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Koestenberger Martin M Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical University Graz, Graz, - - 2014
Quantitative determination of right ventricular (RV) function has gained more interest over the last years. The RV outflow tract systolic excursion (RVOT SE) has been recently proposed as an echocardiographic tool to assess RV systolic function in adults. We aimed to determine growth-related changes of RVOT SE in children and ...
Valerio Daniel D Hospital Nacional de Geriatría y Gerontología de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica; School of Medicine, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa - - 2014
To study the association of dementia with apolipoprotein E-e4 (APOE-e4) and its interaction with age in a nonagenarian Costa Rican group (N-sample) and a general elderly contrast group (GE-sample). In both case-control studies, participants were cognitively intact or diagnosed with dementia. The N-sample (N = 112) was at least age 90 ...
Kaymakçı Mustafa M ENT Department, Faculty of Medicine, Balıkesir University, Balıkesir, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to reveal whether the presence of atopy plays any unfavorable role in the development of a healthy middle ear as evaluated by tympanometry or in the degree of mastoid pneumatization as measured by mastoid volume. 33 atopic patients with positive skin prick test results ...
Yabar Javier Portillo JP 1Sport Training Lab. Faculty of Sport Sciences. University of Castilla La Mancha (Spain). 2Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Pablo de Olavide (Spain) 3School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan - - 2014
This study compared the activity profile of national and international female rugby sevens players during competitive matches. 20 rugby sevens female players were recruited, 10 were members of the Spanish National Team (26.27 ± 4.05 yr.old, 65.39 ± 5.01 kg, 166.72 ± 6.70 cm) and 10 were amateur athletes from ...
Carranza A A Laboratory of Reproductive Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, National University of La Plata, La Plata, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to reproductively assess the clinical and hormonal effects of a GnRH agonist (AG) and an antagonist (AN) administered during the postnatal period in domestic cats. Forty-eight male and female postnatal kittens were randomly assigned to deslorelin acetate 1.6 mg subcutaneous (AG; n = 16), acyline 33 μg/100 g ...
Sanfilippo Paul G PG Department of Ophthalmology, Centre for Eye Research Australia, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic., - - 2014
To investigate the age range for which cycloplegia provides additional information compared with non-cycloplegic refraction in teenagers and young adults. Data for 1295 subjects (704 female; 591 male) from the Twins Eye Study in Tasmania (TEST) and the Brisbane Adolescent Twin Study (mean age: 19.65 ± 3.56, range: 13-26 years) were included. For ...
Radke John C - - 2014
Aims: The objectives were to find specific factors that are mathematically distinct between the chewing timings, movement pattern shapes, variability, and movement velocities of: (1) normal asymptomatic subjects and (2) a group of subjects with verified temporomandibular joint (TMJ) internal derangements. Methodology: Left- and right-sided chewing movement recordings of 28 ...
Pavlidis Pavlos P ENT Department, Katholisches Klinikum, Rudolf-Virchow-Str.7, 56073, Koblenz, Germany, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate differences in gustatory function in smokers of both sexes and identify any differences in the shape, density and vascularisation of the fungiform papillae (fPap) of smokers' tongue. Additional aim was to investigate any relation between the age, pack years and differences in ...
Waber Deborah P - - 2014
Objective: To compare neuropsychological profiles of adults who had experienced an episode of moderate to severe protein-energy malnutrition confined to the first year of life with that of a healthy community comparison group. Method: We assessed neuropsychological functioning in a cohort of Barbadian adults, all of whom had birth weight ...
Moon H-R HR Department of Dermatology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The clinical features and incidences of cutaneous lymphoma (CL) differ by ethnicity and age. However, there is to our knowledge no study to show characteristics and distribution of paediatric CL in Asian population. The aim of this study was to investigate distinctive clinicopathological features of CL in paediatric population, particularly ...
