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Results 401 - 450 of 2314
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Sánchez-Guillén Rosa Ana - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sexual conflict over mating rates may favour the origin and maintenance of phenotypes with contrasting reproductive strategies. The damselfly Ischnura elegans is characterised by a female colour polymorphism that consists of one androchrome and two gynochrome female morphs. Previous studies have shown that the polymorphism is genetic and to ...
Schmidt Morgen C - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: The risk of childhood obesity is influenced by a number of pre- and post-natal factors. The risk of childhood obesity is correlated with body weight during infancy, which might be related to the psychomotor development of the child. The previous literature on motor ...
Blazek Katerina - - 2013
There is a need to understand how obesity and aging interact to cause an increased risk of medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). This study tested whether the knee adduction and flexion moments increase with age in healthy normal-weight and obese adults, as well as the mechanism of this increase. We analyzed ...
Lang I - - 2013
Objective: We sought to study and procure reference values for weight-related maximum isometric grip force (MIGF), maximum voluntary force in relation to body weight (Fmvrel) and peak whole body stiffness (pKwb) in multiple one-legged hopping (m1LH) in childhood. Methods: We examined 868 children and adolescents (436 female) aged 3 to ...
Busche P - - 2013
Objective: We sought to procure age- and gender- related reference data and study the characteristics of body weight related peak force (pFrel), body mass related peak power (pPrel) for counter movement jumps (single two-legged jumps, s2LJ) and chair rising tests (CRT) in children. Methods: We examined 868 healthy participants (436 ...
Bueno Rita de Cássia de S - - 2013
To verify the prevalence of trunk postural deviations (lumbar hyperlordosis, dorsal kyphosis, and scoliosis) in scholars aged eight to 15 years-old from the city schools of Caxias do Sul, Southern Brazil. A total of 864 students were evaluated in a cross-sectional study. The variables studied were trunk postural rating by ...
Severino-Rodrigues Evandro - - 2013
C sapidus fisheries has a significant influence on the economy of some countries in North America and has a relative extensive literature in these regions. However, only few papers discuss the ecology of C. sapidus in the South Atlantic, despite its economic importance in that region. We studied the fecundity, ...
Wallner-Liebmann Sandra Johanna - - 2013
Although the body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) is widely used as a surrogate measure of adiposity, it is a measure of excess weight, rather than excess body fat, relative to height. The BMI classification system is derived from cut points obtained from the general population. The influence of large muscle ...
Oliveira Juliana Souza - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the nutritional status of infants attending daycare centers in the Municipality of Recife and to verify its association with potential determinant factors. Methods: This is a cross sectional study conducted with 321 infants in the age group of 6 to 30 months from August to October 2004. ...
Kim Youngho - - 2013
The current study investigated differences in physical activity and perceived benefits and barriers in normal-weight, overweight, and obese adolescents and tested the effect of BMI and perceived benefits and barriers on physical activity. Adolescents (N = 773) participated in the study; 381 were classified as having normal weight, 262 as ...
Dahl Anna K - - 2013
Weight changes may be an important indicator of an ongoing pathological process. Retrospective self-report might be the only possibility to capture prior weight. The objective of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of retrospective recall of body weight in old age and factors that might predict accuracy. In 2007, ...
Shim Young Suk YS Department of Pediatrics, Ajou University Hospital, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between birth characteristics based on birth weight for gestational age, timing of menarche and adult height in girls born small for gestational age (SGA). Thirty subjects born from 1988 through 1999 whose birth weight below 10th percentile for their gestational ...
Maruf Fatai A - - 2013
Summary This study explored the association of socioeconomic status with individuals' perception of their body image (BI) and body weight (BW) among adults in a sub-urban Nigerian population. The cross-sectional sample comprised 1521 residents (775 males and 746 females) of the town of Nnewi. Perceived BI was assessed using figural ...
Johnston Craig A - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study evaluated 24-month outcomes of a school-based intensive lifestyle weight management program targeting overweight Mexican-American adolescents. METHODS: We recruited a total of 71 adolescents (32 males; 45.1%) between the ages of 10 and 14 years, at or above the 85th percentile for body mass index (BMI). Participants were randomized ...
Jamir Limalemla - - 2013
This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted to assess anthropometric characteristics and estimate the prevalence of undernutrition among older persons in rural Ballabgarh, Haryana, India. A total of 948 participants aged 60 years and above were examined. Their weight, arm span, mid-upper-arm circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, and calf circumference were measured ...
Tsui Johnson F - - 2013
PURPOSE: We analyzed the correlation between pad usage as determined by objective pad count and the severity of urinary incontinence as measured by pad weight. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of consecutive incontinent patients who wore pads on a daily basis and were instructed to complete a ...
