Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2304
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
West Nancy A - - 2013
To provide weight-for-age, height-for-age, and body mass index-for-age growth reference standards for ambulatory, steroid-naïve males, ages 2-12 years, with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and to compare these growth curves to the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts for boys, which serve as references of physical size and ...
Karas Maria G MG Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New - - 2014
Adiponectin exhibits cardioprotective properties in experimental studies, but elevated levels have been linked to increased mortality in older adults and patients with chronic heart failure (HF). The adipokine's association with new-onset HF remains less well defined. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of total and high-molecular ...
Jonsdottir Olof H - - 2013
To investigate the growth and the prevalence of overweight in early childhood among infants exclusively breastfed for 6 months (EBF) compared with those receiving complementary foods from 4 months of age in addition to breast milk (CF). A total of 119 mother-infant pairs were randomized either in the CF or ...
Shin Mi Na - - 2013
Obesity may be the consequence of various environmental or genetic factors, which may be highly correlated with each other. We aimed to examine whether grandmaternal and maternal obesity and environmental risk factors are related to obesity in daughters. Daughters (n = 182) recruited from female students, their mothers (n = ...
Khan M K I MK Department of Genetics and Animal Breeding, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Khulshi, Chittagong-4225, - - 2013
The present study was conducted to know the live weight gain of goats under semi-intensive conditions of Chittagong district of Bangladesh during the period of July, 2012 to January, 2013. Data were collected from 72 black Bengal and 32 Jamunapari goats and the kids birth weight and their subsequent live ...
Nguyen Mathew L ML Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2013
Obesity in children and adolescents is a growing epidemic in the United States, and physicians are increasingly looking for safe and effective treatments. In recent years, pharmacologic treatment has been considered for severe and refractory cases of adolescent obesity. We present a case of an obese adolescent who presented to ...
Alam M M National Institute of Animal Science, RDA, Cheonan Shinbang-1-gill 114, Chungnam 331-801, - - 2013
The present study investigated the contribution of carcass traits on carcass prices of Holstein steers in Korea. Phenotypic data consisted of 76,814 slaughtered Holsteins (1 to 6 yrs) from all over Korea. The means for live body weight at slaughter (BWT), chilled carcass weight (CWT), dressing percentage (DP), quantity grade ...
Ochieng A A - - 2013
Background. Rural residents in the Western Cape (WC), South Africa (SA) are highly exposed to agricultural pesticides that could impact their reproductive development. However, epidemiological evidence of the effect of pesticides on pubertal growth is contradictory. Objective. To investigate the effect of pesticide exposure measured using indices of environmental exposure ...
Käkelä P - - 2013
We evaluated the benefit of using combined genetic risk score (GRS) of known single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for body mass index (BMI) and waist/hip ratio (WHR) in the prediction of weight loss and weight regain after obesity surgery. A total of 163 consecutive morbidly obese individuals undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass ...
Manzoni Gian Mauro - - 2013
The present study had two aims: (1) to investigate life-events that obese inpatients think happened to them during the 6 months preceding their subjective problematic weight gain and (2) to evaluate the associations of such life-events with psychopathology controlling for the effects of gender, age, BMI and binge eating in a ...
Bartosik Katarzyna - - 2013
Introduction and objectives: Ixodes ricinus is a tick commonly found on human and animals and of great medical and veterinary importance. The aim of the study was to determine the parameters of different stages of feeding in Ixodes ricinus females. Methods: 229 Ixodes ricinus females were collected from 102 animals ...
Prunier A - - 2013
Rearing entire pigs may lead to meat quality and welfare problems in relation to pubertal development. A better knowledge of the sources of variation of pubertal development, behaviour and boar taint is needed before generalizing entire male pigs. From 84 days of age, entire male pigs were reared in groups ...
Seppälä Tellervo - - 2013
Our aim was to investigate how health related quality of life (HRQoL) influence on the success of weight management and how to utilize this information. Population-based longitudinal study. A community sample of apparently healthy middle-aged individuals living in Western Finland were invited to clinical survey in order to assess total ...
Al-Kawmani Ahmed A AA Department of Animal Production, College of Food Sciences and Agriculture, King Saud University, Saudi - - 2014
This experiment was designed to study the relationship between growth rate and sexual development in Najdi ram lambs. Forty-five Najdi ram lambs were used in nine age groups (1-9th month age), keeping 5 lambs in each group. Results show that mean testis size and scrotal circumference increased at a constant ...
Harper Robert L C - - 2013
We report long-term, including final height, auxological data from our retrospective study of non-irradiated survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). Body mass index (BMI) standard deviation score (SDS) increases in females, due to increased weight-SDS, persisted to final height, with probable adverse long-term health outcomes. In contrast, males demonstrated ...
Bottai Matteo - - 2013
Objective: To examine associations among age, physical activity (PA), and birth cohort on body mass index (BMI) percentiles in men. Design and Methods: Longitudinal analyses using quantile regression were conducted among men with ≥ two examinations between 1970 and 2006 from the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (n=17,759). Height and weight ...
Valvi Damaskini - - 2013
Increasing experimental evidence suggests that prenatal bisphenol A (BPA) exposure induces offspring weight gain, but these effects remain largely unexplored in humans. We examined the effects of prenatal BPA exposure on postnatal growth and obesity. BPA concentrations were measured in two spot-urine samples collected in the 1st and 3rd trimesters ...
Peterlin B Lee BL From the Departments of Neurology (B.L.P., J.R.R., R.F.G.) and Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences (J.A.H.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Department of Epidemiology (A.L.R.), Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, PA; Department of Epidemiology (M.A.W.), Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; Genetic Epidemiology Research Branch (K.R.M., J.-P.H.), Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD; Brown Alpert Medical School (D.S.B.), Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior/The Miriam Hospital, Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Providence, RI; and Intramural Research Program (A.B.Z.), National Institute on Aging, Biomedical Research Center, NIH, Baltimore, - - 2013
To evaluate the episodic migraine (EM)-obesity association and the influence of age, race, and sex on this relationship. We examined the EM-obesity association and the influence of age, race, and sex in 3,862 adult participants of both black and white race interviewed in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. EM diagnostic ...
Drzał-Grabiec Justyna - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess changes in the shape of the feet while carrying a backpack constituting 10% of a child's weight. It was an observational, cross-sectional study involving 118 primary school children aged 11-13 years. Selected parameters of foot shape were assessed in both a normal ...
Zheng Hui - - 2013
Little research has addressed the heterogeneity and mortality risk in body mass index (BMI) trajectories among older populations. Applying latent class trajectory models to 9,538 adults aged 51 to 77 years from the US Health and Retirement Study (1992-2008), we defined 6 latent BMI trajectories: normal weight downward, normal weight ...
Froehle Andrew W - - 2013
This study examined relationships between excess body weight (EBW) loss and current gait and functional status in women 5 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Gait data were analyzed in nine female bariatric patients for relationships with longitudinal changes in weight, body composition, and physical function assessed by the Short Musculoskeletal ...
Pfaffenberger Stefan - - 2013
-Therapeutic decisions in cardiology are frequently determined by cardiac chamber size. To decide whether cardiac dimensions are still in the normal range, reliable reference values are needed. However, published reference values mostly refer to historical cohorts using M-Mode measurements, and have not been adjusted for gender or age. The impact ...
Chen Li-Jung - - 2013
This study examined the association between fitness change and subsequent academic performance in Taiwanese schoolchildren from 7th grade to 9th grade. The 7th graders from 1 junior high school district participated in this study (N = 669). Academic performance was extracted from school records at the end of each grade. Cardiovascular (CV) ...
Xie Tianwu - - 2013
AbstractRats at various ages were observed to present with different radiosensitivity and bioavailability for radiotracers commonly used in preclinical research. We evaluated the effect of age-induced changes in body weight on radiation dose calculations. A series of rat models at different age periods were constructed based on the realistic four-dimensional ...
Wyss - - 2013
Pododermatitis is a worldwide problem in captive flamingos. We performed an evaluation of different influence factors (age, sex, weight, origin, breeding status) and a comparison of foot lesions between several zoological institutions and the feet of free-ranging Greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus). A scoring system was used to determine the prevalence ...
Sumnik Z - - 2013
Objectives: To present gender-specific pediatric normative data on the main parameters of muscle function assessed using jumping mechanography. Methods: The study population included 796 non-selected Caucasian children and adolescents (432 girls and 364 boys) aged 6-19 years recruited from 6 primary schools and 3 high schools. Maximum peak power (Pmax) ...
Hadzić Vedran - - 2013
The aim of the study was to investigate the existence of bilateral asymmetry in healthy basketball players of different age, as evidence suggest that it may be an age related phenomenon which develops over the years of training. Fifty healthy basketball players (26 males and 24 females) participated in the ...
Bassichetto Katia Cristina KC Sao Paulo Municipal Health Secretariat, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2013
The nutritional status of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is related to morbidity and mortality and its monitoring is important in the maintenance of the health status. This is a cross-sectional study carried out in Brazilian National Health System in the Municipality of São Paulo. It describes anthropometrical characteristics: weight ...
Linhares Angelica Ozorio AO Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, - - 2013
The objective of this article was to identify, among the members of the 1982 birth cohort in Pelotas, those who were trying to lose weight at the age of 23, and which strategies they used. From 2004 to 2005, 4,297 individuals from the 1982 cohort were interviewed. The effects of ...
Petrou Stavros - - 2013
An increasing body of literature is exploring whether the age of the recipient of health care should be a criterion in how health care resources are allocated. The existing literature is constrained both by the relatively small number of age comparison groups within preference-elicitation studies, and by a paucity of ...
Rhone J A - - 2013
Production records from 291 Boer-Spanish and Spanish does collected between 1994 and 2004 in the Edwards Plateau region of West Texas were examined to compare Boer-Spanish and Spanish does for body weights, fertility, prolificacy, and number of kids weaned. Traits were analyzed using single-trait mixed models. Boer-Spanish does were heavier ...
Aruin Alexander S - - 2013
Asymmetry of standing balance and gait is common in individuals with neurological disorders, and achieving symmetrical stance and gait is an important goal of rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a novel discomfort-induced approach (that is based on using a single textured insole) on ...
Layte R - - 2013
Objective:To examine the extent to which early child nutrition, maternal antenatal lifestyle behaviours and child diet and lifestyle explain social class inequalities in the risk of rapid weight gain between birth and 3 years and obesity at age 3 years.Design:A longitudinal and prospective birth cohort study.Subjects:nationally representative sample of 11 134 ...
Theou Olga - - 2013
To operationalize frailty using eight scales and to compare their content validity, feasibility, prevalence estimates of frailty, and ability to predict all-cause mortality. Secondary analysis of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). Eleven European countries. Individuals aged 50 to 104 (mean age 65.3 ± 10.5, 54.8% female, N = 27,527). ...
Erlandson Kristine M KM aUniversity of Colorado-Anschutz Medical Campus; Aurora, Colorado bHarvard School of Public Health, Boston cBrigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts dLos Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California eUniversity of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania fGilead Sciences, Foster City, California gViiV Healthcare, Research Triangle, North Carolina hSocial and Scientific Systems, Inc., Silver Spring, Maryland iCase Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2013
To compare the effect that initiating different antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens has on weight, BMI, and lean body mass (LBM) and explore how changes in body composition are associated with bone mineral density (BMD). A5224s was a sub-study of A5202, a prospective trial of 1857 ART-naive participants randomized to blinded ...
Nonis M K - - 2013
Abstract 1. Because the components of the egg differ in nutrient content, and the proportions of these components change over time, the daily intake of nutrients required to produce an egg will also change with time. Information on these relationships is essential when attempting to determine the nutrient requirements of ...
Bailie Helen C - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether spinal canal depth (SCD), measured using ultrasound, could be estimated from simple body measurements in a sample of children. We measured SCD in a group of 225 children aged 0-18 years in the curved left lateral position using ultrasound. Statistical analysis ...
Richard Stephanie A - - 2013
The short-term association between diarrhea and weight is well-accepted, but the long-term association between diarrhea and growth is less clear. Using data from 7 cohort studies (Peru, 1985-1987; Peru, 1989-1991; Peru, 1995-1998; Brazil, 1989-1998; Guinea-Bissau, 1987-1990; Guinea-Bissau, 1996-1997; and Bangladesh, 1993-1996), we evaluated the lagged relationship between diarrhea and growth ...
Robinson E - - 2013
BackgroundThe prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically in recent years. As exposure to obesity increases, perceptions of what is a 'normal' weight are likely to change and this may result in overweight and obese people being perceived as healthier weights than they actually are. We tested whether exposure to obesity ...
Channon H A - - 2013
The effects of abattoir, carcase weight (60 or 80kg HCW), hanging method (Achilles or aitchbone) and ageing period (2 or 7day post-slaughter) on eating quality attributes of pork were investigated in this 3×2×2×2 factorial study. A total of 144 Large White×Landrace female pigs were slaughtered at one of three abattoirs ...
Hathcock Amber - - 2013
Numerous studies indicate an association between breastfeeding and decreased toddler adiposity. The mechanism behind this association is still unknown. One possibility is that children who are breastfed may have increased responsiveness to internal satiety cues. This study assessed the effect of satiety responsiveness on the association between breastfeeding and weight ...
Nan Cassandra - - 2013
Low birth weight and low 5-min Apgar scores have been associated with developmental delay, while older maternal age is a protective factor. Little is known about trajectories and predictors of developmental skills in infant twins, who are generally born with lower birth weights, lower Apgar scores and to older mothers. ...
Feng Xiaoqi - - 2013
Objective: A recent study has suggested that overweight and obese people are more likely to consult a range of physicians ('doctor shopping'). We interrogated the consistency of this finding with multiple measures of doctor shopping and controls for socioeconomic circumstances. Design and Methods: 99,407 Australians aged 45 and over who ...
D'Onise Katina - - 2013
Objective : To quantify the potential benefit to individuals of differing magnitudes of weight or waist circumference loss in an Indigenous population. Method : Data were from the Well Person's Health Check, a cohort study in 19 rural Indigenous communities in Far North Queensland. Baseline data were collected between 1998 ...
Fredrickson Julia - - 2013
This study examined the utility of the biopsychosocial model to predict accuracy of weight status perception among Australian adolescents. The factors included in this framework were: age, gender, and BMI-z (biological factors); satisfaction with body weight and shape (psychological factors); socioeconomic status, peer weight (social factors). Cross-sectional data, including measured ...
Bahreini Nimah N Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran ; Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, MARA University of Technology, Puncak Alam, Malaysia, Nutritional Sciences Programme, School of Healthcare Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2013
Obesity or being overweight is a major health problem in Iran. Only few studies are available that compare the obesity prevalence by four different available criteria. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Isfahani adolescents based on four different definitions. This cross-sectional ...
Shojaee Saeed S Chemistry and Drug Delivery Group, Medway School of Pharmacy, University of Kent, Kent, - - 2013
Matrices containing PEO fail to provide stable drug release profiles when stored at elevated temperatures for a period of time. The present study aims to stabilize diltiazem HCl release from matrices made from various molecular weights of polyox powders. To this end, various molecular weights of polyox with and without ...
Little Bertis B - - 2013
The effect of altitude of residence on the growth status of 11,454 indigenous school children 6-14 years of age in Oaxaca, southern Mexico, was examined. Indicators of living conditions (human development index [HDI], index of community nutritional risk [INR], index of marginalization [IM], index of relative isolation [II]) were regressed ...
Niu Jingjing - - 2013
Little is known on the extent of weight misperception and its relation with dietary intake among Chinese youth. The study aimed to investigate extent and correlates of weight misperception and its relation with dietary intake among Chinese youth. Data pertaining to Chinese youth, 6-17 years of age, from the 2004-2009 China ...
Kormos C E - - 2013
Research has demonstrated an association between low birth weight (LBW; <2500 g) and adverse intelligence quotient (IQ) outcomes in childhood and early adolescence. We systematically evaluated whether this association persists into late adolescence and early adulthood and also assessed the influence of age of IQ assessment on effect size. During ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >