glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD) is the difference in internal rotation range of motion (IRROM) between the dominant and nondominant limbs. Pathological GIRD of greater than 15° to 25° has previously been linked to shoulder and elbow injuries in baseball players. Because of its relationship to shoulder and elbow disorders, ...
Frizelle Pauline P Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University College Cork , Cork , - - 2014
Abstract This study highlights the importance of error analysis in providing a comprehensive profile of an individual's grammatical ability with regard to relative clause (RC) constructions. The aim was to identify error patterns in the production of RCs by English-speaking, school-aged children with specific language impairment (SLI) and to relate ...
Aronson Patricia P Lynchburg College, - - 2014
Context : Analyzing ligament stiffness between males and females at 3 maturational stages across the lifespan may provide insight into whether changes in ligament behavior with aging may contribute to joint laxity. Objective : To compare the stiffness of the medial structures of the tibiofemoral joint and the medial collateral ...
Nagao Yoshihiro Y Department of General, Digestive and Endocrine Surgery, IRCAD-IHU, University Hospital of Strasbourg, 1 Place de l'Hôpital, 67091, Strasbourg, France, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of age on weight loss and on related glycolipid profile changes at 2-year follow-up after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). From 2005 to 2010, a total of 308 consecutive patients undergoing LSG were enrolled. Mean age was 39.7 ± 10.7 years, mean weight was ...
Roy Elise E Faculté de médecine et des sciences de la santé, Université de Sherbrooke, Longueuil, Québec, Canada, - - 2014
Little is known about the course of homelessness among youth between the ages of 18 and 25 despite the many characteristics distinguishing them from adolescents and from older street-involved populations. We examined the residential trajectories of homeless young adults in Montréal over a 21-month period and identified determinants of various ...
de Souza Ana Luiza AL Department of Global Oral Health, College of Dental Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands; Department of Paediatric Dentistry, School of Health Sciences, University of Brasília, Brasília, - - 2014
A new caries assessment instrument, the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST), was developed. It covers carious lesion progression from no lesion, sealants and restorations to lesions in enamel and dentine, advanced stages in pulpal and tooth-surrounding tissues, and tooth loss owing to dental caries, in nine codes. The objective ...
Cochrane Kristen C KC 1Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Human Performance Laboratory, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE; and 2Department of Oral Biology, College of Dentistry, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Lincoln, - - 2014
The purposes of this study were to: 1) examine the age-related patterns of differences in height (HT), body mass (BM), percent body fat (% fat), body mass index (BMI), and skinfolds (SF) in 11 - 18 year old wrestlers; 2) determine the coherence of direct (% fat) and indirect (BMI ...
Chung Eun Kyoung EK Graduate School of Baekseok University, Seoul, South - - 2014
An adult passenger has been known to facilitate young drivers' safe driving. This study examined whether the adult passenger's effect is produced by the simple presence of an adult passenger or by the driving tips offered by the passenger. Further, we examined whether the effect would be transferred to when ...
Acheson R J RJ Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins - - 2014
This study compared sensory properties of LM steaks from A maturity and B maturity or older carcasses that were produced by grain-finished steers and heifers classified as less than 30 mo old at the time of slaughter using dentition. Carcasses were selected to represent 2 maturity groups and 3 marbling ...
Jean Legaye L Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital UCL Mont-Godinne, B-5530, Yvoir, Belgium, - - 2014
The pelvic incidence (PI) was recognized as the key factor of the sagittal balance of the spine. Its value was described own for each individual and unchanged during adulthood. To bring out the effect of the age and of a sagittal imbalance in the variability of the value of PI. ...
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