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Luyten Anke A Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Aims: The purpose of this study was to describe articulation and resonance characteristics of Ugandan English-speaking children with cleft lip and palate (CLP) after synchronous lip and palatal closure (Sommerlad technique) prior to the age of 6 months in comparison with an age- and gender-matched control group. Methods: Eleven Ugandan ...
Kavana Theethira S TS Biopsychology Laboratory, University of Mysore, Mysore, - - 2014
Male takeover and infanticide are a widespread phenomenon among non-human primates, observed mostly in species with a relatively longer lactation in relation to gestation. In this study, we report for the first time an episode of male takeover and infanticide, and the rarely reported occurrence of an all-male band and ...
Bates T T The Breast Unit, William Harvey Hospital, Ashford, Kent TN24 0LZ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Older women are less likely to have surgery for operable breast cancer. This population-based study examines operation rates by age and identifies groups which present with early or late disease. 37 000 cancer registrations for 2007 were combined with Hospital Episode Statistics comorbidity data for England. Operation rates were examined by ...
Kasagi Yuta Y Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
This study clarifies age differences in clinicopathologic characteristics and risk factor exposure of patients who have undergone esophagectomy for esophageal cancer (EC). Clinical results of esophagectomy were compared between 22 patients younger than 50 years of age (Group I) and 327 patients older than 50 years of age (Group II) with esophageal ...
Wirz Markus M Balgrist University Hospital, Spinal Cord Injury Center, Zurich, Switzerland, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Health Departement, Institute of Physiotherapy, Winterthur, Switzerland ; - - 2014
This retrospective study was designed to examine the influence of age on the outcome of motor function and activities of daily living (ADLs) in patients with a cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). The study is based on the data registry of the EMSCI study group. Initial upper extremity motor score ...
Kushida Osamu O Department of Health and Nutrition, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the effects of an environmental intervention based on the transtheoretical model to increase access to nutritional information about vegetable consumption in workplace cafeterias. Nonrandomized controlled trial. Sixteen workplaces with cafeterias in Niigata, Japan, were assigned to intervention (n = 8) or comparison sites (n = 8). A total ...
Barends Coraline C Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Background: The low vegetable intake in children may be attributed to their low preference for vegetables. During the first year of life, first taste preferences are formed, which may track over time. In a previous study to increase infants' vegetable intake and liking, we found that at the start of ...
Hee Ahn Seong S Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 138-736, Republic of - - 2014
Context: Fat and muscle are linked to bone metabolism. Objective: To investigate the association of fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) with bone mineral density (BMD) according to gender and age Design and Setting: A population-based, cross-sectional study from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys Participants: 15,036 Koreans ...
Pizzato Tatiana M TM Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor Apparatus, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
Grip strength is used to infer functional status in several pathological conditions, and the hand dynamometer has been used to estimate performance in other areas. However, this relationship is controversial in neuromuscular diseases and studies with the bulb dynamometer comparing healthy children and children with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) are ...
Tjon Pian Gi Robin E A RE Department of Otorhinolaryngology/ Head & Neck Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Graduate School of Medical Sciences (Groningen University Institute for Drug Exploration), University of Groningen, The - - 2014
Background: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is mainly associated with HPV6 or HPV11. The aim of this study is to compare clinical outcome, aggressiveness and treatment response between HPV6 and HPV11 associated RPP. Methods: A retrospective cohort of 55 RRP patients (1974-2012) was used. Surgical interventions (n=814) were analyzed, and complications ...
Vicendese D D School of Public Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, 3086 - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: Little is known about asthma readmissions within 28 days over time by age or gender. We explored trends in childhood asthma hospital readmission rates over time by age, gender and season. Methods: Using a large database of 53,156 childhood admissions with a primary diagnosis of asthma from the ...
Thai Kim T KT a School of Aviation University of New South Wales , Sydney , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Objectives One of the main requirements of a protective bicycle helmet is to provide and maintain adequate coverage to the head. A poorly fitting or fastened helmet may be displaced during normal use or even ejected during a crash. The aims of the current study were to identify factors ...
Braga L H LH Department of Surgery, McMaster University, 1280 Main St W, HSC 4E19, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada; McMaster Children's Hospital, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To identify a contralateral testicular cut-off size that would predict monorchism (intra-abdominal vanishing testis or inguinal/scrotal nubbin) in boys with unilateral nonpalpable testis (NPT). Boys with cryptorchidism, treated by a single surgeon at a tertiary care center from 2009 to 2013, were grouped based on intra-operative findings: boys with a ...
Wallia Amisha A Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Molecular Medicine, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evidence suggests an association between exposure to cadmium and dysglycemia. To investigate this matter, we examined the relationship between urinary cadmium and prediabetes in the cross sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). NHANES participants for the years 2005 through 2010 aged ≥40 years were included in the analysis. ...
