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Results 251 - 300 of 2273
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Kulendran M - - 2013
Background:Obese individuals are known to be more impulsive than their normal weight counterparts. Impulsivity has been postulated to be a predictor of weight loss.Design:A pre-post study was designed to determine for first time whether impulsivity changed with weight loss during a lifestyle and physical activity intervention lasting 2-8 weeks.Subjects:53 obese ...
Rodriguez Julio J Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Forty-eight male calves (3/4 Brahman×1/4 Charolais) were used to determine carcass cutability and meat tenderness of Longissimus lumborum (LL), Gluteus medius (GM), Semitendinosus (ST) and Psoas major (PM) steaks from lighter weight carcasses of bulls and steers castrated at 3, 7, or 12mo of age grown under tropical pasture conditions. ...
Adams Kenneth F - - 2014
Using data from the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study, we evaluated the influence of adulthood weight history on mortality risk. The National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study is an observational cohort study of US men and women who were aged 50-71 years at entry in ...
Sonneville Kendrin R - - 2013
The effect of years of residence in the US on the weight of adolescents is unclear. We examined the association between generation (i.e. 1st, 1.5, 2nd, and 3rd) and weight indicators among Boston adolescents. Data are from a sample of 1,420 9-12th grade public school students in Boston, Massachusetts. We ...
Tang-Péronard Jeanett L - - 2013
Chemicals with endocrine-disrupting abilities may act as obesogens and interfere with the body's natural weight-control mechanisms, especially if exposure occurs during prenatal life. We examined the association between prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) and subsequent obesity at 5 and 7 y of age. From 1997 to ...
Brochu Pierre - - 2013
Physiological daily inhalation rates reported in our previous study for normal-weight subjects 2.6-96 years old were compared to inhalation data determined in free-living overweight/obese individuals (n = 661) aged 5-96 years. Inhalation rates were also calculated in normal-weight (n = 408), overweight (n = 225), and obese classes 1, 2, ...
Tarrant Roslyn C RC Medical - - 2013
Study Design. Retrospective cohort study.Objective. To determine the association between low preoperative body mass index (BMI) and outcome of spinal fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS).Summary of Background Data. Several studies report a lower weight and BMI in untreated AIS subjects compared with non-scoliotic age-matched controls. However, very little is ...
Luciano Alexandre P - - 2013
We aimed to estimate the median ages at specific stages of sexual maturity stratified by excess weight in boys and girls.Materials and method: This was a cross-sectional study made in 2007 in Florianopolis, Brazil, with 2,339 schoolchildren between 8 to 14 years of age (1,107 boys) selected at random in ...
Malomane Dorcus Kholofelo - - 2013
Body weight and weight of body parts are of economic importance. It is difficult to directly predict body weight from highly correlated morphological traits through multiple regression. Factor analysis was carried out to examine the relationship between body weight and five linear body measurements (body length, body girth, wing length, ...
Meeuwes M M Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2013
To evaluate the occurrence of low bone mineral density (BMD) and its relationship with clinical and laboratorial characteristics in children and young adults with sickle cell anaemia living in Northeast-Brazil, and to assess the role of radiography in diagnosing low BMD. Bone mineral density of lumbar spine was measured by ...
Kark M - - 2013
Social inequalities in type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease may be established in formative school years. We investigated whether school performance is associated with adiposity and increase in body mass index (BMI) between 10 and 15-years-of-age. A community sample of 2,633 school children had height and weight measured in ...
Gaillard Romy - - 2013
Suboptimal fetal nutrition may influence early growth and cardiovascular development. We examined whether umbilical and uterine artery resistance indices, as measures of feto-placental and utero-placental vascular function, respectively, are associated with fetal and childhood growth and cardiovascular development. This study was embedded in a population-based prospective cohort study among 6,716 ...
Greenwood P L - - 2013
Data from 2 previously published experiments - New South Wales (NSW; n = 161) and Western Australia (WA; n = 135) - were used to test molecular value predictions (MVP), generated from commercially available gene markers, on economically important traits of Bos indicus (Brahman) cattle. Favorable tenderness MVP scores were ...
