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Results 201 - 250 of 2277
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Patel Pravin P Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, - - 2014
Children with mucopolysaccharidosis II (MPS II), also known as Hunter syndrome, an X-linked disorder, suffer from a multisystem dysfunction caused by the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans. However, there has been no systemic report on the growth of patients with MPS II. The purpose of this study is to describe the growth ...
Driussi Caterina - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in subjects with long-term spinal cord injury (SCI). More specific recommendations for CVD prevention in this population are needed. One hundred thirty male subjects (47 subjects with SCI and 83 able-bodied persons (ABPs), mean age 43.89 ± 1.9 and ...
Mannocci Alice A Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Malattie Infettive, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy. E-mail: - - 2014
Objectives. The aim of this study was to quantify the level of health related quality of life and burnout in a call centers sample of precarious workers. Methods. An observational study was carried out in Italy. A self-reported anonymous questionnaire was administered to temporary workers in order to estimate burn-out ...
Frerichs Leah L College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, - - 2014
Objective. The aims of this study were to (1) assess physical activity and weight status differences and (2) explore the direction and shape of subjective social status (SSS) association with physical activity and weight status within four Asian countries. Methods. Cross section data of adult respondents from the nationally representative ...
de Cock Marijke M Section Health and Life Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Growth in the first year of life may already be predictive of obesity later in childhood. The objective was to assess the association between prenatal exposure to various endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and child growth during the first year. Dichloro-diphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), mono(2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl)phthalate (MECPP), mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl)phthalate (MEHHP), mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate (MEOHP), polychlorinated biphenyl-153, perfluorooctanesulfonic ...
Chibsa Merga B MB School of Animal & Range Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, Post Box 138, Haramaya, - - 2014
This experiment was conducted with the aim to define the weaning age of camel calves managed with pastoral farmers in eastern Ethiopia. Twenty camel calves (11 males and 9 females) were randomly assigned into five blocks based on their birth date. Calves within a block were further assigned to one ...
Karahalios Amalia A Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Cancer Epidemiology Centre, Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
The association between change in weight or body mass index, and mortality is widely reported, however, both measures fail to account for fat distribution. Change in waist circumference, a measure of central adiposity, in relation to mortality has not been studied extensively. We investigated the association between mortality and changes ...
Wilkinson Michelle Lynn ML The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Public Health, Houston, - - 2014
National guidelines state that health care professionals (HCPs) should advise patients on the importance of maintaining a healthy weight. Firefighters have high rates of obesity, and cardiovascular events are the leading cause of line-of-duty deaths in firefighters. This study assessed the association of age and body mass index (BMI) with ...
Hoffman Martin D MD Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Veterans Affairs, Northern California Health Care System, Sacramento, - - 2013
Little is known about the sociodemographics and lifestyle behaviors of ultramarathon runners, and the effects of these characteristics on body weight and body mass index (BMI). We cross-sectionally analyzed baseline data of 1,212 ultramarathoners on sociodemographics, lifestyle behaviors and BMI from the initial 12-month enrollment period in a longitudinal observational ...
Evenden M L - - 2013
The mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) is the most damaging pest of mature pine (Pinaceae) in western North America. Although mountain pine beetles have an obligate dispersal phase during which adults must locate a new host for brood production, dispersal is a poorly understood aspect of ...
Cho Won Kyoung WK Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
Currently, little information is available about current growth status and metabolic syndrome (MetS) components according to birth weight at gestational age (BWGA) on Korean adolescents. Herein, we compared the current height and weight and MetS components of Korean adolescents who were born as small for gestational age (SGA) to appropriate ...
Bryant Elizabeth S ES a Department of Biomolecular and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences , Coventry University , Coventry , - - 2013
Abstract Weight status has been shown to have a negative impact on children's competence in performing fundamental movement skills (FMSs). Following ethics approval and informed consent, 281 children in years 2-6 from a school in central England volunteered to participate. Each child performed eight FMSs (run, hop, gallop, jump, balance, ...
