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Chalmers David J DJ Children's Hospital Colorado, 13123 E. 16th Ave, 463 Aurora, CO 80045, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Female congenital abnormalities and concomitant ambiguous genitalia constitute the primary reason for female genital reconstruction, however, objective data describing normal female anatomy is lacking. The aim of this study is to describe the normal anatomical relationships and size of the external genital structures in prepubescent females. Data were collected prospectively ...
Nishimatsu Hiroaki H Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo , Tokyo , Japan - - 2014
Abstract "LEOPIN ROYAL®" (LER), a non-prescription health-promoting medication in Japan, is a preparation containing six natural medicines, namely, aged garlic extract, ginseng, oriental bezoar, velvet antler, cuscuta seed and epimedium herb. To determine the effect of LER on symptoms of aging in males, we conducted an open-labeled, randomized clinical trial ...
Han Qunhua Q Chinese Academy of Sciences Dongting Lake Station for Wetland Ecosystem Research, Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture Changsha 410125 China Sichuan University College of Life Science Chendu 610064 - - 2014
Between December 2011 and March 2012, the reproductive characteristics of Microtus fortis reared in the laboratory at different population densities were assessed. In all, 258 male and female voles were randomly divided into 4 groups and reared at densities of 2, 4, 6, and 8 animals per cage (sex ratio: ...
Ha Yale Y Postgraduate student, Department of Oral Anatomy and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to investigate and compare the anterior facial heights of children with long, normal, and short faces during growth and to discover whether long-faced subjects have long dimensions in both the upper and lower anterior facial heights compared with the others. Longitudinal lateral cephalometric data ...
Ganse B B Division Space Physiology, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, German Aerospace Center, Cologne, - - 2014
Objectives: Recent studies have identified rates of injuries in young elite athletes during major athletic events. However, no such data exist on master athletes. The aim of this study was to assess incidence and types of injuries during the 2012 European Veteran Athletics Championships as a function of age, performance ...
Brown Richard R University of Birmingham Centre for Cardiovascular - - 2014
Studies have shown higher in-hospital mortality for female patients and ethnic minorities admitted to hospital with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Pre-hospital delay is associated with increased in-hospital mortality. We assessed the impact of gender and ethnicity on symptom-to-door-time in patients presenting with STEMI. We conducted a retrospective study ...
Heredia Luisn L 32 Strawberry Hill Court, Stamford, CT 06901, USA. Tel 203-276-4777, fax 203-276-4778. - - 2014
The Orquesta Buena Vista Social Club® is a world-renowned group of Cuban musicians accomplished in a variety of musical styles. The musicians of the Orquesta Buena Vista Social Club and supporting musicians of their orchestras represent a cohort of musicians throughout Cuba who continue to play traditional genres and perform ...
Zhang Zhigang Z Department of Geriatric Medicine, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, - - 2014
Legionella is an important community-acquired pneumonia pathogen. Although the elderly are especially susceptible to Legionella, few studies have looked at comparative radiographic features of Legionella pneumonia in this population. The aim of this study was to explore the chest radiographic characteristics of community-acquired Legionella pneumonia in the elderly. Serial chest ...
Wolska Agnieszka A Department of Safety Engineering, Laboratory of Optical Radiation, Central Institute for Labour Protection - National Research Institute (CIOP-PIB), Warszawa, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to analyze discomfort glare sensation in subjects aged 50 years and more in comparison with younger subjects (i.e. younger than 35 years of age). The experiments were performed on a computer workstation placed in controlled lighting environment where 2 discomfort glare conditions were modeled. ...
Aronson Patricia P Lynchburg College, - - 2014
Context: Analyzing ligament stiffness between males and females at 3 maturational stages across the lifespan may provide insight into whether changes in ligament behavior with aging may contribute to joint laxity. Objective: To compare the stiffness of the medial structures of the tibiofemoral joint and the medial collateral ligament to ...
Okasha Samir S Department of Philosophy,University of Bristol,Bristol BS8 - - 2014
All group traits, "emergent" or otherwise, are ultimately dependent on the traits and behaviours of the individuals that constitute the group. Unless a process of "group reproduction" is envisaged, this means that the evolution of group traits can in principle be studied in an individualistic way, by studying the dynamics ...
Santana Carlos C Institute for Research in Cognitive Science, University of Pennsylvania,Philadelphia,PA - - 2014
We argue that Smaldino has not established that group-level traits constitute a unit of selection distinct from selection on individuals, as group-level traits are neither replicators nor interactors. Moreover, we argue that Wimsatt's analysis of emergence and aggregativity supports an understanding of group-level and other emergent traits as explanatorily reducible ...
