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Felix Holly C HC Department of Health Policy and Management, Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 West Markham Street, Slot 820, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA. - - 2013
The consequences of obesity among older adults are significant, yet few obesity interventions target this group. Unfamiliarity with weight loss intervention effectiveness and concerns that weight loss negatively affects older adults may be inhibiting targeting this group. This paper reviews the evidence on intentional weight loss and effective weight loss ...
Corno Antonio F AF Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Surgery, King Fahad Medical City Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2013
Introduction: Systemic venous anomalies are quite rare and can be associated with congenital heart disease requiring surgery. Materials and Methods: All consecutive patients (pts) undergoing surgery for congenital heart defects were retrospectively analyzed for presence of systemic venous anomalies: (a) Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC)(b) Inferior vena cava (IVC) ...
Lucas-Cuevas Angel G AG Department of Sport and Physical Education, University of Valencia, - - 2013
It is well established nowadays the benefits that physical activity can have on the health of individuals. Walking is considered a fundamental method of movement and using a backpack is a common and economical manner of carrying load weight. Nevertheless, the shock wave produced by the impact forces when carrying ...
Bank Sahar Saraf SS Food Security Research Center and Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2013
Nowadays, obesity is considered a worldwide problem. Although genetics is one of the factors associated with obesity, its predisposing factors include nutritional and environmental factors. Several studies have addressed the relationship between nutritional factors and general and central adiposity. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the relationship ...
Weitz Gunther G Medical Department I, University Clinic of Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538 Lübeck, - - 2013
Low birth weight (LBW) is associated with obesity and a higher cardiovascular risk in adult life. Since autonomic dysfunction could be a pathophysiological factor for this association, we assessed the impact of LBW on cardiac autonomic activity and metabolic rate in young adulthood. We hypothesized that the autonomic tone could ...
Wronka Iwona I Department of Anthropology, Institute of Zoology, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland. - - 2013
Several studies indicated that there is a significant relationship between BMI and body height, however, the nature of this relationship is not fully explained. The aim of the study is to evaluate cross relationships between height, BMI and the pace of biological development in girls. 1008 schoolgirls aged 16-18 years ...
van Bodegom David D Department of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Leiden University Medical Center, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden; Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing, Poortgebouw LUMC, Rijnsburgerweg 10, 2333 AA Leiden; Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Center, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden; Amphia Hospital, Postbus 90157, 4800 RL Breda; Department of Sociology, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1081, 1081HV Amsterdam; Laboratory of Genetics, Wageningen University, PO Box 309, 6700 AH Wageningen and Institute of Biology, Leiden University, PO Box 9505, 2300 RA Leiden, The - - 2013
In polygynous societies, rich men have many offspring through the marriage of multiple wives. Evolutionary, rich households would therefore benefit more from sons, and according to the Trivers-Willard hypothesis, parents invest more in offspring of the sex that has the best reproductive prospects. We determined the sex differences in number ...
Atalayer Deniz D Department of Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA ; Department of Medicine, New York Obesity Research and Nutrition Center, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY 10025, - - 2013
We are expected to live longer than if we had been born 100 years ago however, the additional years are not necessarily spent in good health or free from disability. Body composition changes dramatically over the course of life. There is a gradual increase in body weight throughout adult life ...
Murphy Andrea Lynn AL College of Pharmacy and Department of Psychiatry, Dalhousie University, 5968 College Street, P.O. Box 15000, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H - - 2013
Objectives. To explore the lived experience of youth, caregivers, and prescribers with antipsychotic medications. Design. We conducted a qualitative interpretive phenomenology study. Youth aged 11 to 25 with recent experience taking antipsychotics, the caregivers of youth taking antipsychotics, and the prescribers of antipsychotics were recruited. Subjects. Eighteen youth, 10 caregivers ...
Wallner-Liebmann Sandra J SJ Center of Molecular Medicine, Institute of Pathophysiology and Immunology, Medical University of Graz, Heinrichstraße 31a, 8010 Graz, - - 2013
Objective. Risk phenotypes for cardiovascular disease (CVD) differ markedly between countries, like the reported high difference in CVD mortality in Austria and Estonia. Hitherto, the goal of this study was to find out risk profiles in body fat distribution yet present in childhood, paving the way for later clinical end ...
