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Christen William G WG Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Observational studies suggest a role for dietary nutrients such as vitamin E and selenium in cataract prevention. However, the results of randomized clinical trials of vitamin E supplements and cataract have been disappointing and are not yet available for selenium. To test whether long-term supplementation with selenium and vitamin E ...
Hiraoka Takahiro T Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine ocular optical parameters that affect axial length elongation in myopic children undergoing overnight orthokeratology. Prospective, noncomparative study. Fifty-nine subjects who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in this study. Axial length and ocular wavefront aberration were assessed before and 1 year after the start of orthokeratology. Corneal topography ...
Shin Jae-Ho JH Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, 130-701, - - 2014
This study used five clinical assessments and Raman spectroscopy to investigate the age- and hyperglycemia-related properties of the murine retina over an eight-week experimental period. Acute hyperglycemia and chronic hyperglycemia were assessed with blood glucose (BG) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, respectively. Changes in the retinal thickness and neovascularization were ...
Dervişoğulları Mehmet Serdar MS Department of Ophthalmology, Medical School, Turgut Özal University , Ankara , - - 2014
Abstract Background: In our study, we aimed to show the effects of smoking on choroidal thickness and ocular pulse amplitude. It is known that the anatomy and physiologic functions of the choroid is important in ocular diseases like glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration. Choroidal thickness is measured by the spectral ...
Mullins Robert F RF Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa; Stephen A. Wynn Institute for Vision Research, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa. Electronic address: - - 2014
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common disease that can result in severe visual impairment. Abnormal regulation of the complement system has been implicated in its pathogenesis, and CFH polymorphisms contribute substantially to risk. How these polymorphisms exert their effects is poorly understood. We performed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analysis ...
Silveira Thalita Morgana Guimarães TM Clinics Hospital, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, GO, - - 2014
The assessment of nutritional status in clinical practice must be done with simple, reliable, low cost and easy performance methods. The power of handshake is recognized as a useful tool to evaluate muscle strength, and therefore, it is suggested that can detect malnutrition. To evaluate the nutritional status by subjective ...
Liu Zhiguo Z Key Laboratory of Forest Plant Ecology, Ministry of Education, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, People's Republic of China; Engineering Research Center of Forest Bio-preparation, Ministry of Education, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, People's Republic of China; State Engineering Laboratory of Bio-Resource Eco-Utilization, Harbin 150040, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, we report a facile, one-step hydrothermal method to synthesize PEI-functionalized Ag nanoparticles in which no extra reducing agent is needed and PEI serves as a reducing agent and a stabilizing agent. The obtained Ag colloids have been characterized by TEM, UV absorption spectra and laser particle size ...
Nesmith Brooke Lw BL Ophthalmology and visual sciences, University of Louisville, 301 E Muhammad Ali blvd, Louisville, KY, 40202, United - - 2014
Purpose:To mathematically analyze anatomical changes that occur in the normal fovea during aging. Methods:Two thousand nine hundred twelve (2,912) spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT, Spectralis®, Heidelberg Engineering, Germany) normal foveal scans were analyzed. Subjects were healthy individuals, ages 13 to 97 years, with visual acuity ≥ 20/40 and without ...
Nemeth Gabor G *Department of Ophthalmology, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary; and †Orbi-Dent Refractive Surgery and Medical Center, Debrecen, - - 2014
Our aim was to assess the corneal power, axis, and age dependence of the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces with Scheimpflug imaging. Patients older than 10 years without a history of ocular surgery, corneal diseases, contact lens wearing, or severe dry eye were enrolled. Data regarding the anterior and posterior ...
Ooto Sotaro S Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine , Kyoto , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become an essential tool in ophthalmology. Advances in OCT technology have made it possible to measure the thickness of the retina, specific retinal layers, and the choroid. In the present study, the body of the literature documenting the normal retinal and choroidal thickness are ...
Tan Chang C Department of Anesthesiology, The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University , Changsha , P.R. China - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To investigate whether retinal impairment was affected by age of rats in acute glaucoma model. Methods: Young adult and aged rats were randomly divided into normal control, 45 mmHg, 60 mmHg and 90 mmHg groups. Intraocular pressures (IOP) of rats were acutely elevated to 45 mmHg, 60 mmHg and 90 mmHg, respectively. Neuron loss ...
Huang Gang G school of optometry, Indiana University, 712 ridge crest ct, bloomington, 47401, United - - 2014
Purpose:To investigate the anatomy of the temporal raphe and its angular relation to the optic disc in the human retina in-vivo. Methods:Adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscope (AOSLO) was used to image the temporal raphe in 11 young subjects. The raphe's angle relative to a horizontal line and the raphe-fovea-disc angle ...
Kora Aruna Jyothi AJ National Centre for Compositional Characterisation of Materials (NCCCM), Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Hyderabad, - - 2014
Presently, silver nanoparticles produced by biological methods have received considerable significance owing to the natural abundance of renewable, cost-effective and biodegradable materials, thus implementing the green chemistry principles. Compared with the nanoparticles synthesized using chemical methods, most biogenic silver nanoparticles are protein capped, which imparts stability and biocompatibility, and enhanced ...
Wittschieber Daniel D Institute of Legal Medicine, University Hospital Münster, Röntgenstraße 23, 48149, Münster, Germany, - - 2014
As superimposition effects often impede the evaluation of the ossification status of the medial clavicular epiphysis in standard posterior-anterior (PA) radiographs, additional oblique images (right anterior oblique, RAO, and left anterior oblique, LAO) are currently recommended to allow for reliable stage assessments. The present study examines the influence of the ...
Phadke Chetan P CP 1 - Brain Rehabilitation Research Center of Excellence, Malcom Randall VAMC , 1601 SW Archer Road, Gainesville, FL , - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: Impaired reflex regulation is assumed to contribute to upper-extremity motor impairment post-stroke; however the relationship between reflex inhibition and motor function remains unclear. To address this question it is first necessary to determine the reproducibility of reflex responses. The objective of this study was to establish the test-retest ...
Patskovsky Sergiy S Engineering Physics Department, École Polytechnique de Montréal, Laser Processing and Plasmonics Laboratory, Montréal, Québec H3C 3A7, Canada. - - 2014
A hyperspectral microscopy system based on a reflected light method for plasmonic nanoparticle (NP) imaging was designed and compared with a conventional darkfield method for spatial localization and spectroscopic identification of single Au, Ag and Au/Ag alloy NPs incubated with fixed human cancer cell preparations. A new synthesis protocol based ...
Briesen Sebastian S MVZ Jung-Stilling Hospital , Siegen , Germany - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To assess the impact of visual impairment (VI) on utility values in Sub-Saharan Africa and compare findings with other studies from low- and high-income countries. Methods: Patients with normal vision and various levels of VI were recruited from a secondary eye clinic in rural Kenya and interviewed using ...
Tate Deborah F - - 2014
Young adulthood (age 18 to 35) is a high-risk period for unhealthy weight gain. Few studies have recruited for prevention of weight gain, particularly in young adults. This paper describes the recruitment protocol used in the Study of Novel Approaches to Prevention (SNAP). We conducted extensive formative work to inform ...
Andresen Ellen - - 2014
As a result of armed civil conflict in South Sudan that started in mid-December of 2013, an estimated 1.1 million persons were internally displaced, and approximately 400,000 refugees fled South Sudan to neighboring countries (primarily to Ethiopia, Uganda, Sudan, and Kenya). Refugees from South Sudan arriving in Ethiopia are sheltered ...
Knipe Duleeka W - - 2014
Sri Lanka has experienced major changes in its suicide rates since the 1970s, and in 1995 it had one of the highest rates in the world. Subsequent reductions in Sri Lanka's suicide rates have been attributed to the introduction of restrictions on the availability of highly toxic pesticides. We investigate ...
Santos Itamar S IS Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil Centro de Pesquisa Clínica e Epidemiológica do Hospital Universitário da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil - - 2014
Background and aim: Most studies assessing the association between migraine and obesity have shown conflicting results. We aimed to evaluate the association between obesity and migraine in ELSA-Brasil, a cohort study of 15,105 individuals aged 35-74 years. Methods: We assessed migraine using a validated questionnaire based on International Headache Society ...
Coutinho Claudia Andrade CA Pediatric Endocrinology Unit, Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, Santa Casa de São Paulo Faculty of Medical Sciences, São Paulo, - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to verify the correlation between neck circumference (NC) and body mass index (BMI) in children, and to determine NC percentiles for Brazilian children. Methods: The subjects of this cross-sectional study were students between the ages of 6 and 19 years from five schools ...
Herbert Annie A Department of Pharmacology and INSERM U970, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Université Paris Descartes, 56 rue Leblanc, Paris 75015, France Research & Development Department, Pennine Acute Hospitals NHS Trust, Crumpsall, Manchester, - - 2014
Estimated central systolic blood pressure (cSBP) and amplification (Brachial SBP-cSBP) are non-invasive measures potentially prognostic of cardiovascular (CV) disease. No worldwide, multiple-device reference values are available. We aimed to establish reference values for a worldwide general population standardizing between the different available methods of measurement. How these values were significantly ...
Rohrmeier Christian C Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Regensburg, 93042, Regensburg, Germany, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to investigate whether snoring sounds can be reliably, i.e. reproducibly and comparably, assessed by the listener. This is an absolute prerequisite if an objective method is to provide a valid representation of subjective assessments of snoring sounds. Fifty-three subjects, both men and women, from ...
Hongwei Si S From the *Department of Nuclear Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui Province, People's Republic of China; †Department of Nuclear Medicine, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China; and ‡Department of Nephrology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
To compare glomerular filtration rate (GFR) among individuals, GFR is usually scaled to body surface area (BSA) based on the ratio method, which has been debated for its accuracy in recent years. Reference to the BSA as a normalization standard is the most common method currently in use but has ...
O'Malley E E Weight Management Service, St Columcille's Hospital, Loughlinstown, County Dublin, - - 2014
Background: People with severe obesity (BMI>40kg/m(2)) have an 85% higher mortality than people with a healthy BMI. Poor physical function may contribute to this excess mortality. Lymphoedema-like swelling can affect the legs of severely obese people with normal lymphoscintography. Aim: We sought to determine the relationship between the presence of ...
Campolina Alessandro Gonçalves AG Centro de Investigação Translacional em Oncologia, Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil, - - 2014
The scope of this study was to establish whether the elimination of certain chronic diseases is capable of leading to the compression of morbidity among elderly individuals in Sao Paulo (Brazil), 2010. A population-based, cross-sectional study was carried out with official data for the city of Sao Paulo (Brazil) in ...
Langsdon Phillip P Division of Facial Plastic Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, University of Tennessee, Memphis, - - 2014
The appearance of the forehead and brow conveys both a state of aging as well as the dynamic status of human emotion. Maintaining a youthful and pleasant appearance of this region is often integral to facial rejuvenation. Conditions that are often addressed include transverse rhytids and glabellar frown lines, ptotic ...
Lauzière Séléna S Université de Montréal, H3C 3J7 Montréal, Canada. selena.lauziere@umontreal.ca, - - 2014
Objective: To assess plantarflexion moment and hip joint moment after-effects following walking on a split-belt treadmill in healthy individuals and individuals post-stroke. Design: Cross-sectional study. Subjects: Ten healthy individuals (mean age 57.6 years (standard deviation; SD 17.2)) and twenty individuals post-stroke (mean age 49.3 years (SD 13.2)). Methods: Participants walked ...
Cha Soo Min SM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Regional Rheumatoid and Degenerative Arthritis Center, Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon, South - - 2014
To measure grip strengths using several methods by serially excluding 1 or 2 phalanges using a flexion-block orthosis and comparing those with standard grip posture in order to facilitate prediction of clinical or functional outcomes that relate to the contribution of each finger to grip strength. Two hundred healthy men ...
Yasuda Kazuyuki K Department of Neuropsychiatry, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Medicine and Engineering, University of Yamanashi, Chuo, - - 2014
Seizure threshold in electroconvulsive therapy has not been reported previously in Japanese patients. We investigated seizure thresholds in bilateral electroconvulsive therapy in Japanese patients using the dose titration method. We examined associations between demographic and clinical characteristics and seizure threshold to identify the predictive factors of seizure thresholds. Finally, we ...
Pal Chinmoy C Nissan Motor Company Ltd., - - 2014
A comprehensive analysis is performed to evaluate the effect of weight, height and body mass index (BMI) of occupants on side impact injuries at different body regions. The accident dataset for this study is based on the National Automotive Sampling System-Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) for accident year 2000-08. The mean ...
McKnight Charlotte M CM Centre for Ophthalmology and Visual Science, University of Western Australia, Lions Eye Institute Perth, - - 2014
To determine the association between ocular sun exposure measured by conjunctival ultraviolet autofluorescence and myopic refractive error in young adults. Cross-sectional study METHODS: Setting: Population-based cohort in Western Australia STUDY POPULATION: 1344 mostly white subjects aged 19-22 years in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Eye Health Study OBSERVATION PROCEDURES: ...
Azevedo A C AC Departamento de Odontologia Social da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo (FOUSP), São Paulo, - - 2014
Due to the real need for careful staff training in age assessment, in order to improve capacity, consistency and competence, new research on the reliability and repeatability of methods frequently used in age assessment are required. The aim of this study was twofold: first, to test the accuracy of this ...
Igarashi Miho M 1 Center for Environment, Health, and Field Sciences, Chiba University , Chiba, Japan - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To clarify the effect of olfactory stimulation by fresh rose flowers, which exude a strong fragrance, on heart rate variability. Settings: A chamber with an artificial climate maintained at 25°C with 50% relative humidity and 230 lux illumination at the Center for Environment, Health, and Field Sciences, Chiba ...
Zhao Dapeng D Tianjin Key Laboratory of Animal and Plant Resistance, College of Life Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin, 300387, - - 2014
Objectives: In the present study, we for the first time investigated overweight and obesity level among Tibet minorities (Deng, Lhoba, Monba) living in remote villages at the south slope of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China. For each ethnicity, the total number of population is less than 10 thousands in China. Methods: Anthropometric ...
Song Juyoung J Korean Institute of Criminology, Seoul, South - - 2014
This study investigates whether high school and younger South Korean girls trade sex with middle-aged men for benefits due to cultural emphasis on materialism/consumerism, childhood adversities, or both. This form of prostitution, referred to as "compensated dating," is common in economically developed East Asian Countries, where there is debate about ...
Patel Nimesh N College of Optometry, University of Houston, Department of Vision Sciences, 505 J Davis Armistead Bldg, Houston, TX, 77204-2020, United States - - 2014
Purpose: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) measures of the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFL) and neuroretinal rim (NRR) parameters are often used as a surrogate for retinal ganglion cell content. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between these morphological measures and the aging effects on these ...
Guo Yu-Cheng YC College of Medicine and Forensics, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, 76 West Yanta Road, Xi'an, 710061, Shaanxi, People's Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of Cameriere's methods on dental age estimation in the northern Chinese population. A sample of orthopantomographs of 785 healthy children (397 girls and 388 boys) aged between 5 and 15 years was collected. The seven left permanent mandibular teeth were evaluated ...
Tang Nancy N Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA - - 2014
The Bang and Ramm method uses root dentine translucency (RDT) length in sectioned or unsectioned teeth as a sole indicator of chronological age at death in adult human remains. The formulae have been tested on modern remains of known age and on modern and archaeological remains of unknown age. This ...
Garriguet Didier D Health Analysis Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario - - 2014
Systematic reviews and results of Statistics Canada surveys have shown a discrepancy between self-reported and measured physical activity. This study compares these two methods and examines specific activities to explain the limitations of each method. Data are from cycle 1 (2007 to 2009) and cycle 2 (2009 to 2011) of ...
Liu Minyan M Department of Geriatric Endocrinology - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To examine the relationship between age and BMD at different skeletal sites and osteoporosis (OP) detection rates in Han Chinese men over 50 years and to assess the diagnostic value of the OSTA. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 1488 men over 50 was carried out and group comparisons ...
Luallen Jeremy J Abt Associates, Cambridge, MA, USA - - 2014
For the past several decades, the U.S. prison system has witnessed a steady and persistent increase in the ages of prison populations. Given the additional costs and burdens placed on prisons as they house older inmates, this aging trend has generated intense interest among policy makers and academics who seek ...
Senol Vesile - - 2014
Abstract Background: This aim of this study was to update information on body mass index (BMI) references and prevalence of overweight and obesity in Turkey, and to compare our data with previous local and international data. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in Turkish school-age children living in Kayseri, ...
Oeffinger Donna D Shriners Hospital for Children, Lexington, KY, USA - - 2014
To determine the amount of variability in scores on activity and participation measures used to assess ambulatory individuals with cerebral palsy explained by strength, body composition, gait impairment and participant characteristics. Multicentre prospective cross-sectional study. Seven paediatric-orthopaedic specialty hospitals. Three hundred and seventy-seven ambulatory individuals (241 males, 136 females) with ...
Edlund Maria M Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahlgrenska School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible increase in hand tremor in relation to hand-arm vibration (HAV) exposure in a cohort of exposed and unexposed workers. Participants were 178 male workers with or without exposure to HAV. The study is cross-sectional regarding the outcome of tremor ...
Nunan David D aDepartment of Primary Health Care, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK bAIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Vienna, - - 2014
We have previously reported that estimation of central blood pressure (BP) and augmentation using an automated oscillometric device are robust and feasible in a community setting. The same method has recently been validated for estimating aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV) in laboratory settings, and its prognostic value has been confirmed ...
Burmester Bridget B School of Psychology,Massey University,PO Box 756,Wellington 6140,New - - 2014
ABSTRACT Background: Subjective memory complaints (SMCs) are a common occurrence for adults, which increase with age, and cause considerable distress. Traditionally SMCs have been assessed by either questionnaires, which ask whether a person has experienced given examples of SMCs, or open-ended questions which elicit spontaneous reports of SMCs. However, little ...
Amadasi Alberto A Laboratorio di Antropologia ed Odontologia Forense (LABANOF), Istituto di Medicina Legale e delle Assicurazioni, Università degli Studi di Milano, V. Mangiagalli 37, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
The assessment of age at death for identification purposes is a frequent and tough challenge for forensic pathologists and anthropologists. Too frequently, visual assessment of age is performed on well-preserved corpses, a method considered subjective and full of pitfalls, but whose level of inadequacy no one has yet tested or ...
Laszlo Anna M AM Department of Medical Physics and Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Korányi fasor 9, 6720, Szeged, Hungary, - - 2014
Suicide rates in Hungary have been analyzed from different aspects in recent decades. However, only descriptive rates have been reported. The aim of our epidemiological study was to characterize the pattern of annual rates of suicide in Hungary during the period 1963-2011 by applying advanced statistical methods. Annual suicide rates ...
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