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Völker Carolin C Institute for Ecology, Evolution and Diversity, Goethe University Frankfurt am Main , Frankfurt am Main , - - 2014
Abstract A range of studies has addressed possible environmental impacts of nanosilver, but most focused on acute effects in few species. Moreover, it remains unclear if toxic effects are particle-specific or mediated by released silver ions. We investigated chronic effects of nanosilver and soluble silver (AgNO3) on the freshwater bivalve ...
Crean Angela J AJ Evolution and Ecology Research Centre and School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, - - 2014
Newly discovered non-genetic mechanisms break the link between genes and inheritance, thereby also raising the possibility that previous mating partners could influence traits in offspring sired by subsequent males that mate with the same female ('telegony'). In the fly Telostylinus angusticollis, males transmit their environmentally acquired condition via paternal effects ...
Bowers E Keith EK Behavior, Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics Section, School of Biological Sciences, Illinois State University, Normal, IL, 61790-4120, - - 2014
A major component of sex-allocation theory, the Trivers-Willard Model (TWM), posits that sons and daughters are differentially affected by variation in the rearing environment. In many species, the amount of parental care received is expected to have differing effects on the fitness of males and females. When this occurs, the ...
Lorio S S LREN, Dept. of Clinical Neurosciences, CHUV, University of Lausanne, Lausanne - - 2014
Evidence from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies shows that healthy aging is associated with profound changes in cortical and subcortical brain structures. The reliable delineation of cortex and basal ganglia using automated computational anatomy methods based on T1-weighted images remains challenging, which results in controversies in the literature. In this ...
Liu P P Institute of Animal Nutrition, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, 14195 Berlin, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate age-related changes and the effect of dietary Zn concentration on morphological and immunological characteristics in the gastrointestinal tract of piglets. A total of 96 purebred Landrace piglets were weaned at the age of 26 ± 1 d, and randomly allocated into 3 ...
Oates Jennifer M JM Department of Human Communication Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, La Trobe University, Victoria, - - 2014
This review addresses speech therapy interventions for older adults experiencing voice impairments. The prevalence, impact, and nature of voice impairments in older people are outlined. Intervention methods and their effectiveness are discussed, with particular focus on behavioral treatments for presbyphonia. The strength of current evidence is discussed and recommendations for ...
Miller M W MW Department of Psychiatry, National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with elevated risk for a variety of age-related diseases and neurodegeneration. In this paper, we review evidence relevant to the hypothesis that chronic PTSD constitutes a form of persistent life stress that potentiates oxidative stress (OXS) and accelerates cellular aging. We provide an overview ...
Jégo M M Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, UMR CNRS 5558, 43 bd du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France; Université de Lyon, VetAgroSup, 1 Avenue Bourgelat, 69280 Marcy l'étoile, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies of the impact of parasites on host performance have mainly focused on body mass, a phenotypic trait that responds relatively slowly to the presence of parasites, and the expectedly faster response of physiological parameters has been mostly overlooked. We filled the gap by measuring the impact of endoparasites on ...
Steinman M Q MQ Molecular, Cellular and Integrative Physiology Graduate Group, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA; Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Vasopressin signaling has important effects on the regulation of social behaviors and stress responses, and is considered a promising pathway to target for new therapeutics of stress-induced psychiatric disorders. Although there is evidence for sex differences in the behavioral effects of arginine vasopressin (AVP), few data have directly compared the ...
Newcomb Lucas B - - 2014
The origin of the odd-even effect in properties of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), and/or in technologies derived from them, is poorly understood. We report that hydrophobicity, and hence surface wetting of SAM, is dominated by the nature of the substrate (surface roughness and identity) and SAM tilt angle, which influences surface ...
Li Yang Y Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (BNLMS), State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, College of Chemistry, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, P. R. - - 2014
Unique Ag2 S-Ag heterostructured nanobowl arrays consisting of Ag2 S nanonets lying on Ag nanobowl arrays are fabricated by two-step nanosphere lithography at the gas-liquid interface. These Ag2 S-Ag heterostructured nanobowl arrays exhibit effective resistance switching behaviors and enhanced photoresponses, showing potential application in both electric devices and photocatalysis.
Ross Alex A Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, School of Sport and Recreation, Auckland University of Technology, New - - 2014
Anthropometrical and physical characteristics have been used to distinguish players of different competition levels and position groups; however, there is no literature within rugby sevens. The purpose of this study was to compare the anthropometrical and physical characteristics of international and provincial rugby sevens players and between forwards and backs. ...
Mytton Graham J GJ Department for Sport and Tourism, Sunderland College, - - 2014
Previous literature has presented pacing data of groups of competition finalists. The aim of this study was to analyse the pacing patterns displayed by medallists and non-medallists in international competitive 400-m swimming and 1500-m running finals. Split times were collected from 48 swimming finalists (four 100-m laps) and 60 running ...
