Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1284
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Uhlig Till - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare levels of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to those of the general population. METHODS: Disease burden was assessed using a generic health status instrument (Medical Outcome Study Short Form-36) for measurements of HRQOL and SF-6D to calculate utility scores in representative ...
Wasnik Ashish - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted with an objective to assess, quantify and describe a reference value (percentile) of coronary calcium score for the asymptomatic adult Indian population and its correlation with gender, age and risk factors and to review the same with the available literature. METHODS AND RESULTS: Five ...
Clark Daniel O - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to estimate educational differences in the prevalence and mortality consequence of physical vulnerability among older adults in the United States. METHODS: Data came from the 1998 and 2000 waves of the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative cross-sectional and prospective cohort study ...
Seo Eun Hyun - - 2007
In this study, we investigated the effects of demographic variables on the performances of Administrations A and C of the Benton Visual Retention Test (BVRT) in a geriatric population with a wide range of educational achievement. We administered the test to 554 nondemented elders aged 60-90 years with an educational ...
Phillips Tommy M - - 2007
High school-age adolescents (N=262) in two samples completed a measure of identity style, along with measures of self-esteem, hopelessness, delinquent attitudes, educational expectations, and optimism/efficacy. Analysis of variance was used to evaluate the relationship between identity style and the other psychosocial variables. Participants classified as having a diffuse/avoidant orientation had ...
Hsu Chung-Hua - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To examine whether there is a difference in coronary artery calcification (CAC) scores between males and females aged above 50 years. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 479 subjects aged between 40 and 70 years with no clinical or family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) were enrolled ...
Ahmad M - - 2007
The objective of this prospective study was to consider the demographical data of burn patients admitted to the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Islamabad, Pakistan. The study was carried out at PIMS from January 2002 to December 2003. Only admitted patients of either sex of age more than 12 ...
Van Gerven Pascal W M - - 2007
In this experimental study, effects of age and education on switching focal attention in working memory were investigated among 44 young (20-30 years) and 40 middle-aged individuals (50-60 years). To this end, a numeric n-back task comprising two lag conditions (1- and 2-back) was administered within groups. The results revealed ...
Bizzozero I - - 2007
Ninety-eight healthy participants were examined with a new test of Famous Name Comprehension which, in the framework of a serial model of person processing, sequentially assessed Name Recognition (i.e., the ability to classify items as familiar or unfamiliar) and Person Identification (i.e., the ability to provide biographical knowledge of recognised ...
Lin Han - - 2007
This study aimed to explore the executive function of healthy elderly Chinese people. A sample of 58 healthy Chinese aged 60 and over was recruited from Guangzhou in China. They were divided into two age groups, a younger age group (aged 60-70) and an older age group (aged over 70). ...
Lansbergen Marieke M - - 2007
Previous reviews and meta-analyses that addressed abnormal Stroop interference in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) yielded mixed results. The authors of the present study argue that the inconsistencies may reflect the problematic nature of 2 frequently used methods to quantify Stroop interference-the difference score and Golden's method (C. J. Golden, 1978). Golden's ...
Cosentino Stephanie S Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032, - - 2007
A critical focus of neuropsychological research is to identify unbiased ways to compare heterogeneous groups on background variables relevant to neuropsychological performance. Whereas recent work has pointed to single word reading as a less culturally biased measure of educational experience than years of education, the extent to which reading score ...
Gallagher Colin - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were (a) to examine the effects of age, gender and IQ on the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCFT), (b) to identify the best scores to use in interpreting test performance and (c) to compare the results with available normative data. DESIGN: Participants were ...
Ostrosky-Solis Feggy - - 2007
Several investigations have suggested that age, education and culture affect semantic fluency. To date, there is no research work indicating whether there are differences among speakers of the same language but from different countries. It has been proposed that despite having the same language, each Spanish-speaking country should have its ...
Hsieh Shiao-Ling Judy - - 2007
Although Mandarin is the world's most commonly spoken native language, normative data on neuropsychological tests for this population are limited. Therefore, samples of young (n=142, M age=35.77 years), middle-aged (n=71, M age=52.65), and elderly (n=111, M age=69.27) Mandarin speaking adults living in Beijing, China were given a battery of neuropsychological ...
Laks Jerson - - 2007
The objective of this study was to assess Mini-Mental State Examination norms of a functionally normal sample of community-dwelling elderly. Illiterate and low-educated subjects who scored less than 5 on the Pfeffer Functional Activities Questionnaire (PFAQ) [n = 397; female = 269; mean age = 72.15 (SD = 7.24) years] ...
Kahle-Wrobleski Kristin - - 2007
To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in identifying dementia in the oldest-old when stratified by age and education. Cross-sectional. Research clinic and in-home visits. Population-based sample of adults aged 90 and older (n=435) who are enrolled in the 90+ Study, a longitudinal, population-based study. ...
Klein Christoph - - 2007
The prediction of an individual's score is relevant in clinical research and requires normative data and a statistical rationale. In the case of developmental research the latter is typically a set of descriptive statistics (e.g., standard scores) for a set of age groups. Here we illustrate a multiple regression approach ...
Owoeye O A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In dermatology, it is known that there is a significant co-morbidity between dermatological disorders and psychological complications, and it has been estimated that in at least one-third of patients with skin diseases, their effective management involves consideration of associated emotional factors. In Africa, particularly Nigeria, despite the prevalent dermatological ...
Behlau Mara - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to characterize a large population of Brazilian individuals using the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL) Measure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied a population of 2,214 Brazilian subjects who completed the V-RQOL questionnaire consisting of 10 questions from ...
Van Patten Katherine - - 2007
This study is composed of 37 American adolescents, ages 15 to 17 years of age, all from the United States. The principal author was the sole examiner. Inclusion criteria are described. Interrater reliability statistics at the response level are presented along with scores for the Rorschach Comprehensive System (CS; Exner, ...
Bilban Marjan - - 2007
AIM: To identify population groups at risk of non-use of seat belts in front and rear seats in order to enable more focused planning of preventive actions in Slovenia. METHODS: The national health behaviour survey of 15,379 adults aged 25-64, carried out in 2001; response rate 64%; 9043 questionnaires eligible ...
Milano Giuseppe - - 2007
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to evaluate the role of subacromial decompression in the arthroscopic repair of full-thickness rotator cuff tears in a prospective randomized clinical study. METHODS: Arthroscopic cuff repair was performed in 80 patients with a full-thickness rotator cuff tear. They were divided into 2 groups comprising 40 patients ...
Wakabayashi Akio A Department of Psychology, Chiba University, Yayoi-cho, Inage, Chiba 263-8522, Japan. - - 2007
This study tests the empathizing-systemizing (E-S) theory of sex differences and the extreme male brain (EMB) theory of autism. Three groups of participants took part: n = 48 people with autism spectrum, n = 137 general population controls, and n = 1,250 university student controls. Each participant completed the Empathy ...
Becker Alexander - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) has started to replace Electron beam CT for quantitation of coronary artery calcium. However no study has evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of MSCT for prediction of coronary artery disease (CAD) in a symptomatic patient population using the volume score. METHODS AND RESULTS: 1347 symptomatic subjects ...
Younis F - - 2007
The sino-nasal assessment questionnaire is a system used for scoring the symptoms of chronic rhinosinusitis. However, the range of scores for this questionnaire in the healthy adult population is unknown. We aimed to establish this by recruiting 100 healthy volunteers and comparing their sino-nasal assessment questionnaire scores with those of ...
Pustovrh Janez - - 2006
On the basis of expert knowledge, an expert model of potential performance covering the motor, morphological, psychological, and sociological subspace was constructed (MMPS). The scores of variables were obtained by application of the computer program Sport Measurement Management System (SMMS). In the subjects included in measurements, trends of the obtained ...
Oliveira Claudia Di Lorenzo - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We investigated potential microenvironmental risk factors for visceral leishmaniasis in urban and suburban areas, and developed risk scores to characterize the household and the neighborhood. These scores may be useful to identify microenvironments within cities that place residents at greater risk of visceral leishmaniasis. METHODS: In this case-control study, ...
Van der Elst Wim - - 2006
The Concept Shifting Test (CST) is a newly developed Trail Making Type test that measures concept shifting and executive functioning. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether CST performance was affected by age, gender, educational level, or handedness and to establish the normal range of test performance. ...
Rougé-Maillart Clotilde - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The study of the posterior part of the pelvis is of interest in forensic anthropology since it is an anatomical region that is very often preserved. The Lovejoy technique, using the auricular surface has brought about many studies and attracted many authors, among them Buckberry and Chamberlain utilized the ...
Henderson M M Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow G12 8RZ. - - 2007
To assess the impact of a theoretically based sex education programme (SHARE) delivered by teachers compared with conventional education in terms of conceptions and terminations registered by the NHS. Follow-up of cluster randomised trial 4.5 years after intervention. NHS records of women who had attended 25 secondary schools in east ...
Knutson Kristen L - - 2006
To describe the stability of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) scores over 1 year among a population-based sample of black and white early middle-aged adults. More than 600 participants, aged 38 to 50 years, from the Chicago site of the Coronary Artery Risk ...
Aukland Stein Magnus - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to use a scoring system for high-resolution CT in the evaluation of radiologic findings in young people born extremely preterm and to examine the reproducibility of this scoring system. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: High-resolution CT of the lungs was assessed in 72 children born ...
Beeri M S - - 2006
To evaluate the performance of nondemented subjects 85 years and older on the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD) neuropsychological battery, and to assess its relationship with sociodemographic variables. We studied 196 subjects enrolled in an Alzheimer's Disease Research Center study who had a complete CERAD neuropsychological ...
Hummel T - - 2007
"Sniffin' Sticks" is a test of nasal chemosensory function that is based on pen-like odor dispensing devices, introduced some 10 years ago by Kobal and co-workers. It consists of tests for odor threshold, discrimination, and identification. Previous work established its test-retest reliability and validity. Results of the test are presented ...
Vanacore Nicola - - 2006
The biggest challenge regarding cognitive prospective evaluations in the elderly is the identification of subjects that go on to develop cognitive impairment. In this study, we compared the Italian telephone version of the MMSE (Itel-MMSE) with both the MMSE and a battery of neuropsychological tests in a group of 107 ...
Seo Eun Hyun - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of age, education and gender on the performance of the Trail Making Test (TMT) and provide normative information in Korean elders. METHODS: The TMT was administered to 997 community-dwelling volunteers aged 60-90. People with serious neurological, medical and psychiatric ...
van der Sluijs Johannes A - - 2006
The interobserver reliability of the Mallet score for active shoulder function was assessed by three experienced observers in a group of 30 children with an obstetric brachial plexus lesion (mean age 7.1 years, range 4.5-10 years). Interobserver reliability, measured using weighted kappa, was good. Kappa varied between 0.37 and 0.84 ...
Sulander Tommi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study examined 10 year trends in functional capacity by gender, age, and education among elderly Finns aged 65-84 years, focusing on difficulties in basic activities of daily living (BADL). Educational disparities and their trends in the prevalence of these difficulties were also assessed. METHODS: Data were derived from ...
Rouch Isabelle - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Primary intellectual abilities (PIA) are a confounder in epidemiological studies on neurotoxicity. A good measure of this confounder should be independent of age as PIA is an intrinsic ability. Furthermore, as PIA is related to health endpoints, any measure of PIA should reveal this association. This study is aimed ...
Giannakou Maria - - 2006
Cross-cultural differences may affect performance on neuropsychological tests, even on those, which are non-verbal. We examined the appropriateness of the Hooper Visual Organization Test (HVOT) for use in the Greek population. In doing so, we sought to establish the internal consistency of its items, determine the influence of demographic characteristics ...
Kohli Adarsh - - 2006
The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) has been increasingly employed as a clinical neuropsychological instrument. However, in India the use of WCST is still in a relatively preliminary stage. To analyse the utility of WCST in the Indian population. Fifty-three subjects in the age group of 20-50 years, comprising both ...
Latshaw Megan Weil - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the distribution and predictors of blood mercury levels in an adult population. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of first-visit data (2001-2002) on a random sample of 474 subjects from the Baltimore Memory Study. RESULTS: After adjustment for race/ethnicity, education, assets, ...
Nakano Kousuke - - 2006
To elucidate developmental changes of the Summary Scores of the Boston Qualitative Scoring System (BQSS) for the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF). One hundred healthy children aged 6-16 (average 9.7 +/- 2.4; 60 boys, 40 girls). The ROCF was administered and graded based on the BQSS. The subjects were classified in ...
Weuve J - - 2006
To determine whether a polymorphism the in delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) gene modifies the neurotoxicity of lead in older adults. The authors studied men participating in the Department of Veterans Affairs' Normative Aging Study, assessing their recent exposure to lead by measuring blood lead (n = 915) at each triennial ...
Frazão Paulo - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Information about the distribution of malocclusion in the population and identification of factors and conditions associated with it could help researchers build models to understand its occurrence and help public-health policy makers improve interventions. The aim of this study was to assess the severity of occlusal disorders in Brazilian ...
Sanford Stacy D - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study explored the distribution of Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) scores in a randomly sampled, community population and provided percentile scores that will assist in decision-making in both research and clinical settings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Participants included 703 individuals between the ages of 20 and 98, with ...
Harris S E SE Department of Psychology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2006
A polymorphism (Val66Met) in the gene encoding brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has previously been associated with impaired hippocampal function and scores on the Logical Memory subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R). Despite its widespread expression in the brain, there have been few studies examining the role of BDNF on ...
Sirois Mélanie - - 2006
The present study provides Canadian French normative data for 388 line drawings from the European Picture Pool for Oral Naming (Protocole européen de dénomination orale d'images; PEDOI; Kremin et al., 2003). One hundred eighty subjects were equally distributed for age group (18-39,40-59, 60-85), educational level (low, high), and sex. They ...
Edwards Jerri D - - 2006
The Useful Field of View test (UFOV) is increasingly used in clinical and rehabilitation settings. To date there have been no normative data for adjusted performance comparisons across demographically-similar, elderly peers. This study examined demographic and cognitive influences on the UFOV in a sample of 2759 participants (65-94 years of ...
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