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Ksepka Daniel T DT National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA - - 2014
Major disparities are recognized between molecular divergence dates and fossil ages for critical nodes in the Tree of Life, but broad patterns and underlying drivers remain elusive. We harvested 458 molecular age estimates for the stem and crown divergences of 67 avian clades to explore empirical patterns between these alternate ...
Silverman Irwin W IW Department of Psychology, Bowling Green State University , Bowling Green, OH , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To determine whether grip strength changed on average over recent decades at each of two age levels (children and adolescents versus adults) in Canada and the US. Methods: For each sex, weighted least squares regression analyses were performed on mean grip strength values as reported in studies conducted ...
Prince Nicholas J NJ Respiratory Critical Care and Anaesthesia Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, WC1N 1EH, UK, - - 2014
To determine whether the paediatric intensive care (PIC) population weight distribution differs from the UK reference population and whether weight-for-age at admission is an independent risk factor for mortality. Admission weight-for-age standard deviation scores (SDS) were calculated for all PIC admissions (March 2003-December 2011) to Great Ormond Street Hospital: this ...
Kalra Bhawna B Department of Genetics, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak 124001, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sex-specific-differences are a widespread source of genetic variation in various Drosophila species. In the present study, we have examined desiccation survival in males and females of Drosophila hydei from colder and drier montane conditions of western Himalayas (altitudinal populations; 600-2202m). In contrast with most other studies in drosophilids, D. hydei ...
de Farias Jucá Adriana A Escola de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Av. Adhemar de Barros, 500, 40170-110, Salvador, BA, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate sex, the number of lambs per birth, and the family effects on production traits in the Santa Ines breed of sheep by estimating the least square means and coefficient of variance for those traits. A total of 484 lambs were evaluated for the following traits: ...
Bassareo P P PP Department of Medical Sciences "M. Aresu", University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy - - - 2014
Intrauterine growth retardation and prematurity at birth constitute risk factors for future cardiovascular adverse events. Some previous reports have highlighted that subjects born preterm may develop peripheral arterial dysfunction. However, central (aortic) arterial distensibility has not yet been fully investigated in these subjects. Sixty subjects were enrolled: thirty were high ...
Mehta Neil K NK From the aEmory University, Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA; bNational Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Department of Health, Functional Capacity and Welfare, Turku/Helsinki, Finland; cUniversity of Turku, Department of Public Health, Turku, Finland; and dUniversity of Pennsylvania, Population Studies Center, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Many studies use information on weight histories to examine the association between body weight and mortality. A recent paper in Epidemiology (2013;24:158-166) developed a typology of the most common weight-history specifications. We use data from a sample of Finnish adults to explore the associations of body weight and mortality, using ...
Rank Melanie M Department of Prevention, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL), body mass index (BMI), physical activity, and sedentary behavior at 24 months after an inpatient weight-loss program and to examine correlations between changes in HRQOL and BMI or physical activity. This prospective study included 707 overweight and obese individuals (mean age, 14 ± 2 years; ...
Lahat Ayelet A McMaster - - 2014
Although infants born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; birth weight < 1000 g) are at increased risk for developing later psychopathology, the mechanisms contributing to this association are largely unknown. In the present study, we examined a putative cognitive link to psychopathology in a cohort of ELBW survivors. These ...
Howe Laura D LD aMRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit at the University of Bristol, UK bSchool of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol cNational Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
Small size at birth and greater BMI in childhood are associated with greater brachial blood pressure (BP) in later life. Aortic (central) BP differs from brachial BP and is more predictive of organ damage and cardiovascular events; the relationship between BMI in childhood and central BP is not known. Using ...
Escobar-Molina Raquel R Department of Physical Education and Sports, Structure and Processes Involved in Sports Interaction Research Group, University of Granada, Granada, - - 2014
This study aimed at comparing weight loss methods [WLM] performed near competition by elite judo athletes from different age and gender groups, and relating WLM with the prevalence of eating disorders. 144 athletes (66 females and 78 males) from the Spanish judo teams participated in this observational descriptive study grouped ...
Dammer U U Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Erlangen University Hospital, - - 2014
Purpose: To determine the accuracy of sonographic weight estimation (WE) for small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses, and to further differentiate the evaluation between symmetric and asymmetric SGA fetuses. Materials and Methods: The accuracy of WE in SGA fetuses (nā€Š=ā€Š898) was evaluated using 14 sonographic models and was further differentiated between symmetric (nā€Š=ā€Š750) ...
Shah Ravi V RV Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Impact of weight loss on cardiac structure has not been extensively investigated in large, multi-ethnic, community-based populations. We investigated the longitudinal impact of weight loss on cardiac structure by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). 2351 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) who underwent CMR at Exam 1 (2002) and ...
