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Holm-Denoma Jill J a University of - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of including female athletes' weights in athletic event programs on female spectators' body image, eating disorder symptoms, self-esteem, and affective state and to investigate whether the magnitude of the athletes' reported weights had differential effects on female spectators (i.e., do ...
Eisenberg Marla E ME Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota; Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
This study provides updated information regarding the prevalence and characteristics of weight stigma in popular adolescent television programming, using a sample of favorite shows named by diverse adolescents. Participants in a large, population-based study of Minnesota adolescents (N = 2,793, mean age = 14.4) listed their top three favorite television shows. A coding instrument ...
Egan Kathryn B KB Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health; Yale Graduate School of Arts and - - 2014
The aim of this analysis was to examine the association between asthma and general and abdominal weight status, defined by age-specific and sex-specific cut-offs for body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in adolescents. Participants aged 12-19 years in the Young-HUNT (YH) Study (YH1 1995-1997: N=8,222; YH3 2006-2008: N=7,403) ...
Barel O O Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, Israel, affiliated with the Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of fetal sex on the accuracy of multiple formulas for sonographic estimation fetal weight (SEFW). The cohort included all singleton live births recorded at a single medical center from January 2004 to September 2011. The accuracy of SEFW was compared ...
Sobów T T Department of Medical Psychology, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Mild cognitive impairment (MCI), often considered as an early stage of dementia, is heterogeneous, and not all subjects with MCI progress into clinically diagnosed dementia. Low body weight (and body mass index, BMI) as well as losing weight while in MCI stadium have been proposed as possible risk factors of ...
Igado O O OO Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, - - 2014
This study was designed to assess the gross morphometric studies of the tongue, hard palate and buccal cavity of the fruit bat (Eidolon helvum). Sixty bats of both sexes were used for this study. The tongue was excised, and the weight and various linear measurements were determined. Linear measurements were ...
McCormick Emily V EV Denver Public Health, Denver Health, Denver, Colo. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe childhood weight gain using body mass index (BMI) z-score trajectories in a low-income urban safety-net population and identify among gender- and race/ethnicity-specific groups any trends for increased risk. A retrospective cohort study was conducted among 2- to 12-year-old patients (2006-2013) visiting a safety-net provider. BMI z-score trajectories were ...
Roy Mathieu M Health & Social Services Center-University Institute of Geriatrics of Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada - - 2014
We examined longitudinal associations between weight dissatisfaction, weight changes, anorexia of aging, and obesity among 1,793 seniors followed over 4 years between 2003 and 2009. Obesity prevalence (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30) and prevalence/incidence of weight dissatisfaction, anorexia of aging (self-reported appetite loss), and weight changes ≥5% were assessed. ...
Ksepka Daniel T DT National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA - - 2014
Major disparities are recognized between molecular divergence dates and fossil ages for critical nodes in the Tree of Life, but broad patterns and underlying drivers remain elusive. We harvested 458 molecular age estimates for the stem and crown divergences of 67 avian clades to explore empirical patterns between these alternate ...
Fairley Jessica - - 2014
Patellar tendinopathy is a common cause of activity-related anterior knee pain. Evidence is conflicting as to whether obesity is a risk factor for this condition. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between obesity and prevalence of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) defined patellar tendinopathy in community-based adults. ...
Rabin Alon A Ariel University, - - 2014
Context :  Lower extremity movement patterns have been implicated as a risk factor for various knee disorders. Ankle dorsiflexion (DF) range of motion (ROM) has previously been associated with a faulty movement pattern among healthy female participants. Objective :  To determine the association between ankle DF ROM and the quality ...
Votruba Susanne B SB Obesity and Diabetes Clinical Research Section, NIDDK/NIH/DHHS, Phoenix, Arizona, - - 2014
Defining groups of individuals within a larger population with similar patterns of weight change over time may provide insight into influences of weight stability or gain. Latent class growth modeling was used to define subgroups of weight change in adult members of the Gila River Indian Community participating in at ...
Sarrafzadegan Nizal N Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. - - 2014
The extensive rise in the prevalence of obesity is a matter of great concern and poses a global threat to people's health. Obesity and overweight are considered to be the consequence of a collection of conditions including genetic, social, environmental, behavioral, and physical factors. The aim of this study was ...
Qureshi Yasmin Y From the departments of osteopathic principles and practice (Ms Qureshi) and sports medicine (Dr Kusienski) at the Nova Southeastern University College of Osteopathic Medicine in Fort Lauderdale, Florida; the Department of Family Medicine at Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine in Stratford, New Jersey (Dr Luksch); and the Department of Family Medicine at Baton Rouge General Medical Center in Louisiana (Dr Knowles). Student Doctor Bemski is a third-year osteopathic medical student at Nova Southeastern University College of Osteopathic Medicine - - 2014
Somatic dysfunctions of the pelvis, sacrum, and lumbar spine are common. Their association with leg length discrepancies has been observed; however, it is unclear which dysfunctions lead to mild changes in leg length or weight bearing distribution in asymptomatic individuals. To determine which somatic dysfunctions of the pelvic, sacral, and ...
Gennuso Keith P KP Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 507A Warf Office Building, 610 Walnut ST, Madison, WI 53726, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether smokers' physical activity is related to weight change following a quit attempt. Method: Data were analyzed for participants (n=683) of a randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of different smoking cessation pharmacotherapies (Wisconsin, 2005-2008). Activity (assessed via pedometry) and body weight were measured in the days surrounding ...
Som Nivedita N Indian Statistical Institute,Biological Anthropology Unit,203 Barrackpore Trunk Road,Kolkata - - 2014
To assess the associations of body weight and body shape concerns and related behaviours with actual weight status among urban adolescent girls. In the present cross-sectional study, a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on body weight and body shape concerns and related behaviours. Sociodemographic information was collected using ...
Richmond T K TK Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Surveillance data describing the weight status of the U.S. population often rely on self-reported height and weight, despite likely differences in reporting accuracy by demographics. Our objective was to determine if there were racial/ethnic differences in accuracy of self-reported Body Mass Index (BMI) in a diverse nationally representative sample of ...
Pate Russell R RR 1Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Columbia, - - 2014
Nearly 70% of adult Americans are overweight or obese, but the associations between physical activity, diet quality, and weight status have not been examined in a representative sample of U.S. adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), diet quality, and weight ...
Santos Priscilla de Nazaré Silva Dos PD * Human Reproduction Unit of the Department of Obstetrics and - - 2014
Objectives To evaluate weight gain and body composition (BC) in new users of depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) as a contraceptive. Methods This cohort study followed up 20 DMPA users and 20 copper intrauterine device (TCu380A IUD) users, paired for age (± 1 year) and body mass index (BMI ± 1 kg/m(2)), ...
Rossi Camila Elizandra CE Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Chapecó, Santa Catarina, - - 2014
Being born heavier than 4 kg is associated with current overweight and obesity over the long term. The objective here was to ascertain whether birth weight was related to overweight or obese status, among 7 to 14-year-old schoolchildren, taking into consideration the possible interactions between socioeconomic factors and other biological ...
Silverman Irwin W IW Department of Psychology, Bowling Green State University , Bowling Green, OH , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To determine whether grip strength changed on average over recent decades at each of two age levels (children and adolescents versus adults) in Canada and the US. Methods: For each sex, weighted least squares regression analyses were performed on mean grip strength values as reported in studies conducted ...
Kalra Bhawna B Department of Genetics, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak 124001, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sex-specific-differences are a widespread source of genetic variation in various Drosophila species. In the present study, we have examined desiccation survival in males and females of Drosophila hydei from colder and drier montane conditions of western Himalayas (altitudinal populations; 600-2202m). In contrast with most other studies in drosophilids, D. hydei ...
Prince Nicholas J NJ Respiratory Critical Care and Anaesthesia Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, WC1N 1EH, UK, - - 2014
To determine whether the paediatric intensive care (PIC) population weight distribution differs from the UK reference population and whether weight-for-age at admission is an independent risk factor for mortality. Admission weight-for-age standard deviation scores (SDS) were calculated for all PIC admissions (March 2003-December 2011) to Great Ormond Street Hospital: this ...
de Farias Jucá Adriana A Escola de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Av. Adhemar de Barros, 500, 40170-110, Salvador, BA, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate sex, the number of lambs per birth, and the family effects on production traits in the Santa Ines breed of sheep by estimating the least square means and coefficient of variance for those traits. A total of 484 lambs were evaluated for the following traits: ...
Bassareo P P PP Department of Medical Sciences "M. Aresu", University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy - - - 2014
Intrauterine growth retardation and prematurity at birth constitute risk factors for future cardiovascular adverse events. Some previous reports have highlighted that subjects born preterm may develop peripheral arterial dysfunction. However, central (aortic) arterial distensibility has not yet been fully investigated in these subjects. Sixty subjects were enrolled: thirty were high ...
