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Masucci C C Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, The University of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
To assess the effects of a modified alternate rapid maxillary expansion and constriction (Alt-RAMEC) protocol in combination with facemask (FM) in Class III growing patients. Thirty one Class III patients (17 males, 14 females) were treated with a modified Alt-RAMEC/FM protocol at the Department of Orthodontics of the University of ...
Chuang Ching-Cheng CC Biomedical Optical Imaging Lab, Department of Photonics, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan ; Institute of Biomedical Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, - - 2014
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is thought to play an important role in "higher" brain functions such as personality and emotion that may associated with several gender-related mental disorders. In this study, the gender effects of functional connectivity, cortical lateralization and significantly differences in the PFC were investigated by using resting-state ...
Brook Judith S JS Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY - - 2014
This longitudinal study examined the association between trajectories of cigarette smoking and unemployment across a 29-year time period from mean age 14 to mean age 43. Participants came from a community-based random sample of residents in 2 upstate New York counties. Data were collected at 7 timepoints. Using growth mixture ...
Zhang Xinan X Department of Sports Medicine, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, 200438, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to explore the effects of different fitness sports on cognitive function and emotion of the aged people. A total of 150 subjects aged between 60 and 70 were recruited from Shenyang Aged University and elderly activity center. All subjects reported no fitness before this ...
Holstiege Jakob - - 2014
To describe the utilisation of antibiotics in children and adolescents across 5 European countries based on the same drug utilisation measures and age groups. Special attention was given to age-group-specific distributions of antibiotic subgroups, since comparison in this regard between countries is lacking so far. Outpatient pediatric prescriptions of systemic ...
Miloyan Beyon B School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated symptom patterns that might distinguish between individuals with and without a diagnosis of Social Phobia (SP) across the adult lifespan. A sample of 5411 self-reported social worriers was derived from Wave 1 (2001 and 2002) of the U.S. National Epidemiological Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). ...
Yamamoto Nana N From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, - - 2014
Volumetry, measurement of extremity volume, is a commonly used method for upper extremity lymphedema (UEL) evaluation. However, comparison between different patients with different physiques is difficult with volumetry, because body-type difference greatly affects arm volume. Seventy arms of 35 participants who had no history of arm edema or breast cancer ...
Kumar Sachil S Post Graduate Department of Pathology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, UP 202002, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
This is a retrospective study of 1689 consecutive admissions of burn deaths to the mortuary over a period of 5 years. The socio-demographic data was collected using special Performa and interviewing the family members, relatives, neighbours and from police reports. Depending on the presence or absence of intentional intent, cases ...
Kobayashi Hiromitsu - - 2014
The gait of a healthy person is believed to be more regular and symmetrical than those of an individual with a disease. Thus, symmetry and regularity are important indicators of human gait. The effects of age and gender on gait symmetry and regularity were investigated in 87 Japanese participants by ...
Kırım Sinan S Department of Internal Medicine, Numune Education and Research Hospital, Adana, - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the frequency of metabolic syndrome and its components in subjects with β-thalassaemia minor. Subjects and Methods: A total of 194 subjects, i.e. 92 subjects with β-thalassaemia minor (study group) and 102 subjects without β-thalassaemia minor (control group), were enrolled into this case-control study. Haemoglobin electrophoresis was performed ...
de Putter C E CE Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Hand Surgery, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Surgery, Reinier de Graaf Group, Delft, The - - 2014
Young male soccer players have been identified as a target group for injury prevention, but studies addressing trends and determinants of injuries within this group are scarce. The goal of this study was to analyze age-specific trends in hospital-treated upper extremity fractures (UEF) among boys playing soccer in the Netherlands ...
Goto Seiko S Department of Landscape Architecture, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the responses of individuals with advanced dementia to two novel sensory environments in a nursing home facility. The first was a multisensory Snoezelen room; the second was a temporary Japanese garden. Subjects viewed each environment twice a week for 15 minutes during ...
VanderWeele Tyler J TJ From the aDepartments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; and bDepartment of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
We consider several possible interpretations of the "effect of race" when regressions are run with race as an exposure variable, controlling also for various confounding and mediating variables. When adjustment is made for socioeconomic status early in a person's life, we discuss under what contexts the regression coefficients for race ...
Ponce J L JL Centro de Investigación en Reproducción Caprina, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Periférico Raúl López Sánchez y Carretera a Santa Fe, Torreón, Coahuila, - - 2014
The response of male goats exposed to different durations of long days (LD) during an extra-light treatment in autumn-winter, and their ability to induce ovulations in seasonally anovulatory goats were investigated in 2 experiments. In experiment 1, control males were exposed to natural photoperiod (n = 5), whereas 4 additional ...
Bedos M M Centro de Investigación en Reproducción Caprina, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Periférico Raúl López Sánchez y Carretera a Sante Fe, C.P. 27054 Torreón, Coahuila, - - 2014
Two experiments were conducted to (a) determine whether sexually active males are able to stimulate the sexual activity of anestrous female goats when duration of contact is reduced to an intermittent contact shorter than 4 daily hours and (b) compare the pattern of secretion of LH when anestrous goats are ...
Sahin Kaniye K Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Science, Istanbul University, 34118 Vezneciler, Istanbul, - - 2014
Aging is a natural process during which changes at the cellular level increase death risk by developing susceptibility to a variety of diseases. Sirtuins have been shown to regulate lifespan in various organisms by deacetylating a number of important transcription factors. Of the 7 identified mammalian sirtuins (SIRT1-7), SIRT6 depletion ...
Sanggarnjanavanich Seetala S Postgraduate student, Departments of Orthodontics and Translational Research, School of Dental Medicine, Tsurumi University, Yokohama, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to clarify the characteristics of cranial-base morphology in adults with skeletal Class III malocclusion and investigate factors relating to the establishment of a skeletal Class III malocclusion. Initial lateral cephalograms of women were examined. Subjects with an ANB angle of 0° to 4°, normal ...
Sancini A A Department of Anatomy, Histology, Legal Medicine and Orthopedics, Unit of Occupational Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, - - 2014
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are widely present in the air pollution. The urinary hydroxypyrene (1-HOPu) is considered the main biological biomarker currently available to measure the exposure to PAH. It is supposed responsible of an increase of estradiol levels in males. Aim of this study is to verify whether there ...
Yano T T The Counseling Center for the Handicapped in Hokkaido, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan; Department of Cardiovascular, Renal and Metabolic Medicine, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, - - 2014
Here we examined whether intellectual disability is independently associated with hyperglycaemia. We recruited 233 consecutive young and middle-aged adults with intellectual disability. After exclusion of subjects on medication for metabolic diseases or with severe intellectual disability (IQ < 35), 121 subjects were divided by IQ into a group with moderate intellectual disability ...
Sabeti Faran F *PhD †MBBS ‡BSc ARC Centre of Excellence in Vision Science and Centre for Visual Sciences, The John Curtin School of Medical Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia (all authors); and Ophthalmology Department, The Australian National University, Canberra Hospital, Australian Capital Territory, Australia - - 2014
To investigate the potential of multifocal pupillographic objective perimetry to assess changes in retinal function with clinical severity of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Pupil responses were recorded from 40 subjects with AMD and 23 normal control subjects (mean ± SD age, 71.3 ± 5.1 years). Age-related macular degeneration subjects were ...
McLean Gary G Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2014
Multimorbidity occurs at a younger age in individuals in areas of high socioeconomic deprivation but little is known about the 'typology' of multimorbidity in different age groups and its association with socioeconomic status. To characterise multimorbidity type and most common conditions in a large nationally representative primary care dataset in ...
Krol M - - 2014
In research on quality of care, the experiences of children and (pre)adolescents are usually assessed by asking their parents. However, these young patients may have preferences of their own, and their experiences do not necessarily concur with those of their parents. Therefore, our research aimed to give young patients an ...
Wolf Michael - - 2014
Purpose: Maxillary sinus floor augmentation is a treatment that has been proposed for patients in whom the alveolar bone height is insufficient. This procedure is commonly used in patients aged 40 to 70 years and older. However, little information exists whether the factor of age might influence the outcome of ...
Barbot Baptiste B Pace University, New York, NY, USA ; Yale University, New Haven, CT, - - 2014
Estimation of age-group differences and intra-individual change across distinct developmental periods is often challenged by the use of age-appropriate (but non-parallel) measures. We present a short version of the Behavior Assessment System (Reynolds & Kamphaus, 1998), Parent Rating Scales for Children (PRS-C) and Adolescents (PRS-A), which uses only their common-items ...
Płotek Włodzimierz W Department of Teaching Anaesthesiology and Intensive Therapy, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the phonological functioning (reading speed and accuracy) of hospital patients under general anaesthesia administered during colonoscopy. In this study the 'Łatysz' non-word reading test was used to measure the impact of selected anaesthetics on the phonological aspect of language processing (defined as ...
Zhang Yong Y 1 Department of ENT & Head & Neck Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing 210002, China ; 2 The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical School, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Guangzhou 510120, - - 2014
To establish stable, well-accepted nasal perfusion and a normative value of classifying cells in the nasal perfusate of Chinese adults. A total of 500 healthy adults were divided into two groups of 250 people per group (group A, 16-30 years old and group B, 31-60 years old; male-to-female ratio, 1:1). ...
