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Deas J B JB Graduate Interdisciplinary Program in Entomology and Insect Science, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, - - 2014
The number of mature eggs remaining in the ovaries and the time left for oviposition determine the reproductive decisions of the hyperdiverse guild of insects that require discrete and potentially limiting resources for oviposition (such as seeds, fruits or other insects). A female may run out of eggs before all ...
Procházka Petr P Institute of Vertebrate Biology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v.v.i., Květná 8, 603 65, Brno, Czech Republic, - - 2014
Egg rejection belongs to a widely used host tactic to prevent the costs incurred by avian brood parasitism. However, the genetic basis of this behaviour and the effect of host age on the probability of rejecting the parasitic egg remain largely unknown. Here, we used a set of 15 polymorphic ...
Mok Vincent V Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong - - 2014
Studies in stroke patients suggest that lacunar stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage might be more common in Chinese than Whites. We hypothesized that other manifestations of subclinical cerebral small vessel disease, namely white matter hyperintensities (WMH), lacunes, and microbleeds, are also more common in Chinese than Whites. We compared the community ...
Alejandro Manuel M Departamento de Tecnología Agroalimentaria, Escuela Politécnica Superior de Orihuela, Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche, Ctra. Beniel, Km. 3,2, 03312 Orihuela, Alicante, - - 2014
The aim of this work was to study the effect on teat wall thickness and canal length in sheep and goats of overmilking for 2 min (OM+2) and of milking with used (AL; +3000 milkings) and twisted (TL; 45°) liners in sheep and goats, as well as the effect of milking ...
Parker H M HM Poultry Science Department, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State - - 2014
Poultry are capable of laying unfertilized eggs in which embryonic development occurs; this phenomenon is called parthenogenesis. Through genetic selection, the incidence of parthenogenesis in virgin Chinese Painted Quail hens can be increased. However, it is unknown if selection for this trait affects hatchability of fertilized eggs. Therefore, the objective ...
Palit Somnath S Institution: Academic Surgical Unit (GI Physiology Unit), Centre of Digestive Diseases, Blizard Institute, Queen Mary University London, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Whitechapel, London, E1 1BB, United - - 2014
Interpretation of evacuation proctography (EP) images is reliant on robust normative data. Previous studies of EP in asymptomatic subjects have been methodologically limited. The aim of this study was to provide parameters of normality for both genders using EP. EP was prospectively performed on 46 healthy volunteers (28 females). Proctograms ...
Carme Coll Ferrer M M Department of Materials Science and Engineering; Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, US. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recently, we developed a novel and simple synthesis route to create nanosized (∼ 5 nm) silver nanoparticles (NP) embedded in a biocompatible nanogel (NG) comprised of degradable, natural polymers, namely, dextran and lysozyme. In this study, we prepare hybrid nanogels with varying lysozyme content, evaluate their potential to reduce Ag ...
Rutkowska J - - 2013
Sex-biased resource allocation in avian eggs has gained increasing interest. The adaptive explanations of such allocation are often related to life-history strategies of the studied species. In some species, egg sexual size dimorphism (SSD) was suggested to promote future size differences between adults of each sex. In other species, egg ...
Gucbilmez M - - 2013
The effects of heating of eggs during storage, broiler breeder age, and length of egg storage on hatchability of fertile eggs were examined in this study. Eggs were collected from Ross 344 male × Ross 308 broiler breeders on paper flats, held overnight (1 d) at 18°C and 75% RH, ...
Farina Massimiliano - - 2013
Normally, chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) has been studied using echo-colour Doppler (ECD). Subjects are examined in the supine and sitting positions, in accordance with a static protocol without rotation of the head. A dynamic approach, to assess venous sizes with different degrees of head rotation, has only been performed ...
Rodríguez-Navarro Alejandro B - - 2013
For a fuller understanding of the functionality of the eggshell cuticle, we conducted a detailed study using a wide array of analytical techniques (scanning and transmission microscopy), energy dispersive x-rays, and attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy to analyze the structure, morphology, and chemical composition of this organic coating. This ...
