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Zheng Li-Qing LQ State Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, P. R. China. - - 2014
The reaction between MO and NaBH4 catalyzed by Ag NPs has been studied. Ag NPs catalyzed the reduction of MO rapidly, while adding CTAB into the solution caused the regeneration of MO. Thus, reversible catalysis for the reaction between MO and NaBH4 by Ag NPs was discovered for the first ...
Pesonen Maria M Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the predictive value of skin prick testing in early childhood on subsequent allergic symptoms up to adult age. A cohort of 200 unselected healthy newborns was prospectively followed from birth to 20 years of age. Of them, 163 (82%) were reassessed at age 5 years, 150 (76%) at age 11 years, ...
Boonchai Waranya W Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2014
Nickel is one of the most common allergens causing allergic contact dermatitis worldwide. The aim of the study was to evaluate the contributing factors to nickel contact allergy (NiCA) in Asians who have a unique culture and lifestyle. We randomly selected 324 previously patch-tested patients, 162 nickel patch test (PT)-positive ...
Tang Xiaosheng X Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Technology and Systems of the Education Ministry of China, College of Optoelectronic Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China. xstang@cqu.edu.cn - - 2014
Ag-In-Zn-S nanorods with tunable photoluminescence were formed by a convenient synthetic approach, and the nanorods demonstrated a relatively long fluorescence lifetime of 1.248 μs. In addition, Ag-In-Zn-S nanorods of nail shape and rod-particle dimers were successfully produced by adjusting the reaction parameters.
Lu Ying Y College of Biotechnology and Food Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, 230009, - - 2014
Intracellular melanin from Lachnum singerianum YM296 (LIM) was obtained by the method of microwave-assisted extraction. On the basis of single factor experiment, the optimum microwave-assisted extraction conditions of LIM using Box-Behnken design were as follows: NaOH concentration, 1.05 mol/L; ratio of raw material to liquid ratio, 1:14.72 (g/mL); microwave time, 118.70 s; ...
Jaimes Camilo C From the Department of Radiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 34th & Civic Center Blvd, Room 3NW, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (C.J., J.I.B., J.D., V.H.F., D.J.); and Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa (J.I.B., V.H.F., - - 2014
Purpose To determine the feasibility of using in vivo diffusion-tensor imaging and tractography of the physis to examine changes related to rate of growth, location, and age. Materials and Methods This retrospective study was institutional review board approved and HIPAA compliant and the requirement for informed consent was waived. Diffusion-tensor ...
Johnson Laura L Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, - - 2014
To understand the mechanisms of airway inflammation associated with equine diseases such as Rhodococcus equi infection, we must identify baseline "normal" structural characteristics of the horse lung. To develop a detailed understanding of the morphology of the horse lung, we adapted and applied stereological methods to the lungs from healthy ...
De Schutter Alban A John Ochsner Heart & Vascular Institute, Ochsner Clinical School, The University of Queensland School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA; Department of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic Florida, - - 2014
To evaluate the effects of body composition as a function of lean mass index (LMI) and body fat (BF) on the correlation between increasing body mass index (BMI; calculated as the weight in kilograms divided by the height in meters squared) and decreasing mortality, which is known as the obesity ...
Ryan Lee L Evelyn F. McKnight Brain Institute, Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, - - 2014
To assess whether the pattern of diffusion changes among a cohort of individuals showing BMI-related increases in white matter volume reflects healthy expansion of myelin or damaged white matter. Diffusion MRI measures (axial, radial, and fractional anisotropy) were obtained from 94 females, aged 52-92. Relationships between BMI and diffusion measures ...
Loffredo Francesco S FS From the Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology, Harvard University, Brigham Regenerative Medicine Center, Cambridge, MA; Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA; and Harvard Stem Cell Institute, Cambridge, - - 2014
Age-related diastolic dysfunction is a major factor in the epidemic of heart failure. In patients hospitalized with heart failure, HFpEF is now as common as heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. We now have many successful treatments for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, while specific treatment options for HFpEF ...
Canepa Marco M Longitudinal Studies Section, Translational Gerontology Branch, NIA/NIH, Baltimore, Maryland; Laboratory of Cardiovascular Sciences, Human Cardiovascular Studies Unit, National Institute on Aging/National Institute of Health, Baltimore, Maryland; Division of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Internal Medicine, University of Genova, Genova, - - 2014
A localized hypertrophy of the subaortic segment of the ventricular septum-ventricular septal bulge (VSB)-has been frequently described in series of elderly population, but its prevalence with age, clinical correlates, and impact on cardiac function and exercise capacity remain uncertain. We explored these associations in a cross-sectional sample without known cardiac disease ...
Sadigh Sam S Department of Ophthalmology, Scheie Eye Institute, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia, PA , USA - - 2014
Abstract Purpose/Aim: To investigate the relationship of drusen and photoreceptor abnormalities in African-American (AA) patients with intermediate non-neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Materials and methods: AA patients with intermediate AMD (n = 11; age 52-77 years) were studied with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Macular location and characteristics of large drusen (≥125 µm) were ...
Bosemani Thangamadhan T Section of Pediatric Neuroradiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, The Russell H Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
The aims of this study were to compare, using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of the brainstem, microstructural integrity of the white matter in children with achondroplasia and age-matched participants and to correlate the severity of craniocervical junction (CCJ) narrowing and neurological findings with DTI scalars in children with achondroplasia. This ...
Stojanovska Jadranka J Division of Cardiothoracic Radiology, Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
Left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) volumetric and functional parameters are important biomarkers for morbidity and mortality in patients with heart failure. To retrospectively determine reference mean values of LV and RV volume, function and mass normalised by age, gender and body surface area (BSA) from retrospectively electrocardiographically gated ...
Singleton Michael D MD Department of Epidemiology, University of Kentucky College of Public - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Increases in asthma and obesity over the past three decades have led to speculation about a causal link between the two diseases. However, investigations of the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) - a marker of eosinophilic airway inflammation - have produced ...
Baptista António M G - - 2014
The purpose of the present work was to estimate the changes in spatial distribution and optical density of macular pigment (MP) with age. A fundus imaging system with high spatial and spectral resolution was adapted to form an indirect ophthalmoscope. The double optical density at 490 nm of the MP as ...
Kantanista Adam A Chair of the Theory and Methodology of Physical Education, University School of Physical Education, Poznan, - - 2014
Introduction and objectives. Underweight is associated with increased mortality of adults when compared to normal weight or overweight individuals. Studies of associations between underweight and physical activity levels in adolescents are sparse. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of underweight amongst 14 to 16 year-old girls ...
Tsunoda Takashi T Laboratory of Applied Entomology and Zoology, Faculty of Horticulture, Chiba University, 648 Matsudo, Chiba, 271-8510, Japan, - - 2014
Ixodid ticks were collected from 13 sika deer, Cervus n. nippon, shot in the Boso Peninsula in central Japan from late February to early March 1999. Haemaphysalis megaspinosa was the most abundant species of the adults collected, although Haemaphysalis longicornis, H. flava, H. kitaokai, H. cornigera, Ixodes ovatus, and Amblyomma ...
Zaichick Vladimir V Radionuclide Diagnostics Department, Medical Radiological Research Centre Korolyeva Str. 4, Obninsk, 249036 Kaluga Region, Russia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The variation with age of the mass fraction of 37 chemical elements in intact nonhyperplastic prostate of 65 healthy 21-87 year old males was investigated by instrumental neutron activation analysis with high resolution spectrometry of short- and long-lived radionuclides. Mean values (M±SΕΜ) for mass fractions (mgkg(-1), dry mass basis) of ...
Rahman Ziaur Z Health Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science & Technology, Nilore, Islamabad 45650, - - 2014
Using anthropomorphic phantom in Geant4, determination of β- and γ-absorbed fractions and energy absorbed per event due to (131)I activity in thyroid of individuals of various age groups and geometrical models, have been carried out. In the case of (131)I β-particles, the values of the absorbed fraction increased from 0.88 ...
Lewis Michael J MJ College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea, - - 2014
Assuming that RR time-series behave as a fractionally differintegrated Gaussian process, García-González et al. (2003) recently proposed new indices for quantifying variability and structure in RR data. One of these was the 'fractional noise quantifier' (fnQ), measuring the departure of an RR time-series from a monofractal structure (i.e. a measure of ...
Alharbi Sulaiman Ali SA Department of Botany and Microbiology, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi - - 2014
What would have happened had Alexander Fleming not discovered penicillin in 1928? Perhaps the obvious answer is that, someone else would have discovered penicillin during 1930s and the Oxford group, would still have purified it sometime in the early 1940s. Here, however, in this counterfactual account of the penicillin story, ...
Umene-Nakano Wakako W Department of Psychiatry, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, - - 2014
In the present study, we aimed to investigate the difference in white matter between smokers and nonsmokers. In addition, we examined relationships between white matter integrity and nicotine dependence parameters in smoking subjects. Nineteen male smokers were enrolled in this study. Eighteen age-matched non-smokers with no current or past psychiatric ...
Ruther Joachim J Institute of Zoology, University of Regensburg, 93053, Regensburg, Germany, - - 2013
Sex pheromones are crucial for mate finding in many animals. Long-range attraction, mate recognition, and the elicitation of sexual receptiveness during courtship are typically mediated by different compounds. It is widely unknown, however, how the different components of a species' pheromone system influence each other. Here, we demonstrated in the ...
Meng Qingyu - - 2013
The objective of this work is to examine associations between blood Pb (PbB) and air Pb (PbA) in particulate matter measured at different size increments using PbB concentrations from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and PbA concentrations from the U.S. EPA for 1999-2008. Three size fractions of particle-bound ...
Schmidt J F - - 2013
The aim of the study was to determine whether lifelong football training may improve cardiovascular function, physical fitness, and body composition. Our subjects were 17 male veteran football players (VPG; 68.1 ± 2.1 years) and 26 healthy age-matched untrained men who served as a control group (CG; 68.2 ± 3.2 years). Examinations included measurements ...
Wang Lijun - - 2013
Ginsenosides are the major active constituents in both white and red American ginseng (AG) and their pharmacological effects on central nervous, cardiovascular and endocrine system have been well elucidated. However, the anti-Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) activity of them is still unknown. In this study, 5 ginsenosides enriched fractions were obtained ...
Shin Doyun D Mineral Resources Research Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Gwahangno 124, Daejeon 305-350, Republic of - - 2013
The potential bioavailability of phenanthrene aged in soil was determined by using a self-dying reporter bacterium, and the results were compared to two physicochemical measures, Tenax TA(®) bead-assisted desorption, and hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPCD) extraction. The reporter bacterium, capable of degrading phenanthrene as a sole carbon and energy source, was genetically reconstructed ...
Ikuta Toshikazu - - 2013
There is now considerable evidence that white matter abnormalities play a role in the neurobiology of autism. Little research has been directed, however, at understanding (a) typical white matter development in autism and how this relates to neurocognitive impairments observed in the disorder. In this study we used probabilistic tractography ...
Padwal R - - 2013
Background:In heart failure (HF) obesity, defined as body mass index (BMI) 30 kg/m(2), is paradoxically associated with higher survival rates compared to normal-weight patients (the 'obesity paradox'). We sought to determine if the obesity paradox differed by HF subtype [reduced ejection fraction (HF-REF) versus preserved ejection fraction (HF-PEF)] and whether the ...
Tong J - - 2013
Thrombus ages, defined as four relative age phases, are related to different compositions of the intraluminal thrombus (ILT) in the abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) (Tong et al., 2011b). Experimental studies indicate a correlation between the relative thrombus age and the strength of the thrombus-covered wall. On 32 AAA samples we ...
Jeong Ji Hee - - 2013
In vitro antioxidant activities and neuron-like PC12 cell protective effects of solvent fractions from aged garlic extracts were investigated to evaluate their anti-amnesic functions. Ethyl acetate fractions of aged garlic had higher total phenolics than other fractions. Antioxidant activities of ethyl acetate fractions from aged garlic were examined using 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic ...
Takao Hidemasa - - 2013
To examine sex differences in fractional anisotropy of the white matter across the whole brain, controlling for head size variation. A total of 238 normal subjects aged 40-49 years were included in this study. Diffusion tensor images were acquired at 3 Tesla using a single-shot spin-echo echo-planar sequence. With use ...
Forman Daniel E - - 2013
Heart failure (HF) increases significantly in relation to advancing age, yet management for HF in very old adults remains ambiguous. With aging, not only do age-related, morphological and physiological cardiovascular changes predispose to HF, there is also increased prevalence of comorbid conditions that compound cardiac limitations (e.g., renal insufficiency and ...
Freycon Fernand - - 2013
We studied academic and employment outcomes in 59 subjects who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (a-HSCT) with fractionated total body irradiation (fTBI) for childhood leukemia, comparing them with, first, the general French population and, second, findings in 19 who underwent a-HSCT with chemotherapy conditioning. We observed an average academic ...
Lu Peng-Fei PF The Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation, Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, 35 Qinghua Dong Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100083, P. R. China. - - 2013
The legume pod borer, Maruca vitrata (Lepidoptera: Crambidae; syn. M. testulalis), is a serious pantropical insect pest of grain legumes. Comparative studies of M. vitrata female sex pheromone components in two different geographic populations in China, Wuhan and Huazhou, confirmed that (E,E)-10,12-hexadecadienal (E10,E12-16:Ald) and (E)-10-hexadecenal (E10-16:Ald) were present in variable ...
Zaichick Vladimir - - 2013
The effect of age on chemical element mass fractions in intact prostate of 50 apparently healthy 0-30 year old males was investigated by neutron activation analysis with high resolution spectrometry of short-lived radionuclides. Mean values (M±SΕΜ) for mass fraction (mgkg(-1), dry mass basis) of chemical elements before the time of ...
Lagoeiro Jorge Antonio José - - 2013
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) is a highly prevalent syndrome that is difficult to diagnose in outpatients. The measurement of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) may be useful in the diagnosis of HFPEF, but with a different cutoff from that used in the emergency room. The aim of this ...
Barber Brent J - - 2013
To estimate the age when cardiomyopathy develops in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and to analyze the effect of corticosteroid treatment on the age of cardiomyopathy onset. We identified a population-based sample of 462 boys with DMD, born between 1982 and 2005, in 5 surveillance sites in the US. ...
Henein Michael - - 2013
As the proportion of elderly population increases rapidly, it might be difficult to differentiate physiological changes in cardiac function due to age from the pathophysiological ones. In addition, cardiac function variations with gender are well established. The right ventricular (RV) plays an important role in the overall cardiac function, but ...
Xi Jinxiang - - 2013
The human respiratory airway undergoes dramatic growth during infancy and childhood, which induces significant variability in airflow pattern and particle depositions. However, deposition studies have typically focused on adult subjects, results of which may not be readily extrapolated to children. To quantify the growth of human nasal-laryngeal airways at early ...
Choi James J JJ Yale School of Management and - - 2013
Using holdings data on a representative sample of all Shanghai Stock Exchange investors, we show that increases in ownership breadth (the fraction of market participants who own a stock) predict low returns: highest change quintile stocks underperform lowest quintile stocks by 23% per year. Small retail investors drive this result. ...
Maffessanti Francesco - - 2013
-Right ventricular (RV) volumes and ejection fraction (EF) vary significantly with demographic and anthropometric factors, and are associated with poor prognosis in several cardiovascular diseases. This multicenter study was designed to: a) establish the reference values for RV volumes and EF using transthoracic 3D echocardiography (3DE); b) investigate the influence ...
Roman Yannick - - 2013
Plasma agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE) is recognized as a very reliable diagnostic tool in avian medicine. Within the last 10 years, new electrophoresis techniques such as capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) have emerged in human laboratory medicine but have never been investigated in birds. To investigate the use of CZE in ...
Blaschek A - - 2013
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Loss of integrity in nonlesional white matter occurs as a fundamental feature of multiple sclerosis in adults. The purpose of our study was to evaluate DTI-derived measures of white matter microstructure in children with MS compared with age- and sex-matched controls by using tract-based spatial statistics.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Fourteen ...
Pipis Antonios - - 2013
The purpose of this study is to measure the macular pigment optical density and study its spatial profile as well as identify its determinant factors in a Central European population. The macular pigment optical density (MPOD) and its distribution were assessed in 228 eyes of 129 subjects using fundus reflectometry ...
Kraigher-Krainer Elisabeth E Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, - - 2013
Reduced physical activity is associated with increased risk of heart failure (HF) in middle-aged individuals. We hypothesized that physical inactivity is also associated with greater HF risk in older individuals, and examined if the association was consistent for HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) vs. HF with a reduced ejection ...
Horenstein Marcelo G - - 2013
ABSTRACT:: Follicular counts from transverse sectioning of scalp biopsies have not been statistically scrutinized across disease entities in a standardized fashion. We applied uniform histological criteria and strict statistical measures to compare nonscarring and scarring alopecia. We studied 700 consecutive cases including 355 nonscarring alopecia [136 telogen effluvium, 115 alopecia ...
Pötzsch S - - 2013
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are the results of a chemical reaction of reactive aldehydes, such as sugars, with amino acid side chains. AGEs can be formed by the heating process of the food and taken up with the diet. They are thought to be at least in part responsible ...
Mayer Christian - - 2013
Density has been suggested to affect variation in extra-pair paternity (EPP) in avian mating systems, because increasing density promotes encounter rates and thus mating opportunities. However, the significance of density affecting EPP variation in intra- and interspecific comparisons has remained controversial, with more support from intraspecific comparisons. Neither experimental nor ...
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