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Soubelet Andrea A Department of Psychology, University of Nice, Nice, - - 2014
The current project had three goals. The first was to examine whether it is meaningful to refer to across-time variability in self-reported personality as an individual differences characteristic. The second was to investigate whether negative affect was associated with variability in self-reported personality, while controlling for mean levels, and correcting ...
Hashemi Hassan H From the Noor Ophthalmology Research Center (Hashemi, Jafarzadehpur, Mehravaran), Noor Eye Hospital, and the Department of Optometry (Jafarzadehpur), Iran University of Medical Sciences, the Department of Epidemiology (Khabazkhoob) Faculty of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, the Refractive Errors Research Center (Yekta, Ostadimoghaddam) and the Department of Optometry (Yekta, Ostadimoghaddam), School of Paramedical Sciences, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, and the Dezful University of Medical Sciences (Norouzirad), Dezful, - - 2014
To determine the distribution and normal range of the corneal resistance factor (CRF) and corneal hysteresis (CH) in the 6- to 18-year age range and their relationship with biometric components. Dezful, Iran. Cross-sectional study. This study of Dezful school children used a multistage, stratified, cluster approach sampling. All students had ...
Yuksel Mehmet Aytac MA Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Maternal Fetal Medicine Unit, Cerrahpa┼ča School of Medicine, Istanbul Universitesi, Istanbul, Turkey, - - 2014
To establish a reference range for the intracranial translucency (IT). In this prospective study, we examined 596 singleton fetuses at 11-14 weeks of gestation using transabdominal ultrasonography. The distribution curves of the anterior-posterior diameter of the IT were established according to the gestational weeks, and the percentiles for 11-14 weeks of gestation ...
Chen M X MX Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin , Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201, United - - 2014
The band structure of the recently synthesized (3 × 3) silicene monolayer on (4 × 4) Ag(111) is investigated using density functional theory. A k-projection technique that includes the k⊥-dependence of the surface bands is used to separate the contributions arising from the silicene and the substrate, allowing a consistent ...
Dolejs Josef J Department of Informatics and Quantitative Methods, University of Hradec Králové, Rokitanského 62, 500 03, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic, - - 2014
Age trajectories of total mortality represent an irreplaceable source of information about aging. In principle, age affects mortality from all diseases differently than it affects mortality from external causes. External causes (accidents) are excluded here from all causes, and the resultant category "all-diseases" is tested as a helpful tool to ...
Oh J K JK Department of Urology, Gachon University Gil Hospital, Incheon, - - 2014
It has been suggested that second to fourth digit ratio (digit ratio) may correlate with male reproductive system function or disorders. This hypothesis is based on finding that the Hox genes control finger development and differentiation of the genital bud during embryogenesis. Thus, we investigated the association between digit ratio ...
Zanchi-Silva Djan D Núcleo Regional de Ofiologia, Universidade Federal do Ceará (NUROF-UFC), CE, - - 2014
The reproductive ecology of Ameivula ocellifera was studied from September 2009 to August 2010 in a coastal area of the state of Ceará, Brazil. Females reproduced continuously throughout the year, with a peak at the end of the rainy season. Even though there was a predominance of pre-reproductive individuals in ...
Riley Gerald F GF Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Baltimore, - - 2014
To estimate cumulative DI, SSI, Medicare, and Medicaid expenditures from initial disability benefit award to death or age 65. Administrative records for a cohort of new CY2000 DI and SSI awardees aged 18-64. Actual expenditures were obtained for 2000-2006/7. Subsequent expenditures were simulated using a regression-adjusted Markov process to assign ...
James William H WH The Galton Laboratory, Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London. Electronic address: - - 2014
It is well established that in most belligerent countries in World Wars 1 and 2, sex ratios (proportions male at birth) rose during and just after hostilities: then, a year or so later, they declined to normal levels. There is no established explanation for these phenomena. I have previously written ...
