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Malmsten Jonas - - 2014
The moose (Alces alces) is an intensively managed keystone species in Fennoscandia. Several aspects of reproduction in moose have not been fully elucidated, including puberty, timing of mating and oestrus, and the length of the oestrus period. These aspects are relevant for an adaptive management of moose with respect to ...
Dixon J B JB Baker IDI Heart & Diabetes Institute, Melbourne Victoria, - - 2014
The 'obesity paradox' refers to observations that run counter to the thesis that normal weight (BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m(2)) provides the lowest mortality and higher weight is associated with greater mortality. We argue that the weight of lowest mortality is influenced by aging and chronic disease, with mortality advantage extending into the ...
Flannigan Christopher C Paediatric Intensive Care, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham B4 6NH, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine if the revised APLS UK formulae for estimating weight are appropriate for use in the paediatric intensive care population in the United Kingdom. A retrospective observational study involving 10,081 children (5622 male, 4459 female) between the age of term corrected and 15 years, who were admitted to Paediatric ...
Williams Andrew James AJ Institute of Health Services Research, University of Exeter Medical School (formerly Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry), Veysey Building, Salmon Pool Lane, Exeter, Devon EX2 4SG United Kingdom; Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre, Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, St. Luke's Campus, Heavitree Road, Exeter, Devon EX1 2LU United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether there is a differential impact of primary schools upon children's weight status. A repeated cross-sectional study was undertaken using five years (2006/07 - 2010/11) of National Child Measurement Programme data, comprising 57,976 children (aged 4-5 (Reception) and 10-11 (Year 6) years) from 300 primary schools across Devon, ...
Yang Jae Hyuk JH *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Veterans Health Service Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea; †Department of Orthopedics, Scoliosis Research Institute, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea; and ‡Department of Orthopedics, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea. There are two authors with the same name (Jae Hyuk Yang) but these are separate individuals at different - - 2014
To describe the changes in the spinopelvic parameters in weight lifters and evaluate the factors leading to spinal anatomical changes (eg, spondylolysis and listhesis). Case-control study. Tertiary, institutional. The study group participants were practicing weight lifters in the athlete's village of the 2012 London Olympics. A total of 21 elite ...
Jiang Yuzhen Y UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London and Moorfields Eye Hospital , London , UK - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To assess the associations between narrow angle and adult anthropometry. Methods: Chinese adults aged 50 years and older were recruited from a population-based survey in the Liwan District of Guangzhou, China. Narrow angle was defined as the posterior trabecular meshwork not visible under static gonioscopy in at least ...
Crotin Ryan L RL 1Baltimore Orioles, Major League Baseball Club, Baltimore, Maryland 2Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, The College of Education. The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 3Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, - - 2014
Major League baseball players have not been longitudinally examined for changes in physical size. Height, weight, and body mass indices (BMI) were examined among offensive league leaders (OLL) and Major League (MLB) reference cohorts at 1970, 1990, and 2010. Anthropometric values were expected to increase successively, where OLL were expected ...
Poston W S C WS Center for Fire, Rescue and EMS Health Research, Institute for Biobehavioral Health Research, NDRI-MA, NDRI: National Development and Research Institutes, Inc., Leawood, KS 66224, - - 2014
BackgroundObesity is of increasing concern especially among firefighters. Bias in self-reported body weight, height and body mass index (BMI) has received a great deal of attention given its importance in epidemiological field research on obesity.AimsTo determine the validity of self-reported weight, height and BMI and identify potential sources of bias ...
Duchin Ofra O 1 Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2014
Body image dissatisfaction (BID) in school-age children is positively associated with weight status in cross-sectional studies; however, it is uncertain whether BID is a risk factor for the development of adiposity over time. The aim of the present study was to examine the association of BID with changes in BMI ...
Kang Shinae - - 2014
Although body mass index (BMI) is the most widely accepted parameter for defining obesity, recent studies have indicated a unique set of patients who exhibit normal BMI and excess body fat (BF), which is termed as normal weight obesity (NWO). Increased BF is an established risk factor for atherosclerosis. However, ...
Shalaby M E ME Dermatology, Venereology & Andrology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the penile length-somatometric parameters relationship in healthy Egyptian men. Two thousand physically normal men (22-40 years) were subjected to measurement of stretched penile length, glans penis, testis size, index finger, weight, height, span, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference and waist/hip ratio. The mean ...