Wu Xiaojing X Department of Nephrology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medcine , Shanghai , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: In order to evaluate the clinical and pathological characteristics of diuretics associated acute kidney injury (AKI) and its management. Methods: We performed a retrospective study including 131 cases that diagnosed as diuretics associated AKI from 1 January 1999 to 1 January 2010 in Ruijin Hospital affiliated to Shanghai ...
Friedman Seth D SD Department of Radiology, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
While there have been isolated reports of callosal morphology differences in pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy (PDE), a rare autosomal disorder caused by ALDH7A1 gene mutations, no study has systematically evaluated callosal features in a large sample of patients. This study sought to overcome this knowledge gap. Spanning a wide age range from ...
Tian Chunjie C Department of Otolaryngology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of - - 2014
Since Korean red ginseng (KRG) has been proven to protect against gentamicin-induced vestibular and hearing dysfunction, the effects of KRG on age-related inner ear disorder in C57BL/6 mice were investigated. While age-related hearing loss was detected at the age of 6months (32kHz) and 9months (16kHz) in the control group, it ...
Weyl-Feinstein S S Department of Ruminant Science, Institute of Animal Science, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, PO Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel; Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Haifa, 31905 Haifa, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cryptosporidium parvum is considered one of the most common enteropathogens, responsible for the high incidence of diarrhea and deleterious implications on immunity and health in neonatal calves. The pomegranate is well known for its health-promoting properties. Two experiments were designed to test the antiparasitical and antidiarrheal effects of concentrated pomegranate ...
Acurio Jesenia J Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Vascular Physiology Laboratory, Group of Investigation in Tumor Angiogenesis (GIANT), Group of Research and Innovation in Vascular Health (GRIVAS Health), University of Bío-Bío, Chillán, Chile; School of Phonoaudiology, Universidad Pedro de Valdivia, Chillan, - - 2014
Either obesity or vocal loading task leads to elevation of proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 6 (IL-6). However, it is unknown whether vocal parameters after vocal loading are correlated with body mass index (BMI) or IL-6. We hypothesize that vocal loading induces an elevation of acoustic parameters of voice and ...
Duci Shkelzen B SB University Clinical Center of Kosovo, Department of Plastic Surgery, Pristina, Kosovo. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and cause of burns in children of our population. This was a retrospective study that included 399 patients with burns, younger than 15 years old who were admitted to the Department of Plastic Surgery, University Clinical Center of Kosovo, between ...
Ozen A E AE Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Near East University, Mersin, - - 2014
Fluid intake, especially water, is essential for human life and also necessary for physical and mental function. The present study aimed to assess beverage consumption across age groups. A systematic review was conducted. Original research in English language publications and available studies (or abstracts in English) from 2000 to 2013 ...
Li Yawen Y San Diego State University, CA, USA - - 2014
There is a limited research and understanding regarding the physical activity (PA) of older Asian Americans. This study examined the associations between neighborhood factors and walking among older Asian Americans. Drawing from the 2003 California Health Interview Survey, our sample included 1,045 older adults aged 55 and above representing five ...
Silva Franciane F FF Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), Vitória, ES, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
leukemias comprise the most common group of cancers in children and adolescents. Studies conducted in other countries and Brazil have observed a decrease in their mortality.This study aimed to evaluate the trend of mortality from leukemia in children under 19 years of age in Brazil, from 1980 to 2010. this ...
Altaf Sadaf S Departments of *Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine †Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester MN ‡Preventive and Societal Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE §Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA ∥Division of Pediatric Surgery, East Carolina University, Greenville, - - 2014
On the Fourth Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma study, older children experienced excessive neurotoxicity, whereas younger children had increased myelosuppression. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the same pattern of toxicity was seen on the successor study when use of growth factor was required and dosing of chemotherapy was different ...
Wong Martin Cs MC 1. School of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong, HKSAR, China (postal code: - - 2014
Hypertension is one of the most important public health issues worldwide. We assessed the prevalence rates of self reported hypertension in Hong Kong between 2001 to 2008 and evaluated factors associated with its prevalence. serial cross-sectional surveys. Territory-wide Household surveys in the Hong Kong population in the years 2001, 2002, ...
Sung Paul S PS Department of Physical Therapy, Panuska College of Professional Studies, The University of Scranton, 800 Linden St, Scranton, PA 18510, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the kinematics of the shoulder and pelvis based on range of motion (ROM), angular velocity, and relative phase (RP) values during trunk axial rotation. Nineteen subjects with recurrent low back pain (LBP) and 19 age-matched control subjects who are all right limb ...
