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Sivaraman Jayaraman J Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, National Institute of Technology; Tiruchirappalli-India. - - 2014
The present study was designed to derive the normal limits of a new ECG lead system aimed at enhancing the amplitude of atrial potentials through the use of bipolar chest leads. Sixty healthy male subjects, mean age 38.85±8.76 years (range 25 to 58 years) were included in this study.In addition ...
Ogden Cynthia L CL National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, - - 2014
More than one-third of adults and 17% of youth in the United States are obese, although the prevalence remained stable between 2003-2004 and 2009-2010. To provide the most recent national estimates of childhood obesity, analyze trends in childhood obesity between 2003 and 2012, and provide detailed obesity trend analyses among ...
Grootveld Laura R LR aDepartment of Public Health bDepartment of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam cPublic Health Service, Amsterdam (GGD Amsterdam), The - - 2014
To investigate the role of body composition (body weight, fat distribution and weight change over time) in ethnic differences in the incidence of hypertension in an ethnic Dutch, South Asian Surinamese and African Surinamese background population living in the Netherlands. We included 361 participants without hypertension at baseline (147 ethnic ...
van de Laar A W AW Department Bariatric Surgery, Slotervaartziekenhuis, Louwesweg 6, 1066 EC, Amsterdam, Netherlands, - - 2014
Percentage alterable weight loss (AWL) is the only known weight loss metric independent of the initial body mass index (BMI), a unique feature ideal for use in weight loss research. AWL was not yet validated. The aim of the study is to validate the AWL metric and to confirm advantages ...
Etemadi Arash A Digestive Oncology Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, - - 2014
We conducted this study to examine life-course body size and physical activity in relation to total and cause-specific mortality, which has not previously been studied in the low and middle-income countries in Asia. The Golestan Cohort Study is a population-based cohort in northeastern Iran in which 50,045 people above the ...
McElroy Jane A JA Family and Community Medicine Department, University of Missouri-Columbia, Missouri. Electronic address: - - 2014
As rates of inactivity in the United States increase, the proportion of adults who are overweight in the United States continues to grow with concurrent increases in risk of weight-related morbidity and mortality. Sparse data are available on physical activity and weight in college-age sexual minority females, and none examine ...
Williams Emily D ED International Centre for Circulatory Health, Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
Weight and health behaviours are known to affect physical disability; however the evidence exploring the impact of changes to these lifestyle factors over the life course on disability is inconsistent. We aimed to explore the roles of weight and activity change between mid and later life on physical disability. Baseline ...
Skrobo Darko D Emergency Department, Cork University Hospital, Cork, - - 2014
In a resuscitation situation involving a child (age 1-15 years) it is crucial to obtain a weight as most interventions and management depend on it. The APLS formula, '2×(age+4)', is taught via the APLS course and is widely used in Irish hospitals. As the prevalence of obesity is increasing the ...
Helmsmüller Daniela D Small Animal Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Hannover, - - 2014
Weight support patterns vary widely among mammals. Differences in how much of the body weight is supported by the fore- versus the hind-limbs are well documented among and within species. Intraindividual variation due to ontogenetic processes has been studied in several hindlimb-dominated species and consistently showed a caudal shift in ...
Yackobovitch-Gavan M M Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; Institute for Endocrinology and Diabetes, National Center of Childhood Diabetes, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tiqwa, - - 2014
Attrition is a major limitation of most weight management intervention programmes. The present study aimed to conduct an extensive investigation of personal, sociodemographic and treatment-related factors associated with attrition at different stages of a 10-week group weight-loss programme. The present study is part of a longitudinal, clinical intervention study comparing ...
Lee Jenny S W JS The S. H. Ho Center for Gerontology and Geriatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China; Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Weight loss has been considered predictive of early mortality in nursing home residents. Lower body mass index, irrespective of weight loss, has also been considered detrimental for survival in community-dwelling older persons. We examined which of the 2 is more important for survival in nursing home residents and at what ...
Idris Nikmah S NS University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Physical activity has long been proposed as an important modifiable cardiovascular risk factor in adults. We assessed whether physical activity already has an effect on childhood vasculature. In the Wheezing-Illnesses-Study-in-Leidsche-Rijn birth cohort, we performed vascular ultrasound to measure carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and functional properties (distensibility, elastic modulus) at 5 ...