Cogălniceanu Dan - - 2013
Reproductive strategies have evolved from a series of trade-offs between cost and timing of reproduction. We tested whether the reproductive effort of female Danube crested newts, Triturus dobrogicus, was environmentally or energetically constrained. We collected females migrating towards the water and kept them separately, with males. Deposited eggs were collected ...
Bento João Francisco - - 2014
Endopleura uchi is a native plant from the Amazon used in popular medicine to treat myomas. A crude polysaccharide (AGb) obtained from E. uchi bark decoction was purified, yielding a type II arabinogalactan (AG) that was characterized by chemical and spectroscopic methods. AG was evaluated for its cytotoxic effects on ...
Asker Selvi - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate bronchial thickness via thorax HRCT in subjects with mild intermittent asthma in comparison to healthy control subjects. A total of 37 outpatients (mean (standard deviation; SD) age: 36.7 (9.7) years, 54.8% males) with mild intermittent asthma and 13 healthy controls (mean (SD) age: 25.0 (2.9) ...
Samiullah S - - 2013
Protoporphyrin has been identified as the main eggshell pigment in brown-shelled eggs. However, there has been some uncertainty concerning the distribution of the pigment within the shell (and cuticle) in brown-shelled eggs. Most previous studies have suggested that the bulk of the shell pigment is deposited in the cuticle of ...
Moussa Shaaban H - - 2013
Botrytis cinerea Pers, the gray mold fungus, is among the most dangerous plant pathogens that cause great losses in agricultural crops. The botryticidal activities of nanosized silver (nano Ag), fungal chitosan (CTS) irradiated fungal chitosan (IrCTS), and nano Ag-IrCTS composite were investigated. All of the examined materials exhibited powerful antifungal ...
Kawano Hiroshi - - 2013
Age-related arterial stiffening and reduction of arterial elasticity are attenuated in individuals with high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness. Viscosity is another mechanical characteristic of the arterial wall; however, the effects of age and cardiorespiratory fitness have not been determined. We examined the associations among age, cardiorespiratory fitness and carotid arterial ...
Rebeis Eduardo Baldassari - - 2013
To determine possible variations in the Anthropometric Index for pectus excavatum relative to age, race, and sex in individuals free of thoracic wall deformities. Between 2002 and 2012, 166 individuals with morphologically normal thoracic walls consented to have their chests and the perimeter of the lower third of the thorax ...
Hauser Michael - - 2013
Background: Compliance of the aorta is important in maintaining normal cardiovascular physiology. Pathological conditions can induce changes in elastic properties, having profound effects on their prognosis. The aim of this study was to establish age-related reference values for distensibility and wall stiffness index of the ascending aorta. Methods and Results: A total ...
Lunardi Adriana C - - 2013
The aging process is characterized by physiological and functional modifications that impair pulmonary function. Incentive spirometry (IS) has been widely used in clinical practice for lung expansion; however, the effects of volumetric IS (VIS) and flow-oriented IS (FIS) on chest wall volumes, inspiratory muscular activity and thoracoabdominal synchrony in elderly ...
Strobl Frederik F - - 2013
To evaluate the effect of age, gender and cardiovascular risk factors on vessel wall inflammation and the calcified plaque burden in different vascular beds as assessed by PET/CT. 315 patients (mean age: 57.8 years, 123 male and 192 female) who underwent whole body 18F-FDG PET/CT examinations were included in the study. ...
Saxton Heidi J - - 2013
The transfer of mercury from female to offspring plays an important role in its accumulation and toxicity during early development. To quantify the transfer of inorganic mercury and methylmercury from female arthropods to their eggs, we collected and analyzed brine shrimp (Artemia franciscana), wolf spiders (Alopecosa spp.), and their attached ...
Gidding Samuel S SS Nemours Cardiac Center, A. I. DuPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify determinants of 20-year change in left ventricular (LV) mass (LVM) and LV geometry in black and white young adults in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. We studied 2426 black and white men and women (54.7% white) aged ...
Martin Caitlin - - 2013
Quantification of the age- and gender-specific in vivo mechanical characteristics of the ascending aorta (AA) will allow for identification of abnormalities aside from changes brought on by aging alone. Multiphase clinical CT scans of 45 male patients between the ages of 30 and 79 years were analyzed to assess age-dependent in ...