Balasubramaniam M M 1Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jaffna, Sri Lanka. - - 2014
To establish reference norms of lung function parameters for healthy Sri Lankan Tamil young adults. Cross sectional study of Tamil students at the Faculty of Medicine, Jaffna. Healthy non smoking students of Sri Lankan Tamil ethnic group were enrolled. Age, height, weight, BMI and spirometric measurements (Micro Quark) were recorded ...
Graudenz Gustavo Silveira GS Medical Sciences Department, Nove de Julho University, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Objective: the purpose of this study was to update and analyze data on mortality trend due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Brazil. Methods: initially, the specific COPD mortality rates were calculated from 1989 to 2009 using data collected from DATASUS (Departamento de Informática do SUS - Brazilian Health ...
Fernandes Antonio A University of Mogi Das Cruze, Mogi Das Cruzes, São Paulo, - - 2014
To evaluate the prevalence, reliability and severity of symptoms of urinary incontinence (UI) in adolescent female soccer players and the impact of those symptoms on quality of life. The present work is a cross-sectional study of 59 female adolescents divided into a group of athletes, which included 35 adolescent amateur ...
Lai Der-Chung DC Ditmanson Medical Foundation Chia-Yi Christian Hospital, Chia-Yi, TaiwanChia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan, - - 2014
Childhood hearing impairment (CHI) is a major developmental disability, but data at the national level are limited, especially those on the trends over time. We conducted a study to assess the time trend of CHI prevalence in Taiwan and explore its associated factors. The Taiwan government certifies disabled residents for ...
Tan T Y - - 2014
Fertility in women declines with increasing age. With the deferment of marriage and childbearing, couples are turning to assisted reproductive technology to counteract this decline. We aimed to evaluate the results of in vitrofertilisation (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in women of different age groups, and highlight the cost-effectiveness of IVF ...
Mody Bharat S BS Welcare Hospital, 1st floor, Akashganga Building, Race Course Circle, Baroda, 390007, Gujarat, India, - - 2014
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been established as a very successful and commonly performed procedure for primary and secondary osteoarthritis, and also for inflammatory arthropathies of the knee in all age groups and both genders. It has predominantly been used as a procedure in the age group of patients 65 years ...
Sharma A A Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Woolwich, London, - - 2014
To determine the variation in stillbirth rate in association with ethnicity and gestational age. A retrospective audit of all stillbirths from January 2009 to February 2013. A busy District General Hospital, London, catering to a high risk, multi ethnic population. 131 cases of stillbirth (SB) were identified.103 cases were analysed ...
Son Jeong-Hyun JH Department of Benefit Center, Chaum Hospital, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The present study aimed to determine the effect of an 8-week program of joint mobilization on changes in pelvic obliquity and pain level in seventeen female university students aged in their 20's with sacroiliac joint dysfunction by dividing them into two groups: a joint mobilization group (MWM) and a ...
Tantisuwat Anong A Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, - - 2014
[Purpose] The multi-directional reach test (MDRT) is a simple, inexpensive, reliable and valid screening tool for assessing the limits of stability in the anterorposterior and mediolateral directions. The aim of this study was to quantify the limits of stability of people aged between 20 and 79 years using the MDRT. [Subjects] ...
Duan Jian J - - 2014
Spathius galinae Belokobylskij & Strazanac is a recently described parasitoid of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, in the Russian Far East, and is currently being considered for biocontrol introduction in the United States. Using A. planipennis larvae reared with freshly cut ash (Fraxinus spp.) sticks, we investigated the ...
Giuliani Cristina C Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Laboratory of Molecular Anthropology and Centre for Genome Biology, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
(i) investigate the transmission of low level heteroplasmies in the elderly; (ii) explore the association of heteroplasmy with age and longevity and (iii) investigate heteroplasmy patterns in these three groups. We sequenced a 853 bp mtDNA fragment in 88 individuals to an average coverage of 49334-fold, using quality control filtering ...
Ozawa Glen Y GY *OD †PhD ‡OD, PhD, FAAO §PhD, RN ∥MD University of California, Berkeley School of Optometry, Berkeley, California (GO, MAB, KWB-C, MES, SB, AJA); and Midwestern University, Arizona College of Optometry, Glendale, Arizona - - 2014
To determine whether neuroretinal function differs in healthy adult males and females younger and older than 50 years. This study included one eye from each of 50 normal subjects (29 females and 21 males). Neuroretinal function was assessed using first-order P1 implicit times (ITs) and N1-P1 amplitudes (AMPs) obtained from ...
Meirambayeva Aizhan A Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to conduct a process and outcome evaluation of the deterrent impact of Ontario's street racing and stunt driving legislation which came into effect on September 30, 2007, on collision casualties defined as injuries and fatalities. It was hypothesized that because males, especially young ones, ...