Santos D A DA Exercise and Health Laboratory, CIPER, Fac Motricidade Humana, Univ Tecn Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal - - - 2014
Aim: Body composition changes among elite athletes may influence competitive performance. This study aimed to characterize the body composition changes at the molecular, cellular, tissue, and whole-body level of analysis in elite junior basketball players during the course of a season. Methods: Twelve males and 11 females (16 to 17 ...
El Hage R R Laboratoire de Physiologie et de Biomécanique de la Performance Motrice Université de Balamand, Al Koura, Liban - - - 2014
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare lumbar spine, total hip, femoral neck, total forearm and 1/3 Radius bone mineral density (BMD) in young female football players and age- and body weight- matched female controls (aged 18 to 30 years). Methods: This study included 18 female football players ...
González-Pisani Ximena X 1 National Patagonian Center (CENPAT-CONICET), Puerto Madryn, Chubut, - - 2014
A comparative analysis of reproductive effort, fecundity, and egg weight was conducted in two species of spider crabs, Leurocyclus tuberculosus and Libinia spinosa, during one-year period. Ovigerous females were collected from Patagonia-Argentina (42°56'S, 64°21'W) and were measured (CW = carapace width). Each egg brood was weighed, dried and the number ...
Gerards Sanne Mpl - - 2014
Parents often fail to correctly perceive their children's weight status, but no studies have examined the association between parental weight status perception and longitudinal BMIz change (BMI standardized to a reference population) at various ages. We investigated whether parents are able to accurately perceive their child's weight status at age ...
Ozaras Nihal N Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Bezmialem Vakif University, 5. Etap Yenikoy Sitesi D22 Daire 1, Basaksehir, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) may result in a loss of spinal mobility. Therefore, evaluation of spinal mobility is an essential part of follow-up of patients with AS. The tragus-to-wall distance (TWD) is one of the four spinal mobility assessment parameters of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index, an index used in ...
Jackson Sarah E SE Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, - - 2014
Objective: To examine the prevalence and demographic predictors of clinically meaningful weight loss in community samples of obese older adults in the USA and the UK. Methods: Data were from obese older adults (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2); age ≥ 52 years), free of a cancer diagnosis, from the Health and ...
Korhonen Päivi H PH Tampere Center for Child Health Research, Tampere University Hospital and University of Tampere, Tampere, - - 2014
Airway inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The aim of the study was to evaluate the inflammatory activity in plasma and exhaled air in very low birth weight (VLBW) BPD survivors at school age. Twenty-one 6-14-year-old former VLBW (birth weight ≤1,500 g) children with severe radiographic BPD ...
Bunout D D Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
Lack of weight gain throughout adult life could mimic the beneficial effects of energy restriction in humans. The present study aimed to assess the effects of weight stability or gain, over a period of 10 years, on telomere length, sirtuin 1 and 6 expression, and carotid intima media thickness. We studied ...
Fredrickson Julia J School of Psychology, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood, Vic, 3125, - - 2014
To determine which measurement of adiposity - standardised body mass index (BMI-z), waist circumference or body fat percentage - is most closely correlated with adolescents' weight perception and whether this differs by gender. Weight and height (used to calculate BMI-z), waist circumference and body fat percentage was measured in 2,278 ...
Joyce John S JS Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, TX, - - 2014
The aim was to test the hypothesis that the pelvic outlet diameter (POD) is associated with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in squirrel monkeys. Magnetic resonance images (MRI) were obtained from 55 females with and without POP. Commercial software was used by two observers to measure the POD. POD, age, parity, ...
Al-Sadoon Mohammed K MK Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, 11451 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The biological reproductive aspects of the worm lizard, Diplometopon zarudnyi, in the Riyadh region of Saudi Arabia, were investigated over a period of 1year. Study of the reproductive cycles of male and female D. zarudnyi revealed that the breeding season is relatively short, since it extends from early April to late ...
Seacat Jason D JD Western New England University, - - 2014
Research focused on assessing weight stigmatization has typically been conducted using cross-sectional, retrospective designs. Such designs may impair the scientific understanding of this stigma by limiting participants' recall of frequencies and/or details about stigmatizing events. To address this, 50 overweight/obese women were recruited from public weight forums to complete week-long ...
Radivojevic Ubavka D UD Department of Human Reproduction, Mother and Child Healthcare Institute "Dr Vukan Cupic," Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exploring the relation between the age, time since menarche, anthropometric parameters and the growth of the uterus and ovaries in postmenarcheal girls. Cross sectional. Department of Human reproduction at a tertiary pediatric referral center. Eight hundred thirty-five adolescent girls. Postmenarcheal girls were classified according to the regularity of their menstrual ...
