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Results 351 - 400 of 2274
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Irena Abel H - - 2013
Various nutritional assessment tools are available to assess adult undernutrition, but few are practical in poorly served areas of low-income countries. The objective was to assess the relation between midupper arm circumference (MUAC), weight, body mass index (BMI), and clinical assessment for edema in predicting mortality in adults with severe ...
Miller Aroha - - 2013
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyl (dl-PCBs) concentrations in Baltic herring (Clupea harengus) have been relatively stable since the mid to late 1990s. It is unclear why concentrations in Baltic herring are not following the observed decreases in other environmental matrices. Here, changes in long-term temporal trends ...
Aldhafiri F K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Being underweight or overweight and obesity at diagnosis may all worsen prognosis in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), although no studies have estimated the prevalence of an unhealthy weight status at diagnosis in large representative samples using contemporary definitions of weight status based on body mass index (BMI) for ...
de M Ferrari Gerson Luis - - 2013
To compare the changes in cardiorespiratory fitness in evaluations performed every ten years since 1978/1980, according to the nutritional status and gender of students in the city of Ilhabela, Brazil. The study is part of the Mixed Longitudinal Project on Growth, Development and Physical Fitness of Ilhabela. The study included ...
Lund Heidi Sjetne - - 2013
This case-controlled study evaluated urinalyses from 111 primary cases diagnosed with feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) and 101 healthy control cats. Urine samples were analysed by standardised procedures, and differences between the two groups were compared by multivariable logistic regression analysis, while controlling for age, body weight, gender and ...
Lopes Welber Daniel Zanetti - - 2013
The present study therefore assessed the deleterious effects of MLs (ivermectin, abamectin, doramectin and moxidectin) on the reproductive parameters of engorged Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus females that naturally detached from experimentally infested cattle in two experiments. The following reproductive parameters of engorged female ticks were analyzed: female weight, egg mass weight, ...
Wronka Iwona - - 2013
Summary The aim of this paper was to establish whether the influence of socioeconomic factors on BMI and the prevalence of underweight and overweight changes with age. The data were obtained from 1008 schoolgirls aged 16-18 years for whom earlier data on weight and height were available. Their height and ...
Milisits G - - 2013
1. Computed tomography was used for the in vivo determination of yolk ratio in 7000 domestic hen eggs, originated from two markedly different genotypes, in order to examine the effect of egg yolk ratio, gender and genotype on the development of hatched chicks. 2. Eggs with extremely low, average and ...
Yokoyama Yoshie - - 2013
We aimed to analyze the characteristics of development of relative weight in Japanese triplets from birth until 12 years of age. Data were collected through a mailed questionnaire sent to mothers of triplets asking for information recorded in medical records. Altogether we had information on 1,061 triplet children of 354 ...
van de Laar Arnold W J M - - 2013
Insight into the effects of gender and age on bariatric weight loss can be disturbed by the well-known influence of initial body mass index (BMI) on excess weight loss (%EWL). Alternative metrics can be found that eliminate this influence. Their formulas can be used to construct an algorithm in which ...
Jónsdóttir Sif - - 2013
Studies on the relationship between unemployment and body weight show a positive relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and unemployment at the individual level, while aggregate unemployment is negatively related to a population's average BMI. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between job loss and changes ...
Sepúlveda Carolina - - 2013
Background: Rapid early ponderal growth is associated with adverse metabolic risks in young adults born at term. Aim: To determine whether there are differences in body composition, resting energy expenditure (REE) and metabolic variables between preterm children born with very low birth weight (VLBW) either appropriate (AGA) or small (SGA) ...
Mutoro Antonina N AN PEACH Unit, School of Medicine, MVLS College, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G3 8SJ, - - 2013
This study surveyed how healthcare workers (HCW) in Kenya diagnose childhood undernutrition and growth chart plotting accuracy. HCW (39) actively involved in growth monitoring completed questionnaires that included plotting of weights at ages 2, 6 and 9 months using the Kenyan road to health chart (RTH). The most commonly used ...
Milne Elizabeth - - 2013
Positive associations have been reported between measures of accelerated fetal growth and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We investigated this association by pooling individual-level data from 12 case-control studies participating in the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium. Two measures of fetal growth - weight-for-gestational-age and proportion of optimal birth ...
Rosales Nieto C A - - 2013
We studied the relationships among growth, body composition and reproductive performance in ewe lambs with known phenotypic values for depth of eye muscle (EMD) and fat (FAT) and Australian Sheep Breeding Values for post-weaning live weight (PWT) and depth of eye muscle (PEMD) and fat (PFAT). To detect estrus, vasectomized ...
Crenn Pascal - - 2013
Although changes in weight have been reported after traumatic brain injury (TBI), their frequency and underlying factors are little known. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of weight changes and the associated factors during the recovery phase after TBI. Longitudinal follow-up of adults with TBI. Multivariate analysis was carried ...
