Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1163
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Lip Gregory Y H GY From the University of Birmingham Centre for Cardiovascular Sciences, City Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom (G.Y.H.L., A.B.); and Service de Cardiologie, Pôle Coeur Thorax Vasculaire, Centre Hospitalier, Universitaire Trousseau et Faculté de Médecine, Université François Rabelais, Tours, France (N.C., L.P., L.F.). - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is increasingly prevalent in the elderly, but such patients tend to be under-represented in clinical trials. Increasing age confers a higher risk of stroke and bleeding when antithrombotic therapy is used. We examined risk factors for stroke and bleeding among elderly (age, >75 years) patients within a ...
Lopez Berrizbeitia Maria Fernanda MF Universidad Nacional de Tucuman, Universidad Nacional de - - 2014
Abstract ABSTRACT: Neotyphloceras crassispina hemisus Jordan is redescribed here from male and female specimens collected at the type locality (Otro Cerro, Catamarca Province, Argentina) and nearby localities. New diagnostic morphological characters for both sexes are provided, which includes the shape of the upper lobe of the fixed process of clasper, ...
Kim TaeHee T Department of Neurological Surgery, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA; Neuroscience Training Program, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, - - 2014
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Experimental and clinical studies showed that sex and age play an important role in deciding the outcome after stroke. At younger ages, males were shown to have a higher risk for stroke than females. However, this trend reverses ...
Alaszewski Andy A University of Kent, - - 2014
This article draws on data from a Stroke Association-funded longitudinal study in South East England (2003-2006) that explored the experiences and recovery of 43 stroke survivors under 60 years. Participants were invited to take part in four interviews over an 18-month period and to complete a diary for 1 week each month ...
Huynh Quan L QL Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania, Hobart, - - 2014
We have previously developed a score for predicting cardiovascular events in the intermediate term in an elderly hypertensive population. In this study, we aimed to extend this work to predict 10-year cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in the hypertensive aged population. Ten-year follow-up data of 5,378 hypertensive participants in the Second ...
Stranjalis George G Department of Neurosurgery, University of Athens Medical School, Evangelismos Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Background: There is a paucity of research on the incidence and distribution of stroke types in Greece. This is the first study investigating stroke incidence in a Greek island, the Northern Aegean island of Lesvos (Eastern Mediterranean Sea). Methods: A multisource, prospective population-based register was established and subjects with first-ever ...
Shafto Meredith A MA Centre for Speech, Language and the Brain, Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EB, UK. - - 2014
Language is a crucial and complex lifelong faculty, underpinned by dynamic interactions within and between specialized brain networks. Whereas normal aging impairs specific aspects of language production, most core language processes are robust to brain aging. We review recent behavioral and neuroimaging evidence showing that language systems remain largely stable ...
Poisson Sharon N SN From the Department of Neurology (S.N.P.), University of Colorado Denver, Aurora; the Departments of Epidemiology and Biostatistics (D.G.) and Neurology and Pediatrics (H.J.F.), University of California San Francisco; and Dell Medical School (S.C.J.), University of Texas, Austin. - - 2014
To determine what the trends in stroke mortality have been over 2 decades in young adults. In this cohort study, we analyzed death certificate data for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke (intracerebral hemorrhage [ICH] and subarachnoid hemorrhage [SAH]) in adults aged 20-44 in the United States for 1989 through 2009, covering ...
Mathieu Romain R Laboratoire Langage, Cerveau et Cognition (L2C2), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) & Université de Lyon, 69675, Bron, - - 2014
Children's understanding of linear-order (e.g., Dan is taller than Lisa, Lisa is taller than Jess) and set-inclusion (i.e., All tulips are flowers, All flowers are plants) relationships is critical for the acquisition of deductive reasoning, that is, the ability to reach logically valid conclusions from given premises. Behavioral and neuroimaging ...
Komeda Hidetsugu H The Hakubi Center for Advanced Research Kyoto University, Yoshidaushinomiya-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan. - - 2014
Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are thought to lack self-awareness and to experience difficulty empathising with others. Although these deficits have been demonstrated in previous studies, most of the target stimuli were constructed for typically developing (TD) individuals. We employed judgment tasks capable of indexing self-relevant processing in individuals ...
Glei Dana A DA Center for Population and Health, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia. - - 2014
Recent studies have found mixed results regarding the association between leukocyte telomere length (LTL)-thought to be a marker of cellular aging-and all-cause mortality. Some studies have reported a significant inverse relationship, but others have not, perhaps in part owing to insufficient power. We examine the relationship using data from a ...
Lauckner Heidi M HM School of Occupational Therapy, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, - - 2014
The age-friendly community movement is a community-level approach to promoting seniors' health that has yet to be thoroughly examined from an occupational perspective. Through the application of the Canadian Practice Process Framework to an age-friendly consultation process, the authors examined how age-friendly community consultations may provide strategies for occupational therapists ...