Panagiotakopulu Eva - - 2013
Attributing a season and a date to the volcanic eruption of Santorini in the Aegean has become possible by using preserved remains of the bean weevil, Bruchus rufipes, pests of pulses, from the storage jars of the West House, in the Bronze Age settlement at Akrotiri. We have applied an ...
Villani Edoardo - - 2013
PURPOSE: To evaluate age-related Meibomian gland (MG) changes by in vivo laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM). METHODS: Asymptomatic healthy subjects (n=100, age range 20-83 years) with Ocular Surface Disease Index score < 13 were consecutively enrolled. Two additional groups, one composed of subjects under 40 years of age (n=12) and ...
Stein R Will - - 2013
Abstract Eudyptes penguins (six species) are uniquely characterized by a two-egg clutch with extreme intraclutch egg-size dimorphism (ESD): the first-laid A-egg is 17.5%-56.9% smaller than the B-egg. Although A-eggs are viable, they almost never produce fledged chicks (genus average <1%). Using classical life-history theory and phylogenetic comparative methods, we demonstrate ...
Gietema Hester A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available as to the relationship between computed tomography (CT) derived data on emphysema and airway wall thickness, and quality of life in subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Such data may work to clarify the clinical correlate of the CT findings. METHODS: We included 1778 ...
Hadfield Jarrod D - - 2013
The relative age of an individual's siblings is a major cause of fitness variation in many species. In Blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus), we show that age hierarchies are predominantly caused by incubation preclutch completion, such that last laid eggs hatch later than early laid eggs. However, after statistically controlling for ...
Pasban Ziyarat Fatemeh - - 2013
The binding of ciprofloxacin to lysozyme in the presence of three Ag nano-particles of varying sizes was for the first time investigated by multispectroscopic and isothermal titration calorimetry techniques at pH 7.4. The results indicated that ciprofloxacin quenched the fluorescence intensity of lysozyme through a static mechanism but in the ...
Ahmed Awad A AA Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2013
There are no well-established normal tissue sparing dose-volume histogram (DVH) criteria that limit the risk of urinary toxicity from prostate radiation therapy (RT). The aim of this study was to determine which criteria predict late toxicity among various DVH parameters when contouring the entire solid bladder and its contents versus ...
Wachter Kenneth W KW Department of Demography, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-2120, USA. - - 2013
W. D. Hamilton's celebrated formula for the age-specific force of natural selection furnishes predictions for senescent mortality due to mutation accumulation, at the price of reliance on a linear approximation. Applying to Hamilton's setting the full nonlinear demographic model for mutation accumulation recently developed by Evans, Steinsaltz, and Wachter, we ...
Copping Kristine E - - 2013
Age and race differences in race stereotype awareness and endorsement were examined in 382 Black and White fourth, sixth, and eighth graders. Youth reported their own beliefs and their perceptions of adults' beliefs about racial differences in ability in two domains: academics and sports. Children's own endorsement of race stereotypes ...
Ahmed Tofael - - 2013
Macrocentrus cingulum Brischke (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is a polyembryonic endoparasitoid of the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis and the European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis. To better understand the host location mechanism, we examined the external morphology and ultrastructure of the antennal sensilla of this parasitoid by using scanning and transmission electron ...
Peverieri Giuseppino Sabbatini - - 2013
Leptoglossus occidentalis Heidemann (Heteroptera, Coreidae) is native to Western North America and is a serious pest for seed production of conifers. The pest was accidentally introduced into Europe in the 1990s. Since then, seed loss has been recorded in Pinus pinea (L.) forests, with a negative impact on the commercial ...
Hirt Carsten - - 2013
ABSTRACT t(14;18)-positive cells can not only be detected in follicular lymphoma (FL) patients but also in healthy individuals (HI). We used epidemiological data and blood samples of the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) to analyze associations of FL risk factors and t(14;18)-positive cells in HI. Buffy coat samples ...
Kindsvater H K - - 2013
To inquire how male size interacts with alloparental behaviour and mating success in the tessellated darter Etheostoma olmstedi, males were given a choice of nests with or without eggs; subsequent nest occupancy, takeovers and egg deposits were monitored. Subordinate males readily occupied available nests with eggs but were often evicted ...
Polačiková Lenka - - 2013
In birds, the colour, maculation, shape, and size of their eggs play critical roles in discrimination of foreign eggs in the clutch. So far, however, no study has examined the role of egg arrangement within a clutch on host rejection responses. We predicted that individual females which maintain consistent egg ...
Anderson Stacy L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To compare bursting strength and failure mode between ventral median celiotomies closed with USP 7 braided polydioxanone (7PD) or USP 2 polyglactin 910 (2PG). STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo experimental. ANIMALS: Equine cadavers (n = 10). METHODS: A 25 cm ventral median celiotomy was created in fresh equine cadavers. A 200 L polyurethane bladder ...
Bourée P - - 2013
Tungiasis is an ectoparasitosis caused by penetration into the skin of the sand or chigger flea, Tunga penetrans. The epidemiology in Cameroon of this disease, often associated with poverty, is unknown. Accordingly, in August 2008, we conducted a study in Bangou, in Western Cameroon, among a sample of 403 people, divided in ...
Sudo Masaaki - - 2013
The eggs of the herbivorous false spider mite Brevipalpus obovatus Donnadieu have a longer incubation period than those of spider mites and are not protected by webs. Brevipalpus obovatus often lays its eggs in the gaps among the hairs on host leaves. We examined the effects of stellate hairs of ...
Vogt Tobias C - - 2013
Background: In the two decades since reunification, East Germans have experienced a large increase in life expectancy and a convergence with the West German mortality level. This gain in life expectancy appears even more impressive if we assume a different scenario in which the Berlin Wall did not fall, and ...
Tong J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of the present study is the investigation of gender differences in the biomechanical properties, thrombus age, mass fraction and key clinical factors of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 90 AAA samples (78 males and 12 females) were harvested from open surgical ...
Nangsuay A - - 2013
Two experiments were conducted to study the interaction between breeder age and egg size on the energy utilization (experiment 1) and heat production (experiment 2) of broiler embryos. In experiment 1, a total of 4,800 Ross-308 hatching eggs from 2 breeder ages (29 and 53 wk of age, or young ...
Hester P Y - - 2013
Enrichment of pullet cages with perches has not been studied. Our objective was to determine if access to metal perches during all or part of the life cycle of caged White Leghorns affected egg traits, foot health, and feather condition. Treatment 1 represented control chickens that never had access to ...
Kanyilmaz Selcen - - 2013
The aim of this study was to investigate bladder wall thickness (BWT) and ultrasound estimated bladder weight (UEBW) values in healthy population with a portative ultrasound device and their relationship with demographic parameters. The study was carried out in Neurorehabilitation Clinic of Ege University Hospital. Ninety-five subjects (48 women and ...
Hansel Nadia N NN Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. - - 2013
Whether African Americans (AA) are more susceptible to COPD than non-Hispanic Whites (NHW) and whether racial differences in disease phenotype exist is controversial. The objective is to determine racial differences in the extent of emphysema and airway remodeling in COPD. First, 2,500 subjects enrolled in the COPDGene study were used ...
Diao Yuling - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: The medial wall of the cavernous sinus is believed to play a significant role in determining the direction of growth of pituitary adenomas and in planning pituitary surgery. However, it remains unclear whether there is a dural wall between the pituitary gland and the cavernous sinus. OBJECTIVE:: To identify ...
Johannessen Ane - - 2013
RATIONALE: There is limited knowledge of the prognostic value of quantitative computed tomography (CT) measures of emphysema and airway wall thickness (AWT) on mortality. OBJECTIVES: To examine 8-yrs mortality in relation to CT-measured emphysema and AWT, and assess if potential impact of these predictors remained after adjustment for lung function. ...
Das Manash R - - 2013
A composite material consisting of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) deposited on graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets is prepared by chemical reduction of Ag metal ions by sodium borohydride (NaBH(4)) in the presence of trisodium citrate acting as a stabilizing agent to prevent agglomeration of the nanoparticles. The synthesized GO/Ag NPs composite ...
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