Glavin Kari - - 2014
Identifying important ages for the development of overweight is essential for optimizing preventive efforts. The purpose of the study was to explore early growth characteristics in children who become overweight or obese at the age of 8 years to identify important ages for the onset of overweight and obesity. Data ...
Wijnhoven Hanneke A H HA Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Weight loss is associated with a higher mortality risk in old age, but the underlying cause may impact this association. We examined associations between causes of intentional and unintentional weight loss and weight gain and mortality. We used data of five triannual examination rounds of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam ...
Brown David S DS Cardiff School of Biosciences, The Sir Martin Evans Building, Cardiff University, Museum Avenue, Cardiff, CF10 3AX, - - 2014
Prevalence and intensity of parasitic infections is often higher in male than in female vertebrates. This bias may represent either differences between host sex in exposure or susceptibility to parasites. The former may be due to sex-specific behaviour of the host, including differential habitat use or diet. Differences in susceptibility ...
Bovey K E KE University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G - - 2014
Selection for high prolificacy has resulted in litters comprised of a large number of low-birth-weight (LBW) piglets. Given their presence in over 75% of litters, and increased mortality rate, it is clear that a greater understanding of LBW piglet management is required for both animal welfare and productivity. In this ...
Bassareo P P PP Department of Medical Sciences "M. Aresu", University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
High blood levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) are associated with future development of adverse cardiovascular events. The ADMA/symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) ratio is a marker of ADMA catabolism, with a high ADMA/SDMA ratio being suggestive of reduced ADMA excretion. This study aimed a) to verify the presence of a statistically significant ...
Rodd Celia - - 2014
For ages 5-19 years, the World Health Organization (WHO) publishes reference charts based on 'core data' from the US National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), collected from 1963-75 on 22,917 US children. To promote the use of body mass index in older children, weight-for-age was omitted after age 10. Health ...
Hilas Olga O St. John's University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Queens, New - - 2014
Changes in body weight can affect the overall health of an older patient and should not be considered a normal part of the aging process. In particular, weight loss can lead to numerous adverse health outcomes affecting daily activities, loss of functional status, and increased mortality. Approximately 15% to 20% ...
Onbasilar E E EE Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Science, Ankara University, Ankara 06110, - - 2014
The current study was carried out to investigate the effects of breeder age on egg composition, changes of embryo, yolk sac, and yolk minerals during incubation and hatchability in Pekin ducks. A total of 495 freshly laid eggs were obtained from the same flock of Pekin ducks, aged 28, 34, ...
Bonny Andrea E AE Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA; The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA; The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To explore the relationship between medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) pharmacokinetic (PK) parameter estimates and weight gain. Prospective study of adolescents (N=40; age 12-21 years) initiating DMPA. PK parameters were calculated: maximum MPA concentration (Cmax, ng/mL), time to Cmax (Tmax, days) and elimination rate constant (ng/mL/day). Optimal PK cut points were determined ...
Correia Luciano Lima - - 2014
To analyze the evolution in the prevalence and determinants of malnutrition in children in the semiarid region of Brazil. Data were collected from two cross-sectional population-based household surveys that used the same methodology. Clustering sampling was used to collect data from 8,000 families in Ceará, Northeastern Brazil, for the years ...
Kang D D Department of Endocrinology, Qianfoshan Hospital of Shandong University, No. 16766 Jingshi Road, Jinan, 250014, China, - - 2014
Osteoporosis and obesity are severe public health problems in an aging society, and as we all know, bone mineral density (BMD) is closely related to fat mass (FM) and fat distribution. However, studies have long focused on pre- or post-menopausal women, and its presence in men has been underestimated. To ...
Cunningham Solveig A SA From the Hubert Department of Global Health (S.A.C., K.M.V.N.) and the Department of Epidemiology (M.R.K.), Emory University, - - 2014
Although the increased prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has been documented, little is known about its incidence. We report here on the national incidence of obesity among elementary-school children. We evaluated data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, a representative prospective cohort of ...
Zhang Kai Yu - - 2014
The meniscus has an important role in force transmission across the knee, but a detailed three-dimensional (3D) morphometric shape analysis of the lateral meniscus to elucidate subject-specific function has not been conducted. The aim of this study was to perform 3D morphometric analyses of the lateral meniscus in order to ...
Li Nan N Tianjin Women's and Children's Health Center, Tianjin, China; Chronic Disease Epidemiology Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, - - 2014
To investigate the association between different levels of birth weight and the risk of overweight and obesity in children aged 3 years and under. Between 2009 and 2011, health care records of 55,925 children had been collected, and body weight and length had been measured from birth to 3 years ...
Zhang W-J WJ Department of Hematology, Center Hospital of Wuhan, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China, Department of Hematology, Center Hospital of Wuhan, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
Our objective was to examine associations of adult weight gain and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Cross-sectional interview data from 844 residents in Wan Song Community from October 2009 to April 2010 were analyzed in multivariate logistic regression models to examine odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) between ...
Raffa Lina H LH Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology/Ophthalmology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Ophthalmology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi - - 2014
The purpose was to characterize normal growth patterns of ocular and optical components and to relate them to auxological data in a sample of Swedish children aged 4-15 years. A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out in 143 Swedish children with a mean age of 9.8 years. Variables including gestational age (GA), ...
Robertson Annaleise A School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
While rates of obesity continue to increase, weight-loss interventions to date have not been hugely successful. The purpose of this study was to explore the specific factors that are relevant to weight control in overweight and obese young adults compared to older adults, within the context of the theory of ...
Lacerte G G Centre de recherche clinique Etienne-LeBel, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of weight gain and changes in adiposity distribution on insulin resistance and circulating adiponectin variations over 4 years in free-living normal weight young adults. In this prospective observational cohort (n=42 women, 18 men), anthropometric measurements and blood samples were collected ...
Tanamas Stephanie K SK Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, - - 2014
Objective This study aimed to describe changes in weight and waist circumference (WC), examine the incidence of obesity as defined by body mass index (BMI) and WC, and describe changes in the prevalence of obesity over 12 years. Design and methods In 1999/2000, 11,247 adults aged ≥25 years were recruited ...
Kotzampassi Katerina K 1 Department of Surgery, Aristotle's University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki, Greece - - 2014
Abstract Background: Weight loss by means of an intragastric balloon is an advantageous procedure, as usage of such a balloon is minimally invasive and of minimal operational risk. Nevertheless, despite the encouraging results referred in to large population studies, its success rate as a treatment option is still questionable. The ...
Epperson Anna E AE Psychological Sciences, University of California, Merced, Health Promotion and Behavioral Science, University of Texas Prevention Research Center, University of Texas School of Public Health, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA Division of General Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital and Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical - - 2014
Little is known about influences on weight loss attempts, yet about one-half report making such attempts during adolescence. The aim was to examine the relationships among weight loss attempts, body size, and body perception in racially/ethnically diverse young adolescents. 3954 African American, Latino, and White 5th-graders completed the Self-Perception Profile-Physical ...
Breij Laura M LM Department of Pediatrics, Subdivision of Endocrinology, Erasmus MC/Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Introduction: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the hepatic metabolic syndrome. Some studies demonstrated an association between small size at birth and NAFLD. Rapid catch-up in weight often follows small birth size and has been associated with metabolic syndrome, but its association with NAFLD remained unknown. Patients and Methods: ...
Wen Li Ming LM Sydney School of Public Health, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Australia; Health Promotion Service, South Western Sydney & Sydney Local Health Districts, New South Wales, - - 2014
Objective: We sought to determine early life factors that predict body mass index (BMI) and overweight/obesity of children aged 2 years. Design and Methods: A longitudinal and prospective analysis was conducted with 330 first-time mothers and their newborns. Children's weight and length were measured at two years. Main factors of ...
Song Mi-Young MY Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju, - - 2014
Gut microbiota is regarded as one of the major factors involved in the control of body weight. The antiobesity effects of ginseng and its main constituents have been demonstrated, but the effects on gut microbiota are still unknown. To investigate the effect of ginseng on gut microbiota, 10 obese middle-aged ...
Arabshahi S S 1] Department of Medicine, Southern Clinical School, Monash Medical Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia [2] Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Cancer and Population Studies, Locked Bag 2000, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:This study examines which socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics are associated with weight and waist circumference (WC) change in a cohort of Australian adults over a 15-year period (1992-2007). Further, it tests the effect of period of birth (birth cohort) on mean weight and WC at two time points, 15 years ...
Mazkereth Ram R Department of Neonatology, The Edmond and Lili Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate and compare growth parameters (weight, length and head circumference) of discordant preterm twins during the first year of life. Methods: Retrospective data were collected on 78 pairs of >10% discordant preterm twins. Data regarding short-term neonatal outcome was recorded. Growth parameters were recorded at birth and ...
Meng Nai-Hsin NH Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, - - 2014
The present population-based, cross-sectional study was carried out in communities in Taichung, Taiwan, to identify the prevalence of and the factors associated with sarcopenia, using the diagnostic criteria of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People, which requires the presence of low muscle mass and low muscle function. ...
Mack L A LA Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN - - 2014
In many mammalian species, prenatal stress masculinizes female and feminizes male offspring impairing their reproductive capacity. Regrouping gestating sows is a common, stressful production practice, but its impact on the sow's developing pigs is not fully known. This study examined the effects of regrouping gestating sows and the administration of ...
Gebel Klaus K Prevention Research Collaboration, Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention, School of Public Health, Tropical Medicine and Rehabilitation Sciences, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine prospectively whether higher proportions of vigorous physical activity (VPA), independent of total activity volume, are associated with better outcomes in weight maintenance and physical function. We used three-year longitudinal data (2006/07-2009/10) of adults 45 and older (n=32,087; 59.5±9.3 years) from New South Wales, Australia. Logistic regression models examined ...
Kim Nam Hoon NH Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The course of NAFLD (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease) and associated factors in nonobese subjects are not well established. We investigated contributing factors for the development and regression of NAFLD in nonobese Koreans, and whether they would differ from those of obese subjects METHODS: 2,307 adults aged over 18 years participated ...
Milder Ivon E J IE Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, , Bilthoven, The - - 2014
The cross-sectional association between obesity and a lower health-related quality of life (HRQL) is clear. However, less is known about the association between changes in weight and HRQL. We examined the association between weight changes and changes in HRQL in a population-based sample of 2005 men and 2130 women aged ...
Tao Hung-Lin HL Department of Economics, Soochow University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Using a data set of Taiwanese female graduates in 2006, this study finds that height and earnings are positively correlated for full-time workers. However, it is not because tall individuals went to better colleges or received better grades (cognitive ability), not because they are gifted with superior physical strength or ...
Fakhouri Tala Hi - - 2014
Data from the combined National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and the NHANES National Youth Fitness Survey, 2012. In 2012, about one-quarter of U.S. youth aged 12-15 years engaged in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity for at least 60 minutes daily. Basketball was the most common activity reported among active boys, ...
Peeters Anna A Department of Obesity and Population Health, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
To assess in a single cohort whether annual weight and waist circumference (WC) change has varied over time. Longitudinal cohort study with three surveys (1) 1999/2000; (2) 2004/2005 and (3) 2011/2012. Generalised linear mixed models with random effects were used to compare annualised weight and WC change between surveys 1 ...
Pursey Kirrilly K Faculty of Health and Medicine, Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, - - 2014
Web-based approaches are an effective and convenient medium to deliver eHealth interventions. However, few studies have attempted to evaluate the accuracy of online self-reported weight, and only one has assessed the accuracy of online self-reported height and body mass index (BMI). This study aimed to validate online self-reported height, weight, ...
Lee Soul S School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Background: Asymmetrical load carrying and wearing high-heeled shoes are very common. Biomechanics studies on the combined effects of high-heeled shoe wearing and asymmetrical load carrying are lacking. We sought to identify changes in lower-extremity joint kinematics associated with the effect of shoes and asymmetrical load carrying during walking. Methods: Fifteen ...
Uauy Ricardo R Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Santiago de Chile, - - 2014
Addressing malnutrition in all its forms represents an integrated agenda addressing the root causes of malnutrition at all stages of the life course. The issue is not about choosing between addressing undernutrition in the poor versus overnutrition in the affluent. We must recognize that the interventions required to address stunting ...
Reiche Janine J Division of Influenza Viruses and Other Respiratory Viruses, National Reference Centre for Influenza, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, - - 2014
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a cause of respiratory tract illness at all ages. In this study the epidemiological and molecular diversity among patients of different ages was investigated. Between 2000-2001 and 2009-2010, HMPV was detected in 3% (138/4,549) of samples from outpatients with influenza-like illness with a new, sensitive real-time ...
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