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Results 451 - 500 of 4449
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Celik Murat M Murat Celik, Department of Cardiology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, School of Medicine, Ankara, - - 2014
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and QT dispersion (QTd) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: Sixty patients(mean age 62.72 ± 12.48 years) included 46 male, (mean age 60.89 ± 12.70 years)and 14 female (mean age 68.71± 9.86 years) were enrolled ...
Nandagopalan Pottayan Ayyappakutty PA Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Sree Narayana Institute of Medical Sciences , Chalaka, Kerala, - - 2014
Background: Age related changes in the number of Brunner's Glands (BG) in four anatomical parts of human duodenum were studied. The few studies done on this topic were conducted mainly in men. Studies involving a much larger age group, from foetuses to elderly individuals up to 85years of age including ...
Modh Datt - - 2014
Introduction: Tinnitus, the perception of the sound in the absence of an external acoustic source, disrupts the daily life 1 out of every 200 adults, yet its physiological basis remains largely a mystery. The generation of tinnitus is commonly linked with the impaired functioning of the outer hair cells (OHC) ...
Houle Brian B Population Program, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado at Boulder; 1440 15 Street, 483 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309-0483 - - 2014
The prevalence of obesity and overweight is socially patterned, with higher prevalence among women, racial/ethnic minorities, and those with lower socio-economic status. Contextual factors also affect obesity risk. However, an omitted factor has been incarceration, particularly since it disproportionately affects minorities. This study examines the effects of incarceration on adult ...
Kundu Debabrata D Department of Periodontia, Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2014
Human leukocyte antigens (HLA) have been considered a candidate of genetic risk markers for aggressive periodontitis (AP). AP has also been associated with polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) dysfunction. The role of monocyte subsets in AP has also not been completely explored. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to assess in, AP ...
Moghaddam Hasan Mottaghi - - 2014
The rate of consanguineous marriage is high in Middle Eastern countries such as Iran. The relationship between consanguineous marriage and congenital heart disease is discussed in some studies, but there is not much data for relationship between atrial septal defect (ASD) and consanguineous marriage. The aim of this study was ...
Yamashita Keishi - - 2014
Macroscopic features and age may be important prognostic factors that discriminate survival among clinical conditions requiring different therapeutic strategies of advanced gastric cancer (AGC), and this study aimed to identify their clinical relevance. A total of 232 AGC patients who had Surgical T2b or beyond was enrolled to identify clinical ...
Tekgül Nurdan N Department of Family Medicine, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the secular trend of menarche age within the last 35 years in an immigrant urban city in Turkey-İzmir. We found the mean age at menarche as 13.10±1.18 years for 121,257 women. The reported mean age at menarche showed a decreasing trend over ...
Fortes Helena Nunes da Rocha - - 2014
To identify which linear, angular and proportionality measures could influence a profile to be considered esthetically pleasant or unpleasant, and to assess sexual dimorphism. 150 standardized facial profile photographs of dental students of both sexes were obtained and printed on photographic paper. Ten plastic surgeons, ten orthodontists and ten layperson ...
Prakash Smita S Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
A pre-puncture estimate of skin to subarachnoid space depth (SSD) may guide spinal needle placement and reduce complications associated with lumbar puncture. Our aim was to determine (1) The SSD in Indian males, females, parturients and the overall population; (2) To derive formulae for predicting SSD and (3) To determine ...
Waldron Mark M a Exercise and Sports Sciences , University of New England, Armidale , - - 2014
Abstract This study compared technical actions, movements, heart rates and perceptual responses of selected and unselected youth rugby league players during matches (under-15 to under-17 age groups). The players' movements and heart rates were assessed using 5 Hz Global Positioning Systems (GPSs), while their technical actions were analysed using video analysis. ...
Fader Lauren M LM University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
The capitellar ossification center is used routinely to evaluate elbow alignment on radiography. However, whether capitellar ossification is central and concentric to support this practice is unknown. To define the pattern of capitellar ossification at different ages of childhood. This HIPAA-compliant study was IRB approved. MR imaging examinations from 81 ...
Van Borsel John J Logopaedic and Audiological Sciences, Gent University, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
The present study examined the popular stereotype that gay men lisp by evaluating to what extent listeners associated dental or frontal articulation/lisping with gayness. Fifteen heterosexual males and 15 heterosexual females listened to 275 samples of read speech and judged the sexual orientation of the speakers. A total of 175 ...
