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Van den Bergh Bea R H BR Department of Psychology, Tilburg University, Warandelaan 2, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands, - - 2015
The long-lasting effects of fetal exposure to early life influences (ELI) such as maternal anxiety, stress, and micronutrient deficiencies as well as mediating and moderating factors are quite well established in animal studies, but remain unclear in humans. Here, we report about effects on cognition, behavior, and emotion in offspring ...
Esser A A a Institute for Occupational Medicine and Social Medicine , RWTH Aachen University , Aachen , - - 2015
HELPcB (Health Effects in High-Level Exposure to Polychlorinated Biphenyls [PCB]) is a surveillance program for former PCB-exposed workers of a capacitor recycling company and other concerned individuals. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) on the health-related quality of life (HRQL) and on ...
Padua Michael V MV Department of Biology, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557, - - 2014
Maternal inheritance of mitochondria creates a sex-specific selective sieve with implications for male longevity, disease susceptibility and infertility. Because males are an evolutionary dead end for mitochondria, mitochondrial mutations that are harmful or beneficial to males but not females cannot respond directly to selection. Although the importance of this male/female ...
Barra Sérgio S Cardiology Department, Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Papworth Everard, Cambridge CB23 3RE, UK - - 2014
Despite the increasingly high rate of implantation of cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) in elderly patients, data supporting their clinical and cost-effectiveness in this age stratum are ambiguous and contradictory. We comprehensively reviewed the state-of-the-art data regarding the applicability, safety, clinical- and cost-effectiveness of the ICD in elderly patients, and analysed which patients ...
Monk Bethan Alice BA School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, - - 2014
Ageing is a prominent risk factor for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are an integral part of atherosclerotic plaque formation, progression and subsequent rupture. Emerging evidence suggests that VSMC behaviour is modified by age, which in turn may affect disease outcome in the elderly. In this ...
CypryaƄska Marzena M 1 University of Social Sciences and Humanities, - - 2014
Summary.-Compared to younger adults, older adults attend more to positive stimuli, a positivity effect. Older adults have limited time horizons, and they focus on maintaining positive affect, whereas younger adults have unlimited time horizons, and they focus on acquiring knowledge and developing skills. Time horizons were manipulated by asking participants ...
Dittrich Falk - - 2014
BackgroundIn male birds, influence of the sex steroid hormone testosterone and its estrogenic metabolites on seasonal song behavior has been demonstrated for many species. In contrast, female song was only recently recognized to be widespread among songbird species, and to date, sex hormone effects on singing and brain regions controlling ...
Andrade Leonardo F LF Psychology Department, Westfield State University, 577 Western Avenue, Westfield, MA - - 2014
Numerous studies show that individuals with substance use and gambling problems discount delayed and probabilistic outcomes at different rates than controls. Few studies, however, investigated the association of discounting with antisocial personality disorders (ASPD), and none evaluated whether sex impacts these relationships. Because females with ASPD exhibit different patterns of ...
McFall G Peggy - - 2014
Objective: We tested independent and interactive effects of Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) and pulse pressure (PP) concurrently and longitudinally across 9 years (3 waves) of episodic (EM) and semantic memory (SM) data from the Victoria Longitudinal Study. Method: We assembled a sample of older adults (n = 570, baseline M age ...
Smulders Stijn S Occupational and Environmental Toxicology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The unique physicochemical properties of nanomaterials has led to an increased use in the paint and coating industry. In this study, the in vitro toxicity of three pristine ENPs (TiO2, Ag and SiO2), three aged paints containing ENPs (TiO2, Ag and SiO2) and control paints without ENPs were compared. In ...
Chen Chih-Jung CJ Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan. - - 2014
We prepared Ag-Si microflowers as the photocathode for water splitting through a facile chemical method. The photocurrent and the hydrogen evolution rate of partially Ag particle decorated-Si microwires were enhanced through the synergistic effects of Ag co-catalytic and plasmonic assistance.
Vogel Andrea A Department of Biological Sciences, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Atrazine is a commonly utilized herbicide to control broadleaf weeds in the agricultural setting. It can, however, have negative effects on male reproductive performance in a variety of vertebrate species. Much less is known, however, about the effects of atrazine on invertebrates. In this study, we investigated the effects of ...
Apori Samuel Obeng SO Department of Animal Science, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, - - 2014
A study on the growth and reproductive performance of two rabbit breeds was undertaken. Data on 588 kits and 97 does of California White and 574 kits and 90 does of New Zealand White rabbits reared under hot and humid environment in Ghana were taken. The reproductive performance of the ...
