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Van den Bergh Bea R H BR Department of Psychology, Tilburg University, Warandelaan 2, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands, - - 2015
The long-lasting effects of fetal exposure to early life influences (ELI) such as maternal anxiety, stress, and micronutrient deficiencies as well as mediating and moderating factors are quite well established in animal studies, but remain unclear in humans. Here, we report about effects on cognition, behavior, and emotion in offspring ...
Padua Michael V MV Department of Biology, University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557, - - 2014
Maternal inheritance of mitochondria creates a sex-specific selective sieve with implications for male longevity, disease susceptibility and infertility. Because males are an evolutionary dead end for mitochondria, mitochondrial mutations that are harmful or beneficial to males but not females cannot respond directly to selection. Although the importance of this male/female ...
Andrade Leonardo F LF Psychology Department, Westfield State University, 577 Western Avenue, Westfield, MA - - 2014
Numerous studies show that individuals with substance use and gambling problems discount delayed and probabilistic outcomes at different rates than controls. Few studies, however, investigated the association of discounting with antisocial personality disorders (ASPD), and none evaluated whether sex impacts these relationships. Because females with ASPD exhibit different patterns of ...
Chen Chih-Jung CJ Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan. - - 2014
We prepared Ag-Si microflowers as the photocathode for water splitting through a facile chemical method. The photocurrent and the hydrogen evolution rate of partially Ag particle decorated-Si microwires were enhanced through the synergistic effects of Ag co-catalytic and plasmonic assistance.
Apori Samuel Obeng SO Department of Animal Science, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, - - 2014
A study on the growth and reproductive performance of two rabbit breeds was undertaken. Data on 588 kits and 97 does of California White and 574 kits and 90 does of New Zealand White rabbits reared under hot and humid environment in Ghana were taken. The reproductive performance of the ...
Yuan Kai - - 2014
A silver nanoparticles decorated graphene oxide (GO-Ag NPs) nanocomposite with surface plasmon resonance (SPR) effect was inherited to improve the performance of polymer solar cells (PSCs). The GO-Ag NPs was fabricated in situ via ultraviolet (UV) irradiation (254 nm) of GO and AgNO3 mixture aqueous solution. The photoexcited GO accelerated ...
Fitzpatrick John L JL Computational and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PT, UK; Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Animal Biology, University of Western Australia, WA, 6009, - - 2014
In many species the negative fitness effects of inbreeding have facilitated the evolution of a wide range of inbreeding avoidance mechanisms. While avoidance mechanisms operating prior to mating are well documented, evidence for postcopulatory mechanisms of inbreeding avoidance remain scarce. Here, we examine the potential for paternity biases to favour ...
Liao Shu-Yi SY Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, - - 2014
Background Few longitudinal studies have been conducted on occupational exposure and lung function. This study investigated occupational dust exposure effects on lung function and whether genetic variants influence such effects. Methods The study population (1,332 participants) was from the Framingham Heart Study, in which participant lung function measures were available ...
Conradt Elisabeth E The University of - - 2014
Children chronically exposed to stress early in life are at increased risk for maladaptive outcomes, though the physiological mechanisms driving these effects are unknown. Cortisol reactivity was tested as a mediator of the relation between prenatal substance exposure and/or early adversity on adaptive and maladaptive outcomes. Data were drawn from ...
Leonova Tatiana A TA Counseling-diagnostic Department of thyroid diseases, Minsk City Clinical Oncologic Dispensary, Minsk 220013, - - 2014
Long-term management of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) commonly includes TSH-suppressive therapy with L-T4 and, in case of postsurgical hypoparathyroidism, Calcium-D3 supplementation, both of which may affect skeletal health. Experience with female patients treated for DTC at a young age and who were then receiving long-term therapy with L-T4 ...
Sturgeon John A - - 2014
This study examined the relationships between daily negative financial events and positive and negative interpersonal events, as well as the moderating effects of life circumstances, for a sample of 182 adults between the age of 40 and 65 providing 30 days of diary data collected between 2008 and 2011. There ...
Westerhof Gerben J - - 2014
Evidence is accumulating on the effects of subjective aging-that is, how individuals perceive their own aging process-on health and survival in later life. The goal of this article is to synthesize findings of existing longitudinal studies through a meta-analysis. A systematic search in PsycInfo, Web of Science, Scopus, and Pubmed ...
Gasparini Clelia C Centre for Evolutionary Biology, School of Animal Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia - - 2014
Sperm senescence can have important evolutionary implications due to its deleterious effects on sperm quality and offspring performance. Consequently, it has been argued that polyandry (female multiple mating) may facilitate the selection of younger, and therefore competitively superior, sperm when ejaculates from multiple males compete for fertilization. Surprisingly, however, unequivocal ...