Hutson A M AM School of Fisheries, Aquaculture, and Aquatic Sciences, Auburn University, AL - - 2014
Head length, head depth, head width, body depth, body width, caudal depth, and caudal width, total length, and body weight were measured for 71 backcross full sibs between the interspecific backcross F1 (female channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus X male blue catfish, I. furcatus) female X blue catfish male. Body measurements ...
Hanć Tomasz T Department of Human Biological Development, Faculty of Biology, Institute of Anthropology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614, Poznan, Poland, - - 2014
Population studies indicate a strong relationship between birth weight (BW) and body size in later life. However, BW as a variable was never accounted for in studies on the relationship between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and overweight. This study aims to assess the relationship between ADHD and overweight with control of ...
Robbins Jessica M JM 1Philadelphia Department of Public Health, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
Objectives. To examine the prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among patients aged 0 to 2 years, and to compare 3 measures of early childhood weight status, weight-for-age, weight-for-length, and body mass index-for-age. Setting. Well-child visits in the Philadelphia Health Centers, public community health centers providing primary health care ...
Koohkan Sadaf - - 2014
In addition to an increased risk for chronic illnesses, obese individuals suffer from social stigmatization and discrimination, and severely obese people may experience greater risk of impaired psychosocial and physical functioning. Lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has been reported among obese persons seeking intensive treatment for their disease. To ...
Espeland Mark A MA Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC 27157. - - 2014
It is unknown whether intentional weight loss provides long-term benefits for cognitive function. An ancillary study to a randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in overweight and obese individuals (N = 978), aged 45-76 years at enrollment, with type 2 diabetes. An intensive behavioral intervention designed to promote and maintain ...
Booth J N JN University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2014
ObjectiveWhile being overweight or obese in adolescence may have detrimental effects on academic attainment, the evidence base is limited by reliance on cross-sectional studies with small sample sizes, failure to take account of confounders, and lack of consideration of potential mediators. The present study aimed to address these limitations and ...
Blanco-Vega Dora D Escuela de Ingenieros Agrónomos de Ciudad Real, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Ronda de Calatrava 7, 13071 Ciudad Real, - - 2014
The content and distribution of low molecular weight red wine pigments (anthocyanins, flavanol-anthocyanins adducts and pyranoanthocyanins) has been analysed in 283 wine samples. A total of 90 red wine pigments were identified and up to 68 of them quantified in most of the wine samples. The content of the different ...
Mumm R R Institute for Biochemistry and Biology, Human Biology, University of Potsdam, Am Neuen Palais 10, 14469, Potsdam, - - 2014
Growth is both a matter of amplitude and tempo. We aimed to develop references for body height, body weight and body mass index (BMI) with respect to tempo of maturity. Data obtained from the German KiGGS study (2003-2006) on body height, body weight and presence or absence of the menarche, ...
Tajima Miki M Department of Health Promotion Science, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of - - 2014
Background: Practicing healthy lifestyle behaviors is a means to prevent metabolic syndrome (MetS), but the effect of changes of various behaviors over a short period is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the influence of changes in 12 behaviors on the development of MetS during 1 ...
Meydan Chanan C Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between age of arrival of male pediatric immigrant populations in Israel and their risk for subsequent high-weight morbidity at adolescence. The study analyzed a pooled cross section of 89,744 foreign-born male Jewish study participants, who were born in the former ...
Gupta Braj Kishor - - 2014
Reproductive biology of an Indian Silurid catfish, Ompok pabda were determined in a moderately impacted tropical River Gomti in India. Samples offish were collected monthly between May 2008 to April 2009 in two zones; upstream site at Mishrikh, Sitapur and midstream site at Lucknow. Length at first maturity calculated through ...
Kingsbury Daniel J DJ Randall Children's Hospital at Legacy Emanuel, Portland, - - 2014
Adalimumab (ADA) is approved for use in moderate to severe juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in patients (pts) ≥4 years (yrs) old in the US, EU, and Japan, and was recently approved in EU for pts aged 2 to <4 yrs old. However, limited data are available in pts <4 yrs ...
Squiers Linda L a RTI International , Washington , District of Columbia , - - 2014
As obesity/overweight has increased in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009 ), studies have found that Americans' perceptions of their own weight often are not aligned with their actual body mass index (BMI; Brener et al., 2004 ; Christakis, 2003; Johnson-Taylor et al., 2008 ). Taylor, ...