Mehta Neil K NK From the aEmory University, Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA; bNational Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Department of Health, Functional Capacity and Welfare, Turku/Helsinki, Finland; cUniversity of Turku, Department of Public Health, Turku, Finland; and dUniversity of Pennsylvania, Population Studies Center, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Many studies use information on weight histories to examine the association between body weight and mortality. A recent paper in Epidemiology (2013;24:158-166) developed a typology of the most common weight-history specifications. We use data from a sample of Finnish adults to explore the associations of body weight and mortality, using ...
Rank Melanie M Department of Prevention, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL), body mass index (BMI), physical activity, and sedentary behavior at 24 months after an inpatient weight-loss program and to examine correlations between changes in HRQOL and BMI or physical activity. This prospective study included 707 overweight and obese individuals (mean age, 14 ± 2 years; ...
Lahat Ayelet A McMaster - - 2014
Although infants born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; birth weight < 1000 g) are at increased risk for developing later psychopathology, the mechanisms contributing to this association are largely unknown. In the present study, we examined a putative cognitive link to psychopathology in a cohort of ELBW survivors. These ...
Howe Laura D LD aMRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit at the University of Bristol, UK bSchool of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol cNational Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
Small size at birth and greater BMI in childhood are associated with greater brachial blood pressure (BP) in later life. Aortic (central) BP differs from brachial BP and is more predictive of organ damage and cardiovascular events; the relationship between BMI in childhood and central BP is not known. Using ...
Escobar-Molina Raquel R Department of Physical Education and Sports, Structure and Processes Involved in Sports Interaction Research Group, University of Granada, Granada, - - 2014
This study aimed at comparing weight loss methods [WLM] performed near competition by elite judo athletes from different age and gender groups, and relating WLM with the prevalence of eating disorders. 144 athletes (66 females and 78 males) from the Spanish judo teams participated in this observational descriptive study grouped ...
Xu Hong H Department of Forensic Medicine, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515031, - - 2014
Necrophagous flies, comprising the first wave of insects present in a cadaver, provide a great potential for more accurate determination of the late postmortem interval (PMI) based on their age. Cuticular hydrocarbons (CHs) are a promising age indicator in some insect species, especially for the larvae of necrophagous flies. Gas ...
Dammer U U Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Erlangen University Hospital, - - 2014
Purpose: To determine the accuracy of sonographic weight estimation (WE) for small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses, and to further differentiate the evaluation between symmetric and asymmetric SGA fetuses. Materials and Methods: The accuracy of WE in SGA fetuses (nā€Š=ā€Š898) was evaluated using 14 sonographic models and was further differentiated between symmetric (nā€Š=ā€Š750) ...
Shah Ravi V RV Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Impact of weight loss on cardiac structure has not been extensively investigated in large, multi-ethnic, community-based populations. We investigated the longitudinal impact of weight loss on cardiac structure by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). 2351 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) who underwent CMR at Exam 1 (2002) and ...
Su Tin Tin TT Centre for Population Health (CePH), Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity and lack of physical activity is fast becoming a concern among Malaysian adolescents. This study aims to assess physical activity levels among Malaysian adolescents and investigate the association between physical activity levels and body composition such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and percentage of body fat. ...
Martin J N JN Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, 79409, - - 2014
Mechanical portioning tests were performed on beef rib, strip loin, tenderloin, and top sirloin subprimals obtained from calf-fed Holstein steers in order to characterize the influence of zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH), ractopamine hydrochloride (RH), or no-beta adrenergic agonist (βAA; CON) on subprimal and steak yield. In addition, βAA effects on tenderness, ...
Martínez Airín D - - 2014
Studies suggest that US Latinos have a higher prevalence of obesity than White Americans. However, obesity may differ by pre-immigration factors and Latinos' cultural representations of ideal body image. This paper explores whether country of origin's stage in the nutrition transition is related to Latino immigrants' BMI category and self-perception ...
Van Dyck D D 1] Research Foundation Flanders, Brussels, Belgium [2] Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, - - 2014
Background:Physical activity (PA) has been consistently implicated in the etiology of obesity, while recent evidence on the importance of sedentary time remains inconsistent. Understanding of dose-response associations of PA and sedentary time with overweight and obesity in adults can be improved with large-scale studies using objective measures of PA and ...
Lee Yunhwan Y Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of - - 2014
Background: Frailty and body mass index (BMI) are known to be predictive of late life mortality, but little is known about the combined effects of frailty and BMI on mortality. Objective: This study investigated the influence of frailty status and BMI category on mortality in older adults. Methods: Data were ...
