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Results 351 - 400 of 2312
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Shojaee Saeed S Chemistry and Drug Delivery Group, Medway School of Pharmacy, University of Kent, Kent, - - 2013
Matrices containing PEO fail to provide stable drug release profiles when stored at elevated temperatures for a period of time. The present study aims to stabilize diltiazem HCl release from matrices made from various molecular weights of polyox powders. To this end, various molecular weights of polyox with and without ...
Little Bertis B - - 2013
The effect of altitude of residence on the growth status of 11,454 indigenous school children 6-14 years of age in Oaxaca, southern Mexico, was examined. Indicators of living conditions (human development index [HDI], index of community nutritional risk [INR], index of marginalization [IM], index of relative isolation [II]) were regressed ...
Niu Jingjing - - 2013
Little is known on the extent of weight misperception and its relation with dietary intake among Chinese youth. The study aimed to investigate extent and correlates of weight misperception and its relation with dietary intake among Chinese youth. Data pertaining to Chinese youth, 6-17 years of age, from the 2004-2009 China ...
Kormos C E - - 2013
Research has demonstrated an association between low birth weight (LBW; <2500 g) and adverse intelligence quotient (IQ) outcomes in childhood and early adolescence. We systematically evaluated whether this association persists into late adolescence and early adulthood and also assessed the influence of age of IQ assessment on effect size. During ...
Ishii Kaori - - 2013
Background: Concern over the health risks of sedentary behavior has highlighted the need to examine factors associated with screen-based (television/computer) sedentary behavior. The present study examined the association of screen-based sedentary behavior with body weight and sociodemographic attributes among Japanese adults.Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study enrolled 1034 Japanese adults aged ...
Gallieni Maurizio - - 2013
Hypertension (HTN) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are important emerging problems in low-income countries, with an increasing number of patients dying for their consequences. A project for investigating these issues was carried out in West Bengal, India, in 2,536 adult subjects. Body mass index (BMI) was classified using traditional and ...
Delorme Nicolas - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate whether weight categories prevent young athletes from being exposed to a relative age effect. The dates of birth of all French female (n = 727) and male (n = 5440) amateur boxers who participated in the 2010-2011 season were collected from ...
Nilsson Charlotta - - 2013
Investigate the effects of maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) in offspring compared both to their siblings and to age-specific BMI reference values in Sweden. Their parents present BMI was also investigated. The growth of 232 offspring to 110 women with at least ...
Kawamoto Ryuichi - - 2013
High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is an acute phase reactant and a sensitive marker of inflammation. Age and adiposity can potentially promote the production of C-reactive protein (CRP). However, only a few studies have investigated any interaction between age and adiposity on hsCRP concentrations. We recruited 822 men (mean age, ...
Zakaria A H - - 2013
Two experiments were conducted to determine oviposition pattern and the effect of oviposition time on egg weight, body weight at hatch, and sex ratio of hatched chickens. In Experiment 1, eggs were collected from young and mid-age broiler flocks for 6 consecutive days at hourly intervals between 0400 and 2000h. ...
French Sarah - - 2013
To examine soft drink consumption across age, gender, socioeconomic, and body weight status groups within an adolescent and adult population. Cross-sectional telephone survey. Western Australian residents (n = 1,015) aged 16-65 years, selected through random dialing. Frequency and quantity of sugar-sweetened and diet soft drinks consumption, sociodemographic characteristics. The Kruskal-Wallis ...
Song R B - - 2013
Intracranial neoplasia of dogs is frequently encountered in veterinary medicine, but large-scale studies on prevalence are lacking. To determine the prevalence of intracranial neoplasia in a large population of dogs examined postmortem and the relationship between breed, age, and weight with the presence of primary intracranial neoplasms. All dogs that ...
Balan Guhan - - 2013
To characterize doxylamine pharmacokinetics in children. This study was conducted in 41 subjects, ages 2-17 years. Doxylamine succinate doses based on age/weight ranged from 3.125 to 12.5 mg. A single oral dose was administered with 2 to 4 oz. of water or decaffeinated beverages ∼2 hours after a light breakfast. Plasma samples were ...
Oliveira Grasiela Junges de - - 2013
The study aimed to compare the prevalence of overweight and obesity according to three growth curves, created by the World Health Organization (WHO/2006), by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS/1977), and by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC/2000) in children with cardiovascular risk factors. Data from 118 ...
Poulsen Malene W - - 2013
Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) form by Maillard-reactions after initial binding of aldehydes with amines or amides in heated foods or in living organisms. The mechanisms of formation may include ionic as well as oxidative and radical pathways. The reactions may proceed within proteins to form high-molecular weight (HMW) AGEs or ...
Weinstock Ruth S - - 2013
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) intensive lifestyle intervention resulted in significant weight loss, reducing the development of diabetes, but needs to be adapted to primary care provider (PCP) practices. To compare a DPP-translation using individual (IC) vs. conference (CC) calls delivered by PCP staff for the outcome of percent weight ...
Avila J A - - 2013
Abstract Background: Secular trends of increasing weight and height over past centuries are well documented in developed countries. However, these data are still scarce in developing countries such as Brazil. Aim: To verify the secular trends of height, weight and body mass index (BMI) of military students from Brazilian Army ...
Suyagh Maysa - - 2013
To characterize the population pharmacokinetics of canrenone following administration of potassium canrenoate (K-canrenoate) in paediatric patients. Data were collected prospectively from 37 paediatric patients (median weight 2.9 kg, age range 2 days-0.85 years) who received intravenous K-canrenoate for management of retained fluids, for example in heart failure and chronic lung disease. ...
Parsons Trisha L - - 2013
Waist circumference (WC) is a known indicator of cardiovascular disease in the haemodialysis (HD) population. However it is not known if HD results in clinically significant changes in WC. The study purpose was to quantify the degree of change in WC induced by HD. This was a prospective cohort study ...
Kohler Julia - - 2013
Although the link between altered stem cell properties and tissue aging has been recognized, the molecular and cellular processes of tendon aging have not been elucidated. Since tendons contain stem/progenitor cells (TSPC), we investigated whether the molecular and cellular attributes of TSPC alter during tendon aging and degeneration. Comparing TSPC ...
Andersen Camilla Schou - - 2013
Fetal exposure to the perfluoroalkyl acids, perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), has been associated with lower birth weight and lower weight and body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) in early infancy. It is, however, unclear if exposure to prenatal PFOS and PFOA has a lasting influence on growth. We estimated ...
Gonçalves David - - 2013
Weight is often one of the few recoverable data when analyzing human cremains but references are still rare, especially for European populations. Mean weights for skeletal remains were thus documented for Portuguese modern cremations of both recently deceased individuals and dry skeletons, and the effect of age, sex, and the ...
Dianat Iman - - 2013
The occurrence of neck, shoulder and low back complaints in relation to schoolbag carriage and other potential risk factors were investigated in a cross-sectional study of 586 Iranian schoolchildren aged 12-14 years. The average load carried by schoolchildren was 2.8 kg. Neck, shoulder and low back complaints during the preceding month were ...
Phoenix G K - - 2013
It has been shown that following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) procedures, Afro-Caribbeans achieve poorer weight loss compared with Caucasians. The reasons for this are multifactorial. However, studies have been based on mainly female patients from the US and none to date have been from the UK. Furthermore, South Asians ...
Mittal Shallu - - 2013
Measurement of peak expiratory flow (PEF) is imperative for management and evaluation of asthmatic children. It is well-known that lung function parameters show wide variations with respect to regional, racial, and genetic factors. This study was conducted to measure PEF in healthy Punjabi children aged 7-14 years as only a ...
El Hage Zaher Z Laboratoire de physiologie et de biomécanique de la performance motrice, University of Balamand, Al Koura, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) in obese, overweight and normal weight adolescent boys. This study included 23 obese, 19 overweight and 25 normal weight adolescents (aged 14-20 years) boys. The three groups (obese, ...
Powell-Young Yolanda M YM College of Nursing, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA. - - 2013
The link between obesity and self-esteem among minority youth has received minimal empirical evaluation. This study aims to describe the magnitude of risk that body mass index, household income, and transitional age have on global self-esteem levels among African-American adolescents. These analyses were conducted on cross-sectional data obtained from 264 ...
Hur S J SJ Department of Bioresources and Food Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, - - 2013
Five hundred and forty crossbred (Korean native black pig×Landrace) F2 were selected at a commercial pig farm and then divided into six different coat color groups: (A: Black, B: White, C: Red, D: White spot in black, E: Black spot in white, F: Black spot in red). Birth weight, 21st ...
Fahlman Lissa L The Arthritis Research Institute of America, Inc. Clearwater, FL 33755, - - 2013
Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, conservatively affects 27 million American adults. While nearly all joints can be affected, knee osteoarthritis is of particular interest as it has the potential to severely limit mobility. Despite its ubiquity, not everyone is affected. Few studies on the characteristics of these persons ...
Bryant Benjamin P - - 2013
The purpose of the study was to describe the range of relative backpack weights of one group of elementary-aged children and the extent to which they exceeded recommended levels. A second purpose was to explore whether gender and age help predict the relative weight of children's backpacks. Ninety-five 8- to ...
Husby Ingrid Marie - - 2013
Motor skills have previously not been reported in young adults born with very low birth weight (VLBW), although they are commonly reported in children and adolescents. To compare fine and gross motor skills in VLBW young adults with matched term-born controls, and to study longitudinal changes in the VLBW group. ...
Irena Abel H - - 2013
Various nutritional assessment tools are available to assess adult undernutrition, but few are practical in poorly served areas of low-income countries. The objective was to assess the relation between midupper arm circumference (MUAC), weight, body mass index (BMI), and clinical assessment for edema in predicting mortality in adults with severe ...
Miller Aroha - - 2013
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyl (dl-PCBs) concentrations in Baltic herring (Clupea harengus) have been relatively stable since the mid to late 1990s. It is unclear why concentrations in Baltic herring are not following the observed decreases in other environmental matrices. Here, changes in long-term temporal trends ...
