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VanderWeele Tyler J TJ From the aDepartments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; and bDepartment of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
We consider several possible interpretations of the "effect of race" when regressions are run with race as an exposure variable, controlling also for various confounding and mediating variables. When adjustment is made for socioeconomic status early in a person's life, we discuss under what contexts the regression coefficients for race ...
Ponce J L JL Centro de Investigación en Reproducción Caprina, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Periférico Raúl López Sánchez y Carretera a Santa Fe, Torreón, Coahuila, - - 2014
The response of male goats exposed to different durations of long days (LD) during an extra-light treatment in autumn-winter, and their ability to induce ovulations in seasonally anovulatory goats were investigated in 2 experiments. In experiment 1, control males were exposed to natural photoperiod (n = 5), whereas 4 additional ...
Bedos M M Centro de Investigación en Reproducción Caprina, Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro, Periférico Raúl López Sánchez y Carretera a Sante Fe, C.P. 27054 Torreón, Coahuila, - - 2014
Two experiments were conducted to (a) determine whether sexually active males are able to stimulate the sexual activity of anestrous female goats when duration of contact is reduced to an intermittent contact shorter than 4 daily hours and (b) compare the pattern of secretion of LH when anestrous goats are ...
Sahin Kaniye K Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Science, Istanbul University, 34118 Vezneciler, Istanbul, - - 2014
Aging is a natural process during which changes at the cellular level increase death risk by developing susceptibility to a variety of diseases. Sirtuins have been shown to regulate lifespan in various organisms by deacetylating a number of important transcription factors. Of the 7 identified mammalian sirtuins (SIRT1-7), SIRT6 depletion ...
Sanggarnjanavanich Seetala S Postgraduate student, Departments of Orthodontics and Translational Research, School of Dental Medicine, Tsurumi University, Yokohama, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to clarify the characteristics of cranial-base morphology in adults with skeletal Class III malocclusion and investigate factors relating to the establishment of a skeletal Class III malocclusion. Initial lateral cephalograms of women were examined. Subjects with an ANB angle of 0° to 4°, normal ...
Sancini A A Department of Anatomy, Histology, Legal Medicine and Orthopedics, Unit of Occupational Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, - - 2014
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are widely present in the air pollution. The urinary hydroxypyrene (1-HOPu) is considered the main biological biomarker currently available to measure the exposure to PAH. It is supposed responsible of an increase of estradiol levels in males. Aim of this study is to verify whether there ...
Yano T T The Counseling Center for the Handicapped in Hokkaido, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan; Department of Cardiovascular, Renal and Metabolic Medicine, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, - - 2014
Here we examined whether intellectual disability is independently associated with hyperglycaemia. We recruited 233 consecutive young and middle-aged adults with intellectual disability. After exclusion of subjects on medication for metabolic diseases or with severe intellectual disability (IQ < 35), 121 subjects were divided by IQ into a group with moderate intellectual disability ...
Sabeti Faran F *PhD †MBBS ‡BSc ARC Centre of Excellence in Vision Science and Centre for Visual Sciences, The John Curtin School of Medical Research, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia (all authors); and Ophthalmology Department, The Australian National University, Canberra Hospital, Australian Capital Territory, Australia - - 2014
To investigate the potential of multifocal pupillographic objective perimetry to assess changes in retinal function with clinical severity of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Pupil responses were recorded from 40 subjects with AMD and 23 normal control subjects (mean ± SD age, 71.3 ± 5.1 years). Age-related macular degeneration subjects were ...
McLean Gary G Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, - - 2014
Multimorbidity occurs at a younger age in individuals in areas of high socioeconomic deprivation but little is known about the 'typology' of multimorbidity in different age groups and its association with socioeconomic status. To characterise multimorbidity type and most common conditions in a large nationally representative primary care dataset in ...
Krol M - - 2014
In research on quality of care, the experiences of children and (pre)adolescents are usually assessed by asking their parents. However, these young patients may have preferences of their own, and their experiences do not necessarily concur with those of their parents. Therefore, our research aimed to give young patients an ...
Wolf Michael - - 2014
Purpose: Maxillary sinus floor augmentation is a treatment that has been proposed for patients in whom the alveolar bone height is insufficient. This procedure is commonly used in patients aged 40 to 70 years and older. However, little information exists whether the factor of age might influence the outcome of ...
Barbot Baptiste B Pace University, New York, NY, USA ; Yale University, New Haven, CT, - - 2014
Estimation of age-group differences and intra-individual change across distinct developmental periods is often challenged by the use of age-appropriate (but non-parallel) measures. We present a short version of the Behavior Assessment System (Reynolds & Kamphaus, 1998), Parent Rating Scales for Children (PRS-C) and Adolescents (PRS-A), which uses only their common-items ...
Yu Charles C CC Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, cxy177@case.edu, 2489 Overlook Road, Apt 401, Cleveland Heights, OH 44106, Phone: 314-614-3536, Fax: 216-844-1735 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of South Alabama School of Medicine, drbajwans@gmail.com, 2 Medical Park Dr. #2, Mobile, AL 36693 Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, Yale University School of Medicine, jason.toy@yale.edu, 800 Howard Avenue, New Haven, CT 06510 New Hampshire NeuroSpine Institute, umahn@nhneurospine.com, 4 Hawthorne Drive, Bedford, NH 03110 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, nicholas.ahn@uhhospitals.org, 11100 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH - - 2014
Study Design. An anatomic study of pedicle dimensions was performed for upper thoracic vertebrae from American human subjects.Objective. To quantify the dimensions of the upper thoracic pedicles and to better define the demographic factors that could ultimately govern the caliber selection of pedicle screws.Summary of Background Data. Transpedicular screw fixation ...
Siarampi Eleni E Department of Fixed Prosthesis and Implants Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR 54124, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Dental zirconia restorations should present long-term clinical survival and be in service within the oral environment for many years. However, low temperature degradation could affect their mechanical properties and survival. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of in vitro aging on the flexural strength of yttrium-stabilized ...
Fieo Robert A RA Columbia University, New York, NY, USA University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark - - 2014
Previous methods examining the Multiple Fatigue Inventory-20 (MFI-20) fatigue questionnaire have been limited to classical test theory, for example, factor analytic approaches. We employed modern test theory to further strengthen the construct validity of the MFI-20 fatigue in a sample of healthy late-midlife subjects. Five subdimensions of perceived fatigue were ...
Talaat Hossam Sanyelbhaa HS Audiology Unit, ENT Department, Menoufiya University, Shibin al-Kawm, Egypt, - - 2014
Several studies indicated the association between benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) with osteoporosis and vitamin D deficiency implying that abnormal calcium metabolism may underlie BPPV. The aim of the present study is to confirm the correlation between BPPV and both decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) and vitamin D deficiency. ...
Liu Baoge B Department of Orthopaedic surgery, Beijing TianTan Hospital, Capital Medical University, TianTan Xili No.6, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100050, China, - - 2014
We located the instantaneous center of rotation (ICR) for the cervical spine at various ages and investigated age-related changes. We evaluated the impact of cervical disc degeneration on the ICR using a scoring system based on plain radiographs. Flexion, extension, and neutral lateral radiographs were obtained from 680 asymptomatic subjects ...
Reynolds W Stuart WS Department of Urologic Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee; Center for Surgical Quality and Outcomes Research, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, - - 2014
To document variations and temporal trends in the use of urodynamics (UDS) in female U.S. Medicare beneficiaries. Using a 5% sample of U.S. Medicare utilization records, we identified female beneficiaries who had undergone UDS studies between 2000 and 2010 by the presence of Common Procedural Terminology codes for cystometrogram in ...
Noreen Faiza F Affiliations of authors: Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland (FN, SW, PU, PS, KT); Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland (MR); Department of Gastroenterology, Medical Center for Postgraduate Education, Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Center, Warsaw, Poland (PG, JP, JR); FMH Gastroenterology and Internal Medicine, Langenthal, Switzerland - - 2014
Aberrant DNA methylation in gene promoters is associated with aging and cancer, but the circumstances determining methylation change are unknown. We investigated the impact of lifestyle modulators of colorectal cancer (CRC) risk on the stability of gene promoter methylation in the colonic mucosa. We measured genome-wide promoter CpG methylation in ...
Del Brutto Oscar H OH School of Medicine, Universidad Espíritu Santo-Ecuador, Guayaquil, Ecuador; Department of Neurological Sciences, Hospital-Clínica Kennedy, Guayaquil, Ecuador. Electronic address: - - 2014
To estimate the prevalence of Willis-Ekbom disease (WED) in a racially homogeneous population of adults Amerindians living in rural coastal Ecuador, and to assess the reliability of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG) questionnaire when used in population-based studies. Two-phase, door-to-door, population-based survey. During Phase I, rural doctors ...
Pringsheim Tamara T Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder. We sought to synthesize studies on the prevalence of PD to obtain an overall view of how the prevalence of this disease varies by age, by sex, and by geographic location. We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for epidemiological studies of PD from ...
Cheung Rachel Y K RY Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, 30-32 Ngan Shing Street, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate urine cytokine and chemokine levels in symptomatic ketamine abusers compared with age-matched controls. Midstream urine specimens were collected in a prospective study of 23 ketamine abusers and 27 controls who had never used ketamine. Their basic demographic and urinary symptoms were compared. ...
Kristensen Morten Tange MT Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research-Copenhagen (PMR-C), Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Physical Therapy, Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
The new and standardized test protocol for the Constant score (CS) provides new methodology, but different devices are still used for shoulder strength testing. It was hypothesized that strength measurements using the IsoForceControl (IFC) dynamometer (MDS Medical Device Solutions, Oberburg, Switzerland) would provide results comparable with the IDO isometer (Innovative ...
Nye Kevin S KS Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
Objective Umbilical cord tissue is naturally available after birth and may provide insight into the health of a newborn. Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is a common complication of prematurity that is suspected to be associated with structural deficiency of the vasculature. We are interested in determining whether umbilical vessel properties could be ...
Luyten Anke A Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
Aims: The purpose of this study was to describe articulation and resonance characteristics of Ugandan English-speaking children with cleft lip and palate (CLP) after synchronous lip and palatal closure (Sommerlad technique) prior to the age of 6 months in comparison with an age- and gender-matched control group. Methods: Eleven Ugandan ...
Zhou Q Q Department of High Altitude Disease, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China, People's Republic - - 2014
to study the changes of cardiac structure and function in Han people returning to the plain after long-term exposure to high altitude. Echocardiographic examinations were performed in 348 residents who once lived in high altitude and then returned to the plain for at least 3 years (altitude exposure group) and ...
Alayoubi S S Imperial College London, National heart and lung institute, London, United - - 2014
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) is a well-characterised model for studies of hypertension and atrial arrhythmias but little is known about the electrophysiological properties of the left ventricle (LV) and their relation with ventricular arrhythmias in the development of this disease. To investigate the mechanisms behind electrophysiological abnormalities in the ...
Kavana Theethira S TS Biopsychology Laboratory, University of Mysore, Mysore, - - 2014
Male takeover and infanticide are a widespread phenomenon among non-human primates, observed mostly in species with a relatively longer lactation in relation to gestation. In this study, we report for the first time an episode of male takeover and infanticide, and the rarely reported occurrence of an all-male band and ...
Kasagi Yuta Y Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, - - 2014
This study clarifies age differences in clinicopathologic characteristics and risk factor exposure of patients who have undergone esophagectomy for esophageal cancer (EC). Clinical results of esophagectomy were compared between 22 patients younger than 50 years of age (Group I) and 327 patients older than 50 years of age (Group II) with esophageal ...
Wirz Markus M Balgrist University Hospital, Spinal Cord Injury Center, Zurich, Switzerland, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Health Departement, Institute of Physiotherapy, Winterthur, Switzerland ; - - 2014
This retrospective study was designed to examine the influence of age on the outcome of motor function and activities of daily living (ADLs) in patients with a cervical spinal cord injury (SCI). The study is based on the data registry of the EMSCI study group. Initial upper extremity motor score ...
Kushida Osamu O Department of Health and Nutrition, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the effects of an environmental intervention based on the transtheoretical model to increase access to nutritional information about vegetable consumption in workplace cafeterias. Nonrandomized controlled trial. Sixteen workplaces with cafeterias in Niigata, Japan, were assigned to intervention (n = 8) or comparison sites (n = 8). A total ...
Barends Coraline C Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Background: The low vegetable intake in children may be attributed to their low preference for vegetables. During the first year of life, first taste preferences are formed, which may track over time. In a previous study to increase infants' vegetable intake and liking, we found that at the start of ...
Hee Ahn Seong S Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 138-736, Republic of - - 2014
Context: Fat and muscle are linked to bone metabolism. Objective: To investigate the association of fat mass (FM) and lean mass (LM) with bone mineral density (BMD) according to gender and age Design and Setting: A population-based, cross-sectional study from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys Participants: 15,036 Koreans ...
Pizzato Tatiana M TM Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor Apparatus, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
Grip strength is used to infer functional status in several pathological conditions, and the hand dynamometer has been used to estimate performance in other areas. However, this relationship is controversial in neuromuscular diseases and studies with the bulb dynamometer comparing healthy children and children with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) are ...
Tjon Pian Gi Robin E A RE Department of Otorhinolaryngology/ Head & Neck Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; Graduate School of Medical Sciences (Groningen University Institute for Drug Exploration), University of Groningen, The - - 2014
Background: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is mainly associated with HPV6 or HPV11. The aim of this study is to compare clinical outcome, aggressiveness and treatment response between HPV6 and HPV11 associated RPP. Methods: A retrospective cohort of 55 RRP patients (1974-2012) was used. Surgical interventions (n=814) were analyzed, and complications ...
Vicendese D D School of Public Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, 3086 - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: Little is known about asthma readmissions within 28 days over time by age or gender. We explored trends in childhood asthma hospital readmission rates over time by age, gender and season. Methods: Using a large database of 53,156 childhood admissions with a primary diagnosis of asthma from the ...
Thai Kim T KT a School of Aviation University of New South Wales , Sydney , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Objectives One of the main requirements of a protective bicycle helmet is to provide and maintain adequate coverage to the head. A poorly fitting or fastened helmet may be displaced during normal use or even ejected during a crash. The aims of the current study were to identify factors ...
Braga L H LH Department of Surgery, McMaster University, 1280 Main St W, HSC 4E19, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada; McMaster Children's Hospital, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
To identify a contralateral testicular cut-off size that would predict monorchism (intra-abdominal vanishing testis or inguinal/scrotal nubbin) in boys with unilateral nonpalpable testis (NPT). Boys with cryptorchidism, treated by a single surgeon at a tertiary care center from 2009 to 2013, were grouped based on intra-operative findings: boys with a ...
Wallia Amisha A Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Molecular Medicine, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Evidence suggests an association between exposure to cadmium and dysglycemia. To investigate this matter, we examined the relationship between urinary cadmium and prediabetes in the cross sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). NHANES participants for the years 2005 through 2010 aged ≥40 years were included in the analysis. ...
Wu Xiaojing X Department of Nephrology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medcine , Shanghai , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: In order to evaluate the clinical and pathological characteristics of diuretics associated acute kidney injury (AKI) and its management. Methods: We performed a retrospective study including 131 cases that diagnosed as diuretics associated AKI from 1 January 1999 to 1 January 2010 in Ruijin Hospital affiliated to Shanghai ...
Friedman Seth D SD Department of Radiology, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
While there have been isolated reports of callosal morphology differences in pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy (PDE), a rare autosomal disorder caused by ALDH7A1 gene mutations, no study has systematically evaluated callosal features in a large sample of patients. This study sought to overcome this knowledge gap. Spanning a wide age range from ...
Tian Chunjie C Department of Otolaryngology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of - - 2014
Since Korean red ginseng (KRG) has been proven to protect against gentamicin-induced vestibular and hearing dysfunction, the effects of KRG on age-related inner ear disorder in C57BL/6 mice were investigated. While age-related hearing loss was detected at the age of 6months (32kHz) and 9months (16kHz) in the control group, it ...
Weyl-Feinstein S S Department of Ruminant Science, Institute of Animal Science, Newe Ya'ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, PO Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel; Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Haifa, 31905 Haifa, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cryptosporidium parvum is considered one of the most common enteropathogens, responsible for the high incidence of diarrhea and deleterious implications on immunity and health in neonatal calves. The pomegranate is well known for its health-promoting properties. Two experiments were designed to test the antiparasitical and antidiarrheal effects of concentrated pomegranate ...
Acurio Jesenia J Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Vascular Physiology Laboratory, Group of Investigation in Tumor Angiogenesis (GIANT), Group of Research and Innovation in Vascular Health (GRIVAS Health), University of Bío-Bío, Chillán, Chile; School of Phonoaudiology, Universidad Pedro de Valdivia, Chillan, - - 2014
Either obesity or vocal loading task leads to elevation of proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 6 (IL-6). However, it is unknown whether vocal parameters after vocal loading are correlated with body mass index (BMI) or IL-6. We hypothesize that vocal loading induces an elevation of acoustic parameters of voice and ...
Duci Shkelzen B SB University Clinical Center of Kosovo, Department of Plastic Surgery, Pristina, Kosovo. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and cause of burns in children of our population. This was a retrospective study that included 399 patients with burns, younger than 15 years old who were admitted to the Department of Plastic Surgery, University Clinical Center of Kosovo, between ...
Ozen A E AE Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Near East University, Mersin, - - 2014
Fluid intake, especially water, is essential for human life and also necessary for physical and mental function. The present study aimed to assess beverage consumption across age groups. A systematic review was conducted. Original research in English language publications and available studies (or abstracts in English) from 2000 to 2013 ...
Li Yawen Y San Diego State University, CA, USA - - 2014
There is a limited research and understanding regarding the physical activity (PA) of older Asian Americans. This study examined the associations between neighborhood factors and walking among older Asian Americans. Drawing from the 2003 California Health Interview Survey, our sample included 1,045 older adults aged 55 and above representing five ...
Silva Franciane F FF Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), Vitória, ES, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
leukemias comprise the most common group of cancers in children and adolescents. Studies conducted in other countries and Brazil have observed a decrease in their mortality.This study aimed to evaluate the trend of mortality from leukemia in children under 19 years of age in Brazil, from 1980 to 2010. this ...
Altaf Sadaf S Departments of *Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine †Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester MN ‡Preventive and Societal Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE §Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA ‚ą•Division of Pediatric Surgery, East Carolina University, Greenville, - - 2014
On the Fourth Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma study, older children experienced excessive neurotoxicity, whereas younger children had increased myelosuppression. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the same pattern of toxicity was seen on the successor study when use of growth factor was required and dosing of chemotherapy was different ...
Wong Martin Cs MC 1. School of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong, HKSAR, China (postal code: - - 2014
Hypertension is one of the most important public health issues worldwide. We assessed the prevalence rates of self reported hypertension in Hong Kong between 2001 to 2008 and evaluated factors associated with its prevalence. serial cross-sectional surveys. Territory-wide Household surveys in the Hong Kong population in the years 2001, 2002, ...
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