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Gerber Theodore P TP University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Russia provides an interesting context for studying the labor market experiences of the elderly because of its experience with market transition, its looming growth in the elderly dependency ratio, and its unusual pension policies that do not penalize pensioners for working. We use data from twenty surveys of the Russian ...
Wolinsky Fredric D FD Departments of *Health Management and Policy †Biostatistics College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, - - 2014
Concordance between survey reports and claims data is not well established. We compared them for disease histories, preventative, and other health services use in a large, nationally representative sample of older Medicare beneficiaries with special attention given to evaluating age, aging, memory, and respondent status effects. Baseline (1993) and biennial ...
Glaser S L SL Cancer Prevention Institute of California, 2201 Walnut Avenue, Suite 300, Fremont, CA, 94538, USA, - - 2014
For classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), migrant studies could elucidate contributions of environmental factors (including Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)) to the lower rates in non-whites. Given the well-described etiologic complexity of HL, this research requires a large, immigrant population, such as California Hispanics. With 1988-2004 California Cancer Registry data (2,595 Hispanic, 8,637 ...
Bhavsar Vishal V Institute of Psychiatry, De Crespigny Park Road, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Several studies have found an association between area deprivation and incidence of schizophrenia. However, not all studies have concurred and definitions of deprivation have varied between studies. Relative deprivation and inequality seem to be particularly important, but which aspects of deprivation or how this effect might operate is not known. ...
Yoshida Go G 1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hamamatsu Medical Center, Hamamatsu, Japan 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hamamatsu Medical University, Hamamatsu, - - 2014
Study Design. Prospective radiographic analysis using the cranial center of gravity (CCG) of sagittal vertical axis (SVA) in elderly asymptomatic individuals.Objective. To determine sex differences and age-related correlations of CCG and relationships between CCG and other spinopelvic parameters/health-related quality-of-life measures.Summary of Background Data. Few studies have investigated CCG in a ...
Ayabe Makoto M Exercise Sciences Research Group, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Tokyo, - - 2014
We examined the relative contributions of habitual physical activity and aerobic fitness to the prevention of arteriosclerosis. Elderly individuals (97 men and 109 women, aged >65 years) each wore a uniaxial activity monitor continuously for 1 year, with activity data summarized as an average daily step count and duration of ...
Loprinzi Paul D - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . To examine the association between vision loss and cardiorespiratory fitness among young and middle-age U.S. adults. Design . The study had a cross-sectional design. Setting . The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004 served as the study setting. Subjects . Study subjects included 3135 adults ages ...
Sexton Eithne - - 2014
This paper aimed to develop a short version of the 32-item Ageing Perceptions Questionnaire (APQ), a multi-dimensional measure based on Leventhal's self-regulation model. Ageing perceptions are a key area of interest for large-scale surveys of ageing populations. As these studies capture a broad range of health and social variables, included ...
Smoll Nicolas R NR Department of Medicine, Peninsula Health, Frankston, Victoria, Australia (N.R.S., - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between age and the incidence and relative survival of anaplastic astrocytoma (AA). Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database were used to identify 3202 patients with AA. These data were analyzed to assess incidence rates, relative survival, and ...
Akosile Christopher O CO Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, PMB 5001, Nnewi Campus, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria, - - 2014
Ageing is associated with increased morbidity, increased fear of falling (FOF) and reduced activity. These may consequently impair the quality of life (QOL) of the elderly. Studies from Africa investigating FOF and its relationship with QOL among elderly individuals are rare. This study investigated the prevalence of FOF and QOL ...
Vassalini Marzia M Institute of Legal Medicine, Università degli Studi di Brescia, Piazzale Spedali Civili 1, 25123, Brescia, - - 2014
A retrospective study was carried out on postmortem examination data of 131 sharp force-related casualties recorded by the Brescia Institute of Forensic Medicine between 1982 and 2012. The objective was to identify relevant parameters that may be used to distinguish the manner of deaths between homicide, suicide, and accident. The ...
Sheffler Lynne R LR Cleveland Functional Electrical Stimulation Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Case Western Reserve University; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the relationship between body mass index and spatiotemporal, kinematic, and kinetic gait parameters in chronic hemiparetic stroke survivors. Secondary analysis of data collected in a randomized controlled trial comparing two 12-week ambulation training treatments. Academic medical center PARTICIPANTS: Chronic hemiparetic stroke survivors (n=108, > 3 months post-stroke) METHODS: ...
Welmer Anna-Karin AK Aging Research Center (ARC), Karolinska Institutet, Gävlegatan 16, S-113 30 Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2014
Slow walking speed has been shown to predict dementia. We investigated the relation of walking speed, processing speed, and their changes over time to dementia among older adults. This study included 2,938 participants (age 60+ years) in the population-based Swedish National study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen, Sweden, who ...
Bloomfield Michael A P MA Psychiatric Imaging Group, Mansfield Building, Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College London, Du Cane Road, London, W12 0NN, - - 2014
Cannabis is the most widely used illicit drug in the world, and regular use has been associated with reduced motivation, i.e. apathy. Regular long-term cannabis use has been associated with reduced dopamine synthesis capacity. The mesolimbic dopaminergic system mediates the processing of incentive stimuli by modifying their motivational value, which ...
Cantoro U U Institute of Urology, Polytechnic University of Marche, Azienda O.U. Ospedali Riuniti, Ancona, - - 2014
In the literature, there is no good agreement with variables to predict seminal outcome after varicocelectomy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the FSH percentage change (Δ% FSH) as a predictor of the seminal outcome after varicocelectomy together with other known predictors. We evaluated 118 patients who underwent ...
Ranisavljev Igor I Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Belgrade, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between preferred transition speed (PTS) and anthropometric characteristics, body composition and different human body proportions in males. In a sample of 59 male students, we collected anthropometric and body composition data and determined individual PTS using increment protocol. The relationships ...
Clark David J DJ Nutrition, Exercise Physiology and Sarcopenia Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA; Brain Rehabilitation Research Center, Malcom Randall VA Medical Center, Gainesville, FL, USA; Department of Aging and Geriatric Research, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Age-related impairment of neuromuscular activation has been shown to contribute to weakness in older adults. However, it is unclear to what extent impaired neuromuscular activation independently accounts for decline of mobility function. The hypothesis of this study is that capability to produce rapid neuromuscular activation during maximal effort leg muscle ...
Chisari Justin R JR Private practice, West Palm Beach, - - 2014
In this study, we examined the impacts of age, sex, root length, bone levels, and bone quality on orthodontic tooth movement. Clear aligners were programmed to move 1 central incisor 1 mm over the course of 8 weeks. Thirty subjects, ages 19 to 64, were enrolled, and measurements were made ...
Dribe Martin M a Lund - - 2014
We used micro-level data from the censuses of 1900 to investigate the impact of socio-economic status on net fertility during the fertility transition in five Northern American and European countries (Canada, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, and the USA). The study is therefore unlike most previous research on the historical fertility transition, ...
Zhang Jie J Shandong University School of Public Health Center for Suicide Prevention Research, Jinan, Shandong, China; Department of Sociology, The University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, - - 2014
Chinese suicide rates have been reported in various studies in the past two decades, but few of them were based on national data. The most recent mortality data (2002-2011) provided by the China Ministry of Health and the detailed census data provided by the National Population Census were used in ...
Chang Shu-Sen SS Hong Kong Jockey Club Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, China; Department of Social Work and Social Administration, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR, China; Ju Shan Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United - - 2014
Suicides by carbon monoxide poisoning resulting from burning barbecue charcoal reached epidemic levels in Hong Kong and Taiwan within 5 y of the first reported cases in the early 2000s. The objectives of this analysis were to investigate (i) time trends and regional patterns of charcoal-burning suicide throughout East/Southeast Asia ...
Dokter J J Burn Centre, Maasstad Hospital, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
The aim of this study was to characterize the epidemiology of severe burns in the Netherlands, including trends in burn centre admissions, non burn centre admissions and differences by age. Patients with burn-related primary admission in a Dutch centre from 1995 to 2011 were included. Nationwide prospectively collected data were ...
Amoroso Alexandra A Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas, Centro de Administração e Políticas Pública (ISCSP/CAPP), Museu Nacional de História Natural e da Ciência, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to test the association between linear enamel hypolasias and adult socioeconomic circumstances with age at death in a modern skeletal sample of known age. Specifically, this study wishes to test whether there is a relationship between early life stressors, environmental quality in adult life ...
Milinković Neda N Center for Medical Biochemistry, Clinical Center of Serbia , Belgrade , - - 2014
Objectives. Defining adequate reference limits (RLs) for thyroid hormones is an important task for support monitoring and the treatment of subclinical thyroid disease. We determined whether there are age-related RLs for thyroid parameters in male and female outpatients free of overt thyroid disease. Design. We analyzed 22,860 results (11,440 male ...
Oppewal Alyt A Intellectual Disability Medicine, Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
A high incidence of falls is seen in people with intellectual disabilities (ID), along with poor balance, strength, muscular endurance, and slow gait speed, which are well-established risk factors for falls in the general population. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of these physical fitness ...