Clark Ross A RA School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To use low-cost Nintendo Wii Balance Boards to assess WBA in people who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), and to compare their results with a matched control group. Quantitative clinical study using a cross-sectional design. Orthopaedic clinic of a private hospital PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-two participants (41 ACLR). The ACLR ...
Bania Theofani T Department of Physiotherapy, La Trobe University, Melbourne, - - 2014
We determined the criterion validity and the retest reliability of the ActivPAL™ monitor in young people with diplegic cerebral palsy (CP). Activity monitor data were compared with the criterion of video recording for 10 participants. For the retest reliability, activity monitor data were collected from 24 participants on two occasions. ...
Krueger Patrick M PM University of Colorado - - 2014
Objective. The average body mass index (BMI) is rising even as the U.S. population grows increasingly diverse. We extend prior research by examining BMI trends in diverse groups including whites, blacks, Chinese, Filipinos, Asian Indians, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans who are U.S. born, recent immigrants, or long-term immigrants. Methods. ...
Halicioglu Koray K a Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Abant İzzet Baysal University, Bolu, - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: To investigate the skeletal, dental, and soft tissue effects of the face mask (FM) treatment with and without rapid maxillary expansion (RME) in young adult subjects with maxillary retrognathia. Materials and Methods: Pretreatment and posttreatment cephalometric radiographs from 32 subjects who had a skeletal Class III malocclusion were ...
Kim Yongdae Y Department of Oral Medicine and Oral Diagnosis, School of Dentistry and Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, - - 2014
To identify possible clinical differences between male, premenopausal, and postmenopausal female patients with burning mouth symptoms. Burning mouth symptoms are known to occur predominantly in postmenopausal women. In some rare cases, however, such symptoms may also appear in men and younger premenopausal women. There is no information on the characteristics ...
Morales-Piñeyrúa Jéssica Tatiana JT Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, - - 2014
Our objectives were to determine if success index of pampas deer females is related with females' age and if social rank makes any influence on reproductive performance. Female social rank was determined in 18 groups of animals composed of 1 male: 5-9 females (total=98 females). Date of parturition for each ...
Khalil Asma A Fetal Medicine Unit, Academic Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, St George's University of London, - - 2014
Non-invasive prenatal diagnosis of achondroplasia is currently available but clinical suspicion is a pre-requisite for testing. However, this is challenging because many of the recognized prenatal ultrasound findings can be subtle and are not specific to achondroplasia. It has recently been reported that fetuses with achondroplasia have a wider than ...
Scott I R IR School for Health, University of Bath, Bath, UK; Isle of Man Institute of Sport, Douglas, Isle of Man. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined the effects of sitting surfaces on the cross-sectional area of lumbar multifidus (LM) in patients with Chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP) and healthy controls (HC). Cross-Sectional Case Controlled Study. Isle of Man Institute of Sport. 40 age and sex matched, sporting participants aged 18-45 years, recruited from ...
Weller Drika D University of California, - - 2014
Children ages 5-13 years (N = 82) responded to prosocial and prohibitive moral dilemmas featuring characters whose desires conflicted with another person's need for help or ownership rights. The gender of the characters matched for half the trials (in-group version) and mismatched for the other half (out-group version). Both boys and girls judged ...
George Jaya A JA Department of Chemical Pathology, National Health Laboratory Service and University of the - - 2014
Context and objective There is little data on the contribution of body composition to bone mineral density (BMD) in non-Caucasian populations. We therefore studied the contribution of body composition, and possible confounding of 25(OH)D and PTH, to BMD at various skeletal sites in black African (BA) and Asian Indian (AI) ...
Wei Shujin S *Department of Cataract at Clinical College of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China; †Department of Cataract at Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin, China; ‡Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tianjin, China; §Department of Ophthalmology at Tianjin Nankai Hospital, Tanjin, China; and ¶Tianjin Eye Institute, Tianjin, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of higher-order aberrations (HOAs) of the anterior cornea of eyes with cataract in a senior Chinese population and their correlations with age. Four hundred ten Chinese patients (male/female: 196/214; age: 67.9 ± 10.0 years) with cataract were categorized into 5 ...
