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Zhang W-J WJ Department of Hematology, Center Hospital of Wuhan, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China, Department of Hematology, Center Hospital of Wuhan, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
Our objective was to examine associations of adult weight gain and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Cross-sectional interview data from 844 residents in Wan Song Community from October 2009 to April 2010 were analyzed in multivariate logistic regression models to examine odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) between ...
Raffa Lina H LH Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology/Ophthalmology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Ophthalmology, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi - - 2014
The purpose was to characterize normal growth patterns of ocular and optical components and to relate them to auxological data in a sample of Swedish children aged 4-15 years. A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out in 143 Swedish children with a mean age of 9.8 years. Variables including gestational age (GA), ...
Robertson Annaleise A School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
While rates of obesity continue to increase, weight-loss interventions to date have not been hugely successful. The purpose of this study was to explore the specific factors that are relevant to weight control in overweight and obese young adults compared to older adults, within the context of the theory of ...
Lacerte G G Centre de recherche clinique Etienne-LeBel, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of weight gain and changes in adiposity distribution on insulin resistance and circulating adiponectin variations over 4 years in free-living normal weight young adults. In this prospective observational cohort (n=42 women, 18 men), anthropometric measurements and blood samples were collected ...
Tanamas Stephanie K SK Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, - - 2014
Objective This study aimed to describe changes in weight and waist circumference (WC), examine the incidence of obesity as defined by body mass index (BMI) and WC, and describe changes in the prevalence of obesity over 12 years. Design and methods In 1999/2000, 11,247 adults aged ≥25 years were recruited ...
Kotzampassi Katerina K 1 Department of Surgery, Aristotle's University of Thessaloniki , Thessaloniki, Greece - - 2014
Abstract Background: Weight loss by means of an intragastric balloon is an advantageous procedure, as usage of such a balloon is minimally invasive and of minimal operational risk. Nevertheless, despite the encouraging results referred in to large population studies, its success rate as a treatment option is still questionable. The ...
Epperson Anna E AE Psychological Sciences, University of California, Merced, Health Promotion and Behavioral Science, University of Texas Prevention Research Center, University of Texas School of Public Health, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA Division of General Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital and Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical - - 2014
Little is known about influences on weight loss attempts, yet about one-half report making such attempts during adolescence. The aim was to examine the relationships among weight loss attempts, body size, and body perception in racially/ethnically diverse young adolescents. 3954 African American, Latino, and White 5th-graders completed the Self-Perception Profile-Physical ...
Breij Laura M LM Department of Pediatrics, Subdivision of Endocrinology, Erasmus MC/Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, the - - 2014
Introduction: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the hepatic metabolic syndrome. Some studies demonstrated an association between small size at birth and NAFLD. Rapid catch-up in weight often follows small birth size and has been associated with metabolic syndrome, but its association with NAFLD remained unknown. Patients and Methods: ...
Wen Li Ming LM Sydney School of Public Health, Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Australia; Health Promotion Service, South Western Sydney & Sydney Local Health Districts, New South Wales, - - 2014
Objective: We sought to determine early life factors that predict body mass index (BMI) and overweight/obesity of children aged 2 years. Design and Methods: A longitudinal and prospective analysis was conducted with 330 first-time mothers and their newborns. Children's weight and length were measured at two years. Main factors of ...
Song Mi-Young MY Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju, - - 2014
Gut microbiota is regarded as one of the major factors involved in the control of body weight. The antiobesity effects of ginseng and its main constituents have been demonstrated, but the effects on gut microbiota are still unknown. To investigate the effect of ginseng on gut microbiota, 10 obese middle-aged ...
Arabshahi S S 1] Department of Medicine, Southern Clinical School, Monash Medical Centre, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia [2] Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Cancer and Population Studies, Locked Bag 2000, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:This study examines which socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics are associated with weight and waist circumference (WC) change in a cohort of Australian adults over a 15-year period (1992-2007). Further, it tests the effect of period of birth (birth cohort) on mean weight and WC at two time points, 15 years ...
Mazkereth Ram R Department of Neonatology, The Edmond and Lili Safra Children's Hospital, Sheba Medical Center and Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate and compare growth parameters (weight, length and head circumference) of discordant preterm twins during the first year of life. Methods: Retrospective data were collected on 78 pairs of >10% discordant preterm twins. Data regarding short-term neonatal outcome was recorded. Growth parameters were recorded at birth and ...
