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Vanden Bosch Melodee L ML Grand Valley State University, Kirkhof College of Nursing, Grand Rapids, MI. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study examined personal, cognitive, affective, and behavioral variables related to body mass index (BMI) among 73 6th and 7th grade girls, and differences between categories of healthy weight, overweight, and obese in the variables. BMI was correlated with barriers to physical activity, enjoyment of physical activity, light physical activity, ...
Al-Alwan Ali A 1 Deparment of Medicine - - 2014
The pathogenesis of asthma in obesity is poorly understood, but may be related to breathing at low lung volumes. To determine if lung function in obese patients with asthma and control subjects would respond differently to weight loss. Lung function was evaluated by conventional clinical tests and by impulse oscillometry ...
Esteban-Cornejo I I Department of Physical Education, Sports and Human Movement, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
Unhealthy body composition is a cause for concern across the lifespan. The objective of this study was to examine the independent and combined associations between neonatal and current body composition with academic performance among youth. This cross-sectional study was conducted with a total of 1557 youth (745 girls) aged 10.4 ± 3.4 years. ...
McCormack Gavin R GR Department of Community Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Higher levels of sedentary behavior are associated with adverse health outcomes. Over-reliance on private motor vehicles for transportation is a potential contributor to the obesity epidemic. The objective of this study was to review evidence on the relationship between motor vehicle travel distance and time and weight status among adults. ...
Pierog Anne A *Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition †Division of Pediatric Surgery ‡Division of Neonatology §Mailman School of Public Health ||Division of Clinical Genetics ¶Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Columbia University, New York, - - 2014
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors often have gastrointestinal disorders and limited outcome data exist. This study reviewed risk factors for low weight and use of feeding tubes after CDH repair at 1 year of age. The hypothesis was that patients who required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) or with significant pulmonary ...
Atkinson Emily C EC *Laboratory of Immunoregulation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD †DNA Repair Section, Dermatology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
Trichothiodystrophy (TTD) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of DNA repair and transcription. Patients have multisystem abnormalities including alterations in growth and development. This report characterizes the growth and nutritional status of a cohort of children with TTD. Twenty-five patients with TTD were evaluated through a natural history study of ...
Perez-Leighton Claudio C Center for Integrative Medicine and Innovative Science, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile; Escuela de Nutricion, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Andres Bello, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address: - - 2014
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a chronic eating disorder affecting females and males, defined by body weight loss, higher physical activity levels and restricted food intake. Currently, the commonalities and differences between genders in etiology of AN are not well understood. Animal models of AN, such as activity-based anorexia (ABA), can ...
Heltshe Sonya L SL Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Therapeutics Development Network, Seattle Children's Hospital Research Institute, Seattle, WA 98145, United States; University of Washington School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Seattle, WA 98195, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
CF infants often do not grow as expected which adversely affects later clinical outcomes, thus sensitive early measures of growth deficiency are important. This study compared attained growth for age with velocity standards to determine which better predicts growth deficits at 24months of age. Growth deficiency in infancy based on ...
Fong Alex A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California, Irvine Medical Center, Orange, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess an early hemoglobin A1c (HgbA1c) from 5.7-6.4% as an early predictor of progression to gestational diabetes (GDM). A retrospective cohort study was performed on all subjects who delivered at a single institution over 2 years who had an early screening HgbA1c performed at < 20 weeks. Subjects with ...
Howe Cheryl A CA School of Applied Health Sciences and Wellness, Ohio University, Athens, - - 2014
Although promoted for weight loss, especially in young adults, it has yet to be determined if the physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) and intensity of the newest active video games (AVG) qualifies as moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA; >3.0 METs). This study compared the PAEE and intensity of AVG to traditional seated ...
Brito E E Southwest Interdisciplinary Research Center, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, - - 2014
To examine the effects of a diabetes prevention programme on weight-specific Quality of Life (QOL) in obese Latino youth. Fifteen obese Latino adolescents (body mass index % = 96.4 ± 1.2; age = 15.0 ± 1.0) completed a 12-week culturally grounded, community-based intervention designed to improve physical and psychosocial health. Weight-specific QOL was assessed by the Youth Quality ...