Mimouni Michael M Department of Ophthalmology, Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
Purpose: To analyze the self-citation rate (SCR) of ophthalmology journals, determine its possible effect on a journal's impact factor (IF) and compare the SCR of subspecialty journals versus general ophthalmology journals. Method: A retrospective consecutive study of ophthalmology journals listed in the Journal Citations Report (JCR) 2013. We retrieved these ...
Gallacher Katie I - - 2014
BackgroundThe prevalence of multimorbidity (the presence of two or more long-term conditions) is rising internationally. Multimorbidity affects patients by increasing their burden of symptoms, but is also likely to increase the self-care demands, or treatment burden, that they experience. Treatment burden refers to the effort expended in operationalising treatments, navigating ...
Heisz Jennifer J JJ McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
The human brain undergoes marked structural changes with age including cortical thinning and reduced connectivity because of the degradation of myelin. Although these changes can compromise cognitive function, the brain is able to functionally reorganize to compensate for some of this structural loss. However, there are interesting individual differences in ...
Bugaiska Aurélia A a Laboratoire d'Etude de l'Apprentissage et du Développement (LEAD) , CNRS UMR 5022, University of Burgundy , Dijon , - - 2014
This study was designed to investigate the effect of aging on analogical reasoning by manipulating the strength of semantic association (LowAssoc or HighAssoc) and the number of distracters' semantic analogies of the A:B::C:D type and to determine which factors might be responsible for the age-related differences on analogical reasoning by ...
Tieges Zoë Z Geriatric Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK; Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To quantify longitudinal changes in sedentary behaviour (i.e. non-exercise seated or lying behaviour) following stroke, to ascertain whether reducing sedentary behaviour might be a new therapeutic target. Longitudinal cohort study of patients with acute stroke who were followed over one year. Acute teaching hospital or outpatient clinic, and the community ...
Chung Wei-Sheng WS Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Healthcare Administration, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, - - 2014
We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study to investigate the effects of asthma on the risk of stroke development in an Asian population. Newly diagnosed asthmatic patients aged ≧ 18 years were identified, and asthma-free controls were randomly selected from the general population and frequency matched according to age, sex, ...
Kelly Peter J PJ University College Dublin/ Dublin Academic Medical Centre, Dublin, Ireland - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs in 1-1.5% of populations in developed countries and is independently associated with a 5-fold increase in stroke risk. Up to one-third of patients with first stroke in population studies have AF, with consequent greater neurological impairment, worse disability, increased recurrence risk, and more frequent dementia and ...
Guidetti Susanne S Division of Occupational Therapy, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Box 23 200, SE-141 83 Huddinge, Sweden. - - 2014
Objective: To examine data collected using the Stroke Impact Scale 3.0 (SIS) at 3 and 12 months post-stroke, and to explore any clinically meaningful changes in everyday life in relation to age, gender and stroke severity. Design: Prospective longitudinal study. Methods: A total of 204 persons were assessed using the ...
Weidner Carola Ingrid - - 2014
Abstract Aging is associated with the deterioration of biological functions, which is either caused by accumulation of random defects or mediated by a controlled process. This article provides an overview of age-associated epigenetic alterations in the histone code, DNA-methylation (DNAm) pattern, and chromatin structure. In particular, age-related DNAm changes are ...
Gilleard Chris C Division of Psychiatry, UCL Medical School, - - 2014
This article is a response to David Armstrong's recent, revisionist account of the epidemiological transition which he claims replaced earlier discourses of ageing with new discourses of chronic disease. We argue (i) that he misrepresents a key element in Omran's account of the epidemiological transition, namely the decline in infant, ...
Coelho Bárbara Paula BP Laboratório de Biologia Celular e Tecidual, Centro de Biociências e Biotecnologia, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro (UENF), Campos dos Goytacazes - RJ, - - 2014
Stroke is a disease of the elderly. However, most of the preclinical studies about the treatment of stroke with bone marrow-derived cells have used young animals. Here, it was assessed whether the sensorimotor recovery promoted by the treatment of the brain ischemia with the bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) is ...
Szaflarski J P JP Department of Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, - - 2014
Purpose: To determine how age at the time of left middle cerebral artery stroke affects language lateralization in a combined sample of subjects with perinatal, childhood, and adult stroke. Methods: 19 participants who had perinatal stroke (<1 month of age), 32 with later stroke, and 51 sex-/age-matched healthy controls (HCs) ...
Kim Dae Hyun DH Department of Pharmacy, Molecular Inflammation Research Center for Aging Intervention (MRCA), College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, San 30, Jangjun-dong, Gumjung-gu, Busan, 609-735, - - 2014
FoxO activity and modifications, such as its phosphorylation, acetylation, and methylation, may help drive the expression of genes involved in combating oxidative stress by causing the epigenetic modifications, and thus, preserve cellular function during aging and age-related diseases, such as diabetes, cancer, and Alzheimer disease. Insulin signaling has been postulated ...
Rauber F F Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Universidade Federal de Ciencias da Saude de Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease development is related to known risk factors (such as diet and blood lipids) that begin in childhood. Among dietary factors, the consumption of ultra-processing products has received attention. This study investigated whether children's consumption of processed and ultra-processing products at preschool age predicted an increase in lipid concentrations ...
Kakinami Lisa L Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Compared to traditional non-active video games, exergaming contributes significantly to overall daily physical activity (PA) in experimental studies but the association in observational studies is not clear. Data were available in the 2011-2012 wave of the Nicotine Dependence in Teens (NDIT) study (n=829). Multivariable sex-stratified models assessed the association between ...
Yamamoto Koji K Department of Transfusion Medicine, Nagoya University Hospital, Nagoya, - - 2014
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a principal inhibitor of fibrinolysis, is induced in thrombotic, fibrotic, and cardiovascular diseases, which in turn primarily afflict the older population. This induction of PAI-1 may play an important role in the pathology of these diseases as PAI-1 can regulate the dissolution of fibrin and also ...
Batsis John A JA Department of Medicine, Geisel School of Medicine, Lebanon, - - 2014
Physical activity (PA) improves function in older obese adults. However, body mass index is an unreliable adiposity indicator better reflected by waist circumference (WC). The impact of PA on physical impairment and mobility with high WC is unclear. We performed a secondary data analysis of 4,976 adults ≥60 years using ...
Favaloro Emmanuel J EJ Department of Haematology, Institute of Clinical Pathology and Medical Research (ICPMR), Pathology West, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, - - 2014
The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is well recognized to increase with aging. Concurrently, the plasma concentrations of many coagulation factors (e.g., fibrinogen, factor [F] V, FVII, FVIII, and FIX) increase with aging, as does von Willebrand factor (VWF), thrombin generation, and platelet activation. Data are conflicting regarding age-related changes ...
Somma Antonella A Department of Human Studies, LUMSA University, Rome, - - 2014
The major aim of this study was to evaluate the factor structure of the Italian translation of the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (LSRP) in a sample of 740 community dwelling adult participants. Hull method, minimum average partial analysis and quasi-inferential parallel analysis techniques were used to identify a three-factor solution ...
Barsties Ben B Faculty of Health Care, HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht , Utrecht , The - - 2014
The aim of the study was to determine the impact of body height on speaking fundamental frequency (SF0) while controlling for as many as possible influencing factors such as habits, biophysical conditions, medication, diseases, and others. Fifty-eight females were analyzed during spontaneous speech (i.e. explaining driving directions or a cooking ...
Bell David M - - 2014
Because forest stand structure, age, and productivity can mediate the impacts of climate on quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) mortality, ignoring stand-scale factors limits inference on the drivers of recent sudden aspen decline. Using the proportion of aspen trees that were dead as an index of recent mortality at 841 forest ...
Meulenijzer Evelien E Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, UZ-Gent, 2 Blok A, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
Early menarche has been associated with adult overweight, cardiovascular risk factors, and other diseases. Little is known about the determinants of menarcheal age (MA). Therefore, the main aim of this study was to examine the associations between early life programming factors and menarcheal age in European adolescents. Secondly, the influence ...
Baharudin Azli A Institute for Public Health, Ministry of Health, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - - 2014
The importance of physical activity to health is well recognized. Good health habits should begin from a young age. This article aims to explore physical activity among Malaysian school adolescents and factors associated with it. Data from the Malaysian School-Based Nutrition Survey (MSNS), comprising a nationally representative sample of school-going ...
Martikainen Silja S Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, - - 2014
Little is known about the associations between physical activity (PA) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis (HPAA) activity in adolescents. This knowledge could offer insight into the links between PA and well-being in youth. We studied whether objectively-measured PA is associated with diurnal salivary cortisol responses and morning salivary cortisol responses after a ...
Lee Kyoung Min KM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 300 Gumi-Dong, Bundang-Gu, Sungnam, Kyungki, 463-707, South - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the gender- and body-site-specific factors associated with bone mineral density (BMD) at the femoral neck and lumbar spine in a non-institutionalized population aged ≥50 years characterized by low average calcium intake. The comprehensive data utilized were from the 2010 Fifth Korea National Health ...
Moor B K BK Department of Orthopaedics, Balgrist University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, University of Berne, Insel Hospital, Freiburgstrasse 18, 3010 Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The pathogenesis of full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff remains unclear. Apart from age and trauma, distinct scapular morphologies have been found to be associated with rotator cuff disease. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether a score formed using these established risk factors was able to ...
