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Results 301 - 350 of 1284
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Hinks Timothy S C - - 2012
Background rates of latent tuberculosis infection in low prevalence regions of Britain are unknown. These would be valuable data for interpreting positive IGRA results, and guiding cost-benefit analyses. The management of a large outbreak of tuberculosis occurring in a rural district hospital provided an opportunity to determine the background rates ...
Kouda Katsuyasu K Department of Public Health, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka-Sayama, Osaka, Japan. - - 2012
A few studies reported an association between body weight during early childhood and body composition in later life, as measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA); however, none of those studies investigated an East Asian population. In a Japanese population, we examined the association between body weight at age 3 years ...
Schneider Birke - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated if there are gender differences in the manifestation of tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC). BACKGROUND: TTC predominantly occurs in elderly females and mimics acute myocardial infarction (AMI) where men and women are known to have a different clinical profile. METHODS: 324 patients from 37 hospitals were prospectively included ...
Na Yun Min - - 2011
Obesity increases the risk of many chronic diseases and contributes to functional disabilities. We assessed the relationship among obesity and obesity related chronic disease and disability in Korean adults. This study used data from the 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A total of 5,462 persons (2,325 men, ...
Chen Yun - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Limited data, especially from longitudinal studies, are available regarding vascular health assessment in childhood. In this study, we performed longitudinal and cross-sectional studies in healthy children and adolescents to investigate age- and sex-related differences in vascular functions and vascular response to mental stress. METHODS: Pulse wave velocity (PWV) was ...
Keenan Daniel M DM Department of Statistics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904, - - 2011
Homeostatic control of endocrine systems proceeds via feedforward (agonistic, stimulatory) and feedback (antagonistic, inhibitory) interactions mediated via implicit dose-response functions. However, neither the feedback/feedforward pathways nor the dose-response interfaces are directly observed in vivo. Thus, the goal was to formulate and estimate an ensemble construct of time-varying feedback/feedforward interactions among ...
McMahon Ann W - - 2011
Objective:To determine the risk, by age group, of serious asthma-related events with long-acting β(2)-adrenergic receptor agonists marketed in the United States for asthma.Methods:The US Food and Drug Administration performed a meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials comparing the risk of LABA use with no LABA use for patients 4 to 11, ...
Pitt Bertram - - 2011
Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) have been effective in reducing total mortality in patients with heart failure (HF) and a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Due to the finding that aldosterone levels decrease with age, one might question the effectiveness of MRAs in very old patients (≥80 years of age), those at ...
Jaja B N - - 2011
This study was conducted to determine normal ranges of sterno-mental distance (SMD) and thyromental distance (TMD) and to examine the relationship of these measurements to each other and the body mass index (BMI). The SMD, TMD and BMI were assessed in a total of 409 apparently healthy adult subjects comprising ...
Schutzer William E - - 2012
Hypertension, orthostatic hypotension, arterial insufficiency, and atherosclerosis are common disorders in the elderly that lead to significant morbidity and mortality. One common factor to these conditions is an age-related decline in vascular beta-adrenergic receptor-mediated function and subsequent cAMP generation. Presently, there is no single cellular factor that can explain this ...
van Oeffelen A A M - - 2011
To cite this article: van Oeffelen AAM, Bekkers MBM, Smit HA, Kerkhof M, Koppelman GH, Haveman-Nies A, van der A DL, Jansen EHJM, Wijga AH. Serum micronutrient concentrations and childhood asthma: the PIAMA birth cohort study. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2011: Doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2011.01190.x. ABSTRACT: Background:  Research suggests an influence of micronutrients ...
Hanania Nicola A - - 2011
Asthma in the elderly is underdiagnosed and undertreated, and there is a paucity of knowledge on the subject. The National Institute on Aging convened this workshop to identify what is known and what gaps in knowledge remain and suggest research directions needed to improve the understanding and care of asthma ...
Vitale Cristiana C Centre for Clinical and Basic Research, Department of Medical Sciences, IRCCS San Raffaele Pisana, Rome, Italy. - - 2011
Several drugs, including β-blockers (β-adrenoceptor antagonists), are largely under-utilized in older patients with cardiovascular disease. The aims of this study were to evaluate whether older patients (aged ≥65 years) with coronary artery disease (CAD) have a different pattern of use of β-blockers than younger adult patients (aged <65 years) and ...
Aryeetey Richmond - - 2011
The current study was designed to determine the age at which menarche occurs among school girls in Madina, Accra. A survey was conducted among 529 girls selected using multi-stage sampling from basic schools in Madina, Accra. Respondents completed a questionnaire that recorded age-at-first menstruation by recall, household characteristics, and anthropometry. ...
Tennant Peter W G - - 2011
Limited data is available concerning the sex distribution of various congenital anomaly subtypes. This study investigated sex differences in the prevalence of congenital anomalies, overall and by subtype, using high quality population-based data from the North of England. Information on congenital anomalies occurring among singleton pregnancies during 1985-2003 were extracted ...
Holoch Peter A - - 2011
Abstract Background and Purpose: Animal studies have demonstrated the likely role of oxidative tissue damage in the pathophysiology of stone disease; however, the effect of antioxidants on stone formation in the human population is unknown. We evaluated the association between serum antioxidant levels and the self-reported prevalence of kidney stones ...
Fleg Jerome L - - 2011
Important changes occur in the cardiovascular system with advancing age, even in apparently healthy individuals. Thickening and stiffening of the large arteries develop due to collagen and calcium deposition and loss of elastic fibers in the medial layer. These arterial changes cause systolic blood pressure to rise with age, while ...
Futamura Masaki - - 2011
Background: The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) has reported the prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases in many countries. Methods: We used the ISAAC core written questionnaire to examine the prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases in 6- to 14-year old schoolchildren in Tokyo. In 2005, ...
Torén Kjell - - 2011
The aim was to estimate the incidence rate of adult-onset asthma in relation to age, sex, smoking and occupational exposures. A random sample of 18,087 subjects aged 16-75 years was investigated using a respiratory questionnaire. Adult-onset asthma was defined as "physician-diagnosed" asthma with onset at or after 16 years of ...
Breidenassel Christina - - 2011
Background: An adequate nutritional status of antioxidant vitamins (vitamins A, C, E) and b-carotene is essential especially during childhood and adolescence, because of their important roles in cell growth and development. Currently, there are no physiological reference values for blood concentration of these vitamins and b-carotene in apparently healthy European ...
Nene Asmita S - - 2011
Reaction time is an indirect index of processing capabilities of the central nervous system. The present study was carried out to determine if there is any influence of body mass index on "simple reaction time in healthy young females. In this study, 60 young female participants were allotted to one ...
Imagama Shiro - - 2011
Study Design. Cross-sectional cohort study of elderly people.Objectives. The relationships of osteophyte formation on plain lumbar radiographs with serum levels of antioxidants (carotenoids, vitamin A, vitamin E) and other factors were investigated to examine if antioxidants are involved in lumbar spine degeneration.Summary of Background Data. Antioxidants have inhibitory effects on ...
Blomstedt Patric - - 2011
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an established treatment for essential tremor (ET). The nucleus ventralis intermedius thalami (Vim) is the target of choice, but promising results have been presented regarding DBS in the posterior subthalamic area (PSA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible influence of gender, ...
Schutzer William E - - 2011
A significant finding with aging humans (and aging animal models) is that blood vessels lose their ability to respond to beta-adrenergic receptor stimuli. Therefore, they produce less cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and have decreased vasorelaxation with advancing age. This change likely contributes to hypertension, insufficient blood flow, and atherosclerosis. Our ...
Hatzinger Martin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis reactivity (HPA AR) is the key indicator of the psychophysiological response to stress. The HPA AR may vary with age and gender. To investigate these factors concurrently, the aims of the present study were to observe HPA AR (plasma ACTH and plasma cortisol) in response to a ...
Holguin Fernando F Asthma Institute, Pulmonary Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. - - 2011
Studies of asthma phenotypes have identified obesity as a component of a group characterized by a high proportion of subjects with adult-onset asthma. However, whether age of asthma onset modifies the association between obesity and asthma is unknown. We sought to compare the associations between body mass index (BMI) categories ...
Heydari Seyed-Taghi - - 2011
Obesity is a common nutritional problem in both developed and developing countries. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweightness and obesity using both bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and body mass index (BMI). In this cross-sectional study, 288 healthy college students were selected. Socio-economic status questionnaires ...
Nikolaidis Pantelis Theodoros - - 2011
Although the contribution of physique and body composition in soccer performance was recognized, these parameters of physical fitness were not well-studied in adolescent players. Aim of this study was to investigate physique and body composition across adolescence. Male adolescents (N=297 aged 12.01-20.98 y), classified into nine one-year age-groups, child (control ...
Plaisance Benjamin R BR Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan, Hospitals and Health Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2011
This study sought to evaluate the effect of age on procedure type, periprocedural management, and in-hospital outcomes of patients undergoing lower-extremity (LE) peripheral vascular intervention (PVI). Surgical therapy of peripheral arterial disease is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in the elderly. There are limited data related to the influence ...
Hastan D D Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the - - 2011
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common health problem, with significant medical costs and impact on general health. Even so, prevalence figures for Europe are unavailable. In this study, conducted by the GA²LEN network of excellence, the European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and nasal Polyps (EP³OS) diagnostic criteria are applied to ...
Casagrande S - - 2011
Carotenoid-based skin colorations vary seasonally in many bird species and are thought to be honest sexually selected signals. In order to provide more insight in the potential signal function and underlying mechanisms of such colorations we here quantified patterns of variation of leg coloration in adult male and female Eurasian ...
Altunkaynak M E - - 2011
With 9 figures and 1 table SUMMARY: We studied with quantitative and microscopical methods the heart of rats divided into five age groups: embryos at the age of 11 days, fetuses at the age of 16 days and 20 days and also heart samples of 3-day-old pups and young adults (5 weeks of age) ...
Ahluwalia Sangeeta C SC VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA 90064, USA. - - 2011
Comorbidity-a condition that co-exists with a primary illness-is common among older persons with heart failure and can complicate the overall management of this population. To determine the relationship between advancing age and the prevalence and patterns of comorbidity among older persons with heart failure. Retrospective longitudinal cohort study A total ...
Olson Joshua H - - 2011
The prevalence of Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is increasing as the population of elderly in the United States grows. Currently the pathogenesis is not fully understood, however oxidative injury is felt to play a significant role. The Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) established that a supplemental combination of dietary antioxidants ...
Hamida Zied Haj - - 2011
The goal of the present study was to investigate the effect of 30 min of electrical stimulation on the activation of lipolysis in human white adipocytes. Two stimulation protocols (S1, S2) were conducted in vitro on isolated human white adipocytes. Subcutaneous adipose tissue was obtained from female subjects undergoing abdominal adipose ...
de Bildt Annelies - - 2011
The validity of the calibrated severity scores on the ADOS as reported by Gotham et al. (J Autism Dev Disord 39: 693-705, 2009), was investigated in an independent sample of 1248 Dutch children with 1455 ADOS administrations (modules 1, 2 and 3). The greater comparability between ADOS administrations at different ...
Stšepetova Jelena - - 2011
The present study aimed at assessing the counts and species distribution of intestinal lactobacilli and exploring if the data are associated with BMI and blood glucose level in healthy adults and elderly persons. The BMI (P < 0·01), the level of fasting blood glucose (P < 0·001) and the total counts of lactobacilli (P < 0·01 ...
Chung Ill-Min IM Department of Applied Life Science, College of Life and Environmental Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Republic of - - 2011
This study reports the effect of processing, fermentation, and aging treatment on the content and profile of 43 phenolic compounds in soybean seeds, soy curd (tofu), and soy paste (ChungGukJang, CGJ). Mean content of phenolic compounds was ranked as soybean seed=CGJ aged for 3days (CGJ-3D)=CGJ aged for 6days (CGJ-6D)>tofu (P<0.0001). ...
de Sousa Jaime Correia - - 2011
The prevalence and incidence of asthma are believed to be increasing but research on the true incidence, prevalence and mortality from asthma has met methodological obstacles since it has been difficult to define and diagnose asthma in epidemiological terms. New and widely accepted diagnostic criteria for asthma present opportunities for ...
Oshima Satomi - - 2011
The fat-free mass (FFM) of athletes is typically large, and thus the FFM is often utilized to estimate their resting energy expenditure (REE). While the proportional contribution of organ-tissues to the total influence of FFM on REE is known for untrained individuals and female athletes, the extent to which this ...
Saito Ikuo - - 2011
Whether the strict control of blood pressure (BP) of patients with hypertension who are aged 85 years or older is beneficial is unclear. The Japan's Benidipine Research on Antihypertensive Effects in the Elderly study is a prospective, observational 3-year study to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of treatment with a ...
Merikangas Kathleen R - - 2011
To determine the prevalence, impact, and stability of different subtypes of headache in a 30 year prospective follow-up study of a general population sample. Prospective cohort study. Canton of Zurich, Switzerland. 591 people aged 19-20 from a cohort of 4547 residents of Zurich, Switzerland, interviewed seven times across 30 years ...
Chakravarthy Marx S - - 2011
Purpose: The superficial branch of radial nerve (SBRN) is one of the cutaneous neves biopsied for diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy. The purpose of this study is to find out the cross sectional microanatomy of the (SBRN) at antecubital fossa for changes in the fascicular, non-fascicular components with respect to age ...
Schneider Tim - - 2011
The present study was primarily designed to explore various methodological aspects related to organ bath experiments evaluating human detrusor relaxation by the β-adrenoceptor agonist isoprenaline. Data are based upon a series of 30 consecutive patients, and this cohort was also used to explore possible effects of gender and age. KCl-induced ...
Hampton Joanna L - - 2011
Objective Carotid sinus hypersensitivity (CSH) is common in older people. The authors hypothesise that patients with CSH have a higher mortality than a geographically, age-matched older cohort. Design A retrospective cohort study compared to geographical and age-matched data from the Office of National Statistics. Setting Specialist clinic in tertiary centre. ...
Del Valle Juana C - - 2011
We studied the occurrence of digestive strategies at different levels in females of the subterranean herbivorous rodent Ctenomys talarum living in their natural habitat. We determined the dimensions of different parts of the gastrointestinal tract and organs along as the activity of key digestive enzymes(sucrase, maltase and N-aminopeptidase) in small ...
Del Valle Juana C - - 2010
We studied the occurrence of digestive strategies at different levels in females of the subterranean herbivorous rodent Ctenomys talarum living in their natural habitat. We determined the dimensions of different parts of the gastrointestinal tract and organs along as the activity of key digestive enzymes(sucrase, maltase and N-aminopeptidase) in small ...
Elisofon Scott A - - 2010
The aim of the study was to assess health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children with Alagille syndrome (AGS) in comparison with a normative population and other chronic diseases, and also to examine the effect of AGS-specific morbidities on HRQOL. A cross-sectional study was performed using the Child Health Questionnaire ...
Majer I M - - 2011
Background Discussions on raising pension eligibility age focus more on improvement in life expectancy (LE) and health expectancy measures than on socioeconomic differences in these measures. Therefore, this study assesses the level of socioeconomic differences in these two measures in Western-Europe. Methods Data from seven annual waves (1995-2001) of the ...
Kelly Aaron S - - 2011
The value of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in childhood and adolescence and its stability into young adulthood have been questioned. This study compared the MetS in late childhood (mean age 13) versus a cluster score of the MetS components as predictors of young adult (mean age 22) cardiovascular risk. Anthropometrics, blood ...
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