Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2276
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Sumnik Z - - 2013
Objectives: To present gender-specific pediatric normative data on the main parameters of muscle function assessed using jumping mechanography. Methods: The study population included 796 non-selected Caucasian children and adolescents (432 girls and 364 boys) aged 6-19 years recruited from 6 primary schools and 3 high schools. Maximum peak power (Pmax) ...
Hadzić Vedran - - 2013
The aim of the study was to investigate the existence of bilateral asymmetry in healthy basketball players of different age, as evidence suggest that it may be an age related phenomenon which develops over the years of training. Fifty healthy basketball players (26 males and 24 females) participated in the ...
Bassichetto Katia Cristina KC Sao Paulo Municipal Health Secretariat, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2013
The nutritional status of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is related to morbidity and mortality and its monitoring is important in the maintenance of the health status. This is a cross-sectional study carried out in Brazilian National Health System in the Municipality of São Paulo. It describes anthropometrical characteristics: weight ...
Linhares Angelica Ozorio AO Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, - - 2013
The objective of this article was to identify, among the members of the 1982 birth cohort in Pelotas, those who were trying to lose weight at the age of 23, and which strategies they used. From 2004 to 2005, 4,297 individuals from the 1982 cohort were interviewed. The effects of ...
Petrou Stavros - - 2013
An increasing body of literature is exploring whether the age of the recipient of health care should be a criterion in how health care resources are allocated. The existing literature is constrained both by the relatively small number of age comparison groups within preference-elicitation studies, and by a paucity of ...
Rhone J A - - 2013
Production records from 291 Boer-Spanish and Spanish does collected between 1994 and 2004 in the Edwards Plateau region of West Texas were examined to compare Boer-Spanish and Spanish does for body weights, fertility, prolificacy, and number of kids weaned. Traits were analyzed using single-trait mixed models. Boer-Spanish does were heavier ...
Aruin Alexander S - - 2013
Asymmetry of standing balance and gait is common in individuals with neurological disorders, and achieving symmetrical stance and gait is an important goal of rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a novel discomfort-induced approach (that is based on using a single textured insole) on ...
Layte R - - 2013
Objective:To examine the extent to which early child nutrition, maternal antenatal lifestyle behaviours and child diet and lifestyle explain social class inequalities in the risk of rapid weight gain between birth and 3 years and obesity at age 3 years.Design:A longitudinal and prospective birth cohort study.Subjects:nationally representative sample of 11 134 ...
Theou Olga - - 2013
To operationalize frailty using eight scales and to compare their content validity, feasibility, prevalence estimates of frailty, and ability to predict all-cause mortality. Secondary analysis of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). Eleven European countries. Individuals aged 50 to 104 (mean age 65.3 ± 10.5, 54.8% female, N = 27,527). ...
Erlandson Kristine M KM aUniversity of Colorado-Anschutz Medical Campus; Aurora, Colorado bHarvard School of Public Health, Boston cBrigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts dLos Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California eUniversity of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania fGilead Sciences, Foster City, California gViiV Healthcare, Research Triangle, North Carolina hSocial and Scientific Systems, Inc., Silver Spring, Maryland iCase Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2013
To compare the effect that initiating different antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens has on weight, BMI, and lean body mass (LBM) and explore how changes in body composition are associated with bone mineral density (BMD). A5224s was a sub-study of A5202, a prospective trial of 1857 ART-naive participants randomized to blinded ...
Nonis M K - - 2013
Abstract 1. Because the components of the egg differ in nutrient content, and the proportions of these components change over time, the daily intake of nutrients required to produce an egg will also change with time. Information on these relationships is essential when attempting to determine the nutrient requirements of ...
Bailie Helen C - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether spinal canal depth (SCD), measured using ultrasound, could be estimated from simple body measurements in a sample of children. We measured SCD in a group of 225 children aged 0-18 years in the curved left lateral position using ultrasound. Statistical analysis ...
