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Van den Bergh Bea R H BR Department of Psychology, Tilburg University, Warandelaan 2, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands, - - 2015
The long-lasting effects of fetal exposure to early life influences (ELI) such as maternal anxiety, stress, and micronutrient deficiencies as well as mediating and moderating factors are quite well established in animal studies, but remain unclear in humans. Here, we report about effects on cognition, behavior, and emotion in offspring ...
Lehnert M M Institute of Prevention and Occupational Medicine, German Social Accident Insurance (IPA), Institute of the Ruhr-University Bochum, 1 Bürkle-de-la-Camp-Platz, 44789, Bochum, Germany, - - 2014
The association between exposure to welding fume and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been insufficiently clarified. In this study we assessed the influence of exposure to welding fume on lung function parameters. We investigated forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV1/FVC, and expiratory flow ...
Lione Roberta R *Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", - - 2014
Summary OBJECTIVE : To analyze the effects on vertical dentoskeletal dimension produced by cervical headgear (CHG) or Pendulum (P) both followed by full fixed appliances in growing patients with Class II malocclusion. The CHG group (CHGG) consisted of 40 patients (25 females, 15 males) with a mean age of 11.5 ...
Pugliese Giuseppe G Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, "La Sapienza" University, 00189 Rome, - - 2014
Galectin-3 has been increasingly recognized as an important modulator of several biological functions, by interacting with several molecules inside and outside the cell, and an emerging player in numerous disease conditions. Galectin-3 exerts various and sometimes contrasting effects according to its location, type of injury, or site of damage. Strong ...
Lara Jose - - 2014
BackgroundThere is a need for development of more effective interventions to achieve healthy eating, enhance healthy ageing, and to reduce the risk of age-related diseases. The aim of this study was to identify the behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used in complex dietary behaviour change interventions and to explore the association ...
Lu Fangyuan F State Key Laboratory for Superlattices and Microstructures, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 912, Beijing100083 - - 2014
High-quality Bi2 S3 nanowires are synthesized by chemical vapor deposition and their intrinsic photoresponsive and field-effect characteristics are explored in detail. Among the studied Au-Au, Ag-Ag, and Au-Ag electrode pairs, the device with stepwise band alignment of asymmetric Au-Ag electrodes has the highest mobility. Furthermore, it is shown that light ...
Chase Jo-Ana D JA Sinclair School of Nursing, University of Missouri, Columbia. - - 2014
To determine the overall effectiveness of interventions designed to increase physical activity (PA) behavior among community-dwelling older adults. Comprehensive literature searching identified eligible PA intervention studies among community-dwelling adults aged 65 and older, or sample mean age of 70. Diverse study characteristics were extracted and outcome data were duplicate coded. ...
Bécares Laia L Centre on Dynamics of Ethnicity, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies among US Latinos provide the most consistent evidence of ethnic density effects. However, most studies conducted to date have focused on Mexican Americans, and it is not clear whether ethnic density effects differ across Latino sub-groups, generational status, or measures of ethnic density. In addition, the mechanisms behind ethnic ...
Choi Ji-Kyung JK Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated a triple transgene Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model that recapitulates many of the neurochemical, anatomic, pathologic and behavioral defects seen in human AD. We studied the mice as a function of age and brain region and investigated potential therapy with the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy ...
Ashpole Nicole M NM Reynolds Oklahoma Center on Aging, Donald W. Reynolds Department of Geriatric Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 975 NE 10th Street, SLY-BRC 1303, Oklahoma City, OK - - 2014
Growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 regulate the development and function of cells throughout the body. Several clinical diseases that result in a decline in physical and mental function are marked by mutations that disrupt GH or IGF-1 signaling. During the lifespan there is a robust decrease in ...
Gerritsen L L Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics,Karolinska - - 2014
Psychosocial stress has been related to changes in the nervous system, with both adaptive and maladaptive consequences. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of negative events experienced throughout the entire lifespan and hippocampal and amygdala volumes in older adults. In 466 non-demented old adults (age range ...
Kiapour Ata M AM Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, - - 2014
Animal models have long been considered an important modality for studying ACL injuries. However, to our knowledge, the value of these preclinical models to study sex-related phenomena associated with ACL injury and recovery has not been evaluated. We asked whether (1) prominent anatomic and (2) biomechanical factors differ between female ...
Ahmed A A - - 2014
Accumulating research supports the neuroprotective effects of pomegranate (Punicagranatum) juice and extracts against Alzheimer's disease (AD) but there is limited data available in animal models. Here we investigated the effects of standardized pomegranate extract (PE)on AD pathology in an aged transgenic AD animal model (R1.40).The mice (age 24-30 months) received ...
Sonani Ravi Raghav RR BRD School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel University, Vadtal Road, Satellite Campus, Post Box No- 39, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, 388 120, - - 2014
In the present study, we tested the antioxidant activity of phycoerythrin (PE, an oligomeric light harvesting protein isolated from Lyngbya sp. A09DM) to curtail aging effects in Caenorhabditis elegans. Purified PE (100 μg/ml) dietary supplement was given to C. elegans and investigated for its anti-aging potential. PE treatment improved the mean ...
Völker Carolin C Institute for Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, Goethe University Frankfurt am Main , Frankfurt am Main , - - 2014
Abstract A range of studies has addressed possible environmental impacts of nanosilver, but most focused on acute effects in few species. Moreover, it remains unclear if toxic effects are particle-specific or mediated by released silver ions. We investigated chronic effects of nanosilver and soluble silver (AgNO3) on the freshwater bivalve ...
Crean Angela J AJ Evolution and Ecology Research Centre and School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, - - 2014
Newly discovered non-genetic mechanisms break the link between genes and inheritance, thereby also raising the possibility that previous mating partners could influence traits in offspring sired by subsequent males that mate with the same female ('telegony'). In the fly Telostylinus angusticollis, males transmit their environmentally acquired condition via paternal effects ...
Bowers E Keith EK Behavior, Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics Section, School of Biological Sciences, Illinois State University, Normal, IL, 61790-4120, - - 2014
A major component of sex-allocation theory, the Trivers-Willard Model (TWM), posits that sons and daughters are differentially affected by variation in the rearing environment. In many species, the amount of parental care received is expected to have differing effects on the fitness of males and females. When this occurs, the ...
Lorio S S LREN, Dept. of Clinical Neurosciences, CHUV, University of Lausanne, Lausanne - - 2014
Evidence from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies shows that healthy aging is associated with profound changes in cortical and subcortical brain structures. The reliable delineation of cortex and basal ganglia using automated computational anatomy methods based on T1-weighted images remains challenging, which results in controversies in the literature. In this ...
Liu P P Institute of Animal Nutrition, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate age-related changes and the effect of dietary Zn concentration on morphological and immunological characteristics in the gastrointestinal tract of piglets. A total of 96 purebred Landrace piglets were weaned at the age of 26 ± 1 d, and randomly allocated into 3 ...
Miller M W MW Department of Psychiatry, National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with elevated risk for a variety of age-related diseases and neurodegeneration. In this paper, we review evidence relevant to the hypothesis that chronic PTSD constitutes a form of persistent life stress that potentiates oxidative stress (OXS) and accelerates cellular aging. We provide an overview ...
Oates Jennifer M JM Department of Human Communication Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, La Trobe University, Victoria, - - 2014
This review addresses speech therapy interventions for older adults experiencing voice impairments. The prevalence, impact, and nature of voice impairments in older people are outlined. Intervention methods and their effectiveness are discussed, with particular focus on behavioral treatments for presbyphonia. The strength of current evidence is discussed and recommendations for ...
Jégo M M Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, UMR CNRS 5558, 43 bd du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France; Université de Lyon, VetAgroSup, 1 Avenue Bourgelat, 69280 Marcy l'étoile, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies of the impact of parasites on host performance have mainly focused on body mass, a phenotypic trait that responds relatively slowly to the presence of parasites, and the expectedly faster response of physiological parameters has been mostly overlooked. We filled the gap by measuring the impact of endoparasites on ...
Steinman M Q MQ Molecular, Cellular and Integrative Physiology Graduate Group, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA; Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Vasopressin signaling has important effects on the regulation of social behaviors and stress responses, and is considered a promising pathway to target for new therapeutics of stress-induced psychiatric disorders. Although there is evidence for sex differences in the behavioral effects of arginine vasopressin (AVP), few data have directly compared the ...
Newcomb Lucas B - - 2014
The origin of the odd-even effect in properties of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), and/or in technologies derived from them, is poorly understood. We report that hydrophobicity, and hence surface wetting of SAM, is dominated by the nature of the substrate (surface roughness and identity) and SAM tilt angle, which influences surface ...
Li Yang Y Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, College of Chemistry, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, P. R. - - 2014
Unique Ag2 S-Ag heterostructured nanobowl arrays consisting of Ag2 S nanonets lying on Ag nanobowl arrays are fabricated by two-step nanosphere lithography at the gas-liquid interface. These Ag2 S-Ag heterostructured nanobowl arrays exhibit effective resistance switching behaviors and enhanced photoresponses, showing potential application in both electric devices and photocatalysis.
Mytton Graham J GJ Department for Sport and Tourism, Sunderland College, - - 2014
Previous literature has presented pacing data of groups of competition finalists. The aim of this study was to analyse the pacing patterns displayed by medallists and non-medallists in international competitive 400-m swimming and 1500-m running finals. Split times were collected from 48 swimming finalists (four 100-m laps) and 60 running ...
Ross Alex A Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, School of Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, New - - 2014
Anthropometrical and physical characteristics have been used to distinguish players of different competition levels and position groups; however, there is no literature within rugby sevens. The purpose of this study was to compare the anthropometrical and physical characteristics of international and provincial rugby sevens players and between forwards and backs. ...
Jiang Heng H Turning Point, Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
This study aims to apply time series analysis techniques to examine the effects of random breath testing (RBT) on three age-specific traffic fatalities in four Australian states while considering the effects of lowering the minimum legal drinking age (MLDA). Long-term time series of age-specific traffic crash deaths in four Australian ...
Tipnis Rima A RA Department of Health and Sport Science, University of Dayton, 300 College Park Center, Dayton, OH 45469, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lateral foot wedges represent a biomechanical intervention aimed at reducing medial knee loads. However, the effects of varying wedge amounts on biomechanical variables and orthotic comfort have not been systematically studied. Further, arch height may influence the comfort of laterally wedged devices. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was ...
Créac'h Christelle C Pain Center & Department of Neurology, CHU Saint-Etienne, 42055, Saint-Etienne, France; Central Integration of Pain Lab, INSERM U1028 &UMR 5292, Centre for Neuroscience of Lyon, - University Claude Bernard of Lyon & University Jean Monnet, 42023, Saint-Etienne, - - 2014
Introduction: Aging has been reported to reduce the amplitude of laser evoked potentials. However, it is unknown whether this effect depends on the length of the sensory fibers. This is an important issue, since most painful neuropathies are length-dependant. Methods: We conducted a study of 40 healthy subjects, half of ...
Abraham Solana S Laboratorio de Investigaciones Ecoetológicas de Moscas de la Fruta y sus Enemigos Naturales (LIEMEN), PROIMI, Tucumán, Argentina; CONICET, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
In numerous insects, accessory gland products (AGPs) transferred from males to females during mating are responsible for female sexual inhibition, but these products can be affected by male condition. Here, we investigated the effect of AGPs on female receptivity of the Mexican fruit fly Anastrepha ludens (Loew), and the effect ...
Amitay-Rosen Tal T a Department of Physical Chemistry , Israel Institute for Biological Research , P.O.B. 19, Ness-Ziona 74100 , - - 2014
Abstract The effects of an eight-year natural aging of ASC impregnated activated carbon on the adsorption capacity and breakthrough times of model organic vapors and of the nerve agent sarin were investigated. Aging delayed methanol breakthrough from dry air on pre-dried carbon, but shortened the breakthrough time of both methanol ...
Esopenko Carrie C Baycrest Health Sciences, Rotman Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada ; - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a highly prevalent condition with significant effects on cognition and behavior. While the acute and sub-acute effects of TBI recover over time, relatively little is known about the long-term effects of TBI in relation to neurodegenerative disease. This issue has recently garnered a great deal ...
Golem Devon L DL 1Department of Family and Consumer Science, New Mexico State University 2Department of Exercise Science and Sport Studies, Rutgers - - 2014
Improvements in muscular power and anaerobic performance have resulted from use of jaw-repositioning mouth guards designed with advanced dental techniques. The high cost of such techniques has dissuaded the widespread use. Recently, more affordable, over-the-counter (OTC) jaw-repositioning mouth guards have become available. The primary objective of this study was to ...
Vopat Bryan G - - 2014
Decades of research support the fact that much age-related deterioration is the result of the effects of sedentary lifestyles and the development of medical conditions rather than of aging itself. Elite older athletes, who demonstrate enhanced performance compared with historic cohorts and even some younger peers, are models of this ...
Köteles F F Eötvös Loránd University Institute for Health Promotion and Sport Sciences Bogdánfy Ödön u. 10 H-1117 Budapest - - 2014
Effects of inhaled essential oils (EOs) cannot be explained by pharmacological mechanisms alone. The study aimed to investigate the effects of pleasantness of and expectancies evoked by EOs. A double-blind experiment with a within-subject design was carried out with the participation of 33 volunteering adults (15.2% male; mean age 37.7 ...
Niitepõld Kristjan K Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305; 2Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory, Crested Butte, Colorado - - 2014
Abstract Stressful conditions can affect resource allocation among different life-history traits. The effect of dietary restriction (DR) on longevity and reproduction has been studied in many species, but we know little about its effects on energetics, especially in flying animals that have high energy demand. We assessed the effects of ...
Kalokerinos Elise K EK The University of - - 2014
Older adults favor emotionally positive material over emotionally negative material in information processing. Given the potentially harmful consequences of avoiding negative information, this aging positivity effect may provide benefits that offset its costs. To test this possibility, we assessed positivity in recall and blood indicators of immune function among older ...
Ritchie Stuart J SJ Department of Psychology, The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom ; Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, The University of Edinburgh, United - - 2014
A well-replicated finding in the psychological literature is the negative correlation between religiosity and intelligence. However, several studies also conclude that one form of religiosity, church attendance, is protective against later-life cognitive decline. No effects of religious belief per se on cognitive decline have been found, potentially due to the ...
Chen Tianle T Department of Biostatistics, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia - - 2014
We develop methods to accurately predict whether pre-symptomatic individuals are at risk of a disease based on their various marker profiles, which offers an opportunity for early intervention well before definitive clinical diagnosis. For many diseases, existing clinical literature may suggest the risk of disease varies with some markers of ...
Wattie Nick N Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, ON, L1H 7K4, Canada, - - 2014
The policies that dictate the participation structure of many youth sport systems involve the use of a set selection date (e.g. 31 December), which invariably produces relative age differences between those within the selection year (e.g. 1 January to 31 December). Those born early in the selection year (e.g. January) ...
Wade M M Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development,University of - - 2014
The effect of low birth weight on children's development has been documented for a range of neurocognitive outcomes. However, few previous studies have examined the effect of birth weight variability within the normal range on children's neuropsychological development. The current study examined birth weight variation amongst children weighing ≥2500 g ...
Ayoubi Farah - - 2014
To compare gait variability among older community-dwellers with and without fear of falling and history of falls, and 2) to examine the association between gait variability and fear of falling while taking into account the effect of potential confounders. Based on a cross-sectional design, 1,023 French community-dwellers (mean age +/- ...
Côté-Maurais Guillaume G Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique-Institut Armand-Frappier, 531 boul. Des Prairies, Laval, Québec, Canada H7V - - 2014
Immunotoxicity studies of nanoparticles on T cells addressed their effects on activation by T antigen receptor, but have neglected the regulation of proliferation by IL-2. In this study, the IL-2-dependent T lymphoblastoid WE17/10 cell line was used to compare silver (Ag-NPs) and fullerene (C60-NPs) nanoparticles' toxicity and evaluate whether these ...
Ebejer J L JL Environmental and Rural Sciences, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia, - - 2014
The heritability of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is higher for children than adults. This may be due to increasing importance of environment in symptom variation, measurement inaccuracy when two raters report behavior of a twin-pair, a contrast effect resulting from parental comparison of siblings and/or dimensionality of measures. We examine rater ...
Nascimento Bárbara Mazetti BM UFPR, Curitiba, Brazil, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the following environmental effects in Suffolk lambing: contemporary groups, type of birth, and age of animal and age of dam at lambing on conformation (C), precocity (P), musculature (M), and body weight at postweaning (W), and the heritability coefficients and genetic correlations among these traits. ...
Moore Patrick V PV Centre for Health Policy and Management, Trinity College Dublin, 3/4 Foster Place, College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland, - - 2014
Concerns about the long-term sustainability of health care expenditures (HCEs), particularly prescribing expenditures, has become an important policy issue in most developed countries. Previous studies suggest that proximity to death (PTD) has a significant effect on total HCEs, with its exclusion leading to an overestimation of likely growth. There are ...
Arroyo Cristina C School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, - - 2014
Beef longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) muscle was used to evaluate the effect of PEF treatments (1.4kV/cm, 10Hz, 20μs, 300 and 600 pulses) on meat quality attributes (weight loss, colour, cook loss and texture) and its evolution at various stages during ageing (2, 10, 18 and 26days post-mortem). The length ...
Galbraith Sally S School of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of New South Wales, - - 2014
Longitudinal studies are often used to investigate age-related developmental change. Whereas a single cohort design takes a group of individuals at the same initial age and follows them over time, an accelerated longitudinal design takes multiple single cohorts, each one starting at a different age. The main advantage of an ...
Rathi Sre P R PR Centre for Advanced Studies in Botany, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, Tamilnadu, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Simple, yet an effective and rapid approach for the green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) using root extract of Erythrina indica and its in vitro antibacterial activity was tried against human pathogenic bacteria and its cytotoxic effect in breast and lung cancer cell lines has been demonstrated in this ...
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