Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2276
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Addo O Yaw OY Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. - - 2013
To examine associations between maternal height and child growth during 4 developmental periods: intrauterine, birth to age 2 years, age 2 years to mid-childhood (MC), and MC to adulthood. Pooled analysis of maternal height and offspring growth using 7630 mother-child pairs from 5 birth cohorts (Brazil, Guatemala, India, the Philippines, ...
Chrouser Kristin - - 2013
PURPOSE: Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) has been shown to reduce men's risk of HIV infection through heterosexual intercourse by ~60% in clinical trials and 73% in post-trial follow-up. In 2007, WHO and UNAIDS recommended countries with low circumcision rates and high HIV prevalence expand VMMC programs as part of ...
Béghin Laurent - - 2013
Background and Aims: The aim of this study was to assess factors that have an effect on the accuracy of self-reported weight and height in adolescents. Methods: Weight and height of 3,865 European adolescents aged 12.5 to 17.5 years were self-reported via specific questionnaire. Then real weight and height were ...
Albanese Emiliano - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the association between dementia severity and weight loss in countries with low and middle incomes, where most prevalent cases reside. METHODS: Cross-sectional catchment area surveys were performed in Cuba, Mexico, Venezuela, Peru, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, China, and India. In 16,538 older adults (≥65 years ...
Dorado J - - 2013
The aims of this study were to (1) identify sperm subpopulations with specific motion characteristics in fresh Andalusian donkey ejaculates; (2) evaluate the effects of individual donkey and ejaculates within the same donkey on the distribution of the subpopulations found; and (3) explore the relationship between the age and the ...
Gennuso Keith P - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: To examine the association between sedentary behavior (SB), cardiometabolic risk factors, and self-reported physical function by level of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis was completed on 1, 914 older adults aged ≥65 years from the 2003-2006 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). MVPA and SB ...
Hu Po-Ting - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of using a cane on movement time, joint moment, weight symmetry, and muscle activation patterns during sit-to-stand (STS) transfer in healthy subjects and subjects who have had a stroke. DESIGN: Nine subjects with hemiparesis (mean [SD] age, 61.11 [12.83] ...
Keating Catherine L - - 2013
This study aimed to estimate utility-based quality of life (UQoL) differences between healthy body weight and excess body weight categories. Cross-sectional analysis of 10,959 adults, participating in baseline data collection of the nationally representative Australian Diabetes, Obesity, and Lifestyle (AusDiab) Study was undertaken. Height and weight were measured by trained ...
Ribeiro Carla Carolina Dias Uzedo - - 2013
The genus Ornithodoros is represented by 15 species in Brazil, on which no detailed life cycle studies have been published, except for O. talaje and O. mimon. The aim of the present study was to evaluate life cycle parameters of O. rostratus based on ticks collected in the Pantanal wetland ...
Badmus T A - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalent age of symptomatic benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), the average BPH volume, and the association between BPH volumes and the age, and anthropometrics in our immediate black community. PATIENTS, MATERIALS AND METHOD: Selected patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to BPH with tissue diagnosis, ...
Sasikumarl Geetha - - 2013
Sepia pharaonis is an important commercial species endemic to the tropical Indo-Pacific region. Despite its commercial significance, only few information on natural populations is available. This study was aimed to describe the aspects of size-composition, length-weight relationship, catch rates, seasonal recruitment and inter-cohort growth patterns of S. pharaonis population (Clade ...
Hayd Liliam - - 2013
The palaemonid shrimp Macrobrachium amazonicum shows an unusually large geographic range (ca. 4000km across) living in coastal, estuarine, and limnic inland habitats of the upper Amazon, Orinoco, and La Plata basins. This raises doubts whether allopatric, ecologically diverse populations belong to the same species. While shrimps from estuarine and Amazonian ...
Félix Verónica Rivera - - 2013
Sagittae otoliths are the most studied because of their morphological variability and size; the sagittae may also have valuable taxonomic use and for D. auratus has not yet been described. In the present study we present a morphological description of the sagitta otolith and an analysis of its correlation with ...
Cinteza Eliza - - 2013
Aim: Knowledge of the existence of a prolonged action of cardiovascular risk factors since childhood is extremely important in a country with one of the highest cardiovascular mortality in Europe. The purpose of this survey was to study the prevalence of arterial hypertension (AH) and cardiovascular risk factors in Romanian ...
Baxter Kimberley A KA Children's Nutrition Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Discipline of Paediatrics & Child Health, The Royal Children's Hospital, Herston, QLD 4029, Australia. Electronic - - 2013
Summary: Objective: To explore which baseline physiological and psychosocial variables predict change in body mass index (BMI) z-score in obese youth after 12 weeks of a dietary weight management study.Methods: Participants were obese young people participating in a dietary intervention trial in Brisbane Australia. The outcome variable was change in ...
Shield Kevin D KD Centre for Addition and Mental Halth, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. - - 2013
In Canada, harm from nonmedical prescription opioid analgesic (POA) use (NMPOU) has increased in recent years; however, there are limitations to the current estimates of NMPOU. The 2009 Canadian Alcohol and Drug Use Monitoring Survey presents an opportunity to produce more accurate estimates of NMPOU. To determine the prevalence of ...
Micciolo Rocco - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association of obesity with comorbidity and with subjective health perception in a large sample representative of the Italian population and how the association differs by age and gender. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were obtained from nine waves of the "Multipurpose Household Survey," conducted by the Italian National ...
Ghorbani Azam - - 2013
Obesity is a public health problem that has raised concern worldwide. Numerous epidemiological studies have been showed the relationship between obesity, abdominal fatness and risk of a wide range of illnesses (i.e. diabetes). Obese people experience health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) impairments. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect ...
Headrick Lauren B - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference between self-reported and calculated daily energy requirements of adults within different body mass index (BMI) categories. METHODS: Adults (n = 978) self-reported daily energy requirements, demographic information, and height, weight, age, and physical activity level (PAL) to calculate total energy expenditure. RESULTS: The main effects of ...
de Vos Bastiaan C - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Weight loss interventions have been studied extensively, but methodological limitations negatively affecting applicability in everyday clinical practice are a very common problem in these studies. Despite the fact that obesity is treated mostly in a primary care setting, studies that investigate weight loss interventions in a primary care setting ...
Jetton Adam M - - 2013
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to characterize the magnitude of acute weight gain (AWG) and dehydration in mixed martial arts (MMA) fighters prior to competition. Urinary measures of hydration status and body mass were determined ∼24 h prior and then again ∼2 h prior to competition in 40 ...
Gennuso Keith P - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: To examine the association between sedentary behavior (SB), cardiometabolic risk factors, and self-reported physical function by level of moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis was completed on 1, 914 older adults aged ≥65 years from the 2003-2006 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). MVPA and SB ...
Darmon Patrice - - 2013
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Strategies for weight management in older adults remain controversial as overweight may protect them against mortality whereas weight loss may have harmful effects by promoting sarcopenia and bone loss. It has been suggested that weight management for obese older adults should focus more on maintaining weight and ...
Camacho E M EM Andrology Research Unit, Institute of Human Development, Centre for Endocrinology and Diabetes, University of Manchester, Old St Mary's Building, Hathersage Road, Manchester M13 9WL, - - 2013
Health and lifestyle factors are associated with variations in serum testosterone levels in ageing men. However, it remains unclear how age-related changes in testosterone may be attenuated by lifestyle modifications. The objective was to investigate the longitudinal relationships between changes in health and lifestyle factors with changes in hormones of ...