Schmitt H H Department of Polymers and Composites Technology & Mechanical Engineering, Mines Douai, 941 rue Charles Bourseul, CS 10838, F-59508 Douai, - - 2015
Starch was combined with plasticizers such as glycerol, sorbitol, glycerol/sorbitol and urea/ethanolamine blends by means of high shear extrusion process to prepare thermoplastic starch (TPS). Effect of storage time and plasticizers on the structural stability of melt processed TPS was investigated. Morphological observation, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared ...
Jiang Heng H Turning Point, Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Eastern Health Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
This study aims to apply time series analysis techniques to examine the effects of random breath testing (RBT) on three age-specific traffic fatalities in four Australian states while considering the effects of lowering the minimum legal drinking age (MLDA). Long-term time series of age-specific traffic crash deaths in four Australian ...
Tipnis Rima A RA Department of Health and Sport Science, University of Dayton, 300 College Park Center, Dayton, OH 45469, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lateral foot wedges represent a biomechanical intervention aimed at reducing medial knee loads. However, the effects of varying wedge amounts on biomechanical variables and orthotic comfort have not been systematically studied. Further, arch height may influence the comfort of laterally wedged devices. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was ...
Créac'h Christelle C Pain Center & Department of Neurology, CHU Saint-Etienne, 42055, Saint-Etienne, France; Central Integration of Pain Lab, INSERM U1028 &UMR 5292, Centre for Neuroscience of Lyon, - University Claude Bernard of Lyon & University Jean Monnet, 42023, Saint-Etienne, - - 2014
Introduction: Aging has been reported to reduce the amplitude of laser evoked potentials. However, it is unknown whether this effect depends on the length of the sensory fibers. This is an important issue, since most painful neuropathies are length-dependant. Methods: We conducted a study of 40 healthy subjects, half of ...
Abraham Solana S Laboratorio de Investigaciones Ecoetológicas de Moscas de la Fruta y sus Enemigos Naturales (LIEMEN), PROIMI, Tucumán, Argentina; CONICET, Argentina. Electronic address: - - 2014
In numerous insects, accessory gland products (AGPs) transferred from males to females during mating are responsible for female sexual inhibition, but these products can be affected by male condition. Here, we investigated the effect of AGPs on female receptivity of the Mexican fruit fly Anastrepha ludens (Loew), and the effect ...
Amitay-Rosen Tal T a Department of Physical Chemistry , Israel Institute for Biological Research , P.O.B. 19, Ness-Ziona 74100 , - - 2014
Abstract The effects of an eight-year natural aging of ASC impregnated activated carbon on the adsorption capacity and breakthrough times of model organic vapors and of the nerve agent sarin were investigated. Aging delayed methanol breakthrough from dry air on pre-dried carbon, but shortened the breakthrough time of both methanol ...
Esopenko Carrie C Baycrest Health Sciences, Rotman Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada ; - - 2014
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a highly prevalent condition with significant effects on cognition and behavior. While the acute and sub-acute effects of TBI recover over time, relatively little is known about the long-term effects of TBI in relation to neurodegenerative disease. This issue has recently garnered a great deal ...
Golem Devon L DL 1Department of Family and Consumer Science, New Mexico State University 2Department of Exercise Science and Sport Studies, Rutgers - - 2014
Improvements in muscular power and anaerobic performance have resulted from use of jaw-repositioning mouth guards designed with advanced dental techniques. The high cost of such techniques has dissuaded the widespread use. Recently, more affordable, over-the-counter (OTC) jaw-repositioning mouth guards have become available. The primary objective of this study was to ...
Köteles F F Eötvös Loránd University Institute for Health Promotion and Sport Sciences Bogdánfy Ödön u. 10 H-1117 Budapest - - 2014
Effects of inhaled essential oils (EOs) cannot be explained by pharmacological mechanisms alone. The study aimed to investigate the effects of pleasantness of and expectancies evoked by EOs. A double-blind experiment with a within-subject design was carried out with the participation of 33 volunteering adults (15.2% male; mean age 37.7 ...
Chen Tianle T Department of Biostatistics, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia - - 2014
We develop methods to accurately predict whether pre-symptomatic individuals are at risk of a disease based on their various marker profiles, which offers an opportunity for early intervention well before definitive clinical diagnosis. For many diseases, existing clinical literature may suggest the risk of disease varies with some markers of ...
Ritchie Stuart J SJ Department of Psychology, The University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom ; Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, The University of Edinburgh, United - - 2014
A well-replicated finding in the psychological literature is the negative correlation between religiosity and intelligence. However, several studies also conclude that one form of religiosity, church attendance, is protective against later-life cognitive decline. No effects of religious belief per se on cognitive decline have been found, potentially due to the ...
Vopat Bryan G - - 2014
Decades of research support the fact that much age-related deterioration is the result of the effects of sedentary lifestyles and the development of medical conditions rather than of aging itself. Elite older athletes, who demonstrate enhanced performance compared with historic cohorts and even some younger peers, are models of this ...
Niitepõld Kristjan K Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305; 2Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory, Crested Butte, Colorado - - 2014
Abstract Stressful conditions can affect resource allocation among different life-history traits. The effect of dietary restriction (DR) on longevity and reproduction has been studied in many species, but we know little about its effects on energetics, especially in flying animals that have high energy demand. We assessed the effects of ...
Kalokerinos Elise K EK The University of - - 2014
Older adults favor emotionally positive material over emotionally negative material in information processing. Given the potentially harmful consequences of avoiding negative information, this aging positivity effect may provide benefits that offset its costs. To test this possibility, we assessed positivity in recall and blood indicators of immune function among older ...
Wattie Nick N Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2000 Simcoe Street North, Oshawa, ON, L1H 7K4, Canada, - - 2014
The policies that dictate the participation structure of many youth sport systems involve the use of a set selection date (e.g. 31 December), which invariably produces relative age differences between those within the selection year (e.g. 1 January to 31 December). Those born early in the selection year (e.g. January) ...
Wade M M Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development,University of - - 2014
The effect of low birth weight on children's development has been documented for a range of neurocognitive outcomes. However, few previous studies have examined the effect of birth weight variability within the normal range on children's neuropsychological development. The current study examined birth weight variation amongst children weighing ≥2500 g ...
Ayoubi Farah - - 2014
To compare gait variability among older community-dwellers with and without fear of falling and history of falls, and 2) to examine the association between gait variability and fear of falling while taking into account the effect of potential confounders. Based on a cross-sectional design, 1,023 French community-dwellers (mean age +/- ...
Côté-Maurais Guillaume G Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique-Institut Armand-Frappier, 531 boul. Des Prairies, Laval, Québec, Canada H7V - - 2014
Immunotoxicity studies of nanoparticles on T cells addressed their effects on activation by T antigen receptor, but have neglected the regulation of proliferation by IL-2. In this study, the IL-2-dependent T lymphoblastoid WE17/10 cell line was used to compare silver (Ag-NPs) and fullerene (C60-NPs) nanoparticles' toxicity and evaluate whether these ...
Ebejer J L JL Environmental and Rural Sciences, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia, - - 2014
The heritability of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is higher for children than adults. This may be due to increasing importance of environment in symptom variation, measurement inaccuracy when two raters report behavior of a twin-pair, a contrast effect resulting from parental comparison of siblings and/or dimensionality of measures. We examine rater ...
Moore Patrick V PV Centre for Health Policy and Management, Trinity College Dublin, 3/4 Foster Place, College Green, Dublin 2, Ireland, - - 2014
Concerns about the long-term sustainability of health care expenditures (HCEs), particularly prescribing expenditures, has become an important policy issue in most developed countries. Previous studies suggest that proximity to death (PTD) has a significant effect on total HCEs, with its exclusion leading to an overestimation of likely growth. There are ...
Nascimento Bárbara Mazetti BM UFPR, Curitiba, Brazil, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the following environmental effects in Suffolk lambing: contemporary groups, type of birth, and age of animal and age of dam at lambing on conformation (C), precocity (P), musculature (M), and body weight at postweaning (W), and the heritability coefficients and genetic correlations among these traits. ...
Arroyo Cristina C School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, - - 2014
Beef longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) muscle was used to evaluate the effect of PEF treatments (1.4kV/cm, 10Hz, 20μs, 300 and 600 pulses) on meat quality attributes (weight loss, colour, cook loss and texture) and its evolution at various stages during ageing (2, 10, 18 and 26days post-mortem). The length ...
Galbraith Sally S School of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of New South Wales, - - 2014
Longitudinal studies are often used to investigate age-related developmental change. Whereas a single cohort design takes a group of individuals at the same initial age and follows them over time, an accelerated longitudinal design takes multiple single cohorts, each one starting at a different age. The main advantage of an ...
Rathi Sre P R PR Centre for Advanced Studies in Botany, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai 600 025, Tamilnadu, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Simple, yet an effective and rapid approach for the green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) using root extract of Erythrina indica and its in vitro antibacterial activity was tried against human pathogenic bacteria and its cytotoxic effect in breast and lung cancer cell lines has been demonstrated in this ...
Namjoshi Gajanan S GS MSD Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd, Mumbai, India. Electronic address: - - 2014
Burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) in outpatient setting in India is not fully understood. A prospective study was undertaken to describe RVGE among Indian children less than 5 years of age presenting in outpatient departments with acute gastroenteritis (AGE). This study was conducted at 11 outpatient departments (OPDs) of private ...
Banks Gareth G MRC Harwell, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Oxfordshire, - - 2014
The circadian system is entrained to the environmental light/dark cycle via retinal photoreceptors and regulates numerous aspects of physiology and behavior, including sleep. These processes are all key factors in healthy aging showing a gradual decline with age. Despite their importance, the exact mechanisms underlying this decline are yet to ...
Kawazu Kei - - 2014
The success of mating disruption using synthetic sex pheromones depends not only on preventing mating, but also on delayed mating in the target insect. Using the rice leaffolder moth, Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Guenée), we determined the effect of increased age at mating imposed on males only (male treatment), females only (female ...
Zhang Bo B College of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University, Agricultural Pests Management Laboratory of Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210095, PR - - 2014
Abstract The domed fitness functions are suggested to describe developmental patterns of progeny parasitoids in relation to host age at oviposition in solitary koinobint parasitoids that are engaged in single parasitism, but few studies have investigated the applicability of the functions as related to superparasitism. The present study was designed ...
Zhang Fei-Fei FF School of Civil Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, - - 2014
Roxarsone (3-nitro-4-hydroxy benzene arsenic acid) is an organoarsenic feed additive and has been widely used in the poultry industry to prevent coccidiosis and improve feed efficiency. The presence of roxarsone and its degradation products results in the instability of the anaerobic methanogenic process. This study investigated the degradation and speciation ...
Vicente Jose J Office of Science and Engineering Laboratories, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD; BSICoS Group, Aragón Institute for Engineering Research (I3A), IIS Aragón, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Aragón, - - 2014
Corrected QT interval (QTc) is shorter in postpubertal men than in women; however, QTc lengthens as men age and testosterone levels decrease. Animal studies have demonstrated that testosterone decreases L-type calcium current and increases slow delayed rectifier potassium current; however, it is not known how these contribute to QTc differences ...
Waldmann Elisabeth E Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria, - - 2014
An endoscopists adenoma detection rate (ADR) of less than 20 % correlates with high risk for occurrence of interval cancer. The impact of high-definition (HD) imaging on the ADR is discussed controversially. We aimed to investigate whether detection rates of individual endoscopists increase within 1 year before and 1 year after the switch ...
Parmley Maria - - 2014
This study investigated how target sex, target age, and expressive ambiguity influence emotion perception. Undergraduate participants (N = 192) watched morphed video clips of eight child and eight adult facial expressions shifting from neutral to either sadness or anger. Participants were asked to stop the video clip when they first ...
Park Hyun-Joo HJ 1 Dongguk University, - - 2014
Summary.-The current study was an attempt to examine the interplay between domain-specific self-esteem and life satisfaction with middle-aged Koreans. For four domains (Social/Objective Ability, Positive Characteristics, Interpersonal Relationships, and Family), the mediating effects of the satisfaction index of domain-specific self-esteem between the importance index of domain-specific self-esteem and life satisfaction ...
Navascues-Cornago Maria M Eurolens Research, Faculty of Life Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United - - 2014
The aim of this study was to map the sensitivity of the marginal and other conjunctival regions and to investigate changes in the sensitivity of these regions when determined in the morning and evening. Thirty-five healthy, noncontact lens wearers (20 female, 15 male; age 27.7 ± 7.3 years) were enrolled. ...
Shibuya Shuichi S a Department of Advanced Aging Medicine , Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine , Chiba , - - 2014
Age-related skin thinning is correlated with a decrease in the content of collagen in the skin. Accumulating evidence suggests that collagen peptide (CP) and vitamin C (VC) transcriptionally upregulate type I collagen in vivo. However, the additive effects of CP and VC on age-related skin changes remain unclear. We herein ...
Mesic Aner A Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and - - 2014
The cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome (CBMN-Cyt) assay was developed as a system for evaluating DNA damage, cytostasis, and cytotoxicity. The aim of the present study was to estimate levels of micronuclei (MNi), nucleoplasmic bridges (NPBs), nuclear buds (NBUDs), cell death (apoptosis/necrosis), nuclear division index, and nuclear division cytotoxicity index values in ...
Waye Andrew - - 2014
A 5-day fathead minnow (FHM) spawning assay is used by industry to monitor pulp mill effluent quality, with some mill effluents capable of completely inhibiting spawning. The purpose of this report is to characterize the effect of an inhibitory effluent on egg and milt production in FHM. Eight tanks were ...
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