Sánchez-Guillén Rosa Ana - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sexual conflict over mating rates may favour the origin and maintenance of phenotypes with contrasting reproductive strategies. The damselfly Ischnura elegans is characterised by a female colour polymorphism that consists of one androchrome and two gynochrome female morphs. Previous studies have shown that the polymorphism is genetic and to ...
Schmidt Morgen C - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: The risk of childhood obesity is influenced by a number of pre- and post-natal factors. The risk of childhood obesity is correlated with body weight during infancy, which might be related to the psychomotor development of the child. The previous literature on motor ...
Blazek Katerina - - 2013
There is a need to understand how obesity and aging interact to cause an increased risk of medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). This study tested whether the knee adduction and flexion moments increase with age in healthy normal-weight and obese adults, as well as the mechanism of this increase. We analyzed ...
Lang I - - 2013
Objective: We sought to study and procure reference values for weight-related maximum isometric grip force (MIGF), maximum voluntary force in relation to body weight (Fmvrel) and peak whole body stiffness (pKwb) in multiple one-legged hopping (m1LH) in childhood. Methods: We examined 868 children and adolescents (436 female) aged 3 to ...
Busche P - - 2013
Objective: We sought to procure age- and gender- related reference data and study the characteristics of body weight related peak force (pFrel), body mass related peak power (pPrel) for counter movement jumps (single two-legged jumps, s2LJ) and chair rising tests (CRT) in children. Methods: We examined 868 healthy participants (436 ...
Bueno Rita de Cássia de S - - 2013
To verify the prevalence of trunk postural deviations (lumbar hyperlordosis, dorsal kyphosis, and scoliosis) in scholars aged eight to 15 years-old from the city schools of Caxias do Sul, Southern Brazil. A total of 864 students were evaluated in a cross-sectional study. The variables studied were trunk postural rating by ...
Severino-Rodrigues Evandro - - 2013
C sapidus fisheries has a significant influence on the economy of some countries in North America and has a relative extensive literature in these regions. However, only few papers discuss the ecology of C. sapidus in the South Atlantic, despite its economic importance in that region. We studied the fecundity, ...
Wallner-Liebmann Sandra Johanna - - 2013
Although the body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) is widely used as a surrogate measure of adiposity, it is a measure of excess weight, rather than excess body fat, relative to height. The BMI classification system is derived from cut points obtained from the general population. The influence of large muscle ...
Oliveira Juliana Souza - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the nutritional status of infants attending daycare centers in the Municipality of Recife and to verify its association with potential determinant factors. Methods: This is a cross sectional study conducted with 321 infants in the age group of 6 to 30 months from August to October 2004. ...
Kim Youngho - - 2013
The current study investigated differences in physical activity and perceived benefits and barriers in normal-weight, overweight, and obese adolescents and tested the effect of BMI and perceived benefits and barriers on physical activity. Adolescents (N = 773) participated in the study; 381 were classified as having normal weight, 262 as ...
Dahl Anna K - - 2013
Weight changes may be an important indicator of an ongoing pathological process. Retrospective self-report might be the only possibility to capture prior weight. The objective of the study was to evaluate the accuracy of retrospective recall of body weight in old age and factors that might predict accuracy. In 2007, ...
Shim Young Suk YS Department of Pediatrics, Ajou University Hospital, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between birth characteristics based on birth weight for gestational age, timing of menarche and adult height in girls born small for gestational age (SGA). Thirty subjects born from 1988 through 1999 whose birth weight below 10th percentile for their gestational ...
Maruf Fatai A - - 2013
Summary This study explored the association of socioeconomic status with individuals' perception of their body image (BI) and body weight (BW) among adults in a sub-urban Nigerian population. The cross-sectional sample comprised 1521 residents (775 males and 746 females) of the town of Nnewi. Perceived BI was assessed using figural ...
Johnston Craig A - - 2013
PURPOSE: This study evaluated 24-month outcomes of a school-based intensive lifestyle weight management program targeting overweight Mexican-American adolescents. METHODS: We recruited a total of 71 adolescents (32 males; 45.1%) between the ages of 10 and 14 years, at or above the 85th percentile for body mass index (BMI). Participants were randomized ...
Jamir Limalemla - - 2013
This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted to assess anthropometric characteristics and estimate the prevalence of undernutrition among older persons in rural Ballabgarh, Haryana, India. A total of 948 participants aged 60 years and above were examined. Their weight, arm span, mid-upper-arm circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, and calf circumference were measured ...
Tsui Johnson F - - 2013
PURPOSE: We analyzed the correlation between pad usage as determined by objective pad count and the severity of urinary incontinence as measured by pad weight. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of consecutive incontinent patients who wore pads on a daily basis and were instructed to complete a ...
Latimer Lara A - - 2013
The purpose of the current study was to examine characteristics and behaviors of college students who perceive themselves as underweight or about the right weight, yet report trying to lose weight, as compared to their counterparts. Participants included 944 students (M = 20.4 years, 61.1 % White; 64.7 % female) at a southwestern university. A ...