Latimer Lara A - - 2013
The purpose of the current study was to examine characteristics and behaviors of college students who perceive themselves as underweight or about the right weight, yet report trying to lose weight, as compared to their counterparts. Participants included 944 students (M = 20.4 years, 61.1 % White; 64.7 % female) at a southwestern university. A ...
Lahti Marius - - 2013
Although physical growth in early life is associated with the risk of somatic illnesses and psychological disorders in adulthood, few studies have focused upon the associations between growth and dimensional personality traits. We examined the associations between pre- and postnatal growth in height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) and ...
Skilton Michael R MR Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, Australia. - - 2013
We hypothesized that early weight gain would be associated with incident obesity, higher blood pressure, systemic inflammation, and arterial wall thickening in later childhood. A longitudinal birth cohort was recruited antenatally from 2 maternity hospitals in Sydney, Australia, between September 1997 and December 1999. Three hundred ninety-five nondiabetic children who ...
Zhai Lingling - - 2013
Abstract The objective of the study was to evaluate whether or not sexual development differs between boys with prepubertal obesity and boys of normal weight. We enrolled healthy obese and normoweight schoolboys from Shenyang City, Liaoning, China. Eligible boys were at Tanner stage 1 and 8 years of age at ...
Han T S - - 2013
The rising rate of overweight/obesity among the ever-growing ageing population is imposing massive and rapidly changing burdens of ill health. The observation that the BMI value associated with the lowest relative mortality is slightly higher in older than in younger adults, mainly through its reduced impact on coronary heart disease, ...
Malina Robert M - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To compare the prevalence of thinness, overweight and obesity with IOTF and WHO criteria among indigenous school youth from the state of Oaxaca, southern Mexico. Methods: The sample included 11 454 indigenous youth (6216 boys, 5238 girls) 6-14 years of age. Heights and weights were measured in 2007 by ...
Fruscalzo Arrigo - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Breech presentation represents a common indication for primary cesarean section in women presenting for parturition. This study aims to investigate the presence of new and old risk factors for breech presentation and to provide a literature review. Methods. In this population-based retrospective cohort study we collected data from ...
Selman Colin - - 2013
The relationship between size and lifespan is complex. Larger species normally outlive smaller species, but within species smaller individuals generally outlive larger individuals. Research comparing size and mortality in dogs suggests that big dogs die young because they age faster.
Culnan Elizabeth E Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
A prospective study of chronotype as a predictor of increased weight gain and body mass index (BMI) among college freshman was undertaken. At baseline, 137 college freshmen were characterized as morning, neutral, or evening types using the reduced version of the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire. Additionally, information was collected regarding weight, BMI, ...
Norouzy A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to assess the effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting on body weight and composition and the effects of age and sex. METHODS: Body weight, height, waist and hip circumferences were measured, body mass index (BMI) was calculated and fat mass, fat-free mass and percentage body fat ...
Gardner Renee M - - 2013
In this prospective cohort study, based on 1,505 mother-infant pairs in rural Bangladesh, we evaluated the associations between early-life exposure to arsenic, cadmium, and lead, assessed via concentrations in maternal and child urine, and children's weights and heights up to age 5 years, during the period 2001-2009. Concurrent and prenatal ...
Arnautovic Kenan I - - 2013
Object In this paper the authors describe an association between increased body mass index (BMI) and Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) in adults, as well as its relationship to the development of syringomyelia. Methods In the period between January 2004 and December 2011, the senior author reviewed the data for ...
González Montero de Espinosa Marisa - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Spanish National Health Surveys do not establish synergistic relations between variables. The purpose of this study was to perform a deeper historical analysis of body mass index (BMI) and its relation to other parameters included in the questionnaire for children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from interviews conducted (between 1987 ...
Tortereau Antonin - - 2013
In preclinical studies, it is important to know whether the animals used are sexually mature or not. Precise data have not yet been published, however, about the histological features of the female reproductive organs during the peripubertal period or about the age of acquisition of sexual maturity in the minipig. ...
Dey Soumya - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bone mineral density using dual X-ray absorptiometry in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) patients and factors affecting it, if any. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted by enrolling thirty five patients of JIA and age and sex matched controls. Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and Z score of ...
Urbanová P - - 2013
Morphological aspects of the human hyoid bone are, like many other skeletal elements in human body, greatly affected by individual's sex, age and body proportions. Still, the known sex-dependent bimodality of a number of body size characteristics overshadows the true within-group patterns. Given the ambiguity of the causal effects of ...
Svetkey Laura P - - 2013
Objective: To determine the effect of age on weight loss and weight loss maintenance in participants in the Weight Loss Maintenance trial (WLM). Design and Methods: We conducted secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of overweight/obese adults with CVD risk factors. Participants were 1685 adults with baseline BMI 25-45 ...
Zinkel S R J SR Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI, - - 2013
Childhood obesity has increased 3 to 4 fold. Some children gain excess weight in summer. Total energy expenditure increases almost linearly with fat-free mass. A lower total energy expenditure was not detected in summer. Recent data report that the youth experience greater weight gain during summer than during school months. ...