Greve Sara V SV aCardiovascular and Metabolic Preventive Clinic, Department of Endocrinology, Odense University Hospital bCardiovascular Research Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Glostrup University Hospital cDepartment of Cardiology, Herlev University Hospital dSteno Diabetes Center, Gentofte, Denmark eDepartment of Diagnostic Imaging, Gentofte University Hospital fResearch Centre for Prevention and Health gDepartment of Cardiology, Glostrup University Hospital hDepartment of Internal Medicine, Holbæk Hospital iHypertension in Africa Research Team (HART), North-West University, Potchefstroom, South - - 2014
Two thousand and fifty-nine healthy individuals aged 41, 51, 61 and 71 years examined in 1993, were divided in age, SCORE and Framingham risk score (FRS) groups. Subclinical vascular damage (SVD) was defined as carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) at least 12 m/s, carotid atherosclerotic plaques or albuminuria defined as urine ...
Brokaw Sarah M SM Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services, Helena, MT, United - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to assess if group size is associated with weight loss outcomes among participants in an adapted diabetes prevention program. Adults at high-risk (N=841) for CVD and diabetes were enrolled in the lifestyle intervention in 2011. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to identify if ...
Dipierri José E JE Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Nacional de Jujuy, 4600 San Salvador de Jujuy, Jujuy, Argentina; Instituto de Biología de la Altura (INBIAL), Universidad Nacional de Jujuy, 4600 San Salvador de Jujuy, Jujuy, - - 2014
The possible association between finger dermatoglyphic patterns and altitude and surname distribution was analyzed in a sample of adult males from the province of Jujuy, Argentina. We also investigated the biological affinity of this population with other South American natives and admixed populations. Fingerprints were obtained from 996 healthy men, ...
Luewan Suchaya S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Thailand. suleuwan@gmail.com, - - 2014
To assess the IVC Doppler changes in fetuses with hydrops fetalis due to anemia, using fetuses with Hb Bart's disease as a live model METHODS: Fetuses with hydrops fetalis caused by Hb Bart's disease were measured for IVC Doppler indices. The diagnosis of Hb Bart's disease was based on fetal ...
Cayonu Melih M Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Amasya University Training and Research Hospital, Kirazlıdere, Amasya, 05100, Turkey, - - 2014
Tonsillar hypertrophy is common in children, but it can also be present in adults. Enlarged tonsils, a significant anatomical barrier, may affect the flow of odor molecules from the oral cavity to the nasal passages, which has not yet been studied. Thus, we aimed to investigate the mass effect of ...
Kirchberger Michael C MC Handsurgery, Vulpius Klinik, Vulpiusstraße 29, 74906, Bad Rappenau, - - 2014
Trapeziometacarpal joint osteoarthritis is a very common degenerative joint disease which affects especially women between their fifth and sixth decade of life. To determine the final pinch, grip and functional outcome after trapeziometacarpal arthroplasty and to compare to non-arthritic controls, we hypothesized that patients after the former surgery are expected ...
Mueller S S Haptic Research Laboratory, Medical Faculty, Paul-Flechsig-Institute for Brain Research, University of Leipzig, Johannisallee 34, 04103, Leipzig, - - 2014
Extensive use of sensorimotor properties has been shown to lead to use-dependent plasticity in the human motor cortex as well as sensory areas. The sensory consequences of these cortical changes, however, remain widely unclear. We were interested whether job-related long-term haptic training is measurable in terms of changes in haptic ...
Merola Jf J 1Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2014
ObjectivesThe objective of this paper is to determine the effect of clinical and laboratory manifestations, and medication prescribing, on survival according to patient age at diagnosis in a large academic systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) cohort.MethodsWe identified SLE patients with a diagnosis at age ≥18, seen between 1970 through 2011, and ...
