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Tandon Mini M Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA. - - 2009
The present study compared the performance of preschoolers who met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4(th) edition (DSM-IV) criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to those who did not meet these criteria on a test of visual attention. The aim was to investigate whether attentional impairments in preschoolers with ...
Robert Stephanie A - - 2009
We examine whether multiple health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures are stratified by socioeconomic status (SES) and age in the United States. Data are from the 2005/2006 National Health Measurement Study, a telephone survey of a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults. We plot mean HRQoL scores by SES within ...
Briggs Karen K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Lysholm score and Tegner activity scale are commonly used to document outcomes after arthroscopic knee surgery. These outcomes measurements are subjective in nature and evaluate performance and activity restrictions both before and after surgery, making them a valuable research tool when judging the effectiveness of surgical treatment. PURPOSE: ...
Cangoz Banu - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Trail Making Test (TMT) is a neuropsychological test, which has parts A and B that can precisely measure executive functions, like complex visual-motor conceptual screening, planning, organization, abstract thinking and response inhibition. The main purpose of this study is to standardize TMT for Turkish adults and/or elderly population. This ...
Mungas Dan D Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, University of California, Davis, Sacremento, CA 95817, USA. - - 2009
This study examined how age and education influence the relationship between neuropsychological test scores and brain structure in demographically diverse older adults spanning the range from normal cognition to dementia. A sample of 351 African Americans, 410 Hispanics, and 458 Whites underwent neuropsychological testing. Volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures ...
Katić Ratko - - 2009
The aim of the study was to assess interdependence of specific motor abilities (situation karate tests) and motor skills (karate techniques), and karate performance (fighting efficiency) in under-sixteen male karateka aged 11-12 and 13-14 years. A battery of 5 situation motor tests were applied and 6 basic elements of karate ...
Aksoydan E - - 2009
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of orthorexia nervosa among the performance artists in the State Opera and Ballet and in the Bilkent University Symphony Orchestra. The study population consisted of 39 men and 55 women for a total of 94 artists with mean age of ...
Tavakkolizadeh A - - 2009
To investigate the relationship between age, gender and the Constant score. Two hundred and seventy Healthy volunteers (527 normal shoulders) from our local population with no previous history of shoulder disease were assessed using the Constant score. The mean age was 43.9 years (16-86) and the mean Constant score 85.9 ...
Carba Delia B DB University of San Carlos-Office of Population Studies Foundation, Talamban Campus, 6000 Cebu City, Philippines. - - 2009
Most studies on childhood health and human capital in developing countries examine how early childhood linear growth relates to later human productivity as reflected in schooling success. Work status is another important human capital outcome related to early child health. This study examines the relationship of linear growth restriction at ...
Pinto Isabel Carolina da Silva - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional study involving CF patients < 18 years of age, evaluated between March and July of 2006 at a referral center in northeastern Brazil. Nutritional assessment was performed using Z scores for height/age (H/A), weight/age (W/A) ...
Zalonis Ioannis - - 2009
The Stroop Test is a quick and frequently used measure in screening for brain damage, dysfunction of selective attention, and cognitive flexibility. The purpose of the present study is to provide normative data for Trenerry's Stroop Neuropsychological Screening Test (SNST) in a sample of 605 healthy Greek participants (age range: ...
Sloan Robert A - - 2009
There is limited data examining the association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and health related quality of life (HRQOL) in healthy young adults. We examined the association between CRF and the HRQOL Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) scores in apparently healthy males in the United States Navy. ...
Ferrari Joseph R - - 2009
Studies of self-regulation suggested that self-control requires finite resources which, in turn, may present a significant challenge for those trying to recover from or control addictive behaviors. The present study examined the relationships between self-regulation and abstinence maintenance among adults in recovery (n = 606: 407 men, 199 women; M ...
Bergendal Birgitta - - 2009
Objective. To screen orofacial function in people with various ectodermal dysplasia (ED) syndromes and compare with a healthy reference sample. Material and methods. The ED group comprised 46 individuals (30 M and 16 F; mean age 14.5 years, range 3-55). Thirty-two had hypohidrotic ED, while 14 had other ED syndromes. ...
Helin-Salmivaara Arja - - 2009
Continuing medical education (CME) is an integral part of continuing professional development and a prerequisite for good quality in health care. We aimed to describe and analyse the number of days spent in formal CME outside the workplace by specialty among Finnish doctors of working age. The number of days ...
Carey John J - - 2009
Diagnostic criteria for postmenopausal osteoporosis using central dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) T-scores have been widely accepted. The validity of these criteria for other populations, including premenopausal women and young men, has not been established. The International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) recommends using DXA Z-scores, not T-scores, for diagnosis in ...
Hopman W M - - 2009
This paper examines the associations between chronic disease, age, and physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL), using data collected in 10 studies representing five chronic conditions. HRQOL was measured using the SF-36 or the shorter subset, SF-12. Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) scores were ...
Pang Agnes Wai-Yin - - 2009
This study investigated the fundamental motor skill proficiency of Hong Kong children ages 6-9. Ninety-one male and 76 female Chinese students (mean age = 7.6 years) from six local primary schools in Hong Kong participated in this study. The Test of Gross Motor Development-Second Edition (TGMD-2) was administrated to assess ...
Waldherr Karin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of scores of the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) in non-clinical females aged 15-35 years (total n = 2402) in three European countries with North-South variation. METHODS: Participants were high school girls from the Netherlands (n = 642), Austria (n = 544) and Italy (n = 359), and college ...
Hebert Liesi E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Measures of physical performance were used in intact and community populations. We examined upper and lower extremity physical performance tests among people with Alzheimer's disease. METHOD: A total of 367 persons with probable Alzheimer's disease, recruited from an Alzheimer's disease diagnostic center, were given three tests of lower extremity ...
Fonseca Rochele Paz - - 2008
The lack of standardized instruments to evaluate communication disorders related to the right hemisphere was verified. A new evaluation tool was developed: Protocole Montréal d'Evaluation de la Communication--Protocole MEC, adapted to Brazilian Portuguese--Bateria Montreal de Avaliação da Comunicação--Bateria MAC (Montreal Evaluation of Communication Battery). The purpose was to present stratified ...
Vuillermot Stéphanie - - 2009
Impaired hand motor function resulting from neurological, psychiatric or orthopaedic disorders affects patients of all ages. Existing hand function assessment methods, e.g. rating scales, accelerometers and electromyographical devices, are often time-consuming to administer, subjective in interpretation and/or expensive. Graphonomic tests are gaining popularity as a way of avoiding these drawbacks ...
Koyuturk Alp Erdin - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to examine the microleakage of three different fissure sealants after they were aged by mechanical loading and thermocycling in vitro. To this end, a bonding agent (Prime & Bond NT) and three different fissure sealants (Clinpro, Helioseal F, Teethmate F1) were used, whereby microleakage ...
Rajagopalan Rukmini - - 2008
Metabolic and morphological side-effects occur in HIV-infected individuals receiving anti-retroviral treatment (ART). Peripheral fat loss that occurs particularly in the face, limbs and/or buttocks is referred to as lipoatrophy and has been found to be highly stigmatizing and to adversely impact the health-related quality of life (HRQL). Consumer Health Sciences ...
Jang Soong-Nang - - 2009
This study sought to determine which factors among the indicators of socioeconomic status have the most influence on physical, mental and social functions, and on subjective well-being, all of which are components of successful ageing. A representative random sample of 1825 persons aged 65 years or older was surveyed by ...
Dodge Hiroko H HH Department of Public Health, College of Health and Human Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97401, USA. - - 2009
The Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE) is widely used in Japan and the U.S.A. for cognitive screening in the clinical setting and in epidemiological studies. A previous Japanese community study reported distributions of the MMSE total score very similar to that of the U.S.A. Data were obtained from the Monongahela Valley ...
Goyen T-A - - 2009
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of developmental coordination disorder (DCD) in "apparently normal" extremely premature (<29 weeks) or extremely low birthweight (<1000 g) schoolchildren at 8 years of age and whether motor skill assessments at an earlier age could predict DCD. METHOD: From a neonatal intensive care unit cohort, 50 ...
Seo Eun Hyun - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of demographic variables on Stroop Color and Word Test (SCWT) performance in an educationally diverse elderly population and to provide normative information. METHODS: SCWT was administered to 564 community-dwelling volunteers aged 60-90 years with an educational history of from ...
Meijer Willemien A - - 2008
The present study investigated the effects of a narrow range of interstimulus intervals (ISI; 1, 2, or 3 s) on word-learning performance in relation to age and education. Individuals (N = 338) from four age groups (24 to 76 years) with low or high educational attainment were randomly assigned to ...
Shan Ian-Kai - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) is a widely used neuropsychological test for assessing executive functions. However, the lack of culture-specific norms has often limited clinical interpretation of performance on the WCST. The aims of this study were to establish adult norms for the WCST in Taiwan, and to ...
Furnham Adrian - - 2008
230 adults estimated the ages at which children and adolescents ages 1 to 16 years could perform certain tasks like, "Say the months of the year backwards" and "Ride a bicycle". Nearly two-thirds of the participants consistently underestimated the age at which young people could perform. A total "correct" score, ...
Baldus Christine - - 2008
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. OBJECTIVE: To further validate the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) instrument by comparing scores of adult deformity patients with no prior history of spine surgery to the scores of normal adult volunteers in age-gender matched groups. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Efforts have been made to validate ...