Yuan Kai - - 2014
A silver nanoparticles decorated graphene oxide (GO-Ag NPs) nanocomposite with surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect was inherited to improve the performance of polymer solar cells (PSCs). The GO-Ag NPs was fabricated in situ via ultraviolet (UV) irradiation (254 nm) of GO and AgNO3 mixture aqueous solution. The photoexcited GO accelerated ...
Herrmann Jennifer L JL Department of Dermatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama. Electronic address: - - 2014
Tanning accelerators are topical products used by indoor tanners to augment and hasten the tanning process. These products contain tyrosine, psoralens, and/or other chemicals. We sought to better define the population using accelerators, identify predictors of their use, and describe any related adverse effects. This cross-sectional study surveyed 200 indoor ...
Fitzpatrick John L JL Computational and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PT, UK; Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Animal Biology, University of Western Australia, WA, 6009, - - 2014
In many species the negative fitness effects of inbreeding have facilitated the evolution of a wide range of inbreeding avoidance mechanisms. While avoidance mechanisms operating prior to mating are well documented, evidence for postcopulatory mechanisms of inbreeding avoidance remain scarce. Here, we examine the potential for paternity biases to favour ...
Liao Shu-Yi SY Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, - - 2014
Background Few longitudinal studies have been conducted on occupational exposure and lung function. This study investigated occupational dust exposure effects on lung function and whether genetic variants influence such effects. Methods The study population (1,332 participants) was from the Framingham Heart Study, in which participant lung function measures were available ...
Chen Lei L Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Wuhan General Hospital of Guangzhou Command, Wuhan 430000, PR - - 2014
Tendon stem/progenitor cell (TSPC) senescence may lead to age-related tendon disorders and impair tendon regeneration and replacement capacity in humans. However, the mechanisms governing TSPC aging and degeneration remain obscure. Recently, it has been reported that Rho-associated coiled-coil protein kinase 1 (ROCK1) might be a key player in TSPC aging ...
Aisenberg D D Department of Psychology, Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
We examined the effect of a task-irrelevant dimension on response times in young adults and seniors. We used the Simon task with congruent trials where the target and manual response were on the same side, incongruent trials where the target and response were on opposite sides, and neutral trials where ...
Ter Wolbeek Maike M Laboratory of Neuroimmunology and Developmental Origins of Disease, University Medical Center Utrecht, Office KC 03.068.0, P.O. Box 85090, 3508 AB Utrecht, The - - 2014
Neonatal glucocorticoid (GC) treatment is used to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in prematurely born babies. In the 1990s, treatment regimens with relatively high doses of dexamethasone (DEX) were common. As an alternative, hydrocortisone (HC) was used. Earlier, we compared long-term effects of both GCs in children aged 7-10 and detected ...
Ariani Cristina V CV Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB24 6BG, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mosquitoes are one of the most important vectors of human disease. The ability of mosquitoes to transmit disease is dependent on the age structure of the population, as mosquitoes must survive long enough for the parasites to complete their development and infect another human. Age could have additional effects due ...
Conradt Elisabeth E The University of - - 2014
Children chronically exposed to stress early in life are at increased risk for maladaptive outcomes, though the physiological mechanisms driving these effects are unknown. Cortisol reactivity was tested as a mediator of the relation between prenatal substance exposure and/or early adversity on adaptive and maladaptive outcomes. Data were drawn from ...
Leonova Tatiana A TA Counseling-diagnostic Department of thyroid diseases, Minsk City Clinical Oncologic Dispensary, Minsk 220013, - - 2014
Long-term management of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) commonly includes TSH-suppressive therapy with L-T4 and, in case of postsurgical hypoparathyroidism, Calcium-D3 supplementation, both of which may affect skeletal health. Experience with female patients treated for DTC at a young age and who were then receiving long-term therapy with L-T4 ...
Sturgeon John A - - 2014
This study examined the relationships between daily negative financial events and positive and negative interpersonal events, as well as the moderating effects of life circumstances, for a sample of 182 adults between the age of 40 and 65 providing 30 days of diary data collected between 2008 and 2011. There ...
Westerhof Gerben J - - 2014
Evidence is accumulating on the effects of subjective aging-that is, how individuals perceive their own aging process-on health and survival in later life. The goal of this article is to synthesize findings of existing longitudinal studies through a meta-analysis. A systematic search in PsycInfo, Web of Science, Scopus, and Pubmed ...
Gasparini Clelia C Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Animal Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia - - 2014
Sperm senescence can have important evolutionary implications due to its deleterious effects on sperm quality and offspring performance. Consequently, it has been argued that polyandry (female multiple mating) may facilitate the selection of younger, and therefore competitively superior, sperm when ejaculates from multiple males compete for fertilization. Surprisingly, however, unequivocal ...
