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Tan Robert S RS Michael DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, TX, USA Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA University of Texas, Houston, TX, USA Opal Medical Clinic, Houston, TX, USA Low T Institute, Southlake, TX, USA - - 2014
Testosterone replacement improves quality of life and is aromatized in men in adipose tissues to estrogen. Hyperestrogenism is believed to be harmful to male sexuality. This is a description of our experience of screening 34,016 men in the Low T Centers, of which approximately 50% were converted to treatment. Men ...
Wenzel Jürgen J JJ Institute of Clinical Microbiology and Hygiene, Regensburg University Medical Center, Regensburg, - - 2014
In the past decade, an increasing frequency of acute hepatitis E was noted in Germany and other European countries. Moreover, a high prevalence (17%) of hepatitis E virus (HEV) immunoglobulin G antibodies (anti-HEV) was recently found in the adult German population. Although this alludes to an emerging pathogen, reports from ...
Chan J J Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Western University, - - 2014
Objective: Hair analysis has been demonstrated to accurately reflect exposure to drug abuse, environmental toxins and exogenous hormones. We tested the feasibility of measuring cortisol and testosterone in hair of healthy and obese subjects. Measurements: A modified immunoassay (ELISA) originally developed for saliva was used. Hair, urine and blood samples ...
Chung Sung Jun SJ Department of Internal Medicine, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Guri, - - 2014
The incidence of symptomatic hepatitis A reportedly increased among 20- to 40-year-old Korean during the late 2000s. Vaccination against hepatitis A was commenced in the late 1990s and was extended to children aged <10 years. In the present study we analyzed the changes in the seroprevalence of IgG anti-hepatitis A ...
Krishnan V V VV Department of Chemistry California State University, Fresno, California, 93740; Center for Comparative Medicine, University of California Davis, Davis, California, 95616; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California School of Medicine, Davis, California, - - 2014
Multiplex microbead immunoassay (MMIA) is a powerful technology for a wide range of biomedical and clinical applications. It is important to study the normal concentration ranges of immunomodulators under different sample preparation conditions and age groups of subjects in order to more precisely determine their reference values for use in ...
Dabaja Ali A - - 2014
Serum testosterone does not correlate with androgen tissue activity, and it is critical to optimize tools to evaluate such activity in males. Ultrasound measurement of bulbocavernosus muscle (BCM) was used to assess the relationship between the number of CAG repeats (CAGn) in the androgen receptor (AR) and the BCM size; ...
Quifer-Rada Paola P Department of Nutrition and Food Science-XARTA-INSA, School of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
Biomarkers of food consumption are a powerful tool to obtain more objective measurements of dietary exposure and to monitor compliance in clinical trials. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of urinary isoxanthohumol (IX) excretion as an accurate biomarker of beer consumption. A dose-response clinical trial, a randomized, crossover clinical ...
Konishi Shoko S Department of Human Ecology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan; Department of Anthropology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2014
Life history theory predicts a trade-off between immunostimulation and growth. Using a cross-sectional study design, this study aims to test the hypothesis that C-reactive protein (CRP) is negatively associated with height-for-age z-scores (HAZ scores) and BMI-for-age z-scores (BAZ scores) among 6- to 19-year olds (N = 426) residing in five Nepalese communities. ...
Steeb Hannah - - 2014
The higher prevalence of Asperger Syndrome (AS) and other autism spectrum conditions in males has been known for many years. However, recent multiplex immunoassay profiling studies have shown that males and females with AS have distinct proteomic changes in serum. Here, we analysed sera from adults diagnosed with AS (males = 14, ...
Zou Yan Y Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hangzhou, - - 2014
To evaluate the difference of iodine nutritional status between rural and urban residents under the universal salt iodisation policy. A multistage cluster sampling technique was employed in the present cross-sectional study. In total, 3300 rural and 3300 urban households were selected where the investigation was conducted. A total of 8553 ...
Tseng Hsiu Chen HC Department of Psychiatry, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 138 Sheng Li Road, North Dist., Tainan 70403, Taiwan; Department of Psychiatry, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Douliou Branch, Yunlin, - - 2013
Oxytocin (OT) has been shown to play a crucial role in the biology of social interaction. Sex differences associated with this neuropeptide system have been reported. OT may serves as an indicator of interpersonal stress, especially in women. The aim of this study was to investigate the sex-specific associations between ...
Tyagi Pradeep - - 2013
Although epidemiology studies consistently report increased prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) with age, an accurate deciphering of causative links between the two entities remains elusive. Studies on aged rodent bladder have so far yielded contradictory results on age-associated changes in muscarinic receptors, which highlight the challenge posed by species differences ...
Huertas Mar - - 2013
Mozambique tilapia males congregate in leks where they establish dominance hierarchies and attract females to spawn in sandy pits. Dominant males store more urine than subordinates and the pattern of urination and the high sensitivity of females to male urine suggests chemical signalling via the urine. Here we show that ...
Paradela Emylucy Martins Paiva EM Research Laboratory on Human Aging - GeronLab, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2013
Few studies have been published on the use of the Cambridge Cognitive Examination Test - Revised (CAMCOG-R) for cognitive assessment of low educational level older adults. The aim of the present study was to determine the accuracy of the Brazilian version of the CAMCOG-R (Br-CAMCOG-R) within a sample of low ...
Semião-Santos Saul José SJ - - 2013
We compared performance of a locally produced β-mercaptoethanol-modified promastigote antigen (β-ME-Ag) of an indigenous Leishmania infantum strain against that of a trypsinized (REF-Ag) Leismania donovani reference in the direct agglutination test (DAT) for detection of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL). One hundred and fifty-one serum samples collected from dogs belonging to ...
Kwak Jae - - 2013
The urinary odors are commonly perceived as unpleasant. While numerous studies have identified the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from urine, the odorants responsible for the urine odor are not well characterized. Furthermore, anecdotal reports suggest that the odor of aged urine is different from that of fresh urine. However, ...
Chang Yun Brenda - - 2013
Background. Human T-lymphotropic virus types 1 and 2 (HTLV-1 and -2) are prevalent at low-level among United States blood donors, but recent data on their prevalence is lacking.Methods. Data on all first-time blood donors in a large network of United States blood centers were examined during the period 2000-2009. HTLV-1 and -2 ...
Wang Zhenxing - - 2013
A novel chemiluminescence resonance energy transfer (CRET) system for competitive immunoassay of biomolecules was developed by using novel amorphous carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) prepared from candle soot as energy acceptors. The CNPs were firstly prepared to bind with the antigen (Ag) for obtaining the nanocomposite CNP-Ag, and this obtained CNP-Ag was ...
van Lier Alies - - 2013
To date, there is no universal varicella vaccination in the Netherlands. We studied the seroprevalence of varicella zoster virus (VZV) specific antibodies and determinants for seropositivity among participants of a serosurveillance study, conducted in 2006/2007 among Dutch inhabitants 0-79 years of age. Materials and methods Serological testing of 6386 blood ...
Alonso-Bouzón Cristina - - 2013
Cardiovascular disease (CVD), both clinical and subclinical, has been proposed as one of the mechanisms underlying frailty. However, there is no evidence addressing the relationship between the earliest stage of CVD (endothelial dysfunction) and frailty. The goal of the study was to analyze the association between endothelial dysfunction, evaluated by ...
Afegbua Seniyat Larai - - 2013
Hepatitis A is an infectious viral disease, caused by hepatitis A virus (HAV), endemic in many developing countries. A recent review of the global prevalence of HAV infection and susceptibility by the WHO had few data on the seroprevalence of HAV in Nigeria. This study was designed to determine the ...
Kwak Jae - - 2013
Mice release a variety of chemical signals, particularly through urine, which mediate social interactions and endocrine function. Studies have been conducted to investigate the stability of urinary chemosignals in mice. Neuroendocrine and behavioral responses of mice to urine samples of male and female conspecifics which have aged for different amounts ...
Saghiri Mohammad Ali - - 2013
This study aims to evaluate the correlation between the presences of separated endodontic instrument inside the dental canal and the nickel (Ni) level in the urine samples of subjected patients. Same-gendered and near-aged participants were selected and were instructed to collect their urine in sterile nickel-free plastic containers. The procedures ...
Schook Mandi W - - 2013
We studied the Persian onager (Equus hemionus onager), an endangered equid subspecies. The objective was to characterize endocrine patterns and ovarian follicular dynamics of females as well as seminal traits and sperm sensitivity to cryopreservation in males as a prerequisite to testing the feasibility of artificial insemination (AI). Urinary progesterone ...
Burgess Elizabeth A - - 2013
Determining the reproductive status of long-term captive animals is essential because the onset of sexual maturity and reproductive activity may necessitate changes in husbandry requirements. This study reports on the first multi-year reproductive hormone monitoring program for captive dugongs of both sexes using feces. Fecal samples were collected from one ...
Shah V R VR Department of Community Medicine, GCS Medical College, Hospital & Research Center, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. - - 2013
Tobacco use continues to be the leading global cause of preventable deaths, killing nearly 6 million people worldwide each year. Tobacco control must be given the high priority by scaling up tobacco control measures. In India under Control of Tobacco Product Act, it is mandatory to keep the warning labels ...
Sarkar Rajarshi - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Although TSH measurement by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (has become commonplace in India, significant discrepancy has been observed on interpretation of the test results when the manufacturer supplied biological reference interval (BRI) criteria were applied. This report determined whether the manufacturer's BRI (Roche Cobas) is transferable to the Indian population. METHODS: ...
Zibaei M - - 2013
Background: Echinococcus granulosus is a cestode whose larval stage causes cystic echinococcosis in wild animals, livestock, and human. Objective: The aim of this study is to highlight the seroepidemiology of E. granulosus infection and surgical cases in the general population of Khorram Abad district, southwest of Iran. Materials and Methods: ...
Lazcano-Ponce Eduardo - - 2013
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) remains a public health concern worldwide contributing to significant morbidity in developed and developing countries. This cross-sectional database study estimated the overall HAV seroprevalence and the seroprevalence by gender, age, region and socioeconomic status in Mexico. Between January and October 2010, serum samples collected during the ...
Alvarado-Esquivel C - - 2013
The epidemiology of toxocariasis in humans in Mexico has been poorly explored. There is a lack of information about toxocariasis in Tepehuanos, an indigenous ethnic group in Durango State in northern Mexico. Therefore, the presence of anti-Toxocara immunoglobulin (Ig) G antibodies was determined in 126 rural Tepehuanos using an enzyme-linked ...
Legakis Ioannis - - 2013
In order to examine the prevalence of thyroid disease in a hospital outpatient setting, in an area of sufficient iodine intake, serum levels of TSH, T4, T3, anti-Tg and anti-TPO antibodies were examined in 909 individuals with an age range of 12.4 to 88.5 years, participating in a checkup outpatient ...
Ramsey Jordan M - - 2013
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are neurodevelopmental conditions with symptoms manifesting before the age of 3, generally persisting throughout life and affecting social development and communication. Here, we have investigated changes in protein biomarkers in blood during childhood and adolescent development. We carried out a multiplex immunoassay profiling analysis of serum ...
Araújo L - - 2013
Soluble components are increasingly analyzed in induced sputum supernatant. However, only a few studies have measured total or specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E in sputum and none have attempted to validate it. We aim to validate laboratory measurements of total and specific IgE in induced sputum supernatant and to evaluate the ...
van der Meijden Els - - 2013
The polyomavirus family is rapidly expanding with twelve new human viruses identified since 2007. A significant number of the new human polyomaviruses (HPyV) has been found on the skin. Whether these viruses share biological properties and should be grouped together is unknown. Here we investigated the serological behavior of cutaneous ...
Nakano Hiroshi - - 2013
Accumulating evidence suggests the involvement of an autoimmune mechanism in the pathogenesis of respiratory dysfunction. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between pulmonary function and serum antibodies to several connective tissue disease autoantigens (ACTDA) levels, which has not been investigated in a general population. Blood sampling ...
Kusuda Satoshi S Laboratory of Animal Reproduction, Faculty of Applied Biological Sciences, Gifu University, Gifu 501-1193, Japan. - - 2013
The purposes of the present study were to clarify age- and season- related androgen patterns, and to compare the reproductive physiology between Japanese captive koala populations and Australian populations. To measure fecal androgens, feces were collected from male koalas (4.2 to 13.8 years of age) kept in Japanese zoos. Fecal ...
Baelum Jesper - - 2012
Introduction and objectives: Microbiological control agents (MBCA) are widely used in greenhouses, replacing chemical pesticides. The presented study aims to describe health effects of exposure to three types commonly used: Bacillus thuringiensis, Verticillium lecanii, and Trichoderma harzenianum covering seven different products in greenhouse workers with emphasis on sensitization and respiratory ...
Munson Erik - - 2012
Recent literature has reported increased accuracy of Trichomonas vaginalis transcription-mediated amplification (TMA)-based analyte-specific reagent (ASR) testing in female populations. A retrospective investigation assessed 7,277 female first-void urine, cervical, or vaginal specimens submitted from a high-prevalence sexually transmitted infection (STI) community to characterize prevalence of disease etiologies. The most common STI ...
Radicioni A F - - 2012
Background: As thyroid hormones are essential for normal pubertal growth and sexual development, TSH, FT3 and FT4 levels undergo progressive modification during childhood and puberty. Aim: To establish thyroid hormone reference ranges in pre-pubertal children, pubertal adolescents and adults and to evaluate any differences in thyroid function between overweight and ...
Morris Joan K - - 2012
The aim of this study was to quantify the maternal age-specific risk for trisomy 21 mosaicism. Data were obtained on 322 trisomy 21 diagnoses with mosaicism and 27,943 simple trisomy 21 diagnoses recorded in the National Down Syndrome Cytogenetic Register from 1989 to 2009 in England and Wales. Trisomy 21 ...
Carter R Colin RC Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2012
Prenatal alcohol exposure has been associated with pre- and postnatal growth restriction, but little is known about the natural history of this restriction throughout childhood or the effects of prenatal alcohol on body composition. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure on ...
Zhao Dapeng - - 2012
The ratio of the length of the second finger to the fourth finger (2D:4D) is considered to be a putative proxy of prenatal exposure to testosterone, and has been increasingly used as a promising tool to evaluate the impact of prenatal androgenization in humans in such traits as physical performance. ...
Rong Zhihui - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify prenatal and perinatal risk and protective factors for the development of IVH, using a retrospective and case-control clinical study. METHODS: Prenatal and perinatal data were collected from three NICUs between January 2010 and December 2010. Univariate analysis was performed between case ...
van Gameren-Oosterom Helma B M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate trends in prevalence of Down syndrome (DS) births in the Netherlands over an 11-year period and how they have been affected by maternal age and introduction of prenatal screening. METHOD: Nationwide data of an 11-year birth cohort (1997-2007) from the Netherlands Perinatal Registry were ...
Mathieu Jean - - 2012
This epidemiological study investigates the evolution of the prevalence and the phenotypes in a large cohort of myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) patients living in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) region (Quebec, Canada) over a 25-year period (1985-2010). In 1985, 406 patients with DM1 were known. From 1985 to 2010, 352 new ...
Recabarren S E - - 2012
Prenatal exposure to excess testosterone has a profound impact on reproductive and metabolic functions in young and adult female sheep. Nevertheless, few studies have addressed the impact of prenatal exposure to an excess of androgens on reproductive and metabolic functions in males. The aim of the present study was to ...
Leiss Jack K - - 2012
Background:  Birthweight distributions for early last-menstrual-period-based gestational ages are bimodal, and some birthweights in the right-side distribution are implausible for the specified gestational age. Mixture models can be used to identify births in the right-side distribution. The objective of this study was to determine which maternal and infant factors to ...
Forns Joan - - 2012
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) are synthetic organochlorine compounds with potential neurotoxic effects. Although negative effects on neuropsychological development have been observed in previous studies on PCB exposure, there are inconsistencies in these effects at current exposure levels of these compounds which are much lower than for previous generations. This study aimed ...
Schöpper Hanna - - 2012
Body condition and reproductive maturation are parameters of reproductive success that are influenced by sexual hormones rising in the circulation during the time of puberty. Various endocrine systems can be programmed by conditions experienced during early life. Stress for instance is supposed to be capable of influencing fetal development, leading ...
Loane Maria M Institute of Nursing Research, University of Ulster, Jordanstown, - - 2013
This study examines trends and geographical differences in total and live birth prevalence of trisomies 21, 18 and 13 with regard to increasing maternal age and prenatal diagnosis in Europe. Twenty-one population-based EUROCAT registries covering 6.1 million births between 1990 and 2009 participated. Trisomy cases included live births, fetal deaths ...
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