Vitello Sarah S Department of Emergency Medicine, Good Samaritan Hospital Medical Center, West Islip, New - - 2014
To provide an epidemiological description of radial head subluxation, also known as nursemaid's elbow, from a database of emergency department visits. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of patients 6 years of age and younger, who presented to the ED between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2012, and ...
Iqbal Muhammad M Muhammad Iqbal, Khalid A Al-Regaiey, Department of Physiology, College of Medicine & King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, P O Box 2925, Riyadh 11461, Saudi - - 2014
To determine an association between body composition analysis and physical fitness in the Saudi population and derive gender specific physical fitness equations. A total of 530 healthy Saudi adults aged 15-72 years (mean 37.16±14.12 years) were enrolled in this study. Body composition analysis was assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), ...
Berger K A - - 2014
Laboratory studies have shown clear relationships between relative humidity (RH) and the activity and survival of Ixodes scapularis Say (blacklegged tick). However, field studies have produced conflicting results. We examined this relationship using weekly tick count totals and hourly RH observations at three field sites, stratified by latitude, within the ...
Soltani Akbar A Endocrinology & Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
Osteoporosis is a common health concern in both developed and developing countries. In this study the association between anthropometric measures and osteoporosis was investigated in 3630 males and females visiting BMD clinic of Shariati Hospital, Tehran, Iran, a teaching hospital and referral center for osteoporosis affiliated to the Tehran University ...
Jalayondeja Wattana - - 2014
To determine the relationship between respiratory muscle strength and age, sex, height and weight. Maximal inspiratory mouth pressure (MIP) and maximal expiratory mouth pressure (MEP) were assessed in 249 subjects aged 30-70 years using a mouth pressure meter MIP was performed 10 times at residual volume, whereas MEP was performed ...
iengkaew Vimonwan - - 2014
To compare difficulty between male and female community-living elderly in performing activities (DDA), ability in performing living activities (ADA) and balance, and to explore associations among them related to age, weight, height and body mass index (BMI). In all, 1,964 participants (646 men, 1,318 women) aged 60 or over reported ...
Peter Raphael Simon RS Agency for Preventive and Social Medicine, Bregenz, Austria; Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, Ulm University, Ulm, - - 2014
To quantify changes in height, weight and their compound effect on the body mass index (BMI) in a large cohort of Central-European men and women. The Vorarlberg health monitoring and prevention program (VHM&PP) is a population-based risk factor surveillance program in Vorarlberg. Data of health examinations during January 1985 to ...
Bjerregaard L G LG Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, The Capital Region, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Background:Weight and weight gain throughout infancy are related to later obesity, but whether the strength of the associations varies during the infancy period is uncertain.Aims:Our aims were to identify the period of infancy when change in body weight has the strongest association with adult body mass index (BMI) and also ...
Albert Mark V MV Center for Bionic Medicine, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA; Department of Computer Science, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; Max Nader Center for Rehabilitation Technologies and Outcomes Research, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this feasibility study is to assess the mobility of individuals with transfemoral amputations using data collected from a popular, consumer-oriented activity monitor (Fitbit). Observational cohort study. Research hospital outpatient evaluation¬¬¬. Nine subjects with transfemoral amputations (4F/5M, ages 21-64). Medicare Functional Assessments (K-level): seven K3, one K2, and ...
Vanden Bosch Melodee L ML Grand Valley State University, Kirkhof College of Nursing, Grand Rapids, MI. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined personal, cognitive, affective, and behavioral variables related to body mass index (BMI) among 73 6th and 7th grade girls, and differences between categories of healthy weight, overweight, and obese in the variables. BMI was correlated with barriers to physical activity, enjoyment of physical activity, light physical activity, ...
Esteban-Cornejo I I Department of Physical Education, Sports and Human Movement, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
Unhealthy body composition is a cause for concern across the lifespan. The objective of this study was to examine the independent and combined associations between neonatal and current body composition with academic performance among youth. This cross-sectional study was conducted with a total of 1557 youth (745 girls) aged 10.4 ± 3.4 years. ...
McCormack Gavin R GR Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Higher levels of sedentary behavior are associated with adverse health outcomes. Over-reliance on private motor vehicles for transportation is a potential contributor to the obesity epidemic. The objective of this study was to review evidence on the relationship between motor vehicle travel distance and time and weight status among adults. ...
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