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Thalmann Basilius - - 2014
Recent studies have documented that the sulfidation of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NP), possibly released to the environment from consumer products, occurs in anoxic zones of urban wastewater systems and that sulfidized Ag-NP exhibit dramatically reduced toxic effects. However, whether Ag-NP sulfidation also occurs under oxic conditions in the absence of bisulfide ...
Alves Nilton N CIMA Research Group, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad de La Frontera, Avenue Manuel Montt, 112. Casilla 54-D., Temuco, Chile, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to provide morphometric data, obtained from macerated mandibles, which might facilitate the topographic location of the mandibular foramen, considering aspects such as gender, age and ethnicity. One hundred and eighty-five macerated mandibles of adult black and white individuals of both sexes were analyzed. Initially, ...
Lee Young-Hoon YH Department of Preventive Medicine & Institute of Wonkwang Medical Science, Wonkwang University College of Medicine, Iksan, South Korea; Regional Cardiocerebrovascular Center, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, South - - 2014
We determined the gender- and age-specific normative values of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in a healthy Korean population. We also present the mean age-specific carotid IMT values according to the presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and the number of MetS components. A total of 9374 subjects from the Namwon Study ...
Morita Yusuke Y Department of Orthodontics, School of Dental Medicine, Tsurumi - - 2014
Titanium and stainless steel wires used for retainers in orthodontic procedures were coated with Ag ions and the effects of the coating on common oral pathogens and their pathogenicity were investigated. Two species of cariogenic and three species of periodontopathic bacteria were assessed. Biofilms of Streptococcus sobrinus and two VSC ...
Moreira Iris I Research associate, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; former clinical orthodontic fellow, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
In this retrospective longitudinal study, we aimed to study differences in the soft-tissue profiles in growing children with clefts in comparison with controls through the period of facial growth from 7 to 18 years. Lateral cephalometric measurements made at 7 years (T1), 11.1 years (T2), and 17.9 years (T3) of ...
Fischer Kai R KR Unit of Periodontology, UCL Eastman Dental Institute, London, UK; Department of Periodontology, University Witten/Herdecke Witten, - - 2014
To evaluate a possible relationship between gingival biotypes and gingival thickness, papilla height and gingival width. Thirty-six adult subjects were stratified by their gingival biotype (GB), as defined by transparency of a periodontal probe through the buccal gingival margin, into "thin" (18 subjects) and "thick" (18 subjects) GB. Out of ...
De Koning Mariken B MB 1Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Reduced prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response is thought to represent a robust biomarker in schizophrenia. Reduced PPI has been demonstrated in subjects at ultra high risk (UHR) for developing psychosis. Imaging studies report disruption of striatal dopaminergic neurotransmission in patients with schizophrenia. First, we compared the PPI ...
Bruns Katharina - - 2014
A high degree of meniscal body extrusion on knee magnetic resonance imaging has been shown to be strongly associated with development of knee osteoarthritis However, very little is known about meniscal position in the asymptomatic knee and its natural history. Hence our objective was to study meniscal body position and ...
Abreu F M FM Department of Animal Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of age of the ovulatory follicle on fertility in beef heifers. Ovulation was synchronized with the 5 d CO-Synch + CIDR program in heifers in Montana (n = 162, Hereford and Angus Crossbred; MT) and Ohio (n = 170, Angus ...
Fonseca Lílian Martins LM Private practice, Brasilia; invited professor, Department of Orthodontics, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Physical attributes, behavior, and personal ornaments exert a direct influence on how a person's beauty and personality are judged. The aim of this study was to investigate how people who wear a fixed orthodontic appliance see themselves and are seen by others in social settings. A total of 60 adults ...
Derraik José G B JG Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New - - 2014
We aimed to assess the effects of age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and anatomical site on skin thickness in children and adults with diabetes. We studied 103 otherwise healthy children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes aged 5-19 years, and 140 adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes ...
Chen Yuting - - 2014
Using carboxylate-protected silver nanoclusters (Ag-Carboxylate NCs) as a model, we separately investigated the contribution of the ligand shell and the metal core to understand the nature of photoluminescence of Ag NCs. A new Ag(0)NCs@Ag(I)-carboxylate complex core-shell structural model has been proposed. The emission from the Ag-carboxylate NCs could be attributed ...
