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Results 201 - 250 of 2312
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Tejero-González Carlos M CM Departamento de Educación Física. Deporte y Motricidad Humana. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. España.. - - 2014
Introduction: The objective of this study was to analyse the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics, body weight perception and physical fitness perception. Methods: Survey by means of personal interview. The sample consisted of 8,594 participants living in Spain between 15 and 97 years of age. Sampling error was ±1.07%. Results: Of ...
Sivachidambaram Kulandaivelan K Department of Physiotherapy, GJUST, Hisar, Haryana 125 001, - - 2014
Purpose. Objective of the present study was to see the correlation of subjectively measured KOOS questionnaire with objectively measured 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), age, height, weight, and BMI. Participants. 251 subjects with OA knee based on American College of Rheumatology criteria. Methods. After passing inclusion and exclusion criteria, the following ...
Altarriba-Bartes Albert A Performance Department, New York Red Bulls, New York, New York, - - 2014
Taekwondo injuries differ according to the characteristics of the athletes and the competition. This analytical cross-sectional retrospective cohort study aimed to describe reported taekwondo injuries and to determine the prevalence, characteristics and possible risk factors for injuries sustained by athletes of the Spanish national team. In addition, we compared each ...
Dimitriou Lygeri L Middlesex University, London Sport Institute, London, - - 2014
To determine bone mineral density (BMD) and the associations among BMD, menstrual history, disordered eating (DE), training history, intentional weight loss (IWL) and rib pain for the first time in female lightweight rowers. 9 lightweight rowing clubs, UK. 29 Caucasian female lightweight rowers volunteered. 21 (12 active, 9 retired) completed ...
Song Yun-Mi YM Department of Family Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, 633-165 Kaegum-dong, Busan Jin-gu, Busan, South Korea (614-735). kayoung.fmlky@gmail.com; - - 2014
We examined the relationships of combined initial restrained and external/emotional eating with initial BMI and change in weight and these subscales over time. BMI and the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire were twicemeasured in 1361 Korean twins and families (482 men, 879 women) over a period of 2.7±0.9 years. Subjects were ...
da Silva Alessandra Ferreira AF Faculdade de Agronomia e Veterinária, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, Distrito Federal 70910-900 - - 2014
The once bred ewe slaughter method proposes the use of female lamb to produce a lamb and then both are slaughtered, increasing income and high quality meat production. Thus, this study evaluated the growth and reproduction performance of ewe lamb from Santa Inês (SI), a naturalized genetic resource, and their ...
García-Calzón Sonia S Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Physiology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, - - 2014
Telomeres are biomarkers of biological aging. Shorter telomeres have been associated with increased adiposity in adults. However, this relationship remains unclear in children and adolescents. To evaluate the association between telomere length (TL) and adiposity markers in overweight/obese adolescents after an intensive program. We hypothesize that greater TL at baseline ...
Song Young-Hwan YH Department of Pediatrics, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Height-specific blood pressure (BP) is the standard parameter used to diagnose childhood hypertension. However, there has been some argument that weight may be a better variable than height in the reference BP standards. Therefore, before assessing the BP status using the reference BP standards, a basic understanding of the fundamental ...
Jasper A A Department of Radiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Objectives: The aim of this study was to establish normal diameters for the suprarenal and infrarenal abdominal aorta measured at T12 and L3 vertebral levels in the Indian population and to study the variation in aortic diameters with age, sex, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and body surface area ...
Talaie-Zanjani A A Department of Health and Nutrition, Islamic Azad University of Arak, Arak, - - 2014
The prevalence of obesity and overweight in children and adolescents is increasing world-wide. Obesity in children and adolescents is a major risk factor for diabetes, heart diseases, hypertension, and cancer in adulthood. The aim of the study was to compare the nutritional status and food-stuffs among high-school girls in Arak, ...
Xiong F - - 2014
As the intrauterine environment can effect children's growth and development, this study aimed to explore the relationship between birth high-risk and physique situation of 9 to 15-year-old children by cross-sectional investigation, and to provide clues for the monitoring, prevention, and treatment of growth deviation in children. This study recruited 7,194 ...
Augusteyn Robert C RC Vision Cooperative Research Centre, School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of NSW, Sydney, Australia ; Ophthalmic Biophysics Center, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL ; Biochemistry Department, La Trobe University, Bundoora, - - 2014
To examine the accumulation of wet and/or dry weight in the ocular lens as a function of age in different species. Wet weights and/or fixed dry weights were obtained from measurements in the author's laboratory and from the literature for over 14,000 lenses of known-ages, representing 130 different species. Various ...
Benedet Jucemar J Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação Física, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário, Trindade, Santa Catarina 88040900, Florianópolis, Brazil. - - 2014
Studies addressing the influence of early sexual maturation on the excess of body weight and height of children and adolescents are scarce. The aim of the study was to analyze the association of sexual maturation with excess body weight and height in children and adolescents. This was a cross-sectional study ...
Danmaigoro A A Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B 2346, Sokoto, - - 2014
The present study aimed at examining the gross and morphometry of the reproductive tract of the male bats (Eidolon helvum). Thirty male bats (adults n = 17 and juveniles n = 13) were captured using net, weighed, aged using relative ossification of the wing bone, and dissected for gross examination. ...
Fatemifar Ghazaleh G Medical Research Council Integrative Epidemiology Unit, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United - - 2014
Cross sectional studies suggest a link may exist between tooth emergence and obesity. To explore this relationship, we aimed to evaluate the prospective associations between primary tooth emergence and anthropometric measures in young adults. Multivariable linear regression was used to analyse relationships between primary tooth emergence, and anthropometric measures measured ...
Legleye Stéphane S Institut national d'études démographiques (INED), Paris, France; Inserm, U669, Univ Paris-Sud and Univ Paris Descartes, UMR-S0669, Paris, - - 2014
To propose a simple correction of body-mass index (BMI) based on self-reported weight and height (reported BMI) using gender, body shape perception and socioeconomic status in an adolescent population. 341 boys and girls aged 17-18 years were randomly selected from a representative sample of 2165 French adolescents living in Paris ...
Uritani Daisuke D Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Kio University, 4-2-2 Umaminaka, Koryocho, Kitakatsuragigun, Nara 6350832, - - 2014
No standardised method has been adopted for measuring toe-grip strength (TGS), and no reference values have been established for evaluating it. The present study investigated age-related changes in TGS and the association of TGS with various descriptive characteristics. TGS was measured in both feet of 1842 community-dwelling individuals aged 20-79 ...
Pacanowski Carly R CR Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S 2nd Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, - - 2014
Objective. To investigate the relationship between binge eating behavior and weight loss maintenance over a two-year period in adults. Design. Secondary data analysis using the Keep It Off study, a randomized trial evaluating an intervention to promote weight loss maintenance. Participants. 419 men and women (ages: 20 to 70 y; BMI: ...
Lahat Ayelet A Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Poor executive function (EF) has been linked to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Children born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 g) have been found to show both poor EF, as well as elevated levels of symptoms of ADHD. In the present study, we examined whether fluid intelligence moderates the link ...
López-Guimerà Gemma G Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
The goals of this research was (1) to analyze the role of emotional eating behavior on weight-loss progression during a 30-week weight-loss program in 1,272 individuals from a large Mediterranean population and (2) to test for interaction between CLOCK 3111 T/C SNP and emotional eating behavior on the effectiveness of ...
de Vries Elisabeth A EA Center for Human Movement Sciences, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
An important reason for falling in elderly is incorrect weight-shifting. In many daily life activities quick and accurate weight-shifting is needed to maintain balance and to prevent from falling. The present study aims to gain more insight in age-related differences in the control of weight-shifting. Nine healthy older adults (70.3±6.9 ...
Paige E E National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, - - 2014
To investigate how results of the association between education and weight change vary when weight change is defined and modelled in different ways. Longitudinal cohort study. 60 404 men and women participating in the Social, Environmental and Economic Factors (SEEF) subcomponent of the 45 and Up Study-a population-based cohort study of ...
Stephen Eric M EM Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, 207 High Street, Middletown, CT 06459, - - 2014
A recent study examined the prevalence, clinical correlates, age trends, and stability of unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB; purging and diet pill use) in a nationally representative sample of Norwegian boys and girls. The purpose of this study was to provide similar, comparative analyses for a nationally representative sample of ...
Patel Pravin P Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, - - 2014
Children with mucopolysaccharidosis II (MPS II), also known as Hunter syndrome, an X-linked disorder, suffer from a multisystem dysfunction caused by the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans. However, there has been no systemic report on the growth of patients with MPS II. The purpose of this study is to describe the growth ...
Driussi Caterina - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in subjects with long-term spinal cord injury (SCI). More specific recommendations for CVD prevention in this population are needed. One hundred thirty male subjects (47 subjects with SCI and 83 able-bodied persons (ABPs), mean age 43.89 ± 1.9 and ...
Mannocci Alice A Dipartimento di Sanità Pubblica e Malattie Infettive, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy. E-mail: - - 2014
Objectives. The aim of this study was to quantify the level of health related quality of life and burnout in a call centers sample of precarious workers. Methods. An observational study was carried out in Italy. A self-reported anonymous questionnaire was administered to temporary workers in order to estimate burn-out ...
Frerichs Leah L College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, - - 2014
Objective. The aims of this study were to (1) assess physical activity and weight status differences and (2) explore the direction and shape of subjective social status (SSS) association with physical activity and weight status within four Asian countries. Methods. Cross section data of adult respondents from the nationally representative ...
Chibsa Merga B MB School of Animal & Range Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, Post Box 138, Haramaya, - - 2014
This experiment was conducted with the aim to define the weaning age of camel calves managed with pastoral farmers in eastern Ethiopia. Twenty camel calves (11 males and 9 females) were randomly assigned into five blocks based on their birth date. Calves within a block were further assigned to one ...
Karahalios Amalia A Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Cancer Epidemiology Centre, Cancer Council Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
The association between change in weight or body mass index, and mortality is widely reported, however, both measures fail to account for fat distribution. Change in waist circumference, a measure of central adiposity, in relation to mortality has not been studied extensively. We investigated the association between mortality and changes ...
Wilkinson Michelle Lynn ML The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, School of Public Health, Houston, - - 2014
National guidelines state that health care professionals (HCPs) should advise patients on the importance of maintaining a healthy weight. Firefighters have high rates of obesity, and cardiovascular events are the leading cause of line-of-duty deaths in firefighters. This study assessed the association of age and body mass index (BMI) with ...
de Cock Marijke M Section Health and Life Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Growth in the first year of life may already be predictive of obesity later in childhood. The objective was to assess the association between prenatal exposure to various endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and child growth during the first year. Dichloro-diphenyldichloroethylene (DDE), mono(2-ethyl-5-carboxypentyl)phthalate (MECPP), mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl)phthalate (MEHHP), mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl)phthalate (MEOHP), polychlorinated biphenyl-153, perfluorooctanesulfonic ...
Mohammadrezaei Mohammad M Young Researchers and Elite Club, Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Fadrozole hydrochloride and recombinant human insulin-like growth factor I (rhIGF-I) on female-to-male sex reversal, hatching traits, and body weight of broiler chickens. On the third day of incubation, fertile eggs were randomly assigned to five experimental groups comprising (i) ...
Lin Li-Ju LJ 0000-0001-9016-732X Department of Health, Taipei City Government, Taipei City 11008, Taiwan ; Graduate Institute of Health Policy and Management, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10055, - - 2014
This study explored developmental trajectory patterns of BMI and associated factors. Participants included 1,609 students who were followed from age 7 to 12 years. Data collection involved annual self-administered questionnaires and records of height and weight. An ecological model was used to identify the factors associated with BMI trajectories. Group-based ...
Simielli Filho E A EA Centro APTA Bovinos de Corte, Instituto de Zootecnia, Sertãozinho, SP, - - 2014
Records of 17,141 Nellore cattle participating in cattle championships, born from 1994-2009, were used to estimate genetic parameters between animal rank in cattle championships, evaluated from weaning to 36 months of age as repeated traits, and growth, fertility, and carcass traits, evaluated at 365 days of age as single traits. ...
Kim Jwa-Kyung JK Department of Internal Medicine, Kidney Research Institute, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Anyang-si, South - - 2014
With increasing age, body fat increases and muscle mass reduces. Even people with a normal weight may have a higher percentage of body fat. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between increased body fat and renal function decline (RFD) in the general elderly population with normal ...
Miska Agata - - 2014
The common vole is one ofthe most numerous rodents in Europe and Asia but its reproductive biology is not fully described. It is thought that females reach reproductive abilities at a very young age, however, there is no data concerning male sexual maturation. The aim of the present study was ...
Nikolaidis P T PT Department of Physical and Cultural Education, Hellenic Army Academy, 16672 Athens, Greece ; Exercise Physiology Laboratory, 18450 Nikaia, - - 2014
Whereas nutrition has a crucial role on sport performance, it is not clear to what extent nutrition knowledge is associated with physical fitness. The aim of this study was to examine the current level of nutrition knowledge of soccer players and whether this level is associated with physical fitness. Soccer ...
Twells Laurie K LK School of Pharmacy, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador ; Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland and - - 2014
The prevalence of obesity has increased over the past 3 decades, with a disproportionate growth in excessive weight categories (body mass index [BMI] 35.0-39.9 and BMI ≥ 40.0). The objective of this paper is to present the data for the past and current prevalence of adult obesity in Canada, together with ...
Hoffman Martin D MD Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Department of Veterans Affairs, Northern California Health Care System, Sacramento, - - 2013
Little is known about the sociodemographics and lifestyle behaviors of ultramarathon runners, and the effects of these characteristics on body weight and body mass index (BMI). We cross-sectionally analyzed baseline data of 1,212 ultramarathoners on sociodemographics, lifestyle behaviors and BMI from the initial 12-month enrollment period in a longitudinal observational ...
Evenden M L - - 2013
The mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) is the most damaging pest of mature pine (Pinaceae) in western North America. Although mountain pine beetles have an obligate dispersal phase during which adults must locate a new host for brood production, dispersal is a poorly understood aspect of ...
Cho Won Kyoung WK Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of - - 2013
Currently, little information is available about current growth status and metabolic syndrome (MetS) components according to birth weight at gestational age (BWGA) on Korean adolescents. Herein, we compared the current height and weight and MetS components of Korean adolescents who were born as small for gestational age (SGA) to appropriate ...
Bryant Elizabeth S ES a Department of Biomolecular and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences , Coventry University , Coventry , - - 2013
Abstract Weight status has been shown to have a negative impact on children's competence in performing fundamental movement skills (FMSs). Following ethics approval and informed consent, 281 children in years 2-6 from a school in central England volunteered to participate. Each child performed eight FMSs (run, hop, gallop, jump, balance, ...
Quick Virginia - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . To examine relationships of sleep, eating, and exercise behaviors; work time pressures; and sociodemographic characteristics by weight status (healthy weight [body mass index or BMI < 25] vs. overweight [BMI ≥ 25]) of young adults. Design . Cross-sectional. Setting . Nine U.S. universities. Subjects . Enrolled college ...
Lopes V P VP Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), Bragança, Portugal; Department of Sports Science of Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Bragança, - - 2013
Research indicates the development of motor co-ordination (MC) may be an important contributing factor to positive or negative weight trajectories across childhood. To analyse cross-sectional associations between MC and weight status in children (boys n = 3344 - girls n = 3281), aged 6-11 years and assess overweight/obese risk across ...
Kuchlbauer Veronika V Department of Woman and Child Health, Centre of Paediatric Research, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, - - 2013
Aim of this study was to test Wilkin's 'accelerator hypothesis': whether excessive weight gain accelerates the onset of type 1 diabetes. Anthropometric birth data of 1117 children who developed diabetes between 1988 and April 2013 were compared with those of a sex, age, and gestational age matched, contemporary regional control ...
Park Sohyun - - 2013
Because there is limited information on associations between health-related knowledge and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake, our cross-sectional study examined this question using the 2010 HealthStyles Survey data for 3,926 adults (aged ≥18 years). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the adjusted odds ratios and 95% CIs for drinking ...
Namwongprom Sirianong S Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand. E-mail: - - 2013
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare body fat distribution using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in young adult subjects with metabolic syndrome (MS) with those without MS and also to determine whether a significant association existed between total body fat mass (FM) and MS along with the effect ...
Keller Carmen C ETH Zurich, Department of Health Sciences and Technology Universitätstrasse 22, CHN J75.2 CH-8092, Zurich Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2013
In a random sample (N=1078) from the general population, this study examined whether individual differences in dispositional self-control can explain restrained eaters' success in controlling their weight. A regression analysis with body mass index (BMI) as dependent variable revealed a significant negative association between dispositional self-control and BMI, and a ...
Lausten-Thomsen Ulrik - - 2013
Epidemiological and animal studies have suggested an effect of the intrauterine milieu upon the development of childhood obesity. This study investigates the relationship between body composition measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry expressed as body fat percent, body fat mass index (BFMI), and fat free mass index (FFMI) in obese ...
Teklebrhan Tsegay - - 2013
A study was conducted to assess the effect of genetic and non-genetic factors (litter size, sex of lamb, and parity of dam) on pre-weaning growth performance of crossbred lambs (75 % Dorper (DR) 25 % indigenous lambs; and 50 % Dorper 50 % indigenous lambs) under semi-intensive husbandry practices in eastern Ethiopia. Data from ...
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