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Bodalal Zuhir Z Zuhir Bodalal, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Libyan International Medical University, Benghazi, - - 2014
To study the salient features of colorectal cancer (CRC) in Libya. Patients records were gathered at the primary oncology clinic in eastern Libya for the period of one calendar year (2012). Using this data, various parameters were analyzed and age-standardized incidence rates were determined using the direct method and the ...
Bohannon Richard W RW Physical Therapy Program, Department of Kinesiology, Neag School of Education, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, - - 2014
Objective: To generate reference values and t-scores (1.0 to 2.5 standard deviations below average) for grip strength for healthy young adults and to examine the utility of t-scores from this group for the identification of dynapenia in older adults. Design: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional grip strength data from the NIH ...
Raizman Joshua E JE CALIPER Program, Department of Pediatric Laboratory Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children, Canada; Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Vitamin A (retinol) and vitamin E (α-tocopherol) are fat soluble micronutrients most commonly measured in the pediatric population to monitor deficiencies due to malabsorption secondary to gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. One of the major challenges of vitamin A and E testing is the lack of reliable pediatric reference intervals which limits ...
Steinitz Hadass H Department of Entomology, Volcani Center, - - 2014
Sterile insect technique (SIT) is an alternative, environmentally friendly method for controlling insect pests. In the Lepidoptera, a low dose of gamma irradiation causes inherited sterility (SIT-IS), leading to full sterility in females, but only partial sterility in males, which successfully compete with wild males for mates. This study examined ...
Teh C H CH Institute for Public Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Jalan Bangsar, 50590 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite the health-enhancing benefits of physical activity, a large segment of the Malaysian population does not engage in regular physical activity at the recommended level. This study aimed to determine physical activity patterns and the associated sociodemographic correlates of physical activity. Data on physical activity were obtained from the National ...
Gurtubay L L University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Alameda Urkijo s/n, 48013 Bilbao, - - 2014
The efficient reuse of industrial by-products, such as the electric arc furnace (EAF) black slag, is still hindered by concern over their long-term behaviour in outdoor environments. The aim of this study was to develop an accelerated ageing method to simulate the long-term natural carbonation of EAF slag exposed to ...
Finer Lawrence B LB Guttmacher Institute, New York, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Key sexual and reproductive health milestones typically mark changing life stages with different fertility intentions and family planning needs. Knowing the typical ages at such events contributes to our understanding of changes in family formation and transition to adulthood and helps inform needs for reproductive health services. We used data ...
Johnson Kelly E KE Department of Sport Science and Wellness Education, The University of Akron, Akron, OH, USA; Department of Health Exercise and Sports Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, - - 2014
The BodyMetrix(®) BX-2000 Ultrasound device (ULTRA) shows prowess in being an effective alternative to the expense and technicality of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). However, this technique has not been investigated using a seven-site methodology. To employ a cross-over design to investigate the agreement between ULTRA using a seven-site methodology and ...
Ilieş I I Laboratory of Neurobiology, Department of Biology, Northeastern University, 134 Mugar Life Sciences Building, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, - - 2014
This study describes a method for the determination of relative age in a tropical teleost, the brown ghost knifefish Apteronotus leptorhynchus. This method is based on identification of the maximum number of scale circuli, which is thought to be associated with the oldest scales, and thus to be the most ...
Park Sang-Sub SS Department of Emergency Medical Technology, ChungCheong University, Cheongju, Korea Graduate School of Pharmacy, Korea University, Jochiwon-eup, Sejong-si, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to examine relationship between the accident and injury occurrence and the absence appearance in adults. Materials of this study were based on the raw data of "Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011", which was conducted by the Ministry of Health and Welfare ...
Meroni Roberto - - 2014
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are among the most common pathologies in the general population. However, research into the prevalence of upper arm MSDs is hampered by a lack of uniformity in case definition, and by the absence of a gold standard for measurement. Furthermore, some sectors of the population have benefited ...
Nagata Keiji - - 2014
A narrow cervical spinal canal (CSC) is a well-known risk factor for cervical myelopathy (CM). However, no epidemiologic data of CSC based on a population-based cohort are available. 1) To investigate the age-related differences in CSC diameters on plain radiographs, 2) To examine the associated MRI abnormalities including cervical cord ...
Lee Sang Don SD Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of - - 2014
Background: There are just a few epidemiological studies on sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in the elderly, and the results are inconsistent. Study Objectives: We sought to investigate the prevalence of and risk factors for SDB in a representative elderly population with the use of attended nocturnal polysomnography (NPSG). Methods: Among 6,959 ...
Pareyn Aagje A Department of Pediatrics, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
Overweight and obesity in adolescents are associated with a subsequent increased mortality due to cardiovascular disease in adulthood. The reactive hyperemia-peripheral artery tonometry (RH-PAT) is a non-invasive method for endothelial function assessment. The goal of this study is to investigate endothelial function as assessed with the RH-PAT in adolescents with ...
