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Steer Colin D CD Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of - - 2014
To examine the influence of intrauterine environment on subsequent bone development, we investigated the relationship between birth weight and cortical bone parameters, and the role of puberty, bone resorption and insulin as possible mediators. Bone outcomes were obtained from mid-tibial pQCT scans performed at age 15.5years in 1960 males and ...
Rendall Michael S MS Michael S. Rendall is with the Department of Sociology, University of Maryland, College Park. Margaret M. Weden, Christopher Lau, and Peter Brownell are with RAND, Santa Monica, CA. Zafar Nazarov is with the Department of Economics, Purdue University, Fort Wayne, IN. Meenakshi Fernandes is with the World Food Programme, Rome, - - 2014
Objectives. We evaluated bias in estimated obesity prevalence owing to error in parental reporting. We also evaluated bias mitigation through application of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's biologically implausible value (BIV) cutoffs. Methods. We simulated obesity prevalence of children aged 2 to 5 years in 2 panel surveys after ...
Jayawardene Wasantha W 1 Department of Applied Health Science, Indiana University , Bloomington, - - 2014
Abstract Background: The accuracy and reliability of self-reported height and weight among adolescents in the process of calculating BMI is usually subject to bias. The aim of this study was to determine whether over- and under-reporting of self-reported height and weight existed among US high school students by weight category; ...
Sutin Angelina R AR Florida State University College of Medicine, Tallahassee, Florida, - - 2014
Perceived weight discrimination has been linked to health outcomes, including risk of obesity. Less is known about how discrimination is associated with intermediate physiological markers of health, such as systemic inflammation. This research examined the association between weight discrimination and C-reactive protein (CRP) and whether it varied by participants' body ...
Jelenkovic Aline A Department of Genetics, Physical Anthropology and Animal Physiology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Leioa, Spain; IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao, Spain; Department of Public Health, Hjelt Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
In many mammal species with sexual dimorphism producing sons is energetically more demanding to the mother than producing daughters. Although some studies in humans have suggested that offspring born after a brother have a smaller birth weight and adult height when compared with those born after a sister, little is ...
Ditah Ivo I Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Evaluation Survey (NHANES) 1988-1994 dataset found a relatively high seroprevalence (21%) of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in the US general population. Using data obtained within the NHANES 2009-2010 survey where a high performance assay for HEV was utilized, we have estimated the ...
Al-Alwan Ali A University of Vermont, Medicine, Burlington, Vermont, United States ; - - 2014
Rationale: The pathogenesis of asthma in obesity is poorly understood, but may be related to breathing at low lung volumes. We hypothesized that lung function in obese asthmatics and controls would respond differently to weight loss. Methods: Lung function was evaluated by conventional clinical tests and by impulse oscillometry in ...
Gouveia Maria João MJ Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Cognitive-Behavioral Research Centre, University of Coimbra, Rua do Colégio Novo, Apartado 6153, 3001-802, Coimbra, - - 2014
This study aims to explore the associations between weight status, body image dissatisfaction (BID), and psychosocial adjustment [quality of life (QOL), internalizing and externalizing problems] of normal-weight and obese youth. It aims to explore whether the associations between weight status and psychosocial adjustment are mediated by BID as well as ...
Morgan Charles F CF Department of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Science, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, - - 2014
Physical activity guidelines for youth and adults include recommendations for moderate intensity activity to attain health benefits. Indirect calorimetry studies have consistently reported a 100 step·min-1 threshold for moderate intensity walking in adults. No indirect calorimetry studies have investigated step rate thresholds in children and therefore the primary purpose of ...
Zaccagni Luciana - - 2014
Increased sedentary lifestyle and prevalence of overweight/obesity are common in western countries. The purposes of this study were (i) to assess the main health-related anthropometric characteristics in a sample of students in relation to sex, amount of physical activity and sport discipline, and (ii) to investigate the accuracy of the ...
Echeverría Sandra E SE Department of Epidemiology, Rutgers School of Public Health, Piscataway, New Jersey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Several studies have shown that obesity influences school performance. Little is known about the joint effect of poverty and obesity associated with school attendance. Data are from the National Survey of Children's Health (N = 93,151), a nationally representative sample of U.S. youth aged 10-17 years. Our dependent variable was ≥11 days of ...
Reinehr Thomas T Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition Medicine, Vestische Hospital for Children and Children Datteln, University of Witten/Herdecke, Datteln, - - 2014
Objective: Polymorphisms in intron 1 of the 'fat mass and obesity-associated' (FTO) gene are associated with weight status. We hypothesized that the risk allele at a polymorphism in intron 1 of FTO is associated with weight regain after end of lifestyle intervention. Methods: We longitudinally analyzed the changes of weight ...