Blanchard Ray R Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, 250 College St., Toronto, ON, M5T 1R8, Canada, - - 2014
The term "fraternal birth order effect" denotes a statistical relation most commonly expressed in one of two ways: Older brothers increase the odds of homosexuality in later born males or, alternatively, homosexual men tend to have more older brothers than do heterosexual men. The demonstrability of this effect depends partly ...
Choi Namkee G NG The University of Texas at Austin, - - 2014
Guided by the social comparison theory, we examined correlates of the discrepancy between chronological and felt ages in three age groups of community-dwelling older adults: 65 to 69, 70 to 79, and 80 and older. Data from the National Health and Aging Trends Study and linear regression models were used ...
Gatterer H H Department of Sport Science, University Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, 6020, Innsbruck, Austria, - - 2014
Hiking is one of the most popular activities among the elderly in Alpine regions. Due to the long-lasting, moderately intensive nature of this form of physical activity, hiking is generally considered to be beneficial to health. However, it is currently unclear whether once-weekly hiking-as commonly practiced at weekends-really does yield ...
A G Gouveia Luiza L School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, Avenida Dr. Arnaldo, 715, Zip code: 01246-904 São Paulo, S.P. Brazil(1). Electronic address: - - 2014
The positive association between WC and systemic arterial hypertension (SAH), diabetes mellitus (DM) and HD calls for investigation in the elderly. The objective of the present study was to identify WC values, so as better to determine the risk of these diseases. This was a longitudinal study using the data ...
Hougaard Karin Sørig - - 2014
Cryptorchidism (undescended testes) is associated with poor male fertility, but can be alleviated and fertility preserved to some degree by early detection and treatment. Here we assess the influence of socio-occupational class, geographical region, maternal age and birth cohort on time to detection and correction of cryptorchidism. All boys born ...
Varady E E Department of Radiology, University of Pécs, Pécs, - - 2014
The aim of our article is to report normal values of β stiffness parameter and pulse wave velocity (PWV) determined via radio frequency echo-tracking technique first in different age groups of a healthy Central European population in both gender. Values of PWV and β stiffness parameters increase normally during aging ...
Bahat Gulistan G Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Geriatrics, Istanbul Medical School, Istanbul University , Capa, Istanbul , Turkey - - 2014
Abstract Spirometric obstruction is a prevalent problem in older adults and related to life-style risk factors. Symptoms related to chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease (COPD) are also prevalent symptoms with diverse etiologies - not limited to pulmonary obstruction. Older adults may have unrecognized airway obstruction due to functional limitations or symptoms mis-attributed to age/other ...
Simon J J Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, United - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to quantify nerve conduction velocity differences in individuals with functional ankle instability compared to a "healthy" population. 38 participants ages 18-30 were recruited from a large university with approximately 43 000 students. 19 subjects (9 men and 10 women; age=21.0±1.4 years; height=172.0±9.3 cm; mass=74.4±1 2.4 kg) with ...
Daubs Michael D MD 1University of Nevada School of Medicine, Division of Orthopaedics 2University of Utah, Department of Orthopaedics 3Northwestern University, Department of - - 2014
Study Design: Cross sectional surveyObjective: The purpose of our study was to evaluate a large population of adolescents from a broad mix of racial/ethnic backgrounds and age groups to better establish baseline normative values for the SRS-22.Summary of Background Data: The SRS-22 instrument was developed to assess treatment outcomes in ...
Falk Mads Krüger - - 2014
Dysregulation of the CCR3/CCL11 pathway has been implicated in the pathogenesis of choroidal neovascularisation, a common feature of late age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of CCR3 and its ligand CCL11 in peripheral blood in patients with neovascular AMD. Patients with neovascular ...
Meirambayeva Aizhan A a Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry , The University of Western Ontario , London , Ontario , - - 2014
Objective: The purpose of this study was to conduct a process and outcome evaluation of the deterrent impact of Ontario's street racing and stunt driving legislation, introduced in September 2007, on extreme speeding convictions. It was hypothesized that because males are much more likely to engage in speeding, street racing ...
Roszkowska-Gancarz Malgorzata M Department of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Center of Postgraduate Medical Education, Warsaw, - - 2014
Aging is usually associated with hyperleptinemia and leptin resistance, both increasing the risk of age-related diseases. It was relevant to establish if healthily aging, non-obese individuals develop changes in leptin, the soluble leptin receptor (OB-Re), free leptin index (FLI), in methylation of the leptin receptor gene (LEPR) promoter, and in ...
Izawa Kazuhiro P KP Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine Hospital, Kawasaki, - - 2014
Nutrition is the focus of a new treatment target in older hospitalized cardiac patients. However, little is known about the differences in nutritional status in relation to physical performance in these inpatients. We determined the differences in physical performance based on the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) and physical performance ...
Korb Christina A CA Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Langenbeckstr.1, 55131, Mainz, Germany, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to describe the sex- and age-specific prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and its correlation with urban or rural residence in a large and relatively young European cohort. We evaluated fundus photographs from participants in the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS), a population-based, prospective, observational, ...
Bezerra Bruna Martins BM Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Cidade Universitária, Av. Prof. Moraes Rego, 1235, Recife, PE, 50670-901, Brazil, - - 2014
Compassionate caretaking behaviour towards dying adult group members has been reported as being unique to humans and chimpanzees. Here we describe in detail the reaction of a wild dominant male common marmoset, a neotropical primate, to the accidental death of the dominant female of its group. The male exhibited behaviours ...
Chimenti Ruth L RL PhD Student, University of Rochester - School of Nursing, Ithaca College - Rochester Campus, Department of Physical Therapy, Center for Foot and Ankle Research, Rochester, - - 2014
Study Design Cross-sectional, laboratory study. Objective To compare single limb heel rise performance and foot/ankle kinematics between persons with stage II Adult-Acquired Flatfoot Deformity (AAFD) and healthy controls. Background The inability to perform a single limb heel rise is considered a functional diagnostic test for AAFD. However, it is unknown ...
Short Camille E - - 2014
People have different preferences on how health behaviour change interventions are delivered to them; intervention implementation, retention and effectiveness may be improved if preferences can be matched.Purpose: This study aims to explore factors related to preference of face-to-face, and group-, print- or web-based physical activity intervention delivery modes among adults ...
Hilz Max J MJ Department of Neurology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Schwabachanlage 6, 91054 Erlangen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Autonomic arousal-responses to emotional stimuli change with age. Age-dependent autonomic responses to music-onset are undetermined. To determine whether cardiovascular-autonomic responses to "relaxing" or "aggressive" music differ between young and older healthy listeners. In ten young (22.8±1.7years) and 10 older volunteers (61.7±7.7years), we monitored respiration (RESP), RR-intervals (RRI), and systolic and ...
Wink Logan K LK 1 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center , Cincinnati, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess change in body mass index (BMI) and age- and gender-adjusted BMI Z-score in subjects ages 2-20 years with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), who were treated longitudinally with risperidone or aripiprazole at a tertiary care ASD clinic. Method: As part of ...
Choi Hyuk-Jae HJ Korea Orthopedics & Rehabilitation Engineering Center, Incheon, - - 2014
Numerous elderly individuals use the four-wheeled walker (FWW) as a gait-assistive device. The walker's handgrip height is important for correct use. However, few clinical studies have investigated the biomechanical effects of the FWW's handgrip height on balance. Therefore, the present study assessed kinematic features of the gait, torso and pelvis ...
Blum Kenneth - - 2014
Various trials have been conducted on the management and treatment of androgenic alopecia (AGA) or male pattern hair loss using a variety of laser and light sources. For this feasibility study, the population was composed of males between the ages of 20 and 60 years who have been experiencing active ...
Kim Gene G From the John A. Moran Eye Center (Kim, Christiansen, Moshifar), University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, and the Ruiz Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science (Kim), University of Texas Medical School at Houston, and the Robert Cizik Eye Clinic (Kim), Houston, Texas, - - 2014
To compare the change in keratometry (K), spherical equivalent (SE), and visual acuity after myopic laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). Academic tertiary care center. Retrospective review. The postoperative K, SE, and uncorrected and corrected distance visual acuities were measured 6 months, 9 months, 1 year, 2 ...
Mehanna Raja R University of Texas Health Science center, 6410 Fannin Street, Suite 1014, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Parkinson's disease (PD) affects 1-2% of the population over 65 years. There is evidence that the clinical features differ with age at symptom onset, but published information is scarce. We reviewed the charts of 593 PD patients and divided them into young onset (≤49 years), middle onset (50-69 years) and ...
Rongo Roberto R a PhD Student, Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Science and Oral Science, University of Naples "Federico II,", Naples, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate the relationship between mandibular divergence and vertical and transverse dimensions of the face. Materials and Methods: A sample was recruited from the orthodontic clinic of the University of Otago, New Zealand. The recruited participants (N  =  60) were assigned to three different groups based on the ...
