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Results 401 - 450 of 2274
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Abu Ghazaleh Lara Alex - - 2013
Obesity forms a growing challenge in medicine worldwide. In Jordan, the obese and the overweight population form 49.7% of the total population. The latest national male to female ratio in Jordan is 1:1.06. There is a relation between obesity and renal stone formation. This study is conducted to study the ...
Murawska Daria - - 2013
The parts of carcasses of slaughtered animals that are not intended for human consumption are referred to as inedible components. The total percentage of edible to inedible components in the carcasses of different poultry species is an important economic consideration. The objective of this study was to determine the effect ...
McGregor Ba - - 2013
To investigate the effects of the timing and duration of eruption of the first permanent incisors, live weight, sex and other factors on contemporaneous live weight gain in Angora goats. Goats were previously part of a pen study on the effects of energy intake of Angora does during pregnancy and ...
Wu Chiung-Hui - - 2013
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess risk factors for dystocia-related cesarean section (CS) in uncomplicated Taiwanese nulliparas at term METHODS: We reviewed 1,272 deliveries by 1 obstetrician in a Taiwanese hospital between February 2004 and December 2011. These parturients were nulliparas with singleton pregnancies ≥37 weeks gestation who had liveborn cephalic deliveries. ...
Quiroz-Olguín Gabriela - - 2013
Introduction: Body weight measurement is of critical importance when evaluating the nutritional status of patients entering a hospital. In some situations, such as the case of patients who are bedridden or in wheelchairs, these measurements cannot be obtained using standardized methods. We have designed and validated a formula for predicting ...
Soltani Parvaneh Reza - - 2013
Overweight and obesity is becoming an increasingly prevalent problem in both developed and developing world, and is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21(st) century. Although various studies demonstrated pediatric obesity-related factors, but, due to its ongoing hazardous effects, researchers aimed to assess obesity-related factors in ...
McManus Shilpa S SS Pediatric Endocrine Unit, MassGeneral Hospital for Children and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, - - 2013
To characterize polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents and determine whether a distinct clinical presentation differentiates normal-weight (NW) from overweight (OW) PCOS. Retrospective chart review of patients seen in a tertiary care center from 1998-2008 who met the National Institutes of Health and/or Rotterdam criteria for PCOS (N = 211; ...
Sinha Manasi M Pediatric Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2013
Weight loss surgery is an increasingly common treatment option for obese adolescents, but data are limited regarding the metabolic effects of surgical weight loss procedures. We performed a retrospective review of the electronic medical record to determine metabolic outcomes for 24 adolescents and young adults ages 15 to 22 years ...
Chang Moon Jong - - 2013
The objective of this retrospective review of 466 patients was to document changes in limb length, leg length discrepancy (LLD), height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) 1year after TKA and the patterns of height, weight, and BMI during 5years. To determine change patterns over 5years, the data of 291 ...
Tamura Bruce K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Weight loss and poor nutrition are important quality measures in long term care. Long term care professionals need to identify factors associated with weight loss and poor nutrition to target high-risk patients. METHODS: The authors systematically searched Medline and CINAHL databases and included English language studies with more than ...
Sutin Angelina R - - 2013
Reciprocal relations between weight and psychological factors suggest that there are deep connections between mind and body. Personality traits are linked to weight gain; weight gain may likewise be associated with personality change. Using data from two diverse longitudinal samples (N = 1,919) collected at two time points an average ...
Sijtsma Anna - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Movement by an infant during the first year of life might influence its activity level and thereby influence growth in early childhood. AIM: To examine whether the time that an infant is able to move unrestrictedly and time spent in baby seats are related to weight and waist circumference ...
Saito Isao - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The association of adiponectin levels with cardiovascular disease (CVD) may vary by age and health condition. It is unknown whether adiponectin predicts CVD events among individuals with high blood glucose levels. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study among 15,566 men and women aged 40-85 years from four communities, ...
Monteiro F M - - 2013
The objective was to evaluate reproductive tract development (ovary and uterus) and onset of puberty in two lines of Nellore heifers (Bos indicus) selected for postweaning weight. A total of 123 heifers, including 46 from the control Nellore line (NeC) and 77 from the selection Nellore line (NeS) were used. ...
Orden Alicia B - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To assess secular changes in physical growth and the current prevalence and trend of overweight/obesity in Argentinian schoolchildren. Subjects and methods: One thousand and forty-nine schoolchildren aged 6 and 12 years attending schools in 1990 were compared with an age-matched sample of 935 boys and girls collected between ...
Ali Mir M - - 2013
This paper investigates the relationships between body weight, race, and attractiveness in appearance and personality among adolescents. We study a sample of 5947 (non-Hispanic) white and black girls age 12 to 18 who were interviewed by a group of 338 interviewers. We find that overweight and obese white female adolescents ...
Corsino Leonor L Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Nutrition, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2013
Obesity has spread to all segments of the U.S. population. Young adults, aged 18-35 years, are rarely represented in clinical weight loss trials. We conducted a qualitative study to identify factors that may facilitate recruitment of young adults into a weight loss intervention trial. Participants were 33 adults aged 18-35 ...
Ravona-Springer Ramit - - 2013
To analyze the relationship between body weight variability and dementia more than 3 decades later. The measurement of body weight variability was based on 3 successive weight recordings taken from over 10,000 apparently healthy tenured working men participating in the Israel Ischemic Heart Disease study, in which cardiovascular risk factors ...
Cena Hellas - - 2013
To evaluate the possible correlation between underreporting and anthropometric, psychological and socio-anagraphic characteristics in obese inpatients. Perspective longitudinal study. Forty-two obese inpatients enrolled to a multidisciplinary 3-week weight loss program in a psycho-nutritional rehabilitative structure located in Salice Terme, Northern Italy. They underwent anthropometric, dietary, clinical, and psycho diagnostic evaluation. ...
Vanhaesebrouck Sophie - - 2013
Introduction: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of preventable blindness throughout the world. Several risk factors have been studied, but most studies remain inconclusive. Evidence is accumulating that one of the strongest predictors of ROP, in addition to oxygen use and low gestational age, is poor weight gain ...
Wheeler Jesse J - - 2013
To determine whether high weight for length at the 18-month well-baby visit is predictive of overweight or obese body mass index (BMI) at the 4- to 6-year well-child visit. Retrospective cohort study using objective electronic medical record measurements. Eighteen family practices forming a community family health organization in Peterborough, Ont. ...
Fentaw Rabia - - 2013
Based on data generated from 180 randomly selected households with children age under five years old in Aysaita district of Afar region of Ethiopia, this study explored prevalence of malnutrition and scrutinized household characteristics, maternal characteristics, specifics of the child and economic variables associated with child malnutrition. The height-for-age Z-scores ...
Hattori Aiko - - 2013
To assess time trends in measurement error of BMI and the sensitivity/specificity of classifying weight status in the United States by analyzing the difference in BMI between self-reported and measured height and weight. Data from 18,394 respondents aged 20-89 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from ...
Batch Bryan C - - 2013
We have previously shown that racial composition of behavioral intervention groups does not affect achieved weight loss. However, it is unclear if the race of the interventionist affects intervention outcomes. The objective of this analysis is to estimate the impact of race concordance between participant and interventionist on weight change ...
Ma Deting - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The diffusion-weighted signal intensity (SI) of the interpeduncle region (IPR) of the midbrain has not been fully understood. This study was to evaluate the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and SI of the IPR on axial diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). METHODS: Axial brain DWI (4-mm slice thickness, no gap) was performed ...
Adair Linda S LS Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-2524, USA. - - 2013
Fast weight gain and linear growth in children in low-income and middle-income countries are associated with enhanced survival and improved cognitive development, but might increase risk of obesity and related adult cardiometabolic diseases. We investigated how linear growth and relative weight gain during infancy and childhood are related to health ...
Spanos D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) is rising, although the evidence base for its treatment in this population group is minimal. Weight management interventions that are accessible to adults with ID will reduce the inequalities that they frequently experience in health services. This short report ...
Som Suparna - - 2013
Summary It is well known that height and weight are interrelated, and that both are related to socioeconomic variables. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of socioeconomic variables on the heights and weights of different groups of people, formed according to different levels of heights and ...
Lasota Andrzej - - 2013
BACKGROUND: School children usually use a backpack to carry their school materials. Carrying heavy schoolbags exceeding the recommended limit may have negative health implications.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the weight of schoolbags carried by primary school pupils (aged 7-9 years) in Grades 1-3 and determine how many pupils carry backpacks in excess ...
Al-Haidar A - - 2013
Little is known about the effect of various animal's signalment variables on echocardiographic reference values in the equine species. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of sex, breed, age and body weight (BW) on echocardiographic measurements in the equine species. Echocardiography was performed on 212 ponies or horses ...
Al-Emrani Faisal - - 2013
Background: Low socioeconomic position (SEP) in adulthood has been associated with overweight and obesity in high-income countries. However, little is known about the contribution of childhood SEP to weight change. Using a Swedish general population sample, this study aimed to examine the association between five-year weight gain among adults and ...
Vivanti A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The usual daily weight fluctuations of well-hydrated older hospitalised people have not been documented internationally. To date, dehydration assessments based on a short-term body weight change defined as >2% have been drawn from healthy population data. The present pilot study aimed to describe usual body weight fluctuation at the ...
Sbarra F - - 2013
The aim of this study was i) to estimate the heritability and genetic correlation of the age at slaughter (AS), as an indicator of slaughter precocity, carcass weight (CW) and carcass weight gain (CWG=CW×AS(-1)) obtained from young bulls of three Italian autochthonous beef cattle breeds, i.e., Chianina (CHI), Marchigiana (MAR) ...
Wolfe Barbara E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The literature reflects contradictory evidence on the ability of persons with anorexia nervosa (AN) to accurately report body weight and height. Furthermore, it is currently unknown if individuals are able to correctly report their weight and height following weight recovery from AN. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the accuracy of ...
Arroub Hassan - - 2013
The region of Foum Jamâa (province of Azilal) has become endemic for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) since 2006. The objective of this study was to investigate molecular identification of the etiological agent of CL in this region; we also carried out an entomological survey of Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in ...
Harding Jessica L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests that psychosocial stress may influence weight gain. We explored the relationship between stress and weight change and whether this was influenced by demographic and behavioural factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: 5,118 participants of AusDiab, were prospectively followed from 2000-2005. The relationship between stress at baseline and BMI ...
Thorpe Kenneth E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of temporary and permanent weight loss of 10% and 15% on 10-year and lifetime Medicare spending among adults with overweight and obesity aged 65 years and older. Weight loss of this magnitude is consistent with next generation anti-obesity medications recently approved by the Food and ...
Sutin Angelina R - - 2013
Objective:Body Mass Index (BMI) and obesity (BMI≥30) are often derived from self-reported weight and height; psychological dispositions may bias how participants report these physical characteristics. The present research uses a large national sample of U.S. adults to examine the correspondence between reported and measured body weight and height and to ...
Moore Reneé H - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated sexual functioning in persons with obesity and seeking weight loss, and the associations of sexual functioning withrelevant demographic andclinical variables as well as quality of life. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants were enrolled in a two-year randomizedclinical trial. Participants were obese and had at least two components ...
Le Anh - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: State-level estimates of obesity based on self-reported height and weight suggest a geographic pattern of greater obesity in the Southeastern US; however, the reliability of the ranking among these estimates assumeserrors in self-reporting of height and weightare unrelated to geographic region. DESIGN AND METHODS: We estimated regional and state-level ...
Soenen Stijn - - 2013
Ideal body weight for maximum life expectancy increases with advancing age. Older people, however, tend to weigh less than younger adults, and old age is also associated with a tendency to lose weight. Weight loss in older people is associated with adverse outcomes, particularly if unintentional, and initial body weight ...
Yasin Abeer - - 2013
AIM: The 2006 World Health Organization (WHO) growth charts have been widely adopted by Canadian dieticians for growth monitoring of Canadian children rather than the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) reference data. It has been unclear as to which is the most appropriate. METHODS: We calculated height ...
Johnston David W - - 2013
The aim of this paper is to better understand one of the mechanisms underlying the income-obesity relationship so that effective policy interventions can be developed. Our approach involves analysing data on approximately 9000 overweight British adults from between 1997 and 2002. We estimate the effect of income on the probability ...
Rose G - - 2013
Sheep in Australia experience periods with different feed supply causing them to gain and lose live weight during the year. It is more efficient if ewes lose less live weight during periods of poor nutrition and gain more live weight during periods of good nutrition. We investigated whether live weight ...
Oh Chang Hyun - - 2013
STUDY DESIGN:: Prospective study comparing the somatometric measurements of young males with normal spinal curves and with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with respect to the severity of AIS. OBJECTIVE:: To access the somatometric measurements of young males with normal spinal curves and with AIS using the conscription data. SUMMARY OF ...
Webb Jennifer B - - 2013
Elements of social norm theory and communication theory on the third-person effect may prove useful in efforts to prevent excessive weight gain among emerging adults entering college. The present study explored the associations of race/ethnicity and BMI status with these socio-cognitive factors that may affect first-year weight regulation in a ...
Hawamdeh Ziad M - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the relative association between body weight, body mass index (BMI), lean mass (LM) and fat mass (FM), and bone mineral density (BMD) in a group of Jordanian postmenopausal women and investigate if this possible association changes with age. A total of 3256 ...
Jenkins Todd M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Past body weight may be a more informative factor than current weight for risk of chronic disease development. Often, investigators must rely on subject recall to gauge past body weights. The Cincinnati Weight History Questionnaire (CWHQ) was developed to aid in the retrospective identification of adults who were obese ...
Addo O Yaw OY Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2013
To examine associations between maternal height and child growth during 4 developmental periods: intrauterine, birth to age 2 years, age 2 years to mid-childhood (MC), and MC to adulthood. Pooled analysis of maternal height and offspring growth using 7630 mother-child pairs from 5 birth cohorts (Brazil, Guatemala, India, the Philippines, ...
Chrouser Kristin - - 2013
PURPOSE: Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) has been shown to reduce men's risk of HIV infection through heterosexual intercourse by ~60% in clinical trials and 73% in post-trial follow-up. In 2007, WHO and UNAIDS recommended countries with low circumcision rates and high HIV prevalence expand VMMC programs as part of ...
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