Wysong Ashley A *Department of Dermatology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Redwood City, California; †Department of Dermatology, Mohs/Dermatologic Surgery Division, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, California; ‡Department of Radiology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California; §Department of Dermatology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; ‖Berman Gladstone Skin Institute, Palo Alto, - - 2014
Quantitative data on soft tissue aging of the face are scarce, particularly in men. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to quantify and compare facial soft tissue loss in men. Two thousand thirty-seven MRIs were screened and 30 male subjects were divided into young, middle, and old-aged groups. A blinded ...
Takaoka Hiroyuki - - 2014
Simulium (Simulium) atipornae sp. nov. is described from females, males, pupae, and larvae in Thailand. This new species is characterized in the female by the claw with a small subbasal tooth, ovipositor valve triangular with its inner margin nearly straight; in the male by the style with a short subbasal ...
Denize Erin Stewart ES Department of Orthodontics, St. George's Hospital and King's College London Dental Institute, London, - - 2014
To evaluate the relative importance of bilabial prominence in relation to other facial profile parameters in a normal population. Profile stimulus images of 38 individuals (28 female and 10 male; ages 19-25 years) were shown to an unrelated group of first-year students (n = 42; ages 18-24 years). The images ...
Felga G G Liver Transplantation Unit, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Elderly patients have orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) outcomes comparable to younger individuals. However, it is undefined whether such results are also seen in those with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The primary endpoints of this study were overall survival (OS), retransplantation rate, and disease-free survival (DFS) in OLT recipients with HCC ...
Gao Weina W Institute of Health and Environmental Medicine, Tianjin, 300050, - - 2014
Aging weakened innate and adaptive immunity both quantitatively and qualitatively. Some components in propolis could stimulate immune function in young animals or cultured immune cells in vitro. Few studies had been carried out in the aged. The present study was to evaluate the effects of Brazilian green propolis supplementation on ...
Yu Charles C CC Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, cxy177@case.edu, 2489 Overlook Road, Apt 401, Cleveland Heights, OH 44106, Phone: 314-614-3536, Fax: 216-844-1735 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of South Alabama School of Medicine, drbajwans@gmail.com, 2 Medical Park Dr. #2, Mobile, AL 36693 Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of Medicine, jason.toy@yale.edu, 800 Howard Avenue, New Haven, CT 06510 New Hampshire NeuroSpine Institute, umahn@nhneurospine.com, 4 Hawthorne Drive, Bedford, NH 03110 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, nicholas.ahn@uhhospitals.org, 11100 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH - - 2014
Study Design. An anatomic study of pedicle dimensions was performed for upper thoracic vertebrae from American human subjects.Objective. To quantify the dimensions of the upper thoracic pedicles and to better define the demographic factors that could ultimately govern the caliber selection of pedicle screws.Summary of Background Data. Transpedicular screw fixation ...
Siarampi Eleni E Department of Fixed Prosthesis and Implants Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR 54124, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Dental zirconia restorations should present long-term clinical survival and be in service within the oral environment for many years. However, low temperature degradation could affect their mechanical properties and survival. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of in vitro aging on the flexural strength of yttrium-stabilized ...
Fieo Robert A RA Columbia University, New York, NY, USA University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark - - 2014
Previous methods examining the Multiple Fatigue Inventory-20 (MFI-20) fatigue questionnaire have been limited to classical test theory, for example, factor analytic approaches. We employed modern test theory to further strengthen the construct validity of the MFI-20 fatigue in a sample of healthy late-midlife subjects. Five subdimensions of perceived fatigue were ...
Talaat Hossam Sanyelbhaa HS Audiology Unit, ENT Department, Menoufiya University, Shibin al-Kawm, Egypt, - - 2014
Several studies indicated the association between benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) with osteoporosis and vitamin D deficiency implying that abnormal calcium metabolism may underlie BPPV. The aim of the present study is to confirm the correlation between BPPV and both decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) and vitamin D deficiency. ...
Liu Baoge B Department of Orthopaedic surgery, Beijing TianTan Hospital, Capital Medical University, TianTan Xili No.6, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100050, China, - - 2014
We located the instantaneous center of rotation (ICR) for the cervical spine at various ages and investigated age-related changes. We evaluated the impact of cervical disc degeneration on the ICR using a scoring system based on plain radiographs. Flexion, extension, and neutral lateral radiographs were obtained from 680 asymptomatic subjects ...
Reynolds W Stuart WS Department of Urologic Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee; Center for Surgical Quality and Outcomes Research, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, - - 2014
To document variations and temporal trends in the use of urodynamics (UDS) in female U.S. Medicare beneficiaries. Using a 5% sample of U.S. Medicare utilization records, we identified female beneficiaries who had undergone UDS studies between 2000 and 2010 by the presence of Common Procedural Terminology codes for cystometrogram in ...