Abu Ghazaleh Lara Alex - - 2013
Obesity forms a growing challenge in medicine worldwide. In Jordan, the obese and the overweight population form 49.7% of the total population. The latest national male to female ratio in Jordan is 1:1.06. There is a relation between obesity and renal stone formation. This study is conducted to study the ...
Murawska Daria - - 2013
The parts of carcasses of slaughtered animals that are not intended for human consumption are referred to as inedible components. The total percentage of edible to inedible components in the carcasses of different poultry species is an important economic consideration. The objective of this study was to determine the effect ...
McGregor Ba - - 2013
To investigate the effects of the timing and duration of eruption of the first permanent incisors, live weight, sex and other factors on contemporaneous live weight gain in Angora goats. Goats were previously part of a pen study on the effects of energy intake of Angora does during pregnancy and ...
Wu Chiung-Hui - - 2013
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess risk factors for dystocia-related cesarean section (CS) in uncomplicated Taiwanese nulliparas at term METHODS: We reviewed 1,272 deliveries by 1 obstetrician in a Taiwanese hospital between February 2004 and December 2011. These parturients were nulliparas with singleton pregnancies ≥37 weeks gestation who had liveborn cephalic deliveries. ...
Quiroz-Olguín Gabriela - - 2013
Introduction: Body weight measurement is of critical importance when evaluating the nutritional status of patients entering a hospital. In some situations, such as the case of patients who are bedridden or in wheelchairs, these measurements cannot be obtained using standardized methods. We have designed and validated a formula for predicting ...
Soltani Parvaneh Reza - - 2013
Overweight and obesity is becoming an increasingly prevalent problem in both developed and developing world, and is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21(st) century. Although various studies demonstrated pediatric obesity-related factors, but, due to its ongoing hazardous effects, researchers aimed to assess obesity-related factors in ...
McManus Shilpa S SS Pediatric Endocrine Unit, MassGeneral Hospital for Children and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, - - 2013
To characterize polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents and determine whether a distinct clinical presentation differentiates normal-weight (NW) from overweight (OW) PCOS. Retrospective chart review of patients seen in a tertiary care center from 1998-2008 who met the National Institutes of Health and/or Rotterdam criteria for PCOS (N = 211; ...
Sinha Manasi M Pediatric Endocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2013
Weight loss surgery is an increasingly common treatment option for obese adolescents, but data are limited regarding the metabolic effects of surgical weight loss procedures. We performed a retrospective review of the electronic medical record to determine metabolic outcomes for 24 adolescents and young adults ages 15 to 22 years ...
Chang Moon Jong - - 2013
The objective of this retrospective review of 466 patients was to document changes in limb length, leg length discrepancy (LLD), height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) 1year after TKA and the patterns of height, weight, and BMI during 5years. To determine change patterns over 5years, the data of 291 ...
Tamura Bruce K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Weight loss and poor nutrition are important quality measures in long term care. Long term care professionals need to identify factors associated with weight loss and poor nutrition to target high-risk patients. METHODS: The authors systematically searched Medline and CINAHL databases and included English language studies with more than ...
Sutin Angelina R - - 2013
Reciprocal relations between weight and psychological factors suggest that there are deep connections between mind and body. Personality traits are linked to weight gain; weight gain may likewise be associated with personality change. Using data from two diverse longitudinal samples (N = 1,919) collected at two time points an average ...
Sijtsma Anna - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Movement by an infant during the first year of life might influence its activity level and thereby influence growth in early childhood. AIM: To examine whether the time that an infant is able to move unrestrictedly and time spent in baby seats are related to weight and waist circumference ...
Saito Isao - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The association of adiponectin levels with cardiovascular disease (CVD) may vary by age and health condition. It is unknown whether adiponectin predicts CVD events among individuals with high blood glucose levels. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study among 15,566 men and women aged 40-85 years from four communities, ...
Monteiro F M - - 2013
The objective was to evaluate reproductive tract development (ovary and uterus) and onset of puberty in two lines of Nellore heifers (Bos indicus) selected for postweaning weight. A total of 123 heifers, including 46 from the control Nellore line (NeC) and 77 from the selection Nellore line (NeS) were used. ...
Orden Alicia B - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To assess secular changes in physical growth and the current prevalence and trend of overweight/obesity in Argentinian schoolchildren. Subjects and methods: One thousand and forty-nine schoolchildren aged 6 and 12 years attending schools in 1990 were compared with an age-matched sample of 935 boys and girls collected between ...
Ali Mir M - - 2013
This paper investigates the relationships between body weight, race, and attractiveness in appearance and personality among adolescents. We study a sample of 5947 (non-Hispanic) white and black girls age 12 to 18 who were interviewed by a group of 338 interviewers. We find that overweight and obese white female adolescents ...
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