Odegaard Andrew O AO Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. - - 2013
To systematically examine infant size and growth, according to the 2006 WHO infant growth standards, as risk factors for overweight status in young adulthood in a historical cohort. Specifically, to assess: Whether accounting for length (weight-for-length) provides a different picture of risk than weight-for-age, intervals of rapid growth in both ...
Musaiger Abdulrahman O - - 2013
The aim of this study was to find out the association of media and obesity status with body weight concern among female university students in Kuwait. 228 female students, aged 19-25years, were selected at convenience from the Women's College in Kuwait. A previously validated questionnaire was used to collect information ...
Němejc Karel - - 2012
From 2009 to 2011, the occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. was investigated on 22 farms in the Czech Republic. A total of 1,620 individual faecal samples of pigs of all age categories (pre-weaned, starters, pre-growers, growers, and sows) were evaluated for presence of Cryptosporidium spp. by standard microscopy and molecular tools. ...
Jitnarin N - - 2012
BackgroundOverweight, obesity and weight gain are significant problems in the US fire service. While classification of obesity using body mass index (BMI) has demonstrated accuracy and low rates of false positives when compared with body fat percentage (BF%)-based standards, no studies have examined the accuracy of BMI-based overweight and normal ...
Pérez-Salgado Diana - - 2012
Objectives: To quantify the access to diagnosis and treatment of obesity and intentional weight loss among obese adults in Mexico and to identify the sociodemographic factors related to these events. Methods: The 2006 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey - representative of the adults aged 20 to 64 years - ...
Fujita Yuki Y Department of Public Health, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka-Sayama, Osaka, Japan. - - 2013
Because of the lack of relevant data, we investigated the association between rapid weight gain (RWG) during early childhood and cardiovascular risk factors in Japanese adolescents. The source population comprised 2285 adolescents aged 13 to 14 years enrolled in any public school in Fukuroi City, Japan during 2008, 2009, or ...
Pineo G F - - 2012
SUMMARY: BACKGROUND: New oral anticoagulants for thromboprophylaxis after hip or knee arthroplasty have been given as fixed-dose regimens. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the consistency of the antithrombotic efficacy and bleeding risk of apixaban 2.5 mg twice daily compared to enoxaparin 40 mg once daily after knee or hip arthroplasty across the ...
Wijngaarden M A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects the balance of activities of sympathetic and parasympathetic components of the autonomic nervous system. We compared HRV parameters in response to a prolonged fast in obese versus normal weight humans. In addition, the effect of weight-loss was evaluated in obese individuals. DESIGN: Intervention study ...
Furukawa Tsutomu - - 2012
Golden hamsters were selected for large (high selection direction: H) and small (low selection direction: L) testis size, as measured in live males at age 13 weeks over six generations. The selection response and correlated responses in female reproductive traits were evaluated in terms of the divergence between H and ...
Ernst Manon Ab - - 2012
The concern about obesity in children has increased worldwide. The question arises, whether this trend to obesity already starts during the prenatal period and to what extent the increase of weight is related to a secular trend in height.For neonatal data, three studies, performed in The Netherlands, with neonatal data ...
Barad Justin H - - 2012
To evaluate normative data on elbow range of motion (ROM) in the pediatric population. The passive ROM of 1361 healthy pediatric elbows was measured using a small goniometer calibrated in 1° increments, and recorded. The mean amount of flexion, extension, and arc of motion was 142°, -11°, and 153°, respectively. ...
- - 2012
'...in the metabolically abnormal group, the decline on the global score (measuring cognition) was faster among obese... than among normal weight individuals.'
Ozkan Ali - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between body composition, anaerobic performance and sprint performance of amputee soccer players. Fifteen amputee soccer players participated in this study voluntarily. Subjects' height, body weight, body mass index, body fat percentage (Jackson and Pollock formula) and somatotype characteristics (Heath-Carter ...