Kosalram K K Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Few prospective studies have investigated risk factors associated with severe tooth surface loss. This case-control study assessed the possible association between medical history, diet, psychological profile and salivary pH and flow [Delongis 1982, Johansson 1993] with the incidence of severe tooth surface loss. A total of 80 subjects (40 cases ...
Mizuno R R Department of Orthodontics, Matsumoto Dental University, Shiojiri, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to quantitatively evaluate the relationship between frontal craniofacial morphology and the horizontal balance of the lip-closing forces (LCF) generated during maximum voluntary pursing-like movements in patients with mandibular deviation. Thirty-one subjects (median age 25·4 ± 8·9 years) without a history of orthodontic treatment were randomly selected from ...
Fischer Mary E - - 2014
The relationship between taste-intensity patterns and 5-year change in adiposity-related health measures was determined. Participants were members of the Beaver Dam Offspring Study, a study of the adult children of participants in the population-based Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study. There were 1,918 participants (mean baseline age=48.8 years; range=22 to 84 ...
de Waroquier-Leroy L L Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine department, hôpital Swynghedauw, 59037 Lille cedex, - - 2014
The Functional Reach Test (FRT) is a clinical assessment of the risk of falls in elderly or disabled subjects. However, the FRT is complex (involving the leg, hip and trunk joints) and previous studies have shown that several different strategies can be used to complete the test. To describe the ...
Violán Concepción - - 2014
The burden of chronic conditions and multimorbidity is a growing health problem in developed countries. The study aimed to determine the estimated prevalence and patterns of multimorbidity in urban areas of Catalonia, stratified by sex and adult age groups, and to assess whether socioeconomic status and use of primary health ...
Tsushima Akira A Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Nagoya City University, 1 Yamanohata Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya-shi, Aichi, 467-8501, Japan, - - 2014
This study examined the immediate effects of a 5-min pedaling period with varying cadence (VC) on various dimensions of gait function in frail older adults. Twenty frail older adults (mean age 77.2 years) were randomly assigned to one of two groups: the VC group or the constant cadence (CC) group. Each ...
Oh Kyoung Ho KH Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck - - 2014
Abstract Conclusion: Our results indicate that electrocochleography (ECoG) has limited value in diagnosing Meniere's disease during the early symptomatic period. Objective: We hypothesized that if endolymphatic hydrops is a cause of Meniere's disease, ECoG results obtained in normal subjects would differ from those obtained during the early symptomatic period of ...
Leca Jean-Baptiste JB Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, AB, T1K 3M4, Canada, - - 2014
We documented nine male homosexual consortships within three different male-male dyads in a free-ranging all-male group of Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata), at Minoo, Japan. A total of 63 male-male mounts were observed during these consortships. Male homosexual interactions shared most of the behavioral components that have been reported to characterize ...
Smillie Ian I Department of Paediatric Otolaryngology, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, - - 2014
Prevalence of paediatric voice disorders has been reported as 6-9% in children of school age. The appropriate diagnosis and management of paediatric voice disorders is essential for progress in education and psychosocial development. This paper presents a review of a UK tertiary paediatric voice clinic experience of referral patterns, diagnosis, ...
Burt Lauren A LA Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, McCaig Institute for Bone and Joint Health, University of Calgary, Room HRIC 3C49, 3280 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 4Z6, Canada, - - 2014
Within a normative youth cohort (16-29 years) bone parameters for males and females remained stable at the radius. At the tibia, a peak was observed for females at 16-19 years, with bone density and strength decreasing by 29 years. To determine if bone microstructural and strength parameters identified by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed ...
Hendriks Gert-Jan GJ Institute of Integrated Mental Health Care "Pro Persona," Centre for Anxiety Disorders "Overwaal,", Lent, The Netherlands; Behavioral Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Department of Psychiatry, Radboud University Medical Centre, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Older adults with panic disorder and agoraphobia (PDA) are underdiagnosed and undertreated, while studies of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) are lacking. This study compares the effectiveness of CBT for PDA in younger and older adults. A total of 172 patients with PDA (DSM-IV) received manualized CBT. Primary outcome measures were avoidance ...
Grabara Małgorzata M Department of Recreation, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education, Mikołowska street 72a, 40-065 Katowice, Poland. Tel.: +48 32 2075169; Fax +48 32 2075345; E-mail: - - 2014
To assess the shape of anteroposterior vertebral curvatures in adolescents who practice team sports. 57 females and 104 males aged 14-17 years, playing volleyball, basketball or handball, and 63 females and 99 males as a control group. A Rippstein plurimeter was used to measure the angles of thoracic kyphosis and ...
Chien Li-Wei LW 1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Medical University Hospital , Taipei, Taiwan - - 2014
Abstract Background: This study aimed to examine the correlation of heart rate variability (HRV) and meridian electrical conductance among middle-aged women during an 8-week period of auricular acupressure (AA) treatment for weight reduction. Methods: Sixty (60) subjects were randomized either to a control group (n=30) or to a treatment group ...
Chang Mei-Ying MY National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei City, Taiwan (R.O.C) - - 2014
Population aging is occurring worldwide, and preventing cardiovascular event in older people is a unique challenge. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a 12-week qigong (eight-form moving meditation) training program on the heart rate variability and peripheral vasomotor response of middle-aged and elderly people in ...
Wolter Riccarda R University of Regensburg, Biologie 1, Universitätsstraße 31, 93053 Regensburg, Germany; University of Applied Sciences Nuertingen, Faculty Agriculture, Economics and Management, Department Equine Management, Neckarsteige 6-10, 72622 Nuertingen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The maintenance and development of conservation areas by grazing of large herbivores, such as Przewalski's horses is common practice. Several nature conservation areas house male bachelor groups of this species. When males are needed for breeding they are removed from the groups, often without considering group compositions and individual social ...
Cebeci A N AN Clinic of Pediatric Endocrinology, Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Istanbul, Turkey - - - 2014
Visceral adiposity plays an important role in the pathogenesis of obesity related hypertension. Measurement of perinephric adipose tissue (PNAT) thickness has not been studied yet. We aimed to define the relation of PNAT with hypertension; and to investigate its correlationsì with apelin and Creactive protein. Sixty obese adolescents (33 females, ...
Agarwal Ashok - - 2014
Spermatozoa morphology is an important and complex characteristic of the fertilization capacity of male germ cells. Morphological abnormalities have been observed to be accompanied by reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction and further damage to spermatozoa, ultimately leading to infertility. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the relationship between seminal ROS ...
Huang Rui R Department of Developmental and Regenerative Biology, College of Life Science and Technology, Jinan University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2014
To evaluate the changes of stage distribution of seminiferous epithelium cycle and its correlations with Leydig cell stereological parameters in aging men. Point counting method was used to analyze the stereological parameters of Leydig cells. The stage number of seminiferous epithelium cycle was calculated in the same testicular tissue samples ...
Lahner Matthias M Department of Orthopaedic Sports Surgery, St. Josef-Hospital, Ruhr-University Bochum, Gudrunstr. 56, 44791, Bochum, Germany, - - 2014
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) represents a novel approach to the mechanical etiology of hip osteoarthritis. The cam-type femoroacetabular impingement deformity occurs frequently in young male athletes. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of FAI in male semiprofessional soccer players using clinical examination and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ...
Zoungas Sophia S aSchool of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne bThe George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, - - 2014
A strong potential exists for greater promotion of statin therapy among the over-70 age group on the basis of their high absolute cardiovascular risk. However, the evidence for this approach is currently unclear. Meta-analysis of trials highlights the uncertainty about the efficacy of statins in the prevention of major vascular ...
Izumi Kentaro K Department of Gastroenterology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, - - 2014
We examined the incidence of and factors associated with fever, as well as the frequency of bacteremia, in patients who had undergone endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for colorectal tumor. A total of 199 patients (120 male and 79 female) were included. The patients were classified into two groups based on ...
Chen Xiang-Jun XJ Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, No. 253 Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
To retrospectively analyze the epidemiological characteristics of pediatric bedside stove burns (PBSB) in China and to explore prevention and control measures. Data on pediatric burns from three hospitals located in the epidemic area were collected from January 1996 to December 2010 and were divided into the PBSB group and the ...
Van Lierde Kristiane M KM Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Facial appearance and speech outcome may affect psychosocial functioning in girls and boys. Several studies reported dissatisfaction with facial appearance and more specifically the lip and mouth profile in children with cleft lip and palate (CLP). The purpose of this controlled study was to measure the tongue and lip strength ...
Wu Yu-Tzu YT Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, Forvie Site, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, - - 2014
There have been dramatic societal changes in East Asia over the last hundred years. Several of the established risk factors could have important period and cohort effects. This study explores temporal variation of dementia prevalence in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan taking study methods into account. Seventy prevalence studies ...
El-Kassabi Rasha M RM Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Prince Sultan Military Medical City , Riyadh , Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Objective. The aims of this study were to obtain normative nasalance scores for a normal Saudi population with different ages and genders, to develop nasometric Arabic speech materials, and to make cross-linguistic comparison. Subjects. Participants included 219 normal Saudi native monolingual Arabic speakers of different ages. Subjects were classified into ...
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