Proper Karin I - - 2013
Stress has been shown to be a determinant of weight change and risk for obesity. To date, there is scarce evidence that stressful life events and their severity contribute to changes in body weight. We studied the association between the occurrence, impact of and adaptation to adverse life events and ...
Woestenenk Janna W - - 2013
To measure the weight and height of children with cystic fibrosis (CF) from two to 10-years-of-age and to investigate the relationship between these parameters and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 ) beginning at six-years-of-age. Weight and height were expressed as z-scores for weight-for-age (WFA), height-for-age (HFA), height adjusted ...
Besser Lilah M - - 2013
The speed and severity of clinical progression after Alzheimer disease (AD) diagnosis varies and depends on multiple factors, most not well elucidated. We assessed whether body mass index (BMI) and 1-year weight change (WC) are associated with clinical progression in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and early-stage AD. Longitudinal data ...
Kumar Neena Theresa - - 2013
Gender, body weight, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are all variables known to influence human heart weight. The impact of cancer is less studied, and the influence of age is not unequivocal. We aimed to describe the relationship between body size and heart weight in a large autopsy cohort and to ...
Zajc Petranović Matea - - 2013
Most studies analysing the influence of socioeconomic deterioration on body size focus on the impact of food shortages and diseases on the growth in early childhood. To evaluate how socioeconomic conditions influence the growth during the adolescence, we tracked the body size of 15-19 year-olds over the last sixty years ...
Maïmoun Laurent - - 2013
Context:Regular physical activity during puberty improves bone mass acquisition. However, it is unknown whether extreme intense training has the same favorable effect on the skeleton.Objective:We evaluated the bone mass acquisition in a unique cohort of world-class rhythmic gymnasts.Study participants:A total of 133 adolescent girls and young women with a mean ...
Tucci Sonia A - - 2013
Background: Weight loss does not necessarily decrease the negative appraisal of a formerly overweight individual. Since past weight history tends to be disclosed in several contexts, this study aims to investigate whether negative appraisals are gender-specific and if they are modulated by the evaluators' own BMI. Methods: 202 young adults ...
Olsson Fredrik - - 2013
The variance effective population size (NeV) is a key concept in population biology, because it quantifies the microevolutionary process of random genetic drift, and understanding the characteristics of NeV is thus of central importance. Current formulas for NeV for populations with overlapping generations weight age classes according to their reproductive ...
West Nancy A - - 2013
To provide weight-for-age, height-for-age, and body mass index-for-age growth reference standards for ambulatory, steroid-naïve males, ages 2-12 years, with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and to compare these growth curves to the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts for boys, which serve as references of physical size and ...
Karas Maria G MG Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New - - 2014
Adiponectin exhibits cardioprotective properties in experimental studies, but elevated levels have been linked to increased mortality in older adults and patients with chronic heart failure (HF). The adipokine's association with new-onset HF remains less well defined. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of total and high-molecular ...
Jonsdottir Olof H - - 2013
To investigate the growth and the prevalence of overweight in early childhood among infants exclusively breastfed for 6 months (EBF) compared with those receiving complementary foods from 4 months of age in addition to breast milk (CF). A total of 119 mother-infant pairs were randomized either in the CF or ...
Shin Mi Na - - 2013
Obesity may be the consequence of various environmental or genetic factors, which may be highly correlated with each other. We aimed to examine whether grandmaternal and maternal obesity and environmental risk factors are related to obesity in daughters. Daughters (n = 182) recruited from female students, their mothers (n = ...
Khan M K I MK Department of Genetics and Animal Breeding, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Khulshi, Chittagong-4225, - - 2013
The present study was conducted to know the live weight gain of goats under semi-intensive conditions of Chittagong district of Bangladesh during the period of July, 2012 to January, 2013. Data were collected from 72 black Bengal and 32 Jamunapari goats and the kids birth weight and their subsequent live ...