Giuca Maria Rita - - 2012
The objective of this study was to compare skeletal maturation in obese patients and in subjects of normal weight to evaluate the best timing for orthopedic and orthodontic treatment. The null hypothesis was that obese and normal-weight patients show similar degrees of skeletal maturation. The sample for this retrospective study ...
Ei-Deeb Marwa T - - 2012
This study evaluated the various growth parameters among patients presenting with chronic diarrhea and highlight the most common causes of chronic diarrhea among a sample of Egyptian infants and children. This cross-sectional study included 146 patients with chronic diarrhea. They were 87 males and 59 females, with age ranging between ...
Bacardí-Gascón M - - 2012
Background: It has been reported that children nursed in orphanages loose one month of lineal growth for every three months they spend in the orphanage. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the daily variation of weight- for- length and length-for-age among infants under 24 months of age, ...
Dobly Alexandre - - 2012
The transmission of pathogens to susceptible hosts is dependent on the vector population dynamics. In Europe, bank voles (Myodes glareolus) carry Puumala hantavirus, which causes nephropathia epidemica (NE) in humans. Fluctuations in bank vole populations and epidemics in humans are correlated but the main factors influencing this relationship remain unclear. ...
Shamawarna K H - - 2012
To evaluate the feasibility, applicability and the value of customised symphysio fundal height (SFH) charts developed for women of Indian origin in the United Kingdom (UK: CSFH - In chart) and women of African origin in the UK (CSFH - Af chart) in detecting fetal growth restriction and predicting low ...
Calugi S - - 2012
To compare clinical characteristics, attrition, weight loss, and psychological changes of obese young adults and obese adults seeking treatment. 1530 individuals seeking treatment in 18 Italian medical centers were evaluated. 382 cases (25%) were classified as young adults (age≤35 years), 1148 (75%) as adults (>35 years). Psychological distress, binge eating, ...
Hernández-Orts Jesús Servando - - 2012
Breizacanthus aznari sp. n. is described from the banded cusk-eel Raneya brasiliensis (Kaup) (Ophidiiformes: Ophidiidae) from the Patagonian coast in Argentina. Breizacanthus Golvan, 1969 is currently composed of five species (including the new species) and is characterised by the absence of trunk spines; a short cylindrical proboscis with two types ...
Maruf Fa - - 2012
Body image (BI) is a multidimensional construct that includes perceptual, attitudinal, behavioural components, and feedback from other people's perception of oneself. The feedback from others and the degree to which one accepts or rejects it can determine self evaluation and perception. Body weight perception is a strong determinant of nutritional ...
Martínez-Vizcaíno Vicente - - 2012
To examine the trends in BMI and adiposity among schoolchildren from Cuenca, Spain, during 2004-2010. Two methodologically comparable surveys were carried out in 2004 and 2010. Primary schools in Cuenca, a province in the middle of Spain. All schoolchildren aged 8-11 years, belonging to 4th and 5th grades from twenty ...
Backholer Kathryn - - 2012
Objective: To project prevalence of normal weight, overweight and obesity by educational attainment, assuming a continuation of the observed individual weight change in the 5-year follow-up of the national population survey, the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study (AusDiab; 2000-2005). Methods: Age-specific transition probabilities between BMI categories, estimated using logistic ...
Ghafari Roshanak - - 2012
The styloid process and the attached ligaments have the potential for calcification and ossification in specific conditions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the elongated styloid process (ESP) frequency and some of the systemic health factors of patients over 40 years of age. In this ...
Silva Clovis A CA Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, - - 2012
To propose a common nomenclature to refer to individuals who fulfill the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) during childhood or adolescence. The medical literature was reviewed for studies conducted in the target population between 1960 and December 2011 to obtain information about the terms ...
Choi Minkyu - - 2012
The concentrations of butyltin compounds (BTs) were measured in the livers of finless porpoises (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis) caught off the Korean coast in 2003 and 2010, to assess the effectiveness of legislative action against BTs. The concentrations of BTs ranged from 65.1 to 1432 (average: 370) ng/g wet weight, within the ...
Ruotsalainen Marja - - 2012
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the association between weight status and asthma, allergy and respiratory symptoms in adolescents with bronchiolitis in infancy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: At age 15-18 years a questionnaire was sent to 96 study subjects hospitalized for wheezing at age <24 months and followed-up ...