Esmaeilzadeh Samad S Education Department, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
It has been recently reported that reaction time (RT) is related to weight status [measured by body mass index (BMI)] in young, adult and older people. However, there is little evidence for children, and the similar studies included small sample of participants. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Ogden Cynthia L CL National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, - - 2014
More than one-third of adults and 17% of youth in the United States are obese, although the prevalence remained stable between 2003-2004 and 2009-2010. To provide the most recent national estimates of childhood obesity, analyze trends in childhood obesity between 2003 and 2012, and provide detailed obesity trend analyses among ...
Frankenfeld C L CL 0000000223180791 Department of Global and Community Health, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, - - 2014
Background/objectives:Studies have observed associations between the gut microbiome and obesity. O-desmethylangolensin (ODMA) and equol are gut bacterial metabolites of daidzein, a compound found in high amounts in soy foods. Approximately 80-95% and 25-60% of individuals harbor gut microbial communities capable of producing ODMA or equol, respectively. Given that other phenotypes ...
Grootveld Laura R LR aDepartment of Public Health bDepartment of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam cPublic Health Service, Amsterdam (GGD Amsterdam), The - - 2014
To investigate the role of body composition (body weight, fat distribution and weight change over time) in ethnic differences in the incidence of hypertension in an ethnic Dutch, South Asian Surinamese and African Surinamese background population living in the Netherlands. We included 361 participants without hypertension at baseline (147 ethnic ...
van de Laar A W AW Department Bariatric Surgery, Slotervaartziekenhuis, Louwesweg 6, 1066 EC, Amsterdam, Netherlands, - - 2014
Percentage alterable weight loss (AWL) is the only known weight loss metric independent of the initial body mass index (BMI), a unique feature ideal for use in weight loss research. AWL was not yet validated. The aim of the study is to validate the AWL metric and to confirm advantages ...
Etemadi Arash A Digestive Oncology Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, - - 2014
We conducted this study to examine life-course body size and physical activity in relation to total and cause-specific mortality, which has not previously been studied in the low and middle-income countries in Asia. The Golestan Cohort Study is a population-based cohort in northeastern Iran in which 50,045 people above the ...
McElroy Jane A JA Family and Community Medicine Department, University of Missouri-Columbia, Missouri. Electronic address: - - 2014
As rates of inactivity in the United States increase, the proportion of adults who are overweight in the United States continues to grow with concurrent increases in risk of weight-related morbidity and mortality. Sparse data are available on physical activity and weight in college-age sexual minority females, and none examine ...
Williams Emily D ED International Centre for Circulatory Health, Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
Weight and health behaviours are known to affect physical disability; however the evidence exploring the impact of changes to these lifestyle factors over the life course on disability is inconsistent. We aimed to explore the roles of weight and activity change between mid and later life on physical disability. Baseline ...
Skrobo Darko D Emergency Department, Cork University Hospital, Cork, - - 2014
In a resuscitation situation involving a child (age 1-15 years) it is crucial to obtain a weight as most interventions and management depend on it. The APLS formula, '2×(age+4)', is taught via the APLS course and is widely used in Irish hospitals. As the prevalence of obesity is increasing the ...
van Jaarsveld Cornelia H M CH Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, England2Division of Health and Social Care Research, King's College London, London, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Identifying early markers of future obesity risk can help target preventive interventions. Several studies have shown that a heartier appetite in infancy is a risk factor for more rapid weight gain, but to date no investigations have been able to rule out familial confounding. OBJECTIVES To use a sibling ...
Helmsmüller Daniela D Small Animal Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Hannover, - - 2014
Weight support patterns vary widely among mammals. Differences in how much of the body weight is supported by the fore- versus the hind-limbs are well documented among and within species. Intraindividual variation due to ontogenetic processes has been studied in several hindlimb-dominated species and consistently showed a caudal shift in ...
Yackobovitch-Gavan M M Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; Institute for Endocrinology and Diabetes, National Center of Childhood Diabetes, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tiqwa, - - 2014
Attrition is a major limitation of most weight management intervention programmes. The present study aimed to conduct an extensive investigation of personal, sociodemographic and treatment-related factors associated with attrition at different stages of a 10-week group weight-loss programme. The present study is part of a longitudinal, clinical intervention study comparing ...
Lee Jenny S W JS The S. H. Ho Center for Gerontology and Geriatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China; Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Weight loss has been considered predictive of early mortality in nursing home residents. Lower body mass index, irrespective of weight loss, has also been considered detrimental for survival in community-dwelling older persons. We examined which of the 2 is more important for survival in nursing home residents and at what ...
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