Quick Virginia - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . To examine relationships of sleep, eating, and exercise behaviors; work time pressures; and sociodemographic characteristics by weight status (healthy weight [body mass index or BMI < 25] vs. overweight [BMI ≥ 25]) of young adults. Design . Cross-sectional. Setting . Nine U.S. universities. Subjects . Enrolled college ...
Lopes V P VP Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), Bragança, Portugal; Department of Sports Science of Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Bragança, - - 2013
Research indicates the development of motor co-ordination (MC) may be an important contributing factor to positive or negative weight trajectories across childhood. To analyse cross-sectional associations between MC and weight status in children (boys n = 3344 - girls n = 3281), aged 6-11 years and assess overweight/obese risk across ...
Kuchlbauer Veronika V Department of Woman and Child Health, Centre of Paediatric Research, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, - - 2013
Aim of this study was to test Wilkin's 'accelerator hypothesis': whether excessive weight gain accelerates the onset of type 1 diabetes. Anthropometric birth data of 1117 children who developed diabetes between 1988 and April 2013 were compared with those of a sex, age, and gestational age matched, contemporary regional control ...
Park Sohyun - - 2013
Because there is limited information on associations between health-related knowledge and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake, our cross-sectional study examined this question using the 2010 HealthStyles Survey data for 3,926 adults (aged ≥18 years). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the adjusted odds ratios and 95% CIs for drinking ...
Namwongprom Sirianong S Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand. E-mail: - - 2013
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare body fat distribution using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in young adult subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS) with those without MS and also to determine whether a significant association existed between total body fat mass (FM) and MS along with the effect ...
Keller Carmen C ETH Zurich, Department of Health Sciences and Technology Universitätstrasse 22, CHN J75.2 CH-8092, Zurich Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2013
In a random sample (N=1078) from the general population, this study examined whether individual differences in dispositional self-control can explain restrained eaters' success in controlling their weight. A regression analysis with body mass index (BMI) as dependent variable revealed a significant negative association between dispositional self-control and BMI, and a ...
Lausten-Thomsen Ulrik - - 2013
Epidemiological and animal studies have suggested an effect of the intrauterine milieu upon the development of childhood obesity. This study investigates the relationship between body composition measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry expressed as body fat percent, body fat mass index (BFMI), and fat free mass index (FFMI) in obese ...
Teklebrhan Tsegay - - 2013
A study was conducted to assess the effect of genetic and non-genetic factors (litter size, sex of lamb, and parity of dam) on pre-weaning growth performance of crossbred lambs (75 % Dorper (DR) 25 % indigenous lambs; and 50 % Dorper 50 % indigenous lambs) under semi-intensive husbandry practices in eastern Ethiopia. Data from ...
Martínez-Lapuente Leticia - - 2013
The evolution in polysaccharide composition and molecular weights during sparkling wine making and aging was studied for the first time in this work. Different autochthonous grape varieties from Spain (Verdejo, Viura, Malvası́a, Albarı́n, Godello, Garnacha and Prieto Picudo) were used to elaborate sparkling wines following the champenoise method. Principal component ...
Bazzoli I - - 2013
The sale of cull cows contributes to the overall profit of dairy herds. The objective of this study was to quantify the factors associated with slaughter age (mo), cow carcass weight (kg), price (€/kg of carcass weight), and value (€/head) of dairy cull cows. Data included 20,995 slaughter records in ...
Mallan Kimberley M - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine whether maternal-report of child eating behaviour at two years predicted self-regulation of energy intake and weight status at four years. Using an 'eating in the absence of hunger' paradigm, children's energy intake (kJ) from a semi-standardized lunch meal and a standardized selection ...
Yang Li-Chan - - 2013
In this study, the innate immuno-modulatory effects and anti-cancer action of arabinogalactan (AG), a derivative of a well-known orchid, Anoectochilus formosanus, were investigated. The innate immuno-modulatory effects of AG were determined in vitro using RAW 264.7 cells for microarray analysis, and in vivo using BALB/c mice administrated with AG at ...