Lei Ting T Department of Ultrasonic Medicine, Fetal Medical Centre, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, - - 2014
To assess the fetal conus medullaris (CM) position with three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography and its use in detecting and diagnosing spina bifida occulta (SBO). We examined 150 normal fetuses (gestational age, 20-38 weeks) and 14 fetuses with SBO. All fetuses underwent prenatal 3D ultrasonography and the CM position in relation to the ...
Huang Jennifer T JT Dermatology Program, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Ichthyoses comprise a heterogeneous array of skin conditions resulting from impairment of cornification. Although ear structures can be affected, ear-related symptoms have never been investigated in patients with ichthyosis. In this pilot survey study, our aim was to determine the frequency of ear symptoms, hearing loss, and related medical interventions ...
Sato N N Biological Science Laboratories, Kao Corporation, Ichikai, Tochigi, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Despite our understanding that the care of back and buttock skin is important for elderly nursing patients, the stratum corneum (SC) functions of the skin on the trunk of elderly patients have not been well investigated. Methods: Overall, 41 elderly subjects (average age: 75.9 years, 20 male and 21 ...
Oh Jiwon J Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins - - 2014
Spinal cord (SC) pathology is common in multiple sclerosis (MS), and measures of SC-atrophy are increasingly utilized. Normalization reduces biological variation of structural measurements unrelated to disease, but optimal parameters for SC volume (SCV)-normalization remain unclear. Using a variety of normalization factors and clinical measures, we assessed the effect of ...
Kawabe Yuri Y Cardiovascular Epidemiology, Kyoto Women's - - 2014
Aim: To examine the relationship between the type of work and the number of metabolic syndrome diagnostic components(MetS-DC), as well as the risk of MetS, with adjustment for lifestyle habits in Japanese workers. Methods: We examined the baseline data from 4,427 participants(81.4% male) aged 19 to 69 years old. The ...
Barclay Ruth R Department of Physical Therapy, School of Medical Rehabilitation, University of Manitoba, R106-771 McDermot Ave, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E 0T6. Electronic address: - - 2014
To prospectively consider evidence for response shift (RS) in health-related quality of life (HRQL) in older men who experienced stroke or remained stroke free. RS is a change in the meaning of self-evaluation; this includes recalibration, reprioritization, and reconceptualization. A cohort of 3,983 male World War II Royal Canadian Air ...
Cao Xu-Sheng XS Department of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Lab, Beijing, - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate choroidal thickness in patients with idiopathic choroidal neovascularization. Methods: The observational case series study included patients who were consecutively diagnosed with idiopathic unilateral choroidal neovascularization as demonstrated by ophthalmoscopy, fluorescein angiography and enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT). Using EDI-OCT, choroidal thickness was measured at the ...
Durmaz Erdem E Mersin State Hospital, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Mersin, Turkey. E-ma-il: - - 2014
Objective: Bisphenol A (BPA) is an industrial chemical, particularly used to harden plastics. BPA is thought to have negative health effects on both laboratory animals and humans. Consider ing the decline in age of onset of puberty noted in recent years, particularly among girls, the importance of BPA as an ...
Stam Mariska M * Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, section Audiology, VU University Medical Center and EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research , Amsterdam , The - - 2014
Objectives: To investigate the occurrence of 27 chronic medical conditions in a cohort of adults with and without hearing impairment, and to examine the association between these conditions and hearing ability. Design: The National Longitudinal Study on Hearing (NL-SH study) is a large prospective study among adults aged 18 to ...
Aspinall P J PJ University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Smoking is the leading risk factor for disability-adjusted life-years, yet evidence with which to establish the smoking rates of people with different ethnic backgrounds and how they are changing in relation to recent migration is lacking. The objective is to provide current information on the changing risk profiles of the ...
