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Kakinami Lisa L Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Compared to traditional non-active video games, exergaming contributes significantly to overall daily physical activity (PA) in experimental studies but the association in observational studies is not clear. Data were available in the 2011-2012 wave of the Nicotine Dependence in Teens (NDIT) study (n=829). Multivariable sex-stratified models assessed the association between ...
Yamamoto Koji K Department of Transfusion Medicine, Nagoya University Hospital, Nagoya, - - 2014
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a principal inhibitor of fibrinolysis, is induced in thrombotic, fibrotic, and cardiovascular diseases, which in turn primarily afflict the older population. This induction of PAI-1 may play an important role in the pathology of these diseases as PAI-1 can regulate the dissolution of fibrin and also ...
Batsis John A JA Department of Medicine, Geisel School of Medicine, Lebanon, - - 2014
Physical activity (PA) improves function in older obese adults. However, body mass index is an unreliable adiposity indicator better reflected by waist circumference (WC). The impact of PA on physical impairment and mobility with high WC is unclear. We performed a secondary data analysis of 4,976 adults ≥60 years using ...
Favaloro Emmanuel J EJ Department of Haematology, Institute of Clinical Pathology and Medical Research (ICPMR), Pathology West, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, - - 2014
The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is well recognized to increase with aging. Concurrently, the plasma concentrations of many coagulation factors (e.g., fibrinogen, factor [F] V, FVII, FVIII, and FIX) increase with aging, as does von Willebrand factor (VWF), thrombin generation, and platelet activation. Data are conflicting regarding age-related changes ...
Somma Antonella A Department of Human Studies, LUMSA University, Rome, - - 2014
The major aim of this study was to evaluate the factor structure of the Italian translation of the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (LSRP) in a sample of 740 community dwelling adult participants. Hull method, minimum average partial analysis and quasi-inferential parallel analysis techniques were used to identify a three-factor solution ...
Barsties Ben B Faculty of Health Care, HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht , Utrecht , The - - 2014
The aim of the study was to determine the impact of body height on speaking fundamental frequency (SF0) while controlling for as many as possible influencing factors such as habits, biophysical conditions, medication, diseases, and others. Fifty-eight females were analyzed during spontaneous speech (i.e. explaining driving directions or a cooking ...
Meulenijzer Evelien E Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, UZ-Gent, 2 Blok A, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
Early menarche has been associated with adult overweight, cardiovascular risk factors, and other diseases. Little is known about the determinants of menarcheal age (MA). Therefore, the main aim of this study was to examine the associations between early life programming factors and menarcheal age in European adolescents. Secondly, the influence ...
Baharudin Azli A Institute for Public Health, Ministry of Health, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - - 2014
The importance of physical activity to health is well recognized. Good health habits should begin from a young age. This article aims to explore physical activity among Malaysian school adolescents and factors associated with it. Data from the Malaysian School-Based Nutrition Survey (MSNS), comprising a nationally representative sample of school-going ...
Martikainen Silja S Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, - - 2014
Little is known about the associations between physical activity (PA) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis (HPAA) activity in adolescents. This knowledge could offer insight into the links between PA and well-being in youth. We studied whether objectively-measured PA is associated with diurnal salivary cortisol responses and morning salivary cortisol responses after a ...
Lee Kyoung Min KM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 300 Gumi-Dong, Bundang-Gu, Sungnam, Kyungki, 463-707, South - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the gender- and body-site-specific factors associated with bone mineral density (BMD) at the femoral neck and lumbar spine in a non-institutionalized population aged ≥50 years characterized by low average calcium intake. The comprehensive data utilized were from the 2010 Fifth Korea National Health ...
Moor B K BK Department of Orthopaedics, Balgrist University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, University of Berne, Insel Hospital, Freiburgstrasse 18, 3010 Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The pathogenesis of full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff remains unclear. Apart from age and trauma, distinct scapular morphologies have been found to be associated with rotator cuff disease. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether a score formed using these established risk factors was able to ...
McCann Terence V TV Victoria University, Discipline of Mental Health Nursing, College of Health and Biomedicine, Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management, Melbourne, - - 2014
Patient aggression occurs in old age psychiatry and is problematic. The aim of this study is to identify the factors that influence clinicians' attitudes toward aggression in old age psychiatry. Eighty-five individuals, comprising nurses (n = 75) and medical and allied health staff (n = 10), completed the questionnaire. The ...
Sharpe John P JP From the Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, - - 2014
Gender alone offers no survival advantage in humans following trauma. However, male gender does predict increased morbidity, specifically ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Previous work has shown that despite lower incidence of VAP, females with VAP have increased mortality. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the impact of VAP and ...
Jefferis Barbara J BJ 1UCL Department of Primary Care & Population Health, UCL Medical School, Rowland Hill Street, London, United Kingdom; 2UCL Physical Activity Research Group, London, United Kingdom;3Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; 4Population Health Research Institute, St George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, United - - 2014
The steep decline in physical activity (PA) among the oldest old is not well understood; there is little information about the patterns of change in PA and sedentary behaviour (SB) in older people. Longitudinal data on objectively measured PA data can give insights about how PA and sedentary behaviour (SB) ...
Marmeleira José J Department of Sport and Health at University of Évora, - - 2014
The main purpose of our study was to quantify, by using accelerometry, daily physical activity (PA) in adults with visual impairments. Sixty-three adults (34.9% women) who are blind (18-65 years) wore an accelerometer for at least 3 days (minimum of 10 hr per day), including 1 weekend day. Nineteen participants ...
Stubbs Brendon B School of Health and Social Care, University of Greenwich, Southwood Site Avery Hill Road Eltham, London SE9 2UG, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
PA shows promise as a modifiable lifestyle intervention to benefit pathological symptoms of dementia. However, little is known about the factors associated with participation in PA in community dwelling adults with dementia. A systematic review was undertaken to identify PA correlates. Two independent reviewers searched major electronic databases and extracted ...
Peels D A DA Department of Psychology, Open University of the Netherlands, Heerlen, PO Box 2960, 6401 DL Heerlen, The Netherlands, Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands and Care and Public Health Research Institute (Caphri), Maastricht University Medical Centre+, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands - - 2014
This study provides insight in the effectiveness of a print-delivered and a Web-based physical activity (PA) intervention (with or without additional environmental information on local PA possibilities) among people aged over 50. Intervention groups (print-delivered basic [PB; n = 439], print-delivered environmental [PE; n = 435], Web-based basic [WB; n ...
Brown David R DR Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS K-77, 4770 Buford Hwy, N.E., Atlanta, GA, 30341-3724, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the dose-response relationship between physical activity (PA) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adults with and without limitations. We dichotomized HRQOL as ≥14 unhealthy (physical or mental) days (past 30 days), or <14 unhealthy days. By using a moderate-intensity minute equivalent, PA ...
Kenter Elise J EJ a Clinical -, Health - and Neuropsychology , Leiden University , PO Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden , The - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Physical activity (PA) can improve wellbeing and health during older age. This study explored how life events influence PA patterns of older adults. Design: 17 interviews with older adults were conducted using a life history method. PA-patterns during the life course were identified, including information on when, how, ...
Machado-Rodrigues Aristides M AM Research Centre for Anthropology and Health, University of Coimbra, - - 2014
Habitual physical activity (PA) may be influenced by a broad range of neighborhood, school, community, and family factors. Young people, particularly girls, tend to show lower habitual PA than boys and should be a target for prevention strategies aimed at healthy lifestyles. The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) ...
Anderson S G SG Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, Core Technology Facility (3rd Floor), University of Manchester, 46 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9NT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the relations between haemostatic factors and lipoproteins with mortality in British Europeans, African-Caribbeans (AfC) and Gujarati Indians. A prospective cohort study of 331 subjects (40-79 years), followed-up over 26 years for mortality. Apolipoprotein-A1 (Apo-A1), apolipoprotein-B (Apo-B), factor VII coagulant activity (FVIIc), fibrinogen and von Willebrand Factor (vWF) were ...
Feng Zhiqiang Z Longitudinal Studies Centre for Scotland and School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St Andrews, Scotland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether dog ownership amongst community dwelling older adults (≥65yr) is associated with objectively measured physical activity (PA). We used data from the Physical Activity Cohort Scotland (PACS) which consists of 547 people aged 65 and over, resident in the community in Tayside, Scotland. The data was collected in ...
Odisho Anobel Y AY Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2014
To estimate the prevalence of male factor infertility diagnosis within the context of assisted reproductive technology (ART) clinics and its geographic and temporal distribution from 1999-2010. Population study based on patients presenting for care at ART centers. Clinics providing ART services. All male patients seeking infertility care at ART clinics. ...
Major Terry C TC Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nitric oxide (NO) releasing (NORel) materials have been extensively investigated to create localized increases in NO concentration by the proton driven diazeniumdiolate-containing polymer coatings and demonstrated to improve extracorporeal circulation (ECC) hemocompatibility. In this work, the NORel polymeric coating composed of a diazeniumdiolated dibutylhexanediamine (DBHD-N2O2)-containing hydrophobic Elast-eon™ (E2As) polyurethane was ...
Vásquez Elizabeth E University at Albany, School of Public Health, State University of New York, Albany, NY, USA - - 2014
The objective of this study was to (a) to examine whether the association between obesity and physical functioning among older adults is moderated by physical activity (PA) and (b) to test whether this moderating effect varies by gender. Data from adults (aged >60 years) who participated in the National Health ...
