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Acurio Jesenia J Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Vascular Physiology Laboratory, Group of Investigation in Tumor Angiogenesis (GIANT), Group of Research and Innovation in Vascular Health (GRIVAS Health), University of Bío-Bío, Chillán, Chile; School of Phonoaudiology, Universidad Pedro de Valdivia, Chillan, - - 2014
Either obesity or vocal loading task leads to elevation of proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 6 (IL-6). However, it is unknown whether vocal parameters after vocal loading are correlated with body mass index (BMI) or IL-6. We hypothesize that vocal loading induces an elevation of acoustic parameters of voice and ...
Duci Shkelzen B SB University Clinical Center of Kosovo, Department of Plastic Surgery, Pristina, Kosovo. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and cause of burns in children of our population. This was a retrospective study that included 399 patients with burns, younger than 15 years old who were admitted to the Department of Plastic Surgery, University Clinical Center of Kosovo, between ...
Ozen A E AE Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Near East University, Mersin, - - 2014
Fluid intake, especially water, is essential for human life and also necessary for physical and mental function. The present study aimed to assess beverage consumption across age groups. A systematic review was conducted. Original research in English language publications and available studies (or abstracts in English) from 2000 to 2013 ...
Li Yawen Y San Diego State University, CA, USA - - 2014
There is a limited research and understanding regarding the physical activity (PA) of older Asian Americans. This study examined the associations between neighborhood factors and walking among older Asian Americans. Drawing from the 2003 California Health Interview Survey, our sample included 1,045 older adults aged 55 and above representing five ...
Silva Franciane F FF Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), Vitória, ES, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
leukemias comprise the most common group of cancers in children and adolescents. Studies conducted in other countries and Brazil have observed a decrease in their mortality.This study aimed to evaluate the trend of mortality from leukemia in children under 19 years of age in Brazil, from 1980 to 2010. this ...
Altaf Sadaf S Departments of *Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine †Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester MN ‡Preventive and Societal Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE §Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA ∥Division of Pediatric Surgery, East Carolina University, Greenville, - - 2014
On the Fourth Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma study, older children experienced excessive neurotoxicity, whereas younger children had increased myelosuppression. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the same pattern of toxicity was seen on the successor study when use of growth factor was required and dosing of chemotherapy was different ...
Wong Martin Cs MC 1. School of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong, HKSAR, China (postal code: - - 2014
Hypertension is one of the most important public health issues worldwide. We assessed the prevalence rates of self reported hypertension in Hong Kong between 2001 to 2008 and evaluated factors associated with its prevalence. serial cross-sectional surveys. Territory-wide Household surveys in the Hong Kong population in the years 2001, 2002, ...
Sung Paul S PS Department of Physical Therapy, Panuska College of Professional Studies, The University of Scranton, 800 Linden St, Scranton, PA 18510, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to compare the kinematics of the shoulder and pelvis based on range of motion (ROM), angular velocity, and relative phase (RP) values during trunk axial rotation. Nineteen subjects with recurrent low back pain (LBP) and 19 age-matched control subjects who are all right limb ...
Uyanik Mehmet Sevki MS Department of Hematology, Trakya University Medical Faculty, - - 2014
Gouty arthritis (GA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis in which both clinical and subclinical atherosclerosis are more frequent. The dynamic equilibrium between coagulation and fibrinolysis is impaired in inflammatory diseases. We determined TFPI and TAFI antigen levels in GA patients and evaluated their association with subclinical atherosclerosis. We included 45 ...
Kočovská Eva E Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Centre, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Kungsgatan 12, 411 19, Göteborg, Sweden, - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency has been proposed as a possible risk factor for developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD). 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) levels were examined in a cross-sectional population-based study in the Faroe Islands. The case group consisting of a total population cohort of 40 individuals with ASD (aged 15-24 years) had significantly ...
Guerdoux Estelle E Laboratory Epsylon, EA 4556 Dynamics of Human Abilities & Health Behaviors, University of Montpellier, 4 Boulevard Henri IV, 34000, Montpellier, France, - - 2014
This study aimed to examine the age-related differences in the olfactory-visual cross-correspondences and the extent to which they are moderated by the odors pleasantness. Sixty participants aged from 20- to 75- years (young, middle-aged and older adults) performed a priming task to explore the influence of six olfactory primes (lemon, ...
Smittkamp Susan S Department of Molecular & Integrative Physiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Blvd., Mailstop 3051, Kansas City, KS, 66160, - - 2014
Orolingual motor deficits, such as dysarthria and dysphagia, contribute to increased morbidity and mortality in the elderly. In preclinical studies, we and others have reported age-related decreases in tongue motility in both F344 and F344/BN rats. The fact that these deficits are associated with nigrostriatal dopamine (DA), tissue measures suggest ...
Rantalainen Timo T Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland, - - 2014
High impact loading is known to prevent some of the age-related bone loss but its effects on the density distribution of cortical bone are relatively unknown. This study examined the effects of age and habitual sprinting on tibial and fibular mid-shaft bone traits (structural, cortical radial and polar bone mineral ...
Tuna Mazhar Müslüm MM Endocrinology and Metabolism Division, Medical Faculty, Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey, - - 2014
Adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) have been associated with an increased incidence of several cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of this study was to investigate plasma adiponectin, leptin, resistin, homocysteine, high sensitive C-reactive protein levels, and carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) in patients with non-functioning AI (NFAI). This study included data from ...
Koppenol-Gonzalez Gabriela V GV Department of Methodology and Statistics, Tilburg University, NL-5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
In studies on the development of cognitive processes, children are often grouped based on their ages before analyzing the data. After the analysis, the differences between age groups are interpreted as developmental differences. We argue that this approach is problematic because the variance in cognitive performance within an age group ...
Salah Muhja M Department of Orthodontics, University of Khartoum, - - 2014
Ethnic differences in craniofacial dimensions and proportional relationships means that ethnicity-specific data is required for both diagnosis and treatment planning. This investigation establishes normative craniofacial anthropometric values for the Sudanese female (SF) population, compares with North American White (NAW) and African-American females (AA), and analyses the occurrence of neoclassical norms ...
Kang Hwayeong H a Department of Human and Systems Engineering , Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology , Ulsan , - - 2014
A laboratory study was conducted to determine how users of different handedness interact with desktop touchscreen displays and how the hand usage pattern influences their body discomfort development. Twenty-one participants in three different handedness groups conducted simple web-browsing for 30 minutes using a 23″ touchscreen display while their subjective body ...
Sylvain-Roy Stéphanie S a Centre de Recherche de l'Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie de Montréal , Montreal , Quebec , - - 2014
This study aimed at characterizing the individual variability in three attentional control functions (shifting, inhibition, and updating), among 75 older and 75 younger adults. It also examined the intellectual and health variables associated with different cognitive profiles. Cluster analyses identified three separate attentional control profiles for both age groups, but ...
Wysong Ashley A *Department of Dermatology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Redwood City, California; †Department of Dermatology, Mohs/Dermatologic Surgery Division, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, California; ‡Department of Radiology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California; §Department of Dermatology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas; ‖Berman Gladstone Skin Institute, Palo Alto, - - 2014
Quantitative data on soft tissue aging of the face are scarce, particularly in men. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to quantify and compare facial soft tissue loss in men. Two thousand thirty-seven MRIs were screened and 30 male subjects were divided into young, middle, and old-aged groups. A blinded ...
Pereira Leticia Cristina Radin LC Graduate Program in Nutrition, Federal University of Santa Catarina, - - 2014
Recurrent infections and activation of the inflammatory response affect the prognosis of Cystic Fibrosis (CF). We investigated the relationship between inflammatory response, infection, and pulmonary function in CF. A clinical-cross-sectional study was conducted with 86 subjects: Control Group (CG, n=31, the same age and sex of the CFG), and CF ...
Perri A F AF Laboratorio de Regulación Hipofisaria, Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental, Vuelta de Obligado 2490, 1428, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina; Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, 3080, Esperanza, Santa Fe, - - 2014
Mammary ductal morphogenesis during prepuberty occurs mainly in response to insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and estradiol stimulation. Dairy heifers infected with gastrointestinal nematodes have reduced IGF-1 levels, accompanied by reduced growth rate, delayed puberty onset, and lower parenchyma-stroma relationship in their mammary glands. Immunohistochemical studies were undertaken to determine variations ...
Szewczyk-Krolikowski Konrad K From the Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences (K.S.-K., M.R., M.H.), Oxford Parkinson's Disease Centre (OPDC) (K.S.-K., R.A.L.M., M.R., M.T.M.H., C.E.M.), Department of Psychiatry (C.E.M.), and FMRIB Centre (R.A.L.M., E.D., G.S.-K., N.F., G.Z., C.E.M.), University of Oxford, - - 2014
To examine functional connectivity within the basal ganglia network (BGN) in a group of cognitively normal patients with early Parkinson disease (PD) on and off medication compared to age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HC), and to validate the findings in a separate cohort of participants with PD.METHODS: Participants were scanned ...
Mendez Michelle A MA Department of Nutrition Carolina Population Center Lineberger Cancer Center, and - - 2014
Recent national surveys suggest that child obesity in the United States may have reached a plateau, but corresponding trends in energy intake have not been examined in depth. This article evaluates medium-term trends in children's reported energy intake by using 4 waves of national dietary surveillance from 2003-2004 to 2009-2010. ...
Esteban-Cornejo Irene I Department of Physical Education, Sports, and Human Movement, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
To examine the independent and combined associations of the components of physical fitness with academic performance among youths. This cross-sectional study included a total of 2038 youths (989 girls) aged 6-18 years. Cardiorespiratory capacity was measured using the 20-m shuttle run test. Motor ability was assessed with the 4 × 10-m shuttle run ...
Cheng Yuan-Yang YY Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan; Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, - - 2014
Sit-to-stand (STS) movements are essential for daily activities. Failure to perform STS movements efficiently and smoothly may lead to falls. In this study, we developed a forceplate to analyze vertical ground reaction force (VGRF), STS duration and generated muscle power to investigate which parameters were fall status predictors. A total ...
Bizovska Lucia L Department of Natural Sciences in Kinanthropology, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacky University Olomouc, Trida Miru 115, 771 11, Olomouc, Czech Republic; Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Science, Palacky University Olomouc, 17. listopadu 12, 771 46 Olomouc, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
The variability of the centre of pressure (COP) movement is a tool that is often used for stability assessments during standing; however, this variable can provide relevant findings during dynamic conditions, which are more related to fall risks. The aim of this study was to investigate age-related differences in the ...
Li Meng M Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, - - 2014
The objective of the study was to investigate the influence of patient age on the efficacy of laryngeal reinnervation with ansa cervicalis in unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) patients. We retrospectively reviewed 349 consecutive UVFP cases of laryngeal reinnervation with ansa cervicalis to the recurrent laryngeal nerve anastomosis. Preoperative and ...
Shavelle Robert M RM From the Life Expectancy Project, San Francisco, California (RMS, DRP, LMT, DJS, JCB); and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Alabama at Birmingham - - 2014
Previous research on the life expectancy of persons with American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale Grade D spinal cord injury has considered them as a large homogenous group, making no functional or medical distinctions. This study sought to (1) determine how survival in this group depends on ambulatory function ...
Polychronis Georgios G Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, - - 2014
The occurrence of mutual genetic loci in morphogenesis of the face and teeth implies shape covariation between these structures. However, teeth finalize their shape at an early age, whereas the face grows and is subjected to environmental influences for a prolonged period; it is therefore conceivable that covariation might modulate ...
León-Mejía Grethel G Departamento de Biofísica, Centro de Biotecnologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil. Electronic address: - - 2014
During coal mining activities, large quantities of coal dust, ashes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and metals are released into the environment. This complex mixture presents one of the most important occupational hazards for health of workers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the genetic damage together with the ...
Baxter Roger R Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center, Oakland, California; - - 2014
When varicella vaccine was licensed in the United States in 1995, there were concerns that childhood vaccination might increase the number of adolescents susceptible to varicella and shift disease toward older age groups where it can be more severe.METHODS: We conducted a series of 5 cross-sectional studies in 1994 to ...
Jancova-Vseteckova Jitka J Adult Years Division, School of Health Sciences, City University, London, United - - 2014
Aim is to examine the association of objective measures of physical functioning (PF) with education and material circumstances and the decline in PF with age by socioeconomic position (SEP). In 3,205 subjects (60-75 years) from the Czech Republic, we assessed relationship between PF, SEP and age. Linear regression was used ...
McNamara Renae J RJ Clinical and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Department of Physiotherapy, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
The prevalence of physical comorbidities such as obesity, musculoskeletal or neurological conditions in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is high, yet little is known about the impact of these physical comorbidities on physical activity. The primary aim of the study was to compare the physical activity levels of ...
Jairam Pushpa M PM Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
To establish age and gender specific reference values for incidental coronary artery and thoracic aorta calcification scores on routine diagnostic CT scans. These reference values can aid in structured reporting and interpretation of readily available imaging data by chest CT readers in routine practice. A random sample of 1572 (57% ...
Shanee Sam S Neotropical Primate Conservation, 23 Portland Road, Stretford, Greater Manchester, M32 0PH, UK, - - 2014
Inter-individual spacing of primates and their use of forest strata depend on temporal and spatial changes in the environment and on predator avoidance, group demography, and social conditions. Greater proximity also increases the chances of agonistic and affinitive contact between individuals. I collected behavioral data for three groups of yellow-tailed ...
Falkensammer Frank F Department of Orthodontics, Bernhard Gottlieb University Clinic of Dentistry, Medical University of Vienna, Sensengasse 2a, 1090, Vienna, Austria, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of education on the perception of various male and female Caucasian profiles with respect to attractiveness and treatment need. Four hundred questionnaires were distributed among six groups of raters (nonacademic laymen, academic laymen, preclinical students, clinical students, orthodontists, and maxillofacial ...
Weber Kerstin K a Division of Liaison Psychiatry and Crisis Intervention , University Hospitals of Geneva and Faculty of Medicine of the University of Geneva , Geneva , - - 2014
Objectives: Beyond its well-documented association with depressive symptoms across the lifespan, at an individual level, quality of life may be determined by multiple factors: psychosocial characteristics, current physical health and long-term personality traits. Method: Quality of life was assessed in two distinct community-based age groups (89 young adults aged 36.2 ...
Liu Bo - - 2014
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of tooth wear in the aging population of northwest China and to investigate the factors associated with such tooth wear. Cross-sectional analytic clinical and questionnaire study was performed in 704 participants who had a mean age of 46.5 +/- 0.2 ...
Cooper Anthony A Department of Orthopedics, University of British Columbia, Faculty of Medicine, BC Children's Hospital, 1D 63, A203-4480 Oak Street, Vancouver, BC V6H 3V4, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
The unilateral unaffected clubfoot has previously been used as a control in longitudinal studies of clubfoot outcomes. However, we have observed that the unaffected clubfoot does not necessarily exhibit the same pedobarographic measurements as seen in normal control subjects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the unaffected ...
Vercellotti Giuseppe G Department of Anthropology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
Adult stature variation is commonly attributed to differential stress-levels during development. However, due to selective mortality and heterogeneous frailty, a population's tall stature may be more indicative of high selective pressures than of positive life conditions. This article examines stature in a biocultural context and draws parallels between bioarchaeological and ...