Mummed Yesihak Yusuf - - 2013
This study was conducted with the aim to evaluate correlation between milk suckled and growth of calves of Ogaden cattle managed in Beef farm at Harmaya University, eastern Ethiopia. Data was collected by a method of weight-suckle-weight once in a week from 269 calves born from 1994 to 2004. Weight ...
Rimmer James H - - 2013
Weight reduction programs are not generally designed or adapted for people with physical disabilities. This study examined the effect of a 9-months remote, telephone-based weight management program for people with physical disabilities using a Web-based system (Personalized Online Weight and Exercise Response System [POWERS]). A total of 102 participants (mean ...
Guedes Dartagnan Pinto DP Centro de Pesquisa em Ciências da Saúde, Unopar, LondrinaPR, - - 2013
To assess the prevalence of low body weight/thinness, overweight and obesity in a representative sample of children and adolescents from a Brazilian region with low economic development. A total of 982 girls and 986 boys, aged seven to 17 years old and assisted by Segundo Tempo Program, from Montes Claros, ...
Catikkas Fatih F Bartin University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Bartin, - - 2013
Although there are enough studies concerning the kinanthropometric attributes of players of sports such as football, basketball, or volleyball in Turkey, there are not enough studies on the same for combat sports. Hence, our aim is to assess the kinanthropometric attributes of different combat sports like karate, taekwondo, judo and ...
Teixeira André Luiz S - - 2013
The association between phases of the menstrual cycle and body image was investigated. 44 university women (M age = 23.3 yr., SD = 4.7) judged their perceived and ideal body size, and body dissatisfaction was calculated at each phase of the menstrual cycle, including premenstrual, menstrual, and intermenstrual. Participants selected ...
Thuilliez Céline - - 2013
The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the incidence and severity of tubular atrophy/hypoplasia in the testes of 104 control Göttingen minipigs aged 4.5 to 15 months. The finding was termed "tubular hypoplasia/atrophy" according to published descriptions for the dog. It included different microscopic changes that were considered ...
Ummunah J O - - 2013
Muscular endurance of the back extensors is less frequently assessed than muscular strength, although the endurance capabilities of these muscles may be as important as the strength in the prevention and treatment of low-back pain. The study aimed to establish reference values, pattern of back extensor endurance and the relationship ...
Bragge Timo T Department of Applied Physics, University of Eastern Finland, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2013
There are currently very few of studies which have evaluated the role of bariatric surgery in joint loadings and changes in gait. We wanted to examine how impulsive loading would change level and stair walking in severely or morbidly obese subjects after they had undergone bariatric surgery and weight loss. ...
Blazek Katerina - - 2013
Articular cartilage is sensitive to mechanical loading, so increased risk of osteoarthritis in older or obese individuals may be linked to changes in the relationship between cartilage properties and extrinsic joint loads. A positive relationship has been reported between ambulatory loads and cartilage thickness in young individuals, but whether this ...
Tabesh Hamed - - 2014
Obesity is an important risk factor for some chronic diseases. Since the effect of obesity is long-standing, monitoring childhood obesity should be the first step in the health policy for interventions regarding early prevention of chronic diseases. In this study we aim to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity ...
Lyons Claire - - 2013
This study explored the relationship between implicit theories of the body (ITB) and self-reported physical activity. ITB are beliefs about the malleability of the body. Individuals may hold entity ITB (that body appearance is fixed) or incremental ITB (that body appearance can be changed). Female undergraduate students (N = 313) ...
Zhu Zezhang - - 2013
Study Design. A prospective, cross-sectional studyObjective. To investigate the normal values of sagittal spinal and pelvic parameters in Chinese population, and to determine the influence of age, gender, weight and ethnicity on variations of these parameters.Summary of Background Data. A few studies have been conducted to evaluate the morphology and ...
Acevedo Paula P Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to explore, based on sex and age, knowledge regarding weight, height, and the perception of body shape in Spanish adults who attend dietary consultation. We also wanted to determine the participants' desired body shapes and what they considered their best health status. The sample ...
Roddy Edward - - 2013
To estimate the population prevalence of symptomatic radiographic osteoarthritis (OA) affecting the 1st metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ), 1st and 2nd cuneometatarsal joints (CMJs), navicular first cuneiform joint (NCJ) and talonavicular joint (TNJ) in community-dwelling older adults. 9334 adults aged ≥50 years registered with four general practices were mailed a health survey. ...