Fourchet F F ASPIRE Health Centre, National Sports Medicine Programme, Doha, - - 2014
Standing pelvic posture remains a common assessment in sports therapy. The palpation technique assessing the relative position of the anterior and posterior superior iliac spines is widely used to quantify the asymmetry in pelvic position, but the reliability of this approach in adolescent athletes is not determined. The aim of ...
Osterthun R R Center of Excellence for Rehabilitation Medicine, University Medical Center Utrecht and De Hoogstraat Rehabilitation, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Study design:Prospective multicentre cohort study.Objectives:To determine mortality, causes and determinants of death of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) within five years after first inpatient rehabilitation.Setting:The Netherlands.Methods:Patients were included on admission to first clinical rehabilitation after traumatic or nontraumatic SCI. Inclusion criteria: age between 18 and 65, American Spinal Injury ...
Tyrakowski Marcin M Department of Orthopedics, Pediatric Orthopedics and Traumatology, The Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education in Warsaw, Konarskiego 13, 05-400, Otwock, Poland, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to analyze four radiographic methods of calculating the loss of body height associated with scoliosis. Thirty patients with right thoracic idiopathic scoliosis were examined with standing postero-anterior radiographs. Cobb angles of the upper thoracic, main thoracic and lumbar curves were measured. The loss of ...
Oguntona S A SA Department of Medicine, Rheumatology Unit, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Sagamu, Ogun State, - - 2014
Background: Neck pain is a common pain syndrome in the clinical practice. It may or may not be associated with the radiculopathy or myelopathy. Load carrying on the head is believed to be associated with an increased incidence of cervical spondylosis. Radiographic spondylosis is noticeable in 25-50% of people of ...
Soh Sarah S Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Target-controlled infusion (TCI) of remifentanil can suppress coughing during emergence from general anesthesia; nevertheless, previous studies under different clinical conditions recommend significantly different effective effect-site concentrations (effective Ce) of remifentanil for 50% of patients (EC₅₀). The differences among these studies include type of surgery and patient sex. In recent years, ...
Abbas Samer R SR 1Renal Research - - 2014
Background: This study explored divergence (error) between ultrafiltration volumes (UFV) and intradialytic changes in extracellular volume (ECV) in hemodialysis (HD) patients measured by whole body (wBIS) and sum of segmental bioimpedance spectroscopy (sBIS). The primary aim of study was to evaluate the effect of different ultrafiltration rates (UFR) on error ...
Pinheiro Marina B MB Physical Therapist, M.Sc., Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
To create a predictive nomogram for dominant and non-dominant limbs on the Lower Extremity Motor Coordination Test (LEMOCOT) using reference values. Also to determine inter- and intra-rater reliability for the LEMOCOT; the best scoring method (first vs mean of the first two vs mean of the last two vs mean ...
Benito María M School of Legal Medicine of Madrid, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain, - - 2014
Age-at-death estimation in adult individuals is one of the most challenging issues in forensic anthropology, namely, due to the large age intervals provided by the current methods, which demand the development of more reliable investigations. The clavicle has been studied as an age-at-death indicator in many researches for its accessibility, ...
Qu Jin J From the *Biomechanics and Tendon and Soft Tissue Biology Laboratories, Division of Orthopedic Research, and †Division of Plastic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
The aim of the current study was to determine whether a rat fasciocutaneous flap could be decellularized using detergent perfusion and/or agitation methods while preserving the integrity of the extracellular matrix and circulatory networks. Superficial inferior epigastric arterial flaps of 50 rats were randomly divided into the following 5 groups: ...
Rodriguez-Escudero Juan P JP Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota (Drs Rodriguez-Escudero, Pack, Somers, Thomas, Squires, Sochor, Allison, and Lopez-Jimenez); and Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, International Clinic Research Center, St. Anne's University Hospital Brno, Brno, Czech Republic (Dr - - 2014
To assess the diagnostic performance of the skinfold (SKF) method to detect obesity in patients enrolled in an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program. This study involves outpatients attending a phase II CR program who underwent air displacement plethysmography (ADP) to assess body composition. We measured body fat percentage (BF%), using ...
Wittschieber Daniel D Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Münster, Röntgenstraße 23, 48149, Münster, Germany, - - 2014
Age assessment of living individuals represents a valuable tool in both forensic medicine and sports medicine. In soccer, age-related tournaments play an important role in guaranteeing equal chances to the competitors. However, age estimations in this field should not rely on imaging methods that include exposure to radiation. Therefore, the ...
