Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2151
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Shield Kevin D KD Centre for Addition and Mental Halth, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
In Canada, harm from nonmedical prescription opioid analgesic (POA) use (NMPOU) has increased in recent years; however, there are limitations to the current estimates of NMPOU. The 2009 Canadian Alcohol and Drug Use Monitoring Survey presents an opportunity to produce more accurate estimates of NMPOU. To determine the prevalence of ...
Micciolo Rocco - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association of obesity with comorbidity and with subjective health perception in a large sample representative of the Italian population and how the association differs by age and gender. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were obtained from nine waves of the "Multipurpose Household Survey," conducted by the Italian National ...
Ghorbani Azam - - 2013
Obesity is a public health problem that has raised concern worldwide. Numerous epidemiological studies have been showed the relationship between obesity, abdominal fatness and risk of a wide range of illnesses (i.e. diabetes). Obese people experience health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) impairments. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect ...
Headrick Lauren B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference between self-reported and calculated daily energy requirements of adults within different body mass index (BMI) categories. METHODS: Adults (n = 978) self-reported daily energy requirements, demographic information, and height, weight, age, and physical activity level (PAL) to calculate total energy expenditure. RESULTS: The main effects of ...
de Vos Bastiaan C - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Weight loss interventions have been studied extensively, but methodological limitations negatively affecting applicability in everyday clinical practice are a very common problem in these studies. Despite the fact that obesity is treated mostly in a primary care setting, studies that investigate weight loss interventions in a primary care setting ...
Jetton Adam M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to characterize the magnitude of acute weight gain (AWG) and dehydration in mixed martial arts (MMA) fighters prior to competition. Urinary measures of hydration status and body mass were determined ∼24 h prior and then again ∼2 h prior to competition in 40 ...
Gennuso Keith P - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: To examine the association between sedentary behavior (SB), cardiometabolic risk factors, and self-reported physical function by level of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis was completed on 1, 914 older adults aged ≥65 years from the 2003-2006 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). MVPA and SB ...
Darmon Patrice - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Strategies for weight management in older adults remain controversial as overweight may protect them against mortality whereas weight loss may have harmful effects by promoting sarcopenia and bone loss. It has been suggested that weight management for obese older adults should focus more on maintaining weight and ...
Camacho E M EM Andrology Research Unit, Institute of Human Development, Centre for Endocrinology and Diabetes, University of Manchester, Old St Mary's Building, Hathersage Road, Manchester M13 9WL, - - 2013
Health and lifestyle factors are associated with variations in serum testosterone levels in ageing men. However, it remains unclear how age-related changes in testosterone may be attenuated by lifestyle modifications. The objective was to investigate the longitudinal relationships between changes in health and lifestyle factors with changes in hormones of ...
Haukvik Unn K - - 2013
Background:Normal birth weight variation affects schizophrenia risk and cognitive performance in schizophrenia patients and healthy controls. Brain cortical anatomy is altered in psychotic disorders and in low birth weight subjects, but if birth weight variation relates to cortical morphology across the psychosis spectrum is not known.Methods:Magnetic Resonance Imaging brain scans ...
Gunnare Nicole A - - 2013
This study measured accuracy of self-reported body mass index (BMI), particularly weight, in a college population. The main purpose was to examine the role of gender, BMI, body weight satisfaction, weighing frequency and physical activity level in accuracy (weight difference, percent weight difference, and absolute weight difference). Students (N=405; 56% ...
Xinyu Zhao - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To establish a useful and simple model for evaluating biological age (BA) and to explore the clinical significance of this model. METHODS: A waist circumference density index (WCDI) was established by considering the body as a cylinder and the waist circumference (WC) as the perimeter of this cylinder. Body ...
Cui Yong - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Telomeres are specialized chromatin structures essential for maintenance of chromosomal integrity and stability. Obesity has been proposed to be associated with telomere shortening; however, epidemiologic evidence has been conflicting. We conducted astudy to evaluate the associations of telomere length with various anthropometric indices of general and abdominal obesity, as ...
Boeke Caroline E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We examined associations of perinatal and 3-year leptin with weight gain and adiposity through 7 years. DESIGN AND METHODS: In Project Viva, we assessed plasma leptin from mothers at 26-28 weeks' gestation (n=893), umbilical cord vein at delivery (n=540), and children at 3 years (n=510) in relation to body ...
Waters Debra L - - 2013
Obesity in older adults is ubiquitous in many developed countries and is related to various negative health outcomes, making it an important public health target for intervention. However, treatment approaches for obesity in older adults remain controversial due to concerns surrounding the difficulty of behavior change with advancing age, exacerbating ...
Rosales Nieto C A - - 2013
The reproductive efficiency of the entire sheep flock could be improved if ewe lambs go through puberty early and produce their first lamb at 1 year of age. The onset of puberty is linked to the attainment of critical body mass, and therefore we tested whether it would be influenced ...