Rantakokko Panu - - 2014
Humans are exposed to tributyltin (TBT), previously used as an antifouling paint in ships, mainly through fish consumption. As TBT is a known obesogen, we studied the association of placenta TBT and other organotin compounds (OTCs) with ponderal index (PI) and growth during the first 18 months of life in ...
Motz R R Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Elisabeth Children's Hospital, Klinikum Oldenburg, Rahel-Straus-Strasse 10, 26133, Oldenburg, Germany, - - 2014
Looking after children means caring for very small infants up to adult-sized adolescents, with weights ranging from 500 g to more than 100 kg and heights ranging from 25 to more than 200 cm. The available echocardiographic reference data were drawn from a small sample, which did not include preterm ...
Dhurandhar Emily J EJ From the Department of Health Behavior, School of Public Health (EJD); the Office of Energetics, Nutrition Obesity Research Center, Department of Nutrition Sciences, School of Public Health and School of Health Professions (JD, A Alcorn, and DBA); and the Division of Preventative Medicine, School of Medicine (JMS), University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL; The OPUS Centre, Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (LHL and A Astrup); the Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Diabetes (EAT) and the Department of Pediatrics, Anshutz Medical Campus (MC and JOH), University of Colorado Denver, Denver, CO; the Nutrition and Weight Management Center, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA (ACB and CMA); and the New York Obesity Research Center, Columbia University, New York, NY - - 2014
Breakfast is associated with lower body weight in observational studies. Public health authorities commonly recommend breakfast consumption to reduce obesity, but the effectiveness of adopting these recommendations for reducing body weight is unknown.OBJECTIVE: We tested the relative effectiveness of a recommendation to eat or skip breakfast on weight loss in ...
Kakinami Lisa L Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two thirds of the U.S. population is overweight or obese, but those living in poverty are disproportionately affected. Although 30%-50% of Americans report currently trying to lose weight, some strategies may be counterproductive. Little is known about how income may be associated with weight-loss strategies. This study aims to determine ...
Lents C A CA USDA, ARS, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE 68933-0166 - - 2014
Direct selection for uterine capacity (UC) increased the number of live pigs born. A method to indirectly estimate UC in developing gilts is needed for this trait to be incorporated into commercial selection strategies. We tested the hypothesis that selection for UC alters phenotypic characteristics of the reproductive tract of ...
Yamaguchi Junichi J Chiba City Public Health Center, Chiba 261-8755, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to clarify, through a prospective study, the relationship between leptin and adiponectin levels, and subsequent weight change. The study subjects were 2,485 male office workers aged 35-64 employed by a company in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Of these men, 1,936 (77.9%) received health check-ups both ...
Dalton William T WT 3rd From the Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences, the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology and the Department of Community and Behavioral Health, College of Public Health, and the Department of Pediatrics, Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson - - 2014
The purpose of the study was to examine potential differences between two approaches to defining adolescent weight misperception. Specifically, weight status perception was compared with self-reported weight status and actual weight status (based on body mass index percentiles calculated from self-reported and actual weights and heights, respectively). Furthermore, the accuracy ...
Castilho Silvia Diez SD Faculdade de Medicina, PUC-Campinas, Campinas, SP, - - 2014
To evaluate the prevalence of weight excess in children and adolescents attending public and private schools of Campinas, Southeast Brazil, according to age group. Cross-sectional study that enrolled 3,130 students from 2010 to 2012. The weight and the height were measured and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The ...
Camerlink I I Adaptation Physiology Group, Wageningen University, PO Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands Animal Breeding and Genomics Centre, Wageningen University, PO Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands - - 2014
Intensively reared piglets may face many early life challenges and these may affect behavior. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between piglets' early life circumstances and their behavioral response in a backtest. Hereto, 992 piglets of 14 d of age were subjected to a backtest, in ...