Savikin Katarina K 1 Institute for Medicinal Plants Research , Belgrade, Serbia - - 2014
Abstract The aim of our study was to investigate possible beneficial effects of organic chokeberry juice (OCJ) consumption in the treatment of cellulite. Twenty-nine women aged 25-48 with a cellulite grade 2 according to the Nurnberger-Muller scale were included. Anthropometric and biochemical parameters were measured. Skin structure was analyzed by ...
Phelan Angie A Orthodontist, Discipline of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sydney, Surry Hills, New South Wales, - - 2014
This study was a cephalometric evaluation of the growth changes in untreated subjects with minimal overbite at 4 time points during 4 developmental stages from the early mixed dentition to the permanent dentition, as well as from the prepubertal phase to young adulthood. A sample of 24 untreated subjects with ...
Zingg Matthias Alexander - - 2014
Age and peak performance in ultra-endurance athletes have been mainly investigated in long-distance runners and triathletes, but not for long-distance swimmers. The present study investigated the age and swimming performance of elite ultra-distance swimmers competing in the 5-, 10- and 25-km Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA) World Cup swimming events. ...
Wang Tao T 1] Institute of Functional Nano and Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-based Functional Materials and Devices & Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, P. R. China [2] Anhui Key Laboratory of Functional Coordination Compounds, Anqing Normal University, Anqing 246011, People's Republic of - - 2014
The finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method was employed to simulate the electric field distribution for noble metal (Au or Ag)/semiconductor (Ge or Si) substrates. The simulation showed that noble metal/Ge had stronger SERS enhancement than noble metal/Si, which was mainly attributed to the different dielectric constants of semiconductors. In order to ...
Khaleel Ziyad L - - 2013
Object Posterior odontoid process inclination has been associated with Chiari malformation Type I in the pediatric population. There are varying reports to support a reliable range of odontoid inclination angles in control adults. The purpose of this study is to estimate the normal measurements in adults for odontoid retroflexion, retroversion, ...
Khan Imran J - - 2013
Quantifying the extent of conjunctival fibrosis for documentation of progression in conjunctival scarring disease is a clinical challenge. Measurement of forniceal foreshortening facilitates monitoring of these disorders. This study aims (1) to define the limits of the normal human conjunctival fornices and how these alter with age and (2) to ...
De Jesús-Navarrete Alberto A Departamento de Aprovechamiento y Manejo de Recursos Acuáticos, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, Unidad Chetumal, A.P. 424 Chetumal Quintana Roo, México. - - 2013
Queen conch is a gastropod inhabiting the Caribbean Sea, it represents the second largest fishery after the spiny lobster, but it has been extensively captured in the area. In order to know its population status in Chinchorro Bank, we determined conch density changes and its effects on reproductive activities, between ...
Gepner Adam D AD From the Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Medicine Division (A.D.G., C.E.K., M.C.T., J.H.S.), and Department of Medicine, Nephrology Division (B.C.A.), University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI; Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (L.A.C., K.L.); and Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, WA (E.K.H., - - 2014
Arterial stiffening is associated with hypertension, stroke, and cognitive decline; however, the effects of aging and cardiovascular disease risk factors on carotid artery stiffening have not been assessed prospectively in a large multiethnic longitudinal study. Distensibility coefficient and the Young's elastic modulus (YEM) of the right common carotid artery were ...
Videman Tapio - - 2013
Many studies have focused on either the intervertebral disc, as a culprit in back pain problems, or the vertebral body, but very few studies have examined both structures and their relation. The goals were to measure the concordant changes in morphology of the discs and vertebrae during 5, 10 and ...
Liu Fu-Ling - - 2013
A rare example of coordination at the amino group of NH2 pym (2-aminopyrimidine) relevant to NH activation is described that leads to a novel Ag(I) -imide 3D metal-organic framework (MOF). The coordination of Ag(I) to NH2 pym produced an electron-withdrawing effect and thus increased its acidity, which facilitated the NH ...
Zhong Hua - - 2013
The objective of this study was to measure the normal hippocampal formation of the adults in China and to provide data for the prevention and diagnoses of the related diseases. 3D-fSPGR sequence scanning was used in 68 cases of healthy adult brain to gain the image between lateral border of ...