Shao Bob Siyuan BS University of California, Berkeley, CA, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Instrument certification (IFR) enhances a pilot's skills in precisely controlling the aircraft and requires a higher level of standards in maintaining heading and altitude compared with the less stringent private pilot certificate. However, there have been no prior studies to compare fatal accident causes for airmen with, and without, this ...
Chan Melissa M University of California, Los Angeles, 1285 Franz Hall, Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA, - - 2014
Social identities, as those pertaining to religion, may change over time as adolescents make the important transition into young adulthood. This 4-year longitudinal study examined developmental changes in religious affiliation, identity, and participation across the transition from adolescence to young adulthood among 584 individuals (from M age  = 17.9 years to M ...
Greenfield Emily A EA School of Social Work, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick. - - 2014
There is growing enthusiasm for community initiatives that aim to strengthen neighbor relationships to promote well-being in later life. Nevertheless, few studies have examined the extent to which relationships with neighbors are associated with better psychological well-being among midlife and older adults. We used data from 1,071 noninstitutionalized, English-speaking adults, ...
Xiang Fan F National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia2Centre for Research Excellence in Sun and Health, Brisbane, - - 2014
Nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) are the most common cancers in fair-skinned populations. Their incidence continues to increase in many countries. Exposure to UV radiation (UVR) is the primary cause of NMSC, although the pattern of exposure that gives rise to different types of NMSC appears to vary. To examine dose-response ...
Thompson Brennan J BJ Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise, and Sport Sciences, TX Tech University, Lubbock, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Declines in muscle strength and power are commonly reported as a consequence of aging; however, few studies have investigated the influence of aging on maximal and rapid velocity characteristics. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of aging on maximal and rapid velocity characteristics of the leg ...
Katsulis Yasmina Y Arizona State University, Tempe, USA - - 2014
For sex workers, differences in rates of exposure to workplace violence are likely influenced by a variety of risk factors, including where one works and under what circumstances. Economic stressors, such as housing insecurity, may also increase the likelihood of exposure. Bivariate analyses demonstrate statistically significant associations between workplace violence ...
Pickering Charles A CA * Department of Radiation Safety, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte CA 91010; † Division of Radiology; ‡ Division of Cancer Immunotherapeutics and Tumor Immunology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA - - 2014
Initial radiation exposure levels (Equation is included in full-text article.)(0) at 1 m from the navel of thyroid cancer patients were measured for 165 individuals at the time of ingestion. Some 61 patients had previously signed informed consent so only those patients could be assayed with regard to body parameters. ...
Piacentini M F MF Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences University of Rome "Foro Italico", Rome, Italy - - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to analyze how many finalists of the IAAF World Junior Championships (WJC) in the throwing events were present in the senior IAAF ranking at the end of 2012. The results of the 8 male and the 8 female finalists of all throwing events ...
Stygar A H AH Economic Research, Agrifood Research Finland, Latokartanonkaari 9, 00790 Helsinki, Finland Department of Cattle Breeding, University of Agriculture in Krakow, 30-059 Kraków, Al. Mickiewicza 24/28, Poland - - 2014
The aim of this study was to provide farmers an efficient tool for supporting optimal decisions in the beef heifer rearing process. The complexity of beef heifer management prompted the development of a model including decisions on the feeding level during prepuberty (age <10 mo), the time of weaning (age, ...
Te Wierike Sanne Cornelia Maria SC a Center for Human Movement Sciences , University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen , Groningen , the - - 2014
Abstract This study investigated the role of maturity timing in selection procedures and in the specialisation of playing positions in youth male basketball. Forty-three talented Dutch players (14.66 ± 1.09 years) participated in this study. Maturity timing (age at peak height velocity), anthropometric, physiological, and technical characteristics were measured. Maturity timing and height ...
El Rassi Fuad F From the Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, the Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia, and the University of Washington, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, - - 2014
We investigated an apparent increase in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) referrals from northern Georgia to a tertiary care center located in Atlanta. Cases reported to the Georgia Comprehensive Cancer Registry and the national Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results cancer registry between 1999 and 2008 were analyzed. Age-adjusted incidence rates were ...
Mall Nathan A NA Regeneration Orthopaedics, St Louis, Missouri, USA Cartilage Restoration Center of St Louis, St Louis, Missouri, USA - - 2014
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is among the most commonly studied injuries in orthopaedics. The previously reported incidence of ACL injury in the United States has varied considerably and is often based on expert opinion or single insurance databases. To determine the incidence of ACL reconstruction (ACLR) in the United ...
Nagata Hisao H The Institute for Science of Labour, - - 2014
Considering a fatal case of an aged individual, who died due to falling down stairs, the cause of the fatal fall was investigated through experiments. A witness, who was with the victim, when the fatal accident occurred, stated that the aged individual had miss-footed, lost balance at the top of ...
Harper Sam S Sam Harper (sam.harper@mcgill.ca) is an assistant professor of epidemiology, biostatistics, and occupational health at McGill University, in Montreal, - - 2014
Nationwide differences in US life expectancy trends for blacks and whites may mask considerable differences by state that are relevant to policies aimed at reducing health inequalities. We calculated annual state-specific life expectancies for blacks and whites from 1990 to 2009 using age-specific mortality counts and census-based denominators. Nationally, the ...
Bóna Judit J Department of Phonetics, Eötvös Loránd University, H-1088 Budapest, Múzeum krt 4/A, Hungary - - 2014
Aging affects temporal characteristics of speech. It is still a question how these changes occur in different speech styles which require various cognitive skills. In this paper speech rate, articulation rate, and pauses of 20 young and 20 old speakers are analyzed in four speech styles: spontaneous narrative, narrative recalls, ...
Butler Robert J - - 2014
The Upper Quarter Y Balance Test (YBT-UQ) was developed as a way to identify upper extremity and trunk mobility in the open kinetic chain in the reaching limb as well as midrange limitations and asymmetries of upper extremity and core stability in the closed kinetic chain on the stabilizing limb. ...
Chen S-C SC Department of Public Health,Chung Shan Medical - - 2014
SUMMARY School closure is one of the most common interventions in the early weeks of an influenza pandemic. Few studies have investigated social contact patterns and compared individual student contact characteristics during the school term and holiday periods in Taiwan. Here, we conducted a well-used questionnaire survey in a junior ...
Conner Tamlin S TS University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Our aim was to determine whether eating fruit and vegetables (FV) is associated with other markers of well-being beyond happiness and life satisfaction. Towards this aim, we tested whether FV consumption is associated with greater eudaemonic well-being - a state of flourishing characterized by feelings of engagement, meaning, and purpose ...
Steca Patrizia P University of Milan-Bicocca, Milan, - - 2014
This study is aimed at testing the measurement properties of the Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) for the assessment of dispositional optimism by employing item response theory (IRT) analyses. The LOT-R was administered to a large sample of 2,862 Italian adults. First, confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated the theoretical conceptualization of the ...
Chirinos Julio A JA From the Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine and Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (J.A.C., P.Z.); Department of Medicine, Philadelphia VA Medical Center, PA (J.A.C., P.S.-K., S.R.A., S.G.); Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium (E.R.R., M.L.D.B., D.D.B.); and Department of Public Health (E.R.R.), Department of Industrial Technology and Construction (T.C.), and Institute Biomedical Technology, iMinds Future Health Department (T.C., P.S.), Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. - - 2014
Effective arterial elastance (EA) was proposed as a lumped parameter that incorporates pulsatile and resistive afterload and is increasingly being used in clinical studies. Theoretical modeling studies suggest that EA is minimally affected by pulsatile load, but little human data are available. We assessed the relationship between EA and arterial ...
Beguería R R Clinica EUGIN, Barcelona 08029, - - 2014
Does paternal age affect semen quality and reproductive outcomes in oocyte donor cycles with ICSI? Paternal age is associated with a decrease in sperm quality, however it does not affect either pregnancy or live birth rates in reproductive treatments when the oocytes come from donors <36 years old and ICSI ...
Broer Linda L Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Dr. Molewaterplein 50, PO-Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Oxidative stress and inflammation are major contributors to accelerated age-related relative telomere length (RTL) shortening. Both conditions are strongly linked to leptin and adiponectin, the most prominent adipocyte-derived protein hormones. As high leptin levels and low levels of adiponectin have been implicated in inflammation, one expects adiponectin to be positively ...
Liu Chen C L'Oréal R & I, Jinyu Rd No. 550, Shanghai, - - 2014
In order to confirm the existence of seasonal hair growth cycle among Chinese subjects and objectivize the seasonal effect of hair loss, the hair growth parameters of Chinese volunteers were followed monthly for an entire year on the same area of vertex. The hair growth parameters of 41 Chinese volunteers ...
Córdoba-Doña Juan Antonio - - 2014
Although suicide rates have increased in some European countries in relation to the current economic crisis and austerity policies, that trend has not been observed in Spain. This study examines the impact of the economic crisis on suicide attempts, the previously neglected endpoint of the suicidal process, and its relation ...
Jukkala Tanya T a Södertörn University, Baltic and East European Graduate School (BEEGS) , Huddinge , - - 2014
Russia has one of the highest suicide mortality rates in the world. This study investigates the development of Russian suicide mortality over a longer time period in order to provide a context within which the contemporary high level might be better understood. Annual sex- and age-specific suicide-mortality data for Russia ...
Shin Hayden H HH Department of Preventive & Social Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Visual inspection of the maximal flow-volume curve is an important step in interpreting spirometry. Many young people have a convex inflection or 'knee' on the expiratory part of the loop. This is thought to be a normal variant, but this view is based on theoretical grounds, and the epidemiology of ...
Singendonk M M J MM Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Emma Children's Hospital AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Gastroenterology Unit, Women's and Children's Health Network, North Adelaide, - - 2014
Applying the 2012 Chicago Classification (CC) of esophageal motility disorders to pediatric patients is problematic as it relies upon adult-derived criteria. As shorter esophageal length and smaller esophago-gastric junction (EGJ) diameter may influence CC metrics, we explored the potential for age- and size-adjustment of diagnostic criteria. We evaluated 76 high-resolution ...
Bania Theofani A TA Faculty of Health Sciences, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Melbourne, Vic., - - 2014
The aim of the study was to describe daily physical activity levels of adolescents and young adults with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (CP) and to identify factors that help predict these levels. Daily physical activity was measured using an accelerometer-based activity monitor in 45 young people with bilateral spastic CP ...
Jusko Todd A TA Division of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, - - 2014
Some experimental and human data suggest that exposure to PCBs may induce ototoxicity, though results of previous epidemiologic studies are mixed, and generally focus on either prenatal or postnatal PCB concentrations exclusively. Our aim was to evaluate the association between pre- and postnatal PCB concentrations in relation to cochlear status ...
Loftus Edward V EV Jr *Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota; †Health Economics and Outcomes Research, AbbVie, Inc., North Chicago, Illinois; and ‡Analysis Group, Inc., Boston, - - 2014
Moderate-to-severe Crohn's Disease (CD) has been shown to reduce daily activities; however, little is known of the impact on employees' salary growth. Employment and health care benefit data were extracted from the OptumHealth Reporting and Insights database, aggregating data from 23 self-insured U.S. companies with approximately 2.5 million covered beneficiaries. ...
Van Cauwenberg Jelle - - 2014
Previous questionnaires targeting older adults' sedentary time have underestimated total sedentary time, possibly by not including all relevant specific sedentary behaviors. The current study aimed to investigate the criterion validity and test-retest reliability of a new questionnaire assessing a comprehensive set of sedentary behaviors. Additionally, we examined whether the criterion ...
Dossi Fabio Cleisto Alda FC Insect Interactions Laboratory, Department of Entomology and Acarology, College of Agriculture "Luiz de Queiroz", University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil, - - 2014
The infection density of symbionts is among the major parameters to understand their biological effects in host-endosymbionts interactions. Diaphorina citri harbors two bacteriome-associated bacterial endosymbionts (Candidatus Carsonella ruddii and Candidatus Profftella armatura), besides the intracellular reproductive parasite Wolbachia. In this study, the density dynamics of the three endosymbionts associated with ...
Romero-Ortuno Roman R The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA), Trinity College Dublin, Lincoln Gate, Dublin 2, Republic of Ireland, - - 2014
Orthostatic hemodynamic signals may predict adverse outcomes in elders. To study the association between orthostatic hemodynamics and incident mortality in The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). Wave 1 subjects underwent an active stand with non-invasive beat-to-beat blood pressure monitoring. We compared wave 1 active stands, dead vs alive in ...
Gill Jagbir J Division of Nephrology and Center for Health Evaluation and Outcomes Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; and - - 2014
Living kidney donation is declining in the United States. We examined longitudinal trends in living donation as a function of median household income and donor relation to assess the effect of financial barriers on donation in a changing economic environment. The zip code-level median household income of all 71,882 living ...
Lepeule Johanna J Harvard school of public health, environmental health , 401 parkd drive , room 415 , landmark center west , boston, Massachusetts, United States , 02215 , 6173848747 , 6173848728 ; - - 2014
Rationale Few studies have been performed on air pollution effects on lung function in the elderly, a vulnerable population with low reserve capacity, and even fewer looking at changes in the rate of lung function decline. Objectives We evaluated the effect of long-term exposure to black carbon on levels and ...
Kanasashi Tsutomu T Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We assessed the radiocesium contamination of sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) forests in eastern Japan from November 2012 to February 2013, including 80 sites in Fukushima and 35 sites in other regions (Tohoku and Kanto-Koshinetsu), by measuring the (137)Cs concentrations in needles of different ages, male flowers, and pollen. Over a wide ...
Wendland Barbara E BE Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 1A8. Electronic address: - - 2014
Large population-based studies suggest that systematic measures of maternal sensitivity predict later risk for overweight and obesity. More work is needed to establish the developmental timing and potential moderators of this association. The current study examined the association between maternal sensitivity at 6 months of age and BMI z score ...
Coope Caroline C School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Canynge Hall, 39 Whatley Road, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The negative impacts of previous economic recessions on suicide rates have largely been attributed to rapid rises in unemployment in the context of inadequate social and work protection programmes. We have investigated trends in indicators of the 2008 economic recession and trends in suicide rates in England and Wales in ...
Jackson Matthew O MO Department of Economics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305;Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, NM 87501; andCanadian Institute for Advanced Research, Toronto, ON, Canada M5G 1Z8 - - 2014
We examine different populations' play in coordination games in online experiments with over 1,000 study participants. Study participants played a two-player coordination game that had multiple equilibria: two equilibria with highly asymmetric payoffs and another equilibrium with symmetric payoffs but a slightly lower total payoff. Study participants were predominantly from ...
McCallum James L JL National Centre for Groundwater Research and Training, Adelaide, SA, - - 2014
Apparent ages obtained from the measured concentrations of environmental tracers have the potential to inform recharge rates, flow rates, and assist in the calibration of groundwater models. A number of studies have investigated sources of error in the relationships between the apparent ages, and the age assumed by models to ...
Garn Heinrich H AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate which single quantitative electro-encephalographic (QEEG) marker or which combination of markers correlates best with Alzheimer's disease (AD) severity as measured by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). We compared quantitative EEG markers for slowing (relative band powers), synchrony (coherence, canonical correlation, Granger causality) and complexity (auto-mutual information, Shannon/Tsallis entropy) ...
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