Su Tin Tin TT Centre for Population Health (CePH), Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity and lack of physical activity is fast becoming a concern among Malaysian adolescents. This study aims to assess physical activity levels among Malaysian adolescents and investigate the association between physical activity levels and body composition such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and percentage of body fat. ...
Martin J N JN Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, 79409, - - 2014
Mechanical portioning tests were performed on beef rib, strip loin, tenderloin, and top sirloin subprimals obtained from calf-fed Holstein steers in order to characterize the influence of zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH), ractopamine hydrochloride (RH), or no-beta adrenergic agonist (βAA; CON) on subprimal and steak yield. In addition, βAA effects on tenderness, ...
Martínez Airín D - - 2014
Studies suggest that US Latinos have a higher prevalence of obesity than White Americans. However, obesity may differ by pre-immigration factors and Latinos' cultural representations of ideal body image. This paper explores whether country of origin's stage in the nutrition transition is related to Latino immigrants' BMI category and self-perception ...
Van Dyck D D 1] Research Foundation Flanders, Brussels, Belgium [2] Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, - - 2014
Background:Physical activity (PA) has been consistently implicated in the etiology of obesity, while recent evidence on the importance of sedentary time remains inconsistent. Understanding of dose-response associations of PA and sedentary time with overweight and obesity in adults can be improved with large-scale studies using objective measures of PA and ...
Lee Yunhwan Y Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of - - 2014
Background: Frailty and body mass index (BMI) are known to be predictive of late life mortality, but little is known about the combined effects of frailty and BMI on mortality. Objective: This study investigated the influence of frailty status and BMI category on mortality in older adults. Methods: Data were ...
Vitello Sarah S Department of Emergency Medicine, Good Samaritan Hospital Medical Center, West Islip, New - - 2014
To provide an epidemiological description of radial head subluxation, also known as nursemaid's elbow, from a database of emergency department visits. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of patients 6 years of age and younger, who presented to the ED between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2012, and ...
Peter Raphael Simon RS Agency for Preventive and Social Medicine, Bregenz, Austria; Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, Ulm University, Ulm, - - 2014
To quantify changes in height, weight and their compound effect on the body mass index (BMI) in a large cohort of Central-European men and women. The Vorarlberg health monitoring and prevention program (VHM&PP) is a population-based risk factor surveillance program in Vorarlberg. Data of health examinations during January 1985 to ...
Bjerregaard L G LG Institute of Preventive Medicine, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, The Capital Region, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Background:Weight and weight gain throughout infancy are related to later obesity, but whether the strength of the associations varies during the infancy period is uncertain.Aims:Our aims were to identify the period of infancy when change in body weight has the strongest association with adult body mass index (BMI) and also ...
Albert Mark V MV Center for Bionic Medicine, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA; Department of Computer Science, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; Max Nader Center for Rehabilitation Technologies and Outcomes Research, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this feasibility study is to assess the mobility of individuals with transfemoral amputations using data collected from a popular, consumer-oriented activity monitor (Fitbit). Observational cohort study. Research hospital outpatient evaluation¬¬¬. Nine subjects with transfemoral amputations (4F/5M, ages 21-64). Medicare Functional Assessments (K-level): seven K3, one K2, and ...
Vanden Bosch Melodee L ML Grand Valley State University, Kirkhof College of Nursing, Grand Rapids, MI. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined personal, cognitive, affective, and behavioral variables related to body mass index (BMI) among 73 6th and 7th grade girls, and differences between categories of healthy weight, overweight, and obese in the variables. BMI was correlated with barriers to physical activity, enjoyment of physical activity, light physical activity, ...
Esteban-Cornejo I I Department of Physical Education, Sports and Human Movement, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
Unhealthy body composition is a cause for concern across the lifespan. The objective of this study was to examine the independent and combined associations between neonatal and current body composition with academic performance among youth. This cross-sectional study was conducted with a total of 1557 youth (745 girls) aged 10.4 ± 3.4 years. ...
McCormack Gavin R GR Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Higher levels of sedentary behavior are associated with adverse health outcomes. Over-reliance on private motor vehicles for transportation is a potential contributor to the obesity epidemic. The objective of this study was to review evidence on the relationship between motor vehicle travel distance and time and weight status among adults. ...
Pierog Anne A *Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition †Division of Pediatric Surgery ‡Division of Neonatology §Mailman School of Public Health ||Division of Clinical Genetics ¶Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Columbia University, New York, - - 2014
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors often have gastrointestinal disorders and limited outcome data exist. This study reviewed risk factors for low weight and use of feeding tubes after CDH repair at 1 year of age. The hypothesis was that patients who required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) or with significant pulmonary ...
Atkinson Emily C EC *Laboratory of Immunoregulation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD †DNA Repair Section, Dermatology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
Trichothiodystrophy (TTD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of DNA repair and transcription. Patients have multisystem abnormalities including alterations in growth and development. This report characterizes the growth and nutritional status of a cohort of children with TTD. Twenty-five patients with TTD were evaluated through a natural history study of ...
Heltshe Sonya L SL Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Therapeutics Development Network, Seattle Children's Hospital Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98145, United States; University of Washington School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Seattle, WA 98195, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
CF infants often do not grow as expected which adversely affects later clinical outcomes, thus sensitive early measures of growth deficiency are important. This study compared attained growth for age with velocity standards to determine which better predicts growth deficits at 24months of age. Growth deficiency in infancy based on ...
Perez-Leighton Claudio C Center for Integrative Medicine and Innovative Science, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile; Escuela de Nutricion, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address: - - 2014
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a chronic eating disorder affecting females and males, defined by body weight loss, higher physical activity levels and restricted food intake. Currently, the commonalities and differences between genders in etiology of AN are not well understood. Animal models of AN, such as activity-based anorexia (ABA), can ...
Fong Alex A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California, Irvine Medical Center, Orange, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess an early hemoglobin A1c (HgbA1c) from 5.7-6.4% as an early predictor of progression to gestational diabetes (GDM). A retrospective cohort study was performed on all subjects who delivered at a single institution over 2 years who had an early screening HgbA1c performed at < 20 weeks. Subjects with ...
Howe Cheryl A CA School of Applied Health Sciences and Wellness, Ohio University, Athens, - - 2014
Although promoted for weight loss, especially in young adults, it has yet to be determined if the physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) and intensity of the newest active video games (AVG) qualifies as moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA; >3.0 METs). This study compared the PAEE and intensity of AVG to traditional seated ...
Brito E E Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Center, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, - - 2014
To examine the effects of a diabetes prevention programme on weight-specific Quality of Life (QOL) in obese Latino youth. Fifteen obese Latino adolescents (body mass index % = 96.4 ± 1.2; age = 15.0 ± 1.0) completed a 12-week culturally grounded, community-based intervention designed to improve physical and psychosocial health. Weight-specific QOL was assessed by the Youth Quality ...
Rantakokko Panu - - 2014
Humans are exposed to tributyltin (TBT), previously used as an antifouling paint in ships, mainly through fish consumption. As TBT is a known obesogen, we studied the association of placenta TBT and other organotin compounds (OTCs) with ponderal index (PI) and growth during the first 18 months of life in ...
Motz R R Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Elisabeth Children's Hospital, Klinikum Oldenburg, Rahel-Straus-Strasse 10, 26133, Oldenburg, Germany, - - 2014
Looking after children means caring for very small infants up to adult-sized adolescents, with weights ranging from 500 g to more than 100 kg and heights ranging from 25 to more than 200 cm. The available echocardiographic reference data were drawn from a small sample, which did not include preterm ...
Dhurandhar Emily J EJ From the Department of Health Behavior, School of Public Health (EJD); the Office of Energetics, Nutrition Obesity Research Center, Department of Nutrition Sciences, School of Public Health and School of Health Professions (JD, A Alcorn, and DBA); and the Division of Preventative Medicine, School of Medicine (JMS), University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL; The OPUS Centre, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (LHL and A Astrup); the Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes (EAT) and the Department of Pediatrics, Anshutz Medical Campus (MC and JOH), University of Colorado Denver, Denver, CO; the Nutrition and Weight Management Center, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA (ACB and CMA); and the New York Obesity Research Center, Columbia University, New York, NY - - 2014
Breakfast is associated with lower body weight in observational studies. Public health authorities commonly recommend breakfast consumption to reduce obesity, but the effectiveness of adopting these recommendations for reducing body weight is unknown.OBJECTIVE: We tested the relative effectiveness of a recommendation to eat or skip breakfast on weight loss in ...
Kakinami Lisa L Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two thirds of the U.S. population is overweight or obese, but those living in poverty are disproportionately affected. Although 30%-50% of Americans report currently trying to lose weight, some strategies may be counterproductive. Little is known about how income may be associated with weight-loss strategies. This study aims to determine ...
Lents C A CA USDA, ARS, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE 68933-0166 - - 2014
Direct selection for uterine capacity (UC) increased the number of live pigs born. A method to indirectly estimate UC in developing gilts is needed for this trait to be incorporated into commercial selection strategies. We tested the hypothesis that selection for UC alters phenotypic characteristics of the reproductive tract of ...
Yamaguchi Junichi J Chiba City Public Health Center, Chiba 261-8755, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to clarify, through a prospective study, the relationship between leptin and adiponectin levels, and subsequent weight change. The study subjects were 2,485 male office workers aged 35-64 employed by a company in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Of these men, 1,936 (77.9%) received health check-ups both ...
Dalton William T WT 3rd From the Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences, the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology and the Department of Community and Behavioral Health, College of Public Health, and the Department of Pediatrics, Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to examine potential differences between two approaches to defining adolescent weight misperception. Specifically, weight status perception was compared with self-reported weight status and actual weight status (based on body mass index percentiles calculated from self-reported and actual weights and heights, respectively). Furthermore, the accuracy ...
Camerlink I I Adaptation Physiology Group, Wageningen University, PO Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre, Wageningen University, PO Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands - - 2014
Intensively reared piglets may face many early life challenges and these may affect behavior. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between piglets' early life circumstances and their behavioral response in a backtest. Hereto, 992 piglets of 14 d of age were subjected to a backtest, in ...
Aguilar-Martínez Alicia A Department of Health Sciences, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Barcelona, - - 2014
We conducted a systematic review of the literature on the use of mobile phones for weight loss. A total of 43 studies were identified on obese or overweight adults, aged 18 years or over. After review, ten articles met the inclusion criteria. There were 19-534 participants per study. Participants were ...
Whitney Darryl C DC McClure Musculoskeletal Research Center, Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, Vermont, - - 2014
The morphometric characteristics of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the femoral intercondylar notch within which it resides have been implicated as risk factors for injuries to this important stabilizer of the knee. Prior research has produced equivocal results with differing methodologies, and consequently, it is unclear how these characteristics ...
Powell-Wiley Tiffany M TM Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Branch, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institutes, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892; Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20850. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine relationship between neighborhood-level socioeconomic deprivation and weight change in a multi-ethnic cohort from Dallas County, Texas and whether behavioral/psychosocial factors attenuate the relationship. Non-movers(those in the same neighborhood throughout the study period) aged 18-65(N=939) in Dallas Heart Study(DHS) underwent weight measurements between 2000-2009(median 7-year follow-up). Geocoded home addresses ...
Ohara Kumiko K Graduate School of Human Development and Environment, Kobe University, 3-11 Tsurukabuto, Nada, Kobe, Hyogo, 657-8501, - - 2014
We investigated the relationship between eating behavior measured by the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (DEBQ) and perception of body shape, examining the current physical status and 'ideal' physical parameters in females and males. The participants, 548 Japanese university students (age 19.2 ± 0.9 years, mean ± SD; 252 males, 296 females), completed a questionnaire which ...
Knowles Gemma G 1Department of Public Health,Epidemiology and Biostatistics,University of - - 2014
To determine the potential predictors of body size dissatisfaction in Chinese children. The Child's Body Image Scale was used to assess body size perception and dissatisfaction. BMI was calculated from objectively measured height and weight. Predictors of body size dissatisfaction were examined by logistic regression analysis. Hong Kong, China. Six ...
Steer Colin D CD Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of - - 2014
To examine the influence of intrauterine environment on subsequent bone development, we investigated the relationship between birth weight and cortical bone parameters, and the role of puberty, bone resorption and insulin as possible mediators. Bone outcomes were obtained from mid-tibial pQCT scans performed at age 15.5years in 1960 males and ...
Rendall Michael S MS Michael S. Rendall is with the Department of Sociology, University of Maryland, College Park. Margaret M. Weden, Christopher Lau, and Peter Brownell are with RAND, Santa Monica, CA. Zafar Nazarov is with the Department of Economics, Purdue University, Fort Wayne, IN. Meenakshi Fernandes is with the World Food Programme, Rome, - - 2014
Objectives. We evaluated bias in estimated obesity prevalence owing to error in parental reporting. We also evaluated bias mitigation through application of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's biologically implausible value (BIV) cutoffs. Methods. We simulated obesity prevalence of children aged 2 to 5 years in 2 panel surveys after ...
Jayawardene Wasantha W 1 Department of Applied Health Science, Indiana University , Bloomington, - - 2014
Abstract Background: The accuracy and reliability of self-reported height and weight among adolescents in the process of calculating BMI is usually subject to bias. The aim of this study was to determine whether over- and under-reporting of self-reported height and weight existed among US high school students by weight category; ...
Sutin Angelina R AR Florida State University College of Medicine, Tallahassee, Florida, - - 2014
Perceived weight discrimination has been linked to health outcomes, including risk of obesity. Less is known about how discrimination is associated with intermediate physiological markers of health, such as systemic inflammation. This research examined the association between weight discrimination and C-reactive protein (CRP) and whether it varied by participants' body ...
Jelenkovic Aline A Department of Genetics, Physical Anthropology and Animal Physiology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Leioa, Spain; IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao, Spain; Department of Public Health, Hjelt Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
In many mammal species with sexual dimorphism producing sons is energetically more demanding to the mother than producing daughters. Although some studies in humans have suggested that offspring born after a brother have a smaller birth weight and adult height when compared with those born after a sister, little is ...
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