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Results 401 - 450 of 1284
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Lim May-Li - - 2010
There is a paucity of normative studies outside of North America and on elderly populations with very low education level. In the present study we examined the performance of poorly educated elderly on the Repeatable Battery Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) with 352 cognitively normal elderly Chinese persons living in ...
Biagi Elena - - 2010
[This corrects the article on p. e10667 in vol. 5.].
Ramirez Daniella D The University of Texas at San Antonio, - - 2010
Assessment of the predictive ability of the Mini-Mental Status Exam (MMSE) domains (orientation to time, orientation to place, registration, attention and calculation, recall, language, and visual construction) for falls in Mexican American elders tested the hypothesis that low MMSE domain scores are related to an increased number of falls. Data ...
Ndjinga Julie K - - 2010
Malaria is the most prominent disease in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) have been distributed free of charge since 2006 to combat the disease. However, the success of this bed net campaign depends on sufficient bed net use in all age groups. This ...
Wekre Lena Lande - - 2010
PURPOSES: To describe demographical variables, and to study functional ability to perform activities of daily life in adults with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). METHODS: Population-based study. Ninety-seven patients aged 25 years and older, 41 men and 56 women, were included. For the demographical variables, comparison was made to a matched control-group ...
Clarren Sterling K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) includes the facial dysmorphic feature of short palpebral fissures (PFs) and short PFs are a key physical marker for identifying children with FAS and some other rarer conditions. There is concern that normative data on PFs now available may not reflect all racial/ethnic groups and ...
- - 2010
Compared to five years ago, MGMA's membership has grown increasingly more educated, more female and yes, older.
Copeland William - - 2010
We examine the role that an exogenous increase in household income due to a government transfer unrelated to household characteristics plays in children's long run outcomes. Children in affected households have higher levels of education in their young adulthood and a lower incidence of criminality for minor offenses. Effects differ ...
Lutz Wolfgang - - 2010
Reconstructions and projections of populations by age, sex, and educational attainment for 120 countries since 1970 are used to assess the global relationship between improvements in human capital and democracy. Democracy is measured by the Freedom House indicator of political rights. Similar to an earlier study on the effects of ...
Coen Giorgio - - 2010
Heart and coronary calcifications in hemodialysis patients are of very common occurrence and linked to cardiovascular events and mortality. Several studies have been published with similar results. Most of them were mainly cross-sectional and some of the prospective protocols were aimed to evaluate the results of the control of altered ...
Sawicki Gregory S - - 2011
The aim of this study was to develop the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ), a measure of readiness for transition from pediatric to adult healthcare for youth with special health care needs (YSHCN). We administered TRAQ to 192 YSHCN aged 16-26 years in three primary diagnostic categories, conducted factor analysis, ...
Bellamy Nicholas - - 2010
AIM: To develop age- and gender-specific normative values for the physical function subscales of the WOMAC and AUSCAN Indices. METHODS: A scannable survey questionnaire capable of capturing WOMAC and AUSCAN Index and demographic information was developed, pre-tested, and distributed to a stratified random sample of 24,000 members of the Australian ...
Canavez Felipe Simões - - 2011
To evaluate the association between educational level and age at menopause, and to describe the potential mechanisms involved. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to evaluate this question. Educational level, which is considered one of the best socioeconomic indicators, was evaluated in this review as an exposure factor ...
Fernald Lia C H - - 2009
Mexico's conditional cash transfer programme, Oportunidades, was started to improve the lives of poor families through interventions in health, nutrition, and education. We investigated the effect of Oportunidades on children almost 10 years after the programme began. From April, 1998, to October, 1999, low-income communities were randomly assigned to be ...
Pereira Ana C - - 2010
Madeira wine has been studied with the main goal of acquiring a better understanding about the evolution of its properties over time. For that purpose, flexible and reliable data analysis tools were employed to characterize wines at different ageing stages, using flavour chromatography measurements. In this paper we present the ...
Albert Martin L ML Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Boston University, Boston, MA 02130, USA. - - 2009
To evaluate effects of health status on word-finding difficulty in aging, adjusting for the known contributors of education, sex, and ethnicity. Cross-sectional. Community. Two hundred eighty-four adults aged 55 to 85 (48.6% female) participating in an ongoing longitudinal study of language in aging. Medical, neurological, and laboratory evaluations to determine ...
Chara Paul J PJ - - 2009
12 survivors of the USS Emmons (M age = 81.3 yr., SD = 3.26), which was sunk by kamikaze attacks during World War II, were given an adapted form of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Civilian. Five of their wives (M age = 78.8 yr., SD = 3.42) and 16 of ...
Han MeiLan K MK University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5360, USA. - - 2009
COPD is a heterogeneous disorder with clinical assessment becoming increasingly multidimensional. We hypothesized HRCT phenotype would strongly influence clinical outcomes including health status, exacerbation frequency, and BODE. COPD subjects were characterized via the SF-12, SGRQ, MMRC, physiologic testing, and standardized volumetric chest HRCT. Visual semi-quantitative estimation of bronchial wall thickness ...
Hudon Carol - - 2009
ABSTRACTThis study was aimed at providing normative data for the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). The norms were built from a sample (n = 2409) of community-dwelling French speaking residents from Qu?bec aged 65 and older. The analyses indicated that socio-demographic variables such as education level, age, and gender of individuals ...
Schumacher Vera - - 2009
Education and cognitive activity have been suggested to protect against cognitive decline in old age. However, little is known about the long-term effects of extremely high levels of education and intellectual activity across the lifespan. The present study investigated the extent to which these two variables may moderate the age-related ...
Undheim Anne Mari - - 2009
As part of a larger follow-up study, 75 students were diagnosed with dyslexia at 10 years of age. At the end of secondary school, grades for the whole cohort of 16-year olds were examined. At age 23 the whole study group responded to a questionnaire and the subgroup with dyslexia ...
Cruz-Landeira Angelines - - 2010
Orthopantomographs taken from 308 Spanish Caucasian and 200 Venezuelan Amerindian children, aged between 2 and 18 years, were analysed following the Demirjian's method. The aims of this study were to test the applicability of the Demirjian's method to two different sample populations, and to develop age prediction models for both ...
Lindmark Ulrika - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Antonovsky's concept of ''sense of coherence'' (SOC) has been shown to be related to health. The aim of this study was to describe the distribution of SOC scores and their components in an adult Swedish population aged 20-80 years. METHODS: A random sample of 910 individuals from J?nk?ping, Sweden, ...
Castro-Costa Erico - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the validity of previously suggested dimensions underlying the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and differences in associations of these dimensions with sociodemographic and health characteristics in an older Latin-American community sample with low levels of education. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of baseline data from a population-based cohort study. SETTING: ...
Bloch Martin - - 2009
Very little data exists regarding the long-term aging performance of space-rated oscillators in the non-operating mode. This paper provides empirical evidence that may be used to estimate the performance of unpowered oscillators for long-term space missions, as well as an aid in validating the worst-case analyses that are routinely performed ...
Tahiroglu Aysegul Yolga - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the present study is to investigate the short-term cognitive effects of computer games in children with different psychiatric disorders and normal controls. METHOD: One hundred one children are recruited for the study (aged between 9 and 12 years). All participants played a motor-racing game on ...
Mercer Anne M - - 2010
A previous study performed in a predominately suburban population developed a breastfeeding assessment score (BAS) that was designed to predict, prior to hospital discharge, those mothers who would discontinue breastfeeding within the first 10 days of age. The purpose of the present study was to assess the BAS in a ...
Brooks Brian L - - 2009
The purpose of this study is to provide sophisticated psychometric information for advanced interpretation of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NAB) with older adults. This information includes the base rates of low scores, intellectual-cognitive discrepancy scores, and a method for determining change. The NAB contains 24 co-normed neurocognitive tests across five ...
Suanet Bianca - - 2009
The positive trend in volunteering among the Dutch young old may in part be due to a relatively favorable disposition to volunteer. Using data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam, volunteering rates of 55-64 year olds in 1992 and 2002 were compared and associated with (among others) three types of ...
Economou Alexandra - - 2009
The aim of this study was to examine discrepancies between immediate/delayed recall and recall/working memory in middle-aged and older persons by age and education. Participants were 322 healthy individuals from the community who were stratified into three age and three education groups. Immediate and delayed recall distributions of WMS-III Logical ...
Walker Alexandra J - - 2009
Despite the sensitivity of neuropsychological tests to educational level, improved diagnostic accuracy for demographically corrected scores has yet to be established. Diagnostic efficiency statistics of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III (WAIS-III) and Wechsler Memory Scale-III (WMS-III) indices that were corrected for education, sex, and age (demographically corrected) were compared with age ...
Kristensen Petter - - 2009
The life course perspective in social inequalities in health research has resulted in an increased interest in status attainment processes. Adult status is commonly measured as occupational class, income level or educational attainment, and the latter was applied in this study. The study objective was to estimate the relative contribution ...
Engel-Yeger Batya - - 2009
Children's success with participating in life depends heavily on intact executive function (EF) skills. The Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome for Children (BADS-C) was developed to address the need for a standardised ecologically valid test of children's EF performance. This study aimed to establish the construct validity of the ...
Choca James P - - 2009
The Spanish version of the third edition of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III) by TEA Ediciones is an excellent addition to available instruments for Spanish speakers. The Spanish norms function similarly to US norms for individuals aged 16-35. The norms become increasingly different for individuals 35 and older, seemingly ...
Moreira Irene de Freitas Henriques Ide - - 2009
This study aimed to estimate the quartile distribution on the cognitive assessment of normal elderly with low education as measured by the Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAMCOG). A sample of 292 elderly (> 65 years of age), screened for dementia and depression, were assessed using the CAMCOG. The CAMCOG scores of ...
Pradhan Balaram - - 2009
To establish the norms for the substitution task, a measure of psychomotor performance. Eight hundred and forty three school students were selected in the present study aged between 9-16 years (mean age = 12.14; SD = 1.77). Subjects were assessed one at a time for Digit-Letter Substitution Task (DLST). Both ...
Driver Christine - - 2009
Our study first determined what juveniles know about the juvenile court process. Second, it evaluated a DVD designed to be a systematic and simple way to improve this knowledge. A pre- and posttest design was used with two pilot samples and two samples from the population of interest. A sample ...
De Silva Ranil - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To derive norms for the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) based on age, gender and level of formal education among the elderly in Sri Lanka. METHOD: A validated Sinhalese version of the MMSE was administered to people aged 55 years and above residing in 14 randomly selected elders' homes. ...
Rodrigues Cavalcante Karla - - 2009
Limb praxis can be influenced by age, gender, and education. The present study investigated the influence of these variables on gesture production by healthy elderly subjects. We evaluated 96 individuals divided into two age groups (60-74 and 75-88 years). Each group contained 48 men and 48 women and was subdivided ...
Gokce Kutsal Yesim - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the polypharmacy issue and its correlations with socioeconomic variables in Turkish elderly patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional SETTING: Outpatient clinics of the medical schools, departments of physical medicine and rehabilitation from 12 provinces. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1430 elderly in different geographical regions ...
Kadan-Lottick Nina S - - 2009
In previous clinical trials of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), dexamethasone resulted in higher event-free survival rates than prednisone, presumably due to greater central nervous system penetration. Dexamethasone's association with long-term neurocognitive toxicity is unknown. In this multisite study, we measured neurocognitive functioning in 92 children with standard-risk ALL, 1 ...
Carthery-Goulart Maria Teresa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the scoring obtained by an instrument, which evaluates the ability to read and understand items in the health care setting, according to education and age. METHODS: The short version of the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults was administered to 312 healthy participants of different ages ...
McAnulty Gloria B GB Departments of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School and Children's Hospital Boston, 320 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
The current study reports the effects of NIDCAP (Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program) at 8 years of age for a randomized controlled trial of 38 very early born (< or =29 weeks postmenstrual age), high-risk preterm infants. It was hypothesized that the experimental group at school age in ...
Kasagi Fumiyoshi - - 2009
This study aimed to test whether scored biologic functions can predict individual life expectancies and to investigate the disease-related and time-related differences in evaluated associations. A biologic score was defined as the first principal component score of the five physiological tests. Study participants were 4,871 people aged 35-74 years at ...
Rougé-Maillart Clotilde - - 2009
Aging techniques that use the posterior or middle part of the pelvis are of interest because this part of the body is very resistant to decay. In a preliminary study, acetabular criteria correlated with age were isolated. In a second study, three acetabular criteria and four auricular surface criteria were ...
Chen Ying-Jen - - 2009
AIMS: The aims of the present study were to (i) investigate if traditional Chinese word reading ability can be used for estimating premorbid general intelligence; and (ii) to provide multiple regression equations for estimating premorbid performance on Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (RSPM), using age, years of education and Chinese Graded ...
Anandacoomarasamy Ananthila - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine health-related quality of life and fatigue measures in obese subjects and to compare scores with age- and gender-matched population norms. A total of 163 obese subjects were recruited from laparoscopic-adjustable gastric banding or exercise and diet weight loss programs between March 2006 ...
Mathiasen René - - 2009
AIM: To describe the socio economic achievement of individuals born very preterm (VPT) at the age of 27 to 29 years. METHOD: Demographic and social data were extracted from national registers for all individuals born between 1974 and 1976 in Denmark (n=208 656). Of these, 203 283 individuals were alive ...
Fidan Tulin - - 2010
Orthorexia is a new term about eating behavior disorder and consists of pathologic obsession for biologically pure foods, free of herbicides, pesticides, and other artificial substances. It is not an independent diagnostic category, but it has some similarities with other eating disorders. This study was conducted to examine the orthorexia ...
Zalonis Ioannis - - 2009
The Buschke Selective Reminding Test (SRT) measures verbal learning and memory during a multiple-trial list-learning task, which allows for analysis of encoding, storage, and retrieval data. This study of 443 healthy participants (ages 18 to 83 years with 3 to 18 years of education) presents normative data for the Greek ...
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