Ronca April E AE 1 Space Biosciences Research Branch, NASA Ames Research Center , Mountainview, - - 2014
Abstract In this report, sex/gender research relevant to reproduction on Earth, in conjunction with the extant human and animal observations in space, was used to identify knowledge gaps and prioritize recommendations for future sex- and gender-specific surveillance and monitoring of male and female astronauts. With overall increased durations of contemporary ...
Ryo Koufuchi K Department of Pathology, Tsurumi University School of Dental Medicine, 2-1-3 Tsurumi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-8501, - - 2014
Dry mouth, which is characterized by decreased salivation, has a number of causes; the involvement of estrogen has been suggested as symptoms typically develop in middle-aged females. However, there is a lack of consensus regarding the treatment of this condition. Soy isoflavones, a subgroup of flavonoids, are abundantly found in ...
Schaumann Gabriele E GE Universität Koblenz-Landau, Institute for Environmental Sciences, Group of Environmental and Soil Chemistry, Fortstr. 7, D-76829 Landau, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Engineered inorganic nanoparticles (EINP) from consumers' products and industrial applications, especially silver and titanium dioxide nanoparticles (NP), are emitted into the aquatic and terrestrial environments in increasing amounts. However, the current knowledge on their environmental fate and biological effects is diverse and renders reliable predictions complicated. This review critically evaluates ...
Bauermeister Sarah S Institute of Psychological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds, UK. - - 2014
To examine whether aerobic fitness moderated age differences in within-person reaction time variability (WP RT variability) and given conceptual linkage involving the frontal cortex, whether effects were mediated by executive function. Aerobic fitness (estimated VO2max) and WP RT variability were investigated in 225 healthy, community-dwelling adults aged 50-90 years (M ...
Kirkland James L JL Mayo Clinic Robert and Arlene Kogod Center on Aging, 200 First Street, S.W., Rochester, MN 55905, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Aging is associated with increasing predisposition to multiple chronic diseases. One fundamental aging process that is often operative at sites of the pathology underlying chronic age-related diseases is cellular senescence. Small molecule senolytic agents are being developed. For successful drug development: 1) appropriate animal models of human age-related diseases need ...
Reid Jane M JM Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, Zoology Building, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, Scotland. - - 2014
Extra-pair reproduction is widely hypothesised to allow females to avoid inbreeding with related socially-paired males. Consequently, numerous field studies have tested the key predictions that extra-pair offspring are less inbred than females' alternative within-pair offspring, and that the probability of extra-pair reproduction increases with a female's relatedness to her socially-paired ...
Peels Denise A - - 2014
Physical inactivity is a significant predictor of several chronic diseases, becoming more prevalent as people age. Since the aging population increases demands on healthcare budgets, effectively stimulating physical activity (PA) against acceptable costs is of major relevance. This study provides insight into long-term health outcomes and cost-effectiveness of a tailored ...
Lee Dongyeop D Department of Life Sciences, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, South - - 2014
Nutrients including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins, and minerals regulate various physiological processes and are essential for the survival of organisms. Reduced overall caloric intake delays aging in various organisms. However, the role of each nutritional component in the regulation of lifespan is not well established. In this review, we describe ...
Opdal Anders Frugård AF Hjort Centre for Marine Ecosystem Dynamics, Uni Research, PO Box 7810, 5020, Bergen, - - 2014
Harvesting may be a potent driver of demographic change and contemporary evolution, which both may have great impacts on animal populations. Research has focused on changes in phenotypic traits that are easily quantifiable and for which time series exist, such as size, age, sex, or gonad size, whereas potential changes ...
Dinno Alexis A School of Community Health, Portland State University, PO Box 751-SCH, Portland, OR, 97207-0751, USA, - - 2014
In the recent Demography article titled "The Effect of Same-Sex Marriage Laws on Different-Sex Marriage: Evidence From the Netherlands," Trandafir attempted to answer the question, Are rates of opposite sex marriage affected by legal recognition of same-sex marriages? The results of his approach to statistical inference-looking for evidence of a ...
Jung Eunsoo E Laboratory of Toxicology, BK21 PLUS Program for Creative Veterinary Science Research, Research Institute for Veterinary Science and College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Republic of Korea; LG Life Sciences Ltd., R&D Park, Daejeon 305-343, Republic of - - 2014
This study evaluated the inhibitory effects of gemigliptin, a highly selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, on the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and AGE cross-links with proteins in in vitro as well as in type 2 diabetic db/db mice. In in vitro assay, gemigliptin dose-dependently inhibited methylglyoxal-modified AGE-bovine serum ...
Lehnert M M Institute of Prevention and Occupational Medicine, German Social Accident Insurance (IPA), Institute of the Ruhr-University Bochum, 1 Bürkle-de-la-Camp-Platz, 44789, Bochum, Germany, - - 2014
The association between exposure to welding fume and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been insufficiently clarified. In this study we assessed the influence of exposure to welding fume on lung function parameters. We investigated forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV1/FVC, and expiratory flow ...
Lione Roberta R *Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", - - 2014
Summary OBJECTIVE : To analyze the effects on vertical dentoskeletal dimension produced by cervical headgear (CHG) or Pendulum (P) both followed by full fixed appliances in growing patients with Class II malocclusion. The CHG group (CHGG) consisted of 40 patients (25 females, 15 males) with a mean age of 11.5 ...
Pugliese Giuseppe G Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, "La Sapienza" University, 00189 Rome, - - 2014
Galectin-3 has been increasingly recognized as an important modulator of several biological functions, by interacting with several molecules inside and outside the cell, and an emerging player in numerous disease conditions. Galectin-3 exerts various and sometimes contrasting effects according to its location, type of injury, or site of damage. Strong ...
Lu Fangyuan F State Key Laboratory for Superlattices and Microstructures, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 912, Beijing100083 - - 2014
High-quality Bi2 S3 nanowires are synthesized by chemical vapor deposition and their intrinsic photoresponsive and field-effect characteristics are explored in detail. Among the studied Au-Au, Ag-Ag, and Au-Ag electrode pairs, the device with stepwise band alignment of asymmetric Au-Ag electrodes has the highest mobility. Furthermore, it is shown that light ...
Chase Jo-Ana D JA Sinclair School of Nursing, University of Missouri, Columbia. - - 2014
To determine the overall effectiveness of interventions designed to increase physical activity (PA) behavior among community-dwelling older adults. Comprehensive literature searching identified eligible PA intervention studies among community-dwelling adults aged 65 and older, or sample mean age of 70. Diverse study characteristics were extracted and outcome data were duplicate coded. ...
Bécares Laia L Centre on Dynamics of Ethnicity, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies among US Latinos provide the most consistent evidence of ethnic density effects. However, most studies conducted to date have focused on Mexican Americans, and it is not clear whether ethnic density effects differ across Latino sub-groups, generational status, or measures of ethnic density. In addition, the mechanisms behind ethnic ...
Lara Jose - - 2014
BackgroundThere is a need for development of more effective interventions to achieve healthy eating, enhance healthy ageing, and to reduce the risk of age-related diseases. The aim of this study was to identify the behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used in complex dietary behaviour change interventions and to explore the association ...
Choi Ji-Kyung JK Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated a triple transgene Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model that recapitulates many of the neurochemical, anatomic, pathologic and behavioral defects seen in human AD. We studied the mice as a function of age and brain region and investigated potential therapy with the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy ...
Ashpole Nicole M NM Reynolds Oklahoma Center on Aging, Donald W. Reynolds Department of Geriatric Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 975 NE 10th Street, SLY-BRC 1303, Oklahoma City, OK - - 2014
Growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 regulate the development and function of cells throughout the body. Several clinical diseases that result in a decline in physical and mental function are marked by mutations that disrupt GH or IGF-1 signaling. During the lifespan there is a robust decrease in ...
Gerritsen L L Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics,Karolinska - - 2014
Psychosocial stress has been related to changes in the nervous system, with both adaptive and maladaptive consequences. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of negative events experienced throughout the entire lifespan and hippocampal and amygdala volumes in older adults. In 466 non-demented old adults (age range ...
Kiapour Ata M AM Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, - - 2014
Animal models have long been considered an important modality for studying ACL injuries. However, to our knowledge, the value of these preclinical models to study sex-related phenomena associated with ACL injury and recovery has not been evaluated. We asked whether (1) prominent anatomic and (2) biomechanical factors differ between female ...
Ahmed A A - - 2014
Accumulating research supports the neuroprotective effects of pomegranate (Punicagranatum) juice and extracts against Alzheimer's disease (AD) but there is limited data available in animal models. Here we investigated the effects of standardized pomegranate extract (PE)on AD pathology in an aged transgenic AD animal model (R1.40).The mice (age 24-30 months) received ...
Sonani Ravi Raghav RR BRD School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel University, Vadtal Road, Satellite Campus, Post Box No- 39, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, 388 120, - - 2014
In the present study, we tested the antioxidant activity of phycoerythrin (PE, an oligomeric light harvesting protein isolated from Lyngbya sp. A09DM) to curtail aging effects in Caenorhabditis elegans. Purified PE (100 μg/ml) dietary supplement was given to C. elegans and investigated for its anti-aging potential. PE treatment improved the mean ...
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