McCann Terence V TV Victoria University, Discipline of Mental Health Nursing, College of Health and Biomedicine, Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management, Melbourne, - - 2014
Patient aggression occurs in old age psychiatry and is problematic. The aim of this study is to identify the factors that influence clinicians' attitudes toward aggression in old age psychiatry. Eighty-five individuals, comprising nurses (n = 75) and medical and allied health staff (n = 10), completed the questionnaire. The ...
Sharpe John P JP From the Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, - - 2014
Gender alone offers no survival advantage in humans following trauma. However, male gender does predict increased morbidity, specifically ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Previous work has shown that despite lower incidence of VAP, females with VAP have increased mortality. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the impact of VAP and ...
Jefferis Barbara J BJ 1UCL Department of Primary Care & Population Health, UCL Medical School, Rowland Hill Street, London, United Kingdom; 2UCL Physical Activity Research Group, London, United Kingdom;3Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; 4Population Health Research Institute, St George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, United - - 2014
The steep decline in physical activity (PA) among the oldest old is not well understood; there is little information about the patterns of change in PA and sedentary behaviour (SB) in older people. Longitudinal data on objectively measured PA data can give insights about how PA and sedentary behaviour (SB) ...
Marmeleira José J Department of Sport and Health at University of Évora, - - 2014
The main purpose of our study was to quantify, by using accelerometry, daily physical activity (PA) in adults with visual impairments. Sixty-three adults (34.9% women) who are blind (18-65 years) wore an accelerometer for at least 3 days (minimum of 10 hr per day), including 1 weekend day. Nineteen participants ...
Stubbs Brendon B School of Health and Social Care, University of Greenwich, Southwood Site Avery Hill Road Eltham, London SE9 2UG, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
PA shows promise as a modifiable lifestyle intervention to benefit pathological symptoms of dementia. However, little is known about the factors associated with participation in PA in community dwelling adults with dementia. A systematic review was undertaken to identify PA correlates. Two independent reviewers searched major electronic databases and extracted ...
Peels D A DA Department of Psychology, Open University of the Netherlands, Heerlen, PO Box 2960, 6401 DL Heerlen, The Netherlands, Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands and Care and Public Health Research Institute (Caphri), Maastricht University Medical Centre+, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands - - 2014
This study provides insight in the effectiveness of a print-delivered and a Web-based physical activity (PA) intervention (with or without additional environmental information on local PA possibilities) among people aged over 50. Intervention groups (print-delivered basic [PB; n = 439], print-delivered environmental [PE; n = 435], Web-based basic [WB; n ...
Brown David R DR Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS K-77, 4770 Buford Hwy, N.E., Atlanta, GA, 30341-3724, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the dose-response relationship between physical activity (PA) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adults with and without limitations. We dichotomized HRQOL as ≥14 unhealthy (physical or mental) days (past 30 days), or <14 unhealthy days. By using a moderate-intensity minute equivalent, PA ...
Kenter Elise J EJ a Clinical -, Health - and Neuropsychology , Leiden University , PO Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden , The - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Physical activity (PA) can improve wellbeing and health during older age. This study explored how life events influence PA patterns of older adults. Design: 17 interviews with older adults were conducted using a life history method. PA-patterns during the life course were identified, including information on when, how, ...
Machado-Rodrigues Aristides M AM Research Centre for Anthropology and Health, University of Coimbra, - - 2014
Habitual physical activity (PA) may be influenced by a broad range of neighborhood, school, community, and family factors. Young people, particularly girls, tend to show lower habitual PA than boys and should be a target for prevention strategies aimed at healthy lifestyles. The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) ...
Anderson S G SG Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, Core Technology Facility (3rd Floor), University of Manchester, 46 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9NT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the relations between haemostatic factors and lipoproteins with mortality in British Europeans, African-Caribbeans (AfC) and Gujarati Indians. A prospective cohort study of 331 subjects (40-79 years), followed-up over 26 years for mortality. Apolipoprotein-A1 (Apo-A1), apolipoprotein-B (Apo-B), factor VII coagulant activity (FVIIc), fibrinogen and von Willebrand Factor (vWF) were ...
Feng Zhiqiang Z Longitudinal Studies Centre for Scotland and School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St Andrews, Scotland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether dog ownership amongst community dwelling older adults (≥65yr) is associated with objectively measured physical activity (PA). We used data from the Physical Activity Cohort Scotland (PACS) which consists of 547 people aged 65 and over, resident in the community in Tayside, Scotland. The data was collected in ...
Odisho Anobel Y AY Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2014
To estimate the prevalence of male factor infertility diagnosis within the context of assisted reproductive technology (ART) clinics and its geographic and temporal distribution from 1999-2010. Population study based on patients presenting for care at ART centers. Clinics providing ART services. All male patients seeking infertility care at ART clinics. ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >