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Results 251 - 300 of 2314
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Lausten-Thomsen Ulrik - - 2013
Epidemiological and animal studies have suggested an effect of the intrauterine milieu upon the development of childhood obesity. This study investigates the relationship between body composition measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry expressed as body fat percent, body fat mass index (BFMI), and fat free mass index (FFMI) in obese ...
Teklebrhan Tsegay - - 2013
A study was conducted to assess the effect of genetic and non-genetic factors (litter size, sex of lamb, and parity of dam) on pre-weaning growth performance of crossbred lambs (75 % Dorper (DR) 25 % indigenous lambs; and 50 % Dorper 50 % indigenous lambs) under semi-intensive husbandry practices in eastern Ethiopia. Data from ...
Martínez-Lapuente Leticia - - 2013
The evolution in polysaccharide composition and molecular weights during sparkling wine making and aging was studied for the first time in this work. Different autochthonous grape varieties from Spain (Verdejo, Viura, Malvası́a, Albarı́n, Godello, Garnacha and Prieto Picudo) were used to elaborate sparkling wines following the champenoise method. Principal component ...
Bazzoli I - - 2013
The sale of cull cows contributes to the overall profit of dairy herds. The objective of this study was to quantify the factors associated with slaughter age (mo), cow carcass weight (kg), price (€/kg of carcass weight), and value (€/head) of dairy cull cows. Data included 20,995 slaughter records in ...
Mallan Kimberley M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine whether maternal-report of child eating behaviour at two years predicted self-regulation of energy intake and weight status at four years. Using an 'eating in the absence of hunger' paradigm, children's energy intake (kJ) from a semi-standardized lunch meal and a standardized selection ...
Yang Li-Chan - - 2013
In this study, the innate immuno-modulatory effects and anti-cancer action of arabinogalactan (AG), a derivative of a well-known orchid, Anoectochilus formosanus, were investigated. The innate immuno-modulatory effects of AG were determined in vitro using RAW 264.7 cells for microarray analysis, and in vivo using BALB/c mice administrated with AG at ...
Mummed Yesihak Yusuf - - 2013
This study was conducted with the aim to evaluate correlation between milk suckled and growth of calves of Ogaden cattle managed in Beef farm at Harmaya University, eastern Ethiopia. Data was collected by a method of weight-suckle-weight once in a week from 269 calves born from 1994 to 2004. Weight ...
Rimmer James H - - 2013
Weight reduction programs are not generally designed or adapted for people with physical disabilities. This study examined the effect of a 9-months remote, telephone-based weight management program for people with physical disabilities using a Web-based system (Personalized Online Weight and Exercise Response System [POWERS]). A total of 102 participants (mean ...
Catikkas Fatih F Bartin University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Bartin, - - 2013
Although there are enough studies concerning the kinanthropometric attributes of players of sports such as football, basketball, or volleyball in Turkey, there are not enough studies on the same for combat sports. Hence, our aim is to assess the kinanthropometric attributes of different combat sports like karate, taekwondo, judo and ...
Teixeira André Luiz S - - 2013
The association between phases of the menstrual cycle and body image was investigated. 44 university women (M age = 23.3 yr., SD = 4.7) judged their perceived and ideal body size, and body dissatisfaction was calculated at each phase of the menstrual cycle, including premenstrual, menstrual, and intermenstrual. Participants selected ...
Guedes Dartagnan Pinto DP Centro de Pesquisa em Ciências da Saúde, Unopar, LondrinaPR, - - 2013
To assess the prevalence of low body weight/thinness, overweight and obesity in a representative sample of children and adolescents from a Brazilian region with low economic development. A total of 982 girls and 986 boys, aged seven to 17 years old and assisted by Segundo Tempo Program, from Montes Claros, ...
Thuilliez Céline - - 2013
The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the incidence and severity of tubular atrophy/hypoplasia in the testes of 104 control Göttingen minipigs aged 4.5 to 15 months. The finding was termed "tubular hypoplasia/atrophy" according to published descriptions for the dog. It included different microscopic changes that were considered ...
Ummunah J O - - 2013
Muscular endurance of the back extensors is less frequently assessed than muscular strength, although the endurance capabilities of these muscles may be as important as the strength in the prevention and treatment of low-back pain. The study aimed to establish reference values, pattern of back extensor endurance and the relationship ...
Bragge Timo T Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2013
There are currently very few of studies which have evaluated the role of bariatric surgery in joint loadings and changes in gait. We wanted to examine how impulsive loading would change level and stair walking in severely or morbidly obese subjects after they had undergone bariatric surgery and weight loss. ...
Blazek Katerina - - 2013
Articular cartilage is sensitive to mechanical loading, so increased risk of osteoarthritis in older or obese individuals may be linked to changes in the relationship between cartilage properties and extrinsic joint loads. A positive relationship has been reported between ambulatory loads and cartilage thickness in young individuals, but whether this ...
Tabesh Hamed - - 2014
Obesity is an important risk factor for some chronic diseases. Since the effect of obesity is long-standing, monitoring childhood obesity should be the first step in the health policy for interventions regarding early prevention of chronic diseases. In this study we aim to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity ...
Lyons Claire - - 2013
This study explored the relationship between implicit theories of the body (ITB) and self-reported physical activity. ITB are beliefs about the malleability of the body. Individuals may hold entity ITB (that body appearance is fixed) or incremental ITB (that body appearance can be changed). Female undergraduate students (N = 313) ...
Zhu Zezhang - - 2013
Study Design. A prospective, cross-sectional studyObjective. To investigate the normal values of sagittal spinal and pelvic parameters in Chinese population, and to determine the influence of age, gender, weight and ethnicity on variations of these parameters.Summary of Background Data. A few studies have been conducted to evaluate the morphology and ...
Acevedo Paula P Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore, based on sex and age, knowledge regarding weight, height, and the perception of body shape in Spanish adults who attend dietary consultation. We also wanted to determine the participants' desired body shapes and what they considered their best health status. The sample ...
Roddy Edward - - 2013
To estimate the population prevalence of symptomatic radiographic osteoarthritis (OA) affecting the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ), 1st and 2nd cuneometatarsal joints (CMJs), navicular first cuneiform joint (NCJ) and talonavicular joint (TNJ) in community-dwelling older adults. 9334 adults aged ≥50 years registered with four general practices were mailed a health survey. ...
Hansson Lena M - - 2013
This study examined the associations of different socio-demographic and psychological factors with attitudes towards obesity. Individuals with different weight status (N=2436) were drawn from an annual population-based survey in Sweden, and data on attitudes towards obesity (ATOP) and predictor variables were assessed in 2008. The strongest predictor of ATOP was ...
Inge Thomas H TH Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave, MLC 2023, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039. - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that adolescent obesity would be associated with greater risks of adverse health in severely obese adults. Before weight loss surgery, adult participants in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2 underwent detailed anthropometric and comorbidity assessment. Weight status at age 18 was retrospectively determined. Participants who were ...
Stenholm S - - 2013
Objective:To examine the independent and combined associations of obesity and muscle strength with mortality in adult men and women.Design:Follow-up study with 33 years of mortality follow-up.Subjects:A total of 3 594 men and women aged 50-91 years at baseline with 3 043 deaths during the follow-up.Measurement:Body mass index (BMI) and handgrip ...
Deputy Nicholas P - - 2013
Objectives. We determined differences in weight at age 18 years and at current age and weight change by sexual orientation within different racial/ethnic populations, stratifying by gender. Methods. We used 2001-2007 data from the California Health Interview Survey, resulting in an unweighted sample of 120 274 individuals aged 18 to 74 ...
Genu A - - 2013
The purpose of our study is to determine whether there is a relation between overweight, age, sex, "hospitalised/outpatient" status and a non-inflammatory hypersignal of the subcutaneous lumbosacral adipose tissue in T2 Short-Tau Inversion-Recovery (T2-STIR) MR imaging sequences. One hundred and six lumbar MRI, including a T2-STIR and T1 Fluid Attenuated ...
Ning Yi - - 2013
Impact of lifestyle modification on obesity control during adolescence, a period of significant physical growth and development, is less quantitatively evaluated. Therefore, we investigated the impact of changes in reported energy intake and physical activity on anthropometrics and body composition in adolescents. Participants were obese adolescents aged 11-18 years. All of ...
Paulson James F - - 2013
As we have previously published, SGA (<3% birth weight) newborns exhibit catch-up cognitive functioning by age 2 years. Our objective was to compare cognitive functioning in children born with ≥ 90% vs. 5-89% birth weight for gestational age (WGA) between 9 months and kindergarten. Non-anomalous singletons from Early Childhood Longitudinal ...
Eves Frank F - - 2013
Perception of hill slant is exaggerated in explicit awareness. Proffitt (Perspectives on Psychological Science 1:110-122, 2006) argued that explicit perception of the slant of a climb allows individuals to plan locomotion in keeping with their available locomotor resources, yet no behavioral evidence supports this contention. Pedestrians in a built environment ...
Sagna Marguerite L - - 2013
To develop algorithm equations that could be used to adjust self-reported height and weight to elicit better estimates of actual BMI. Linear regression analyses were performed to generate equations that could predict actual height and weight from self-reported data collected through telephone interviews on a representative sample of Canadians aged ...
O'Grady Jason S - - 2013
Overweight and obese individuals have increased health risks. Clinical reminders positively affect health outcomes in diabetes and osteoporosis, but the effect of automated prompts on weight loss in obesity has not been studied. Our objective was to determine whether an automatic prompt for the clinician to recommend lifestyle changes to ...
Fernandes Maria Teresa Bechere - - 2013
To test whether weight and the weight gain rate during different age periods are associated with being overweight/obese at 10 years of age. A nested case-control study was performed in a clinical historic cohort that was selected based on medical records from the Albert Einstein Hospital Social Program in São ...
Ayele Esrael - - 2013
Although a declining trend in age at menarche has been observed in developed countries over decades commonly attributed to childhood excessive weight gain and sedentary life, little is known about this case in the developing countries. A cross-sectional study design and multistage sampling was used to include 660 school adolescents ...
Rivers K K Department of Family Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital, Public Hospitals Authority, Nassau, Bahamas. - - 2013
To explore the association between obesity and the development of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in Bahamian adolescents. Eight hundred and seventy-three adolescents were randomly selected from five high schools in New Providence. Each student's weight, height, and waist and hip circumferences were recorded to determine body mass index (BMI). Individuals ...
De Palo P P Department of Veterinary Medicine, S.P. per Casamassima, km 3, 70010 Valenzano (BA), - - 2013
The present work describes the effect of slaughtering age on horse carcass traits and on meat quality. Eighteen male Italian heavy draught horse (IHDH) breed foals were employed in the study. Soon after foaling they were randomly subdivided in 3 groups according to 3 age at slaughtering classes: 6 months ...
Okoro E O - - 2013
Following our previous observation of an aversion to weight reduction in Nigerians with type 2 diabetes, we measured several parameters of body dimensions and preferences in otherwise healthy adults in three communities to study the phenomenon further. The study population of 524 participants (304 F) was 99.8 % of Yoruba ethnic ...
Melching-Kollmuß Stephanie - - 2013
Preputial separation (PPS) is a commonly used external marker for the onset of male puberty in experimental animal studies. While treatment-related delays in PPS may be indicative of specific anti-androgenic activity, impaired general growth also alters the onset of puberty. To differentiate between specific and non-specific effects on the age ...
Kulendran M - - 2013
Background:Obese individuals are known to be more impulsive than their normal weight counterparts. Impulsivity has been postulated to be a predictor of weight loss.Design:A pre-post study was designed to determine for first time whether impulsivity changed with weight loss during a lifestyle and physical activity intervention lasting 2-8 weeks.Subjects:53 obese ...
Rodriguez Julio J Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Forty-eight male calves (3/4 Brahman×1/4 Charolais) were used to determine carcass cutability and meat tenderness of Longissimus lumborum (LL), Gluteus medius (GM), Semitendinosus (ST) and Psoas major (PM) steaks from lighter weight carcasses of bulls and steers castrated at 3, 7, or 12mo of age grown under tropical pasture conditions. ...
Adams Kenneth F - - 2014
Using data from the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study, we evaluated the influence of adulthood weight history on mortality risk. The National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study is an observational cohort study of US men and women who were aged 50-71 years at entry in ...
Sonneville Kendrin R - - 2013
The effect of years of residence in the US on the weight of adolescents is unclear. We examined the association between generation (i.e. 1st, 1.5, 2nd, and 3rd) and weight indicators among Boston adolescents. Data are from a sample of 1,420 9-12th grade public school students in Boston, Massachusetts. We ...
Tang-Péronard Jeanett L - - 2013
Chemicals with endocrine-disrupting abilities may act as obesogens and interfere with the body's natural weight-control mechanisms, especially if exposure occurs during prenatal life. We examined the association between prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) and subsequent obesity at 5 and 7 y of age. From 1997 to ...
Brochu Pierre - - 2013
Physiological daily inhalation rates reported in our previous study for normal-weight subjects 2.6-96 years old were compared to inhalation data determined in free-living overweight/obese individuals (n = 661) aged 5-96 years. Inhalation rates were also calculated in normal-weight (n = 408), overweight (n = 225), and obese classes 1, 2, ...
Tarrant Roslyn C RC Medical - - 2013
Study Design. Retrospective cohort study.Objective. To determine the association between low preoperative body mass index (BMI) and outcome of spinal fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS).Summary of Background Data. Several studies report a lower weight and BMI in untreated AIS subjects compared with non-scoliotic age-matched controls. However, very little is ...
Luciano Alexandre P - - 2013
We aimed to estimate the median ages at specific stages of sexual maturity stratified by excess weight in boys and girls.Materials and method: This was a cross-sectional study made in 2007 in Florianopolis, Brazil, with 2,339 schoolchildren between 8 to 14 years of age (1,107 boys) selected at random in ...
Malomane Dorcus Kholofelo - - 2013
Body weight and weight of body parts are of economic importance. It is difficult to directly predict body weight from highly correlated morphological traits through multiple regression. Factor analysis was carried out to examine the relationship between body weight and five linear body measurements (body length, body girth, wing length, ...
Meeuwes M M Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2013
To evaluate the occurrence of low bone mineral density (BMD) and its relationship with clinical and laboratorial characteristics in children and young adults with sickle cell anaemia living in Northeast-Brazil, and to assess the role of radiography in diagnosing low BMD. Bone mineral density of lumbar spine was measured by ...
Kark M - - 2013
Social inequalities in type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease may be established in formative school years. We investigated whether school performance is associated with adiposity and increase in body mass index (BMI) between 10 and 15-years-of-age. A community sample of 2,633 school children had height and weight measured in ...
Gaillard Romy R Generation R Study Group (R.G., V.W.V.J.) and the Departments of Epidemiology (R.G., H.T., A.H., V.W.V.J.), Paediatrics (R.G., V.W.V.J.), Obstetrics and Gynaecology (E.A.P.S.), and Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (H.T.), Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2013
Suboptimal fetal nutrition may influence early growth and cardiovascular development. We examined whether umbilical and uterine artery resistance indices, as measures of feto-placental and utero-placental vascular function, respectively, are associated with fetal and childhood growth and cardiovascular development. This study was embedded in a population-based prospective cohort study among 6716 ...
Greenwood P L - - 2013
Data from 2 previously published experiments - New South Wales (NSW; n = 161) and Western Australia (WA; n = 135) - were used to test molecular value predictions (MVP), generated from commercially available gene markers, on economically important traits of Bos indicus (Brahman) cattle. Favorable tenderness MVP scores were ...
Proper Karin I - - 2013
Stress has been shown to be a determinant of weight change and risk for obesity. To date, there is scarce evidence that stressful life events and their severity contribute to changes in body weight. We studied the association between the occurrence, impact of and adaptation to adverse life events and ...
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