Uyanik Mehmet Sevki MS Department of Hematology, Trakya University Medical Faculty, - - 2014
Gouty arthritis (GA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis in which both clinical and subclinical atherosclerosis are more frequent. The dynamic equilibrium between coagulation and fibrinolysis is impaired in inflammatory diseases. We determined TFPI and TAFI antigen levels in GA patients and evaluated their association with subclinical atherosclerosis. We included 45 ...
Kočovská Eva E Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Kungsgatan 12, 411 19, Göteborg, Sweden, - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency has been proposed as a possible risk factor for developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD). 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) levels were examined in a cross-sectional population-based study in the Faroe Islands. The case group consisting of a total population cohort of 40 individuals with ASD (aged 15-24 years) had significantly ...
Guerdoux Estelle E Laboratory Epsylon, EA 4556 Dynamics of Human Abilities & Health Behaviors, University of Montpellier, 4 Boulevard Henri IV, 34000, Montpellier, France, - - 2014
This study aimed to examine the age-related differences in the olfactory-visual cross-correspondences and the extent to which they are moderated by the odors pleasantness. Sixty participants aged from 20- to 75- years (young, middle-aged and older adults) performed a priming task to explore the influence of six olfactory primes (lemon, ...
Smittkamp Susan S Department of Molecular & Integrative Physiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Blvd., Mailstop 3051, Kansas City, KS, 66160, - - 2014
Orolingual motor deficits, such as dysarthria and dysphagia, contribute to increased morbidity and mortality in the elderly. In preclinical studies, we and others have reported age-related decreases in tongue motility in both F344 and F344/BN rats. The fact that these deficits are associated with nigrostriatal dopamine (DA), tissue measures suggest ...
Rantalainen Timo T Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland, - - 2014
High impact loading is known to prevent some of the age-related bone loss but its effects on the density distribution of cortical bone are relatively unknown. This study examined the effects of age and habitual sprinting on tibial and fibular mid-shaft bone traits (structural, cortical radial and polar bone mineral ...
Tuna Mazhar Müslüm MM Endocrinology and Metabolism Division, Medical Faculty, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey, - - 2014
Adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) have been associated with an increased incidence of several cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of this study was to investigate plasma adiponectin, leptin, resistin, homocysteine, high sensitive C-reactive protein levels, and carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) in patients with non-functioning AI (NFAI). This study included data from ...
Koppenol-Gonzalez Gabriela V GV Department of Methodology and Statistics, Tilburg University, NL-5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
In studies on the development of cognitive processes, children are often grouped based on their ages before analyzing the data. After the analysis, the differences between age groups are interpreted as developmental differences. We argue that this approach is problematic because the variance in cognitive performance within an age group ...
Salah Muhja M Department of Orthodontics, University of Khartoum, - - 2014
Ethnic differences in craniofacial dimensions and proportional relationships means that ethnicity-specific data is required for both diagnosis and treatment planning. This investigation establishes normative craniofacial anthropometric values for the Sudanese female (SF) population, compares with North American White (NAW) and African-American females (AA), and analyses the occurrence of neoclassical norms ...
Kang Hwayeong H a Department of Human and Systems Engineering , Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology , Ulsan , - - 2014
A laboratory study was conducted to determine how users of different handedness interact with desktop touchscreen displays and how the hand usage pattern influences their body discomfort development. Twenty-one participants in three different handedness groups conducted simple web-browsing for 30 minutes using a 23″ touchscreen display while their subjective body ...
Sylvain-Roy Stéphanie S a Centre de Recherche de l'Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie de Montréal , Montreal , Quebec , - - 2014
This study aimed at characterizing the individual variability in three attentional control functions (shifting, inhibition, and updating), among 75 older and 75 younger adults. It also examined the intellectual and health variables associated with different cognitive profiles. Cluster analyses identified three separate attentional control profiles for both age groups, but ...
Wysong Ashley A *Department of Dermatology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Redwood City, California; †Department of Dermatology, Mohs/Dermatologic Surgery Division, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, California; ‡Department of Radiology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California; §Department of Dermatology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; ‖Berman Gladstone Skin Institute, Palo Alto, - - 2014
Quantitative data on soft tissue aging of the face are scarce, particularly in men. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to quantify and compare facial soft tissue loss in men. Two thousand thirty-seven MRIs were screened and 30 male subjects were divided into young, middle, and old-aged groups. A blinded ...
Pereira Leticia Cristina Radin LC Graduate Program in Nutrition, Federal University of Santa Catarina, - - 2014
Recurrent infections and activation of the inflammatory response affect the prognosis of Cystic Fibrosis (CF). We investigated the relationship between inflammatory response, infection, and pulmonary function in CF. A clinical-cross-sectional study was conducted with 86 subjects: Control Group (CG, n=31, the same age and sex of the CFG), and CF ...
