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Namjoshi Gajanan S GS MSD Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd, Mumbai, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) in outpatient setting in India is not fully understood. A prospective study was undertaken to describe RVGE among Indian children less than 5 years of age presenting in outpatient departments with acute gastroenteritis (AGE). This study was conducted at 11 outpatient departments (OPDs) of private ...
Zhang Fei-Fei FF School of Civil Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, - - 2014
Roxarsone (3-nitro-4-hydroxy benzene arsenic acid) is an organoarsenic feed additive and has been widely used in the poultry industry to prevent coccidiosis and improve feed efficiency. The presence of roxarsone and its degradation products results in the instability of the anaerobic methanogenic process. This study investigated the degradation and speciation ...
Waldmann Elisabeth E Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria, - - 2014
An endoscopists adenoma detection rate (ADR) of less than 20 % correlates with high risk for occurrence of interval cancer. The impact of high-definition (HD) imaging on the ADR is discussed controversially. We aimed to investigate whether detection rates of individual endoscopists increase within 1 year before and 1 year after the switch ...
Navascues-Cornago Maria M Eurolens Research, Faculty of Life Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United - - 2014
The aim of this study was to map the sensitivity of the marginal and other conjunctival regions and to investigate changes in the sensitivity of these regions when determined in the morning and evening. Thirty-five healthy, noncontact lens wearers (20 female, 15 male; age 27.7 ± 7.3 years) were enrolled. ...
Mesic Aner A Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and - - 2014
The cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome (CBMN-Cyt) assay was developed as a system for evaluating DNA damage, cytostasis, and cytotoxicity. The aim of the present study was to estimate levels of micronuclei (MNi), nucleoplasmic bridges (NPBs), nuclear buds (NBUDs), cell death (apoptosis/necrosis), nuclear division index, and nuclear division cytotoxicity index values in ...
Waye Andrew - - 2014
A 5-day fathead minnow (FHM) spawning assay is used by industry to monitor pulp mill effluent quality, with some mill effluents capable of completely inhibiting spawning. The purpose of this report is to characterize the effect of an inhibitory effluent on egg and milt production in FHM. Eight tanks were ...
Tebruegge Marc M Academic Unit of Clinical & Experimental Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Institute of Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UKDepartment of Paediatric Infectious Diseases & Immunology, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK Southampton NIHR Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, UK Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia - - 2014
Results from 3263 QuantiFERON-TB Gold-in-Tube (QFT-GIT) assays were analyzed to determine the impact of age on test performance. The proportion of indeterminate results was significantly higher in pediatric and elderly (9.1% and 7.4%, respectively), than in adult patients (2.6%; chi-quare p<0.0001). A detailed analysis of indeterminate QFT-GIT results is presented.
Varnell Charles D CD Jr Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, - - 2014
Our study was developed to ascertain reference ranges of 11-dehydrothromboxane B2 (11-dhTXB2) in the urine of healthy pediatric subjects. Urine samples were analyzed using the AspirinWorks™ assay that measures levels of 11-dehydrothromboxane B2 . 128 individuals (2 months to 18 years) were identified as healthy and not receiving aspirin. When ...
Mr Pradeep P Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Pathology & Microbiology, AME'S Dental College, Hospital and Research Institute , Raichur, Karnataka, India - - 2014
Oral cancer is one of the most debilitating diseases afflicting mankind. Consumption of tobacco in various forms constitutes one of the most important etiological factors in initiation of oral cancer. When the focus of today's research is to determine early genotoxic changes in human cells, micronucleus (MN) assay provides a ...
Shen Li-Ming - - 2014
Recently, the development of optical probes for the assay of thiols, e.g., cysteine (Cys), homocysteine (Hcy) and glutathione (GSH), has been an active research area due to their biological significance. We have found that carbon dots (C-dots) exhibit direct reduction of Ag+ to elemental silver (Ag0) and the resulting Ag0 ...
Keith Scott Alexander SA Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 7129 Rangos Research Centre, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, 4401 Penn Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA - - 2014
A wealth of knowledge on the genetic mechanisms that govern aging has emerged from the study of mutants that exhibit enhanced longevity and exceptional resilience to adverse environmental conditions. In these studies, lifespan has been an excellent proxy for establishing the rate of aging, but it is not always correlated ...
Thomsen Lise L The Fertility Clinic, Viborg Hospital, Skive, - - 2014
It is well-documented that male overweight and obesity causes endocrine disorders that might diminish the male reproductive capacity; however, reports have been conflicting regarding the influence of male body mass index (BMI) on semen quality and the outcome of assisted reproductive technology (ART). The aim of this study was to ...
Davaasuren Anu A Department of Parasitology, National Center for Communicable Diseases, Ministry of Health, Ulaanbaatar 13374, Mongolia. ; Department of Parasitology, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Hokkaido 078-8510, - - 2014
Epidemiological situation of taeniasis in Mongolia was assessed based on mitochondrial DNA identification of the parasite species. Multiplex PCR was used on a total of 194 proglottid specimens of Taenia species and copro-PCR and loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays were utilized for detection of copro-DNA of 37 fecal samples from ...
Gautier Jean-Charles JC 1Sanofi R&D, Paris, - - 2014
Differences were examined between male and female Sprague-Dawley rats in basal levels of a wide range of urinary biomarkers, including 7 recently qualified biomarkers. The data were generated from urine samples collected on 3 occasions from untreated rats included in a study of the effect of gentamicin nephrotoxicity on urinary ...
Zhang Zheng - - 2014
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) have been proposed as an ideal autologous stem cell source for cell-based therapy for myocardial infarction (MI). However, decreased viability and impaired function of aged MSCs hampered the therapeutic efficacy of engrafted MSCs, and the underlying mechanisms remain unclarified. Here, we investigated the role ...
Polanowski Andrea M AM Australian Antarctic Division, 203 Channel Highway, Kingston, TAS, 7050, - - 2014
Age is a fundamental aspect of animal ecology, but is difficult to determine in many species. Humpback whales exemplify this as they have a lifespan comparable to humans, mature sexually as early as four years and have no reliable visual age indicators after their first year. Current methods for estimating ...
Bidlingmaier Martin M Endocrine Research Laboratories (M.Bid., M.Bie.), Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik IV, Klinikum der Universität München, 80336 Munich, Germany; Metabolic Center (N.F., H.W.), Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, University Medicine Greifswald, Germany; Helmholtz Zentrum München-German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH) (R.T.E., A.D.), Institute of Epidemiology II, Neuherberg, Germany; Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition (J.S., A.F.H.P., A.M.A.), Charité-University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany; Experimental and Clinical Research Center (J.S.), Charité-University Medicine Berlin and Max-Delbrück Centre Berlin-Buch, Berlin, Germany; Center for Cardiovascular Research (J.S., A.M.A.), Charité-University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany; Children's Clinic Randers (O.D.W.), Randers, Denmark; Göteborg Pediatric Growth Research Center (J.R.), The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Center for Pediatric Research (A.K.), Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Department of Women's and Child Health, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany; Klinische Abteilung und Labor für Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel (B.O.-P.), Universitätsklinik für Innere Medizin, Medizinische Universität Graz, Austria; Klinik und Poliklinik für Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe-Grosshadern (C.H.), Klinikum der Universität München, Munich, Germany; Medical Research Laboratory (J.F.), Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine (J.F.), Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark; and Department of Clinical Nutrition (A.F.H.P., A.M.A.), German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke, Nuthetal, - - 2014
Context: Measurement of IGF-1 is a cornerstone in diagnosis and monitoring of GH-related diseases, but considerable discrepancies exist between analytical methods. A recent consensus conference defined criteria for validation of IGF-1 assays and for establishment of normative data. Objectives: Our objectives were development and validation of a novel automated IGF-1 ...
Stump Donald G DG Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology, WIL Research Laboratories, LLC, Ashland, - - 2014
The male and female pubertal assays, which are included in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program (EDSP) Tier 1 battery, can detect endocrine-active compounds operating by various modes of action. This article uses the collective experience of three laboratories to provide information on pubertal assay conduct, ...
Peck George W GW Vector Control Department, Entomology Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring,MD 20910, - - 2014
We tested an immunomarking system that used egg white as marker and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay as a detection assay to characterize face fly (Musca autumnalis DeGeer) dispersal from cow pats in a pastured beef cattle operation. In microcage assays, adult flies acquired marker after contact with cow pats that were ...
Sisterson Mark S - - 2014
A method to improve an assay relating adult feeding to egg maturation by the glassy-winged sharpshooter (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) was evaluated. The assay consisted on confining females to cowpea stems and quantifying feeding and egg maturation. Feeding was quantified by measuring excreta production. The number of eggs matured during the assay ...
Zhang Wei-Guang WG Department of Nephrology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Chinese PLA Institute of Nephrology, State Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases, National Clinical Research Center of Kidney Diseases, Beijing, - - 2014
To investigate the relationship between telomere length in peripheral blood white cells and cardiovascular function in a healthy, aging Han Chinese population. In 2012, peripheral blood leukocytes were obtained from 139 healthy individuals in Beijing, China, and telomere restriction fragment (TRF) length was assayed using a digoxigenin-labeled hybridization probe in ...
Friedrich Nele N Metabolic Center (N.F., H.W.), Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, and Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (H.J.G.), University Medicine Greifswald, D-17475 Greifswald, Germany; Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (H.J.G.), Helios Hospital Stralsund, D-18437 Stralsund, Germany; Children's Clinic Randers (O.D.W.), DK-8900 Randers, Denmark; Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Nutrition (A.M.A., J.S., A.F.H.P.) and Center for Cardiovascular Research (A.M.A., J.S.), Charité-University Medicine Berlin, D-10117 Berlin, Germany; Department of Clinical Nutrition (A.M.A., A.F.H.P.), German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke, D-14558 Nuthetal, Germany; Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen-German Research Center for Environmental Health (R.T.E., A.D.), Institute of Epidemiology II, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany; Experimental and Clinical Research Center (J.S.), Charité-University Medicine Berlin and Max-Delbrück Centre Berlin-Buch, D-13125 Berlin, Germany; Göteborg Pediatric Growth Research Center (J.R., J.D.), The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, SE-41685 Gothenburg, Sweden; Institut für Laboratoriumsmedizin (J.K.), Klinische Chemie, Molekulare Diagnostik, University of Leipzig, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany; Klinik und Poliklinik für Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe-Großhadern (C.H.), Klinikum der Universität München, D-81377 Munich, Germany; Endocrine Research Laboratories (M.B., M.B.), Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik IV, Klinikum der Universität München, D-80336 Munich, Germany; and Medical Research Laboratory (J.F.), Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health, Aarhus University, and Department of Endocrinology and Internal Medicine (J.F.), Aarhus University Hospital, DK-8000 C Aarhus, - - 2014
Measurement of IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) can aid the diagnosis of GH-related diseases. Furthermore, epidemiological studies suggest that IGFBP-3 and the molar IGF-I to IGFBP-3 ratio are associated with clinical end points like cancer or cardiovascular disease. However, their clinical use is limited by the lack of validated reference intervals. The ...
Gore M Odette MO Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
To determine the 99(th) percentile upper reference limit for the highly sensitive cardiac troponin T assay (hs-cTnT) in three large independent cohorts. The presently recommended 14 ng/L cutpoint for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction using the hs-cTnT assay was derived from small studies of presumably healthy individuals, with relatively little ...
Wang Xinfeng X 1Shandong Provincial Chest Hospital, Lab Medicine , Jinan , - - 2014
This study was performed aiming to evaluate the sensitivity of T-SPOT.TB assay in diagnosis of pediatric TB and investigate the association between age and results of T-SPOT.TB assay. Between March 2012 and September 2013, 102 patients, who aged ≤15 years old, were enrolled in this retrospective study and then were grouped ...
Wang Yuling Y Faculty of Chemistry and Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CENIDE), University of Duisburg-Essen, Universitaetsstr. 5, D-45141 Essen, Germany. - - 2014
Rapid parallel detection of two cytokines (IL-6 and IL-8) with femtogram sensitivity in a simple direct dot-blot assay is demonstrated. The microspectroscopic SERS acquisition scheme employs rationally designed, hydrophilically stabilized Au-Ag nanoshells as SERS labels, which are optimized for signal enhancement upon red laser excitation.
Aldrete Alfonso N García AN Departamento de Zoología, Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 70-153, 04510 México, D. F. MÉXICO.; Email: - - 2014
Acantholachesilla saltoensis gen. et sp. n. is described from Valle del Cauca, Colombia, in the Lachesillidae, tribe Graphocaeciliini (Eolachesillinae). The genus is related to Dagualachesilla and Dagualachesilloides that occur in the same area, differing from them in the male clunial projection, phallosome, and female subgenital plate and gonapophyses.
Hong Mei-Lan ML State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Bio-sensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan - - 2014
A label-free fluorescent assay for the detection of trypsin by using oligonucleotide-templated silver nanoclusters (Ag NCs) and cytochrome c (Cyt c) has been demonstrated. When negatively charged Ag NCs and positively charged Cyt c are mixed, they tend to form a hybrid complex, and then lead the fluorescence of Ag ...
Fan Lie Ying LY Department of Clinical Laboratory, Shanghai East Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, - - 2013
High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) assay is used in the diagnosis and risk assessment of patients with symptoms of myocardial infarction. This study was undertaken to establish an age-specific 99th percentile cutoff value for hs-cTnT in Chinese population, and to evaluate its potential for early prediction of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial ...
Laffon Blanca B Toxicology Unit, Department of Psychobiology, University of A Coruña, Edificio de Servicios Centrales de Investigación, Campus Elviña s/n, 15071- A Coruña, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
The accident with the oil tanker Prestige in November 2002 resulted in a major spill of about 63,000 tons of heavy fuel oil. More than 300,000 people participated in the clean-up activities, which lasted for up to 10 months. Previous studies reported increases in genotoxicity endpoints in individuals exposed to ...
Nelson Scott M SM School of Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop an optimal model and age-specific centiles for the decline in antimüllerian hormone (AMH) as measured by the new Beckman Coulter AMH Generation II (Gen II) assay and compare this to the previous nomogram derived for the Diagnostics Systems Laboratory (DSL) assay. Multicenter retrospective population study, with validation of ...
Veldhuis Johannes D - - 2013
Context.SHBG concentrations correlate inconsistently with metabolic parameters.Hypothesis.SHBG assay platforms contribute to nonuniformities in the literature.Design.Noninterventional quantification of SHBG by 2 immuno- and 2 mass-spectrometric assays, and abdominal visceral fat (AVF) by CT scan.Setting.Center for Translational Science Activities (CTSA).Participants.Healthy men (N=120) ages 18-80 yr with BMI 20-43 kg/m(2).Outcomes.Correlation of log SHBG ...
Martin M D MD Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250, - - 2013
In this study, female preferences and behavioural isolation were estimated in a pair of allopatric sister species, Etheostoma duryi and Etheostoma flavum. Dichotomous mate preference trials were conducted to determine whether females prefer to associate with conspecific over heterospecific males and free-spawning assays were conducted to determine whether those preferences ...
Ajitha B - - 2013
In this paper we report the green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) using Tephrosia purpurea leaf extract. The biomolecules present in the leaf extract are responsible for the formation of Ag NPs and they found to play dual role of both reducing as well as capping agents. The high ...
Chung Tae-Wook - - 2013
Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) play key roles in the development of diabetic vascular complications by activating the proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells. Here, we identified an increase of the migratory properties of human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMC) through AGE-induced expression of lipocalin-2 (LCN2). Because the AGE-elicited ...
Knudsen Cindy Soendersoe - - 2013
Abstract Background: Recently, measurement of amino terminal propeptide of type III procollagen (PIIINP) was introduced as a part of the hepatic cirrhotic marker enhanced liver fibrosis™ test on the automated ADVIA Centaur® immunoassay platform (Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics Inc., Tarrytown, NY, USA). In this article, we show that the Centaur PIIINP ...
Morovat Alireza - - 2013
Abstract Background: We carried out a technical evaluation of the Immunodiagnostic Systems (IDS) automated intact procollagen-I N-terminus propeptide (PINP) assay on the iSYS platform, and established reference intervals for PINP in both adults and children. Methods: Assay imprecision, recovery and interference were studied. Serum and plasma values were compared, and ...
Ayukekbong J A - - 2013
SUMMARY We studied the seasonal fluctuation of norovirus and other enteric viruses in Cameroon. Two hundred participants aged between 1 and 69 years were prospectively followed up. Each participant provided monthly faecal samples over a 12-month period. A total of 2484 samples were tested using multiplex real-time PCR assay for ...
Stufano F - - 2013
von Willebrand disease (VWD) is caused by a quantitative and/or qualitative deficiency of the von Willebrand factor (VWF). The laboratory diagnosis of VWD is dependent on the measurement of VWF antigen (VWF:Ag) and ristocetin cofactor activity (VWF:RCo). The aim of this study was to undertake a two-centre evaluation of two ...
Koerbin Gus - - 2013
Using objective laboratory and clinical criteria to more accurately determine the 99th percentile values for cardiac troponin I and T. We measured cardiac troponin T and cardiac troponin I with high-sensitiivty assays in a large cohort of apparently healthy community subjects and calculated 99th percentiles for different sexes and ages. ...
Hariri Fatemeh Zahra - - 2013
The objective of the current study was to translate and test psychometric properties of the Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool (PSST) in Iran. Using a standard "forward-backward" procedure, the English version of PSST was translated into Persian. A random sample of university students aged 18 years and over completed the questionnaire in ...
Nordfors Cecilia - - 2013
The rise in human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been suggested to be responsible for the increased incidence of oropharyngeal cancer in the Western world. This has boosted interest in oral HPV prevalence and whether HPV vaccines can prevent oral HPV infection. In a previous study we showed oral HPV prevalence ...
Wethington Holly - - 2013
Among school-aged youth, we sought to identify characteristics associated with (1) exceeding screen time recommendations (ie, television/videos/video games more than 2 hours/weekday), and (2) exceeding screen time recommendations, the presence of a television in the bedroom, and obesity. Using 2007 National Survey of Children's Health data, we used multivariable logistic ...
Jia Kun - - 2013
The effects of carbofuran toxicity on a genetically modified bacterial strain E. coli DPD2794 were enhanced using a new bioluminescent protocol which consisted of three consecutive steps: incubation, washing and luminescence reading. Specifically, in the first step, several concentrations of carbofuran aqueous solutions were incubated with different bacterial suspensions at ...
Siangcham Tanapan - - 2013
Neurotransmitters and neurohormones are agents that control gonad maturation in decapod crustaceans. Of these, serotonin (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) are neurotransmitters with known antagonist roles in female reproduction, whilst gonadotropin-releasing hormones (GnRHs) and corazonin (Crz) are neurohormones that exercise both positive and negative controls in some invertebrates. However, the effects ...
Petersmann Astrid - - 2013
Abstract Background: The IFCC Task Force on Clinical Applications of Cardiac Biomarkers suggests comparing several contemporary sensitive troponin assays in the same, sufficiently large reference population. Methods: Three contemporary sensitive assays were used to measure troponin I concentration in samples from a uniquely large healthy population (2404 individuals) and in ...
Gannagé-Yared Marie-Hélène - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Third generation parathyroid hormone (PTH) assays are new generation assays that do not recognize the PTH7-84 fragment whereas second generation assays detect both PTH1-84 and PTH7-84 fragments. Despite the excellent correlation between both assays in chronic renal failure (CRF) subjects, the mean PTH levels are typically 50% lower with ...
Regan Jamie J Unilever Global Skin Claims, Trumbull, - - 2013
To assess the properties of a novel body wash containing the mild surfactant glycinate. Biochemical and clinical assays. Research laboratories and clinical sites in the United States and Canada. Women 18 to 65 years of age (cleansing efficacy); male and female subjects 26 to 63 years of age with mild ...
Ginjupalli Gautam K GK Environmental Toxicology Program, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA. - - 2013
Pyriproxyfen is an insecticidal juvenile hormone analog that perturbs insect and tick development. Pyriproxyfen also alters parthenogenic reproduction in non-target cladoceran species as it induces male production that can lead to a decrease in fecundity, a reduction in population density, and subsequent ecological effects. In this study, we investigate the ...
Anderson Joseph C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: & Aims: The adenoma detection rate (ADR) is an important quality indicator originally developed for screening colonoscopies. However, it is unclear whether the ADR should be calculated using data from screening and surveillance examinations. The recommended benchmark ADR for screening examinations is 20% (15% for women and 25% for ...
Delves Michael J - - 2013
It is the mature gametocytes of Plasmodium that are solely responsible for parasite transmission from the mammalian host to the mosquito. They are therefore a logical target for transmission blocking antimalarial interventions which aim to break the cycle of re-infection and reduce the prevalence of malaria cases. Gametocytes however are ...
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