Hall Wiley A - - 2013
The aging of fresh secondary organic aerosol (SOA), formed in a flow tube reactor by α-pinene ozonolysis, was studied by passing the fresh SOA into a second chamber for reaction with high levels of the hydroxyl radical. Two types of experiments were performed: 1) injection of a short plug of ...
Lin Ting - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries are a population health problem worldwide especially in less-developed countries; however, little is known about road traffic disability (RTD). This study aims to estimate RTD prevalence and to explore RTD socio-demographic disparities if any within China. METHODS: The 2006 China national disability survey was employed to ...
Parks E P - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: Adolescence is an important period of physiological growth. Loss of central adiposity with preservation of lean mass during weight loss is optimal. There are discrepancies in the literature concerning changes in lean mass during weight loss in adolescents. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: This ...
Trasande Leonardo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Phthalates have antiandrogenic effects and may disrupt lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. Racial/ethnic subpopulations have been documented to have varying urinary phthalate concentrations and prevalences of childhood obesity. OBJECTIVE: We examined associations between urinary phthalate metabolites and body mass outcomes in a nationally representative sample of US children and adolescents. ...
Kwon Beom-June - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated prevalence and severity of angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD) according to groups by metabolically obese (MO) and/or weight status. MATERIAL/METHODS: Normal weight was defined as body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2))<25 and obesity was defined as BMI≥25. The MO was determined using the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment ...
Lausten-Thomsen Ulrik - - 2013
Recent evidence has demonstrated the prenatal initiation of childhood obesity as epidemiological studies and animal studies have illustrated the effect of the intrauterine milieu for subsequent development of childhood obesity. This study investigates the relationship between severe childhood obesity and the preceding in utero conditions expressed by birth weight and ...
Gholami A - - 2013
Studies of risk factors for acute leukaemia are inconclusive. This case-control study was done in West Azerbaijan province, Islamic Republic of Iran, to determine the relationship between birth weight and acute leukaemia in children aged under 15 years. For every patient 2 age- and sex-matched controls were selected from hospital ...
Rameshkumar Ganapathy - - 2013
To examine the effect of isopod parasite Catoessa boscii (C. boscii) on Carangoides malabaricus (C. malabaricus). The host fish C. malabaricus infested by C. boscii were collected directly from the trawlers landed at Parangipettai coast during December 2008 to November 2009. Data regarding the total length, width, weight and sex ...
Poli Francesca - - 2013
We analyzed the potential predictive factors for precocious puberty, observed in some cases of childhood narcolepsy with cataplexy (NC) and for obesity, a much more common feature of NC, through a systematic assessment of pubertal staging, body mass index (BMI), and metabolic/endocrine biochemical analyses. Cross-sectional on consecutive recruitment. Hospital sleep ...
Sánchez-Cruz José-Juan - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a major cardiovascular risk factor. In Spain, few studies have physically measured height and weight to estimate the magnitude of the problem. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of child and adolescent obesity in Spain in 2012. METHODS: We performed a ...
Rajaei Seyed Mehdi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the normal reference range for phenol red thread test (PRTT) values in clinically normal Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus). ANIMALS: Sixteen healthy adult Syrian hamsters (eight males and eight females) were used in this study. PROCEDURE: Ophthalmic examinations were performed without chemical restraint. PRTT values were evaluated in ...
Wang Yuanyuan - - 2013
Objectives. To examine the relationships between weight at early and middle adulthood and adult weight gain and the risk of total knee and hip replacement for OA.Methods. At baseline interview during 1990-94, 38 149 participants [mean age 54.9 (s.d. 8.6) years] of the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study were asked to ...
Pinto Luís Fernando Batista - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate visual precocity, muscling, conformation, skeletal, and breed scores; live weights at birth, at 205, and at 550 days of age; and, besides, rib eye area and fat thickness between the 12th and 13th ribs obtained by ultrasound. Those traits were evaluated in 1,645 Angus cattle kept ...
van Rutte P W J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: With global aging, obesity will increasingly affect the older population with higher risks of morbidity and mortality, yet full consensus has been obtained for the role of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in the older obese. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to report the outcomes of SG in the ...
Wu X - - 2013
The tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinensis) is a squirrel-like lower primate or a close relative of primates, commonly used as an animal model in biomedical research. Despite more than three decades of usage in research, the clear relationships between body weight, fasting blood glucose concentration, sex and age among tree ...
Lehre Anne-Catherine - - 2013
Herein, we report results from a study of birth weight distribution among boys and girls born in Norway in 2008. As our primary interest was to detect differences in the variability between the two sexes, we used the quantile distance function to describe the difference between two distribution functions. We ...
Zhang Yongbin - - 2013
Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) are widely used in FDA regulated products. The physical-chemical properties of Ag-NPs are characterized using various instruments. The dose-dependent activity and body weight alterations are evaluated after rats were exposed to Ag nanoparticles, suggesting a major human health risk, given the wide application of silver nanomaterials.
Dani Sergio Ulhoa - - 2013
A 47-year-old woman consulted her dermatologist complaining whole body dermatitis, urticaria and irritating bullous eruptions on the plantar and side surfaces of her feet. She had had multiple hypopigmented spots on her skin since her early adulthood. The patient was treated with topical medication without significant improvement of symptoms. One ...
Quick Virginia M - - 2013
Objective. We investigated the long-term effect of weight teasing during childhood. Methods. Young adult women (n = 1533; aged 18-26 years) from 3 large universities participated in a survey (Fall 2009 to Spring 2010) that assessed disturbed eating behaviors; weight status at ages 6, 12, and 16 years; and weight-teasing history. Results. ...
Byrd H C M - - 2013
What is already known about this subject Youth with ADHD may be at increased risk for obesity. Medications used to treat ADHD can affect weight. Few studies have investigated possible gender differences in associations between ADHD and obesity. What this study adds Nationally representative of US youth aged 8-15 years. Height ...
Maier Ina B - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Several studies indicate that dietary pattern and leisure time activities of adults not only differ between sexes but also between overweight and normal weight individuals. The aim of the present study was to determine if sex-specific differences in dietary pattern and leisure time activity already exist and are ...
Hernández María Isabel - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To compare pubertal development in age-matched healthy girls born with low birth weight (LBW) or appropriate birth weight for gestational age (AGA). Subjects and methods: Girls with breast in Tanner stage II and normal body mass index were followed for 3 years with a complete physical exam, bone ...
Schvey N A - - 2013
Objective:To investigate the influence of a defendant's weight on simulated jurors' perceptions of guilt.Design and methods:Participants were 471 lean and overweight adults (mean body mass index: 25.34±5.91) who read a vignette describing a case of check fraud while viewing one of four images of the alleged defendant (a lean male, ...
Roberts Gehan - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:To determine changes in height, weight, and BMI of extremely preterm (EPT; gestational age <28 completed weeks) survivors from birth to 18 years of age, compared with term controls.METHODS:Birth, discharge, and follow-up at ages 2, 5, 8, and 18 years of consecutive EPT survivors and contemporaneous term controls born in ...
Ferraro Lindsay - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate the effectiveness of a participatory approach using an employee design team for a 12-week weight-loss program with an 8-week follow-up. METHODS:: Twenty-four employees with mean [standard error (SE)] for weight 233.24 lb [8.16], body mass index 33.29 kg/cm [0.82], and age 42.7 years [1.5] participated in the ...
Barnes Michael G - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Many recent studies have provided evidence suggesting that increases in body weight may spread via social networks. The mechanism(s) by which this might occur have become the subject of much speculation, but to date little direct evidence has been available. Building on evidence from economics, anthropology, and behavioral biology, ...
Hansen Barbara C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the obesity-type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) link in the context of longitudinal changes in body weight during the progression to diabetes in mature adult nonhuman primates (NHP). DESIGN AND METHODS: A colony of 245 adult rhesus monkeys aged 8-41 years with ...
Vasunilashorn Sarinnapha - - 2013
. This study investigated the association between weight change and inflammation in a nationally representative population of US adults aged 40 and older. . Using the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2008), logistic regression models were used to determine the relationship between high levels of inflammation (C-reactive protein ...
Fernandes Natália Maria da Silva - - 2013
To determine the roles of body size and longitudinal body weight changes in the survival of incident peritoneal dialysis patients. Patients (n = 1911) older than 18 years of age recruited from 114 dialysis centers (Dec/ 2004-Oct/2007) and participating in the Brazilian Peritoneal Dialysis Multicenter Cohort Study were included. Clinical ...
Bonn Stephanie Erika - - 2013
Many studies rely on self-reported anthropometric data. While paper-based self-reports have been the standard collection mode, the number of studies collecting self-reported data via the Web is increasing rapidly. Although numerous studies have shown good agreement between self-reported and measured weight using paper-based questionnaires, the validity of using the Web ...
Yoong Sze Lin - - 2013
Self-reported weight and height is frequently used to quantify overweight and obesity. It is however, associated with limitations such as bias and poor agreement, which may be a result of social desirability or difficulties with recall. Methods to reduce these biases would improve the accuracy of assessment of overweight and ...
Khuda K M - - 2013
Pulmonary function test of various types are utilized clinically and epidemiologically to measures the functional status of the lung and to asses the diseases. Spirometric standard for healthy Bangladeshi adults aged 18-40 years is conducted in National Institute of Diseases of Chest and Hospital (NIDCH). This is cross sectional study ...
Hsu M-C - - 2013
Background:Central obesity is a rising epidemic, and often occurs in parallel with dyslipidemia. Furthermore, enhancement of ectopic fat deposition has been observed in both human studies and animal models of altered lipidemic control. Though APOA1/C3/A4/A5 genetic polymorphisms are associated with dyslipidemia, their effect on central obesity is less known.Method:The anthropometric ...
Testa Nicholas D - - 2013
The selective pressures leading to the evolution of Sexual Size Dimorphism (SSD) have been well studied in many organisms, yet, the underlying developmental mechanisms are poorly understood. By generating a complete growth profile by sex in Drosophila melanogaster, we describe the sex-specific pattern of growth responsible for SSD. Growth rate ...
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