Nguyen Mathew L ML Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2013
Obesity in children and adolescents is a growing epidemic in the United States, and physicians are increasingly looking for safe and effective treatments. In recent years, pharmacologic treatment has been considered for severe and refractory cases of adolescent obesity. We present a case of an obese adolescent who presented to ...
Alam M M National Institute of Animal Science, RDA, Cheonan Shinbang-1-gill 114, Chungnam 331-801, - - 2013
The present study investigated the contribution of carcass traits on carcass prices of Holstein steers in Korea. Phenotypic data consisted of 76,814 slaughtered Holsteins (1 to 6 yrs) from all over Korea. The means for live body weight at slaughter (BWT), chilled carcass weight (CWT), dressing percentage (DP), quantity grade ...
Ochieng A A - - 2013
Background. Rural residents in the Western Cape (WC), South Africa (SA) are highly exposed to agricultural pesticides that could impact their reproductive development. However, epidemiological evidence of the effect of pesticides on pubertal growth is contradictory. Objective. To investigate the effect of pesticide exposure measured using indices of environmental exposure ...
Käkelä P - - 2013
We evaluated the benefit of using combined genetic risk score (GRS) of known single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for body mass index (BMI) and waist/hip ratio (WHR) in the prediction of weight loss and weight regain after obesity surgery. A total of 163 consecutive morbidly obese individuals undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass ...
Manzoni Gian Mauro - - 2013
The present study had two aims: (1) to investigate life-events that obese inpatients think happened to them during the 6 months preceding their subjective problematic weight gain and (2) to evaluate the associations of such life-events with psychopathology controlling for the effects of gender, age, BMI and binge eating in a ...
Bartosik Katarzyna - - 2013
Introduction and objectives: Ixodes ricinus is a tick commonly found on human and animals and of great medical and veterinary importance. The aim of the study was to determine the parameters of different stages of feeding in Ixodes ricinus females. Methods: 229 Ixodes ricinus females were collected from 102 animals ...
Prunier A - - 2013
Rearing entire pigs may lead to meat quality and welfare problems in relation to pubertal development. A better knowledge of the sources of variation of pubertal development, behaviour and boar taint is needed before generalizing entire male pigs. From 84 days of age, entire male pigs were reared in groups ...
Seppälä Tellervo - - 2013
Our aim was to investigate how health related quality of life (HRQoL) influence on the success of weight management and how to utilize this information. Population-based longitudinal study. A community sample of apparently healthy middle-aged individuals living in Western Finland were invited to clinical survey in order to assess total ...
Al-Kawmani Ahmed A AA Department of Animal Production, College of Food Sciences and Agriculture, King Saud University, Saudi - - 2014
This experiment was designed to study the relationship between growth rate and sexual development in Najdi ram lambs. Forty-five Najdi ram lambs were used in nine age groups (1-9th month age), keeping 5 lambs in each group. Results show that mean testis size and scrotal circumference increased at a constant ...
Harper Robert L C - - 2013
We report long-term, including final height, auxological data from our retrospective study of non-irradiated survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). Body mass index (BMI) standard deviation score (SDS) increases in females, due to increased weight-SDS, persisted to final height, with probable adverse long-term health outcomes. In contrast, males demonstrated ...
Bottai Matteo - - 2013
Objective: To examine associations among age, physical activity (PA), and birth cohort on body mass index (BMI) percentiles in men. Design and Methods: Longitudinal analyses using quantile regression were conducted among men with ≥ two examinations between 1970 and 2006 from the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (n=17,759). Height and weight ...
Valvi Damaskini - - 2013
Increasing experimental evidence suggests that prenatal bisphenol A (BPA) exposure induces offspring weight gain, but these effects remain largely unexplored in humans. We examined the effects of prenatal BPA exposure on postnatal growth and obesity. BPA concentrations were measured in two spot-urine samples collected in the 1st and 3rd trimesters ...