Sinha P P Department of Anatomy,Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical - - 2014
Background: Head and face dimensions vary according to race and geographical zone. Hereditary factors also greatly affect the size and shape of the head. There are important medical applications of craniofacial data specific to different racial and ethnic groups. Methods: Various cranial and facial anthropometric parameters were assessed in singleton, ...
Lawrence Jean M JM Department of Research & Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena CA - - 2014
The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study prospectively identified youth less than 20 years with physician-diagnosed diabetes. Annual type 1 diabetes (T1D) incidence rate and 95 percent CI, overall, by age group and by sex, were calculated per 100,000 person-years at risk for 2002 through 2009 for non-Hispanic white (NHW) ...
Pieters Maria M Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to identify intra-farm risk factors that affected the colonization with Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae at weaning age. Three farrow-to-wean farms were visited at least 5 times each. An average of 54 piglets were sampled at each visit and assayed by means of real-time PCR in nasal ...
Soeters Nienke - - 2014
To compare the effect of corneal cross-linking (CXL) for keratoconus in various age groups and to investigate the influence of the topographic cone location on the outcome of CXL. This cohort study included 95 patients (119 eyes) diagnosed as having progressive keratoconus who underwent epithelium-off standard protocol CXL from January ...
Chávez-Almazán Luis A LA State Laboratory of Public Health, Health Department of Guerrero, Blvd. Vicente Guerrero Esq. J.R. Escudero, Col. Cd. Renacimiento, C.P. 39715, Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico, - - 2014
In Mexico, organochlorine pesticides were used in public health and agriculture programs, causing chronic exposure to the population. Human breast milk samples were collected from 171 mothers who were residents from Guerrero, Mexico. Analysis was carried out by gas chromatography. Median concentrations (mg/kg on fat basis) for the following pesticides ...
Kim Sanghyun S Department of Microbiology, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Hyoja 2-Dong, Chuncheon, Kangwon-Do, 200-701, South Korea, - - 2014
To investigate the prevalence of human bocavirus (HBoV) among people without gastroenteritis symptoms in South Korea between 2008 and 2010, an epidemiological study was performed on fecal samples of 320 people aged 2 months to 91 years. The prevalence of HBoV-1 was 12.5 % (40/320) of the study population by PCR. Co-infection with ...
Hendryx Michael M Department of Applied Health Science, School of Public Health, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study analyzed Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) discharges in association with covariate-adjusted total and cardiovascular mortality rates for males and females in US counties. Average annual county-level reported releases from TRI facilities measured in pounds per square mile which were calculated for the years1990-1999, and tested for associations with age-adjusted ...
Simić-Krstić Jovana B JB University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Biomedical Engineering, KraljiceMarije 16, 11120 Belgrade, - - 2014
A non-invasive bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) and Cole-Cole impedance model parameters (R0, R∞, τ and α) were used to analyze electrical properties of intact and stripped human skin for both gender subjects divided into younger and older age groups. R0, R∞ and τ significantly increased while α significantly decreased with age ...
Fischer D D Clinic for Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians, and Fish, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many psittacine species are threatened in the wild and also rare in captivity. Therefore, successful conservation and breeding programs are important to save these species. Unfortunately, clutches in conservation programs are frequently infertile. Semen evaluation is beneficial to investigate the causes of infertility and is advisable before artificial insemination (AI). ...
Flynn Traci T *Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Division of Audiology, the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg; †Department of Audiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg; and ‡Division of Speech and Language Pathology, Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, - - 2014
To define the age when the higher prevalence of abnormal middle ear dissipates in individuals with cleft lip and palate and to investigate how this may affect hearing sensitivity over time. Retrospective and prospective cohort study. University hospital. Three groups of individuals with unilateral cleft lip and palate from the ...
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