Aldhafiri F K - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Being underweight or overweight and obesity at diagnosis may all worsen prognosis in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), although no studies have estimated the prevalence of an unhealthy weight status at diagnosis in large representative samples using contemporary definitions of weight status based on body mass index (BMI) for ...
de M Ferrari Gerson Luis - - 2013
To compare the changes in cardiorespiratory fitness in evaluations performed every ten years since 1978/1980, according to the nutritional status and gender of students in the city of Ilhabela, Brazil. The study is part of the Mixed Longitudinal Project on Growth, Development and Physical Fitness of Ilhabela. The study included ...
Lund Heidi Sjetne - - 2013
This case-controlled study evaluated urinalyses from 111 primary cases diagnosed with feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) and 101 healthy control cats. Urine samples were analysed by standardised procedures, and differences between the two groups were compared by multivariable logistic regression analysis, while controlling for age, body weight, gender and ...
Lopes Welber Daniel Zanetti - - 2013
The present study therefore assessed the deleterious effects of MLs (ivermectin, abamectin, doramectin and moxidectin) on the reproductive parameters of engorged Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus females that naturally detached from experimentally infested cattle in two experiments. The following reproductive parameters of engorged female ticks were analyzed: female weight, egg mass weight, ...
Wronka Iwona - - 2013
Summary The aim of this paper was to establish whether the influence of socioeconomic factors on BMI and the prevalence of underweight and overweight changes with age. The data were obtained from 1008 schoolgirls aged 16-18 years for whom earlier data on weight and height were available. Their height and ...
Milisits G - - 2013
1. Computed tomography was used for the in vivo determination of yolk ratio in 7000 domestic hen eggs, originated from two markedly different genotypes, in order to examine the effect of egg yolk ratio, gender and genotype on the development of hatched chicks. 2. Eggs with extremely low, average and ...
Yokoyama Yoshie - - 2013
We aimed to analyze the characteristics of development of relative weight in Japanese triplets from birth until 12 years of age. Data were collected through a mailed questionnaire sent to mothers of triplets asking for information recorded in medical records. Altogether we had information on 1,061 triplet children of 354 ...
van de Laar Arnold W J M - - 2013
Insight into the effects of gender and age on bariatric weight loss can be disturbed by the well-known influence of initial body mass index (BMI) on excess weight loss (%EWL). Alternative metrics can be found that eliminate this influence. Their formulas can be used to construct an algorithm in which ...
Jónsdóttir Sif - - 2013
Studies on the relationship between unemployment and body weight show a positive relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) and unemployment at the individual level, while aggregate unemployment is negatively related to a population's average BMI. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between job loss and changes ...
Sepúlveda Carolina - - 2013
Background: Rapid early ponderal growth is associated with adverse metabolic risks in young adults born at term. Aim: To determine whether there are differences in body composition, resting energy expenditure (REE) and metabolic variables between preterm children born with very low birth weight (VLBW) either appropriate (AGA) or small (SGA) ...
Mutoro Antonina N AN PEACH Unit, School of Medicine, MVLS College, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G3 8SJ, - - 2013
This study surveyed how healthcare workers (HCW) in Kenya diagnose childhood undernutrition and growth chart plotting accuracy. HCW (39) actively involved in growth monitoring completed questionnaires that included plotting of weights at ages 2, 6 and 9 months using the Kenyan road to health chart (RTH). The most commonly used ...
Milne Elizabeth - - 2013
Positive associations have been reported between measures of accelerated fetal growth and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We investigated this association by pooling individual-level data from 12 case-control studies participating in the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium. Two measures of fetal growth - weight-for-gestational-age and proportion of optimal birth ...
Rosales Nieto C A - - 2013
We studied the relationships among growth, body composition and reproductive performance in ewe lambs with known phenotypic values for depth of eye muscle (EMD) and fat (FAT) and Australian Sheep Breeding Values for post-weaning live weight (PWT) and depth of eye muscle (PEMD) and fat (PFAT). To detect estrus, vasectomized ...
Crenn Pascal - - 2013
Although changes in weight have been reported after traumatic brain injury (TBI), their frequency and underlying factors are little known. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of weight changes and the associated factors during the recovery phase after TBI. Longitudinal follow-up of adults with TBI. Multivariate analysis was carried ...
Sánchez-Guillén Rosa Ana - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Sexual conflict over mating rates may favour the origin and maintenance of phenotypes with contrasting reproductive strategies. The damselfly Ischnura elegans is characterised by a female colour polymorphism that consists of one androchrome and two gynochrome female morphs. Previous studies have shown that the polymorphism is genetic and to ...
Schmidt Morgen C - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: The risk of childhood obesity is influenced by a number of pre- and post-natal factors. The risk of childhood obesity is correlated with body weight during infancy, which might be related to the psychomotor development of the child. The previous literature on motor ...
Blazek Katerina - - 2013
There is a need to understand how obesity and aging interact to cause an increased risk of medial knee osteoarthritis (OA). This study tested whether the knee adduction and flexion moments increase with age in healthy normal-weight and obese adults, as well as the mechanism of this increase. We analyzed ...
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