Reed Matthew P MP University of Michigan Transportation Research - - 2013
A laboratory study of posture and belt fit was conducted with 46 men and 51 women, 61% of whom were age 60 years or older and 32% age 70 years or older. In addition, 28% of the 97 participants were obese, defined as body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m^2. A ...
Tian Fei F Environmental Science and Engineering Research Center Harbin Institute of Technology Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, China. - - 2013
A series of precious metals catalysts (M/TiO2, M = Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Ir, Pt or Au) were prepared by a light deposition method and the synergistic photocatalytic degradations of pyridine (20 mg/L) under UV irradiation (365 nm) using M/TiO2 with electron capture agent KBrO3 have been investigated. The results ...
Al-Harthi Latfiya S - - 2013
Background: Data on the periodontal status of the adult population in the Arab world are scarce. The aim of this pilot study was to assess the prevalence, extent and severity of periodontal diseases in an adult group from Oman. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 319 teachers who were ...
Wisanuyotin Taweechok - - 2013
To investigate the geometry of the clavicle and to assess the reliability of Picture Archiving Communication System (PACS) for its measurement. One hundred pairs of dry clavicles from 78 males and 22 females were measured on radiographs using PACS. Measurements included all of the following parameters: length, width, medial and ...
Bandlitz Stefan - - 2013
The aims of this study were (i) to develop a new portable slit-lamp mounted digital meniscometer (PDM) and (ii) to test its accuracy and repeatability compared to the existing Yokoi et al. videomeniscometer (VM). We developed a novel application for an iPod or iPhone, which created an illuminated target of ...
Alqattan M - - 2013
Background/Objectives:To collect the reference values for facial asymmetry in adults using landmark and surface-based three-dimensional analyses and to compare their diagnostic abilities.Materials and Methods:Laser scans were taken from 85 British Caucasians, 29 males (23.9±5.7 years, range 19-44) and 56 females (28.1±9.5 years, range 19-54), students and staff of the Cardiff ...
Marsden Islay D - - 2013
We examined potential causes of variation in trace element accumulation in an estuarine bivalve Austrovenus stutchburyi from two estuarine systems in South Island, New Zealand which differed in their metal contamination and salinity regimes. Concentrations of Ag, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Ti, V and Zn ...
Sautter Julia - - 2013
This report demonstrates how carbon dioxide (CO2) may be a potent weapon in murder-suicide, where the death scene offers virtually no clues as to the lethal modality and the autopsy findings are nonspecific. Four bodies were discovered in an apartment in midsummer 2012 in Berlin, Germany. The bodies were those ...
Anwar Mohammad F - - 2013
Abstract Monodisperse silver (Ag) nanoparticles were synthesized by using Parthenium hystrophorus L leaf extract in aqueous media. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by using UV-vis spectrophotometer, X-ray diffracto-meter (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and dynamics light scattering (DLS). Size-dependent antibacterial activities of Ag nanoparticles were tested against Gram negative Pseudomonas ...
Hold Natalie - - 2013
Understanding variability in reproductive schedules is essential to the management of recruitment limited fisheries such as that of Pecten maximus. Small scale (<5 km) variation in gonad condition and the onset of spawning of P. maximus were found among commercial scallop grounds in Isle of Man waters. Environmental and fishing drivers of ...
Koçyiğit Ali - - 2013
The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) which obtain from diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI), is a quantitative parameter representing the renal function and parenchymal damage in some renal disorders. The primary aim of this study was to investigate whether renal tissue alterations associated with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) can be displayed by ...
Roberts Beverly A - - 2013
Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a known precursor to coronary heart disease (CHD) and other relevant health outcomes such as stroke and cognitive impairment. In addition, higher childhood intelligence has been associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease events in later life, although the mechanisms of effect are unclear. ...
Folaranmi N N Department of Child Dental Health, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, - - 2013
Withan increasing demand in the number of patients seeking orthodontictreatment at the Orthodontic unit of University of Benin teaching hospital it becomes imperative to provide normative values for anterior face heights. These values will then form a basis for clinical diagnosis, treatment planning and evaluation of facial proportions following orthodontic ...
Balijepalli C - - 2013
The percentile distribution of blood pressure (BP) with regard to age, sex and cardiovascular risk factors is unknown. We aimed to provide epidemiological data for a comprehensive description of the BP distribution across a wide age-range. We used data from the German Metabolic and Cardiovascular Risk Project (GEMCAS), a cross-sectional ...
Moon Seong-Su - - 2013
There have been increasing concerns regarding health problems due to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). We investigated association of heavy metals, including lead, mercury, and cadmium, with metabolic syndrome (MS) and its individual components in the Korean population. Participants included 1,961 males and 1,989 females 20 years of age or older from ...
Taneja Atul K - - 2013
To examine the association between inframalleolar peroneal tendon abnormalities and an enlarged peroneal tubercle. Two independent readers evaluated consecutive ankle MR imaging studies to classify inframalleolar peroneal tendon findings as normal, tenosynovitis, partial tear or complete tear. The size and morphology of the peroneal tubercle was also recorded. We performed ...
Panthier Christophe - - 2013
To assess intraobserver and interobserver agreement among physicians with different degrees of clinical experience, using a novel fundus autofluorescence semiautomated software for quantification of geographic atrophy in clinical setting. Fundus autofluorescence frames (excitation: 488 nm; emission: 500-700 nm) of 29 eyes (20 patients; mean age, 79.6 ± 6.2 years) with ...
Engelberger R P - - 2013
Background/aimObesity is a risk factor for chronic venous disease. However, the mechanisms behind this association are poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that obese subjects have a higher diurnal leg volume increase compared to non-obese subjects.MethodsIn this prospective cohort study including obese (BMI 30 kg/m(2)) and non-obese (BMI 25 kg/m(2)) subjects without ...
AlGhatrif Majd M Laboratory of Cardiovascular Science, Biomedical Research Center, 251 Bayview Blvd, Suite 100, Room 09B116, Baltimore, MD 21224. - - 2013
Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), a marker of arterial stiffness, is an established independent cardiovascular risk factor. Little information is available on the pattern and determinants of the longitudinal change in PWV with aging. Such information is crucial to elucidating mechanisms underlying arterial stiffness and the design of interventions to ...
Alharethy Sami E - - 2013
To investigate and define the ideal aesthetic nasal dorsum measurement in the Saudi population. This observational study was conducted from January to December 2012 at the Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A total of 127 raters, ...
Ilhan Nilufer - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: To investigate compatibility of spectacles with their prescriptions. Methods: This study was conducted prospectively between October 2007 and March 2009. A total of 1002 spectacles of 1002 individuals were included in the study. First right and then left lenses of the spectacles were measured with a Topcon CL-200 ...
Soydinc E - - 2013
We aimed to investigate the relationship between PCOS and epicardial fat thickness with transthoracic echocardiography. PCOS patients were divided into two groups according to the lean or obesity status: PCOS patients with lean 34 subjects (BMI: 23.3±2.8; mean age: 25.5±4), PCOS patients with obese16 subjects (BMI: 32.3±7.6; mean age: 27.2±3.7) ...
Muhr Jan - - 2013
Storage carbon (C) pools are often assumed to contribute to respiration and growth when assimilation is insufficient to meet the current C demand. However, little is known of the age of stored C and the degree to which it supports respiration in general. We used bomb radiocarbon ((14)C) measurements to ...
Ingegnoli Francesca - - 2013
Nailfold capillaroscopy has been extensively applied in a broad spectrum of pathologic conditions, but very few data have been published in healthy individuals. The aim of this study was to describe the nailfold capillary findings on a large series of healthy subjects using the video-capillaroscopy technique. Nailfold capillaries were studied ...
Goebels Susanne Christiane - - 2013
Abstract Background: The OA-1000 (Tomey, Japan) is a new optical biometer, which allows measurements of axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD) and corneal thickness (CT) due to partial coherence interferometry (PCI) technology. The aim of this study was to compare the OA-1000 results with those obtained with the IOLMaster ...
Won Hyung-Sun - - 2013
The thyroid isthmus has different measurements in its width, height, and thickness, and its location with respect to the tracheal rings has been inconsistent, among the anatomical literature. This study was performed to clarify the location and morphometric characteristics of the thyroid isthmus. One hundred thyroid isthmuses of adult Korean ...
Tominaga Hideyuki - - 2013
We investigated Ophiodaphne formata, an exceptional sexually dimorphic ophiuroid, in situ using scuba, and in the laboratory. Solitary males, solitary females, and pairs of coupled individuals were found associated with the irregular echinoid sand dollar Astriclypeus manni. We observed that coupled females, solitary males, and solitary females always hold their ...
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