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Silveira Thalita Morgana Guimarães TM Clinics Hospital, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, GO, - - 2014
The assessment of nutritional status in clinical practice must be done with simple, reliable, low cost and easy performance methods. The power of handshake is recognized as a useful tool to evaluate muscle strength, and therefore, it is suggested that can detect malnutrition. To evaluate the nutritional status by subjective ...
Liu Zhiguo Z Key Laboratory of Forest Plant Ecology, Ministry of Education, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, People's Republic of China; Engineering Research Center of Forest Bio-preparation, Ministry of Education, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, People's Republic of China; State Engineering Laboratory of Bio-Resource Eco-Utilization, Harbin 150040, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, we report a facile, one-step hydrothermal method to synthesize PEI-functionalized Ag nanoparticles in which no extra reducing agent is needed and PEI serves as a reducing agent and a stabilizing agent. The obtained Ag colloids have been characterized by TEM, UV absorption spectra and laser particle size ...
Hongwei Si S From the *Department of Nuclear Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui Province, People's Republic of China; †Department of Nuclear Medicine, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China; and ‡Department of Nephrology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
To compare glomerular filtration rate (GFR) among individuals, GFR is usually scaled to body surface area (BSA) based on the ratio method, which has been debated for its accuracy in recent years. Reference to the BSA as a normalization standard is the most common method currently in use but has ...
Igarashi Miho M 1 Center for Environment, Health, and Field Sciences, Chiba University , Chiba, Japan - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To clarify the effect of olfactory stimulation by fresh rose flowers, which exude a strong fragrance, on heart rate variability. Settings: A chamber with an artificial climate maintained at 25°C with 50% relative humidity and 230 lux illumination at the Center for Environment, Health, and Field Sciences, Chiba ...
Zhao Dapeng D Tianjin Key Laboratory of Animal and Plant Resistance, College of Life Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, 300387, - - 2014
Objectives: In the present study, we for the first time investigated overweight and obesity level among Tibet minorities (Deng, Lhoba, Monba) living in remote villages at the south slope of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. For each ethnicity, the total number of population is less than 10 thousands in China. Methods: Anthropometric ...
Song Juyoung J Korean Institute of Criminology, Seoul, South - - 2014
This study investigates whether high school and younger South Korean girls trade sex with middle-aged men for benefits due to cultural emphasis on materialism/consumerism, childhood adversities, or both. This form of prostitution, referred to as "compensated dating," is common in economically developed East Asian Countries, where there is debate about ...
Patel Nimesh N College of Optometry, University of Houston, Department of Vision Sciences, 505 J Davis Armistead Bldg, Houston, TX, 77204-2020, United States - - 2014
Purpose: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) measures of the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFL) and neuroretinal rim (NRR) parameters are often used as a surrogate for retinal ganglion cell content. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between these morphological measures and the aging effects on these ...
Guo Yu-Cheng YC College of Medicine and Forensics, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, 76 West Yanta Road, Xi'an, 710061, Shaanxi, People's Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of Cameriere's methods on dental age estimation in the northern Chinese population. A sample of orthopantomographs of 785 healthy children (397 girls and 388 boys) aged between 5 and 15 years was collected. The seven left permanent mandibular teeth were evaluated ...
Tang Nancy N Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA - - 2014
The Bang and Ramm method uses root dentine translucency (RDT) length in sectioned or unsectioned teeth as a sole indicator of chronological age at death in adult human remains. The formulae have been tested on modern remains of known age and on modern and archaeological remains of unknown age. This ...
Garriguet Didier D Health Analysis Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario - - 2014
Systematic reviews and results of Statistics Canada surveys have shown a discrepancy between self-reported and measured physical activity. This study compares these two methods and examines specific activities to explain the limitations of each method. Data are from cycle 1 (2007 to 2009) and cycle 2 (2009 to 2011) of ...
Liu Minyan M Department of Geriatric Endocrinology - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To examine the relationship between age and BMD at different skeletal sites and osteoporosis (OP) detection rates in Han Chinese men over 50 years and to assess the diagnostic value of the OSTA. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 1488 men over 50 was carried out and group comparisons ...
Luallen Jeremy J Abt Associates, Cambridge, MA, USA - - 2014
For the past several decades, the U.S. prison system has witnessed a steady and persistent increase in the ages of prison populations. Given the additional costs and burdens placed on prisons as they house older inmates, this aging trend has generated intense interest among policy makers and academics who seek ...
Senol Vesile - - 2014
Abstract Background: This aim of this study was to update information on body mass index (BMI) references and prevalence of overweight and obesity in Turkey, and to compare our data with previous local and international data. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Turkish school-age children living in Kayseri, ...