Aguilar-Martínez Alicia A Department of Health Sciences, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, Barcelona, - - 2014
We conducted a systematic review of the literature on the use of mobile phones for weight loss. A total of 43 studies were identified on obese or overweight adults, aged 18 years or over. After review, ten articles met the inclusion criteria. There were 19-534 participants per study. Participants were ...
Whitney Darryl C DC McClure Musculoskeletal Research Center, Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, Vermont, - - 2014
The morphometric characteristics of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the femoral intercondylar notch within which it resides have been implicated as risk factors for injuries to this important stabilizer of the knee. Prior research has produced equivocal results with differing methodologies, and consequently, it is unclear how these characteristics ...
Powell-Wiley Tiffany M TM Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Branch, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institutes, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892; Applied Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, MD 20850. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine relationship between neighborhood-level socioeconomic deprivation and weight change in a multi-ethnic cohort from Dallas County, Texas and whether behavioral/psychosocial factors attenuate the relationship. Non-movers(those in the same neighborhood throughout the study period) aged 18-65(N=939) in Dallas Heart Study(DHS) underwent weight measurements between 2000-2009(median 7-year follow-up). Geocoded home addresses ...
Ohara Kumiko K Graduate School of Human Development and Environment, Kobe University, 3-11 Tsurukabuto, Nada, Kobe, Hyogo, 657-8501, - - 2014
We investigated the relationship between eating behavior measured by the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (DEBQ) and perception of body shape, examining the current physical status and 'ideal' physical parameters in females and males. The participants, 548 Japanese university students (age 19.2 ± 0.9 years, mean ± SD; 252 males, 296 females), completed a questionnaire which ...
Knowles Gemma G 1Department of Public Health,Epidemiology and Biostatistics,University of - - 2014
To determine the potential predictors of body size dissatisfaction in Chinese children. The Child's Body Image Scale was used to assess body size perception and dissatisfaction. BMI was calculated from objectively measured height and weight. Predictors of body size dissatisfaction were examined by logistic regression analysis. Hong Kong, China. Six ...
Steer Colin D CD Centre for Child and Adolescent Health, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of - - 2014
To examine the influence of intrauterine environment on subsequent bone development, we investigated the relationship between birth weight and cortical bone parameters, and the role of puberty, bone resorption and insulin as possible mediators. Bone outcomes were obtained from mid-tibial pQCT scans performed at age 15.5years in 1960 males and ...
Rendall Michael S MS Michael S. Rendall is with the Department of Sociology, University of Maryland, College Park. Margaret M. Weden, Christopher Lau, and Peter Brownell are with RAND, Santa Monica, CA. Zafar Nazarov is with the Department of Economics, Purdue University, Fort Wayne, IN. Meenakshi Fernandes is with the World Food Programme, Rome, - - 2014
Objectives. We evaluated bias in estimated obesity prevalence owing to error in parental reporting. We also evaluated bias mitigation through application of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's biologically implausible value (BIV) cutoffs. Methods. We simulated obesity prevalence of children aged 2 to 5 years in 2 panel surveys after ...
Jayawardene Wasantha W 1 Department of Applied Health Science, Indiana University , Bloomington, - - 2014
Abstract Background: The accuracy and reliability of self-reported height and weight among adolescents in the process of calculating BMI is usually subject to bias. The aim of this study was to determine whether over- and under-reporting of self-reported height and weight existed among US high school students by weight category; ...
Sutin Angelina R AR Florida State University College of Medicine, Tallahassee, Florida, - - 2014
Perceived weight discrimination has been linked to health outcomes, including risk of obesity. Less is known about how discrimination is associated with intermediate physiological markers of health, such as systemic inflammation. This research examined the association between weight discrimination and C-reactive protein (CRP) and whether it varied by participants' body ...
Jelenkovic Aline A Department of Genetics, Physical Anthropology and Animal Physiology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Leioa, Spain; IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao, Spain; Department of Public Health, Hjelt Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
In many mammal species with sexual dimorphism producing sons is energetically more demanding to the mother than producing daughters. Although some studies in humans have suggested that offspring born after a brother have a smaller birth weight and adult height when compared with those born after a sister, little is ...