Ronca April E AE 1 Space Biosciences Research Branch, NASA Ames Research Center , Mountainview, - - 2014
Abstract In this report, sex/gender research relevant to reproduction on Earth, in conjunction with the extant human and animal observations in space, was used to identify knowledge gaps and prioritize recommendations for future sex- and gender-specific surveillance and monitoring of male and female astronauts. With overall increased durations of contemporary ...
Ryo Koufuchi K Department of Pathology, Tsurumi University School of Dental Medicine, 2-1-3 Tsurumi, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-8501, - - 2014
Dry mouth, which is characterized by decreased salivation, has a number of causes; the involvement of estrogen has been suggested as symptoms typically develop in middle-aged females. However, there is a lack of consensus regarding the treatment of this condition. Soy isoflavones, a subgroup of flavonoids, are abundantly found in ...
Bauermeister Sarah S Institute of Psychological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds, UK. - - 2014
To examine whether aerobic fitness moderated age differences in within-person reaction time variability (WP RT variability) and given conceptual linkage involving the frontal cortex, whether effects were mediated by executive function. Aerobic fitness (estimated VO2max) and WP RT variability were investigated in 225 healthy, community-dwelling adults aged 50-90 years (M ...
Reid Jane M JM Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, School of Biological Sciences, Zoology Building, University of Aberdeen, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, Scotland. - - 2014
Extra-pair reproduction is widely hypothesised to allow females to avoid inbreeding with related socially-paired males. Consequently, numerous field studies have tested the key predictions that extra-pair offspring are less inbred than females' alternative within-pair offspring, and that the probability of extra-pair reproduction increases with a female's relatedness to her socially-paired ...
Peels Denise A - - 2014
Physical inactivity is a significant predictor of several chronic diseases, becoming more prevalent as people age. Since the aging population increases demands on healthcare budgets, effectively stimulating physical activity (PA) against acceptable costs is of major relevance. This study provides insight into long-term health outcomes and cost-effectiveness of a tailored ...
Lee Dongyeop D Department of Life Sciences, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang, Gyeongbuk, South - - 2014
Nutrients including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins, and minerals regulate various physiological processes and are essential for the survival of organisms. Reduced overall caloric intake delays aging in various organisms. However, the role of each nutritional component in the regulation of lifespan is not well established. In this review, we describe ...
Opdal Anders Frugård AF Hjort Centre for Marine Ecosystem Dynamics, Uni Research, PO Box 7810, 5020, Bergen, - - 2014
Harvesting may be a potent driver of demographic change and contemporary evolution, which both may have great impacts on animal populations. Research has focused on changes in phenotypic traits that are easily quantifiable and for which time series exist, such as size, age, sex, or gonad size, whereas potential changes ...
Dinno Alexis A School of Community Health, Portland State University, PO Box 751-SCH, Portland, OR, 97207-0751, USA, - - 2014
In the recent Demography article titled "The Effect of Same-Sex Marriage Laws on Different-Sex Marriage: Evidence From the Netherlands," Trandafir attempted to answer the question, Are rates of opposite sex marriage affected by legal recognition of same-sex marriages? The results of his approach to statistical inference-looking for evidence of a ...
Lehnert M M Institute of Prevention and Occupational Medicine, German Social Accident Insurance (IPA), Institute of the Ruhr-University Bochum, 1 Bürkle-de-la-Camp-Platz, 44789, Bochum, Germany, - - 2014
The association between exposure to welding fume and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been insufficiently clarified. In this study we assessed the influence of exposure to welding fume on lung function parameters. We investigated forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV1/FVC, and expiratory flow ...
Lione Roberta R *Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", - - 2014
Summary OBJECTIVE : To analyze the effects on vertical dentoskeletal dimension produced by cervical headgear (CHG) or Pendulum (P) both followed by full fixed appliances in growing patients with Class II malocclusion. The CHG group (CHGG) consisted of 40 patients (25 females, 15 males) with a mean age of 11.5 ...
Pugliese Giuseppe G Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, "La Sapienza" University, 00189 Rome, - - 2014
Galectin-3 has been increasingly recognized as an important modulator of several biological functions, by interacting with several molecules inside and outside the cell, and an emerging player in numerous disease conditions. Galectin-3 exerts various and sometimes contrasting effects according to its location, type of injury, or site of damage. Strong ...
Lu Fangyuan F State Key Laboratory for Superlattices and Microstructures, Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 912, Beijing100083 - - 2014
High-quality Bi2 S3 nanowires are synthesized by chemical vapor deposition and their intrinsic photoresponsive and field-effect characteristics are explored in detail. Among the studied Au-Au, Ag-Ag, and Au-Ag electrode pairs, the device with stepwise band alignment of asymmetric Au-Ag electrodes has the highest mobility. Furthermore, it is shown that light ...
Chase Jo-Ana D JA Sinclair School of Nursing, University of Missouri, Columbia. - - 2014
To determine the overall effectiveness of interventions designed to increase physical activity (PA) behavior among community-dwelling older adults. Comprehensive literature searching identified eligible PA intervention studies among community-dwelling adults aged 65 and older, or sample mean age of 70. Diverse study characteristics were extracted and outcome data were duplicate coded. ...
Bécares Laia L Centre on Dynamics of Ethnicity, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies among US Latinos provide the most consistent evidence of ethnic density effects. However, most studies conducted to date have focused on Mexican Americans, and it is not clear whether ethnic density effects differ across Latino sub-groups, generational status, or measures of ethnic density. In addition, the mechanisms behind ethnic ...
Lara Jose - - 2014
BackgroundThere is a need for development of more effective interventions to achieve healthy eating, enhance healthy ageing, and to reduce the risk of age-related diseases. The aim of this study was to identify the behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used in complex dietary behaviour change interventions and to explore the association ...
Choi Ji-Kyung JK Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated a triple transgene Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model that recapitulates many of the neurochemical, anatomic, pathologic and behavioral defects seen in human AD. We studied the mice as a function of age and brain region and investigated potential therapy with the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy ...
Ashpole Nicole M NM Reynolds Oklahoma Center on Aging, Donald W. Reynolds Department of Geriatric Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 975 NE 10th Street, SLY-BRC 1303, Oklahoma City, OK - - 2014
Growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 regulate the development and function of cells throughout the body. Several clinical diseases that result in a decline in physical and mental function are marked by mutations that disrupt GH or IGF-1 signaling. During the lifespan there is a robust decrease in ...
Gerritsen L L Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics,Karolinska - - 2014
Psychosocial stress has been related to changes in the nervous system, with both adaptive and maladaptive consequences. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of negative events experienced throughout the entire lifespan and hippocampal and amygdala volumes in older adults. In 466 non-demented old adults (age range ...
Kiapour Ata M AM Sports Medicine Research Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, - - 2014
Animal models have long been considered an important modality for studying ACL injuries. However, to our knowledge, the value of these preclinical models to study sex-related phenomena associated with ACL injury and recovery has not been evaluated. We asked whether (1) prominent anatomic and (2) biomechanical factors differ between female ...
Ahmed A A - - 2014
Accumulating research supports the neuroprotective effects of pomegranate (Punicagranatum) juice and extracts against Alzheimer's disease (AD) but there is limited data available in animal models. Here we investigated the effects of standardized pomegranate extract (PE)on AD pathology in an aged transgenic AD animal model (R1.40).The mice (age 24-30 months) received ...
Sonani Ravi Raghav RR BRD School of Biosciences, Sardar Patel University, Vadtal Road, Satellite Campus, Post Box No- 39, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, 388 120, - - 2014
In the present study, we tested the antioxidant activity of phycoerythrin (PE, an oligomeric light harvesting protein isolated from Lyngbya sp. A09DM) to curtail aging effects in Caenorhabditis elegans. Purified PE (100 μg/ml) dietary supplement was given to C. elegans and investigated for its anti-aging potential. PE treatment improved the mean ...
Völker Carolin C Institute for Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, Goethe University Frankfurt am Main , Frankfurt am Main , - - 2014
Abstract A range of studies has addressed possible environmental impacts of nanosilver, but most focused on acute effects in few species. Moreover, it remains unclear if toxic effects are particle-specific or mediated by released silver ions. We investigated chronic effects of nanosilver and soluble silver (AgNO3) on the freshwater bivalve ...
Crean Angela J AJ Evolution and Ecology Research Centre and School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, - - 2014
Newly discovered non-genetic mechanisms break the link between genes and inheritance, thereby also raising the possibility that previous mating partners could influence traits in offspring sired by subsequent males that mate with the same female ('telegony'). In the fly Telostylinus angusticollis, males transmit their environmentally acquired condition via paternal effects ...
Bowers E Keith EK Behavior, Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics Section, School of Biological Sciences, Illinois State University, Normal, IL, 61790-4120, - - 2014
A major component of sex-allocation theory, the Trivers-Willard Model (TWM), posits that sons and daughters are differentially affected by variation in the rearing environment. In many species, the amount of parental care received is expected to have differing effects on the fitness of males and females. When this occurs, the ...
Lorio S S LREN, Dept. of Clinical Neurosciences, CHUV, University of Lausanne, Lausanne - - 2014
Evidence from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies shows that healthy aging is associated with profound changes in cortical and subcortical brain structures. The reliable delineation of cortex and basal ganglia using automated computational anatomy methods based on T1-weighted images remains challenging, which results in controversies in the literature. In this ...
Liu P P Institute of Animal Nutrition, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate age-related changes and the effect of dietary Zn concentration on morphological and immunological characteristics in the gastrointestinal tract of piglets. A total of 96 purebred Landrace piglets were weaned at the age of 26 ± 1 d, and randomly allocated into 3 ...
Miller M W MW Department of Psychiatry, National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with elevated risk for a variety of age-related diseases and neurodegeneration. In this paper, we review evidence relevant to the hypothesis that chronic PTSD constitutes a form of persistent life stress that potentiates oxidative stress (OXS) and accelerates cellular aging. We provide an overview ...
Oates Jennifer M JM Department of Human Communication Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, La Trobe University, Victoria, - - 2014
This review addresses speech therapy interventions for older adults experiencing voice impairments. The prevalence, impact, and nature of voice impairments in older people are outlined. Intervention methods and their effectiveness are discussed, with particular focus on behavioral treatments for presbyphonia. The strength of current evidence is discussed and recommendations for ...
Jégo M M Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, UMR CNRS 5558, 43 bd du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France; Université de Lyon, VetAgroSup, 1 Avenue Bourgelat, 69280 Marcy l'étoile, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies of the impact of parasites on host performance have mainly focused on body mass, a phenotypic trait that responds relatively slowly to the presence of parasites, and the expectedly faster response of physiological parameters has been mostly overlooked. We filled the gap by measuring the impact of endoparasites on ...
Steinman M Q MQ Molecular, Cellular and Integrative Physiology Graduate Group, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA; Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Vasopressin signaling has important effects on the regulation of social behaviors and stress responses, and is considered a promising pathway to target for new therapeutics of stress-induced psychiatric disorders. Although there is evidence for sex differences in the behavioral effects of arginine vasopressin (AVP), few data have directly compared the ...
Newcomb Lucas B - - 2014
The origin of the odd-even effect in properties of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), and/or in technologies derived from them, is poorly understood. We report that hydrophobicity, and hence surface wetting of SAM, is dominated by the nature of the substrate (surface roughness and identity) and SAM tilt angle, which influences surface ...
Li Yang Y Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, College of Chemistry, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, P. R. - - 2014
Unique Ag2 S-Ag heterostructured nanobowl arrays consisting of Ag2 S nanonets lying on Ag nanobowl arrays are fabricated by two-step nanosphere lithography at the gas-liquid interface. These Ag2 S-Ag heterostructured nanobowl arrays exhibit effective resistance switching behaviors and enhanced photoresponses, showing potential application in both electric devices and photocatalysis.
Mytton Graham J GJ Department for Sport and Tourism, Sunderland College, - - 2014
Previous literature has presented pacing data of groups of competition finalists. The aim of this study was to analyse the pacing patterns displayed by medallists and non-medallists in international competitive 400-m swimming and 1500-m running finals. Split times were collected from 48 swimming finalists (four 100-m laps) and 60 running ...
Ross Alex A Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, School of Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, New - - 2014
Anthropometrical and physical characteristics have been used to distinguish players of different competition levels and position groups; however, there is no literature within rugby sevens. The purpose of this study was to compare the anthropometrical and physical characteristics of international and provincial rugby sevens players and between forwards and backs. ...
Jiang Heng H Turning Point, Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
This study aims to apply time series analysis techniques to examine the effects of random breath testing (RBT) on three age-specific traffic fatalities in four Australian states while considering the effects of lowering the minimum legal drinking age (MLDA). Long-term time series of age-specific traffic crash deaths in four Australian ...
Tipnis Rima A RA Department of Health and Sport Science, University of Dayton, 300 College Park Center, Dayton, OH 45469, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lateral foot wedges represent a biomechanical intervention aimed at reducing medial knee loads. However, the effects of varying wedge amounts on biomechanical variables and orthotic comfort have not been systematically studied. Further, arch height may influence the comfort of laterally wedged devices. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was ...
Créac'h Christelle C Pain Center & Department of Neurology, CHU Saint-Etienne, 42055, Saint-Etienne, France; Central Integration of Pain Lab, INSERM U1028 &UMR 5292, Centre for Neuroscience of Lyon, - University Claude Bernard of Lyon & University Jean Monnet, 42023, Saint-Etienne, - - 2014
Introduction: Aging has been reported to reduce the amplitude of laser evoked potentials. However, it is unknown whether this effect depends on the length of the sensory fibers. This is an important issue, since most painful neuropathies are length-dependant. Methods: We conducted a study of 40 healthy subjects, half of ...
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