Gupta Milli M Division of Gastroenterology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, - - 2014
Screening for Barrett's esophagus (BE) and adenocarcinoma (EAC) is controversial, but interest remains in finding the optimal method. Attitudes on screening within the community are unknown. We aimed to assess these attitudes via a survey. A mixed-mode survey was conducted in adults >50 years to assess awareness regarding BE, willingness to ...
Delgado-Abellán Laura L a Grupo de Biomecánica Humana y Deportiva , Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha , Toledo , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyse the differences in foot dimensions in a sample of Spanish school-aged children. A total of 497 boys and 534 girls from Spain participated in the study. Measurements of both feet were obtained using a 3D foot digitiser, and shoe sizes were recorded ...
Evans Jessica J formerly with the Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, - - 2014
Estimates of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) prevalence based on self-reports of a diagnosis are thought to underestimate the prevalence of COPD in Canada. Pre-bronchodilator spirometry measures were obtained from the 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey for 2,487 individuals aged 35 to 79. The prevalence of self-reported chronic ...
Rodriguez-Roca Gustavo C GC Primary Care Center La Puebla de Montalbán , Toledo , - - 2014
Aim. To evaluate the concordance between automated oscillometric measurement (WatchBP(®) Office ABI) of the ankle- brachial index (ABI) and the traditional measurement by eco-Doppler in a Spanish population without peripheral artery disease attended in primary care. Methods. The ABI was determined by both methods in a general population aged ≥ ...
Li Biao B Department of Document Examination, China Criminal Police University, No. 83 Tawan Street, Shenyang City, 110854, - - 2014
Seals are often placed on important documents, and determining the date when a seal was affixed can be important to assess the authenticity of a document. In this study, thirty-seven different brands of stamp-pad inks and three different types of paper were used to make diachronic samples of the seals. ...
Focardi Martina M Section of Forensic Medical Sciences, Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy, - - 2014
Age assessment in children and young adults is a relevant medicolegal issue due to the gradual increase of persons devoid of proper identification documents in European countries. Because of the illegal immigration and growing crime rates among children and adolescents, age estimation for forensic purposes is often required. The scientific ...
Gustafsson Per E PE Per E. Gustafsson and Anne Hammarström are with the Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Family Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Miguel San Sebastian and Urban Janlert are with the Departments of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University. Töres Theorell and Hugo Westerlund are with the Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, - - 2014
Objectives. We examined if the accumulation of neighborhood disadvantages from adolescence to mid-adulthood were related to allostatic load, a measure of cumulative biological risk, in mid-adulthood, and explored whether this association was similar in women and men. Methods. Data were from the participants in the Northern Swedish Cohort (analytical n = 818) ...
Lee Hedwig H Hedwig Lee is with the Department of Sociology, University of Washington, Seattle. Megan Andrew is with the Department of Sociology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN. Achamyeleh Gebremariam is with the Child Health Evaluation and Research Unit, Julie C. Lumeng is with the Center for Human Growth and Development, and Joyce M. Lee is with the Child Health Evaluation and Research Unit, Pediatric Endocrinology, University of Michigan, Ann - - 2014
Objectives. We examined the relationship between timing of poverty and risk of first-incidence obesity from ages 3 to 15.5 years. Methods. We used the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (1991-2007) to study 1150 children with repeated measures of income, ...
Pinchi Vilma V Department of Health Sciences, Forensic Sciences Section, University of Florence, Largo Brambilla 3, 50134 Florence, - - 2014
Paediatricians, radiologists, anthropologists and medico-legal specialists are often called as experts in order to provide age estimation (AE) for forensic purposes. The literature recommends performing the X-rays of the left hand and wrist (HW-XR) for skeletal age estimation. The method most frequently employed is the Greulich and Pyle (GP) method. ...
Bryan Craig C National Center for Veterans Studies-The University of - - 2014
To investigate the rate of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), to describe sociodemographic and clinical correlates of NSSI, and to examine the association of NSSI with suicidal thoughts and behaviors in a sample of U.S. military personnel and veterans. An anonymous online survey was completed by 335 U.S. military personnel and veterans ...
Perlaza Néstor A NA Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Health, Universidad Libre, Cali, 760043, - - 2014
Sex estimation in human skeletal remains when using the cranium through traditional methods is a fundamental pillar in human identification; however, it may be possible to incur in a margin of error due because of the state of preservation in incomplete or fragmented remains. The aim of this investigation was ...
Acharya Ashith B AB Department of Forensic Odontology, S.D.M. College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Sattur, Dharwad, 580009, Karnataka, - - 2014
Dentin translucency measurement is an easy yet relatively accurate approach to postmortem age estimation. Translucency area represents a two-dimensional change and may reflect age variations better than length. Manually measuring area is challenging and this paper proposes a new digital method using commercially available computer hardware and software. Area and ...