Zhou Qing-He QH From the Department of Anesthesiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing University, Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, - - 2014
The spread of spinal anesthesia is highly unpredictable. In patients with increased abdominal girth and short stature, a greater cephalad spread after a fixed amount of subarachnoidally administered plain bupivacaine is often observed. We hypothesized that there is a strong correlation between abdominal girth/vertebral column length and cephalad spread. Age, ...
Swinnen Eva E Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Advanced Rehabilitation Technology and Science (ARTS), Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium Centre for Neurosciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel Brussels, - - 2014
Although body weight supported (BWS) treadmill training (TT) leads to some improvements in walking ability, it has not been proven that it is more effective than other walking therapies in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). One possible explanation could be that BWSTT focuses on the cyclic movement of the lower ...
Puelles Victor G VG Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Monash University, Melbourne, - - 2014
We have shown that low nephron number (Nglom) is a strong determinant of individual glomerular volume (IGV) in male Americans. However, whether the same pattern is present in female Americans remains unclear. The contributions of body surface area (BSA) and race to IGV in the context of Nglom also require ...
Pishnamazi A A Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada T6G - - 2014
Genetic selection programs in broiler stocks have contributed to changes in the responsiveness of the broiler breeder female to nutritional factors. A study was conducted to investigate the effect of photostimulation (PS) age on sexual maturity traits in current broiler breeder pullets. Seven hundred twenty Ross 308 pullets with full ...
Fischer Marta L - - 2014
The medically important spiders Loxosceles intermedia Mello-Leitão and Loxosceles laeta (Nicolet) are segregated in Curitiba, southern Brazil, where L. intermedia is more abundant and widespread than L. laeta. Because they share similar microhabitat preferences and wander in search of web sites, agonistic encounters are likely to occur. The purposes of ...
Namakin Kokab K Department of Pediatric, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, - - 2014
Anthropometric indices are widely used to assess the health and nutritional status of children The aim of the present study was determination of malnutrition and compare estimates of under nutrition among young children under 2 years of age from Birjand city of Iran using WHO growth standard and the National ...
Haldar Avijit A College of Fisheries, Central Agricultural University, Lembucherra- 799210, West Tripura, India - - 2014
Data on age and body weight at breeding, parity, previous litter size, days open and some descriptive body linear traits from 389 meat-type, prolific Black Bengal goats in Tripura State of India, were collected for 3 and 1/2 years (2007 to 2010) and analyzed using logistic regression model. The objectives ...
de Vargas Junior Fernando Miranda FM Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados, Rodovia Dourados à Itahum, km 12, Caixa Postal 533, 79804-970, Dourados, MS, Brazil, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess and compare the growth performance, feed efficiency, and carcass traits of Pantaneiro sheep and their Texel and Santa Inês crossbreds. Ninety-six lambs, fifty-one males, and forty-five females, with a mean weaning weight of 15.21 ± 1.25 kg and 78 ± 13 days of age, were slaughtered at a 32-kg body weight. ...
Tsai Y-W YW Department of Family Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, - - 2014
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Chronic kidney diseases are associated with changes in cardiometabolic risk (CMR) factors in which body composition parameters have been used as sensitive predictors. This study aimed to explore the associations of anthropometric indicators, body fat (BF), body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ...
Jacquemyn Y Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Antwerp University Hospital UZA , - - 2014
To describe the obstetric outcome in women at ages ≥ 45. A retrospective cohort study on a large existing database covering all deliveries in the Flanders region, Belgium, was performed, comparing obstetric outcomes at age 25, 35, 40 and 45 or older, for the period 2005-2010. In the period studied, ...
Kramer Michael S MS Departments of Pediatrics (MSK and MD) and Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health (MSK), McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada; the School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom (RMM); the National Institute for Health Research, Bristol Biomedical Research Unit in Nutrition, Bristol, United Kingdom (RMM); State Institution "the Republican Scientific and Practical Centre Mother and Child," Ministry of Health, Republic of Belarus (NB and KV); and the Obesity Prevention Program, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA - - 2014
Several recent "developmental origins" studies have reported increased long-term risks of adiposity, especially truncal adiposity, among children born small for gestational age (SGA). We assessed the effects of SGA birth and weight gain in early infancy on adiposity at age 11.5 y. From a cluster-randomized breastfeeding promotion trial in 17,046 ...
Wu Tzu-Wei TW Department of Medicine, Mackay Medical College, New Taipei City, - - 2014
Current criteria of metabolic syndrome (MetS) give equal weight to each component and apply mostly the same cut-off values to all ages. The contribution of each component to MetS and the effects of age and sex on each component and MetS were explored. We carried out a survey on residents ...
Wolff M S MS Department of Preventive Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place Box 1057, New York, NY 10029, - - 2014
Does phthalate exposure during early childhood alter the timing of pubertal development in girls? Urinary concentrations of high-molecular weight phthalate (high-MWP) metabolites are associated with later pubarche. Phthalates are anti-androgenic environmental agents known to alter early development, with possible effects on pubertal onset. This multi-ethnic study included 1239 girls from ...
James C Roger CR Center for Rehabilitation Research, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The strategies used by individuals to respond to loading perturbations have implications for both musculoskeletal health and statistical data analysis. The purpose was to explore load accommodation strategies during walking with extremity weights carried in different positions. Twenty subjects walked on an instrumented treadmill while carrying 0, 44.5 and 89N ...
Talge Nicole M NM Departments of Epidemiology and - - 2014
To provide an updated US birth weight for gestational age reference corrected for likely errors in last menstrual period (LMP)-based gestational age dating, as well as means and SDs, to enable calculation of continuous and categorical measures of birth weight for gestational age. From the 2009-2010 US live birth files, ...
Song Yun-Mi YM Department of Family Medicine, Samsung Medical Center and Center for Clinical Research, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South - - 2014
We aimed to investigate the association between weight change from 20 years of age and insulin resistance (IR), and genetic and environmental relationships between these traits. In 594 Korean twins and family members (209 men, 385 women, 44.0 ± 10.8 years old), the percentage of weight change was calculated using ...
de Vos Bastiaan C BC Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Weight loss interventions often present small mean weight changes over time, despite the fact that a substantial proportion of the participants lost more weight. This effect is often leveled out by the substantial proportion of participants who gained weight during the trial. The aim of this study is to identify ...
Babiarczyk Beata B Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Bielsko-Biała, Bielsko-Biala, - - 2014
Self-reported body mass index (BMI) is commonly used to assess nutritional status. The aim of the study was to assess the accuracy of self-reported and measured data obtained from the inpatient population. A total of 296 individuals admitted to five hospital wards were included in the study. Patients provided details ...
Davis Kathleen E KE Department of Clinical Nutrition, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) may promote inflammation by interacting with the receptor for advanced glycation end products. Serum soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE), a form of receptor for advanced glycation end products thought to mediate AGE's inflammatory properties, is decreased in diabetes mellitus and coronary artery ...
Hughes J T JT 1] Division of Medicine, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, NT, Australia [2] Charles Darwin University, Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, NT, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:To describe the development of a single-frequency bioimpedance prediction equation for fat-free mass (FFM) suitable for adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples with and without diabetes or indicators of chronic kidney disease (CKD).Subjects/Methods:FFM was measured by whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in 147 adult Indigenous Australians. Height, weight, body circumference ...
Van Eenennaam A L AL Department of Animal Science, University of California, Davis, CA - - 2014
SNP-based DNA testing was used to assign paternity to 5,052 calves conceived in natural service multi-sire breeding pastures from 3 commercial ranches in northern California representing 15 calf crops over 3 years. Bulls present for 60 to 120d at a 25:1 cow to bull ratio in both fall and spring ...
Mathewson Karen J KJ McMaster University, Department of Psychology, Neuroscience and Behaviour. Electronic address: - - 2014
Individuals born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; < 1000 grams) are exposed to early adversity in multiple forms. Given that substantial development of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) occurs during the third trimester of gestation, ANS functioning may be altered in adults who were born before reaching 28weeks of ...
Malmsten Jonas - - 2014
The moose (Alces alces) is an intensively managed keystone species in Fennoscandia. Several aspects of reproduction in moose have not been fully elucidated, including puberty, timing of mating and oestrus, and the length of the oestrus period. These aspects are relevant for an adaptive management of moose with respect to ...
Dixon J B JB Baker IDI Heart & Diabetes Institute, Melbourne Victoria, - - 2014
The 'obesity paradox' refers to observations that run counter to the thesis that normal weight (BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m(2)) provides the lowest mortality and higher weight is associated with greater mortality. We argue that the weight of lowest mortality is influenced by aging and chronic disease, with mortality advantage extending into the ...
Flannigan Christopher C Paediatric Intensive Care, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham B4 6NH, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine if the revised APLS UK formulae for estimating weight are appropriate for use in the paediatric intensive care population in the United Kingdom. A retrospective observational study involving 10,081 children (5622 male, 4459 female) between the age of term corrected and 15 years, who were admitted to Paediatric ...
Williams Andrew James AJ Institute of Health Services Research, University of Exeter Medical School (formerly Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry), Veysey Building, Salmon Pool Lane, Exeter, Devon EX2 4SG United Kingdom; Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre, Sport and Health Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, St. Luke's Campus, Heavitree Road, Exeter, Devon EX1 2LU United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether there is a differential impact of primary schools upon children's weight status. A repeated cross-sectional study was undertaken using five years (2006/07 - 2010/11) of National Child Measurement Programme data, comprising 57,976 children (aged 4-5 (Reception) and 10-11 (Year 6) years) from 300 primary schools across Devon, ...
