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Bugaiska Aurélia A a Laboratoire d'Etude de l'Apprentissage et du Développement (LEAD) , CNRS UMR 5022, University of Burgundy , Dijon , - - 2014
This study was designed to investigate the effect of aging on analogical reasoning by manipulating the strength of semantic association (LowAssoc or HighAssoc) and the number of distracters' semantic analogies of the A:B::C:D type and to determine which factors might be responsible for the age-related differences on analogical reasoning by ...
Tieges Zoë Z Geriatric Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK; Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To quantify longitudinal changes in sedentary behaviour (i.e. non-exercise seated or lying behaviour) following stroke, to ascertain whether reducing sedentary behaviour might be a new therapeutic target. Longitudinal cohort study of patients with acute stroke who were followed over one year. Acute teaching hospital or outpatient clinic, and the community ...
Chung Wei-Sheng WS Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Healthcare Administration, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, - - 2014
We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study to investigate the effects of asthma on the risk of stroke development in an Asian population. Newly diagnosed asthmatic patients aged ≧ 18 years were identified, and asthma-free controls were randomly selected from the general population and frequency matched according to age, sex, ...
Kelly Peter J PJ University College Dublin/ Dublin Academic Medical Centre, Dublin, Ireland - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs in 1-1.5% of populations in developed countries and is independently associated with a 5-fold increase in stroke risk. Up to one-third of patients with first stroke in population studies have AF, with consequent greater neurological impairment, worse disability, increased recurrence risk, and more frequent dementia and ...
Guidetti Susanne S Division of Occupational Therapy, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Box 23 200, SE-141 83 Huddinge, Sweden. - - 2014
Objective: To examine data collected using the Stroke Impact Scale 3.0 (SIS) at 3 and 12 months post-stroke, and to explore any clinically meaningful changes in everyday life in relation to age, gender and stroke severity. Design: Prospective longitudinal study. Methods: A total of 204 persons were assessed using the ...
Weidner Carola Ingrid - - 2014
Abstract Aging is associated with the deterioration of biological functions, which is either caused by accumulation of random defects or mediated by a controlled process. This article provides an overview of age-associated epigenetic alterations in the histone code, DNA-methylation (DNAm) pattern, and chromatin structure. In particular, age-related DNAm changes are ...
Gilleard Chris C Division of Psychiatry, UCL Medical School, - - 2014
This article is a response to David Armstrong's recent, revisionist account of the epidemiological transition which he claims replaced earlier discourses of ageing with new discourses of chronic disease. We argue (i) that he misrepresents a key element in Omran's account of the epidemiological transition, namely the decline in infant, ...
Coelho Bárbara Paula BP Laboratório de Biologia Celular e Tecidual, Centro de Biociências e Biotecnologia, Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro (UENF), Campos dos Goytacazes - RJ, - - 2014
Stroke is a disease of the elderly. However, most of the preclinical studies about the treatment of stroke with bone marrow-derived cells have used young animals. Here, it was assessed whether the sensorimotor recovery promoted by the treatment of the brain ischemia with the bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) is ...
Szaflarski J P JP Department of Neurology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, - - 2014
Purpose: To determine how age at the time of left middle cerebral artery stroke affects language lateralization in a combined sample of subjects with perinatal, childhood, and adult stroke. Methods: 19 participants who had perinatal stroke (<1 month of age), 32 with later stroke, and 51 sex-/age-matched healthy controls (HCs) ...
Kim Dae Hyun DH Department of Pharmacy, Molecular Inflammation Research Center for Aging Intervention (MRCA), College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University, San 30, Jangjun-dong, Gumjung-gu, Busan, 609-735, - - 2014
FoxO activity and modifications, such as its phosphorylation, acetylation, and methylation, may help drive the expression of genes involved in combating oxidative stress by causing the epigenetic modifications, and thus, preserve cellular function during aging and age-related diseases, such as diabetes, cancer, and Alzheimer disease. Insulin signaling has been postulated ...
Kakinami Lisa L Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, - - 2014
Compared to traditional non-active video games, exergaming contributes significantly to overall daily physical activity (PA) in experimental studies but the association in observational studies is not clear. Data were available in the 2011-2012 wave of the Nicotine Dependence in Teens (NDIT) study (n=829). Multivariable sex-stratified models assessed the association between ...
Yamamoto Koji K Department of Transfusion Medicine, Nagoya University Hospital, Nagoya, - - 2014
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a principal inhibitor of fibrinolysis, is induced in thrombotic, fibrotic, and cardiovascular diseases, which in turn primarily afflict the older population. This induction of PAI-1 may play an important role in the pathology of these diseases as PAI-1 can regulate the dissolution of fibrin and also ...
Batsis John A JA Department of Medicine, Geisel School of Medicine, Lebanon, - - 2014
Physical activity (PA) improves function in older obese adults. However, body mass index is an unreliable adiposity indicator better reflected by waist circumference (WC). The impact of PA on physical impairment and mobility with high WC is unclear. We performed a secondary data analysis of 4,976 adults ≥60 years using ...
Favaloro Emmanuel J EJ Department of Haematology, Institute of Clinical Pathology and Medical Research (ICPMR), Pathology West, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, - - 2014
The incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is well recognized to increase with aging. Concurrently, the plasma concentrations of many coagulation factors (e.g., fibrinogen, factor [F] V, FVII, FVIII, and FIX) increase with aging, as does von Willebrand factor (VWF), thrombin generation, and platelet activation. Data are conflicting regarding age-related changes ...
Somma Antonella A Department of Human Studies, LUMSA University, Rome, - - 2014
The major aim of this study was to evaluate the factor structure of the Italian translation of the Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale (LSRP) in a sample of 740 community dwelling adult participants. Hull method, minimum average partial analysis and quasi-inferential parallel analysis techniques were used to identify a three-factor solution ...
Barsties Ben B Faculty of Health Care, HU University of Applied Sciences Utrecht , Utrecht , The - - 2014
The aim of the study was to determine the impact of body height on speaking fundamental frequency (SF0) while controlling for as many as possible influencing factors such as habits, biophysical conditions, medication, diseases, and others. Fifty-eight females were analyzed during spontaneous speech (i.e. explaining driving directions or a cooking ...
Bell David M - - 2014
Because forest stand structure, age, and productivity can mediate the impacts of climate on quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) mortality, ignoring stand-scale factors limits inference on the drivers of recent sudden aspen decline. Using the proportion of aspen trees that were dead as an index of recent mortality at 841 forest ...
Meulenijzer Evelien E Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, UZ-Gent, 2 Blok A, De Pintelaan 185, 9000, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
Early menarche has been associated with adult overweight, cardiovascular risk factors, and other diseases. Little is known about the determinants of menarcheal age (MA). Therefore, the main aim of this study was to examine the associations between early life programming factors and menarcheal age in European adolescents. Secondly, the influence ...
Baharudin Azli A Institute for Public Health, Ministry of Health, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - - 2014
The importance of physical activity to health is well recognized. Good health habits should begin from a young age. This article aims to explore physical activity among Malaysian school adolescents and factors associated with it. Data from the Malaysian School-Based Nutrition Survey (MSNS), comprising a nationally representative sample of school-going ...
Martikainen Silja S Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, - - 2014
Little is known about the associations between physical activity (PA) and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis (HPAA) activity in adolescents. This knowledge could offer insight into the links between PA and well-being in youth. We studied whether objectively-measured PA is associated with diurnal salivary cortisol responses and morning salivary cortisol responses after a ...
Lee Kyoung Min KM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, 300 Gumi-Dong, Bundang-Gu, Sungnam, Kyungki, 463-707, South - - 2014
The aim of this study was to investigate the gender- and body-site-specific factors associated with bone mineral density (BMD) at the femoral neck and lumbar spine in a non-institutionalized population aged ≥50 years characterized by low average calcium intake. The comprehensive data utilized were from the 2010 Fifth Korea National Health ...
Moor B K BK Department of Orthopaedics, Balgrist University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, University of Berne, Insel Hospital, Freiburgstrasse 18, 3010 Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The pathogenesis of full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff remains unclear. Apart from age and trauma, distinct scapular morphologies have been found to be associated with rotator cuff disease. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether a score formed using these established risk factors was able to ...
McCann Terence V TV Victoria University, Discipline of Mental Health Nursing, College of Health and Biomedicine, Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management, Melbourne, - - 2014
Patient aggression occurs in old age psychiatry and is problematic. The aim of this study is to identify the factors that influence clinicians' attitudes toward aggression in old age psychiatry. Eighty-five individuals, comprising nurses (n = 75) and medical and allied health staff (n = 10), completed the questionnaire. The ...
Sharpe John P JP From the Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, - - 2014
Gender alone offers no survival advantage in humans following trauma. However, male gender does predict increased morbidity, specifically ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Previous work has shown that despite lower incidence of VAP, females with VAP have increased mortality. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the impact of VAP and ...
Jefferis Barbara J BJ 1UCL Department of Primary Care & Population Health, UCL Medical School, Rowland Hill Street, London, United Kingdom; 2UCL Physical Activity Research Group, London, United Kingdom;3Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; 4Population Health Research Institute, St George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London, United - - 2014
The steep decline in physical activity (PA) among the oldest old is not well understood; there is little information about the patterns of change in PA and sedentary behaviour (SB) in older people. Longitudinal data on objectively measured PA data can give insights about how PA and sedentary behaviour (SB) ...
Marmeleira José J Department of Sport and Health at University of Évora, - - 2014
The main purpose of our study was to quantify, by using accelerometry, daily physical activity (PA) in adults with visual impairments. Sixty-three adults (34.9% women) who are blind (18-65 years) wore an accelerometer for at least 3 days (minimum of 10 hr per day), including 1 weekend day. Nineteen participants ...
Stubbs Brendon B School of Health and Social Care, University of Greenwich, Southwood Site Avery Hill Road Eltham, London SE9 2UG, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
PA shows promise as a modifiable lifestyle intervention to benefit pathological symptoms of dementia. However, little is known about the factors associated with participation in PA in community dwelling adults with dementia. A systematic review was undertaken to identify PA correlates. Two independent reviewers searched major electronic databases and extracted ...
Peels D A DA Department of Psychology, Open University of the Netherlands, Heerlen, PO Box 2960, 6401 DL Heerlen, The Netherlands, Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Health Promotion, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands and Care and Public Health Research Institute (Caphri), Maastricht University Medical Centre+, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands - - 2014
This study provides insight in the effectiveness of a print-delivered and a Web-based physical activity (PA) intervention (with or without additional environmental information on local PA possibilities) among people aged over 50. Intervention groups (print-delivered basic [PB; n = 439], print-delivered environmental [PE; n = 435], Web-based basic [WB; n ...
Brown David R DR Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS K-77, 4770 Buford Hwy, N.E., Atlanta, GA, 30341-3724, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the dose-response relationship between physical activity (PA) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adults with and without limitations. We dichotomized HRQOL as ≥14 unhealthy (physical or mental) days (past 30 days), or <14 unhealthy days. By using a moderate-intensity minute equivalent, PA ...
Kenter Elise J EJ a Clinical -, Health - and Neuropsychology , Leiden University , PO Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden , The - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Physical activity (PA) can improve wellbeing and health during older age. This study explored how life events influence PA patterns of older adults. Design: 17 interviews with older adults were conducted using a life history method. PA-patterns during the life course were identified, including information on when, how, ...
Machado-Rodrigues Aristides M AM Research Centre for Anthropology and Health, University of Coimbra, - - 2014
Habitual physical activity (PA) may be influenced by a broad range of neighborhood, school, community, and family factors. Young people, particularly girls, tend to show lower habitual PA than boys and should be a target for prevention strategies aimed at healthy lifestyles. The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) ...
Anderson S G SG Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, Core Technology Facility (3rd Floor), University of Manchester, 46 Grafton Street, Manchester M13 9NT, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the relations between haemostatic factors and lipoproteins with mortality in British Europeans, African-Caribbeans (AfC) and Gujarati Indians. A prospective cohort study of 331 subjects (40-79 years), followed-up over 26 years for mortality. Apolipoprotein-A1 (Apo-A1), apolipoprotein-B (Apo-B), factor VII coagulant activity (FVIIc), fibrinogen and von Willebrand Factor (vWF) were ...
Feng Zhiqiang Z Longitudinal Studies Centre for Scotland and School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St Andrews, Scotland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine whether dog ownership amongst community dwelling older adults (≥65yr) is associated with objectively measured physical activity (PA). We used data from the Physical Activity Cohort Scotland (PACS) which consists of 547 people aged 65 and over, resident in the community in Tayside, Scotland. The data was collected in ...
Odisho Anobel Y AY Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2014
To estimate the prevalence of male factor infertility diagnosis within the context of assisted reproductive technology (ART) clinics and its geographic and temporal distribution from 1999-2010. Population study based on patients presenting for care at ART centers. Clinics providing ART services. All male patients seeking infertility care at ART clinics. ...
Major Terry C TC Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nitric oxide (NO) releasing (NORel) materials have been extensively investigated to create localized increases in NO concentration by the proton driven diazeniumdiolate-containing polymer coatings and demonstrated to improve extracorporeal circulation (ECC) hemocompatibility. In this work, the NORel polymeric coating composed of a diazeniumdiolated dibutylhexanediamine (DBHD-N2O2)-containing hydrophobic Elast-eon™ (E2As) polyurethane was ...
Vásquez Elizabeth E University at Albany, School of Public Health, State University of New York, Albany, NY, USA - - 2014
The objective of this study was to (a) to examine whether the association between obesity and physical functioning among older adults is moderated by physical activity (PA) and (b) to test whether this moderating effect varies by gender. Data from adults (aged >60 years) who participated in the National Health ...
Liew Amy Kia Cheen AK Faculty of Dentistry, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
To assess rugby players' preferences for using a mouthguard and to determine the factors contributing to the use and discontinuation of a mouthguard. A cross-sectional study was conducted in two rugby tournaments from 2009 to 2010. Samples were selected by convenience sampling. Participants were required to complete a self-administered questionnaire, ...
Ichibori Ryoko R Department of Plastic Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, - - 2014
Twin studies, especially those involving monozygotic (MZ) twins, facilitate the analysis of factors affecting skin aging while controlling for age, gender, and genetic susceptibility. The purpose of this study was to objectively assess various features of facial skin and analyze the effects of environmental factors on these features in MZ ...
Brito Thais Alves TA Núcleo de Estudos em Epidemiologia do Envelhecimento, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia (UESB), Bahia, - - 2014
To analyze the fall-related factors in community-dwelling elderly. Epidemiologic cross-sectional population-based household study with hierarchical interrelationships among the potential risk factors. The sample was made up of noninstitutionalized individuals over age 60, who were resident of a city in Brazil's Northeast Region. The dependent variable was fall occurrence in the ...
Babac Snezana S *ENT Clinic, Clinical and Hospital Center "Zvezdara"; †Medical School University of Belgrade, Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery; and ‡University of Belgrade School of Medicine, Clinic for Cardiac Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the potential risk factors associated to the treatment failure and recurrence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Prospective cohort study. Tertiary referral center. Four hundred patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, 119 men and 281 women, aged 27 to 88 years. Patients were treated once a week, with ...
Koh Eun Sil ES Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, National Medical Center, 245, Eulji-ro, Jung-gu, 100-799 Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Biomedical Engineering, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate age and gender patterns in associations between lifestyle factors and physical performance in community-dwelling older Korean adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a population-based sample of an urban area. Randomly sampled older Korean adults (n=664; mean age, 74.6 years) participated. Data on current physical activity level and ...
Marquez David X DX University of Illinois at Chicago, USA - - 2014
Ethnic/racial minorities often live in neighborhoods that are not conducive to physical activity (PA) participation. We examined perceived factors related to walking/PA among Spanish- and English-speaking older Latinos in a low-income, multi-ethnic neighborhood. Exploratory focus group study was conducted with Latinos stratified by preferred language and gender: English-speaking women (n ...
de Souto Barreto Philipe P UMR 7268 ADES, Aix-Marseille Université/EFS/CNRS, Marseille, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Studies that investigated stability of PA in older populations are scarce. Moreover, no studies used dynamic indicators to predict PA trajectories. The purpose of the present study were to investigate PA stability overtime, and to examine if changes in self-reported physical function (dynamic indicator) are better predictors of trajectories of ...
Wen Lu L Urodynamics Centre, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China; Department of Nephrology, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China; Institute of Clinical Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, - - 2014
To explore the risk factors of nocturia in Chinese inhabitants aged ≥40 years. A randomized, community-based, cross-sectional study was performed on 10,160 inhabitants ≥40 years old in mainland China, via a stratified sampling approach. A questionnaire, including socio-demographics, lifestyle factors and medical history, was completed. Nocturia was defined as a ...
Bielemann R M RM Post-Graduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Rua Marechal Deodoro, 1160-3° andar, CEP 96020-220, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, - - 2014
Association between three physical activity (PA) measurements throughout adolescence and bone density at 18 years of age was investigated. PA was associated with both lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) in early adulthood independent of type of PA used in the analysis. The results were more consistent in ...
Bell Christina L CL Department of Geriatric Medicine, John A. Hartford Center of Excellence in Geriatrics, John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, - - 2014
To identify potentially modifiable late-life biological, lifestyle, and sociodemographic factors associated with overall and healthy survival to age 85. Prospective longitudinal cohort study with 21 years of follow-up (1991-2012). Hawaii Lifespan Study. American men of Japanese ancestry (mean age 75.7, range 71-82) without baseline major clinical morbidity and functional impairments (N = 1,292). ...
Rutten Cindy C Department of Kinesiology, KU Leuven Leuven, - - 2014
To examine which school- and home-based factors at age 11-12 (6th grade, elementary school) predict physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) at age 13-14 (8th grade, secondary school). Data at both time points were collected from 472 children (M age baseline = 10.97, SD age = 0.41) and their ...
Barbosa João Paulo JP University of Pernambuco, Associate Graduate Program in Physical Education UPE/UFPB, Arnóbio Marques Street, 310, Recife, 52050, - - 2014
The main barriers reported by the patients with claudication are related to claudication symptoms. However, it remains unclear whether these barriers are associated with physical activity levels in these patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the barriers to and the factors associated with physical activity (PA) in ...
Cook Tina L TL Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Harokopio University, 70 El. Venizelou Ave., Kallithea 17671, Athens, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the moderation effects of sex, age, and psychosocial determinants (intention, social support, and modeling) of physical activity (PA) in the relationship between an Internet-based computer-tailored intervention program (Activ-O-Meter) and modes of PA and commuting. The Activ-O-Meter with intervention and control condition was ...
Wilding Martin M Centre for Reproduction and Advanced Technology, St. Georges House, 3-5 Pepys Road, London, SW20 8NJ, UK, - - 2014
A negative correlation exists between advanced maternal age and reproduction. Current data suggest that this correlation is due to a decline in oocyte quality with respect to female age. Since a new individual is derived from the fusion of a single sperm and egg, we tested whether the quality of ...
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