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Korhonen Päivi H PH Tampere Center for Child Health Research, Tampere University Hospital and University of Tampere, Tampere, - - 2014
Airway inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The aim of the study was to evaluate the inflammatory activity in plasma and exhaled air in very low birth weight (VLBW) BPD survivors at school age. Twenty-one 6-14-year-old former VLBW (birth weight ≤1,500 g) children with severe radiographic BPD ...
Bunout D D Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, University of Chile, Santiago, - - 2014
Lack of weight gain throughout adult life could mimic the beneficial effects of energy restriction in humans. The present study aimed to assess the effects of weight stability or gain, over a period of 10 years, on telomere length, sirtuin 1 and 6 expression, and carotid intima media thickness. We studied ...
Fredrickson Julia J School of Psychology, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Hwy, Burwood, Vic, 3125, - - 2014
To determine which measurement of adiposity - standardised body mass index (BMI-z), waist circumference or body fat percentage - is most closely correlated with adolescents' weight perception and whether this differs by gender. Weight and height (used to calculate BMI-z), waist circumference and body fat percentage was measured in 2,278 ...
Joyce John S JS Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, Temple, TX, - - 2014
The aim was to test the hypothesis that the pelvic outlet diameter (POD) is associated with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in squirrel monkeys. Magnetic resonance images (MRI) were obtained from 55 females with and without POP. Commercial software was used by two observers to measure the POD. POD, age, parity, ...
Al-Sadoon Mohammed K MK Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, 11451 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The biological reproductive aspects of the worm lizard, Diplometopon zarudnyi, in the Riyadh region of Saudi Arabia, were investigated over a period of 1year. Study of the reproductive cycles of male and female D. zarudnyi revealed that the breeding season is relatively short, since it extends from early April to late ...
Seacat Jason D JD Western New England University, - - 2014
Research focused on assessing weight stigmatization has typically been conducted using cross-sectional, retrospective designs. Such designs may impair the scientific understanding of this stigma by limiting participants' recall of frequencies and/or details about stigmatizing events. To address this, 50 overweight/obese women were recruited from public weight forums to complete week-long ...
Radivojevic Ubavka D UD Department of Human Reproduction, Mother and Child Healthcare Institute "Dr Vukan Cupic," Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Exploring the relation between the age, time since menarche, anthropometric parameters and the growth of the uterus and ovaries in postmenarcheal girls. Cross sectional. Department of Human reproduction at a tertiary pediatric referral center. Eight hundred thirty-five adolescent girls. Postmenarcheal girls were classified according to the regularity of their menstrual ...
Hutson A M AM School of Fisheries, Aquaculture, and Aquatic Sciences, Auburn University, AL - - 2014
Head length, head depth, head width, body depth, body width, caudal depth, and caudal width, total length, and body weight were measured for 71 backcross full sibs between the interspecific backcross F1 (female channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus X male blue catfish, I. furcatus) female X blue catfish male. Body measurements ...
Hanć Tomasz T Department of Human Biological Development, Faculty of Biology, Institute of Anthropology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Umultowska 89, 61-614, Poznan, Poland, - - 2014
Population studies indicate a strong relationship between birth weight (BW) and body size in later life. However, BW as a variable was never accounted for in studies on the relationship between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and overweight. This study aims to assess the relationship between ADHD and overweight with control of ...
Robbins Jessica M JM 1Philadelphia Department of Public Health, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
Objectives. To examine the prevalence and correlates of overweight and obesity among patients aged 0 to 2 years, and to compare 3 measures of early childhood weight status, weight-for-age, weight-for-length, and body mass index-for-age. Setting. Well-child visits in the Philadelphia Health Centers, public community health centers providing primary health care ...
Koohkan Sadaf - - 2014
In addition to an increased risk for chronic illnesses, obese individuals suffer from social stigmatization and discrimination, and severely obese people may experience greater risk of impaired psychosocial and physical functioning. Lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has been reported among obese persons seeking intensive treatment for their disease. To ...
Espeland Mark A MA Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC 27157. - - 2014
It is unknown whether intentional weight loss provides long-term benefits for cognitive function. An ancillary study to a randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in overweight and obese individuals (N = 978), aged 45-76 years at enrollment, with type 2 diabetes. An intensive behavioral intervention designed to promote and maintain ...
Booth J N JN University of Dundee, Dundee, - - 2014
ObjectiveWhile being overweight or obese in adolescence may have detrimental effects on academic attainment, the evidence base is limited by reliance on cross-sectional studies with small sample sizes, failure to take account of confounders, and lack of consideration of potential mediators. The present study aimed to address these limitations and ...
Blanco-Vega Dora D Escuela de Ingenieros Agrónomos de Ciudad Real, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Ronda de Calatrava 7, 13071 Ciudad Real, - - 2014
The content and distribution of low molecular weight red wine pigments (anthocyanins, flavanol-anthocyanins adducts and pyranoanthocyanins) has been analysed in 283 wine samples. A total of 90 red wine pigments were identified and up to 68 of them quantified in most of the wine samples. The content of the different ...
Mumm R R Institute for Biochemistry and Biology, Human Biology, University of Potsdam, Am Neuen Palais 10, 14469, Potsdam, - - 2014
Growth is both a matter of amplitude and tempo. We aimed to develop references for body height, body weight and body mass index (BMI) with respect to tempo of maturity. Data obtained from the German KiGGS study (2003-2006) on body height, body weight and presence or absence of the menarche, ...
Tajima Miki M Department of Health Promotion Science, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of - - 2014
Background: Practicing healthy lifestyle behaviors is a means to prevent metabolic syndrome (MetS), but the effect of changes of various behaviors over a short period is not fully understood. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the influence of changes in 12 behaviors on the development of MetS during 1 ...
Meydan Chanan C Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between age of arrival of male pediatric immigrant populations in Israel and their risk for subsequent high-weight morbidity at adolescence. The study analyzed a pooled cross section of 89,744 foreign-born male Jewish study participants, who were born in the former ...
Gupta Braj Kishor - - 2014
Reproductive biology of an Indian Silurid catfish, Ompok pabda were determined in a moderately impacted tropical River Gomti in India. Samples offish were collected monthly between May 2008 to April 2009 in two zones; upstream site at Mishrikh, Sitapur and midstream site at Lucknow. Length at first maturity calculated through ...
Kingsbury Daniel J DJ Randall Children's Hospital at Legacy Emanuel, Portland, - - 2014
Adalimumab (ADA) is approved for use in moderate to severe juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in patients (pts) ≥4 years (yrs) old in the US, EU, and Japan, and was recently approved in EU for pts aged 2 to <4 yrs old. However, limited data are available in pts <4 yrs ...
Jayawardena Ranil R Mater Mother's Hospital, Mater Medical Research Institute and Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the association between self-perception of body weight, weight loss approaches and measured body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) among Sri Lankan adults. A nationally representative sample of 600 adults aged ≥18 years was selected using a multi-stage random cluster ...
Charles-Smith Lauren E - - 2014
Large flocks of wild, nonmigratory Canada geese (Branta canadensis) have established permanent residence throughout the eastern United States and have become a public concern. Few studies have assessed the hematologic parameters for these populations, which could provide useful information for monitoring individual and population health of Canada geese. This study ...
Awang Mazlina M Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to investigate whether severity of clubfoot, age, and weight of the patients at initial manipulation and casting influence the total number of castings required. This prospective study was conducted on 38 idiopathic clubfoot patients undergoing weekly manipulation and casting using the method recommended by ...
Squiers Linda L a RTI International , Washington , District of Columbia , - - 2014
As obesity/overweight has increased in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009 ), studies have found that Americans' perceptions of their own weight often are not aligned with their actual body mass index (BMI; Brener et al., 2004 ; Christakis, 2003; Johnson-Taylor et al., 2008 ). Taylor, ...
Esmaeilzadeh Samad S Education Department, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
It has been recently reported that reaction time (RT) is related to weight status [measured by body mass index (BMI)] in young, adult and older people. However, there is little evidence for children, and the similar studies included small sample of participants. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Frankenfeld C L CL 0000000223180791 Department of Global and Community Health, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, - - 2014
Background/objectives:Studies have observed associations between the gut microbiome and obesity. O-desmethylangolensin (ODMA) and equol are gut bacterial metabolites of daidzein, a compound found in high amounts in soy foods. Approximately 80-95% and 25-60% of individuals harbor gut microbial communities capable of producing ODMA or equol, respectively. Given that other phenotypes ...
Ogden Cynthia L CL National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, - - 2014
More than one-third of adults and 17% of youth in the United States are obese, although the prevalence remained stable between 2003-2004 and 2009-2010. To provide the most recent national estimates of childhood obesity, analyze trends in childhood obesity between 2003 and 2012, and provide detailed obesity trend analyses among ...
Grootveld Laura R LR aDepartment of Public Health bDepartment of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam cPublic Health Service, Amsterdam (GGD Amsterdam), The - - 2014
To investigate the role of body composition (body weight, fat distribution and weight change over time) in ethnic differences in the incidence of hypertension in an ethnic Dutch, South Asian Surinamese and African Surinamese background population living in the Netherlands. We included 361 participants without hypertension at baseline (147 ethnic ...
van de Laar A W AW Department Bariatric Surgery, Slotervaartziekenhuis, Louwesweg 6, 1066 EC, Amsterdam, Netherlands, - - 2014
Percentage alterable weight loss (AWL) is the only known weight loss metric independent of the initial body mass index (BMI), a unique feature ideal for use in weight loss research. AWL was not yet validated. The aim of the study is to validate the AWL metric and to confirm advantages ...
Etemadi Arash A Digestive Oncology Research Center, Digestive Disease Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, - - 2014
We conducted this study to examine life-course body size and physical activity in relation to total and cause-specific mortality, which has not previously been studied in the low and middle-income countries in Asia. The Golestan Cohort Study is a population-based cohort in northeastern Iran in which 50,045 people above the ...
McElroy Jane A JA Family and Community Medicine Department, University of Missouri-Columbia, Missouri. Electronic address: - - 2014
As rates of inactivity in the United States increase, the proportion of adults who are overweight in the United States continues to grow with concurrent increases in risk of weight-related morbidity and mortality. Sparse data are available on physical activity and weight in college-age sexual minority females, and none examine ...
Williams Emily D ED International Centre for Circulatory Health, Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
Weight and health behaviours are known to affect physical disability; however the evidence exploring the impact of changes to these lifestyle factors over the life course on disability is inconsistent. We aimed to explore the roles of weight and activity change between mid and later life on physical disability. Baseline ...
Skrobo Darko D Emergency Department, Cork University Hospital, Cork, - - 2014
In a resuscitation situation involving a child (age 1-15 years) it is crucial to obtain a weight as most interventions and management depend on it. The APLS formula, '2×(age+4)', is taught via the APLS course and is widely used in Irish hospitals. As the prevalence of obesity is increasing the ...
van Jaarsveld Cornelia H M CH Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, England2Division of Health and Social Care Research, King's College London, London, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Identifying early markers of future obesity risk can help target preventive interventions. Several studies have shown that a heartier appetite in infancy is a risk factor for more rapid weight gain, but to date no investigations have been able to rule out familial confounding. OBJECTIVES To use a sibling ...
Helmsmüller Daniela D Small Animal Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Hannover, - - 2014
Weight support patterns vary widely among mammals. Differences in how much of the body weight is supported by the fore- versus the hind-limbs are well documented among and within species. Intraindividual variation due to ontogenetic processes has been studied in several hindlimb-dominated species and consistently showed a caudal shift in ...
Yackobovitch-Gavan M M Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; Institute for Endocrinology and Diabetes, National Center of Childhood Diabetes, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tiqwa, - - 2014
Attrition is a major limitation of most weight management intervention programmes. The present study aimed to conduct an extensive investigation of personal, sociodemographic and treatment-related factors associated with attrition at different stages of a 10-week group weight-loss programme. The present study is part of a longitudinal, clinical intervention study comparing ...
Lee Jenny S W JS The S. H. Ho Center for Gerontology and Geriatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China; Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Weight loss has been considered predictive of early mortality in nursing home residents. Lower body mass index, irrespective of weight loss, has also been considered detrimental for survival in community-dwelling older persons. We examined which of the 2 is more important for survival in nursing home residents and at what ...
Idris Nikmah S NS University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Physical activity has long been proposed as an important modifiable cardiovascular risk factor in adults. We assessed whether physical activity already has an effect on childhood vasculature. In the Wheezing-Illnesses-Study-in-Leidsche-Rijn birth cohort, we performed vascular ultrasound to measure carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and functional properties (distensibility, elastic modulus) at 5 ...
Glavin Kari - - 2014
Identifying important ages for the development of overweight is essential for optimizing preventive efforts. The purpose of the study was to explore early growth characteristics in children who become overweight or obese at the age of 8 years to identify important ages for the onset of overweight and obesity. Data ...
Wijnhoven Hanneke A H HA Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1085, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Weight loss is associated with a higher mortality risk in old age, but the underlying cause may impact this association. We examined associations between causes of intentional and unintentional weight loss and weight gain and mortality. We used data of five triannual examination rounds of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam ...
Brown David S DS Cardiff School of Biosciences, The Sir Martin Evans Building, Cardiff University, Museum Avenue, Cardiff, CF10 3AX, - - 2014
Prevalence and intensity of parasitic infections is often higher in male than in female vertebrates. This bias may represent either differences between host sex in exposure or susceptibility to parasites. The former may be due to sex-specific behaviour of the host, including differential habitat use or diet. Differences in susceptibility ...
Bovey K E KE University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, N1G - - 2014
Selection for high prolificacy has resulted in litters comprised of a large number of low-birth-weight (LBW) piglets. Given their presence in over 75% of litters, and increased mortality rate, it is clear that a greater understanding of LBW piglet management is required for both animal welfare and productivity. In this ...
Bassareo P P PP Department of Medical Sciences "M. Aresu", University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
High blood levels of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) are associated with future development of adverse cardiovascular events. The ADMA/symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) ratio is a marker of ADMA catabolism, with a high ADMA/SDMA ratio being suggestive of reduced ADMA excretion. This study aimed a) to verify the presence of a statistically significant ...
Rodd Celia - - 2014
For ages 5-19 years, the World Health Organization (WHO) publishes reference charts based on 'core data' from the US National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), collected from 1963-75 on 22,917 US children. To promote the use of body mass index in older children, weight-for-age was omitted after age 10. Health ...
Hilas Olga O St. John's University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Queens, New - - 2014
Changes in body weight can affect the overall health of an older patient and should not be considered a normal part of the aging process. In particular, weight loss can lead to numerous adverse health outcomes affecting daily activities, loss of functional status, and increased mortality. Approximately 15% to 20% ...
Onbasilar E E EE Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Science, Ankara University, Ankara 06110, - - 2014
The current study was carried out to investigate the effects of breeder age on egg composition, changes of embryo, yolk sac, and yolk minerals during incubation and hatchability in Pekin ducks. A total of 495 freshly laid eggs were obtained from the same flock of Pekin ducks, aged 28, 34, ...
Bonny Andrea E AE Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA; The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA; The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To explore the relationship between medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) pharmacokinetic (PK) parameter estimates and weight gain. Prospective study of adolescents (N=40; age 12-21 years) initiating DMPA. PK parameters were calculated: maximum MPA concentration (Cmax, ng/mL), time to Cmax (Tmax, days) and elimination rate constant (ng/mL/day). Optimal PK cut points were determined ...
Correia Luciano Lima - - 2014
To analyze the evolution in the prevalence and determinants of malnutrition in children in the semiarid region of Brazil. Data were collected from two cross-sectional population-based household surveys that used the same methodology. Clustering sampling was used to collect data from 8,000 families in Ceará, Northeastern Brazil, for the years ...
Kang D D Department of Endocrinology, Qianfoshan Hospital of Shandong University, No. 16766 Jingshi Road, Jinan, 250014, China, - - 2014
Osteoporosis and obesity are severe public health problems in an aging society, and as we all know, bone mineral density (BMD) is closely related to fat mass (FM) and fat distribution. However, studies have long focused on pre- or post-menopausal women, and its presence in men has been underestimated. To ...
Cunningham Solveig A SA From the Hubert Department of Global Health (S.A.C., K.M.V.N.) and the Department of Epidemiology (M.R.K.), Emory University, - - 2014
Although the increased prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has been documented, little is known about its incidence. We report here on the national incidence of obesity among elementary-school children. We evaluated data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, a representative prospective cohort of ...
Zhang Kai Yu - - 2014
The meniscus has an important role in force transmission across the knee, but a detailed three-dimensional (3D) morphometric shape analysis of the lateral meniscus to elucidate subject-specific function has not been conducted. The aim of this study was to perform 3D morphometric analyses of the lateral meniscus in order to ...
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