Peterlin B Lee BL From the Departments of Neurology (B.L.P., J.R.R., R.F.G.) and Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences (J.A.H.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD; Department of Epidemiology (A.L.R.), Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, PA; Department of Epidemiology (M.A.W.), Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; Genetic Epidemiology Research Branch (K.R.M., J.-P.H.), Intramural Research Program, National Institute of Mental Health, NIH, Department of Health and Human Services, Bethesda, MD; Brown Alpert Medical School (D.S.B.), Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior/The Miriam Hospital, Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, Providence, RI; and Intramural Research Program (A.B.Z.), National Institute on Aging, Biomedical Research Center, NIH, Baltimore, - - 2013
To evaluate the episodic migraine (EM)-obesity association and the influence of age, race, and sex on this relationship. We examined the EM-obesity association and the influence of age, race, and sex in 3,862 adult participants of both black and white race interviewed in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. EM diagnostic ...
Drzał-Grabiec Justyna - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess changes in the shape of the feet while carrying a backpack constituting 10% of a child's weight. It was an observational, cross-sectional study involving 118 primary school children aged 11-13 years. Selected parameters of foot shape were assessed in both a normal ...
Zheng Hui - - 2013
Little research has addressed the heterogeneity and mortality risk in body mass index (BMI) trajectories among older populations. Applying latent class trajectory models to 9,538 adults aged 51 to 77 years from the US Health and Retirement Study (1992-2008), we defined 6 latent BMI trajectories: normal weight downward, normal weight ...
Froehle Andrew W - - 2013
This study examined relationships between excess body weight (EBW) loss and current gait and functional status in women 5 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Gait data were analyzed in nine female bariatric patients for relationships with longitudinal changes in weight, body composition, and physical function assessed by the Short Musculoskeletal ...
Pfaffenberger Stefan - - 2013
-Therapeutic decisions in cardiology are frequently determined by cardiac chamber size. To decide whether cardiac dimensions are still in the normal range, reliable reference values are needed. However, published reference values mostly refer to historical cohorts using M-Mode measurements, and have not been adjusted for gender or age. The impact ...
Chen Li-Jung - - 2013
This study examined the association between fitness change and subsequent academic performance in Taiwanese schoolchildren from 7th grade to 9th grade. The 7th graders from 1 junior high school district participated in this study (N = 669). Academic performance was extracted from school records at the end of each grade. Cardiovascular (CV) ...
Xie Tianwu - - 2013
AbstractRats at various ages were observed to present with different radiosensitivity and bioavailability for radiotracers commonly used in preclinical research. We evaluated the effect of age-induced changes in body weight on radiation dose calculations. A series of rat models at different age periods were constructed based on the realistic four-dimensional ...
Wyss - - 2013
Pododermatitis is a worldwide problem in captive flamingos. We performed an evaluation of different influence factors (age, sex, weight, origin, breeding status) and a comparison of foot lesions between several zoological institutions and the feet of free-ranging Greater flamingos (Phoenicopterus roseus). A scoring system was used to determine the prevalence ...
Sumnik Z - - 2013
Objectives: To present gender-specific pediatric normative data on the main parameters of muscle function assessed using jumping mechanography. Methods: The study population included 796 non-selected Caucasian children and adolescents (432 girls and 364 boys) aged 6-19 years recruited from 6 primary schools and 3 high schools. Maximum peak power (Pmax) ...
Sumnik Z - - 2013
Objectives: To present gender-specific pediatric normative data on the main parameters of muscle function assessed using jumping mechanography. Methods: The study population included 796 non-selected Caucasian children and adolescents (432 girls and 364 boys) aged 6-19 years recruited from 6 primary schools and 3 high schools. Maximum peak power (Pmax) ...
Hadzić Vedran - - 2013
The aim of the study was to investigate the existence of bilateral asymmetry in healthy basketball players of different age, as evidence suggest that it may be an age related phenomenon which develops over the years of training. Fifty healthy basketball players (26 males and 24 females) participated in the ...
Bassichetto Katia Cristina KC Sao Paulo Municipal Health Secretariat, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2013
The nutritional status of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is related to morbidity and mortality and its monitoring is important in the maintenance of the health status. This is a cross-sectional study carried out in Brazilian National Health System in the Municipality of São Paulo. It describes anthropometrical characteristics: weight ...
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