Venkatagiri H S - - 2009
PURPOSE: In this study, the author examined the following questions: What proportion of adult persons who stutter (PWS) choose fluency and what proportion choose to be free from a need to be fluent in managing their stuttering? What demographic and stuttering-related variables influence their choice, and how consistent are they ...
van Mechelen M C - - 2008
The aim of this study was to: (1) assess work participation among young adults with spina bifida, (2) identify problems perceived in finding employment, and (3) examine which determinants are related to work participation. This cross-sectional study was a follow-up study to the Adolescents with SPina bifida In the Netherlands ...
Yakushiji Yusuke - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Increasing attention has been paid to associations between cognitive dysfunction and brain microbleeds (MBs). Because all previous studies have investigated patients with neurological disorders, we examined subjects without neurological disorder in order to clarify pathogenic relationships. METHODS: A total of 518 consecutive adults without neurological disorder who ...
Blake Treena M - - 2009
The present study explored the diagnostic accuracy of demographically corrected norms for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III) in a diverse sample of 57 patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and a matched group of 61 pseudoneurologic controls. The use of demographic corrections did not significantly improve the sensitivity ...
Lynnerup N - - 2008
The Section of Forensic Medicine at the University of Copenhagen performs age evaluations of the living at the request of the police. The established procedure in these cases involves: (1) a physical examination; (2) an odontological examination based on evaluation of an orthopantomogram and intraoral dental radiographs. Different methods are ...
Barton Garry R - - 2008
We sought to compare the performance of the EQ-5D and SF-6D with regard to the criteria of practicality, convergent validity, and construct validity, the level of agreement between the two measures was also assessed. Responses from 1865 individuals aged >or= 45 years in one general practice were analysed. Of these, ...
Ikeda Eiji - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) is considered a useful supplementary method to diagnose dementia and evaluate the severity of cognitive disturbance. However, the region of the cerebrum that correlates with the MMSE score is not clear. Recently, a new method was developed to analyze regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) ...
Bae Donald S - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this investigation was to characterize the range of Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI) scores in children with brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP) and determine its correlation with 3 published measures of active motion and function. METHODS: One hundred fifty children with BPBP between the ages ...
Jurcev Savicevic A - - 2008
SETTING: Patients of five randomly selected general practitioners in Split, Croatia. OBJECTIVE: To investigate knowledge about tuberculosis (TB) and to identify target groups for information, education and communication activities. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey based on a structured questionnaire using a convenience sampling among subjects aged > or =18 years. Data were ...
Cheung Yin-Bun - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Assessment of child development often results in a multitude of binary outcome data. There is no agreed way to use them to score the developmental status of children. Conventional methods include age-standardized Z-scores and simple sum of number of passes. Recently two approaches based on the Rasch model and ...
Cuervo Marta - - 2009
Undernutrition is a quite common condition in the elderly, often identified using the mini nutritional assessment (MNA) test. The aim of this research was to study the independent value of the global and the subjective MNA questions to predict undernutrition according to the full MNA score, and to analyze the ...
van der Sluis Sophie - - 2008
Gene-environment interaction was studied in a sample of young (mean age 26 years, N = 385) and older (mean age 49 years, N = 370) adult males and females. Full scale IQ scores (FSIQ) were analyzed using biometric models in which additive genetic (A), common environmental (C), and unique environmental ...
Fernández Alberto L - - 2008
The Trail Making Test may not be equivalent across cultures, i.e., differences in the scores across different cultures may not reveal real differences in the ability of the subjects on the construct being measured. In order to assess this hypothesis, normative samples from ten different countries were compared. Age decade ...
Boesveldt S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to establish normative values for the two culture dependent components (odour identification and odour discrimination) of the "Sniffin' Sticks" test battery in the Dutch population over 45 years of age, and to assess the influence of age and sex on olfactory function in ...
Varghese Daniel - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Several large population-based studies have reported that otherwise-well individuals endorse items related to delusion-like experiences. The aim of the present study was to examine selected correlates of delusion-like experiences in a sample of non-psychotic individuals. METHOD: Subjects (n=310) were screened with the Diagnostic Interview for Psychosis in order to ...
Al Attia Haider M - - 2008
Three hundred fifty-eight educated women, 172 with secondary school education (49%) and 186 (51%) with higher education, were consented for the study. Eighty-five percent were Arab females with an average age of 28.8 years. They expressed their knowledge on osteoporosis on one-one interview. A score of two or more correct ...
Conington J - - 2008
So that genetic studies can be undertaken on footrot in sheep, it is necessary that a reliable and repeatable method to categorise the phenotype is available. This paper summarises the methods used and results obtained from 1600 hoof lesion scores of 100 mixed-age ewes independently scored twice by two trained ...
van Nes S I - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To revise the static and dynamic normative values for the two-point discrimination test and to examine its applicability and validity in patients with a polyneuropathy. METHODS: Two-point discrimination threshold values were assessed in 427 healthy controls and 99 patients mildly affected by a polyneuropathy. The controls were divided into ...
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