Oeffinger Donna D Shriners Hospital for Children, Lexington, KY, USA - - 2014
To determine the amount of variability in scores on activity and participation measures used to assess ambulatory individuals with cerebral palsy explained by strength, body composition, gait impairment and participant characteristics. Multicentre prospective cross-sectional study. Seven paediatric-orthopaedic specialty hospitals. Three hundred and seventy-seven ambulatory individuals (241 males, 136 females) with ...
Edlund Maria M Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible increase in hand tremor in relation to hand-arm vibration (HAV) exposure in a cohort of exposed and unexposed workers. Participants were 178 male workers with or without exposure to HAV. The study is cross-sectional regarding the outcome of tremor ...
Nunan David D aDepartment of Primary Health Care, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK bAIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Vienna, - - 2014
We have previously reported that estimation of central blood pressure (BP) and augmentation using an automated oscillometric device are robust and feasible in a community setting. The same method has recently been validated for estimating aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) in laboratory settings, and its prognostic value has been confirmed ...
Burmester Bridget B School of Psychology,Massey University,PO Box 756,Wellington 6140,New - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Subjective memory complaints (SMCs) are a common occurrence for adults, which increase with age, and cause considerable distress. Traditionally SMCs have been assessed by either questionnaires, which ask whether a person has experienced given examples of SMCs, or open-ended questions which elicit spontaneous reports of SMCs. However, little ...
Amadasi Alberto A Laboratorio di Antropologia ed Odontologia Forense (LABANOF), Istituto di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni, Università degli Studi di Milano, V. Mangiagalli 37, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
The assessment of age at death for identification purposes is a frequent and tough challenge for forensic pathologists and anthropologists. Too frequently, visual assessment of age is performed on well-preserved corpses, a method considered subjective and full of pitfalls, but whose level of inadequacy no one has yet tested or ...
Laszlo Anna M AM Department of Medical Physics and Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Korányi fasor 9, 6720, Szeged, Hungary, - - 2014
Suicide rates in Hungary have been analyzed from different aspects in recent decades. However, only descriptive rates have been reported. The aim of our epidemiological study was to characterize the pattern of annual rates of suicide in Hungary during the period 1963-2011 by applying advanced statistical methods. Annual suicide rates ...
Koh Victor V Singapore Armed Forces Vision Performance Centre, Military Medicine Institute , Singapore - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To determine the differences in prevalence rates of refractive errors in young Singaporean males over a 13-year period between 1996-1997 and 2009-2010 Methods: Non-cycloplegic autorefraction data were obtained in a survey of 15,085 young male subjects (mean age 19.5 ± 1.4 years, range 16-25 years) in 1996-1997 using a Nikon ...
Chang Cheng-Wei - - 2014
We developed a HNO3-assisted polyol reduction method to synthesize ultra-large single-crystalline Ag microplates routinely. The edge length of the synthesized Ag microplates reaches 50 μm and their top facets are (111). The mechanism for dramatically enlarging single-crystalline Ag structure stems from a series of competitive anisotropic growths, primarily governed by ...
Kaya Tezcan T Department of Internal Medicine, Sakarya University Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya, Turkey, - - 2014
This study investigated the frequency of malnutrition in geriatric hemodialysis patients according to biochemical, anthropometric, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), modified quantitative subjective global assessment (MQSGA), and geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) methods, and the effect of gender on these different parameters. A total of 160 chronic hemodialysis patients (older than ...
Ezeofor S N SN Department of Radiation Medicine, College of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus, Enugu State, - - 2014
Background/Objective: Ultrasonogrphy is a good modality for the detection of splenomegaly even when it is not clinically palpable. The objective of this study was to establish the normal values of splenic length in healthy school children in South-East, Nigeria and to correlate them with body indices. Materials and Methods: This ...
Lavado-Garcia Jesus M JM Metabolic Bone Diseases Research Group, University of Extremadura, Cáceres, - - 2014
The aims of this pilot study were to describe quantitative ultrasound (US) measurements and peripheral bone mineral density (BMD) of the hand phalanges on dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and to examine the correlations between them in elderly Spanish men. We studied 199 healthy men (mean age ± SD, 73.31 ± 5.10 ...
Anzo Makoto M Department of Pediatrics, Keio University School of Medicine , Tokyo , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to establish reference values for waist circumference among Japanese youths using the 1978-1981 nationally representative data. Subject and methods: Growth charts were derived using Cole's LMS method, which adjusts the waist circumference distribution for skewness and allows waist circumference to be expressed ...
Campos Rossana Gómez RG Department of Physical Education, Universidad Autonoma de Chile, Talca, Chile - - 2014
Abstract Aims: To compare the values of weight, height and IMC with the regional curve (Cariri); to compare with the international references of the CDC-2000; and to construct references that will measure physical growth from childhood to adolescence. Subjects and methods: The sample consists of 6531 individuals with an age ...
Fixler David E DE Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas; - - 2014
Newborn pulse oximetry screening is recommended to promote early referral of neonates with critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) and reduce mortality; however, the impact of late referral on mortality is not well defined. The purpose of this population-based study was to describe the association between timing of referral to a ...
Boeckxstaens Pauline P Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Ghent University (UG) , - - 2014
Background: Ageing people show increasing morbidity, dependence and vulnerability. Objectives: To compare the relationships of different measures of multimorbidity with dependence (operationalized as disability) and vulnerability (operationalized as frailty). Method: A cross-sectional analysis within the BELFRAIL cohort (567 subjects aged ≥ 80). Multimorbidity was measured using a disease count (DC), ...
Astle Andrew T AT School of Psychology, The University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham, NG7 2RD, United Kingdom - - 2014
Purpose Crowding describes the increased difficulty in identifying a target object when it is surrounded by nearby objects (flankers). A recent study (Scialfa et al., 2013) investigated the effect of age on visual crowding and found that, although crowded visual acuity was worse in older participants, crowding expressed as a ...
Lin Shih-Fan SF Institute for Behavioral and Community Health (IBACH) and Center for Health Equity Research and Policy, San Diego State University, California. - - 2014
This study delineates activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) black-white disparity trends by age, period, and cohort (APC) and explores sociodemographic contributors of cohort-based disparity trends. We utilized multiple cross-sectional waves of National Health Interview Survey data (1982-2009) to describe APC trends of ADL ...
Almadi Majid A MA Division of Gastroenterology, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Division of Gastroenterology, The McGill University Health Center, Montreal General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Canada, - - 2014
Background/Aims: In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in the general population of the capital city of Riyadh and to assess its association with other factors including age, smoking, body mass index (BMI), asthma, as well as the presence of other co-morbid diseases. ...
Haj Salem Nidhal N Department of Forensic Medicine, Unity of Research Forensic Anthropology 04/UR/08-06, Faculty of Medicine, University of Monastir, 5000, Tunisia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the fourth rib phase İşcan method on a Tunisian sample. One hundred and eight (108) specimens of sternal ends of fourth ribs of Tunisian male population were collected during forensic autopsies performed in the Department of Forensic Medicine and Pathology of the ...
McKeague Claire C *BSc(Hons) †PhD, BSc(Hons) School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales (CMc, THM), and School of Health Sciences, City University London, London, England (AMB), United - - 2014
To evaluate the intersession repeatability of the Colour Assessment and Diagnosis (CAD) test and a novel 14-Hz flicker test in a population of healthy participants to provide benchmark data for their use as functional biomarkers for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Visual function was assessed using both techniques in 30 healthy ...
Obert Martin M Department of Neuroradiology, University Hospital Gießen, Justus-Liebig University Gießen, Klinikstraße 33, D-35392 Gießen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aging human remains is a critical issue in anthropology and forensic medicine, and the search for accurate, new age-estimation methods is ongoing. In our study, we, therefore, explored a new approach to investigate a possible correlation between age-at-death (aad) and geometric irregularities in the bone structure of human skull caps. ...
Taylor Stephen J SJ Research - - 2014
Misplacing 17-23% of nasogastric (NG) tubes above the stomach ( Rollins et al, 2012 ; Rayner, 2013 ) represents a serious risk in terms of aspiration, further invasive (tube) procedures, irradiation from failed X-ray confirmation, delay to feed and medication. One causal factor is that in the National Patient Safety ...
Zelazo Philip David PD 1University of - - 2014
This study describes psychometric properties of the NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery (NIHTB-CB) executive function measures in an adult sample. The NIHTB-CB was designed for use in epidemiologic studies and clinical trials for ages 3 to 85. A total of 268 self-described healthy adults were recruited at four university-based sites, using ...
He Jian-Rong JR Division of Birth Cohort Study, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou, China Department of Health Care, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou, - - 2014
To formulate a new birthweight reference for different gestational ages in Guangzhou, southern China, and compare it with the currently used reference in China and the global reference. All singleton live births of more than 26 weeks' gestational age recorded in the Guangzhou Perinatal Health Care and Delivery Surveillance System for ...
Leclerc Pascale P Direction de santé publique de l'Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal, 1301 rue Sherbrooke est, Montréal, Québec, Canada H2L 1M3. Electronic address: - - 2014
To plan and implement services to persons who inject drugs (PWID), knowing their number is essential. For the island of Montréal, Canada, the only estimate, of 11,700 PWID, was obtained in 1996 through a capture-recapture method. Thirteen years later, this study was undertaken to produce a new estimate. PWID were ...
Choi Young-Rim YR Department of Preventive Medicine, Korea University College of Medicine, 73, Inchon-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-705, South - - 2014
Suicide from carbon monoxide poisoning by burning coal briquette or barbecue charcoal increased rapidly in some East Asian countries in the recent decade. The purpose of this study was to examine trends in suicides from carbon monoxide poisoning in South Korea and their epidemiologic characteristics. We presented age-standardized mortality rates ...
Mounier Morgane M Registre des Hémopathies Malignes de Côte d'Or, EA 4184, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, - - 2014
Since the 1990s and since the development of humanized monoclonal antibodies in 1998, the treatment of Non Hodgkin Lymphoma has undergone profound changes. Follicular lymphoma (FL) was the first to benefit from this treatment and several clinical trials have shown a significant improvement in overall survival, but little information is ...
Reed Jennifer L JL Division of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
To improve adolescent notification of positive sexually transmitted infection (STI) tests using mobile phone technology and STI information cards. A randomized intervention among 14- to 21-year olds in a pediatric emergency department (PED). A 2 × 3 factorial design with replication was used to evaluate the effectiveness of six combinations of ...
Langén Ville L - - 2014
Abstract Background: Previous studies with mainly selected populations have proposed contradicting reference ranges for thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and have disagreed on how screening, age and gender affect them. This study aimed to determine a TSH reference range on the Abbott Architect ci8200 integrated system in a large, nationwide, stratified random ...
Chin You Chuen YC Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre , Singapore - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To examine the association between retinal vascular caliber and early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in an Indian population. Methods: A total of 3112 Indian participants aged ≥40 years from the population-based Singapore Indian Eye Study who had data available on retinal vascular caliber measurements and AMD status were ...
Huang Ligang L Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, - - 2014
Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) assessment of bone health status, as a reliable method, is rapidly gaining popularity. Speed of sound (SOS) is one parameter of skeletal status provided by QUS assessment. The objective of the present study was first to determine the normative distal radius SOS data on healthy Chinese mainland ...
Hopman Wilma M WM Clinical Research Centre, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, ON, Canada, - - 2014
To prospectively assess changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) over 10 years, by age and sex, and to compare measured within-person change to estimates of change based on cross-sectional data. Participants in the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study completed the 36-item short form (SF-36) in 1995/1997 and 2005/2007. Mean within-person changes ...
Raux S S Laboratoire UMR 7268, ADéS, Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit Ethique et Santé, Aix-Marseille Université, 13344, Marseille cedex 15, France, - - 2014
Pelvic tilt is usually measured on a full spine sagittal view. The sacral-femoral-pubic angle (SFP) has been previously described as a reproducible method to estimate pelvic tilt on a pelvis AP view. The aim of our study is to determine the reliability of the extrapolated pelvic tilt (ePT) using the ...
Mato Abad Virginia V Universidad Rey Juan Carlos. Móstoles, Madrid, Spain Neuroimaging Laboratory, Fundación CIEN-Fundación Reina Sofía, Madrid, - - 2014
1H-MRS variability increases due to normal aging and also as a result of atrophy in grey and white matter caused by neurodegeneration. In this work, an automatic process was developed to integrate data from spectra and high-resolution anatomical images to quantify metabolites, taking into account tissue partial volumes within the ...
Bhatta Dharma Nand - - 2014
Public health and human right issues are challenging in low and middle income countries. The main objectives of this paper were to determine the prevalence and factors associated with domestic violence, extramarital sex, and spousal communication among male. A cross-sectional study among 2466 married males in Kathmandu, Nepal was conducted ...
Chen Ying-Yeh YY Taipei City Psychiatric Center, Taipei City Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
In the late 1990s, an epidemic rise in suicides by carbon monoxide poisoning from burning barbecue charcoal began in Hong Kong and Taiwan. This study investigates the diffusion of this new method of suicide. Official mortality data for 1998-2010 in Taiwan and 1998-2009 in Hong Kong were collected; overall and ...
Cecchi Matteo M Laboratory of Molecular - - 2014
The aim of this study was to verify whether abnormalities in plasma amino acid (AA) levels could be biological correlates of the age of onset in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We undertook plasma AA profiling in a large population comprising 117 newly diagnosed ALS patients and 117 matched controls. ALS ...
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