Renehan Andrew G - - 2012
The authors investigated the relations of body mass index at different ages and adult weight change to incident colorectal cancer risk in the prospective National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study (1995-1996), using a subcohort with repeated recall weights (273,679 participants; mean baseline age = 62.8 years). During 2,509,662 ...
Aschettino-Manevitz Diana L - - 2012
Purpose: To examine the correlation between T3 and resting energy expenditure(REE) in adolescent patients with eating disorders (ED) to assess whether T3 can be used to predict metabolic rate suppression and recovery. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients with ED (Anorexia Nervosa [AN], Bulimia Nervosa [BN], and ...
Nardini Marko - - 2012
Adults can integrate multiple sensory estimates to reduce their uncertainty in perceptual and motor tasks. In recent studies, children did not show this ability until after 8 years. Here we investigated development of the ability to integrate vision with proprioception to localize the hand. We tested 109 4- to 12-year-olds ...
Huber Wolfgang - - 2013
With regard to large inter-individual variability of height, body weight (BW), and age, several hemodynamic parameters are adjusted for biometric data. This also applies to extravascular lung water (EVLW), which traditionally was indexed to actual BW (BW-act) resulting in EVLW-index (EVLWI; i.e., EVLWI-act). Since indexation to BW-act might inappropriately diminish ...
Lissner L - - 2012
AIM: This study aims to document secular differences in anthropometry (level and variability of weight, height, BMI) in two cohorts born around 1990 and 1974 and examined as young adults. METHODS: Descriptive results are presented for the complete cohorts. The final analysis age-matched the cohorts (mean 18.8y) and employed CDC ...
Murphy Rachel A - - 2012
Most genome-wide association studies are confined to middle-aged populations. It is unclear whether associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and obesity persist in old age. We aimed to relate 10 body mass index (BMI)-associated SNPs to weight, BMI, % fat, visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue in Health ABC and AGES-Reykjavik ...
Siwendu Njedbo A - - 2012
The aim of the study was to evaluate heterotic and combining ability effects for growth in nine chicken genotypes. A 3 × 3 complete diallel mating system involving two indigenous breeds named Venda (V) and Naked Neck (N) and one commercial broiler breed named Ross 308 (R) were used. The nine genetic ...
Assunção Maria Cecília F MC Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil. - - 2012
We explored predictors of nutritional status change from 11 to 15 years of age by analyzing prospective data. We collected data at 11 and 15 years of age from individuals born in 1993 in Pelotas, Brazil. We assessed nutritional status using body mass index (BMI) for age in z-score according ...
Bekkers Marga B M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) may be associated with lung function in children, as observed in adults. METHODS: Height, weight, waist circumference, and lung function (FVC and FEV(1) ) were measured during a medical examination in 1,058 eight-year-old children participating in the Prevention and Incidence of ...
Duran Marilyn - - 2013
Evidence indicates higher prevalence of obesity in rural American youth. The present study evaluates the growth status and estimates the prevalence of overweight and obesity among rural school children in Texas. Heights and weights were measured in a sample of 1,084 school youth (545 males, 539 females) 5-19 years of ...
Cazzato Salvatore - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess pulmonary function and its predictors in very low birth weight (birth weight ≤1,500 g) children (VLBWc) with or without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), born at gestational age ≤32 weeks at a single tertiary center during 1996-1999, after the introduction of surfactant therapy. METHODS: ...
Browne Gemma M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) using available estimating equations with the Republic of Ireland is unknown. METHODS: A randomly selected population based cross-sectional study of 1,098 adults aged 45 years and older was conducted using data from the 2007 Survey of Lifestyle, Attitudes and Nutrition (SLAN). ...
Reinikainen Marko - - 2012
The hatching of cladoceran ephippia from a 15-cm long sediment core was investigated, and Ceriodaphnia quadrangula clones were isolated from different sediment layers. Bosmina microfossil data were also analyzed, and compared with the corresponding data from a Pb210 dated core, which allowed us to infer the age of the sediment ...
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