Magid Avi A a School of Public Health , University of Haifa , Haifa , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Objective: Previous studies in several countries have shown that the economically disadvantaged seem to have a greater risk of being involved in a car crash. The aim of the present study was to compare rates and trends in mortality and injury from road crashes by age among the Arab ...
Madu Anazoeze Jude AJ Department of Haematology and Immunology, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the occurrence of priapism and important steady-state clinical and laboratory parameters in homozygous sickle cell disease (SCD). Subjects and Methods: Steady-state clinical and laboratory data were obtained from the medical records of 126 male patients seen in the clinic over a 7-year period. Estimated ...
Ellert Ute - - 2014
Prevalence rates for overweight and obesity based on self-reported height and weight are underestimated, whereas the prevalence rate for underweight is slightly overestimated. Therefore a correction is needed. Aim of this study is to apply correction procedures to the prevalence rates developed on basis of (self-reported and measured) data from ...
Birkenfeld Judith J Instituto de Óptica "Daza de Valdés", Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Serrano, 121, Madrid, 28006, - - 2014
Purpose. To estimate the contribution of 3D lens geometry and gradient refractive index (GRIN) to the lens spherical aberration (SA) with age. Methods. 35 donor human lenses (19-71 years) were imaged with 3D-sOCT. Paraxial and non-paraxial back focal length were measured with Laser Ray Tracing. The parameters of a 4-variable ...
Matta Joane J Division of Geriatric Medicine, McGill University, Québec, Canada; School of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, McGill University, Québec, - - 2014
Contribute evidence towards the complex interrelationships of body composition, physical performance and physical activity (PA) in an older population to assist in decisions for maintaining functional capacity in older adults. This is a cross-sectional analysis of an existing dataset in which a literature-supported model linking together the variables of interest ...
Allen Erika N EN Division of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mylan School of Pharmacy, Duquesne University 600 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15282, United - - 2014
With age, there is an increase in motor deficits that leads to an increased incidence of slips and falls. As the elderly population continues to grow, there is a need for aging models and research that focus on behavioral deficits that occur with normal, non-diseased aging. The present study was ...
Zhang Wei-Guang WG Department of Nephrology, State Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases (2011DAV00088), State Chronic Kidney Disease Clinical Research Center (2013BAI09B05), Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, 100853, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to build a biological age (BA) equation combining telomere length with chronological age (CA) and associated aging biomarkers. In total, 139 healthy volunteers were recruited from a Chinese Han cohort in Beijing. A genetic index, renal function indices, cardiovascular function indices, brain function indices, ...
Schonfeld Sara J SJ Section of Environment and Radiation, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372, Lyon Cedex 08, France, - - 2014
Germany has one of the highest age-adjusted mesothelioma mortality rates worldwide. As mesothelioma occurs ≥30 years after asbestos exposure, contemporary rates likely reflect exposures in the 1960-1970s. During this period, political division between West and East Germany led to differences regarding the import and consumption of asbestos. It is unclear whether ...
Olsson Nicklas N Department of Orthopaedics, Institute of Clinical Sciences at Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, University of Gothenburg, Mölndal, - - 2014
BACKGROUND:In patients with an acute Achilles tendon rupture, it has not been possible to determine the superiority of a single specific treatment modality over other treatments with respect to symptoms and function. When several pertinent treatment protocols are available for an injury, it is of interest to understand how other ...
Xian Hong H a College for Public Health & Social Justice Saint Louis - - 2014
We examined whether an age-related phase advance was present in 60 patients with depression and insomnia (mean age 41.5 [12.5] years) using diaries and 5 weekdays of actigraphy. Actigraphy was analyzed with functional data analysis. The low point of activity (bathyphase) for each subject was fitted by cosine function with ...
Lin Suh-Jen SJ School of Physical Therapy, Institute of Health Sciences - Dallas, Texas Woman's University, TX, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physical activity is important for general health. For an individual with amputation to sustain physical activity, certain functional capacity might be needed. Gait variability is related to the incidence of falls. This study explored the relationship between physical activity and a few common performance measures (six-minute walk test, step length ...
Spanier Adam J AJ Department of Pediatrics, Penn State University, Hershey, PA; Department of Public Health Sciences, Penn State University, Hershey, PA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the associations of bisphenol A (BPA) exposure with lung function measures and exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) in children. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of a subsample of US children age 6-19 years who participated in the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We assessed univariate and multivariable associations ...
Deprez Dieter D Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, - - 2014
The present study aimed to model the development of soccer-specific aerobic performance, assessed by the Yo-Yo IR1 in 162 elite pubertal soccer players, aged 11 to 14 years at the baseline. Longitudinal multilevel modelling analyses comprised predictors related to growth (chronological age, body size (stature and weight) and composition (fat ...