Perri A F AF Laboratorio de Regulación Hipofisaria, Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental, Vuelta de Obligado 2490, 1428, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina; Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, 3080, Esperanza, Santa Fe, - - 2014
Mammary ductal morphogenesis during prepuberty occurs mainly in response to insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and estradiol stimulation. Dairy heifers infected with gastrointestinal nematodes have reduced IGF-1 levels, accompanied by reduced growth rate, delayed puberty onset, and lower parenchyma-stroma relationship in their mammary glands. Immunohistochemical studies were undertaken to determine variations ...
Szewczyk-Krolikowski Konrad K From the Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences (K.S.-K., M.R., M.H.), Oxford Parkinson's Disease Centre (OPDC) (K.S.-K., R.A.L.M., M.R., M.T.M.H., C.E.M.), Department of Psychiatry (C.E.M.), and FMRIB Centre (R.A.L.M., E.D., G.S.-K., N.F., G.Z., C.E.M.), University of Oxford, - - 2014
To examine functional connectivity within the basal ganglia network (BGN) in a group of cognitively normal patients with early Parkinson disease (PD) on and off medication compared to age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC), and to validate the findings in a separate cohort of participants with PD.METHODS: Participants were scanned ...
Esteban-Cornejo Irene I Department of Physical Education, Sports, and Human Movement, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
To examine the independent and combined associations of the components of physical fitness with academic performance among youths. This cross-sectional study included a total of 2038 youths (989 girls) aged 6-18 years. Cardiorespiratory capacity was measured using the 20-m shuttle run test. Motor ability was assessed with the 4 × 10-m shuttle run ...
Cheng Yuan-Yang YY Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan; Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, - - 2014
Sit-to-stand (STS) movements are essential for daily activities. Failure to perform STS movements efficiently and smoothly may lead to falls. In this study, we developed a forceplate to analyze vertical ground reaction force (VGRF), STS duration and generated muscle power to investigate which parameters were fall status predictors. A total ...
Bizovska Lucia L Department of Natural Sciences in Kinanthropology, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacky University Olomouc, Trida Miru 115, 771 11, Olomouc, Czech Republic; Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Science, Palacky University Olomouc, 17. listopadu 12, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
The variability of the centre of pressure (COP) movement is a tool that is often used for stability assessments during standing; however, this variable can provide relevant findings during dynamic conditions, which are more related to fall risks. The aim of this study was to investigate age-related differences in the ...
Mendez Michelle A MA Department of Nutrition, Carolina Population Center, Lineberger Cancer Center, and - - 2014
Recent national surveys suggest that child obesity in the United States may have reached a plateau, but corresponding trends in energy intake have not been examined in depth. This article evaluates medium-term trends in children's reported energy intake by using 4 waves of national dietary surveillance from 2003-2004 to 2009-2010. ...
Li Meng M Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to investigate the influence of patient age on the efficacy of laryngeal reinnervation with ansa cervicalis in unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) patients. We retrospectively reviewed 349 consecutive UVFP cases of laryngeal reinnervation with ansa cervicalis to the recurrent laryngeal nerve anastomosis. Preoperative and ...
Shavelle Robert M RM From the Life Expectancy Project, San Francisco, California (RMS, DRP, LMT, DJS, JCB); and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Alabama at Birmingham - - 2014
Previous research on the life expectancy of persons with American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale Grade D spinal cord injury has considered them as a large homogenous group, making no functional or medical distinctions. This study sought to (1) determine how survival in this group depends on ambulatory function ...
Polychronis Georgios G Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, - - 2014
The occurrence of mutual genetic loci in morphogenesis of the face and teeth implies shape covariation between these structures. However, teeth finalize their shape at an early age, whereas the face grows and is subjected to environmental influences for a prolonged period; it is therefore conceivable that covariation might modulate ...
León-Mejía Grethel G Departamento de Biofísica, Centro de Biotecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil. Electronic address: - - 2014
During coal mining activities, large quantities of coal dust, ashes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and metals are released into the environment. This complex mixture presents one of the most important occupational hazards for health of workers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the genetic damage together with the ...
Baxter Roger R Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland, California; - - 2014
When varicella vaccine was licensed in the United States in 1995, there were concerns that childhood vaccination might increase the number of adolescents susceptible to varicella and shift disease toward older age groups where it can be more severe.METHODS: We conducted a series of 5 cross-sectional studies in 1994 to ...
Jancova-Vseteckova Jitka J Adult Years Division, School of Health Sciences, City University, London, United - - 2014
Aim is to examine the association of objective measures of physical functioning (PF) with education and material circumstances and the decline in PF with age by socioeconomic position (SEP). In 3,205 subjects (60-75 years) from the Czech Republic, we assessed relationship between PF, SEP and age. Linear regression was used ...
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