Liew Amy Kia Cheen AK Faculty of Dentistry, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
To assess rugby players' preferences for using a mouthguard and to determine the factors contributing to the use and discontinuation of a mouthguard. A cross-sectional study was conducted in two rugby tournaments from 2009 to 2010. Samples were selected by convenience sampling. Participants were required to complete a self-administered questionnaire, ...
Ichibori Ryoko R Department of Plastic Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, - - 2014
Twin studies, especially those involving monozygotic (MZ) twins, facilitate the analysis of factors affecting skin aging while controlling for age, gender, and genetic susceptibility. The purpose of this study was to objectively assess various features of facial skin and analyze the effects of environmental factors on these features in MZ ...
Brito Thais Alves TA Núcleo de Estudos em Epidemiologia do Envelhecimento, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia (UESB), Bahia, - - 2014
To analyze the fall-related factors in community-dwelling elderly. Epidemiologic cross-sectional population-based household study with hierarchical interrelationships among the potential risk factors. The sample was made up of noninstitutionalized individuals over age 60, who were resident of a city in Brazil's Northeast Region. The dependent variable was fall occurrence in the ...
Babac Snezana S *ENT Clinic, Clinical and Hospital Center "Zvezdara"; †Medical School University of Belgrade, Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery; and ‡University of Belgrade School of Medicine, Clinic for Cardiac Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the potential risk factors associated to the treatment failure and recurrence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Prospective cohort study. Tertiary referral center. Four hundred patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, 119 men and 281 women, aged 27 to 88 years. Patients were treated once a week, with ...
Koh Eun Sil ES Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, National Medical Center, 245, Eulji-ro, Jung-gu, 100-799 Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate age and gender patterns in associations between lifestyle factors and physical performance in community-dwelling older Korean adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a population-based sample of an urban area. Randomly sampled older Korean adults (n=664; mean age, 74.6 years) participated. Data on current physical activity level and ...
Marquez David X DX University of Illinois at Chicago, USA - - 2014
Ethnic/racial minorities often live in neighborhoods that are not conducive to physical activity (PA) participation. We examined perceived factors related to walking/PA among Spanish- and English-speaking older Latinos in a low-income, multi-ethnic neighborhood. Exploratory focus group study was conducted with Latinos stratified by preferred language and gender: English-speaking women (n ...
de Souto Barreto Philipe P UMR 7268 ADES, Aix-Marseille Université/EFS/CNRS, Marseille, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies that investigated stability of PA in older populations are scarce. Moreover, no studies used dynamic indicators to predict PA trajectories. The purpose of the present study were to investigate PA stability overtime, and to examine if changes in self-reported physical function (dynamic indicator) are better predictors of trajectories of ...
Wen Lu L Urodynamics Centre, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China; Department of Nephrology, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China; Institute of Clinical Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
To explore the risk factors of nocturia in Chinese inhabitants aged ≥40 years. A randomized, community-based, cross-sectional study was performed on 10,160 inhabitants ≥40 years old in mainland China, via a stratified sampling approach. A questionnaire, including socio-demographics, lifestyle factors and medical history, was completed. Nocturia was defined as a ...
Bielemann R M RM Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Marechal Deodoro, 1160-3° andar, CEP 96020-220, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, - - 2014
Association between three physical activity (PA) measurements throughout adolescence and bone density at 18 years of age was investigated. PA was associated with both lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) in early adulthood independent of type of PA used in the analysis. The results were more consistent in ...
Bell Christina L CL Department of Geriatric Medicine, John A. Hartford Center of Excellence in Geriatrics, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, - - 2014
To identify potentially modifiable late-life biological, lifestyle, and sociodemographic factors associated with overall and healthy survival to age 85. Prospective longitudinal cohort study with 21 years of follow-up (1991-2012). Hawaii Lifespan Study. American men of Japanese ancestry (mean age 75.7, range 71-82) without baseline major clinical morbidity and functional impairments (N = 1,292). ...
Rutten Cindy C Department of Kinesiology, KU Leuven Leuven, - - 2014
To examine which school- and home-based factors at age 11-12 (6th grade, elementary school) predict physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) at age 13-14 (8th grade, secondary school). Data at both time points were collected from 472 children (M age baseline = 10.97, SD age = 0.41) and their ...
Barbosa João Paulo JP University of Pernambuco, Associate Graduate Program in Physical Education UPE/UFPB, Arnóbio Marques Street, 310, Recife, 52050, - - 2014
The main barriers reported by the patients with claudication are related to claudication symptoms. However, it remains unclear whether these barriers are associated with physical activity levels in these patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the barriers to and the factors associated with physical activity (PA) in ...
Cook Tina L TL Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Harokopio University, 70 El. Venizelou Ave., Kallithea 17671, Athens, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the moderation effects of sex, age, and psychosocial determinants (intention, social support, and modeling) of physical activity (PA) in the relationship between an Internet-based computer-tailored intervention program (Activ-O-Meter) and modes of PA and commuting. The Activ-O-Meter with intervention and control condition was ...
Wilding Martin M Centre for Reproduction and Advanced Technology, St. Georges House, 3-5 Pepys Road, London, SW20 8NJ, UK, - - 2014
A negative correlation exists between advanced maternal age and reproduction. Current data suggest that this correlation is due to a decline in oocyte quality with respect to female age. Since a new individual is derived from the fusion of a single sperm and egg, we tested whether the quality of ...
Lohne-Seiler Hilde - - 2014
The link between physical activity (PA) and prevention of disease, maintenance of independence, and improved quality of life in older adults is supported by strong evidence. However, there is a lack of data on population levels in this regard, where PA level has been measured objectively. The main aims were ...
Holm D E DE Department of Production Animal Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X04, Onderstepoort, 0110, South - - 2014
Although feto-maternal disproportion is the major cause of dystocia in heifers, pelvis area (PA) is not recommended as a culling tool due to its relatively low importance and genetic correlation with calf birth weight (BWT), the most important factor associated with dystocia. The objective of this observational study of 484 ...
Gómez-Cabello Alba A Centro Universitario de la Defensa, Zaragoza, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aims of this study were to identify if the associations of physical activity (PA) and muscle strength may vary throughout the ageing process; to study the differences among genders in the relationships between PA and strength in elderly people and to test whether these differences are explained by the ...
Kateeb Elham Talib ET Oral Health Research and Promotion, Al Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine; Public Policy Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, - - 2014
The atraumatic restorative treatment (ART) was developed as an affordable, patient-friendly dental caries management procedure that does not need extensive operator training or special skills. The aim of this study was to determine factors that influence the decision to use ART using an innovative marketing research technique known as conjoint ...
Gouveia Elvio Rúbio ER Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Madeira, Funchal, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study describes the association between habitual physical activity (PA), other lifestyle/constitutive factors, body composition, and bone health/strength in a large sample of older adults from Madeira, Portugal. This cross-sectional study included 401 males and 401 females aged 60-79 years old. Femoral strength index (FSI) and bone mineral density (BMD) ...
Huang E J-C EJ 1] Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital- Chiayi, Chiayi, Taiwan [2] Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Tao-Yuan, - - 2014
AimThis study aimed to ascertain the prevalence of and the risk factors associated with early and late age-related macular degeneration (AMD) among Chinese individuals aged ≥65 years residing in Puzih, Taiwan.MethodsThis population-based cross-sectional study graded digital colour photographs of the ocular fundus of 673 individuals using the Wisconsin Age-Related Maculopathy ...
Francis Shelby L SL Department of Health and Human Physiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies of youth athletics and interventions have shown some maintenance of bone mineral content (BMC; g) after cessation of training, but less is known about sustained effects of everyday physical activity (PA). Using a prospective cohort, this report examined potential effects of childhood PA on adolescent BMC. Participants (N=156 boys, ...
Francis Ryan M RM Human Energy Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, - - 2014
Reductions in fibrinolytic potential occur with both aging and physical inactivity and are associated with an increased cardiovascular disease risk. Plasmin, the enzyme responsible for the enzymatic degradation of fibrin clots, is activated by tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), while plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) inhibits its activation. Currently, fibrinolysis research focuses ...
Hyland Michael E ME School of Psychology, Plymouth University. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether factor analysis of a set of health-related biomarkers provides evidence of an underlying common dimension of variation, and to explore the relationship between this dimension of variation with positive and negative affect. Twelve health-related metabolic, immune and body-composition biomarkers at ages 5,7, 9, 11, 14 and 16 ...
V Anufriieva Elena E Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, Department of Marine Animal Physiology and Biochemistry, Sevastopol, 99011, Ukraine. - - 2014
Arctodiaptomus salinus inhabits water bodies across Eurasia and North Africa. Based on our own data and that from the literature, we analyzed the influences of several factors on the intra- and inter-population variability of this species. A strong negative linear correlation between temperature and average body size in the Crimean ...
Bielemann Renata M RM Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology - Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate prospective association between physical activity (PA) and bone mineral density (BMD) in young adults. Total body (TB), lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN) BMD were measured in participants from the 1982 Pelotas Birth Cohort by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry at 30y. PA was evaluated at 15, 18 (males) ...
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