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Pearce Alan John AJ Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia ; - - 2014
This study investigated corticomotor excitability and inhibition, cognitive functioning and fine motor dexterity in retired elite and amateur Australian football (AF) players, who had sustained concussions during their playing careers. Forty male AF players who played at the elite level (n=20; mean age 49.7 ± 5.7 years) or amateur level ...
Robertson Janet - - 2014
People with intellectual disability have significantly higher age-adjusted rates of mortality and morbidity (including obesity) than their non-disabled peers. They are also significantly less likely to be physically active. Secondary analysis of de-identified cross-sectional data from the first two waves of Understanding Society, a new longitudinal study focusing on the ...
Orishimo Karl F KF Nicholas Institute of Sports Medicine and Athletic Trauma, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, New York, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:The incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries among dancers is much lower than among team sport athletes, and no clear disparity between sexes has been reported in the dance population. Although numerous studies have observed differences in landing biomechanics of the lower extremity between male and female team sport ...
Lin Jean-Pierre JP Complex Motor Disorders Service, Evelina London Children's Hospital, Guy's & St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, , London, - - 2014
The impact of dystonia in childhood is poorly understood. We report our experience of referrals between 2005 and 2012. Of 294/315 assessable children, 15/294 had pure spasticity, leaving 279/294 with dystonia classified as primary (30/279: 10.7%); primary-plus (19/279: 6.8%) and secondary (230/279: 82.4%) dystonia, including heredodegenerative dystonia (29/279: 10.3%); 150/279 (53.7%) with cerebral palsy ...
Camilon P Ryan PR Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, - - 2014
Objective: To determine if elderly patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) are receiving less treatment and to evaluate the benefit of aggressive therapy in this population. Study Design: Retrospective analysis of a large population database Methods: Patients in the SEER database with OPSCC diagnosed from 2004 to 2009 were ...
Patil Yashwant Pandharinath YP 1J.D.M.V.P. Cooperative Samaj's Arts, Commerce and Science College, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate zonal and state-wise prevalence and risk factors of undernutrition among Indian men in the age-group of 15 to 54 years based on sampled data of 74,369 respondents from the National Family Health Survey-3. A common anthropometric measure, body mass index, is used ...
Kar Taner T Department of Ophthalmology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Uskudar - - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the effect of chronic cigarette smoking on lens density by Pentacam HR lens densitometry in young adults.Methods: Sixty chronic smokers who smoked at least 10 cigarettes per day for at least 2 years and 60 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects were included in this prospective cross-sectional, ...
Han Benjamin H BH Division of Geriatric Medicine and Palliative Care, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, BCD612, New York, NY, 10016, USA, - - 2014
Falls are common events that threaten the independence and health of older adults. Studies have found a wide range of fall statistics in different ethnic and racial groups throughout the world. These studies suggest that fall rates may differ between different racial and ethnic groups. Studies also suggest that the ...
Funaki Yukiha Y Orthodontic Science, Department of Orofacial Development and Function, Division of Oral Health Science, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8549, - - 2014
Nasal obstruction during growth changes craniofacial morphology and function. However, the etiological mechanisms of these changes are unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of nasal obstruction during growth on the maturation of the jaw-opening reflex (JOR) using an electrophysiological technique. We focused on the ...
Zimmer Zachary Z Correspondence should be addressed to Zachary Zimmer, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California San Francisco, Laurel Heights Campus, Box 0612, San Francisco, CA 94143-0612. E-mail: - - 2014
Objectives. Identify common trajectories of physical functional limitation and mortality among Taiwanese 50 and older as they age, link these to underlying transitions in onset, recovery, and mortality, and assess associations between trajectories and a set of risk factors. Method. Longitudinal data from 4 waves of the Survey of Health ...
Bauer Corinna M CM Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Boston University School of Medicine, 700 Albany St W701, Boston, MA, 02118, USA, - - 2014
The contrast between gray and white matter in MRI is critical for accurately measuring cortical thickness. The gray/white matter intensity ratio (GWIR) has been proposed to be an important adjustment factor for cortical thickness measures in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This study examined the GWIR and ...
Stewart Tanya Charyk TC From the Trauma Program (T.C.S.), London Health Science Centre; Departments of Surgery (T.C.S.) Geography (J.G.), Pediatrics (J.G., D.D.F.), and Physiology and Pharmacology (D.D.F.), and School of Health Studies (J.G.), The University of Western Ontario; Children's Health Research Institute (J.G., D.D.F.); and Centre for Critical Illness Research (D.D.F.), London, Ontario, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of concussions presenting to the emergency department (ED). A retrospective cohort of concussions for pediatric (age < 18 years) patients treated in the ED of a regional pediatric Level 1 trauma center from 2006 to 2011 was examined. Descriptive and ...
Shiraj Sahar S 1 Department of Radiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave, Cincinnati, OH - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the T2 spatial variation of patellar cartilage is different between children and young adults with open and closed physes. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Fifty-two subjects in two age ranges were included; 13 girls and 13 boys from 5 to 11 years ...
Strauss S S * Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, University of Pretoria , South - - 2014
Abstract Objective and design: This retrospective cohort study aimed to describe the differential effect of noise exposure and age-related hearing loss in a large sample of gold miners in South Africa. Study sample: Audiological data of 40 123 South African mine workers were investigated. Data of a non-noise-exposed control group ...
Swinkels Raymond A H M RA *Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Zuyd University of Applied Sciences, Heerlen, the Netherlands †Zuyd University of Applied Sciences, Centre of Research Autonomy and Participation for People with Chronic Illnesses, Heerlen, the Netherlands and ‡Centre for Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Geldrop, the - - 2014
Cohort study. To generate normal values for active range of motion (ACROM) of the cervical spine in asymptomatic persons. There is a lack of normal values for ACROM based on large groups and stratified for different age categories. Four hundred asymptomatic persons were included, 100 for each decade of age ...
Meyer Anna H AH Private practice, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
This study was designed to assess the influence that the buccal corridor might have on the frontal facial attractiveness of subjects who had received orthodontic treatment with or without 4 premolar extractions. Posttreatment full-face frontal smiling photographs of 30 premolar extraction and 27 nonextraction patients were evaluated by 20 orthodontists, ...
Caperell Kerry K From the *Department of Pediatrics, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY; and †University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Headache is a common pediatric complaint. Our experience indicated that there was a seasonal variation in children seeking emergency department (ED) care for headache. We hypothesized that visits to the ED would be more common during the school year compared with that during the summer months. Electronic medical record data ...
Middleton Paul Macconachie PM Discipline of Emergency Medicine, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, 2006, - - 2014
Since their emergence from the operating theatre over a decade ago, supra-glottic airways (SGA) have become increasingly common in the management of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOHCA) with laryngeal masks (LM) the most common SGA. The proliferation of LMs in the prehospital setting has occurred despite lower than expected rates of ...
Besenyi Gina M GM Department of Health Promotion, Education and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to explore the spatial relationship between park availability and chronic health conditions (CHCs) across age groups in Kansas City, MO. Multinomial logistic regression examined the association between having a park within one-half mile from home and the likelihood of having 0, 1, or 2 ...
Sasi Sharath P SP CardioVascular Research Center, GeneSys Research Institute, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Background: During the future exploration-type space missions, astronauts will be exposed to ionizing radiation (IR) for more than 1-2 years. The effect of cosmic IR during and after space flights on the cardiovascular (CV) system is unknown. Therefore, it is important to evaluate space IR effects on the CV system ...
Fraser Lorna L Dept of Health Sciences, University of York, York, - - 2014
The numbers of children and young people with Life-Limiting Conditions (LLC) are rising due in part to increased survival. Therefore the teenagers and young adults with LLC require transition to appropriate adult services but the models of care for these services need to be aware of the diagnostic and demographic ...
Alba Marco A MA From Department of Autoimmune Diseases (MAA, GE) and Department of Epidemiology Medicine (CV), Hospital Clínic, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer, Barcelona, Catalonia; Department of Internal Medicine (CPS, VF), Hospital Vall d´Hebron, Barcelona; Department of Internal Medicine (LT), Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Asturias; Department of Internal Medicine (MVE), Hospital de Cruces, Barakaldo, Vizcaya; Department of Internal Medicine (LS), Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza; Department of Collagenosis and Pulmonary Hypertension (MJC), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocio, Sevilla; Department of Internal Medicine (JLC), Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada; Department of Internal Medicine (MTC), Hospital Regional Universitario Carlos Haya, Málaga; Department of Internal Medicine (CT), Corporacíon Sanitaria Universitaria Parc Taulí, Sabadell, Barcelona; Department of Internal Medicine (JJR), Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid; Department of Internal Medicine (MF), Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Vigo, Vigo, Pontevedra; Department of Internal Medicine (JAV), Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, - - 2014
Peak age at onset of systemic sclerosis (SSc) is between 20 and 50 years, although SSc is also described in both young and elderly patients. We conducted the present study to determine if age at disease onset modulates the clinical characteristics and outcome of SSc patients. The Spanish Scleroderma Study ...
Guedes Maryse M Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, - - 2014
Recent studies have reported that primiparous women of advanced maternal age (AMA) appear to constitute a heterogeneous group, emphasizing the need to revise stereotyped views. The aims of this study were the following: 1) to describe the sociodemographic and marital characteristics of Portuguese couples who experienced first childbirth at advanced ...
Li Wei W Department of Immunology and Pathogenic Biology, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Yanta West Road No. 76, 710061 Xi'an, - - 2014
To determine whether the composition and structure of skin microbiota differ with age, cutaneous bacteria were isolated from the axillary fossa of 37 healthy human adults in two age groups (old people and young adults). Bacterial genomic DNA was extracted and characterized by nested PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) with ...
Krampe Ralf T RT Department of Psychology, University of - - 2014
To determine potential benefits of intensive leisure sports for age-related changes in postural control, we tested 3 activity groups comprising 70 young (M = 21.67 years, SD = 2.80) and 73 older (M = 62.60 years, SD = 5.19) men. Activity groups were martial artists, who held at least 1st ...
Pagán-Collazo Grace J - - 2014
To estimate the prevalence of hypodontia in a group of 10- to 14-year-olds from a group of orthodontic clinics in Puerto Rico. A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of hypodontia in 10- to 14-year-olds from orthodontic clinics located in each of 9 regions (as determined by the ...
Salomão Roberta R University of São Paulo (USP-RP), Ribeirão Preto, - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease (CVD), specifically from atherosclerosis, is one of major cause of morbidity and mortality in SLE. Given their lifelong exposure to atherogenic risk factors, children and adolescents with SLE are at particularly high risk of developing premature atherosclerosis and are therefore ideal candidates for primary prevention. Nutritional and metabolic ...
Birch Rebecca J RJ Cancer Epidemiology Group, University of Leeds , Leeds, United Kingdom - - 2014
Purpose: Little is known about the factors that influence the place of inpatient care for teenage and young adult (TYA) cancer patients. Recent guidelines have recommended centralization of care for this group to a small number of specialized centers. This study aimed to investigate the influence of geography and travel ...
Geijer Justin R - - 2014
Abstract Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) or Down syndrome (DS) may be at greater risk of osteoporosis. The purpose of this study was to compare bone mineral density (BMD) of DS, ID, and non-intellectually disabled (NID) populations. In each group, 33 participants between the ages of 28 and 60 years were ...
Barriuso-Lapresa Laura M LM Consejería de Sanidad y Política Social. Región de - - 2014
Introduction: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is one of the most frequently used screening test for children and adolescents mental health (MH). In 2006, the Spanish National Health Survey included the child&#8217;s MH section through the SDQ version for parents. Objective: To obtain reference values of the SDQparents Spanish ...
Takaoka Hiroyuki - - 2014
Simulium (Gomphostilbia) piroonae sp. nov. is described on the basis of females, males, pupae, and mature larvae collected in Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand. This new species is placed in the chumpornense subgroup of the varicorne species-group in the subgenus Gomphostilbia by having the antenna with eight flagellomeres, the pleural ...
Abe Yota Y Graduate School of Health Sciences, Gunma University, Japan ; Department of Rehabilitation, Gunma University Hospital, - - 2014
[Purpose] This study aimed to validate the postural control characteristics of individuals with a history of ankle sprain during single leg standing by using a gravicorder and head and foot accelerometry. [Subjects] Twenty subjects with and 23 subjects without a history of ankle sprain (sprain and control groups, respectively) participated. ...
Waldron Mark M a Exercise and Sports Sciences , University of New England, Armidale , - - 2014
Abstract This study compared technical actions, movements, heart rates and perceptual responses of selected and unselected youth rugby league players during matches (under-15 to under-17 age groups). The players' movements and heart rates were assessed using 5 Hz Global Positioning Systems (GPSs), while their technical actions were analysed using video analysis. ...
Fader Lauren M LM University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
The capitellar ossification center is used routinely to evaluate elbow alignment on radiography. However, whether capitellar ossification is central and concentric to support this practice is unknown. To define the pattern of capitellar ossification at different ages of childhood. This HIPAA-compliant study was IRB approved. MR imaging examinations from 81 ...
Van Borsel John J Logopaedic and Audiological Sciences, Gent University, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
The present study examined the popular stereotype that gay men lisp by evaluating to what extent listeners associated dental or frontal articulation/lisping with gayness. Fifteen heterosexual males and 15 heterosexual females listened to 275 samples of read speech and judged the sexual orientation of the speakers. A total of 175 ...
Blanchard Ray R Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, 250 College St., Toronto, ON, M5T 1R8, Canada, - - 2014
The term "fraternal birth order effect" denotes a statistical relation most commonly expressed in one of two ways: Older brothers increase the odds of homosexuality in later born males or, alternatively, homosexual men tend to have more older brothers than do heterosexual men. The demonstrability of this effect depends partly ...
Choi Namkee G NG The University of Texas at Austin, - - 2014
Guided by the social comparison theory, we examined correlates of the discrepancy between chronological and felt ages in three age groups of community-dwelling older adults: 65 to 69, 70 to 79, and 80 and older. Data from the National Health and Aging Trends Study and linear regression models were used ...
Hougaard Karin Sørig - - 2014
Cryptorchidism (undescended testes) is associated with poor male fertility, but can be alleviated and fertility preserved to some degree by early detection and treatment. Here we assess the influence of socio-occupational class, geographical region, maternal age and birth cohort on time to detection and correction of cryptorchidism. All boys born ...
Gatterer H H Department of Sport Science, University Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria, - - 2014
Hiking is one of the most popular activities among the elderly in Alpine regions. Due to the long-lasting, moderately intensive nature of this form of physical activity, hiking is generally considered to be beneficial to health. However, it is currently unclear whether once-weekly hiking-as commonly practiced at weekends-really does yield ...
A G Gouveia Luiza L School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, Avenida Dr. Arnaldo, 715, Zip code: 01246-904 São Paulo, S.P. Brazil(1). Electronic address: - - 2014
The positive association between WC and systemic arterial hypertension (SAH), diabetes mellitus (DM) and HD calls for investigation in the elderly. The objective of the present study was to identify WC values, so as better to determine the risk of these diseases. This was a longitudinal study using the data ...
Varady E E Department of Radiology, University of Pécs, Pécs, - - 2014
The aim of our article is to report normal values of β stiffness parameter and pulse wave velocity (PWV) determined via radio frequency echo-tracking technique first in different age groups of a healthy Central European population in both gender. Values of PWV and β stiffness parameters increase normally during aging ...
Bahat Gulistan G Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Geriatrics, Istanbul Medical School, Istanbul University , Capa, Istanbul , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Spirometric obstruction is a prevalent problem in older adults and related to life-style risk factors. Symptoms related to chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease (COPD) are also prevalent symptoms with diverse etiologies - not limited to pulmonary obstruction. Older adults may have unrecognized airway obstruction due to functional limitations or symptoms mis-attributed to age/other ...
Simon J J Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, United - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to quantify nerve conduction velocity differences in individuals with functional ankle instability compared to a "healthy" population. 38 participants ages 18-30 were recruited from a large university with approximately 43 000 students. 19 subjects (9 men and 10 women; age=21.0±1.4 years; height=172.0±9.3 cm; mass=74.4±1 2.4 kg) with ...
Daubs Michael D MD 1University of Nevada School of Medicine, Division of Orthopaedics 2University of Utah, Department of Orthopaedics 3Northwestern University, Department of - - 2014
Study Design: Cross sectional surveyObjective: The purpose of our study was to evaluate a large population of adolescents from a broad mix of racial/ethnic backgrounds and age groups to better establish baseline normative values for the SRS-22.Summary of Background Data: The SRS-22 instrument was developed to assess treatment outcomes in ...
Falk Mads Krüger - - 2014
Dysregulation of the CCR3/CCL11 pathway has been implicated in the pathogenesis of choroidal neovascularisation, a common feature of late age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of CCR3 and its ligand CCL11 in peripheral blood in patients with neovascular AMD. Patients with neovascular ...
Meirambayeva Aizhan A a Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry , The University of Western Ontario , London , Ontario , - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of this study was to conduct a process and outcome evaluation of the deterrent impact of Ontario's street racing and stunt driving legislation, introduced in September 2007, on extreme speeding convictions. It was hypothesized that because males are much more likely to engage in speeding, street racing ...
Roszkowska-Gancarz Malgorzata M Department of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Center of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, - - 2014
Aging is usually associated with hyperleptinemia and leptin resistance, both increasing the risk of age-related diseases. It was relevant to establish if healthily aging, non-obese individuals develop changes in leptin, the soluble leptin receptor (OB-Re), free leptin index (FLI), in methylation of the leptin receptor gene (LEPR) promoter, and in ...
Izawa Kazuhiro P KP Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine Hospital, Kawasaki, - - 2014
Nutrition is the focus of a new treatment target in older hospitalized cardiac patients. However, little is known about the differences in nutritional status in relation to physical performance in these inpatients. We determined the differences in physical performance based on the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) and physical performance ...
Korb Christina A CA Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Langenbeckstr.1, 55131, Mainz, Germany, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the sex- and age-specific prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and its correlation with urban or rural residence in a large and relatively young European cohort. We evaluated fundus photographs from participants in the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS), a population-based, prospective, observational, ...
Bezerra Bruna Martins BM Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Cidade Universitária, Av. Prof. Moraes Rego, 1235, Recife, PE, 50670-901, Brazil, - - 2014
Compassionate caretaking behaviour towards dying adult group members has been reported as being unique to humans and chimpanzees. Here we describe in detail the reaction of a wild dominant male common marmoset, a neotropical primate, to the accidental death of the dominant female of its group. The male exhibited behaviours ...
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