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Results 401 - 450 of 2154
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Khuda K M - - 2013
Pulmonary function test of various types are utilized clinically and epidemiologically to measures the functional status of the lung and to asses the diseases. Spirometric standard for healthy Bangladeshi adults aged 18-40 years is conducted in National Institute of Diseases of Chest and Hospital (NIDCH). This is cross sectional study ...
Hsu M-C - - 2013
Background:Central obesity is a rising epidemic, and often occurs in parallel with dyslipidemia. Furthermore, enhancement of ectopic fat deposition has been observed in both human studies and animal models of altered lipidemic control. Though APOA1/C3/A4/A5 genetic polymorphisms are associated with dyslipidemia, their effect on central obesity is less known.Method:The anthropometric ...
Testa Nicholas D - - 2013
The selective pressures leading to the evolution of Sexual Size Dimorphism (SSD) have been well studied in many organisms, yet, the underlying developmental mechanisms are poorly understood. By generating a complete growth profile by sex in Drosophila melanogaster, we describe the sex-specific pattern of growth responsible for SSD. Growth rate ...
Li Yi-Chun - - 2013
The current study aimed to compare the estimates of body fat percentage (%BF) by performing bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in a sample of obese or overweight Chinese adults who participated in a weight-loss randomized control trial stratified by gender to determine whether or not ...
Lei Ruoh-Lih - - 2013
Facial cleft deformities, including cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) and cleft palate (CP), are common congenital birth anomalies, especially in Asia. This study aimed to analyze the prevalence of CL/P and CP and to identify associated factors in Taiwan. This population-based epidemiological study retrospectively analyzed birth data ...
Ying Quyen Vu - - 2013
The purpose of this investigation was to establish a normal range of maximal incisal opening (MIO) in children, and the correlation between MIO with age, height, weight, gender, race, and molar relationship. Calibrated examiners used the TheraBite Range of Motion (ROM) scale to obtain two MIO readings from 500 enrolled ...
Khashayar Patricia - - 2013
Objective. The present study was designed to investigate the prevalence of different combinations of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) risk factors among a nationally representative sample of adolescents in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Methods. The study sample, obtained as part of the third study of the school-based surveillance ...
Celiktaş Mustafa - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether simple anthropometric measurements, such as height, weight, body mass index (BMI), age, and thigh circumference can be used to accurately predict the diameter of hamstring tendons for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery. One hundred sixty-four consecutive male patients who underwent ...
Drumond Andrade Flávia Cristina - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the association between body mass index and weight changes on disability transitions and mortality among Brazilian older adults. Longitudinal data from the Health, Well-Being, and Aging in Latin America and the Caribbean Study conducted in São Paulo, Brazil (2000 and 2006), were ...
Milanović Zoran - - 2013
To determine differences in physical activity level and functional fitness between young elderly (60-69 years) and old elderly (70-80 years) people with the hypothesis that an age-related decline would be found. A total of 1288 participants' level of physical activity was evaluated using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire: 594 were ...
Chang Yoosoo - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the longitudinal relationship of weight change on incidence and remission of insulin resistance (IR). We performed a cohort study in apparently healthy Korean men, 30 to 59 years of age, who underwent a health checkup and were followed annually or biennially between ...
Kongsomboon Kittipong - - 2013
Obesity is increasingly becoming a problem among the Thai people; infant growth rates have been shown to be linked to childhood obesity. The aim of the present study was to determine the period of infant growth and to identify a cut-off point, in order to be able to predict overweight ...
Vander Wal Jillon S - - 2013
Objective: Although the human adenovirus 36 (Ad-36) is associated with obesity and relative hypolipidemia, its role in pediatric weight loss treatment response is uncertain. Therefore, the primary study objective was to determine whether Ad-36 antibody (AB) status was associated with response to a pediatric weight loss program. The secondary objective ...
Zhang Jianduan - - 2013
To investigate the early determinants of overweight and obesity status at age two years. A total of 1098 healthy neonates (563 boys and 535 girls) were involved in this community-based prospective study in China. Data on body weight and length were collected at birth, the 3(rd) and 24(th) month. A ...
Li De-Kun - - 2013
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a potential endocrine disruptor impacting metabolic processes and increasing the risk of obesity. To determine whether urine BPA level is associated with overweight/obesity in school-age children, we examined 1,326 students in grades 4-12 from three schools (one elementary, one middle, and one high school) in Shanghai. More ...
Mak Kwok-Kei - - 2013
This study investigates the associations between percentage body fat (%BF) and anthropometric parameters in adolescents of mixed weight status. Anthropometric parameters including height, weight, and waist circumference (WC), and %BF were assessed in 903 Hong Kong Chinese students (mean age 14.7 years). The calculated body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-stature ...
St-Jules David E - - 2013
This study evaluated the effect of weight loss on pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Subjects included 81 overweight NAFLD patients referred to two pediatric gastroenterologists from 2000 to 2010. Data on subjects were obtained from review of medical charts. The effect of weight loss was assessed at 1-4 months, 5-8 months, ...
Venegas Pablo J - - 2013
We report the discovery of two sympatric new species of Enyalioides from a montane rainforest of the Río Huallaga basin in northeastern Peru. Among other characters, the first new species is distinguishable from other Enyalioides by the combination of the following characters: strongly keeled ventral scales, more than 37 longitudinal ...
Podisi Baitsi K - - 2013
Comparisons of quantitative trait loci (QTL) for growth and parameters of growth curves assist in understanding the genetics and ultimately the physiology of growth. Records of body weight at 3, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 weeks of age and growth rate between successive age intervals of about 500 F2 ...
Bagherian Ali - - 2013
Background: The aim of this study was to determine the association of dental caries and BMI-for-age in preschool children and whether BMI-for-age is similar or different between Severe Early Childhood Caries (S-ECC) and caries free children. Materials and Methods: Four hundred preschool children aged 30-70 months were entered into this ...
Pejhan Akbar - - 2013
To determine the relationship between anthropometric indices and the age of menarche in female students of Sabzevar, Iran. The cross-sectional study was conducted in Sabzevar, Iran, from April to September 2010, and involved girls of 11-18 years of age. The required sample size for analysing the relationship between menarche age ...
Lindvall Kristina - - 2013
Previous studies have focused on weight maintenance following weight loss, i.e. secondary weight maintenance (SWM). The long-term results of SWM have been rather modest and it has been suggested that preventing initial weight gain, i.e. primary weight maintenance (PWM), may be more successful. Therefore, developing a prevention strategy focused on ...
Onyiriuka Alphonsus Ndidi - - 2013
Age at menarche is a significant indicator of growth and sexual maturation in girls. During adolescence, anthropometry provides a tool for monitoring and evaluating the hormone-mediated changes in growth and reproductive maturation. We aimed to examine the anthropometric status of pre- and post-menarcheal Nigerian adolescent girls attending senior secondary schools. ...
Saleem Muhammad Danish - - 2013
Weight misperception is the discordance between an individual's actual weight status and the perception of his/her weight. It is a common problem in the youth population as enumerated by many international studies. However data from Pakistan in this area is deficient. A multi-center cross-sectional survey was carried out in undergraduate ...
Westerterp Klaas R - - 2013
Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results in energy expenditure. The doubly labeled water method for the measurement of total energy expenditure (TEE), in combination with resting energy expenditure, is the reference for physical activity under free-living conditions. To compare the physical activity ...
Muir Jesse W - - 2013
Poor balance in older persons contributes to a rise in fall risk and serious injury, yet no consensus has developed on which measures of postural sway can identify those at greatest risk of falling. Postural sway was measured in 161 elderly individuals (81.8y±7.4), 24 of which had at least one ...
O'Connor Sean R - - 2013
Ankle sprains are among the most common acute musculoskeletal conditions presenting to primary care. Their clinical course is variable but there are limited recommendations on prognostic factors. Our primary aim was to identify clinical predictors of short and medium term functional recovery after ankle sprain. A secondary analysis of data ...
Couri Márcia Souto - - 2013
Palpilongus gen. n. is herein described for one species - Palpilongus bifurcus sp. n., from Costa Rica, based on male and females. The striking morphological characters of the species - palpus very long, about as long as prementum; upper calypter truncate and very short and setae of male sternite 5 ...
Czajka Kamila - - 2013
Changes to the body and its proportions, especially body mass, are frequently and critically assessed by the young according to peer pressure and opinions prevalent in their living and home surroundings, as well as through role models created by the media; particularly those promoting fashions for having a slim figures. ...
Diepstraten J - - 2013
This study describes a population pharmacokinetic meta-analysis of propofol to characterize the influence of body size measures and age in morbidly obese and nonobese adults, adolescents, and children. Sixty morbidly obese and nonobese adult patients (55-167 kg; 21-79 years) and 34 morbidly obese and nonobese adolescents and children (37-184 kg; 9-20 years) ...
Tsujimoto Hiromi - - 2013
Objective: This study was aimed at clarifying the experience of weight loss and its related factors of thin females who still wished to lose weight among junior high school students. Methods: The subjects were 1,302 males and females in the second and third grades in 17 junior high schools in ...
McCaffery Jeanne M - - 2013
Background/Aims: The present study identified genetic predictors of weight change during behavioral weight loss treatment. Methods: Participants were 3,899 overweight/obese individuals with type 2 diabetes from Look AHEAD, a randomized controlled trial to determine the effects of intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI), including weight loss and physical activity, relative to diabetes ...
Szenczi Péter - - 2013
The Trivers - Willard hypothesis (1973) suggests that the maternal condition may affect the female's litter size and sex ratio. Since then other factors had been found. Previous findings revealed in the case of some mammalian species, that females with larger anogenital distance have smaller litters, while the sex ratio ...
Heinrich-Weltzien Roswitha - - 2013
In the present study, we determined whether there is a delay in the eruption of permanent teeth (PT) among Filipino adolescents with stunting or thinness. Height, weight, and number of PT were recorded in 1554 Filipino 10- to 13-year-olds (711 boys; 843 girls). z-scores for height (HAZ) and body mass ...
Cohen-Or Ifat - - 2013
Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) are the final products of non-enzymatic protein glycation that results in loss of protein structure and function. We have previously shown that in E. coli AGEs are continually formed as high-molecular weight protein complexes. Moreover, we showed that AGEs are removed from the cells by ...
Mazur Allan - - 2013
The testosterone of men in industrial societies peaks in their twenties and tends to decline with increasing age. Apart from this individual-level decline, there have been reports of a secular (age-independent population-level) decline in testosterone among American and Scandinavian men during the past few decades, possibly an indication of declining ...
Filho Irajá do Nascimento Ido - - 2013
The effects of di-n-butylphthalate (DnBP) were investigated with respect to bioaccumulation and whether these effects occurred over a second generation in the fall armyworm Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith, 1797). The concentrations of DnBP in males and females of the second generation were higher than those in first one. However, frequency ...
Qorbani Mostafa - - 2013
Objective: This nationwide study was conducted to determine the association of anthropometric measures with cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Iranian normal-weight children and adolescents. Methods: We analyzed the data of 3,565 children and adolescents (50.3% boys), aged 10-18 years, with a normal BMI (5th-84th percentile) obtained from ...
Su Long - - 2013
Objectives: To explore the relationships between age, cytogenetic subgroups, molecular markers, and cells with leukemic aberrant immunophenotype in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods: In this study, we evaluated the correlations between age, cytogenetic subgroups (normal, balanced and unbalance karyotype), molecular mutations (NPM1, FLT3-ITD, and CEBPA mutations) and marrow ...
Mizzau Tosh W - - 2013
Sex differences in early development may play an important role in the expression of sexual size dimorphism at the adult stage. To test whether sexual size dimorphism is present in pre-emergent chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), alevins were reared at two temperatures (10 °C and 15 °C) and sexed using the ...
Kun P - - 2013
Objective: This study is a systematic analysis of regional and local (urban-rural) rates of over-weight among elderly people in China. The primary goal is to update the different trends in over-nutrition by gender and location among elderly Chinese. Study design and Methods: Data used for this study were obtained from ...
Lim Soo - - 2013
Obesity precedes the development of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the relationship between the magnitude and rate of weight gain to T2D development and complications, especially in non-White populations, has received less attention. We determined the association of rate and magnitude of weight gain to age at T2D diagnosis (AgeT2D), ...
Ali Mir M - - 2013
The purpose of the study is to explore the relationship between individuals' perceptions of their weight-status, self-reported height and weight, and measured weight status. A national survey of 9,248 adolescents (47% male) between the ages of 11 and 27 is analyzed to determine whether inaccuracies in reporting are caused by ...
Pereira Gavin G Centre for the Built Environment and Health, School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, M707, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia. - - 2013
Few studies have examined the relationship between weight status and objectively measured neighborhood greenness and no study has examined this relationship across the different stages of adulthood. This research was an investigation of weight status and neighborhood greenness using objectively measured satellite remote sensing for a large population representative sample. ...
Rauw Wendy Mercedes WM Departamento de Mejora Genética Animal, Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, Crta de la Coruña km 7,5, Madrid 28040, Spain. - - 2013
Play behavior has been proposed as a new potential indicator of animal welfare. Animals play only if they are in a relaxed state. Play may improve adaptability to challenging environments which may be of interest in the breeding objective. Little information is available on play behavior in livestock species. The ...
Marini Maddalena M Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America ; Department of Communication and Economics, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Reggio Emilia, - - 2013
Although a greater degree of personal obesity is associated with weaker negativity toward overweight people on both explicit (i.e., self-report) and implicit (i.e., indirect behavioral) measures, overweight people still prefer thin people on average. We investigated whether the national and cultural context - particularly the national prevalence of obesity - ...
Calzo Jerel P JP Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Children’s Hospital Boston, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA. - - 2013
To examine the development of muscularity and weight concerns among heterosexual and sexual minority males in adolescence. Participants were 5,868 males from the Growing Up Today Study, a U.S. prospective cohort spanning ages 9-25 years. Generalized estimating equations were used to test sexual orientation differences in the development of muscularity ...
Felix Holly C HC Department of Health Policy and Management, Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 West Markham Street, Slot 820, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA. - - 2013
The consequences of obesity among older adults are significant, yet few obesity interventions target this group. Unfamiliarity with weight loss intervention effectiveness and concerns that weight loss negatively affects older adults may be inhibiting targeting this group. This paper reviews the evidence on intentional weight loss and effective weight loss ...
Corno Antonio F AF Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Surgery, King Fahad Medical City Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2013
Introduction: Systemic venous anomalies are quite rare and can be associated with congenital heart disease requiring surgery. Materials and Methods: All consecutive patients (pts) undergoing surgery for congenital heart defects were retrospectively analyzed for presence of systemic venous anomalies: (a) Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC)(b) Inferior vena cava (IVC) ...
Lucas-Cuevas Angel G AG Department of Sport and Physical Education, University of Valencia, - - 2013
It is well established nowadays the benefits that physical activity can have on the health of individuals. Walking is considered a fundamental method of movement and using a backpack is a common and economical manner of carrying load weight. Nevertheless, the shock wave produced by the impact forces when carrying ...
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