Ditah Ivo I Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Evaluation Survey (NHANES) 1988-1994 dataset found a relatively high seroprevalence (21%) of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in the US general population. Using data obtained within the NHANES 2009-2010 survey where a high performance assay for HEV was utilized, we have estimated the ...
Gouveia Maria João MJ Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Cognitive-Behavioral Research Centre, University of Coimbra, Rua do Colégio Novo, Apartado 6153, 3001-802, Coimbra, - - 2014
This study aims to explore the associations between weight status, body image dissatisfaction (BID), and psychosocial adjustment [quality of life (QOL), internalizing and externalizing problems] of normal-weight and obese youth. It aims to explore whether the associations between weight status and psychosocial adjustment are mediated by BID as well as ...
Morgan Charles F CF Department of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Science, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, - - 2014
Physical activity guidelines for youth and adults include recommendations for moderate intensity activity to attain health benefits. Indirect calorimetry studies have consistently reported a 100 step·min-1 threshold for moderate intensity walking in adults. No indirect calorimetry studies have investigated step rate thresholds in children and therefore the primary purpose of ...
Zaccagni Luciana - - 2014
Increased sedentary lifestyle and prevalence of overweight/obesity are common in western countries. The purposes of this study were (i) to assess the main health-related anthropometric characteristics in a sample of students in relation to sex, amount of physical activity and sport discipline, and (ii) to investigate the accuracy of the ...
Echeverría Sandra E SE Department of Epidemiology, Rutgers School of Public Health, Piscataway, New Jersey. Electronic address: - - 2014
Several studies have shown that obesity influences school performance. Little is known about the joint effect of poverty and obesity associated with school attendance. Data are from the National Survey of Children's Health (N = 93,151), a nationally representative sample of U.S. youth aged 10-17 years. Our dependent variable was ≥11 days of ...
Reinehr Thomas T Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Nutrition Medicine, Vestische Hospital for Children and Children Datteln, University of Witten/Herdecke, Datteln, - - 2014
Objective: Polymorphisms in intron 1 of the 'fat mass and obesity-associated' (FTO) gene are associated with weight status. We hypothesized that the risk allele at a polymorphism in intron 1 of FTO is associated with weight regain after end of lifestyle intervention. Methods: We longitudinally analyzed the changes of weight ...
Zhou Qing-He QH From the Department of Anesthesiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Jiaxing University, Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, - - 2014
The spread of spinal anesthesia is highly unpredictable. In patients with increased abdominal girth and short stature, a greater cephalad spread after a fixed amount of subarachnoidally administered plain bupivacaine is often observed. We hypothesized that there is a strong correlation between abdominal girth/vertebral column length and cephalad spread. Age, ...
Swinnen Eva E Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Advanced Rehabilitation Technology and Science (ARTS), Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium Centre for Neurosciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel Brussels, - - 2014
Although body weight supported (BWS) treadmill training (TT) leads to some improvements in walking ability, it has not been proven that it is more effective than other walking therapies in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). One possible explanation could be that BWSTT focuses on the cyclic movement of the lower ...
Puelles Victor G VG Department of Anatomy and Developmental Biology, Monash University, Melbourne, - - 2014
We have shown that low nephron number (Nglom) is a strong determinant of individual glomerular volume (IGV) in male Americans. However, whether the same pattern is present in female Americans remains unclear. The contributions of body surface area (BSA) and race to IGV in the context of Nglom also require ...
Pishnamazi A A Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science Department, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada T6G - - 2014
Genetic selection programs in broiler stocks have contributed to changes in the responsiveness of the broiler breeder female to nutritional factors. A study was conducted to investigate the effect of photostimulation (PS) age on sexual maturity traits in current broiler breeder pullets. Seven hundred twenty Ross 308 pullets with full ...