Hansson Lena M - - 2013
This study examined the associations of different socio-demographic and psychological factors with attitudes towards obesity. Individuals with different weight status (N=2436) were drawn from an annual population-based survey in Sweden, and data on attitudes towards obesity (ATOP) and predictor variables were assessed in 2008. The strongest predictor of ATOP was ...
Inge Thomas H TH Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave, MLC 2023, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039. - - 2013
To test the hypothesis that adolescent obesity would be associated with greater risks of adverse health in severely obese adults. Before weight loss surgery, adult participants in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2 underwent detailed anthropometric and comorbidity assessment. Weight status at age 18 was retrospectively determined. Participants who were ...
Stenholm S - - 2013
Objective:To examine the independent and combined associations of obesity and muscle strength with mortality in adult men and women.Design:Follow-up study with 33 years of mortality follow-up.Subjects:A total of 3 594 men and women aged 50-91 years at baseline with 3 043 deaths during the follow-up.Measurement:Body mass index (BMI) and handgrip ...
Deputy Nicholas P - - 2013
Objectives. We determined differences in weight at age 18 years and at current age and weight change by sexual orientation within different racial/ethnic populations, stratifying by gender. Methods. We used 2001-2007 data from the California Health Interview Survey, resulting in an unweighted sample of 120 274 individuals aged 18 to 74 ...
Genu A - - 2013
The purpose of our study is to determine whether there is a relation between overweight, age, sex, "hospitalised/outpatient" status and a non-inflammatory hypersignal of the subcutaneous lumbosacral adipose tissue in T2 Short-Tau Inversion-Recovery (T2-STIR) MR imaging sequences. One hundred and six lumbar MRI, including a T2-STIR and T1 Fluid Attenuated ...
Ning Yi - - 2013
Impact of lifestyle modification on obesity control during adolescence, a period of significant physical growth and development, is less quantitatively evaluated. Therefore, we investigated the impact of changes in reported energy intake and physical activity on anthropometrics and body composition in adolescents. Participants were obese adolescents aged 11-18 years. All of ...
Paulson James F - - 2013
As we have previously published, SGA (<3% birth weight) newborns exhibit catch-up cognitive functioning by age 2 years. Our objective was to compare cognitive functioning in children born with ≥ 90% vs. 5-89% birth weight for gestational age (WGA) between 9 months and kindergarten. Non-anomalous singletons from Early Childhood Longitudinal ...
Eves Frank F - - 2013
Perception of hill slant is exaggerated in explicit awareness. Proffitt (Perspectives on Psychological Science 1:110-122, 2006) argued that explicit perception of the slant of a climb allows individuals to plan locomotion in keeping with their available locomotor resources, yet no behavioral evidence supports this contention. Pedestrians in a built environment ...
Sagna Marguerite L - - 2013
To develop algorithm equations that could be used to adjust self-reported height and weight to elicit better estimates of actual BMI. Linear regression analyses were performed to generate equations that could predict actual height and weight from self-reported data collected through telephone interviews on a representative sample of Canadians aged ...
O'Grady Jason S - - 2013
Overweight and obese individuals have increased health risks. Clinical reminders positively affect health outcomes in diabetes and osteoporosis, but the effect of automated prompts on weight loss in obesity has not been studied. Our objective was to determine whether an automatic prompt for the clinician to recommend lifestyle changes to ...
Fernandes Maria Teresa Bechere - - 2013
To test whether weight and the weight gain rate during different age periods are associated with being overweight/obese at 10 years of age. A nested case-control study was performed in a clinical historic cohort that was selected based on medical records from the Albert Einstein Hospital Social Program in São ...
Ayele Esrael - - 2013
Although a declining trend in age at menarche has been observed in developed countries over decades commonly attributed to childhood excessive weight gain and sedentary life, little is known about this case in the developing countries. A cross-sectional study design and multistage sampling was used to include 660 school adolescents ...
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