Richard Stephanie A - - 2013
The short-term association between diarrhea and weight is well-accepted, but the long-term association between diarrhea and growth is less clear. Using data from 7 cohort studies (Peru, 1985-1987; Peru, 1989-1991; Peru, 1995-1998; Brazil, 1989-1998; Guinea-Bissau, 1987-1990; Guinea-Bissau, 1996-1997; and Bangladesh, 1993-1996), we evaluated the lagged relationship between diarrhea and growth ...
Robinson E - - 2013
BackgroundThe prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically in recent years. As exposure to obesity increases, perceptions of what is a 'normal' weight are likely to change and this may result in overweight and obese people being perceived as healthier weights than they actually are. We tested whether exposure to obesity ...
Channon H A - - 2013
The effects of abattoir, carcase weight (60 or 80kg HCW), hanging method (Achilles or aitchbone) and ageing period (2 or 7day post-slaughter) on eating quality attributes of pork were investigated in this 3×2×2×2 factorial study. A total of 144 Large White×Landrace female pigs were slaughtered at one of three abattoirs ...
Hathcock Amber - - 2013
Numerous studies indicate an association between breastfeeding and decreased toddler adiposity. The mechanism behind this association is still unknown. One possibility is that children who are breastfed may have increased responsiveness to internal satiety cues. This study assessed the effect of satiety responsiveness on the association between breastfeeding and weight ...
Nan Cassandra - - 2013
Low birth weight and low 5-min Apgar scores have been associated with developmental delay, while older maternal age is a protective factor. Little is known about trajectories and predictors of developmental skills in infant twins, who are generally born with lower birth weights, lower Apgar scores and to older mothers. ...
Feng Xiaoqi - - 2013
Objective: A recent study has suggested that overweight and obese people are more likely to consult a range of physicians ('doctor shopping'). We interrogated the consistency of this finding with multiple measures of doctor shopping and controls for socioeconomic circumstances. Design and Methods: 99,407 Australians aged 45 and over who ...
D'Onise Katina - - 2013
Objective : To quantify the potential benefit to individuals of differing magnitudes of weight or waist circumference loss in an Indigenous population. Method : Data were from the Well Person's Health Check, a cohort study in 19 rural Indigenous communities in Far North Queensland. Baseline data were collected between 1998 ...
Fredrickson Julia - - 2013
This study examined the utility of the biopsychosocial model to predict accuracy of weight status perception among Australian adolescents. The factors included in this framework were: age, gender, and BMI-z (biological factors); satisfaction with body weight and shape (psychological factors); socioeconomic status, peer weight (social factors). Cross-sectional data, including measured ...
Bahreini Nimah N Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran ; Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, MARA University of Technology, Puncak Alam, Malaysia, Nutritional Sciences Programme, School of Healthcare Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2013
Obesity or being overweight is a major health problem in Iran. Only few studies are available that compare the obesity prevalence by four different available criteria. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Isfahani adolescents based on four different definitions. This cross-sectional ...
Shojaee Saeed - - 2013
Matrices containing PEO fail to provide stable drug release profiles when stored at elevated temperatures for a period of time. The present study aims to stabilize diltiazem HCl release from matrices made from various molecular weights of polyox powders. To this end, various molecular weights of polyox with and without ...
Little Bertis B - - 2013
The effect of altitude of residence on the growth status of 11,454 indigenous school children 6-14 years of age in Oaxaca, southern Mexico, was examined. Indicators of living conditions (human development index [HDI], index of community nutritional risk [INR], index of marginalization [IM], index of relative isolation [II]) were regressed ...
Niu Jingjing - - 2013
Little is known on the extent of weight misperception and its relation with dietary intake among Chinese youth. The study aimed to investigate extent and correlates of weight misperception and its relation with dietary intake among Chinese youth. Data pertaining to Chinese youth, 6-17 years of age, from the 2004-2009 China ...