Fischer Marta L - - 2014
The medically important spiders Loxosceles intermedia Mello-Leitão and Loxosceles laeta (Nicolet) are segregated in Curitiba, southern Brazil, where L. intermedia is more abundant and widespread than L. laeta. Because they share similar microhabitat preferences and wander in search of web sites, agonistic encounters are likely to occur. The purposes of ...
Namakin Kokab K Department of Pediatric, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, - - 2014
Anthropometric indices are widely used to assess the health and nutritional status of children The aim of the present study was determination of malnutrition and compare estimates of under nutrition among young children under 2 years of age from Birjand city of Iran using WHO growth standard and the National ...
Haldar Avijit A College of Fisheries, Central Agricultural University, Lembucherra- 799210, West Tripura, India - - 2014
Data on age and body weight at breeding, parity, previous litter size, days open and some descriptive body linear traits from 389 meat-type, prolific Black Bengal goats in Tripura State of India, were collected for 3 and 1/2 years (2007 to 2010) and analyzed using logistic regression model. The objectives ...
Jain Veena - - 2014
This preliminary hospital based study was designed to measure the mean maximum bite force (MMBF) in healthy Indian individuals. An attempt was made to correlate MMBF with body mass index (BMI) and some of the anthropometric features. A total of 358 healthy subjects in the age range of 18-47 years ...
de Vargas Junior Fernando Miranda FM Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados, Rodovia Dourados à Itahum, km 12, Caixa Postal 533, 79804-970, Dourados, MS, Brazil, - - 2014
This study aimed to assess and compare the growth performance, feed efficiency, and carcass traits of Pantaneiro sheep and their Texel and Santa Inês crossbreds. Ninety-six lambs, fifty-one males, and forty-five females, with a mean weaning weight of 15.21 ± 1.25 kg and 78 ± 13 days of age, were slaughtered at a 32-kg body weight. ...
Tsai Y-W YW Department of Family Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, - - 2014
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Chronic kidney diseases are associated with changes in cardiometabolic risk (CMR) factors in which body composition parameters have been used as sensitive predictors. This study aimed to explore the associations of anthropometric indicators, body fat (BF), body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ...
Jacquemyn Y Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Antwerp University Hospital UZA , - - 2014
To describe the obstetric outcome in women at ages ≥ 45. A retrospective cohort study on a large existing database covering all deliveries in the Flanders region, Belgium, was performed, comparing obstetric outcomes at age 25, 35, 40 and 45 or older, for the period 2005-2010. In the period studied, ...
Kramer Michael S MS Departments of Pediatrics (MSK and MD) and Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health (MSK), McGill University Faculty of Medicine, Montreal, Canada; the School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom (RMM); the National Institute for Health Research, Bristol Biomedical Research Unit in Nutrition, Bristol, United Kingdom (RMM); State Institution "the Republican Scientific and Practical Centre Mother and Child," Ministry of Health, Republic of Belarus (NB and KV); and the Obesity Prevention Program, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA - - 2014
Several recent "developmental origins" studies have reported increased long-term risks of adiposity, especially truncal adiposity, among children born small for gestational age (SGA). We assessed the effects of SGA birth and weight gain in early infancy on adiposity at age 11.5 y. From a cluster-randomized breastfeeding promotion trial in 17,046 ...
Wu Tzu-Wei TW Department of Medicine, Mackay Medical College, New Taipei City, - - 2014
Current criteria of metabolic syndrome (MetS) give equal weight to each component and apply mostly the same cut-off values to all ages. The contribution of each component to MetS and the effects of age and sex on each component and MetS were explored. We carried out a survey on residents ...
Wolff M S MS Department of Preventive Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place Box 1057, New York, NY 10029, - - 2014
Does phthalate exposure during early childhood alter the timing of pubertal development in girls? Urinary concentrations of high-molecular weight phthalate (high-MWP) metabolites are associated with later pubarche. Phthalates are anti-androgenic environmental agents known to alter early development, with possible effects on pubertal onset. This multi-ethnic study included 1239 girls from ...
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