Poppe Katrina K KK Department of Medicine and National Institute for Health Innovation, University of Auckland, Park Road, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, 1142, New Zealand, - - 2014
Accurate reference ranges for measurements from echocardiography rely on an understanding of the distribution of each measurement in the diverse, multi-racial world population. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of gender, age and ethnicity on common echocardiographic measures of the left heart, and to evaluate the ...
Merritt Catherine E CE Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto, 19 Russell Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 2S2, - - 2014
Estimating age at death is one of the most important aspects of creating a biological profile. Most adult age estimation methods were developed on North American skeletal collections from the early to mid-20th century, and their applicability to modern populations has been questioned. In 2010, Hartnett used a modern skeletal ...
Ajitha B B Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502, - - 2014
This study reports the simple green synthesis method for the preparation of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) using Plectranthus amboinicus leaf extract. The pathway of nanoparticles formation is by means of reduction of AgNO3 by leaf extract, which acts as both reducing and capping agents. Synthesized Ag NPs were subjected to ...
Kelly Andrea A Department of Pediatrics (A.K., B.S.Z.), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (K.K.W.), Bethesda, Maryland 20892; Department of Pediatrics (H.K.), Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229; Department of Pediatrics (S.E.O.), Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032; Department of Medicine (J.L.), Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska 68102; and Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery and Radiology (V.G.), Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California - - 2014
Objective: Clinicians caring for children rely on measures of linear growth as a biomarker of development and overall health. Current reference ranges for height velocity (HV) for US children are unable to provide HV percentiles or Z-scores for early maturing and late maturing children at ages other than age at ...
Jwa Seung Chik SC Department of Social Medicine, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the latent effect of breastfeeding on overweight and obesity in late childhood. Design and Methods: Data on breastfeeding and child anthropometric measurements were collected annually from a nation-wide population-based prospective cohort study in Japan (21 425 boys and 20 147 girls). Breastfeeding status (exclusiveness and duration) was ...
Libby Edward - - 2014
ABSTRACT This study analyzed survival of patients with multiple myeloma. SEER and CDC databases were queried to calculate myeloma cause-specific survival curves by the Kaplan and Meier product-limit method. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess univariate and multivariate predictors of myeloma cause-specific survival. Outcome of interest was ...
Garvin Heather M HM Department of Anthropology/Archaeology, Mercyhurst University, Erie, PA, 16546; Department of Applied Forensic Sciences, Mercyhurst University, Erie, PA, - - 2014
Sex estimation from the skull is commonly performed by physical and forensic anthropologists using a five-trait scoring system developed by Walker. Despite the popularity of this method, validation studies evaluating its accuracy across a variety of samples are lacking. Furthermore, it remains unclear what other intrinsic or extrinsic variables are ...
Elfawal Mohamed Amin MA Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Saffat, - - 2014
Estimation of age is one of the most significant tasks in forensic practice. Amino acid racemization is considered one of the most reliable and accurate methods of age estimation and aspartic acid shows a high racemization reaction rate. The present study has investigated the application of aspartic acid racemization in ...
Zhu Yi - - 2014
The imbalance of autonomic nervous system (ANS) has a close relationship to cardiac mortality. The noninvasive assessment of ANS is of great importance and remains challenging. A new method, characterizing the consistency of short-term nonlinear indexes of heart rate variability (HRV) and QT variability (QTV), is proposed and validated. Holter ...
Cantrell Lee L California Poison Control System-San Diego , San Diego, CA , - - 2014
Abstract Background. In 2010, 6,599 poisoning suicides were reported in the United States (US). While medications remain the primary substances involved in completed poisoning suicides, successful fatal poisonings with non-pharmaceutical substances occur with some regularity. The goal of this study was to identify successful suicides caused by non-pharmaceutical self-poisoning in ...
Talbert Leslie L Professor C. H. Kau, School of Dentistry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Room 305, 1919 7th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA - - 2014
Introduction: This study aimed to compare facial morphologies of an adult African-American population to an adult Caucasian-American population using three-dimensional (3D) surface imaging. Materials and methods: The images were captured using a stereophotogrammetric system (3dMDface(TM) system). Subjects were aged 19-30 years, with normal body mass index and no gross craniofacial ...
Cavazzotto Timothy Gustavo TG UEL, Londrina, PR, - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the agreement between two international criteria for classification of children and adolescents nutritional status. Methods: The study included 778 girls and 863 boys aged from six to 13 years old. Body mass and height were measured and used to calculate the body mass index. Nutritional status was ...
Miranda Valter Paulo N VP Universidade Federal de Vicosa, Vicosa, MG, - - 2014
Objective: To analyze body image in different periods of adolescence. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled students aged ten to 19 years old of public schools in small districts of Minas Gerais, Southeast Brazil. The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), the Body Dissatisfaction Assessment Scale for Teenagers and the Silhouette Scale for ...
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