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Pickering Charles A CA * Department of Radiation Safety, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte CA 91010; † Division of Radiology; ‡ Division of Cancer Immunotherapeutics and Tumor Immunology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA - - 2014
Initial radiation exposure levels (Equation is included in full-text article.)(0) at 1 m from the navel of thyroid cancer patients were measured for 165 individuals at the time of ingestion. Some 61 patients had previously signed informed consent so only those patients could be assayed with regard to body parameters. ...
Piacentini M F MF Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences University of Rome "Foro Italico", Rome, Italy - - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to analyze how many finalists of the IAAF World Junior Championships (WJC) in the throwing events were present in the senior IAAF ranking at the end of 2012. The results of the 8 male and the 8 female finalists of all throwing events ...
Jusko Todd A TA Division of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, - - 2014
Some experimental and human data suggest that exposure to PCBs may induce ototoxicity, though results of previous epidemiologic studies are mixed, and generally focus on either prenatal or postnatal PCB concentrations exclusively. Our aim was to evaluate the association between pre- and postnatal PCB concentrations in relation to cochlear status ...
Van Cauwenberg Jelle - - 2014
Previous questionnaires targeting older adults' sedentary time have underestimated total sedentary time, possibly by not including all relevant specific sedentary behaviors. The current study aimed to investigate the criterion validity and test-retest reliability of a new questionnaire assessing a comprehensive set of sedentary behaviors. Additionally, we examined whether the criterion ...
Dossi Fabio Cleisto Alda FC Insect Interactions Laboratory, Department of Entomology and Acarology, College of Agriculture "Luiz de Queiroz", University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil, - - 2014
The infection density of symbionts is among the major parameters to understand their biological effects in host-endosymbionts interactions. Diaphorina citri harbors two bacteriome-associated bacterial endosymbionts (Candidatus Carsonella ruddii and Candidatus Profftella armatura), besides the intracellular reproductive parasite Wolbachia. In this study, the density dynamics of the three endosymbionts associated with ...
Romero-Ortuno Roman R The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), Trinity College Dublin, Lincoln Gate, Dublin 2, Republic of Ireland, - - 2014
Orthostatic hemodynamic signals may predict adverse outcomes in elders. To study the association between orthostatic hemodynamics and incident mortality in The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). Wave 1 subjects underwent an active stand with non-invasive beat-to-beat blood pressure monitoring. We compared wave 1 active stands, dead vs alive in ...
Gill Jagbir J Division of Nephrology and Center for Health Evaluation and Outcomes Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; and - - 2014
Living kidney donation is declining in the United States. We examined longitudinal trends in living donation as a function of median household income and donor relation to assess the effect of financial barriers on donation in a changing economic environment. The zip code-level median household income of all 71,882 living ...
Lepeule Johanna J Harvard school of public health, environmental health , 401 parkd drive , room 415 , landmark center west , boston, Massachusetts, United States , 02215 , 6173848747 , 6173848728 ; - - 2014
Rationale Few studies have been performed on air pollution effects on lung function in the elderly, a vulnerable population with low reserve capacity, and even fewer looking at changes in the rate of lung function decline. Objectives We evaluated the effect of long-term exposure to black carbon on levels and ...
Kanasashi Tsutomu T Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We assessed the radiocesium contamination of sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) forests in eastern Japan from November 2012 to February 2013, including 80 sites in Fukushima and 35 sites in other regions (Tohoku and Kanto-Koshinetsu), by measuring the (137)Cs concentrations in needles of different ages, male flowers, and pollen. Over a wide ...
Wendland Barbara E BE Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 1A8. Electronic address: - - 2014
Large population-based studies suggest that systematic measures of maternal sensitivity predict later risk for overweight and obesity. More work is needed to establish the developmental timing and potential moderators of this association. The current study examined the association between maternal sensitivity at 6 months of age and BMI z score ...
Jackson Matthew O MO Department of Economics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305;Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, NM 87501; andCanadian Institute for Advanced Research, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 1Z8 - - 2014
We examine different populations' play in coordination games in online experiments with over 1,000 study participants. Study participants played a two-player coordination game that had multiple equilibria: two equilibria with highly asymmetric payoffs and another equilibrium with symmetric payoffs but a slightly lower total payoff. Study participants were predominantly from ...
McCallum James L JL National Centre for Groundwater Research and Training, Adelaide, SA, - - 2014
Apparent ages obtained from the measured concentrations of environmental tracers have the potential to inform recharge rates, flow rates, and assist in the calibration of groundwater models. A number of studies have investigated sources of error in the relationships between the apparent ages, and the age assumed by models to ...
Jenkins Nathaniel D M ND University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 211 Ruth Leverton Hall, Lincoln, NE 68583, United - - 2014
To quantify the reliability of isometric leg extension torque (LEMVC), rate of torque development (LERTD), isometric handgrip force (HGMVC) and RFD (HGRFD), isokinetic leg extension torque and power at 1.05rad·s(-1) and 3.14rad·s(-1); and explore relationships among strength, power, and balance in older men. Sixteen older men completed 3 isometric handgrips, ...
Wrigley R D RD Blackburn Rovers FC, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to compare 3-year changes in physical performance between junior soccer players selected for an elite academy and age-matched controls. The 3-year changes in indicators of the physical performance were quantified in 12-16-year-old Premier League Academy (n=27) and non-academy soccer players (n=18). Data were analysed ...
Woodard Todd T Cardiovascular Engineering Inc, Norwood, - - 2014
Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) is a potentially powerful tool for analysis of kidney structure and function. The ability to measure functional and hypofunctional tissues could provide important information in groups at risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD), such as the elderly. Observational study with a cross-sectional design. 493 ...
Steiner Bernhard B Institute of Medical Genetics, University of Zurich, Schwerzenbach, - - 2014
The past decades have seen a remarkable shift in the demographics of childbearing in Western countries. The risk for offspring with chromosomal aneuploidies with advancing maternal age is well known, but most studies failed to demonstrate a paternal age effect. Retrospectively, we analyzed two case data sets containing parental ages ...
Durazo-Arvizu Ramon A RA From the Departments of Public Health Sciences (RAD-A, BT, LRD, RSC, and AL) and Endocrinology (PC), Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, IL; the Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland (PB); the Ministry of Health, Victoria, Republic of Seychelles (PB); the Tropical Medicine Research Institute, University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston, Jamaica (TF); the Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa (EVL); Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana (JP-R); the Departments of Laboratory Medicine and Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (ANH); and Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY - - 2014
The vitamin D-endocrine system is thought to play a role in physiologic processes that range from mineral metabolism to immune function. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is the accepted biomarker for vitamin D status. Skin color is a key determinant of circulating 25(OH)D concentrations, and genes responsible for melanin content have ...
Andagalu Ben - - 2014
The effects that artemether-lumefantrine (AL) has on gametocyte dynamics in the short-term have recently been described. However there is limited long-term longitudinal data on the effect of AL on gametocyte dynamics in asymptomatic children. An epidemiological study was conducted in Kombewa, Western Kenya, in which 270 asymptomatic children aged between ...
Katz-Hanani Ilana I Department of Biomedical Engineering, Technion IIT, Haifa, - - 2014
The aim of the current work was to quantify the ultrasonic properties of the whole breast in vivo as a function of age. Forty-four women were scanned using a computerized ultrasonic scanner developed in our laboratory. Raster scans in two orthogonal views, mediolateral and craniocaudal, were obtained using the ultrasonic through-transmission ...
Ben Saad Helmi H Service of Physiology and Functional Exploration, andLaboratory of Physiology;Research Unit Secondary Prevention After Myocardial Infarction, N: 04/UR/08-18; and - - 2014
Studies on the submaximal aerobic capacity of exclusive narghile smokers (ENS) seem necessary in view of effective prevention of cardiorespiratory diseases. The goal of the study was to assess, by 6-min walk test (6MWT) data, the submaximal aerobic capacity of ENS, to identify factors influencing their 6-min walk distance (6MWD), ...
Sinha Usha U Physics Department, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, - - 2014
The strain rate (SR) tensor measures the principal directions and magnitude of the instantaneous deformation; this study aims to track age-related changes in the 2D SR tensor in the medial gastrocnemius during passive joint rotation and active isometric contraction. SR tensors were derived from velocity encoded magnetic resonance phase-contrast images ...
Veldhuizen Scott S a Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Social and Epidemiological Research , Toronto , Ontario , - - 2014
Abstract When children or adolescents are grouped by age or year of birth, older individuals tend to outperform younger ones. These phenomena are known as relative age effects (RAEs). RAEs may result directly from differences in maturation, but may also be associated with psychological, pedagogic or other factors. In this ...
Morosi C C Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Milan University - - - 2014
This study aimed to characterize Supermoto performance by correlating the fastest lap (best performance) with heart rate (HR), anthropometric characteristics, racing experience and the ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) of riders. Twenty Supermoto riders (data are shown as Mean value ± standard deviation) (Age: 29 ± 9 years) (BMI: 23.0 ...
Suri Pradeep P VA Puget Sound Healthcare System, Seattle, WA, USA; Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
There are no prior epidemiologic studies examining associations between physical activity and imaging-detected lumbar zygapophyseal joint osteoarthritis (ZJO) in a community-based sample. To determine whether physical activity is associated with prevalent lumbar ZJO on computed tomography (CT). Community-based cross-sectional study. 424 older adults from the Framingham Heart Study. Participants received ...
Harootunian Kristine K Transportation Research Center, University of Vermont, 210 Colchester Avenue, Burlington, VT 05405, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Drivers outside their country of residence are at a safety disadvantage when compared to native counterparts. This research aimed to (1) investigate if out-of-state drivers in the United States experienced the same vulnerabilities as foreign drivers, and (2) examine the relations of out-of-state crashes to various human and environmental factors. ...
Cicchino Jessica B JB Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous research has shown that fatal crash involvement rates per licensed driver aged 70 and older declined significantly more per year in the United States than rates for middle-aged drivers aged 35-54 during 1997-2008, and per vehicle mile traveled from 1995-1996 to 2001-2002. Analyses of police-reported crash data during 1997-2005 ...
Campbell Taylor M TM Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON, N1G 2 W1, - - 2014
Age-related muscle loss, termed sarcopenia, has been linked to functional deficits and an increased risk of falling. Such risk is of alarming concern due to the high disability and mortality rates associated with falling in older adults. Our laboratory recently developed a prediction model for fat-free mass index (FFMI) and, ...
Weyher Anna H AH Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St. Louis, Mo., - - 2014
The behavior of the Central African Kinda baboon (Papio kindae) is not well documented. Having previously noted distinctive grooming behavior in several Kinda baboon populations, we investigated the topic more systematically in the Kafue National Park, Zambia. We recorded the duration and details of male-female dyadic interactions (approaches, withdrawals and ...
Huidekoper Hidde H HH http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1276-0931 Department of Paediatrics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
To construct a regression model for endogenous glucose production (EGP) as a function of age, and compare this with glucose supplementation using commonly used dextrose-based saline solutions at fluid maintenance rate in children. A model was constructed based on EGP data, as quantified by [6,6-(2)H2] glucose dilution after fasting overnight ...
Down K K Department of Audiology and Speech Pathology, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, Vic., - - 2014
Maternal responsiveness is important in early language development, but its measurement by direct observation has to date been unrealistic in community settings because of training and time constraints. We report on the development and cross-sectional comparison of a global rating of maternal responsiveness against a detailed measure of responsiveness at ...
Koyama Alain A Northern California Institute For Research and Education, San Francisco. San Francisco VA Medical Center, California. - - 2014
Results from numerous studies suggest protective effects of the Mediterranean diet for cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality. Evidence for an association with a decreased risk of cognitive decline is less consistent and studies are limited by a lack of diversity in their populations. We followed 2,326 older adults (38.2% black, ...
Nagata Satoko S Graduate School of Medicine, University of - - 2014
This study identifies the relationship between tsunami damage and mortality through a demographic pyramid of a town severely damaged by the tsunami following the Great East Japan Earthquake of 11 March 2011. It uses cross-sectional data collection. Volunteers visited all households, including shelters, and asked residents about the whereabouts of ...
Hovestadt Thomas T Field Station Fabrikschleichach, Biozentrum, University of Würzburg, Glashüttenstrasse 5, 96181 Rauhenebrach, - - 2014
Abstract Increasing interest is directed on understanding how individuals utilize information to come to dispersal decisions. We assume individuals base emigration decisions on male and female density in their natal patches. We derive gender-specific functions for emigration probability of species with discrete generations and polygynous mating under the premise that ...
Allali Gilles G Department of Neurology, Division of Cognitive & Motor Aging, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY, - - 2014
Mild parkinsonian signs (MPS) and gait abnormalities are common in aging, but the association between MPS and objective gait measures is not established in the elderly. This study aims to identify the link between MPS and quantitative gait measures, as well as to determine the pathogenesis of MPS in non-demented ...
Kanburoglu Mehmet Kenan MK Department of Pediatrics, Fatih University Medical School, - - 2014
Normal values of the 6-min walk distance (6MWD) for children have not been well demonstrated. This limits the interpretation of the 6MWD in children. A cross-sectional prospective study was designed. A total of 949 (467 males, 482 females) healthy children were recruited randomly from 7 Turkish secondary schools in Ankara. ...
Stygar A H AH Economic Research, Agrifood Research Finland, Latokartanonkaari 9, 00790 Helsinki, Finland Department of Cattle Breeding, University of Agriculture in Krakow, 30-059 Kraków, Al. Mickiewicza 24/28, Poland - - 2014
The aim of this study was to provide farmers an efficient tool for supporting optimal decisions in the beef heifer rearing process. The complexity of beef heifer management prompted the development of a model including decisions on the feeding level during pre-puberty (age < 10 mo), the time of weaning ...
Gerrard Paul P Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Department of Medicine Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Newton Wellesley Hospital, Newton, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To characterize the manner of functional status difficulties with age across multiple functional domains: Lower Extremity Function, Upper Extremity Function, and Cognitive / Social Function. Construct validity of a functional status measure composed of these domains was performed as part of this goal. Cross-sectional survey of the community-dwelling civilian population ...
Alghamdi Ibrahim G IG School of Life Sciences, University of Lincoln, Brayford Pool, Lincoln LN6 7TS, United Kingdom. Tel. +44 (1162) 761913. E-mail: - - 2014
To describe the epidemiological data of leukemia cases diagnosed from 2001 to 2008 among male and female Saudis, including the frequency and percentage of cases, the crude incidence rate (CIR), and the age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR) stratified by leukemia subtype, region, and year of diagnosis. This is a retrospective descriptive ...
Horton Brent M BM Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
The white-throated sparrow is a promising model for behavioural neuroendocrinology and genetics because behaviour and endocrine function may be linked to a chromosomal rearrangement that determines plumage colour. The notion that the two colour morphs, tan-striped (TS) and white-striped (WS), differ predictably in aggression and parenting has been widely accepted, ...
Warriach H M HM School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences and Graham Centre for Agricultural Innovation, Charles Sturt University, NSW, Australia ; Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan - - 2014
Breeding records of 57 Arabian and 66 Thoroughbred mares were analysed to assess their reproductive performance under the subtropical conditions of Pakistan. The Arabian mares showed significantly higher conception rates (p<0.05) in second mated oestrus and foal heat mated oestrus compared to Thoroughbred mares. However, conception rates for first lifetime ...
Tounsi Mohamed M Department of Physiology and Lung Function Testing, Faculty of Medicine Ibn-El-Jazzar , - - 2014
Abstract Background: The assessment of normal values of muscle strength can be determined for the health outcome of adolescents, especially those who are living in a developing country. Aims: The purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between anthropometric variables and vertical jumping performances. The jump height and ...
Walters Glenn D - - 2014
An item response theory (IRT) analysis of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) was performed on 26,831 (19,067 male and 7,764 female) federal probationers and compared with results obtained on 3,266 (3,039 male and 227 female) prisoners from previous research. Despite the fact male and female federal probationers ...
Cerdá M M Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Nonmedical prescription drug use is prevalent among young adults, yet little is known about modifiable determinants of use. We examined whether maternal-offspring attachment reported at mean age 21 was associated with nonmedical prescription opioid use at mean age 26, and investigated whether a history of depressive symptoms and substance use ...
Marques Adilson A 1Interdisciplinary Center for the Study of Human Performance, Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal; 2Maia Institute of Higher Education (CIDAF), Maia, Portugal; 3Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; 4Department of Sport Medicine, Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Norway; 5MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United - - 2014
To examine the associations between objectively measured physical activity (PA), sedentary time, and health-related fitness; and to investigate the combined association of PA and sedentary time on health-related fitness in youth. PA and sedentary time were assessed with accelerometers in 2506 youth aged 10-18 years (M age=13.2±2.3). Participants were classified ...
Armstrong Joshua J JJ Department of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia, - - 2014
A frailty index (FI) based on the accumulation of deficits typically has a submaximal limit at about 0.70. The objectives of this study were to examine how population characteristics of the FI change in the Honolulu-Asia Aging Study cohort, which has been followed to near-complete mortality. In particular, we were ...
Zeljezic Davor D Division for Mutagenesis, Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Ksaverska 2, 10000 Zagreb, - - 2014
Agricultural workers are often exposed to high levels of pesticides over prolonged periods of time. We attempted to determine whether exposure to multiple pesticides shortens relative telomere length (RTL) and causes nucleoplasmic bridge (NPB) formation via the mechanism of telomere-end fusion in the lymphocytes of agricultural workers. For measuring RTL, ...
Kumar B B Centre of Excellence in Biocontrol of Insect Pests, Department of Zoology,University of Lucknow,Lucknow 226 - - 2014
In the present study predation parameters, i.e. consumption rate, conversion efficiency and growth rate, and total developmental duration of immature stages of two congeneric ladybirds, Coccinella septempunctata (L.) and Coccinella transversalis F., have been evaluated in presence of conspecific and heterospecific fourth instar larval and adult female tracks. We hypothesized ...
Clemente Ana Paula Grotti AP Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL), Maceió, AL, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
augmented waist circumference (WC) is associated with non-communicable diseases and could represent a valuable marker in screening for metabolic dysfunctions in subjects with insufficient linear growth. The objective of the present study was to determine whether biochemical and hemodynamic parameters and waist circumference vary between mildly-stunted and non-stunted adolescents from ...
Tack Danielle M DM Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga., - - 2014
Background: While encephalitis may be caused by numerous infectious, immune and toxic processes, the etiology often remains unknown. Methods: We analyzed multiple cause-of-death mortality data during 1999-2008 for the USA, using the 10th revision of International Classification of Diseases codes for encephalitis, listed anywhere on the death record, including 'specified' ...
Khedr Eman M EM Department of Neuropsychiatry, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stroke is a major health problem in developing countries. In a previous survey, the prevalence rate of stroke in the Nile Valley governorate of Assiut was significantly higher than other Arabic countries. In view of this, we carried out a follow-up study in a second Nile Valley governorate (Qena). A community-based, ...
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