Kormos C E - - 2013
Research has demonstrated an association between low birth weight (LBW; <2500 g) and adverse intelligence quotient (IQ) outcomes in childhood and early adolescence. We systematically evaluated whether this association persists into late adolescence and early adulthood and also assessed the influence of age of IQ assessment on effect size. During ...
Ishii Kaori - - 2013
Background: Concern over the health risks of sedentary behavior has highlighted the need to examine factors associated with screen-based (television/computer) sedentary behavior. The present study examined the association of screen-based sedentary behavior with body weight and sociodemographic attributes among Japanese adults.Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study enrolled 1034 Japanese adults aged ...
Gallieni Maurizio - - 2013
Hypertension (HTN) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are important emerging problems in low-income countries, with an increasing number of patients dying for their consequences. A project for investigating these issues was carried out in West Bengal, India, in 2,536 adult subjects. Body mass index (BMI) was classified using traditional and ...
Delorme Nicolas - - 2013
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate whether weight categories prevent young athletes from being exposed to a relative age effect. The dates of birth of all French female (n = 727) and male (n = 5440) amateur boxers who participated in the 2010-2011 season were collected from ...
Nilsson Charlotta - - 2013
Investigate the effects of maternal gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) in offspring compared both to their siblings and to age-specific BMI reference values in Sweden. Their parents present BMI was also investigated. The growth of 232 offspring to 110 women with at least ...
Kawamoto Ryuichi - - 2013
High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is an acute phase reactant and a sensitive marker of inflammation. Age and adiposity can potentially promote the production of C-reactive protein (CRP). However, only a few studies have investigated any interaction between age and adiposity on hsCRP concentrations. We recruited 822 men (mean age, ...
Zakaria A H - - 2013
Two experiments were conducted to determine oviposition pattern and the effect of oviposition time on egg weight, body weight at hatch, and sex ratio of hatched chickens. In Experiment 1, eggs were collected from young and mid-age broiler flocks for 6 consecutive days at hourly intervals between 0400 and 2000h. ...
French Sarah - - 2013
To examine soft drink consumption across age, gender, socioeconomic, and body weight status groups within an adolescent and adult population. Cross-sectional telephone survey. Western Australian residents (n = 1,015) aged 16-65 years, selected through random dialing. Frequency and quantity of sugar-sweetened and diet soft drinks consumption, sociodemographic characteristics. The Kruskal-Wallis ...
Song R B - - 2013
Intracranial neoplasia of dogs is frequently encountered in veterinary medicine, but large-scale studies on prevalence are lacking. To determine the prevalence of intracranial neoplasia in a large population of dogs examined postmortem and the relationship between breed, age, and weight with the presence of primary intracranial neoplasms. All dogs that ...
Balan Guhan - - 2013
To characterize doxylamine pharmacokinetics in children. This study was conducted in 41 subjects, ages 2-17 years. Doxylamine succinate doses based on age/weight ranged from 3.125 to 12.5 mg. A single oral dose was administered with 2 to 4 oz. of water or decaffeinated beverages ∼2 hours after a light breakfast. Plasma samples were ...
Oliveira Grasiela Junges de - - 2013
The study aimed to compare the prevalence of overweight and obesity according to three growth curves, created by the World Health Organization (WHO/2006), by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS/1977), and by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC/2000) in children with cardiovascular risk factors. Data from 118 ...
Poulsen Malene W - - 2013
Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) form by Maillard-reactions after initial binding of aldehydes with amines or amides in heated foods or in living organisms. The mechanisms of formation may include ionic as well as oxidative and radical pathways. The reactions may proceed within proteins to form high-molecular weight (HMW) AGEs or ...
Weinstock Ruth S - - 2013
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) intensive lifestyle intervention resulted in significant weight loss, reducing the development of diabetes, but needs to be adapted to primary care provider (PCP) practices. To compare a DPP-translation using individual (IC) vs. conference (CC) calls delivered by PCP staff for the outcome of percent weight ...
Avila J A - - 2013
Abstract Background: Secular trends of increasing weight and height over past centuries are well documented in developed countries. However, these data are still scarce in developing countries such as Brazil. Aim: To verify the secular trends of height, weight and body mass index (BMI) of military students from Brazilian Army ...
Suyagh Maysa - - 2013
To characterize the population pharmacokinetics of canrenone following administration of potassium canrenoate (K-canrenoate) in paediatric patients. Data were collected prospectively from 37 paediatric patients (median weight 2.9 kg, age range 2 days-0.85 years) who received intravenous K-canrenoate for management of retained fluids, for example in heart failure and chronic lung disease. ...
Parsons Trisha L - - 2013
Waist circumference (WC) is a known indicator of cardiovascular disease in the haemodialysis (HD) population. However it is not known if HD results in clinically significant changes in WC. The study purpose was to quantify the degree of change in WC induced by HD. This was a prospective cohort study ...
Kohler Julia - - 2013
Although the link between altered stem cell properties and tissue aging has been recognized, the molecular and cellular processes of tendon aging have not been elucidated. Since tendons contain stem/progenitor cells (TSPC), we investigated whether the molecular and cellular attributes of TSPC alter during tendon aging and degeneration. Comparing TSPC ...
Andersen Camilla Schou - - 2013
Fetal exposure to the perfluoroalkyl acids, perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), has been associated with lower birth weight and lower weight and body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) in early infancy. It is, however, unclear if exposure to prenatal PFOS and PFOA has a lasting influence on growth. We estimated ...
Gonçalves David - - 2013
Weight is often one of the few recoverable data when analyzing human cremains but references are still rare, especially for European populations. Mean weights for skeletal remains were thus documented for Portuguese modern cremations of both recently deceased individuals and dry skeletons, and the effect of age, sex, and the ...
Dianat Iman - - 2013
The occurrence of neck, shoulder and low back complaints in relation to schoolbag carriage and other potential risk factors were investigated in a cross-sectional study of 586 Iranian schoolchildren aged 12-14 years. The average load carried by schoolchildren was 2.8 kg. Neck, shoulder and low back complaints during the preceding month were ...
Phoenix G K - - 2013
It has been shown that following laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) procedures, Afro-Caribbeans achieve poorer weight loss compared with Caucasians. The reasons for this are multifactorial. However, studies have been based on mainly female patients from the US and none to date have been from the UK. Furthermore, South Asians ...
Mittal Shallu - - 2013
Measurement of peak expiratory flow (PEF) is imperative for management and evaluation of asthmatic children. It is well-known that lung function parameters show wide variations with respect to regional, racial, and genetic factors. This study was conducted to measure PEF in healthy Punjabi children aged 7-14 years as only a ...
El Hage Zaher Z Laboratoire de physiologie et de biomécanique de la performance motrice, University of Balamand, Al Koura, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to compare bone mineral content (BMC), bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) in obese, overweight and normal weight adolescent boys. This study included 23 obese, 19 overweight and 25 normal weight adolescents (aged 14-20 years) boys. The three groups (obese, ...
Powell-Young Yolanda M YM College of Nursing, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA. - - 2013
The link between obesity and self-esteem among minority youth has received minimal empirical evaluation. This study aims to describe the magnitude of risk that body mass index, household income, and transitional age have on global self-esteem levels among African-American adolescents. These analyses were conducted on cross-sectional data obtained from 264 ...
Hur S J SJ Department of Bioresources and Food Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, - - 2013
Five hundred and forty crossbred (Korean native black pig×Landrace) F2 were selected at a commercial pig farm and then divided into six different coat color groups: (A: Black, B: White, C: Red, D: White spot in black, E: Black spot in white, F: Black spot in red). Birth weight, 21st ...
Fahlman Lissa - - 2013
Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, conservatively affects 27 million American adults. While nearly all joints can be affected, knee osteoarthritis is of particular interest as it has the potential to severely limit mobility. Despite its ubiquity, not everyone is affected. Few studies on the characteristics of these persons ...
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