Del Brutto Oscar H OH School of Medicine, Universidad Espíritu Santo-Ecuador, Guayaquil, Ecuador; Department of Neurological Sciences, Hospital-Clínica Kennedy, Guayaquil, Ecuador. Electronic address: - - 2014
To estimate the prevalence of Willis-Ekbom disease (WED) in a racially homogeneous population of adults Amerindians living in rural coastal Ecuador, and to assess the reliability of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG) questionnaire when used in population-based studies. Two-phase, door-to-door, population-based survey. During Phase I, rural doctors ...
Pringsheim Tamara T Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder. We sought to synthesize studies on the prevalence of PD to obtain an overall view of how the prevalence of this disease varies by age, by sex, and by geographic location. We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for epidemiological studies of PD from ...
Cheung Rachel Y K RY Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, 30-32 Ngan Shing Street, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate urine cytokine and chemokine levels in symptomatic ketamine abusers compared with age-matched controls. Midstream urine specimens were collected in a prospective study of 23 ketamine abusers and 27 controls who had never used ketamine. Their basic demographic and urinary symptoms were compared. ...
Kristensen Morten Tange MT Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research-Copenhagen (PMR-C), Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Physical Therapy, Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
The new and standardized test protocol for the Constant score (CS) provides new methodology, but different devices are still used for shoulder strength testing. It was hypothesized that strength measurements using the IsoForceControl (IFC) dynamometer (MDS Medical Device Solutions, Oberburg, Switzerland) would provide results comparable with the IDO isometer (Innovative ...
Noreen Faiza F Affiliations of authors: Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland (FN, SW, PU, PS, KT); Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland (MR); Department of Gastroenterology, Medical Center for Postgraduate Education, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center, Warsaw, Poland (PG, JP, JR); FMH Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine, Langenthal, Switzerland - - 2014
Aberrant DNA methylation in gene promoters is associated with aging and cancer, but the circumstances determining methylation change are unknown. We investigated the impact of lifestyle modulators of colorectal cancer (CRC) risk on the stability of gene promoter methylation in the colonic mucosa. We measured genome-wide promoter CpG methylation in ...
Amaro Nuno N Research Centre for Human Movement Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Leiria, Leiria, Portugal. ; Research Centre in Sports Sciences, Health and Human Development, Covilhã, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to examine the reliability of tethered swimming in the evaluation of age group swimmers. The sample was composed of 8 male national level swimmers with at least 4 years of experience in competitive swimming. Each swimmer performed two 30 second maximal intensity tethered ...
Loturco Irineu I NAR - Nucleus of High Performance in Sport, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. ; Pablo de Olavide University, Faculty of Sport, Seville, Spain. ; School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of two different strength-power training models on sprint performance. Forty-eight soldiers of the Brazilian brigade of special operations with at least one year of army training experience were divided into a control group (CG: n = 15, age: 20.2 ± ...
Nye Kevin S KS Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
Objective Umbilical cord tissue is naturally available after birth and may provide insight into the health of a newborn. Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is a common complication of prematurity that is suspected to be associated with structural deficiency of the vasculature. We are interested in determining whether umbilical vessel properties could be ...
Luyten Anke A Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Aims: The purpose of this study was to describe articulation and resonance characteristics of Ugandan English-speaking children with cleft lip and palate (CLP) after synchronous lip and palatal closure (Sommerlad technique) prior to the age of 6 months in comparison with an age- and gender-matched control group. Methods: Eleven Ugandan ...
Kavana Theethira S TS Biopsychology Laboratory, University of Mysore, Mysore, - - 2014
Male takeover and infanticide are a widespread phenomenon among non-human primates, observed mostly in species with a relatively longer lactation in relation to gestation. In this study, we report for the first time an episode of male takeover and infanticide, and the rarely reported occurrence of an all-male band and ...
Bates T T The Breast Unit, William Harvey Hospital, Ashford, Kent TN24 0LZ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Older women are less likely to have surgery for operable breast cancer. This population-based study examines operation rates by age and identifies groups which present with early or late disease. 37 000 cancer registrations for 2007 were combined with Hospital Episode Statistics comorbidity data for England. Operation rates were examined by ...
Kasagi Yuta Y Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
This study clarifies age differences in clinicopathologic characteristics and risk factor exposure of patients who have undergone esophagectomy for esophageal cancer (EC). Clinical results of esophagectomy were compared between 22 patients younger than 50 years of age (Group I) and 327 patients older than 50 years of age (Group II) with esophageal ...
Wirz Markus M Balgrist University Hospital, Spinal Cord Injury Center, Zurich, Switzerland, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Health Departement, Institute of Physiotherapy, Winterthur, Switzerland ; - - 2014
This retrospective study was designed to examine the influence of age on the outcome of motor function and activities of daily living (ADLs) in patients with a cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). The study is based on the data registry of the EMSCI study group. Initial upper extremity motor score ...
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