Meng Nai-Hsin NH Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan; School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, - - 2014
The present population-based, cross-sectional study was carried out in communities in Taichung, Taiwan, to identify the prevalence of and the factors associated with sarcopenia, using the diagnostic criteria of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People, which requires the presence of low muscle mass and low muscle function. ...
Mack L A LA Department of Animal Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN - - 2014
In many mammalian species, prenatal stress masculinizes female and feminizes male offspring impairing their reproductive capacity. Regrouping gestating sows is a common, stressful production practice, but its impact on the sow's developing pigs is not fully known. This study examined the effects of regrouping gestating sows and the administration of ...
Gebel Klaus K Prevention Research Collaboration, Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention, School of Public Health, Tropical Medicine and Rehabilitation Sciences, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine prospectively whether higher proportions of vigorous physical activity (VPA), independent of total activity volume, are associated with better outcomes in weight maintenance and physical function. We used three-year longitudinal data (2006/07-2009/10) of adults 45 and older (n=32,087; 59.5±9.3 years) from New South Wales, Australia. Logistic regression models examined ...
Kim Nam Hoon NH Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The course of NAFLD (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease) and associated factors in nonobese subjects are not well established. We investigated contributing factors for the development and regression of NAFLD in nonobese Koreans, and whether they would differ from those of obese subjects METHODS: 2,307 adults aged over 18 years participated ...
Milder Ivon E J IE Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, , Bilthoven, The - - 2014
The cross-sectional association between obesity and a lower health-related quality of life (HRQL) is clear. However, less is known about the association between changes in weight and HRQL. We examined the association between weight changes and changes in HRQL in a population-based sample of 2005 men and 2130 women aged ...
Tao Hung-Lin HL Department of Economics, Soochow University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Using a data set of Taiwanese female graduates in 2006, this study finds that height and earnings are positively correlated for full-time workers. However, it is not because tall individuals went to better colleges or received better grades (cognitive ability), not because they are gifted with superior physical strength or ...
Fakhouri Tala Hi - - 2014
Data from the combined National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and the NHANES National Youth Fitness Survey, 2012. In 2012, about one-quarter of U.S. youth aged 12-15 years engaged in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity for at least 60 minutes daily. Basketball was the most common activity reported among active boys, ...
Peeters Anna A Department of Obesity and Population Health, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
To assess in a single cohort whether annual weight and waist circumference (WC) change has varied over time. Longitudinal cohort study with three surveys (1) 1999/2000; (2) 2004/2005 and (3) 2011/2012. Generalised linear mixed models with random effects were used to compare annualised weight and WC change between surveys 1 ...
Pursey Kirrilly K Faculty of Health and Medicine, Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, - - 2014
Web-based approaches are an effective and convenient medium to deliver eHealth interventions. However, few studies have attempted to evaluate the accuracy of online self-reported weight, and only one has assessed the accuracy of online self-reported height and body mass index (BMI). This study aimed to validate online self-reported height, weight, ...
Lee Soul S School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Background: Asymmetrical load carrying and wearing high-heeled shoes are very common. Biomechanics studies on the combined effects of high-heeled shoe wearing and asymmetrical load carrying are lacking. We sought to identify changes in lower-extremity joint kinematics associated with the effect of shoes and asymmetrical load carrying during walking. Methods: Fifteen ...
Uauy Ricardo R Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Santiago de Chile, - - 2014
Addressing malnutrition in all its forms represents an integrated agenda addressing the root causes of malnutrition at all stages of the life course. The issue is not about choosing between addressing undernutrition in the poor versus overnutrition in the affluent. We must recognize that the interventions required to address stunting ...
Reiche Janine J Division of Influenza Viruses and Other Respiratory Viruses, National Reference Centre for Influenza, Robert Koch Institute, Berlin, - - 2014
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a cause of respiratory tract illness at all ages. In this study the epidemiological and molecular diversity among patients of different ages was investigated. Between 2000-2001 and 2009-2010, HMPV was detected in 3% (138/4,549) of samples from outpatients with influenza-like illness with a new, sensitive real-time ...
Zaccagni Luciana - - 2014
Body image perception depends on anthropometric and psychological factors. Body dissatisfaction is influenced by the socio-cultural environment and is associated with eating disorders and low self-esteem. This study examined the body image perception, the degree of dissatisfaction and the weight status perception inconsistency in relation to sex, weight status and ...
Tejero-González Carlos M CM Departamento de Educación Física. Deporte y Motricidad Humana. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. España.. - - 2014
Introduction: The objective of this study was to analyse the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics, body weight perception and physical fitness perception. Methods: Survey by means of personal interview. The sample consisted of 8,594 participants living in Spain between 15 and 97 years of age. Sampling error was ±1.07%. Results: Of ...
Sivachidambaram Kulandaivelan K Department of Physiotherapy, GJUST, Hisar, Haryana 125 001, - - 2014
Purpose. Objective of the present study was to see the correlation of subjectively measured KOOS questionnaire with objectively measured 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), age, height, weight, and BMI. Participants. 251 subjects with OA knee based on American College of Rheumatology criteria. Methods. After passing inclusion and exclusion criteria, the following ...
Altarriba-Bartes Albert A Performance Department, New York Red Bulls, New York, New York, - - 2014
Taekwondo injuries differ according to the characteristics of the athletes and the competition. This analytical cross-sectional retrospective cohort study aimed to describe reported taekwondo injuries and to determine the prevalence, characteristics and possible risk factors for injuries sustained by athletes of the Spanish national team. In addition, we compared each ...
Dimitriou Lygeri L Middlesex University, London Sport Institute, London, - - 2014
To determine bone mineral density (BMD) and the associations among BMD, menstrual history, disordered eating (DE), training history, intentional weight loss (IWL) and rib pain for the first time in female lightweight rowers. 9 lightweight rowing clubs, UK. 29 Caucasian female lightweight rowers volunteered. 21 (12 active, 9 retired) completed ...
Song Yun-Mi YM Department of Family Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, 633-165 Kaegum-dong, Busan Jin-gu, Busan, South Korea (614-735). kayoung.fmlky@gmail.com; - - 2014
We examined the relationships of combined initial restrained and external/emotional eating with initial BMI and change in weight and these subscales over time. BMI and the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire were twicemeasured in 1361 Korean twins and families (482 men, 879 women) over a period of 2.7±0.9 years. Subjects were ...
da Silva Alessandra Ferreira AF Faculdade de Agronomia e Veterinária, Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, Distrito Federal 70910-900 - - 2014
The once bred ewe slaughter method proposes the use of female lamb to produce a lamb and then both are slaughtered, increasing income and high quality meat production. Thus, this study evaluated the growth and reproduction performance of ewe lamb from Santa Inês (SI), a naturalized genetic resource, and their ...
García-Calzón Sonia S Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Physiology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, - - 2014
Telomeres are biomarkers of biological aging. Shorter telomeres have been associated with increased adiposity in adults. However, this relationship remains unclear in children and adolescents. To evaluate the association between telomere length (TL) and adiposity markers in overweight/obese adolescents after an intensive program. We hypothesize that greater TL at baseline ...
Song Young-Hwan YH Department of Pediatrics, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, - - 2014
Height-specific blood pressure (BP) is the standard parameter used to diagnose childhood hypertension. However, there has been some argument that weight may be a better variable than height in the reference BP standards. Therefore, before assessing the BP status using the reference BP standards, a basic understanding of the fundamental ...
Jasper A A Department of Radiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Objectives: The aim of this study was to establish normal diameters for the suprarenal and infrarenal abdominal aorta measured at T12 and L3 vertebral levels in the Indian population and to study the variation in aortic diameters with age, sex, height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and body surface area ...
Talaie-Zanjani A A Department of Health and Nutrition, Islamic Azad University of Arak, Arak, - - 2014
The prevalence of obesity and overweight in children and adolescents is increasing world-wide. Obesity in children and adolescents is a major risk factor for diabetes, heart diseases, hypertension, and cancer in adulthood. The aim of the study was to compare the nutritional status and food-stuffs among high-school girls in Arak, ...
Xiong F - - 2014
As the intrauterine environment can effect children's growth and development, this study aimed to explore the relationship between birth high-risk and physique situation of 9 to 15-year-old children by cross-sectional investigation, and to provide clues for the monitoring, prevention, and treatment of growth deviation in children. This study recruited 7,194 ...
Augusteyn Robert C RC Vision Cooperative Research Centre, School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of NSW, Sydney, Australia ; Ophthalmic Biophysics Center, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL ; Biochemistry Department, La Trobe University, Bundoora, - - 2014
To examine the accumulation of wet and/or dry weight in the ocular lens as a function of age in different species. Wet weights and/or fixed dry weights were obtained from measurements in the author's laboratory and from the literature for over 14,000 lenses of known-ages, representing 130 different species. Various ...
Benedet Jucemar J Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação Física, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário, Trindade, Santa Catarina 88040900, Florianópolis, Brazil. - - 2014
Studies addressing the influence of early sexual maturation on the excess of body weight and height of children and adolescents are scarce. The aim of the study was to analyze the association of sexual maturation with excess body weight and height in children and adolescents. This was a cross-sectional study ...
Danmaigoro A A Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P.M.B 2346, Sokoto, - - 2014
The present study aimed at examining the gross and morphometry of the reproductive tract of the male bats (Eidolon helvum). Thirty male bats (adults n = 17 and juveniles n = 13) were captured using net, weighed, aged using relative ossification of the wing bone, and dissected for gross examination. ...
Fatemifar Ghazaleh G Medical Research Council Integrative Epidemiology Unit, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United - - 2014
Cross sectional studies suggest a link may exist between tooth emergence and obesity. To explore this relationship, we aimed to evaluate the prospective associations between primary tooth emergence and anthropometric measures in young adults. Multivariable linear regression was used to analyse relationships between primary tooth emergence, and anthropometric measures measured ...
Legleye Stéphane S Institut national d'études démographiques (INED), Paris, France; Inserm, U669, Univ Paris-Sud and Univ Paris Descartes, UMR-S0669, Paris, - - 2014
To propose a simple correction of body-mass index (BMI) based on self-reported weight and height (reported BMI) using gender, body shape perception and socioeconomic status in an adolescent population. 341 boys and girls aged 17-18 years were randomly selected from a representative sample of 2165 French adolescents living in Paris ...
Uritani Daisuke D Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science, Kio University, 4-2-2 Umaminaka, Koryocho, Kitakatsuragigun, Nara 6350832, - - 2014
No standardised method has been adopted for measuring toe-grip strength (TGS), and no reference values have been established for evaluating it. The present study investigated age-related changes in TGS and the association of TGS with various descriptive characteristics. TGS was measured in both feet of 1842 community-dwelling individuals aged 20-79 ...
Pacanowski Carly R CR Division of Epidemiology & Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 S 2nd Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454, - - 2014
Objective. To investigate the relationship between binge eating behavior and weight loss maintenance over a two-year period in adults. Design. Secondary data analysis using the Keep It Off study, a randomized trial evaluating an intervention to promote weight loss maintenance. Participants. 419 men and women (ages: 20 to 70 y; BMI: ...
Lahat Ayelet A Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour, McMaster University Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
Poor executive function (EF) has been linked to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Children born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 g) have been found to show both poor EF, as well as elevated levels of symptoms of ADHD. In the present study, we examined whether fluid intelligence moderates the link ...
López-Guimerà Gemma G Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
The goals of this research was (1) to analyze the role of emotional eating behavior on weight-loss progression during a 30-week weight-loss program in 1,272 individuals from a large Mediterranean population and (2) to test for interaction between CLOCK 3111 T/C SNP and emotional eating behavior on the effectiveness of ...
de Vries Elisabeth A EA Center for Human Movement Sciences, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The - - 2014
An important reason for falling in elderly is incorrect weight-shifting. In many daily life activities quick and accurate weight-shifting is needed to maintain balance and to prevent from falling. The present study aims to gain more insight in age-related differences in the control of weight-shifting. Nine healthy older adults (70.3±6.9 ...
Paige E E National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, - - 2014
To investigate how results of the association between education and weight change vary when weight change is defined and modelled in different ways. Longitudinal cohort study. 60 404 men and women participating in the Social, Environmental and Economic Factors (SEEF) subcomponent of the 45 and Up Study-a population-based cohort study of ...
Stephen Eric M EM Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, 207 High Street, Middletown, CT 06459, - - 2014
A recent study examined the prevalence, clinical correlates, age trends, and stability of unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB; purging and diet pill use) in a nationally representative sample of Norwegian boys and girls. The purpose of this study was to provide similar, comparative analyses for a nationally representative sample of ...
Patel Pravin P Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, - - 2014
Children with mucopolysaccharidosis II (MPS II), also known as Hunter syndrome, an X-linked disorder, suffer from a multisystem dysfunction caused by the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans. However, there has been no systemic report on the growth of patients with MPS II. The purpose of this study is to describe the growth ...
Driussi Caterina - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in subjects with long-term spinal cord injury (SCI). More specific recommendations for CVD prevention in this population are needed. One hundred thirty male subjects (47 subjects with SCI and 83 able-bodied persons (ABPs), mean age 43.89 ± 1.9 and ...
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