Galán-Mercant Alejandro - - 2014
Physical conditions through gait and other functional task are parameters to consider for frailty detection. The aim of the present study is to measure and describe. Firstly, to measure and describe the variability of acceleration, angular velocity and trunk displacement in the ten meter Extended Timed Get-Up-and-Go test in two ...
Termorshuizen Fabian F Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, PO Box 85500, 3508 GA, Utrecht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Recent studies have shown increased incidence of non-affective psychotic disorders (NAPD) among ethnic minorities compared to the native population, but not, or less so, in areas with a high own-group proportion. The aim is to investigate this ethnic density effect in Utrecht and whether this effect is due to higher ...
Wade Kelly R KR Experimental Tissue Mechanics Laboratory, Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
Recent investigations using an ovine spine model have established that the disc nucleus contains a highly convoluted fibre network with endplate-to-endplate connectivity, this connectivity being achieved via distinctive nodal attachment points. The purpose of this study was to investigate how this nodal anchoring system might be influenced by maturation. Lumbar ...
Zimmermann Ruediger R Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, and Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, - - 2014
Changes in the concentrations of amyloid-β (Aβ) in the body fluids are the earliest alterations observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD), however, there is a lack of data about how early these alterations occur, before the onset of the clinical symptoms. APOE genotype is the most recognized genetic risk/protective factor of ...
Filler Guido - - 2014
Background: To determine the relationship between maternal and neonatal cystatin C (CysC) and β-trace protein (BTP), markers of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) on day 1 of life. Methods: Blood levels of CysC, BTP, and creatinine (Cr) were analyzed from 128 healthy term and preterm neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive ...
Aslam Muhammad Aamir - - 2014
In various studies chronic elevation of corticosterone levels in female birds under natural or experimental conditions resulted in female biased offspring sex ratios. In chicken, one study with injected corticosterone resulted in a male sex ratio bias. In the current study, we chronically elevated blood plasma corticosterone levels through corticosterone ...
Lu Chun-I CI Loma Linda University, Resident, Implant, Loma Linda - - 2014
Abstract The purpose of this study is to use cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) scans with oblique-transverse reconstruction modality to measure and compare the anterior loop length (AnLL) of the mental nerve between gender & age groups and to compare the difference between the right and left sides. 61 female and ...
Welk Gregory J GJ 1Department of Kinesiology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 2Department of Statistics, Iowa State University, Ames, - - 2014
The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity of an interviewer-administered, 24-hour physical activity recall (PAR) compared to the SenseWear Armband (SWA) for estimation of energy expenditure (EE) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a representative sample of adults. A secondary goal was to compare measurement errors ...
Bowles D D University of Bielefeld, Faculty of Health Sciences, Health Economics and Health Care Management, - - 2014
Failure of closure of the neural tube often leads to serious malformations, including spina bifida, anencephaly and encephalocoele. Despite improvements in medical and surgical treatment, the burden associated with spina bifida is substantial but country-specific data are lacking outside North America. This study aims to improve understanding of the economic ...
Craciun Catrinel C Department of Education and Psychology, Qualitative Research on Human Development, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany; Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, - - 2014
Nowadays people are growing old in a context where youth culture is the norm and where self-initiative is required in order to prepare for a good old age. However, planning old age may be more difficult for certain social groups with insecure work and living conditions. Precariousness, defined as bad ...
Fisher D S DS Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Toxicology Unit, Bessemer Wing, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust , Denmark Hill, London , - - 2014
Context. Unintentional carbon monoxide poisoning remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in England and Wales. Methods. Study design: observational case series. Data on fatal carbon monoxide poisoning in England and Wales from 1979 to 2012 were obtained from coroner reports. Data on unintentional non-fire-related carbon monoxide poisoning were ...
Steck Nicole N Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel, Switzerland and Hospital of Psychiatry Muensingen and University Hospital of Psychiatry Bern, Bern, - - 2014
In Switzerland, assisted suicide is legal but there is concern that vulnerable or disadvantaged groups are more likely to die in this way than other people. We examined socio-economic factors associated with assisted suicide. We linked the suicides assisted by right-to-die associations during 2003-08 to a census-based longitudinal study of ...
Barr M M 1Center for Exercise and Sports Science Research, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Western Australia, AUSTRALIA 2Canadian Sport Institute, Victoria, British Columbia, - - 2014
Increasing lower body strength is often considered to be important for improving the sprinting speed of rugby players. This concept was examined in a group (n=40) of international rugby players in a two part study. The players were tested for body mass (BM), one repetition maximum power clean (PC) and ...
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