Haukvik Unn K - - 2013
Background:Normal birth weight variation affects schizophrenia risk and cognitive performance in schizophrenia patients and healthy controls. Brain cortical anatomy is altered in psychotic disorders and in low birth weight subjects, but if birth weight variation relates to cortical morphology across the psychosis spectrum is not known.Methods:Magnetic Resonance Imaging brain scans ...
Gunnare Nicole A - - 2013
This study measured accuracy of self-reported body mass index (BMI), particularly weight, in a college population. The main purpose was to examine the role of gender, BMI, body weight satisfaction, weighing frequency and physical activity level in accuracy (weight difference, percent weight difference, and absolute weight difference). Students (N=405; 56% ...
Xinyu Zhao - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To establish a useful and simple model for evaluating biological age (BA) and to explore the clinical significance of this model. METHODS: A waist circumference density index (WCDI) was established by considering the body as a cylinder and the waist circumference (WC) as the perimeter of this cylinder. Body ...
Boeke Caroline E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We examined associations of perinatal and 3-year leptin with weight gain and adiposity through 7 years. DESIGN AND METHODS: In Project Viva, we assessed plasma leptin from mothers at 26-28 weeks' gestation (n=893), umbilical cord vein at delivery (n=540), and children at 3 years (n=510) in relation to body ...
Cui Yong - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Telomeres are specialized chromatin structures essential for maintenance of chromosomal integrity and stability. Obesity has been proposed to be associated with telomere shortening; however, epidemiologic evidence has been conflicting. We conducted astudy to evaluate the associations of telomere length with various anthropometric indices of general and abdominal obesity, as ...
Waters Debra L - - 2013
Obesity in older adults is ubiquitous in many developed countries and is related to various negative health outcomes, making it an important public health target for intervention. However, treatment approaches for obesity in older adults remain controversial due to concerns surrounding the difficulty of behavior change with advancing age, exacerbating ...
Rosales Nieto C A - - 2013
The reproductive efficiency of the entire sheep flock could be improved if ewe lambs go through puberty early and produce their first lamb at 1 year of age. The onset of puberty is linked to the attainment of critical body mass, and therefore we tested whether it would be influenced ...
Hall Wiley A - - 2013
The aging of fresh secondary organic aerosol (SOA), formed in a flow tube reactor by α-pinene ozonolysis, was studied by passing the fresh SOA into a second chamber for reaction with high levels of the hydroxyl radical. Two types of experiments were performed: 1) injection of a short plug of ...
Lin Ting - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries are a population health problem worldwide especially in less-developed countries; however, little is known about road traffic disability (RTD). This study aims to estimate RTD prevalence and to explore RTD socio-demographic disparities if any within China. METHODS: The 2006 China national disability survey was employed to ...
Parks E P - - 2013
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT: Adolescence is an important period of physiological growth. Loss of central adiposity with preservation of lean mass during weight loss is optimal. There are discrepancies in the literature concerning changes in lean mass during weight loss in adolescents. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS: This ...
Trasande Leonardo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Phthalates have antiandrogenic effects and may disrupt lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. Racial/ethnic subpopulations have been documented to have varying urinary phthalate concentrations and prevalences of childhood obesity. OBJECTIVE: We examined associations between urinary phthalate metabolites and body mass outcomes in a nationally representative sample of US children and adolescents. ...
Kwon Beom-June - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated prevalence and severity of angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD) according to groups by metabolically obese (MO) and/or weight status. MATERIAL/METHODS: Normal weight was defined as body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2))<25 and obesity was defined as BMI≥25. The MO was determined using the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment ...
Lausten-Thomsen Ulrik - - 2013
Recent evidence has demonstrated the prenatal initiation of childhood obesity as epidemiological studies and animal studies have illustrated the effect of the intrauterine milieu for subsequent development of childhood obesity. This study investigates the relationship between severe childhood obesity and the preceding in utero conditions expressed by birth weight and ...
Gholami A - - 2013
Studies of risk factors for acute leukaemia are inconclusive. This case-control study was done in West Azerbaijan province, Islamic Republic of Iran, to determine the relationship between birth weight and acute leukaemia in children aged under 15 years. For every patient 2 age- and sex-matched controls were selected from hospital ...
Rameshkumar Ganapathy - - 2013
To examine the effect of isopod parasite Catoessa boscii (C. boscii) on Carangoides malabaricus (C. malabaricus). The host fish C. malabaricus infested by C. boscii were collected directly from the trawlers landed at Parangipettai coast during December 2008 to November 2009. Data regarding the total length, width, weight and sex ...
Poli Francesca - - 2013
We analyzed the potential predictive factors for precocious puberty, observed in some cases of childhood narcolepsy with cataplexy (NC) and for obesity, a much more common feature of NC, through a systematic assessment of pubertal staging, body mass index (BMI), and metabolic/endocrine biochemical analyses. Cross-sectional on consecutive recruitment. Hospital sleep ...
Sánchez-Cruz José-Juan JJ Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública, Granada, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
Obesity is a major cardiovascular risk factor. In Spain, few studies have physically measured height and weight to estimate the magnitude of the problem. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of child and adolescent obesity in Spain in 2012. We performed a cross-sectional probability sample of ...
Sánchez-Cruz José-Juan - - 2013
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a major cardiovascular risk factor. In Spain, few studies have physically measured height and weight to estimate the magnitude of the problem. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of child and adolescent obesity in Spain in 2012. METHODS: We performed a ...
Rajaei Seyed Mehdi - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To determine the normal reference range for phenol red thread test (PRTT) values in clinically normal Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus). ANIMALS: Sixteen healthy adult Syrian hamsters (eight males and eight females) were used in this study. PROCEDURE: Ophthalmic examinations were performed without chemical restraint. PRTT values were evaluated in ...
Wang Yuanyuan - - 2013
Objectives. To examine the relationships between weight at early and middle adulthood and adult weight gain and the risk of total knee and hip replacement for OA.Methods. At baseline interview during 1990-94, 38 149 participants [mean age 54.9 (s.d. 8.6) years] of the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study were asked to ...
Pinto Luís Fernando Batista - - 2013
This study aimed to evaluate visual precocity, muscling, conformation, skeletal, and breed scores; live weights at birth, at 205, and at 550 days of age; and, besides, rib eye area and fat thickness between the 12th and 13th ribs obtained by ultrasound. Those traits were evaluated in 1,645 Angus cattle kept ...
van Rutte P W J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: With global aging, obesity will increasingly affect the older population with higher risks of morbidity and mortality, yet full consensus has been obtained for the role of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in the older obese. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to report the outcomes of SG in the ...
Wu X - - 2013
The tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinensis) is a squirrel-like lower primate or a close relative of primates, commonly used as an animal model in biomedical research. Despite more than three decades of usage in research, the clear relationships between body weight, fasting blood glucose concentration, sex and age among tree ...
Lehre Anne-Catherine - - 2013
Herein, we report results from a study of birth weight distribution among boys and girls born in Norway in 2008. As our primary interest was to detect differences in the variability between the two sexes, we used the quantile distance function to describe the difference between two distribution functions. We ...
Zhang Yongbin Y Nanotechnology Core Facility, National Center for Toxicological Research, Food and Drug Administration, Jefferson, AR 72079, USA. - - 2013
Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) are widely used in FDA regulated products. The physical-chemical properties of Ag-NPs are characterized using various instruments. The dose-dependent activity and body weight alterations are evaluated after rats were exposed to Ag nanoparticles, suggesting a major human health risk, given the wide application of silver nanomaterials.
Dani Sergio Ulhoa - - 2013
A 47-year-old woman consulted her dermatologist complaining whole body dermatitis, urticaria and irritating bullous eruptions on the plantar and side surfaces of her feet. She had had multiple hypopigmented spots on her skin since her early adulthood. The patient was treated with topical medication without significant improvement of symptoms. One ...
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