O Dea Jennifer A - - 2014
The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity increased during the 1980s to the late 1990s. The prevalence of obesity is higher in socially and economically disadvantaged communities in most Westernised countries. The purpose of this study was to examine how the socioeconomic gradient in weight status, namely thinness, overweight and ...
Pearce Alan John AJ Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia ; - - 2014
This study investigated corticomotor excitability and inhibition, cognitive functioning and fine motor dexterity in retired elite and amateur Australian football (AF) players, who had sustained concussions during their playing careers. Forty male AF players who played at the elite level (n=20; mean age 49.7 ± 5.7 years) or amateur level ...
Robertson Janet - - 2014
People with intellectual disability have significantly higher age-adjusted rates of mortality and morbidity (including obesity) than their non-disabled peers. They are also significantly less likely to be physically active. Secondary analysis of de-identified cross-sectional data from the first two waves of Understanding Society, a new longitudinal study focusing on the ...
Orishimo Karl F KF Nicholas Institute of Sports Medicine and Athletic Trauma, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York, New York, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:The incidence of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries among dancers is much lower than among team sport athletes, and no clear disparity between sexes has been reported in the dance population. Although numerous studies have observed differences in landing biomechanics of the lower extremity between male and female team sport ...
Lin Jean-Pierre JP Complex Motor Disorders Service, Evelina London Children's Hospital, Guy's & St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, , London, - - 2014
The impact of dystonia in childhood is poorly understood. We report our experience of referrals between 2005 and 2012. Of 294/315 assessable children, 15/294 had pure spasticity, leaving 279/294 with dystonia classified as primary (30/279: 10.7%); primary-plus (19/279: 6.8%) and secondary (230/279: 82.4%) dystonia, including heredodegenerative dystonia (29/279: 10.3%); 150/279 (53.7%) with cerebral palsy ...
Camilon P Ryan PR Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, - - 2014
Objective: To determine if elderly patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) are receiving less treatment and to evaluate the benefit of aggressive therapy in this population. Study Design: Retrospective analysis of a large population database Methods: Patients in the SEER database with OPSCC diagnosed from 2004 to 2009 were ...
Patil Yashwant Pandharinath YP 1J.D.M.V.P. Cooperative Samaj's Arts, Commerce and Science College, Jalgaon, Maharashtra, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate zonal and state-wise prevalence and risk factors of undernutrition among Indian men in the age-group of 15 to 54 years based on sampled data of 74,369 respondents from the National Family Health Survey-3. A common anthropometric measure, body mass index, is used ...
Kar Taner T Department of Ophthalmology, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Uskudar - - - 2014
Purpose: To investigate the effect of chronic cigarette smoking on lens density by Pentacam HR lens densitometry in young adults.Methods: Sixty chronic smokers who smoked at least 10 cigarettes per day for at least 2 years and 60 age- and sex-matched healthy control subjects were included in this prospective cross-sectional, ...
Han Benjamin H BH Division of Geriatric Medicine and Palliative Care, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, BCD612, New York, NY, 10016, USA, - - 2014
Falls are common events that threaten the independence and health of older adults. Studies have found a wide range of fall statistics in different ethnic and racial groups throughout the world. These studies suggest that fall rates may differ between different racial and ethnic groups. Studies also suggest that the ...
Funaki Yukiha Y Orthodontic Science, Department of Orofacial Development and Function, Division of Oral Health Science, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8549, - - 2014
Nasal obstruction during growth changes craniofacial morphology and function. However, the etiological mechanisms of these changes are unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of nasal obstruction during growth on the maturation of the jaw-opening reflex (JOR) using an electrophysiological technique. We focused on the ...
Fumagalli Stefano S ICU, Geriatric Cardiology and Medicine Unit, University of Florence and AOU Careggi, Florence, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Heart failure (HF) is a common condition in elderly patients. Despite great improvements in medical therapy, HF mortality remains high. Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) significantly lengthens the survival rate of subjects with severe HF, but little evidence exists on its effect in elderly persons. Aim of this study was to ...
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