Yang Jae Hyuk JH *Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Veterans Health Service Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea; †Department of Orthopedics, Scoliosis Research Institute, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea; and ‡Department of Orthopedics, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea. There are two authors with the same name (Jae Hyuk Yang) but these are separate individuals at different - - 2014
To describe the changes in the spinopelvic parameters in weight lifters and evaluate the factors leading to spinal anatomical changes (eg, spondylolysis and listhesis). Case-control study. Tertiary, institutional. The study group participants were practicing weight lifters in the athlete's village of the 2012 London Olympics. A total of 21 elite ...
Jiang Yuzhen Y UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London and Moorfields Eye Hospital , London , UK - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To assess the associations between narrow angle and adult anthropometry. Methods: Chinese adults aged 50 years and older were recruited from a population-based survey in the Liwan District of Guangzhou, China. Narrow angle was defined as the posterior trabecular meshwork not visible under static gonioscopy in at least ...
Crotin Ryan L RL 1Baltimore Orioles, Major League Baseball Club, Baltimore, Maryland 2Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, The College of Education. The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 3Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, - - 2014
Major League baseball players have not been longitudinally examined for changes in physical size. Height, weight, and body mass indices (BMI) were examined among offensive league leaders (OLL) and Major League (MLB) reference cohorts at 1970, 1990, and 2010. Anthropometric values were expected to increase successively, where OLL were expected ...
Poston W S C WS Center for Fire, Rescue and EMS Health Research, Institute for Biobehavioral Health Research, NDRI-MA, NDRI: National Development and Research Institutes, Inc., Leawood, KS 66224, - - 2014
BackgroundObesity is of increasing concern especially among firefighters. Bias in self-reported body weight, height and body mass index (BMI) has received a great deal of attention given its importance in epidemiological field research on obesity.AimsTo determine the validity of self-reported weight, height and BMI and identify potential sources of bias ...
Duchin Ofra O 1 Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2014
Body image dissatisfaction (BID) in school-age children is positively associated with weight status in cross-sectional studies; however, it is uncertain whether BID is a risk factor for the development of adiposity over time. The aim of the present study was to examine the association of BID with changes in BMI ...
Kang Shinae - - 2014
Although body mass index (BMI) is the most widely accepted parameter for defining obesity, recent studies have indicated a unique set of patients who exhibit normal BMI and excess body fat (BF), which is termed as normal weight obesity (NWO). Increased BF is an established risk factor for atherosclerosis. However, ...
Shalaby M E ME Dermatology, Venereology & Andrology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess the penile length-somatometric parameters relationship in healthy Egyptian men. Two thousand physically normal men (22-40 years) were subjected to measurement of stretched penile length, glans penis, testis size, index finger, weight, height, span, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference and waist/hip ratio. The mean ...
Santos D A DA Exercise and Health Laboratory, CIPER, Fac Motricidade Humana, Univ Tecn Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal - - - 2014
Aim: Body composition changes among elite athletes may influence competitive performance. This study aimed to characterize the body composition changes at the molecular, cellular, tissue, and whole-body level of analysis in elite junior basketball players during the course of a season. Methods: Twelve males and 11 females (16 to 17 ...
El Hage R R Laboratoire de Physiologie et de Biomécanique de la Performance Motrice Université de Balamand, Al Koura, Liban - - - 2014
Aim: The aim of this study was to compare lumbar spine, total hip, femoral neck, total forearm and 1/3 Radius bone mineral density (BMD) in young female football players and age- and body weight- matched female controls (aged 18 to 30 years). Methods: This study included 18 female football players ...
González-Pisani Ximena X 1 National Patagonian Center (CENPAT-CONICET), Puerto Madryn, Chubut, - - 2014
A comparative analysis of reproductive effort, fecundity, and egg weight was conducted in two species of spider crabs, Leurocyclus tuberculosus and Libinia spinosa, during one-year period. Ovigerous females were collected from Patagonia-Argentina (42°56'S, 64°21'W) and were measured (CW = carapace width). Each egg brood was weighed, dried and the number ...
Gerards Sanne Mpl - - 2014
Parents often fail to correctly perceive their children's weight status, but no studies have examined the association between parental weight status perception and longitudinal BMIz change (BMI standardized to a reference population) at various ages. We investigated whether parents are able to accurately perceive their child's weight status at age ...
Ozaras Nihal N Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Bezmialem Vakif University, 5. Etap Yenikoy Sitesi D22 Daire 1, Basaksehir, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) may result in a loss of spinal mobility. Therefore, evaluation of spinal mobility is an essential part of follow-up of patients with AS. The tragus-to-wall distance (TWD) is one of the four spinal mobility assessment parameters of the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index, an index used in ...
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