Skilton Michael R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:We hypothesized that early weight gain would be associated with incident obesity, higher blood pressure, systemic inflammation, and arterial wall thickening in later childhood.METHODS:A longitudinal birth cohort was recruited antenatally from 2 maternity hospitals in Sydney, Australia, between September 1997 and December 1999. Three hundred ninety-five nondiabetic children who were ...
Lahti Marius - - 2013
Although physical growth in early life is associated with the risk of somatic illnesses and psychological disorders in adulthood, few studies have focused upon the associations between growth and dimensional personality traits. We examined the associations between pre- and postnatal growth in height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) and ...
Zhai Lingling - - 2013
Abstract The objective of the study was to evaluate whether or not sexual development differs between boys with prepubertal obesity and boys of normal weight. We enrolled healthy obese and normoweight schoolboys from Shenyang City, Liaoning, China. Eligible boys were at Tanner stage 1 and 8 years of age at ...
Han T S - - 2013
The rising rate of overweight/obesity among the ever-growing ageing population is imposing massive and rapidly changing burdens of ill health. The observation that the BMI value associated with the lowest relative mortality is slightly higher in older than in younger adults, mainly through its reduced impact on coronary heart disease, ...
Malina Robert M - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To compare the prevalence of thinness, overweight and obesity with IOTF and WHO criteria among indigenous school youth from the state of Oaxaca, southern Mexico. Methods: The sample included 11 454 indigenous youth (6216 boys, 5238 girls) 6-14 years of age. Heights and weights were measured in 2007 by ...
Fruscalzo Arrigo - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Breech presentation represents a common indication for primary cesarean section in women presenting for parturition. This study aims to investigate the presence of new and old risk factors for breech presentation and to provide a literature review. Methods. In this population-based retrospective cohort study we collected data from ...
Selman Colin - - 2013
The relationship between size and lifespan is complex. Larger species normally outlive smaller species, but within species smaller individuals generally outlive larger individuals. Research comparing size and mortality in dogs suggests that big dogs die young because they age faster.
Culnan Elizabeth E Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2013
A prospective study of chronotype as a predictor of increased weight gain and body mass index (BMI) among college freshman was undertaken. At baseline, 137 college freshmen were characterized as morning, neutral, or evening types using the reduced version of the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire. Additionally, information was collected regarding weight, BMI, ...
Norouzy A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to assess the effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting on body weight and composition and the effects of age and sex. METHODS: Body weight, height, waist and hip circumferences were measured, body mass index (BMI) was calculated and fat mass, fat-free mass and percentage body fat ...
Gardner Renee M - - 2013
In this prospective cohort study, based on 1,505 mother-infant pairs in rural Bangladesh, we evaluated the associations between early-life exposure to arsenic, cadmium, and lead, assessed via concentrations in maternal and child urine, and children's weights and heights up to age 5 years, during the period 2001-2009. Concurrent and prenatal ...
Arnautovic Kenan I - - 2013
Object In this paper the authors describe an association between increased body mass index (BMI) and Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I) in adults, as well as its relationship to the development of syringomyelia. Methods In the period between January 2004 and December 2011, the senior author reviewed the data for ...
González Montero de Espinosa Marisa - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Spanish National Health Surveys do not establish synergistic relations between variables. The purpose of this study was to perform a deeper historical analysis of body mass index (BMI) and its relation to other parameters included in the questionnaire for children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from interviews conducted (between 1987 ...
Tortereau Antonin - - 2013
In preclinical studies, it is important to know whether the animals used are sexually mature or not. Precise data have not yet been published, however, about the histological features of the female reproductive organs during the peripubertal period or about the age of acquisition of sexual maturity in the minipig. ...
Dey Soumya - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate bone mineral density using dual X-ray absorptiometry in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) patients and factors affecting it, if any. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted by enrolling thirty five patients of JIA and age and sex matched controls. Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and Z score of ...
Urbanová P - - 2013
Morphological aspects of the human hyoid bone are, like many other skeletal elements in human body, greatly affected by individual's sex, age and body proportions. Still, the known sex-dependent bimodality of a number of body size characteristics overshadows the true within-group patterns. Given the ambiguity of the causal effects of ...
Svetkey Laura P - - 2013
Objective: To determine the effect of age on weight loss and weight loss maintenance in participants in the Weight Loss Maintenance trial (WLM). Design and Methods: We conducted secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of overweight/obese adults with CVD risk factors. Participants were 1685 adults with baseline BMI 25-45 ...
Zinkel S R J SR Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI, - - 2013
Childhood obesity has increased 3 to 4 fold. Some children gain excess weight in summer. Total energy expenditure increases almost linearly with fat-free mass. A lower total energy expenditure was not detected in summer. Recent data report that the youth experience greater weight gain during summer than during school months. ...
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