Goel Archana A Department of Anatomy, MMMCH Kumarhati Solan, - - 2014
The study comprised lip morphometry of 600 North Indian adults (300 males and 300 females). The aim of the study was to create base data of various linear and vertical measurements of the upper and lower lips and width of the mouth. This standard may serve as a guideline for ...
Wilking Hendrik H Robert Koch Institute, Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Gastrointestinal Infections, Zoonoses and Tropical Infections, Seestraße 10, 13353 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most frequent vector-borne disease in Germany. For more than 10 years, data from mandatory notifications have been available from 6 federal states in the eastern part of Germany. A common case definition was applied. Clinical manifestations of erythema migrans, neuroborreliosis (radiculoneuritis, cranial neuritis, meningitis), and ...
Thielke Stephen M SM Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, Seattle Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Seattle, - - 2014
To ascertain the association between self-report of low mood and unobtrusively measured behaviors (walking speed, time out of residence, frequency of room transitions, and computer use) in community-dwelling older adults using novel monitoring technologies. Longitudinal cohort study of older adults whose homes were outfitted with activity sensors. Participants completed Internet-based ...
Anderson K R KR Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, - - 2014
If particles rebound on human facial skin, they can be re-entrained into the airflow and subsequently inhaled, increasing aspiration efficiency estimates. A realistic estimate of facial skin coefficient of restitution (CoR) is necessary to accurately model particle bounce. This study investigated the effects of sampling location, temperature, humidity levels, age, ...
Stamatakis Emmanuel E Prevention Research Collaboration, Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Australia; PARG (Physical Activity Research Group), Population Health Domain, University College London, London, UK; Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with health-related behaviours but little is known about the socioeconomic gradient of sedentary behaviour). This study aims to assess associations between SEP and multiple indicators of sedentary behaviour among Australian mid-to-older adults. Multivariate analysis of 60,404 (>47yrs, 26,366 in paid employment) participants in the Social, ...
Nagle Jacklyn E JE The University of Alabama, Department of Psychology, 505 Hackberry Lane, Tuscaloosa, AL, 35401, - - 2014
It has been acknowledged that females exhibit more smiling behaviors than males, but there has been little attention to this gender difference in the courtroom. Although both male and female witnesses exhibit smiling behaviors, there has been no research examining the subsequent effect of gender and smiling on witness credibility. ...
Martins Silvia S SS Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, New York; Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, - - 2014
To describe the association between social and problem gambling and first criminal arrest by age 23 in a cohort of urban, mainly African-American youth. Data for this study were derived from several annual interviews being completed on a community sample of 617 participants during late adolescence until age 23. Information ...
Jiang Yun-Qi YQ Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, PR - - 2014
The purposes of our study were to evaluate the correlation among apparent integrated backscatter coefficient (AIB), spectral centroid shift (SCS) of ultrasonic backscatter signals and bone mineral density (BMD) and to examine the effectiveness of ultrasound variables as predictors of osteoporosis. A total of 1011 persons aged 21-80 y old were ...
Harte Christopher B CB Research Service, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA; Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine potential mechanisms underlying nicotine's effects on male sexual arousal by exploring the mediating role of heart rate variability (HRV). The sample comprised 22 healthy, nicotine-naïve men (mean age = 20.91 years; standard deviation = 2.43). Data were taken from a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial previously completed and published elsewhere. During ...
Ma Lu L MOE Key Laboratory for Urban Transportation Complex Systems Theory and Technology, School of Traffic and Transportation, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study seeks to inspect the nonparametric characteristics connecting the age of the driver to the relative risk of being an at-fault vehicle, in order to discover a more precise and smooth pattern of age impact, which has commonly been neglected in past studies. Records of drivers in two-vehicle rear-end ...
Rossi M M Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Italy; 1st Pulmonary Unit, Cardio-Thoracic and Vascular Department, University Hospital of Pisa, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
In order to evaluate the impact of cigarettes smoking and smokers' clinical characteristics on skin microvascular function, we measured the skin forearm blood flux, basally and during post-occlusive reactive hyperaemia, in 100 current smokers (mean age 51±11years; range: 18 to 86years) and in 66 healthy never-smokers matched for age and ...
Mostafa A A AA Université de Rennes 1, UMR CNRS 6226, 263 av. du généralleclerc, 35042, Rennes, Cedex, France; Biomaterials Dept., National Research Centre NRC, Cairo, - - 2014
This work investigates the effect of adding silver nanoparticles (NPs) in ppm on the bioactivity of hydroxyapatite/polyvinyl alcohol nanocomposites (HAV). HAV prepared by an in situ biomimetic approach was doped with different concentrations of silver NPs (HAV-Ag), and the formed powder samples were characterized by different techniques such as Inductively ...
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